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power sector in india

power sector in india

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  • 1. POWER SECTOR
  • 2.
    • India has the fifth largest generation capacity in the world with an installed capacity of 152 GW as on 30 September 2009, which is about 4 percent of global power generation.
    • The top four countries, viz., US, Japan, China and Russia together consume about 49 percent of the total power generated globally.
    • The average per capita consumption of electricity in India is estimated to be 704 kWh during 2008-09.
    • However, this is fairly low when compared to that of some of the developed and emerging nations such US (~15,000 kWh) and China (~1,800 kWh).
  • 3. GENERATION CAPACITY
    • State government :- 51.5%
    • Central sector :- 33.1%
    • Private sector :- 15.4%
    • In line respective power generation share,the government sector (both central and state) have contributed 84.6% of the total capacity addition of 45,295 MW during 1999-00 and 2008-09, the private sector has contributed the balance 15.4%
  • 4. PRIVATE SECTOR
    • STERLITE – 2.05
    • TATA -7.4
    • RELIANCE-9.6
    • ADANI-4.6
    • LANCO-4.3
    • OTHERS-7.5
  • 5. The Status Ministry of Power, Government of India
  • 6. King Coal !
    • Reserves
      • Proven 91 billion Tons
      • Indicated 116 billion Tons
      • Inferred 37 billion Tons
      • TOTAL 245 billion Tons
    • Coal reserves: > 250 years at present levels of consumption
    • Concentrated in Eastern India
  • 7. Coal: Future Scenarios
    • Projections of coal demand (2015):
      • High growth : 580 MT
      • BAU scenario : 380 MT
      • Domestic production will not be enough. Imports needed
    • Issues:
      • Ash generation > 200 million Tons
      • CO2 emissions > 850 Million Tons
      • Particulate and NO x emissions (presently not regulated)
      • Coal transportation bottleneck: Rail transportation stagnation
  • 8. Hydro-Electricity
    • Inferred potential > 120 GW
    • Installed capacity 30 GW
    • Most big projects are in North-Eastern states of Arunachal Pradesh, Sikkim, Uttaranchal and J&K
    • Problems of rehabilitation and resettlement with large projects
    • Environmental issues
    • Water sharing agreements with neighbours
    National Hydro Power Corporation, Government of India
  • 9. Natural Gas
    • Fastest growing primary fuel, worldwide
    • Indian statistics (2009-10):
      • Consumption: > 31 BCM/year
      • Primary uses:
      • Power 41%
      • Fertilizer 32%
      • Sponge Iron 4%
      • Other 23%
      • Growing needs for transportation (and some cooking)
      • Latent demand estimated as high as 80 BCM (depends on price, of course)
  • 10. Wind Energy
    • Gross potential : 45,000 MW (assuming 1% land availability in potential areas)
    • Technical potential : 13,000 MW (assuming 20% grid penetration in potential areas)
    • Rapid growth in installed capacity from 1990s
    • India ranks 5 th in the world
      • Present installed capacity ~ 3000 MW
    • Site selection issues:
      • More from fiscal benefits than from power
      • Many plants not operating
      • Low average load factor~13%
    Global Wind Energy Council World Wind Installed Capacity (2009)
  • 11. Nuclear Power: The Present Status
  • 12. Indian Nuclear Program: The Present Status
    • 12 PHWR & 2 BWR now under operation
    • 4 PHWR and 2 LWR under commission
    • 2950 MW generation & 3000 MW under commission
    • Successful experiments with Fast Breeder Test Reactor (FBTR)
    • Prototype Fast Breeder Reactor (PFBR) for 500MWe under construction
    • Advanced Heavy Water Reactor (AHWR) using (Pu-Th) O2 MOX for 300MWe: advanced stage of design approval; construction soon to begin.
  • 13. THANK YOU

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