Verbs
Verbs <ul><li>A  verb  is a word the expresses an action, or a state of being. </li></ul>
Kinds of Verbs <ul><li>Action Verbs  –   show either a physical or mental action. </li></ul><ul><li>The plane  landed  at ...
Kinds of Verbs <ul><li>Linking Verbs  –   connect the subject with a noun or an adjective that identifies or describes the...
Kinds of Verbs <ul><li>Other linking verbs include: </li></ul>taste smell look feel stay seem grow become sound remain get...
Kinds of Verbs <ul><li>Auxiliary Verbs  –   verbs used with main verbs to form verb phrases. The most common auxiliary ver...
Characteristics of Verbs <ul><li>A verb is  transitive   when a person or thing directs the action toward someone or somet...
Active and Passive Voice <ul><li>Voice  tells whether the subject of the </li></ul><ul><li>sentence is the doer of the rec...
Moods of Verbs <ul><li>a. Indicative mood  – expresses something factual that has happened, is happening, or will happen. ...
Changes in Verb Form <ul><li>1.It changes form according to how it is formed. </li></ul><ul><li>2. It changes form in orde...
Verb Tenses <ul><li>Simple Tense </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Simple Present Tense </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Simple Past Tense <...
Verb Tenses <ul><li>Perfect Tense </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Present Perfect Tense </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Past Perfect Tens...
Simple Tenses <ul><li>Simple Present Tense </li></ul><ul><ul><li>base form + -s/es </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>expresses ac...
Simple Tenses <ul><li>Simple Past Tense </li></ul><ul><ul><li>base form + -d/ed </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>express action ...
Simple Tenses <ul><li>Simple Future Tense </li></ul><ul><ul><li>will / shall + base form </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>expres...
Progressive Tenses <ul><li>Present Progressive Tense </li></ul><ul><ul><li>present auxiliary verb + -ing form </li></ul></...
Progressive Tenses <ul><li>Present Progressive Tense </li></ul><ul><ul><li>past auxiliary verb + -ing form </li></ul></ul>...
Progressive Tenses <ul><li>Future Progressive Tense </li></ul><ul><ul><li>will / shall + be + -ing form </li></ul></ul><ul...
Perfect Tenses <ul><li>Present Perfect Tense </li></ul><ul><ul><li>has / have + past participle of the  </li></ul></ul><ul...
Perfect Tenses <ul><li>Past Perfect Tense </li></ul><ul><ul><li>had + past participle of the  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>v...
Perfect Tenses <ul><li>Future Perfect Tense </li></ul><ul><ul><li>will / shall + have + past participle of the verb </li><...
Perfect Progressive Form <ul><li>Present Perfect Progressive Form </li></ul><ul><ul><li>has/have + been + -ing form of the...
Perfect Progressive Form <ul><li>Past Perfect Progressive Form </li></ul><ul><ul><li>had + been + -ing form of the verb </...
Perfect Progressive Form <ul><li>Future Perfect Progressive Form </li></ul><ul><ul><li>will / shall + have + been +-ing fo...
Non-Verb Forms - Participles <ul><li>A participle must be in a verb string in order to behave as a verb. Without an auxili...
Non-Verb Forms - Participles <ul><li>Remember that  participles  are  parts  of verb strings. They need auxiliaries to do ...
Infinitives <ul><li>When the word  to  stands in front of the base form of a verb, it creates an  infinitive . An infiniti...
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Verbs

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Transcript of "Verbs"

  1. 1. Verbs
  2. 2. Verbs <ul><li>A verb is a word the expresses an action, or a state of being. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Kinds of Verbs <ul><li>Action Verbs – show either a physical or mental action. </li></ul><ul><li>The plane landed at the airport a while ago. (physical action) </li></ul><ul><li>Mother always hopes for the best. (mental action) </li></ul>
  4. 4. Kinds of Verbs <ul><li>Linking Verbs – connect the subject with a noun or an adjective that identifies or describes the noun or the pronoun. </li></ul><ul><li>The verb be is the most frequently used linking verb. Be, being, been, am, is, are, was, and were are its most common forms. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Kinds of Verbs <ul><li>Other linking verbs include: </li></ul>taste smell look feel stay seem grow become sound remain get appear
  6. 6. Kinds of Verbs <ul><li>Auxiliary Verbs – verbs used with main verbs to form verb phrases. The most common auxiliary verbs are forms of be, have, and do. </li></ul>must shall, should may, might will, would can, could have, has, had do, does, did be, been, am, is, was, were
  7. 7. Characteristics of Verbs <ul><li>A verb is transitive when a person or thing directs the action toward someone or something. The receiver of the action is called the object of the verb. </li></ul><ul><li>He wrote a beautiful poem. (a what? – a poem) </li></ul><ul><li>A verb is intransitive when the doer of the action does not direct the action toward someone or something. </li></ul><ul><li>The sky darkened . </li></ul>
  8. 8. Active and Passive Voice <ul><li>Voice tells whether the subject of the </li></ul><ul><li>sentence is the doer of the receiver of the </li></ul><ul><li>action. </li></ul><ul><li>The verb is in the active voice if the subject performs the action. </li></ul><ul><li>Mother gave me a new dress. </li></ul><ul><li>The verb is in the passive voice is the subject receives the action. </li></ul><ul><li>I was given a new dress by Mother. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Moods of Verbs <ul><li>a. Indicative mood – expresses something factual that has happened, is happening, or will happen. </li></ul><ul><li>Rommel eats quickly. </li></ul><ul><li>b. Imperative mood – is used for commands or requests. </li></ul><ul><li>Please stop at the next gas station. </li></ul><ul><li>c. Subjunctive mood – expresses a wish or statement contrary to fact. </li></ul><ul><li>If I were you, I would visit my family more often. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Changes in Verb Form <ul><li>1.It changes form according to how it is formed. </li></ul><ul><li>2. It changes form in order to agree in person and number with a noun or pronoun. </li></ul><ul><li>3. A verb also changes form to express tense. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Verb Tenses <ul><li>Simple Tense </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Simple Present Tense </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Simple Past Tense </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Simple Future Tense </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Progressive Tense (Continuous) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Present Progressive </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Past Progressive </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Future Progressive </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Verb Tenses <ul><li>Perfect Tense </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Present Perfect Tense </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Past Perfect Tense </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Future Perfect Tense </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Perfect Progressive (Continuous) Tense </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Present Perfect Progressive Tense </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Past Perfect Progressive Tense </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Future Perfect Progressive Tense </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. Simple Tenses <ul><li>Simple Present Tense </li></ul><ul><ul><li>base form + -s/es </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>expresses action happening at the present moment or action that happens habitually </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A strange noise comes from the basement. </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. Simple Tenses <ul><li>Simple Past Tense </li></ul><ul><ul><li>base form + -d/ed </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>express action or a state of being that took place in the past </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The students waited for the guest for more than four hours. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The president signed the peace treaty. </li></ul></ul>
  15. 15. Simple Tenses <ul><li>Simple Future Tense </li></ul><ul><ul><li>will / shall + base form </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>expresses an action that will take place sometime in the future; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>may also express a prediction or give an order </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The Zoom Master will play against the Gin- </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Makers on Sunday. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The candidate will surely win the pageant. </li></ul></ul>
  16. 16. Progressive Tenses <ul><li>Present Progressive Tense </li></ul><ul><ul><li>present auxiliary verb + -ing form </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>of the verb </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>shows action happening in the present or continuing action </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Look! That girl is waving at you. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>They are painting landscapes. </li></ul></ul>
  17. 17. Progressive Tenses <ul><li>Present Progressive Tense </li></ul><ul><ul><li>past auxiliary verb + -ing form </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>of the verb </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>express action or a state of being that took place in the past </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>I was writing my report when you called. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>When the principal came, the students were </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>doing their English projects. </li></ul></ul>
  18. 18. Progressive Tenses <ul><li>Future Progressive Tense </li></ul><ul><ul><li>will / shall + be + -ing form </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>of the verb </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>indicates future action </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>I was writing my report when you called. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>When the principal came, the students were </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>doing their English projects. </li></ul></ul>
  19. 19. Perfect Tenses <ul><li>Present Perfect Tense </li></ul><ul><ul><li>has / have + past participle of the </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>verb </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>describe an action in the past and continues to the present; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>also express an action that has been completed at some indefinite past </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The basketball player has had a lot of trouble with his knee. </li></ul><ul><li>We have waited long for this blessing. </li></ul>
  20. 20. Perfect Tenses <ul><li>Past Perfect Tense </li></ul><ul><ul><li>had + past participle of the </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>verb </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>express an action that was completed in the past at some time before another action took place </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Mariz had worked as a nanny before she graduated. </li></ul><ul><li>I had already left by the time the school bus came to pick me up. </li></ul>
  21. 21. Perfect Tenses <ul><li>Future Perfect Tense </li></ul><ul><ul><li>will / shall + have + past participle of the verb </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>used to express future action that will be completed before another future action </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>My brother will have graduated by 2005. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>In December, they will have known each other for a year. </li></ul></ul>
  22. 22. Perfect Progressive Form <ul><li>Present Perfect Progressive Form </li></ul><ul><ul><li>has/have + been + -ing form of the verb </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>indicates past action that continues to the present </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>I have been hoping you would call. </li></ul></ul>
  23. 23. Perfect Progressive Form <ul><li>Past Perfect Progressive Form </li></ul><ul><ul><li>had + been + -ing form of the verb </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>indicates past action that continues to the present </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Nico had been seeing Nikki a lot until summer. </li></ul></ul>
  24. 24. Perfect Progressive Form <ul><li>Future Perfect Progressive Form </li></ul><ul><ul><li>will / shall + have + been +-ing form of the verb </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>indicates a continuous action that will be completed at some point in the future </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>In another five minutes, we will have been </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>driving for five hours. </li></ul></ul>
  25. 25. Non-Verb Forms - Participles <ul><li>A participle must be in a verb string in order to behave as a verb. Without an auxiliary, a participle plays a non-verb role in its sentence. </li></ul><ul><li>Arriving home late, Priscilla RUSHED into the kitchen. She WAS THINKING about the burnt potatoes. </li></ul>
  26. 26. Non-Verb Forms - Participles <ul><li>Remember that participles are parts of verb strings. They need auxiliaries to do a verb's work. If a participle has no auxiliary in front of it, look elsewhere for the sentence's verb. </li></ul>
  27. 27. Infinitives <ul><li>When the word to stands in front of the base form of a verb, it creates an infinitive . An infinitive plays a non-verb role in its sentence. </li></ul><ul><li>To know him IS to love him. I WANT to bring him with me at Christmas. </li></ul>
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