Austrian Experience in Building Data Value Chain

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General Principles, Role and Policy of the State

General Principles, Role and Policy of the State

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  • 1. www.sti-innsbruck.at© Copyright 2013 STI INNSBRUCK www.sti-innsbruck.at Austrian Experience in Building Data Value Chain General Principles, Role and Policy of the State Anna Fensel and Dieter Fensel, University of Innsbruck Moscow, Russia, 15 July 2013
  • 2. www.sti-innsbruck.at Contents • Open government data developments in Austria • State of the art: data economy and Linked Data as an integration platform • Combining Open Data and Services – Tourist Map Austria • Conclusions
  • 3. www.sti-innsbruck.at Austrian BIGOpen Data developments
  • 4. www.sti-innsbruck.at Data.gv.at 4
  • 5. www.sti-innsbruck.at Data.gv.at (Vienna) 5
  • 6. www.sti-innsbruck.at Open Data Vienna Challenge Contest 6 50 apps with OGD Vienna - now nearly 80! (March 2013) https://www.newschallenge.org/open/open-government/submission/open-government-city-of-vienna/
  • 7. www.sti-innsbruck.at Why a Data Economy? • New businesses can be built on the back of these data: Data are an essential raw material for a wide range of new information products and services which build on new possibilities to analyse and visualise data from different sources. Facilitating re-use of these raw data will create jobs and thus stimulate growth. • More Transparency: Open data is a powerful tool to increase the transparency of public administration, improving the visibility of previously inaccessible information, informing citizens and business about policies, public spending and outcomes. • Evidence-based policy making and administrative efficiency: The availability of solid EU-wide public data will lead to better evidence-based policy making at all levels of government, resulting in better public services and more efficient public spending. 7 See: http://europa.eu/rapid/pressReleasesAction.do?reference=MEMO11/891&format=HTML&aged=0&language=EN&guiLanguage=en
  • 8. www.sti-innsbruck.at Linked Open Data – silver bullet for data integration • Linked Open Data can be seen as a global data integration platform – Heterogeneous data items from different data sets are linked to each other following the Linked Data principles – Widely deployed vocabularies (e.g. FOAF) provide the predicates to specify links between data items • Data integration with LOD requires: 1. Access to Linked Data • HTTP, SPARQL endpoints, RDF dumps • Crawling and caching 2. Normalize vocabularies – data sets that overlap in content use different vocabularies • Use schema mapping techniques based on rules (e.g. RIF, SWRL) or query languages (e.g. SPARQL Construct, etc.) 3. Resolve identifies – data sets that overlap in content use different URIs for the same real world entities • Use manual merging or approaches such as SILK (part of Linked Data Integration Framework) or LIMES 4. Filter data • Use SIVE ((part of Linked Data Integration Framework) 8 See: http://www4.wiwiss.fu-berlin.de/bizer/ldif/
  • 9. www.sti-innsbruck.at Combining Open Data and Services – Tourist Map Austria • Use LOD to integrate and lookup data about – places and routes – time-tables for public transport – hiking trails – ski slopes – points-of-interest 9
  • 10. www.sti-innsbruck.at Combining Open Data and Services – Tourist Map Austria LOD data sets • Open Streetmap • Google Places • Databases of government – TIRIS – DVT • Tourism & Ticketing association • IVB (busses and trams) • OEBB (trains) • Ärztekammer • Supermarket chains: listing of products • Hofer and similar: weekly offers • ASFINAG: Traffic/Congestion data • Herold (yellow pages) • City archive • Museums/Zoo • News sources like TT (Tyrol's major daily newspaper) • Statistik Austria • Innsbruck Airport (travel times, airline schedules) • ZAMG (Weather) • University of Innsbruck (Curricula, student statistics, study possibilities) • IKB (electricity, water consumption) • Entertainment facilities (Stadtcafe, Cinema...) • Special offers (Groupon)
  • 11. www.sti-innsbruck.at Combining Open Data and Services – Tourist Map Austria • Data and services from destination sites integrated for recommendation and booking of – Hotels – Restaurants – Cultural and entertainment events – Sightseeing – Shops 11
  • 12. www.sti-innsbruck.at • Web scraping integration • Create wrappers for current web sites and extract data automatically • Many Web scraping tools available on the market Combining Open Data and Services – Tourist Map Austria 12
  • 13. www.sti-innsbruck.at Combining Open Data and Services – Tourist Map Austria 13 • Based on Open Street Map (as e.g. implemented by a Tyrolean region Zillertal) • Increase on-line visibility for hotels and destinations via multi-channel communication – SCEI • Hotels, ski passes, etc. are directly bookable – seekda engine • LOD to integrate and lookup data about hiking trails, ski slopes, etc. • On the fly service integration as you pay LODSCEI
  • 14. www.sti-innsbruck.at Zillertal region in Tyrol: a real-life example of user-generated Open Data and its usage 14
  • 15. www.sti-innsbruck.at What can the big learn from the small? BIG is a relative notion
  • 16. www.sti-innsbruck.at Something BIGGER for Open Data Visibility in and Outside of Russia? Open Olympics Sochi 2014 16 Source: rian.ru
  • 17. www.sti-innsbruck.at Open Olympics 2014 • High national and international visibility of the Open Data initiative • Promotes Russia as an innovative IT location • Open Data can be used to enrich on-line presence of touristic destination and can so mature the achieved progress • General: Allow others to build services on top of the government data you have anyway 17 Thank you for your attention