Chapter 5   Revising Academic Language Centre
revisingThe focus is on:•Organising your ideas and research into wel-developed paragraphs•Rounding off a paragraph with a ...
Linking paragraphs• Use a transition sentence that briefly links  back to the previous paragraph, then  introduces the nex...
Not only …, but also …• Grammatical construction: inversion.He was a painter, but he was also an arts dealer.Not only was ...
Task 15, p. 173• 1. Our Logistics Department needs to receive both  relevant and timely information.• 2. Our Marketing Dep...
Task 15, p. 173• 3. We should ignore neither the fact that we have  new competitors nor the fact that we are losing  custo...
RevisingSpecial attention should be paid to:• word choice (vocabulary)•sentence structure (grammar),•paragraph structure. ...
Tentative language,        or the need to be cautiousIn academic texts we often need to moderate orqualify our claims and ...
Tentative language: Create distance:The factory has benefitted from the recent technology   upgrade.The factory seems to ...
Tentative language:Distance yourself from the data:Based on the limited data available, …In the view of some experts, ….A...
Tentative language: Qualify a generalisation:Children living in poverty have a history of health   problems.Children livi...
Tentative language:Choose a weaker verb:Unsound policies of the IMF led to the financial crisis.Unsound policies of the I...
Tentative language:Combine several types of qualifications, but   do not overdo it:It could be concluded that the majorit...
Peer review:Do tasks 19, 20 on pp. 177 - 179                   Academic Language Centre
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Ch 5 ac wr in e

  1. 1. Chapter 5 Revising Academic Language Centre
  2. 2. revisingThe focus is on:•Organising your ideas and research into wel-developed paragraphs•Rounding off a paragraph with a concludingsentence•Linking your paragraphs with transitionsentences showing the relationship betweentopicsDo tasks 11, 12 on p. 169 Academic Language Centre
  3. 3. Linking paragraphs• Use a transition sentence that briefly links back to the previous paragraph, then introduces the next topic• Use signalling language showing a complementary or contrasting relationship (similar to…., whereas …, etc.)• Or use correlative conjunctions (not only …, but also …; both … and …; either … or…; neither … nor …) Academic Language Centre
  4. 4. Not only …, but also …• Grammatical construction: inversion.He was a painter, but he was also an arts dealer.Not only was he a painter, but also an arts dealer.He broke his arm and his collar bone.Not only did he break his arm, but also his collar bone.Do task 15, p. 173 Academic Language Centre
  5. 5. Task 15, p. 173• 1. Our Logistics Department needs to receive both relevant and timely information.• 2. Our Marketing Department offers not only advertising material but also sales presentations on new products to key clients. (parallel structure)• 2. Not only does our Marketing Department produce advertising material, but it also gives sales presentations on new products to key clients.• Our Marketing Department not only produces advertising material but also gives sales presentations on new products to key clients. Academic Language Centre
  6. 6. Task 15, p. 173• 3. We should ignore neither the fact that we have new competitors nor the fact that we are losing customers.• 4. Sales have gone down again. Either we are underestimating the competition, or we are misunderstanding the needs of our customers.Or:• 4. Sales have gone down again. We are either underestimating the competition or misunderstanding the needs of our customers. Academic Language Centre
  7. 7. RevisingSpecial attention should be paid to:• word choice (vocabulary)•sentence structure (grammar),•paragraph structure. Academic Language Centre
  8. 8. Tentative language, or the need to be cautiousIn academic texts we often need to moderate orqualify our claims and generalisations.Use modal verbs (expressing probability):Sleeping 7 – 9 hours a day will result in betteracademic performance.Sleeping 7 – 9 hours a day may result in betteracademic performance.Sleeping 7 – 9 hours a day might / could result inbetter academic performance. Academic Language Centre
  9. 9. Tentative language: Create distance:The factory has benefitted from the recent technology upgrade.The factory seems to have benefitted from the recent technology upgrade.The factory appears to have benefitted from the recent technology upgrade.It seems that the factory has benefitted from the recent technology upgrade.It has been said that the factory seems to have benefitted from the recent technology upgrade. Academic Language Centre
  10. 10. Tentative language:Distance yourself from the data:Based on the limited data available, …In the view of some experts, ….According to this preliminary study, …Based on an informal survey of nine department managers, … Academic Language Centre
  11. 11. Tentative language: Qualify a generalisation:Children living in poverty have a history of health problems.Children living in poverty tend to have a history of health problems.Many children living in poverty have a history of health problems.The majority of children living in poverty have a history of health problems.In most parts of the world children living in poverty have a history of health problems. Academic Language Centre
  12. 12. Tentative language:Choose a weaker verb:Unsound policies of the IMF led to the financial crisis.Unsound policies of the IMF contributed to the financial crisis. Academic Language Centre
  13. 13. Tentative language:Combine several types of qualifications, but do not overdo it:It could be concluded that the majority of studies seem to suggest that some of the unsound policies of the IMF might have led to the financial crisis. Academic Language Centre
  14. 14. Peer review:Do tasks 19, 20 on pp. 177 - 179 Academic Language Centre

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