The Characteristics of Tourism
Tourism resources have three main characteristics:
By tourism we usually mean tangible features that are considered
to be of economic value to the tourism sector. The sector and
tourists therefore has to recognize that a place, landscape or
natural feature is of value before it can become a tourism
Most tourism resources are not used exclusively by tourists.
Tourism shares the resource with agriculture, forestry, water
management or residents using local services.
Tourism resources are perishable. Not only are they vulnerable to
alteration and destruction by tourist pressure but also they are
perishable in another sense. Tourist services such as beds in
accommodation or ride seats in theme parks are impossible to
stock and have to be consumed when and where they exist.
TOURISM RESOURCES AT A
GLOBAL SCALE (LAND)
mountains, hill lands, plateaus and lowland plains
Puerto Princesa Underground River (Philippines)
Beach – extends from the foreshore to a landward
boundary formed by a line of cliffs, protective sand dunes
or a man-made feature such as a sea wall. There are
significant differences between beaches in terms of texture,
from fine-grained sand to coarse shingle, while colours can
vary from the usual buff to white and pink (where the sand
is derived from fragments of coral), contrasting with black
beaches of volcanic origin.
Coral reefs – a feature of oceanic islands and most
mainland coasts in the tropics, where sea temperatures
range between 23 and 29°C and the water is clear and of
moderate depth. The coral reef ecosystems are
extraordinarily diverse, but are highly vulnerable.
Coastal wetlands – consisting of estuaries, marshes and
Natural, including beaches, caves, scenic features and
wildlife (flora and fauna)
Man-made, but not originally designed to attract
Man-made and purpose built to attract tourists