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ISTC Fall 2013 Class3

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  • 1. ISTC: Plagiarism and APA Style Laksamee Putnam – Research & Instruction Librarian Slides: http://bit.ly/ISTC201FALL2013
  • 2. First…  Laksamee Putnam  lputnam@towson.edu  Cook Library Reference:  410.704.2462.  IM/email  Phone: 410.704.3746.  Twitter: @CookLibraryofTU  Albert S. Cook facebook profile  Slides: http://bit.ly/ISTC201FALL2013
  • 3. Agenda  Class discussion  APA citation style  APA worksheet  Slides: http://bit.ly/ISTC201FALL2013
  • 4. It’s out there, why not reuse it? ImagebyDuaneHoffmann www.msnbc.msn.com/id/32657885 Webb, S. (2012, December 12). Photographer finds artist has painted near exact copies of his pictures… after seeing them on sale in a gallery for $4,000. The Daily Mail. Retrieved from http://bit.ly/XgG1MG • Plagiarism can come in many different forms. What is your experience with plagiarism? • Why is it important for you to properly cite your sources?
  • 5. Pre-class citation Cite this article: http://bit.ly/RYQ2Nz Kinlaw, C.R., Dunlap, L.L., & D’Angelo, J.A. (2012). Relations between faculty use of online academic resources and student class attendance. Computers & Education, 59(2), 167-172. doi:10.1016/j.compedu.2011.12.028
  • 6. APA Style  Citations
  • 7. APA Style  References
  • 8. Style Manuals  Different disciplines use different style manuals  Social Sciences = American Psychological Association (APA)  Humanities = MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers (MLA)
  • 9. The point is…  Acknowledge where you found the information  Briefly identify the source  Allows others to find additional information
  • 10. What needs to be cited?  Books  Web Pages  Magazine articles  Graphics  VHS,DVD, audio, etc.  Government reports  Statistics  Encyclopedia articles  Any source of information!
  • 11. What needs to be cited?  Direct quotes  Ideas borrowed  Paraphrased material
  • 12. In-text Citation needs:  Direct Quote  All authors’ last names  Year of publication  Page number  Paraphrase  All authors’ last names  Year of publication
  • 13. Direct Quote: In-text citation  As researchers Yanovski and Yanovski (2002) have explained, obesity was once considered “either a moral failing or evidence of underlying psychopathology” (p. 592). OR  A relationship is defined as “the interdependence between two or more people” (Coombs, 2001, p.106).
  • 14. Direct Quote: In-text citation  Longer than 40 words?  Indented five spaces from left margin in block format  Usually it is better to paraphrase
  • 15. Paraphrase: In-text citation  Original  America today has veered too far in the direction of formal testing without adequate consideration of the costs and limitations of an exclusive emphasis on that approach.  Paraphrase  In the United States, the education system places too much emphasis on formal testing, overlooking the limitations and expenses imposed when that assessment strategy is employed exclusively (Gardner, 1993).
  • 16. Paraphrase: In-text citation  Original  The Republican Convention of 1860 … is sometimes seen as a symbol of Whig triumph within the party. A closer look, however, indicates that the Whig’s triumph within the party was of a very tentative nature.”  Paraphrase  Contrary to many historians, Eric Foner argues that the Republican platform of 1860 should not be understood as an indication of Whig dominance of the party (1995).
  • 17. In-text Citations  More than one author  Two authors  Greenfield and Savage (1990)  (Greenfield & Savage, 1990, p. 567)  Three to five authors  You must first identify all of the authors either in the signal phrase or the first citation.  Terrace, Petitto, Sanders, and Bever (1979) believed…  (Terrace, Petitto, Sanders, & Bever, 1979)  After you have identified all, you may use “et al.”  Terrace et al. (1979) stated……  (Terrace et al., 1979)  Six or more authors  Use first authors last name and then et al.
  • 18. In-text Citations  Organization as author  Government or other organization  Use organization name as author in signal phrase  Use organization in parenthetical citation  The National Institute of Mental Health (2001)…  (National Institute of Mental Health, 2001)
  • 19. Special cases  If you have more than one author with the same last name, use the first initial in the citation  (Smith, A., 2002)  If you have more than one work in the same year by the same author, use letters a, b, c, etc. to indicate correct source  (Entman, 2004a)
  • 20. References  The in-text citation must match up with the references entry  Use the heading “References” at the top of a new page  List entries alphabetically  Author’s last name (if no author, then by organization name or title)  Double space each entry  No extra spaces between entries  If over one line, entry should have a hanging indent
  • 21. References – Books  Create a reference for this book  Book authors or editors:  Last name  First letter of first name and middle initial  Date of publication:  Book Title:  Publication information:  City and state  Publisher
  • 22. References – Books  Create a reference for this book  Book authors or editors: Grant, J.  Date of publication: (1994).  Book Title: I hate school!: Some common sense answers for educators & parents who want to know why & what to do about it  Publication information: Rosemont, NJ: Modern Learning Press.
  • 23. Book Example Grant, S. (1994). I hate school!: Some common sense answers for educators & parents who want to know why & what to do about it. Rosemont, NJ: Modern Learning Press. Notes: 1. Periods must follow first letter of author’s name and middle initial, publication date, book title, and publisher. 2. Book title is always in italics. 3. Only capitalize the first letter of book title, any letter following a colon (:), and proper nouns.
  • 24. References – Journals  Create a reference for this journal article  Article author:  Last name  First letter of first name and middle initial  Date of publication:  Article title:  Periodical title:  Publication information:  Volume number and issue number (if available)  Page numbers  Digital Object Identifier number:
  • 25. References – Journals  Create a reference for this journal article  Article author: Peleg, R., & Baram-Tsabari, A.  Date of publication: (2011).  Article title: Atom surprise: Using theatre in primary science education.  Periodical title: Journal of Science Education & Technology,  Publication information: 20(5), 508-524.  Digital Object Identifier number: doi:10.1007/s10956-011- 9299-yx
  • 26. Journal Example Peleg, R., & Baram-Tsabari, A. (2011). Atom surprise: Using theatre in primary science education. Journal of Science Education & Technology, 20(5), 508-524. doi:10.1007/s10956-011-9299-y Notes: 1. Periods must follow first letter of author’s first and middle initial, publication date, article title, and publication information. 2. A comma will follow the author’s last name, first initial (if more than one author), journal title and volume number. 3. Article title is never italicized – always written normal. 4. Always italicize: journal title, volume number, and the commas before and after volume number. Journal title follows capitol case lettering. 5. Only capitalize the first letter of article title, any letter following a colon (:), and proper nouns. 6. Place a space between author first name and middle initial
  • 27. Journal Articles Extra Info  Articles retrieved from a database such as EBSCO or PsycINFO do not need to include database information  Articles not including a doi number should contain the journal URL after the page numbers such as  Retrieved from http://js.sagamorepub.com/pe
  • 28. Common Knowledge Quandary  Some examples:  Waste not, want not.  George Washington was the first president of the US  The earth is round  When in doubt, cite it.
  • 29. Library Resources for APA
  • 30. Practice creating citations  Go here to complete the plagiarism worksheet  http://bit.ly/ISTCAPA2013  Please ask if you have questions!  Please provide feedback for ALL the library sessions here  http://bit.ly/18CpcAD
  • 31. Questions?  Feel free to contact me:  Laksamee Putnam  lputnam@towson.edu  410.704.3746.  Twitter: @CookLibraryofTU  Or any reference librarian:  Visit Cook Library Reference Desk  410.704.2462.  IM – tucookchat

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