View stunning SlideShares in full-screen with the new iOS app!Introducing SlideShare for AndroidExplore all your favorite topics in the SlideShare appGet the SlideShare app to Save for Later — even offline
View stunning SlideShares in full-screen with the new Android app!View stunning SlideShares in full-screen with the new iOS app!
What is Vocabulary? Different vocabularies: Receptive Productive Different meanings: Denotations-- literal Connotations– associations (ex: dictator)
Vocabulary effects Literacy Development… It’s all about comprehension! Vocabulary is the key to understanding more abstract ideas and deeper content within academic disciplines. Effects of socioeconomic class
Example . . . “Although the book of Ecclesiastes entertains death as an alternative to life and nonexistence as even more desirable, that is not Qoheleth’s final conclusion. For life is a gift of God, and man’s responsibility is to get the most out of it. The nihilistic note, therefore, is certainly sounded in Ecclesiastes, but its dissonance is resolved into the more realistic philosophy of pleasure. Death is not the greatest good, even though it is the common lot of all mankind.” (p. 37)
Developing Vocabulary in Content Areas Motivate students to be open to learning words by promoting a respect for language. Create a language-rich environment in which students can learn words through general acquisition. Teach specific words Teach students strategies for learning new words. Use assessment to monitor students’ vocabulary learning
1. Respect for Language “Having a word in our vocabulary means we can notice something. Each word is a flashlight that illuminates another corner of our experience.” (Patterson, 1984). “Without the word, there is nothing to anchor the experience in consciousness, and nothing to enable one to communicate about it to others.” P. 185
2. Create a Language-Rich Environment Reading out loud books a little beyond what students can do on their own. Pausing, thinking aloud, elaborating on words. Writing them on the board for visual learners Addressing word play Wall for multiple-meaning words and confusing phrases.
3. Content-Specific Terms By intermediate grades, vocabulary is given explicit time and attention. Many Basal readers include vocabulary lessons and lists. Three tiers of words: common/daily words (it, the, ball, pencil, think, hungry) Frequent encounters in school (improvement, undoubtedly, control group, infer, biography) Specialized vocabulary terms for a specific content (Secondary dominants, neoclassicism, polytonality) http://www.funbrain.com/scramble/index.html
4. New Word Strategies Context*ENGLISH ZONE* Semantics– study of meaning Morphology-- common affixes and roots References– dictionary, adults, other resources Memory– mnemonic devices *Teaching strategies is important to facilitate a lifetime of learning for your students!*