The passive voice

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The passive voice

  1. 1. The Passive Voice Anneli Hallaste Tartu 2010
  2. 2. Active / Passive <ul><li>How are these sentences different in meaning? </li></ul><ul><li>a) Tommy ate the last piece of cake. </li></ul><ul><li>b) The last piece of cake was eaten. </li></ul>http://thumbs.dreamstime.com/thumb_409/1245094506VIb15R.jpg http://cache3.asset-cache.net/xc/200293385-001.jpg?v=1&c=IWSAsset&k=2&d=5047FA587DE1CADE1BA90F8DD86A30D43A668F50291DD9D65C1ABD210FD77B9CB5AF9B7D601FECA8 Tommy WHO DID THIS???
  3. 3. What is the passive voice? <ul><li>The passive voice is the structure we use when we DO NOT SA Y WHO or WHAT performs an action. </li></ul><ul><li>He was robbed . </li></ul><ul><li>“ Normal” sentences are called active. </li></ul><ul><li>Someone robbed him. </li></ul><ul><li>In Estonian – passiiv, umbisikuline tegumood </li></ul>
  4. 4. When do we use the passive? <ul><li>When we do not know who does something. </li></ul><ul><li>2) When it is not important who does something. </li></ul>http://kunaljanu.files.wordpress.com/2009/02/ist2_1457667-confusion-1.jpg http://www.pollsb.com/photos/o/21992-know_care_next.jpg
  5. 5. When do we use the passive? <ul><li>4) When we want to hide who does something (to not show blame). </li></ul><ul><li>3) When it is obvious who does something. </li></ul>HE OBVIOUSLY DID IT! http://www.vjja.org/eAdvocate/Winter2008/Book_Jacket_Mistakes_Were_Made.jpg http://www.fugly.com/media/IMAGES/Random/guilty_puppy.jpg
  6. 6. The verb in the passive <ul><li>BASIC STRUCTURE: </li></ul><ul><li>BE + III </li></ul><ul><li>English IS SPOKEN here. </li></ul><ul><li>The cake WAS EATEN . </li></ul><ul><li>The house HAS BEEN BUILT . </li></ul>
  7. 7. What happens to “be”? <ul><li>The verb “be” follows the main rule of the tense. </li></ul><ul><li>For example: </li></ul><ul><li>Present Perfect = have + III </li></ul><ul><li>I have eaten an apple. </li></ul><ul><li>In the passive: </li></ul><ul><li>have + III form of “be” + III form of main verb </li></ul><ul><li>An apple has been eaten by me. </li></ul>http://cache1.asset-cache.net/xc/stk75761cor.jpg?v=1&c=IWSAsset&k=2&d=8A33AE939F2E01FF8E493DD4566DFFEEEAD9D0A89A4AF6EFF99C79F089913332E30A760B0D811297
  8. 8. How do we form the passive? <ul><li>The object (sihitis) of the active sentence becomes the subject (alus) of the passive sentence. </li></ul><ul><li>Susan painted a picture . </li></ul><ul><li>A picture </li></ul><ul><li>was painted </li></ul><ul><li> by Susan . </li></ul>
  9. 9. Find the object in these sentences <ul><li>1) I read books. </li></ul><ul><li>2) We serve dinner at three o’clock. </li></ul><ul><li>3) Did you feed the cat already? </li></ul><ul><li>4) The students were writing a test. </li></ul><ul><li>5) He had taken all of the money. </li></ul><ul><li>BOOKS </li></ul><ul><li>DINNER </li></ul><ul><li>THE CAT </li></ul><ul><li>A TEST </li></ul><ul><li>ALL OF THE MONEY </li></ul>
  10. 10. Present tenses in the passive Letters have been written by me. I have written letters. Present Perfect Letters are being written by me. I am writing letters. Present Continuous Letters are written by me. I write letters. Present Simple Passive Active Tense
  11. 11. Past tenses in the passive Letters had been written by me. I had written letters. Past Perfect Letters were being written by me. I was writing letters. Past Continuous Letters were written by me. I wrote letters. Past Simple Passive Active Tense
  12. 12. Future and modals Letters must be written by me. I must write letters. Modals (can, should, must, etc.) Letters are going to be written by me. I am going to write letters. be going to - future Letters will be written by me. I will write letters. Future Simple Passive Active Tense
  13. 13. Choose the correct option <ul><li>The letter ……….. yet. </li></ul><ul><li>wasn’t sended </li></ul><ul><li>weren’t sent </li></ul><ul><li>wasn’t sent </li></ul>
  14. 14. Sorry! <ul><li>Try again </li></ul>http://www.quotablebooks.com/firstflat.gif
  15. 15. Correct!  Do the next one <ul><li>I can’t fix this dress. </li></ul><ul><li>The passive is: </li></ul><ul><li>This dress I can’t fix . </li></ul><ul><li>This dress can’t be fixed . </li></ul><ul><li>This dress can’t fix . </li></ul>
  16. 16. Sorry! <ul><li>Try again . </li></ul>http://www.coolfunpics.com/slides/Good_Luck_Road_Sign.jpg
  17. 17. Correct!  Do the next one. <ul><li>She has done her homework. </li></ul><ul><li>The passive is: </li></ul><ul><li>Her homework is been done . </li></ul><ul><li>Her homework has been doing . </li></ul><ul><li>Her homework has been done . </li></ul>
  18. 18. Sorry! <ul><li>Try again . </li></ul>http://comments16.com/wp-content/uploads/2009/07/188.gif
  19. 19. Correct!  <ul><li>Well done! </li></ul><ul><li>See if you can do: </li></ul><ul><li>Exercise 1 (multiple choice) </li></ul><ul><li>Exercise 2 (changing from active to passive) </li></ul>
  20. 20. <ul><li>THANK YOU </li></ul><ul><li>FOR LISTENING! </li></ul>http://ballyhooligan.files.wordpress.com/2009/11/the-end.jpg

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