Strategies to build academic writing
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Strategies to build academic writing Presentation Transcript

  • 1. IT’S NOT THAT SIMPLE! STRATEGIES TO BUILD ACADEMIC WRITING ACROSS THE CURRICULUM SYLVIA VAGO, ESL TEACHER ENDEAVOUR SPORTS HIGH SCHOOL ESLIN WORKSHOP November 2011
  • 2.
    • What teaching and learning strategies best support ESL/LBOTE students in writing paragraphs using academic language?
  • 3.
    • ESL students have difficulty constructing sentences and paragraphs. (BICS CALP)
    • Students have difficulty in integrating concepts and vocabulary in writing.
    • Grammar taught should emphasise form and meaning in context of usage.
    What are the issues?
  • 4.
          • WHAT ARE THE DEMANDS?
    • Syllabus requirements: Rich tasks/assessment tasks ~ Content-driven learning
    • Language requirements: –explanation, comparison, deconstructing visual texts,
    • Understanding cause and effect, graphs
    • writing paragraphs in different text types
  • 5. How to achieve it
    • Backward map from assessment task to identify and plan language activities and strategies with KLA teacher.
    • Explicit teaching – Sentence structure, grammar and punctuation.
    • Front-load information for better understanding
  • 6. How to achieve it
    • Critical thinking skills: sequencing/ questioning/discussion
    • Scaffolds and models - message abundancy: concept and semantic maps and posters
    • Reading-recasting–rewriting language
  • 7. What works
    • Authentic texts: relevance to KLA
    • Model and guided reading/writing of sentence structures (imperfect to perfect)
    • Teach grammar and sentence structure of text types: PPP (present-practice-produce)
    • Scaffold the metalanguage: dictogloss, mix and match, jigsaw and cloze activities
  • 8. The Digital Revolution: GET CONNECTED!