TSEM Cooper Fall 2011
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TSEM Cooper Fall 2011

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  • There is so much information out there. You can find anything on the internet and it’s not attributed to anyone.Ask the students to first write down then discuss their thoughts on the quote and plagiarism. Why don’t people seem to think it’s that bad to copy someone? What about downloading music? How does this relate to math?
  • There is so much information out there. You can find anything on the internet and it’s not attributed to anyone.Ask the students to first write down then discuss their thoughts on the quote and plagiarism. Why don’t people seem to think it’s that bad to copy someone? What about downloading music? How does this relate to math?
  • Not only is this a topic that is discussed in the “real world” but it is also an important issue on campus.Emphasizing the professor’s approach to plagiarism, while also pointing out that this is of concern to the entire TU/academic community.We now have a system where if a student is sanctioned for plagiarism by a professor, that is not the end of the matter. The professor can report the student centrally. If there is a “strike 2” the student has to go before Judicial Affairs and face further consequences: the student may be suspended from TU.Bob Giordani: 100 cases a year reported. (Imagine how many go unreported!)1-3 repeat offenders a year. These go to Judicial Affairs for penalties up to and including suspension from TU.There has been about one suspension each year.
  • Also just helps you stay organized
  • Example A is plagiarized. Problems:Word-for-word from the source, without quotation marks.No in-text (parenthetical) citation to Hearst.Citing in Works Cited at end of paper is not enough—we need to know which specific information/idea/text/graphic etc. came from where as we are reading.To fix: Legitmate paraphrase (rewording) of source + in-text citation (keep citation on Reference list as well).OR Use quotation marks to show what is an exact quote (when omitting words from quote, use ellipsis (…)+ in-text citation+ keep entry in Reference list at end of paper.
  • Example A is plagiarized. Problems:Word-for-word from the source, without quotation marks.No in-text (parenthetical) citation to Hearst.Citing in Works Cited at end of paper is not enough—we need to know which specific information/idea/text/graphic etc. came from where as we are reading.To fix: Legitmate paraphrase (rewording) of source + in-text citation (keep citation on Reference list as well).OR Use quotation marks to show what is an exact quote (when omitting words from quote, use ellipsis (…)+ in-text citation+ keep entry in Reference list at end of paper.
  • Example B is plagiarized. This is an example of paraphrase plagiarism.Many student are not aware that this is plagiarism, but it can get you in trouble!!Problems:Student paper follows original source too closely. Rewording is light; sentences follow identical structure as source. In-text citation to Hearst does not solve this—in doing so we acknowledge Hearst’s idea, but not his wording, which this passage exploits.To fix this:If the phrasing of the source merits this, QUOTE exact words used, using quotation marks+ keep the in-text citation to Hearst+ keep the entry in References list.How many words in a row are ok to keep?You may hear “rules of thumb” such as the “three word rule”: quote and cite if you are using more than three words in a row from the source. There is no hard-and-fast rule. Three, two, or even one word might be distinctive enough to be quoted and cited, depending on the context.For instance, Ed Tenner wrote of the “plagiosphere” in Technology Review.This word, coined by Tenner, refers to the notion that everything has been said and is out there somewhere on the World Wide Web. (Interesting article by the way!)If I were to write about this concept and to use the word, I would want to cite Tenner. Otherwise, it would appear that I myself had made up the word and the concept it represents. The first time I used the word “plagiosphere” I could put it in quotes, add an in-text citation, and include a works cited entry at the end of my paper. Additional uses of the word in the paper would not need to be quoted, but if I used ideas from Tenner’s articles, those would require in-text citations in the body of the paper.
  • Example B is plagiarized. This is an example of paraphrase plagiarism.Many student are not aware that this is plagiarism, but it can get you in trouble!!Problems:Student paper follows original source too closely. Rewording is light; sentences follow identical structure as source. In-text citation to Hearst does not solve this—in doing so we acknowledge Hearst’s idea, but not his wording, which this passage exploits.To fix this:If the phrasing of the source merits this, QUOTE exact words used, using quotation marks+ keep the in-text citation to Hearst+ keep the entry in References list.How many words in a row are ok to keep?You may hear “rules of thumb” such as the “three word rule”: quote and cite if you are using more than three words in a row from the source. There is no hard-and-fast rule. Three, two, or even one word might be distinctive enough to be quoted and cited, depending on the context.For instance, Ed Tenner wrote of the “plagiosphere” in Technology Review.This word, coined by Tenner, refers to the notion that everything has been said and is out there somewhere on the World Wide Web. (Interesting article by the way!)If I were to write about this concept and to use the word, I would want to cite Tenner. Otherwise, it would appear that I myself had made up the word and the concept it represents. The first time I used the word “plagiosphere” I could put it in quotes, add an in-text citation, and include a works cited entry at the end of my paper. Additional uses of the word in the paper would not need to be quoted, but if I used ideas from Tenner’s articles, those would require in-text citations in the body of the paper.
  • The rewording in the Student Paper for Example C is fine--see how different the words and sentences are from the original source. Paraphrasing can work!BUT in neglecting to add an in-text citation, this went over the line to IDEA PLAGIARISM. If Hearst is in the Works Cited list, this doesn’t let the writer off the hook. How is the reader to know where the individual idea comes from if the writer doesn’t include a proper in-text citation?To fix: in-text citation + keep in References list.
  • The rewording in the Student Paper for Example C is fine--see how different the words and sentences are from the original source. Paraphrasing can work!BUT in neglecting to add an in-text citation, this went over the line to IDEA PLAGIARISM. If Hearst is in the Works Cited list, this doesn’t let the writer off the hook. How is the reader to know where the individual idea comes from if the writer doesn’t include a proper in-text citation?To fix: in-text citation + keep in References list.
  • Example D is fine—NOT plagiarized. Hooray.Very few words shared—not a problem.When the writer wanted to quote, quotation marks used appropriately.The in-text citation need only include the page number, as Hearst has already clearly been noted in the same sentence. “Hearst describes” is an example of what is called a signal phrase. It eliminates the need to indicate Hearst again in the parentheses.That wasn’t so bad, was it?
  • Example D is fine—NOT plagiarized. Hooray.Very few words shared—not a problem.When the writer wanted to quote, quotation marks used appropriately.The in-text citation need only include the page number, as Hearst has already clearly been noted in the same sentence. “Hearst describes” is an example of what is called a signal phrase. It eliminates the need to indicate Hearst again in the parentheses.That wasn’t so bad, was it?

TSEM Cooper Fall 2011 TSEM Cooper Fall 2011 Presentation Transcript

  • Comics Studio with Ellen Forney
    Thursday October 13th, 2011
    2-3:30PM
    Cook Library 507 – Towson room
    Cartoonist Ellen Forney, the mind behind the comics and artwork in The Absolutely True Diary of a Part-Time Indian, will teach participants how to develop their own comic art, including text and illustration. Attendance is limited to 25 students; please contact Patricia MacDonald, Cook Library, pmacdonald@towson.edu to register.
  • Comics: The Extraordinary Power of Words and Pictures
    Thursday October 13th, 2011
    7-8:30PM
    University Union - Potomac Lounge
    Comics are enjoying a new respect as a compelling literary medium. Join Ellen Forney, creator of the art in this year’s One Maryland One Book selection, The Absolutely True Diary of a Part-Time Indian, as she enthuses about their quirky appeal in a presentation about both her solo projects and her work with the novel.
  • Laksamee Putnam
    lputnam@towson.edu
    Research & Instruction Librarian
    TSEM 102 – Plagiarism and Proper Citation
  • First…
    Laksamee Putnam
    lputnam@towson.edu
    Cook Library Reference:
    410.704.2462.
    IM/email
    Phone: 410.704.3746.
    Twitter: @CookLibraryofTU
    Albert S. Cook facebook profile!
  • Agenda
    Define plagiarism
    Real world examples and discussion
    Towson Policy – Academic Integrity
    APA citation style
  • How do you define plagiarism?
    http://icanhascheezburger.com/2007/09/12/copy-cat/
  • How do you define plagiarism?
  • How do you define plagiarism?
    Using someone’s ideas or expression of those ideas (words, pictures, music, etc)
    Without giving proper credit
  • An interesting side story
    A quote attributed to Martin Luther King Jr. went viral after the death of Osama bin Laden
    But part of it was never said or written by him
    http://www.theatlantic.com/national/archive/2011/05/anatomy-of-a-fake-quotation/238257/
  • It’s out there, why not reuse it?
    Gabriel, T. (2010, August 1) Plagiarism Lines Blur for Students in the Digital Age. The New York Times. Retrieved from http://www.nytimes.com/2010/08/02/education/02cheat.html
    Image by Duane Hoffmann
    www.msnbc.msn.com/id/32657885
    “If you are not so worried about presenting yourself as absolutely unique, then it’s O.K.
    …if you say other people’s words, it’s O.K. if you say things you don’t believe,
    …it’s O.K. if you write papers you couldn’t care less about because they accomplish the task, which is turning something in and getting a grade
    … and it’s O.K. if you put words out there without getting any credit.”
    ~Susan D. Blum anthropologist at The University of Notre Dame, author of “My Word!: Plagiarism and College Culture” on student attitudes toward plagiarism
  • It’s out there, why not reuse it?
    Discussion on the article:
    • Your thoughts on plagiarism
    • Why don’t some people seem to think it’s bad to copy?
    • Why do people who know it’s wrong still do it?
    • Does downloading music count?
    • Is there plagiarism in math?
  • A more serious example
    The German Defense Minister resigned and his PhD was taken away because it was found that his thesis was plagiarized
    http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-europe-12608083
  • Policy for Academic Integrity:
    http://www.towson.edu/studentaffairs/policies/academicintegrity.asp
    Two Strike System
    100 reported cases a year
    One suspension a year
    What is the policy at Towson?
  • Why is it important to cite your sources?
  • Allows your readers to verify and identify your information
    Support your argument
    Gives credit to the owners of the ideas
    Not plagiarizing
    Get credit for your ideas!
    Required for your assignment!
    Why is it important to Cite your Sources?
  • Example A
    Original:
    Don't look for one of these tech heavyweights to knock out the other. Yet if history is any guide, Google's approach may win out over the long term. Recall that in the early 1980s Apple lost its lead in the PC market when Microsoft enlisted the aid of hordes of software developers and dozens of PC manufacturers. Now, if Google can marshal such a united front, Apple could again be swamped by the collective innovations.
    Student:
    Google's approach may win out over the long term. In the early 1980s Apple lost its lead in the PC market as Microsoft enlisted the aid of hordes of software developers and dozens of PC manufacturers.
  • Example A
    Original:
    Don't look for one of these tech heavyweights to knock out the other. Yet if history is any guide, Google's approach may win out over the long term. Recall that in the early 1980s Apple lost its lead in the PC market when Microsoft enlisted the aid of hordes of software developers and dozens of PC manufacturers. Now, if Google can marshal such a united front, Apple could again be swamped by the collective innovations.
    Student:
    Google's approach may win out over the long term. In the early 1980s Apple lost its lead in the PC market as Microsoft enlisted the aid of hordes of software developers and dozens of PC manufacturers.
  • Example B
    Original:
    Don't look for one of these tech heavyweights to knock out the other. Yet if history is any guide, Google's approach may win out over the long term. Recall that in the early 1980s Apple lost its lead in the PC market when Microsoft enlisted the aid of hordes of software developers and dozens of PC manufacturers. Now, if Google can marshal such a united front, Apple could again be swamped by the collective innovations.
    Student:
    History tells us that Google's approach may be successful over the long term. In the early 1980s Apple lagged in the PC market as Microsoft collaborated with software developers and dozens of PC manufacturers. Now, if Google would only summon a united front, Apple could again be swamped by the collective innovations (Burrows, 2009).
  • Example B
    Original:
    Don't look for one of these tech heavyweights to knock out the other. Yet if history is any guide, Google's approach may win out over the long term. Recall that in the early 1980s Applelost its lead in the PC market when Microsoftenlisted the aid of hordes of software developers and dozens of PC manufacturers. Now, if Google can marshal such a united front, Apple could again be swamped by the collective innovations.
    Student:
    History tells us that Google's approach maybe successful over the long term. In the early 1980s Apple laggedin the PC marketas Microsoft collaborated with software developers and dozens of PC manufacturers. Now, if Google would only summon a united front, Apple could again be swamped by the collective innovations (Burrows, 2009).
  • Example C
    Original:
    Don't look for one of these tech heavyweights to knock out the other. Yet if history is any guide, Google's approach may win out over the long term. Recall that in the early 1980s Apple lost its lead in the PC market when Microsoft enlisted the aid of hordes of software developers and dozens of PC manufacturers. Now, if Google can marshal such a united front, Apple could again be swamped by the collective innovations.
    Student:
    Google stands a chance of beating Apple if it can benefit from the pooled ideas of software developers and device manufacturers, following the strategy that Microsoft employed to Apple’s detriment in the early ‘80s.
  • Example C
    Original:
    Don't look for one of these tech heavyweights to knock out the other. Yet if history is any guide, Google's approach may win out over the long term. Recall that in the early 1980s Apple lost its lead in the PC market when Microsoft enlisted the aid of hordes of software developers and dozens of PC manufacturers. Now, if Google can marshal such a united front, Apple could again be swamped by the collective innovations.
    Student:
    Google stands a chance of beating Apple if it can benefit from the pooled ideas of software developers and device manufacturers, following the strategy that Microsoft employed to Apple’s detriment in the early ‘80s.
  • Example D
    Original:
    Don't look for one of these tech heavyweights to knock out the other. Yet if history is any guide, Google's approach may win out over the long term. Recall that in the early 1980s Apple lost its lead in the PC market when Microsoft enlisted the aid of hordes of software developers and dozens of PC manufacturers. Now, if Google can marshal such a united front, Apple could again be swamped by the collective innovations.
    Student:
    Burrows suggests that in the battle of the “tech heavyweights” Google might eventually prevail over Apple if it follows the strategy that Microsoft employed to Apple’s detriment during the early ‘80s: collaborating, and innovating, with software developers and manufacturers (2009, p. 25).
  • Example D
    Original:
    Don't look for one of these tech heavyweights to knock out the other. Yet if history is any guide, Google's approach may win out over the long term. Recall that in the early 1980s Apple lost its lead in the PC market when Microsoft enlisted the aid of hordes of software developers and dozens of PC manufacturers. Now, if Google can marshal such a united front, Apple could again be swamped by the collective innovations.
    Student:
    Burrows suggests that in the battle of the “tech heavyweights” Google might eventually prevail over Apple if it follows the strategy that Microsoft employed to Apple’s detriment during the early ‘80s: collaborating, and innovating, with software developers and manufacturers (2009, p. 25).
  • Different disciplines use different style manuals
    Social Sciences = American Psychological Association (APA)
    Humanities = MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers (MLA)
    Style Manuals
  • http://cooklibrary.towson.edu/styleGuides.cfm
    https://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/section/2/
    Library Resources for APA
  • Questions?
    Feel free to contact me:
    Laksamee Putnam
    lputnam@towson.edu
    410.704.3746.
    Twitter: @CookLibraryofTU
    Or any reference librarian:
    Visit Cook Library Reference Desk
    410.704.2462.
    IM – tucookchat