Porn & censorship

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Porn & censorship

  1. 1. PORNOGRAPHYPORNOGRAPHY&&CENSORSHIPCENSORSHIPAnna Tran & Michele MohammadiMr. BurrowsGrade 11
  2. 2. AgendaPornography Intro (stats, definition)Current Legislation on PornographyEffects of PornographyDoes pornography encourage sexual abuse?Case Study #1 – Canadian Revenue + VideoChild PornographyCase Study #2 – Child PornographyCensorship Intro (definition)Regulations of CensorshipCurrent Legislation on CensorshipInterviewQuestion time
  3. 3. Current Stats onCurrent Stats onPornPorn $$$$$$
  4. 4. Definition ofDefinition ofPornographyPornographyDefinition: To refer broadly to material that is sexually explicit, or more specificallyto sexual explicit material designed to produce sexual arousal in viewers. There aredifferent perspectives as to how pornography is viewed, this falls into personalpreferences between people and cultures making it difficult to trulydefine pornography.Where can you find it?
  5. 5. CurrentCurrentLegislatureLegislatureCurrent legal status concerning pornography in Canada, involving consentingCurrent legal status concerning pornography in Canada, involving consentingadults, is legal as long as it is not deemed obscene (offensive to moral principles).adults, is legal as long as it is not deemed obscene (offensive to moral principles).Examples of obscene pornography include:Examples of obscene pornography include:child pornographychild pornography,,fantasy violencefantasy violence,,rape/non-consentrape/non-consent,,non-humannon-human..Criminal law does no use the wordCriminal law does no use the word““pornography” but ratherpornography” but rather obscenityobscenity..Noted that crime, horror, cruelty and violence by themselves are not obscene; it isNoted that crime, horror, cruelty and violence by themselves are not obscene; it isonly when they are portrayed in combination with sex that obscenity exists foronly when they are portrayed in combination with sex that obscenity exists forlegal purposes.legal purposes.
  6. 6. What is deemed obscene?Considered an offence to mail obscene matter, or to provideConsidered an offence to mail obscene matter, or to providean “an “immoral, indecent or obsceneimmoral, indecent or obscene” theatrical performance” theatrical performance-> up to two years.-> up to two years.If community cannotIf community cannot toleratetolerate the presentation, distribution,the presentation, distribution,or publication as presented or published, the material isor publication as presented or published, the material isdeemed obscenedeemed obsceneCrime, horror, cruelty and violence by themselves are notCrime, horror, cruelty and violence by themselves are notobscene; it is only when they areobscene; it is only when they are portrayed in combinationportrayed in combinationwith sexwith sex
  7. 7. Can Porn Harmyou?YES NOEncourages sexualbehavior, could lead toincrease in sexual abuseDistorts the perceptionof sexDegrades women andmen, seen as sexualobjectsAgainst human natureCan help curiouspeopleIt is natural andhealthy, it helpsmasturbationEducationalWhat are yourWhat are your
  8. 8. Can porn harm you?...Scientific sources have created twoScientific sources have created two efficientefficient ways to answer thisways to answer thisquestion:question:statistical evidencestatistical evidence attempts to show a connection between theattempts to show a connection between theoccurrence of pornography and the frequency of violent crime by usingoccurrence of pornography and the frequency of violent crime by usingcharts, data, numberscharts, data, numbersexperimental evidenceexperimental evidence accounts of experiments that attempt to measureaccounts of experiments that attempt to measurethe reactions of individuals to the stimulus of pornography, inthe reactions of individuals to the stimulus of pornography, inparticular, aggressive or violent material.particular, aggressive or violent material. *This option is more viable*This option is more viableand accurate than the above.and accurate than the above.
  9. 9. Revenue Canada Employeesbrowsed porn...http://www.sunnewsnetwork.ca/sunnews/politics/archives/2013/02/20130221-170026.htmlDozens of Canada Revenue Agency employees are sanctioned every year for browsing porn sites,consulting colleagues and relatives tax files or transmitting confidential information. QMI Agencyuncovered the details in documents obtained though access to information.Over five years beginning in 2006, 927 misconduct cases were logged in CRA offices across thecountry. That works out to nearly 200 cases per year.Most cases involve misuse of government property or access to confidential taxpayer information.
  10. 10. ChildPornographyChild pornography is a visual representations of explicitChild pornography is a visual representations of explicitsexual activity involving anyone under the age of 18 orsexual activity involving anyone under the age of 18 ordepicted as being so.depicted as being so.Possession - punishable on summary conviction (punishablePossession - punishable on summary conviction (punishableby a fine of up toby a fine of up to $5 000$5 000 or six months jail or both)or six months jail or both)Section 163.1 of the Criminal Code enacted in 1993: prohibitsSection 163.1 of the Criminal Code enacted in 1993: prohibitsthe production, possession, and distribution and the sale ofthe production, possession, and distribution and the sale of“child pornography”.“child pornography”.In 2002, it was made an offence to “access” any childIn 2002, it was made an offence to “access” any childpornography when done “knowingly”pornography when done “knowingly”
  11. 11. Case Study #2TO BE ADDED
  12. 12. Part 2: CensorshipCensorship is the exercise of prior governmental control over what can beprinted, published, represented or broadcast.What is censored?Speech, artificial books, films, plays, photography, television, radio, internet,news reports.Who censors?Government, church, private pressure groups, speakers, writers and artists(self censorship), anyone.Why do they censor?A form of preventative censorship. Why? To avoid: Trouble, controversy,offending the audience, economic boycotts, lawsuits
  13. 13. Who regulatescensorship?*Canadian Broadcast Standard Council orCRTC. Has an adult broadcast viewingperiod" as the hours from 9:00 p.m. to 6:00a.m.. Usually involves sexually explicitmaterials or 18+ shows.*Ontario Board: one for each province inCanada suited for community standards.Has movie rating now (PG-13, 18+).Nothing is prohibited.*Regulated by government or Canadiancustoms for international books.
  14. 14. Technology &Technology &InternetInternetSince technology has evolved to such agreat extent. The evolution of sex, mediaand youth has changed as well.
  15. 15. Can a government legitimately prohibitcitizens from publishing or viewingpornography, or would this be an unjustifiedviolation of basic freedoms?Possible arguments:The Harmful Principle (Can porn harm you?)Pornography and offenceDifficulties of censoring “true” pornography (hard to legally define)Feminism
  16. 16. How can feminist support ofcensorship for pornographybackfire?
  17. 17. Trivia GameIdk michelle u do it

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