RECYCLABLE AND BIO-BASEDDISPOSAL Prepared by: Annalyn Pena
INTRODUCTION The Dilemma: Staying competitive by reducing costs Waste hauling is a huge expense for a hotel Hotels’ no. one waste producers Tourism and Hospitality Industry demands – keep up with new trends = wider consumer base Recycling and Reducing waste = cost reduction: more profit!
Wastes - Types Municipal Solid Wastes - generated from households, offices, hotels, shops, schools and other institutions Industrial Solid Wastes - paper, packaging materials, waste from food processing, oils, solvents, resins, paints and sludges, glass, ceramics, stones, metals, plastics, rubber, leather, wood, cloth, straw, abrasives, etc. Agricultural Waste and Residues – manure/animal dung
Hotel Wastes Biodegradable (Wet) Waste Non-Biodegradable (Dry) Waste
Background of the Study What are ―Green‖ hotels? "Green" Hotels are environmentally-friendly properties that institute programs that save water, save energy and reduce solid waste—while saving money—to help PROTECT THE EARTH! Why should hotels be green? Being green goes directly to your bottomline Waste hauling is a huge expense for a hotel which can be lowered drastically through recycling and avoiding wastefully-packaged products. Being green means guests, staff and management are healthier.
―Green‖ Hotels and Restaurants Gayana Eco ResortIsland CoveHotel
Present System in Hotel WasteMgt At present Hotel waste generated by small restaurants is disposed off directly by the hotels at nearby collection spots In case of large four and 5 star hotels, the hotel waste is disposed off directly by the hotels through corporation or through private contractors to the dumping ground As per the observations of the hotel waste generated by hotels, around 70 to 75 % of the hotel waste is biodegradable and gets mixed with all the other type of waste when dumped at the collection spots
Waste Reduction and Recycling Much of the waste created in hotels is generated from: Within the Kitchen (organic food waste, packaging, aluminum cans, glass bottles, corks and cooking oils) housekeeping department (cleaning materials and plastic packaging) guest rooms and public areas, hotel gardens Offices –papers, staple wires, toner and ink cartridges
Recycling and Waste ReductionTips Food Waste Non-contaminated edibles Kitchen and table scraps Waste oils Beverages Serve carbonated beverages from a bev. gun or dispenser Buy and use dispenser for other beverages Buy whole coffee beans and grind them onsite
Recycling and Waste ReductionTips Have clearly labelled containers at all key work areas for each item you are recycling (bottles, cans, cardboard). Educate your staff on using these containers
Recycling and Waste ReductionTips Use refillable condiment bottles Use health department-approved, refillable condiment dispensers Paper Supplies: Ask for and purchase paper products made from recycled materials Styrofoam displaces in excess of four times the amount of storage and disposal volume than its paper equivalent does. Use straw-style stir sticks for bar beverages instead of the solid style
Recycling and Waste ReductionTips Use reusable coasters Janitorial and Restaurant Supplies Use reusable table linen and dinnerware Use cloth cleaning towels rather than the paper equivalents Consider using plastic trashcan liners made of recycled HDPE instead of ones made of LDPE or LLDPE. Purchase cleaning supplies in concentrate Use cleanable and reusable hats for kitchen employees instead of disposable paper ones.
BIOBASED MATERIALS A bio-based material is simply an engineering material made from substances derived from living matter. Bio-based materials are often biodegradable, but this is not always the case.Examples include: cellulose fibers-Fibers made from reconstituted cellulose. casein-A phosphoprotein extracted from milk during the process of creating low fat milk, it is processed in various ways to make: plastic, dietary supplements for body builders, glue, cotton candy, protective coatings, paints, and occurs naturally in cheese, giving it a creamy texture. polylactic acid-A polymer produced by industrial fermentation bioplastics-including a soy oil based plastic now being used to make body panels for John Deere tractors engineered wood-products such as oriented strand board and particle board zein-a natural biopolymer which is the most abundant corn protein cornstarch-the starch of the maize grain, used to make packing pellets grease- lubricants made from vegetable oils, including soybean oil, that can replace petroleum based lubricants
SUGGESTIONS/RECOMMENDATIONS hotels can look at options of in-situ composting, installation of small biomethanation plants in the premises etc. Direct collection of waste generated by hotels by corporation and its localized disposal Biobased materials Bio Sanitizer Biomethanation Composting/ Vermicomposting