The role of the railroads inthe life of British peopleDone by:Semenova Anna,102
What do we know about the“railroads”?• A railroad is a system of transport madeup of trains, tracks, stations, and otherequipment. Because railroads can carrylarge cargo over great distances in a singletrip, they use less fuel and produce lesspollution than cars and trucks.
The history overview• The idea of the railway traces it origins to Romans• By the 16th Century mining engineers used tramroadsfitted with wooden rails.• Around 1603 a tramroad was built to carry coal frommines Innovatively, the rails were fitted with sideboards so that they would guide normal wagon wheels.This is widely regarded as the first true railway in theworld.• In the beginning of the 19th Century the wagons werehauled by horses but, in 1804, Richard Trevithickdemonstrated the first practical steam locomotiveengine.
The Networks• The United Kingdom hastwo major rail networks:the network in GreatBritain and the NorthernIreland network.• The railway network inGreat Britain : 10,000miles of track and servesaround 2,500 stations.• The railway infrastructureis owned and operated byNetwork Rail.
• 4,928 km of track is electrified• 12,591 km is double or multiple tracks.• The maximum scheduled speed on the regularnetwork ~ 125 miles per hour (201 km/h) on the InterCity lines.• On High Speed 1, trains are now able to reach thespeeds of French TGVs.
The railway system in Great Britain• It is the oldest in the world;• the worlds first locomotive-hauled public railway openedin 1825.• In addition, some cities have separate rail-based masstransit systems• The British railway network is connected with that ofcontinental Europe by the Channel Tunnel• The UK has the 18th largest railway network in the world.• It is one of the busiest railways in Europe, with 20% moretrain services than France, 60% more than Italy, and morethan Spain, Switzerland, The Netherlands, Portugal andNorway combined.
XX and XXI century• Two projects: the Advanced Passenger Train(APT) and the High Speed Train (HST).• The 1980s were bad for railways in the UK.• By the 1990s steps were put in place to privatizethe railways once more.• 1994 - the official opening of the ChannelTunnel• High Speed 1 connecting the Channel Tunnel tocentral London opened in 2007
Railway stations• There are 2,516 passenger railway• Most date from the Victorian era.• Major stations lie in large cities, (e.g. Liverpool,Birmingham, Bristol, Cardiff, Edinburgh, Glasgow andManchester.• London is a major hub of the network, with 12 main-linetermini forming a "ring" around central London.• Birmingham, Leeds, Manchester, Glasgow, Bristol aremajor interchanges for many cross-country journeys thatdo not involve London.• Some important railway junction stations lie in smallercities and towns, for example York station, Crewe stationand Ely station.
High-speed rail• The internationaldefinition of high-speed rail embracesnew lines with a topspeed of at least 250km/h and existinglines with a topspeed of around 200km/h .
UK Ultraspeed• The UK Ultraspeed line is aproposed magnetic-levitation train line betweenLondon and Glasgow, linkingEdinburgh, Birmingham,Manchester and Newcastle,and with a spur to Liverpool.• This system would travel at500 km/h, a significantlyhigher speed than maximumconventional high-speed railspeeds of 300 to 380 km/h
The Royal TrainThe Royal Train is a set of railway carriagesdedicated for the use of the British Monarch, othermembers of the Royal Family, and their staff.The train enables members of the Royal Family tocarry out busy schedules over an extended period,in a secure environment which minimises disruptionand inconvenience to the public, whilst providingaccommodation, communication, staff and officefacilities.
• What type of network isit?• When did RichardTrevithick demonstratethe first practical steamlocomotive engine?• The idea of the railwaytraces it origins to …..?
Quiz!•Is the French TGVfaster than High-speed 1?•Do trains use morefuel and producemore pollution thancars and trucks?• What is the lengthof British track?• Is The UKconnected with thecontinent? What’sthe name of thisroad?