200 piaget0

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200 piaget0

  1. 1. Theory #4: Jean Piaget’s Theory of Cognitive Development <ul><li>Born in Switzerland in 1896 </li></ul><ul><li>Died in Switzerland in 1980 </li></ul><ul><li>Published his first paper by age 10 </li></ul><ul><li>Had his Ph.D. & published over 24 papers by age 21 </li></ul>
  2. 2. Jean Piaget’s Theory of Cognitive Development <ul><li>Knowledge is a process, not a thing to be possessed </li></ul><ul><li>Children actively select and interpret information in their environment, not passive sponges </li></ul>
  3. 3. Jean Piaget’s Theory of Cognitive Development <ul><li>Knowledge or cognition develops in 4 stages </li></ul><ul><li>Each stage is very different and cannot be skipped </li></ul><ul><li>Must master accomplishments of one stage before moving on to the next </li></ul>
  4. 6. Jean Piaget’s Theory of Cognitive Development <ul><li>Stage #1: Sensori-motor: </li></ul><ul><li>(ages birth to 2 years) </li></ul><ul><li>Reflexes </li></ul>
  5. 7. Jean Piaget’s Theory of Cognitive Development (1-4 months): Learning to control some aspects of behavior
  6. 8. Jean Piaget’s Theory of Cognitive Development (1-4 months) (Repeat & control some behaviors)
  7. 9. Jean Piaget’s Theory of Cognitive Development (4-8 months) (Repeat & control more behaviors)
  8. 10. Jean Piaget’s Theory of Cognitive Development (8-12 months) <ul><li>Action-based cognition of sensori-motor stage: goal-oriented behavior </li></ul>
  9. 11. Jean Piaget’s Theory of Cognitive Development: Object permanence
  10. 12. Piaget: Separation Anxiety during Sensorimotor Stage
  11. 13. Jean Piaget’s Theory of Cognitive Development (8-12 months): goal-directed behavior
  12. 14. Jean Piaget’s Theory of Cognitive Development: “Little Scientists” (12-18 months): “How can I make things work?”
  13. 15. Jean Piaget’s Theory of Cognitive Development: (12-18 months): “Make interesting things happen”
  14. 16. Jean Piaget’s Theory of Cognitive Development: “Little Scientists” (12-18 months)
  15. 17. Jean Piaget’s Theory of Cognitive Development: (18-24 months)
  16. 18. Jean Piaget’s Theory of Cognitive Development: (18-24 months) <ul><li>Become symbol users through language, pretend play </li></ul>
  17. 20. Jean Piaget’s Theory of Cognitive Development <ul><li>Stage #2: Preoperational </li></ul><ul><li>(ages 2-7 years) </li></ul><ul><li>Mental representation: </li></ul><ul><li>Use of symbols: language, pretend play, art </li></ul><ul><li>Egocentrism </li></ul>
  18. 21. Jean Piaget’s Theory of Cognitive Development: Stage 2: Preoperational: 2-7 years
  19. 22. Jean Piaget’s Theory of Cognitive Development: Stage 2: Preoperational: 2-7 years <ul><li>Mental representation </li></ul>
  20. 23. Jean Piaget’s Theory of Cognitive Development
  21. 24. Jean Piaget’s Theory of Cognitive Development: Stage 2: Preoperational: 2-7 years <ul><li>Mental representation </li></ul><ul><li>Transition from action-based cognition to symbol-based cognition </li></ul>
  22. 25. Piaget’s experiments on conservation
  23. 26. Jean Piaget’s Theory of Cognitive Development: Stage 3: Concrete Operations (ages 7-11 years)
  24. 28. Jean Piaget’s Theory of Cognitive Development: Stage 3: Concrete Operations
  25. 29. Jean Piaget’s Theory of Cognitive Development: Stage 3: Concrete Operations (ages 7-11 years)
  26. 31. Jean Piaget’s Theory of Cognitive Development: Stage 4: Formal Operations (ages 11-15 years)
  27. 32. Jean Piaget’s Theory of Cognitive Development: Stage 4: Formal Operations (ages 11-15 years)
  28. 33. Jean Piaget’s Theory of Cognitive Development: Stage 4: Formal Operations (ages 11-15 years)
  29. 34. Jean Piaget’s Theory of Cognitive Development: Stage 4: Formal Operations (ages 11-15 years to adulthood)
  30. 35. Jean Piaget’s Theory of Cognitive Development: Stage 4: Formal Operations (ages 11-15 years)
  31. 36. <ul><li>The End </li></ul>

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