The passive voice
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The passive voice

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The passive voice The passive voice Presentation Transcript

  • The Passive Voice Anneli Hallaste Tartu 2010
  • Active / Passive
    • How are these sentences different in meaning?
    • a) Tommy ate the last piece of cake.
    • b) The last piece of cake was eaten.
    http://thumbs.dreamstime.com/thumb_409/1245094506VIb15R.jpg http://cache3.asset-cache.net/xc/200293385-001.jpg?v=1&c=IWSAsset&k=2&d=5047FA587DE1CADE1BA90F8DD86A30D43A668F50291DD9D65C1ABD210FD77B9CB5AF9B7D601FECA8 Tommy WHO DID THIS???
  • What is the passive voice?
    • The passive voice is the structure we use when we DO NOT SA Y WHO or WHAT performs an action.
    • He was robbed .
    • “ Normal” sentences are called active.
    • Someone robbed him.
    • In Estonian – passiiv, umbisikuline tegumood
    View slide
  • When do we use the passive?
    • When we do not know who does something.
    • 2) When it is not important who does something.
    http://kunaljanu.files.wordpress.com/2009/02/ist2_1457667-confusion-1.jpg http://www.pollsb.com/photos/o/21992-know_care_next.jpg View slide
  • When do we use the passive?
    • 4) When we want to hide who does something (to not show blame).
    • 3) When it is obvious who does something.
    HE OBVIOUSLY DID IT! http://www.vjja.org/eAdvocate/Winter2008/Book_Jacket_Mistakes_Were_Made.jpg http://www.fugly.com/media/IMAGES/Random/guilty_puppy.jpg
  • The verb in the passive
    • BASIC STRUCTURE:
    • BE + III
    • English IS SPOKEN here.
    • The cake WAS EATEN .
    • The house HAS BEEN BUILT .
  • What happens to “be”?
    • The verb “be” follows the main rule of the tense.
    • For example:
    • Present Perfect = have + III
    • I have eaten an apple.
    • In the passive:
    • have + III form of “be” + III form of main verb
    • An apple has been eaten by me.
    http://cache1.asset-cache.net/xc/stk75761cor.jpg?v=1&c=IWSAsset&k=2&d=8A33AE939F2E01FF8E493DD4566DFFEEEAD9D0A89A4AF6EFF99C79F089913332E30A760B0D811297
  • How do we form the passive?
    • The object (sihitis) of the active sentence becomes the subject (alus) of the passive sentence.
    • Susan painted a picture .
    • A picture
    • was painted
    • by Susan .
  • Find the object in these sentences
    • 1) I read books.
    • 2) We serve dinner at three o’clock.
    • 3) Did you feed the cat already?
    • 4) The students were writing a test.
    • 5) He had taken all of the money.
    • BOOKS
    • DINNER
    • THE CAT
    • A TEST
    • ALL OF THE MONEY
  • Present tenses in the passive Letters have been written by me. I have written letters. Present Perfect Letters are being written by me. I am writing letters. Present Continuous Letters are written by me. I write letters. Present Simple Passive Active Tense
  • Past tenses in the passive Letters had been written by me. I had written letters. Past Perfect Letters were being written by me. I was writing letters. Past Continuous Letters were written by me. I wrote letters. Past Simple Passive Active Tense
  • Future and modals Letters must be written by me. I must write letters. Modals (can, should, must, etc.) Letters are going to be written by me. I am going to write letters. be going to - future Letters will be written by me. I will write letters. Future Simple Passive Active Tense
  • Choose the correct option
    • The letter ……….. yet.
    • wasn’t sended
    • weren’t sent
    • wasn’t sent
  • Sorry!
    • Try again
    http://www.quotablebooks.com/firstflat.gif
  • Correct!  Do the next one
    • I can’t fix this dress.
    • The passive is:
    • This dress I can’t fix .
    • This dress can’t be fixed .
    • This dress can’t fix .
  • Sorry!
    • Try again .
    http://www.coolfunpics.com/slides/Good_Luck_Road_Sign.jpg
  • Correct!  Do the next one.
    • She has done her homework.
    • The passive is:
    • Her homework is been done .
    • Her homework has been doing .
    • Her homework has been done .
  • Sorry!
    • Try again .
    http://comments16.com/wp-content/uploads/2009/07/188.gif
  • Correct! 
    • Well done!
    • See if you can do:
    • Exercise 1 (multiple choice)
    • Exercise 2 (changing from active to passive)
    • THANK YOU
    • FOR LISTENING!
    http://ballyhooligan.files.wordpress.com/2009/11/the-end.jpg