eTwinning for Democracy
PDW Goteborg, Sweden, 6 November 2008
3. The Internet phenomenon
4. eTwinning & Democracy
What is Democracy?
It is derived from the Greek δηµοκρατία
([dimokratia] (help·info)), quot;popular
government” 5th - 4th Century BC
Do you know how many countries are in the world?
237 countries in the world
Do you know how many are democracies?
127 Electoral Democracies
Who is this man?
Theodore Parker from
‘Democracy is direct self-
government, over all the
people, for all the people, by all
And this man?
Gettysburg Address 1863
‘that all men are created equal.’
‘and that government of the
people, by the people, for the
people, shall not perish from the
The Consitution of the 5th Republic
States that the principle of the Republic of
quot;gouvernement du peuple, par le peuple et
pour le peuplequot;
a literal translation of Lincoln's words.
Wikipedia 5/11/2008 definition of
Even though there is no universally accepted
definition of 'democracy', there are two
principles that any definition of democracy
The first principle is that all members of the
society have equal access to power
the second that all members enjoy universally
recognized freedoms and liberties.
Another History lesson!
Now an accompanying measure to the Comenius programme
An initiative of the European Commission
to give an opportunity to as many EU
children as possible to communicate with
other children in other EU countries
using Information and Communication
Technologies at school.
2005 - Officially launched in January
2007 - Officially Integrated into the Life
Long Learning Programme
2013 - Due to run until this date
Central Support Service.
National Support Service
Run by the European
(1 in each country) Schoolnet on behalf of the
eTwinning is a portal :
• Which takes advantage of the possibilities offered by
the Internet and digital media
• to promote European school cooperation, collaborative
learning and project based pedagogy.
• eTwinning does not finance single projects but
supports them by offering tools and support.
Re-examine this sentence
European school cooperation
Project based pedagogy.
That teachers can only do these through
What has happened since 2005?
The Internet phenomenon
1. The Internet has changed
Pre 2004 Web 1.x
– Read the news
– Retrieve information
Essentially an online encyclopedia
Interactive & Creative Web 2.0
- make the news
- publish ideas
- create archives
- comment on events
Phases of the Web
At the Technet Summit in November 2006,
Reed Hastings, founder and CEO of Netflix,
stated a simple formula for defining the phases
of the Web:
–“ Web 1.0 was dial-up, 50K average
bandwidth, Web 2.0 is an average 1 megabit of
bandwidth and Web 3.0 will be 10 megabits of
bandwidth all the time, which will be the full video
Web, and that will feel like Web 3.0.
The Internet is democratic
Democracy and the Web
Editorial New York Times - Published: May 19, 2008
‘Users of the Internet take for granted their ability to access all
Web sites on an equal basis. That could change, however, if
Internet service providers started discriminating among
content, to make more money or to suppress ideas they do not
like. A new Net neutrality bill has been introduced in the
House, which would prohibit this sort of content
discrimination. Congress has delayed on this important issue
too long and should pass net neutrality legislation now.’
eTwinning for Democracy
Who can join eTwinning?
What are the rules of eTwinning?
Who can benefit from eTwinning?
What has happened in eTwinning since 2005?
September 2005 7000 teachers registered
6 Nov 2008: 47630 active members
Active project run at approximately 15% of this figure
Image of the network of connected eTwinning schools in Europe
eTwinning is not just about projects.
Projects are the outcome of a much larger
The process of community
To benefit from a media you must
understand the media
What is the future?
Teachers connected in groups 2008/2009
To collaborate and create together within and outside formal
–Maths & Science teachers
–European eTwinning ambassadors
– eTwinning learning events
– Professional development on line
– communities of practice based on pedagogical
To be connective & non bureaucratic
To offer recognition
To be supportive and offer
opportunity for professional
To have built in quality
assurance at national and
European level in the form
of Quality Labels
eTwinning also continues
To empower the teachers and pupils of
Europe to work together engaging and
To provide the tools to promote
understanding between schools of