During World War II, between 1940 and 1945 the Nazis murdered more than one milion people in the camp : Jews, Poles, Gypsies, Soviet P.O.W's and other nationalities. Initially, Poles were sent, to Auschwitz, where many of them found their death.Then citizens of other countries of Nazi-occupied Europe became the victims of Auschwitz. The camp was considerably expanded to become the main site of the Holocaust, where European Jews were put to an instant death. Jews accounted for 90 per cent of all victims in KL Auschwitz.
In 1947 the Polish Parliament decided '' to forever preserve the area and facilities of the former camp as a place of international martyrdom.'' The State Museum was founded, which now covers an area of some 200 hectares, 150 buildings and ruins of 300 buildings. These include gas chambers and crematoria destroyed by the SS in an attempt to remove the traces of their crimes in the face of the approaching Red Army. The museum's collection includes thousands of objects left behind by the victims as well as tens of thousands of Nazi documents, photographs written testimonies, accounts and memoirs of former inmates , all of which are a reminder of the horrible history of KL Auschwitz.
AUSCHWITZ-BIRKENAU - Nazi death camp In memory of countless victims of Nazi genocide: Jews, Poles, Russians, Gypsies and other nationals who suffered and died in the Auschwitz-Birkenau death camp in the 1940-1945 period.