Agenda Research Process Overview General search strategy Brainstorming keywords Evaluating information
The Research Process Interpreting the Selecting a Assignment Topic Reading Identifying & Background ListingRefining a Information Vocabulary Topic Using Online Databases & Indexes Evaluating Citing Sources Gathering Sources Sources Drafting Paper or Presentation
Web “Pre-Searching” Why or why not start your search online? Respond here: http://bit.ly/1TSEM
Web “Pre-Searching” Why not start your search online? The Invisible Web http://goshen.libguides.com/beyond_googling Can you trust this information? TED video: Online filter bubble – Eli Pariser http://www.ted.com/talks/eli_pariser_beware_online_filter_bub bles.html
Web “Pre-Searching” Why start your search online? Find background information Help solidify research topic Find new terminology to use as keywords Find links and/or citations to other sources
… and other familiar tools to identify websites with academic content. Source: www.google.com. Source: www.wikipedia.org.
Try new features to help build your keyword listand search strategy. Keep this in mind! Any topic might include various facets that you might want to explore and consider as you clarify your topic at the beginning of the research process.
Keywords are critical! Sample topic: What are some ways elementary teachers can assess whether a certain technology solution is effective? First, break the question down into keywords: What are some ways elementary teachers can assess whether a certain technology solution is effective?
More on keywords… Expand your list to include synonyms then add to it once you have done some background reading. What are some ways elementary teachers can assess whether a certain technology solution is effective?teach* assess* technolog*learn evaluat* comput*strateg* test* [software name]method gaugeinstruct*
Search Terms and Keyword Reminders Keywords come from the search question Use Boolean “search connectors” to combine keywords in ways that capture the results you need
Good searching starts with good keywords Boolean “search connectors” AND OR NOTFor example:internet AND children • Combining >1 topicinstruct OR teach • Combining synonymous terms
Search Tip #1 Use AND when you need to combine more than one topic innovation education Innovation AND education
Search Tip #2 Use OR to combine synonymous terms (to get results regardless of what term an author uses). instruct teach
Search Tip #3 Use truncation! Educat* finds Educate Education Educating Educator Etc…
Search Tip #4 Phrase Searching… Use quotations to keep a keyword phrase intact (words will be searched in the specific order) Examples: “No Child Left Behind” “school reform”
Putting it all together… What are some ways elementary teachers can assess whether a certain technology solution is effective? teach* assess* technolog* instruct* evaluate* comput* method* test* [software name] learn* teach* OR instruct* OR method* OR learn* AND assess* OR evaluate* OR test* AND technolog* OR comput* OR kidspiration
Evaluate what you find Go to one of the websites below and analyze it http://bit.ly/cosmicweb1 http://bit.ly/cosmicweb2 http://bit.ly/cosmicweb3 http://bit.ly/cosmicweb4 http://bit.ly/cosmicweb5 http://bit.ly/cosmicweb6 http://bit.ly/cosmicweb7
Check for CRAP Currency Reliability Authority Purpose/Point of View
Check for CRAP Currency How recent is the information? Can you locate a date when the resource was written/created/updated? Based on your topic, is this current enough? Why might the date matter for your topic?Guidelines for CRAP provided by the Jean and Alexander Heard Library
Check for CRAP Reliability What kind of information is included in the resource? Does the author provide citations & references for quotations & data Where am I accessing this information?Guidelines for CRAP provided by the Jean and Alexander Heard Library
Check for CRAP Authority Can you determine who the author/creator is? What are their credentials (education, affiliation, experience, etc.)? Who is the publisher or sponsor of the work/site? Is this publisher/sponsor reputableGuidelines for CRAP provided by the Jean and Alexander Heard Library
Check for CRAP Purpose/Point of View Is the content primarily opinion? Is the information balanced or biased? What is the purpose of the information? Is it to inform, teach, sell, entertain or persuadeGuidelines for CRAP provided by the Jean and Alexander Heard Library
Fill out the worksheet Worksheet 1 Go here: http://bit.ly/2TSEM Fill out the worksheet Be ready to fill in more of the worksheet after the next library session!
Questions? Feel free to contact me: Laksamee Putnam firstname.lastname@example.org 410.704.3746. Twitter: @CookLibraryofTU Or any reference librarian: Visit Cook Library Reference Desk 410.704.2462. IM – tucookchat