The Cloud Beckons, But is it Safe?

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The Cloud Beckons, But is it Safe?

  1. 1. The Cloud Beckons, But is it Safe? April 2012
  2. 2. The Cloud Beckons, But is it Safe? #12NTCCSecLaura QuinnMichael Enos
  3. 3. Evaluate This Session!Each entry is a chance to win an NTEN engraved iPad! or Online at www.nten.org/ntc/eval
  4. 4. Introductions Laura Quinn Executive Director Idealware Michael Enos Chief Technology Officer, Second Harvest Food Bank of Santa Clara and San Mateo Counties What are you hoping to get out of this session?
  5. 5. What is The Cloud?
  6. 6. The Lure of the CloudLow cost of entryEasy remote accessNo complex infrastructureBut what about security?
  7. 7. How Do YOU Feel About Cloud Security?
  8. 8. Why the Concern?
  9. 9. Cloud Security in the News
  10. 10. Under Siege To be on the Internet is to be vulnerable to attack. If you’re on the Internet, you’re in The Cloud
  11. 11. But We Do Lots of Things on the InternetWe shop onlineWe bank onlineWe post crazythings on Facebook Why is the cloud different? It’s not.
  12. 12. How Secure is Your On-Site Data? Do any of these sound familiar? • No one patches computers or is responsible for network security • You haven’t really thought about passwords or permissions • No disaster recovery plans • Staff hasn’t had any security training
  13. 13. Myth “We’re a tiny nonprofit. We’re safe because no one would target us for cyber attack.”
  14. 14. FactMany data security breachesare crimes of opportunity.Organizations don’t alwaysconsider the sensitivity of theirdata until it’s exposed.
  15. 15. Myth “Our data is safer not in the cloud”
  16. 16. A Cloud Data Center
  17. 17. Is This Your Server Closet?
  18. 18. What Does Security Mean?
  19. 19. The Three Pillars of Information Security
  20. 20. Confidentiality Information is available only to authorized parties.
  21. 21. Integrity Information isn’t modified inappropriately, and that you can track who made what change.
  22. 22. Availability Assurance that data is accessible when needed by authorized parties.
  23. 23. Also: Physical PossessionWhoever has thedata could, forinstance, turn itover to thegovernment
  24. 24. How Does This Apply to the Cloud?
  25. 25. Cloud SecurityThe use of the term “Cloud” is cloudy!Three general types of clouds: – Software-as-a-Service – Hosted Private Cloud – Co-located Private CloudAll three have different securitymodels
  26. 26. Software as a ServiceThe vendor owns and manages all aspects of the environment.For instance:
  27. 27. Hosted Private CloudThe vendor owns and manages the equipment only, but allsoftware is managed by the client. The equipment is on thevendors network. For instance:
  28. 28. Co-located Private CloudThe vendor provides the physical environment only in a datacenter, the client maintains the hardware and the software. Forinstance:
  29. 29. What Does Security Mean For You?
  30. 30. Rules for Absolute SafetyTurn off your Internetconnection.Allow no one access toyour data and systems. But let’s be realistic…
  31. 31. Know What You’re Protecting What kinds of data are you storing, and how sensitive are they? Think about its value on the open market.
  32. 32. Red Flags You need extremely tight security to store: • Donor’s credit card numbers. • Scanned images of checks. • Donor’s bank account information.
  33. 33. What’s Your Exposure?Consider the impact ofexposure of yourconfidential information,both in monetary terms andreputation.
  34. 34. What’s The Impact of an Outage?How much stafftime could youlose from a shortterm or prolongedoutage?
  35. 35. Testing Your On-Site SecurityHave you recently performed a: • Check on whether your systems have been recently patched? • Systems penetration test ? • Employee training on security procedures? • Backup/recovery test?If not, you’d likely increase your security by movingto the cloud.
  36. 36. A Multi-Level Security Model
  37. 37. Multi-Level Security is the Ideal
  38. 38. Physical Security• Guarded facilities• Protection of your hardware and devices• Power redundancy• Co-location (redundant facilities)
  39. 39. Network Security• Intrusion prevention• Intrusion detection• Firewalled systems• Network proactive anti-virus protection
  40. 40. Transmission SecurityIs data encrypted intransit?Is the networksecure?
  41. 41. Access Controls• Ensuring the right people have access to the right data• Physical access to the server• Training on appropriate passwords and security measures
  42. 42. Data Protection• Data encryption• Solid backup and restore policies• Ability to purge deleted data• Ability to prevent government entities from getting your data with a subpoena
  43. 43. What to Look For in a Vendor
  44. 44. Description of Security MechanismsDocumentation of all the facets ofsecurity, and the staff can talkabout it intelligently.Proves information security is onthe “front burner”
  45. 45. UptimeDo they provide any guarantee ofuptime? Any historic uptimefigures?Uptime figures are typically in 9s--99%, 99.9% or 99.99% Your connection to the internet may well be the weakest link.
  46. 46. Regulatory Compliance: HIPAADoes the vendor supportorganizations that need to becompliant with HIPAA (theHealth Insurance Portabilityand Accountability Act)?
  47. 47. Regulatory Compliance: SAS70 and SSAE16 Audit for security standards, hardware, and processes. Statement on Accounting Standards 70 (SAS70) Statement of Standards for Attestation Engagements 16 (SSAE16)
  48. 48. Regulatory Compliance: PCI DSS ComplianceIf you’re storing credit cardnumbers, your vendorneeds to be compliant withPCI DSS (Payment CardIndustry Payment DataSecurity Standard)
  49. 49. In Summary
  50. 50. Understand the Value of Your Data What is it worth to you? To others? What measures are appropriate to protect it?
  51. 51. Your Data Is No Safer Than You Make It Any computer attached to the internet is vulnerable unless you protect it. The cloud isn’t, in of itself, more or less secure
  52. 52. But Many Vendors Make Your Data Really SafeChoose vendors whoshow they’re seriousabout data protection(not all vendors arecreated equal).Consider a vendor’sregulatory compliance.
  53. 53. Questions?

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