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Agenda Class discussion APA citation style APA worksheet Slides: http://slidesha.re/Xo3dY5
It’s out there, why not reuse it?www.msnbc.msn.com/id/32657885 Gabriel, Trip. “Plagiarism Lines Blur forImage by Duane Hoffmann Students in the Digital Age.” nytimes.com. The New York Times, 1 Aug 2010. Web. 14 Feb. 2012. <http://www.nytimes.com/2010/08/02 /education/02cheat.html>• What does intellectual property mean to you? Is it an important idea, why or why not?• With so much information out there, is there such a thing as an original idea? Does that mean you have to credit every single person?• How does plagiarism affect academia?
Pre-class citationCite this article: http://bit.ly/RYQ2NzKinlaw, C.R., Dunlap, L.L., & D’Angelo, J.A. (2012). Relations between faculty use of online academic resources and student class attendance. Computers & Education, 59(2), 167-172. doi:10.1016/j.compedu.2011.12.028
APA Style Citations
APA Style References
Style Manuals Differentdisciplines use different style manuals Social Sciences = American Psychological Association (APA) Humanities = MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers (MLA)
The point is… Acknowledge where you found the information Briefly identify the source Allows others to find additional information
What needs to be cited? Books Web Pages Magazine articles Graphics VHS,DVD, audio, etc. Government reports Statistics Encyclopedia articles Any source of information!
What needs to be cited? Directquotes Ideas borrowed Paraphrased material
In-text Citation needs: Direct Quote All authors’ last names Year of publication Page number Paraphrase All authors’ last names Year of publication
Direct Quote: In-text citation As researchers Yanovski and Yanovski (2002) have explained, obesity was once considered “either a moral failing or evidence of underlying psychopathology” (p. 592). OR A relationship is defined as “the interdependence between two or more people” (Coombs, 2001, p.106).
Direct Quote: In-text citation Longer than 40 words? Indented five spaces from left margin in block format Usually it is better to paraphrase
Paraphrase: In-text citation Original Paraphrase America today has In the United States, veered too far in the the education system direction of formal places too much emphasis on formal testing without testing, overlooking the adequate limitations and consideration of the expenses imposed costs and limitations when that assessment of an exclusive strategy is employed emphasis on that exclusively (Gardner, approach. 1993).
Paraphrase: In-text citation Original Paraphrase The Republican Contrary to many Convention of 1860 historians, Eric Foner … is sometimes seen argues that the as a symbol of Whig triumph within the Republican platform party. A closer look, of 1860 should not however, indicates be understood as an that the Whig’s indication of Whig triumph within the dominance of the party was of a very party (1995). tentative nature.”
In-text Citations More than one author Two authors Greenfield and Savage (1990) (Greenfield & Savage, 1990, p. 567) Three to five authors You must first identify all of the authors either in the signal phrase or the first citation. Terrace, Petitto, Sanders, and Bever (1979) believed… (Terrace, Petitto, Sanders, & Bever, 1979) After you have identified all, you may use “et al.” Terrace et al. (1979) stated…… (Terrace et al., 1979) Six or more authors Use first authors last name and then et al.
In-text Citations Organization as author Government or other organization Use organization name as author in signal phrase Use organization in parenthetical citation The National Institute of Mental Health (2001)… (National Institute of Mental Health, 2001)
Special cases Ifyou have more than one author with the same last name, use the first initial in the citation (Smith, A., 2002) Ifyou have more than one work in the same year by the same author, use letters a, b, c, etc. to indicate correct source (Entman, 2004a)
References The in-text citation must match up with the references entry Use the heading “References” at the top of a new page List entries alphabetically Author’s last name (if no author, then by organization name or title) Double space each entry No extra spaces between entries If over one line, entry should have a hanging indent
References – Books Create a reference for this book Book authors or editors: Last name First letter of first name and middle initial Date of publication: Book Title: Publication information: City and state Publisher
References – Books Create a reference for this book Book authors or editors: Grant, J. Date of publication: (1994). Book Title: I hate school!: Some common sense answers for educators & parents who want to know why & what to do about it Publication information: Rosemont, NJ: Modern Learning Press.
Book ExampleGrant, S. (1994). I hate school!: Some common sense answers for educators & parents who want to know why & what to do about it. Rosemont, NJ: Modern Learning Press.Notes:1. Periods must follow first letter of author’s name and middle initial, publication date, book title, and publisher.2. Book title is always in italics.3. Only capitalize the first letter of book title, any letter following a colon (:), and proper nouns.
References – Journals Create a reference for this journal article Article author: Last name First letter of first name and middle initial Date of publication: Article title: Periodical title: Publication information: Volume number and issue number (if available) Page numbers Digital Object Identifier number:
References – Journals Create a reference for this journal article Article author: Peleg, R., & Baram-Tsabari, A. Date of publication: (2011). Article title: Atom surprise: Using theatre in primary science education. Periodical title: Journal of science education & technology, Publication information: 20(5), 508-524. Digital Object Identifier number: doi:10.1007/s10956-011- 9299-yx
Journal ExamplePeleg, R., & Baram-Tsabari, A. (2011). Atom surprise: Using theatre in primary science education. Journal of science education & technology, 20(5), 508-524. doi:10.1007/s10956-011-9299-yNotes:1. Periods must follow first letter of author’s first and middle initial, publication date, article title, and publication information.2. A comma will follow the author’s last name, first initial (if more than one author), journal title and volume number.3. Article title is never italicized – always written normal.4. Always italicize: journal title, volume number, and the commas before and after volume number. Journal title follows capitol case lettering.5. Only capitalize the first letter of article title, any letter following a colon (:), and proper nouns.6. Place a space between author first name and middle initial
Journal Articles Extra Info Articles retrieved from a database such as EBSCO or PsycINFO do not need to include database information Articles not including a doi number should contain the journal URL after the page numbers such as Retrieved from http://js.sagamorepub.com/pe
Common KnowledgeQuandary Some examples: Waste not, want not. George Washington was the first president of the US The earth is round When in doubt, cite it.
Library Resources for APA
Practice creating citations Gohere to complete the plagiarism worksheet http://bit.ly/XkFpCC Please ask if you have questions! Please provide feedback for this session here http://bit.ly/11WBEVV
Questions? Feel free to contact me: Laksamee Putnam email@example.com 410.704.3746. Twitter: @CookLibraryofTU Or any reference librarian: Visit Cook Library Reference Desk 410.704.2462. IM – tucookchat