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A (very) brief history of US Internet safetyPresentation Transcript
A (very) brief history of US Internet safety Anne Collier Co-Director ConnectSafely.org
Internet safety lawsCDA – passed 1996, struck down in 1997 byU.S. Supreme Court in unanimous decisionCOPA – passed in 1998, immediatelyblocked by a federal court (only thebeginning of its story)CIPA – became law in 2000; challenged incourts. Supreme Court upheld but modifiedCIPA in 2004.
Internet safety education• 1st five years (‘95-’00): No research, law enforcement primary source, common sense• 2nd five years: 1st national task force; research emerged, but misrepresented• 3rd five years: Series of social-media panics
Decreased exposure to harm In the US, 2000-’10, children’s exposure to online pornography declined 12% Declines in nearly all youth social problems in US:
EU Kids Online: Risk vs. harm
US’s social-media technopanic
2008 ‘Berkman’national task forceReview of youth-risk research: Harassment & cyberbullying = most common risk Not all youth are equally at risk A child’s psychosocial makeup & environment are better predictors of online risk than the technology he or she uses No single technological development can solve youth online risk
Our report to Congress, June 2010...“Promote digital citizenship inpre-K-12 education as a nationalpriority.” – Youth Safety on a Living Internet: Report of the Online Safety & Technology Working Group