Panduan Kuliah di Australia

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  • 1. STUDY IN AUSTRALIA 2012www.easyuni.com 2TABLE OF CONTENTSTABLE OF CONTENTS..........................................................................................2#1 COUNTRY INFO ..........................................................................................31. TIME AND WEATHER..............................................................................42. LANGUAGES...........................................................................................53. CURRENCY ............................................................................................. 54. SECURITY ............................................................................................... 65. DINING...................................................................................................76. SHOPPING............................................................................................ 107. POSTAL SERVICE................................................................................... 118. BANKING SERVICE ................................................................................ 12#2 ACCOMMODATION ................................................................................. 121. Living in Australia................................................................................. 132. Property & Real Estate......................................................................... 14#3 TRANSPORTATION................................................................................... 16#4 COST OF LIVING ....................................................................................... 18Version 2.0 – Updated 10thAug 2012
  • 2. STUDY IN AUSTRALIA 2012www.easyuni.com 3#1 COUNTRY INFOAustralia is officially the Commonwealthof Australia. It is a country thatconsisting the mainland of theAustralian continent, the island ofTasmania, and several smaller islands. The neighboring countries areIndonesia, East Timor and Papua New Guinea to the north; the SolomonIslands, Vanuatu and New Caledonia to the north-east; and New Zealandto the south-east.Australia consists a land area of approximately 7.692 million squarekilometers. It is the worlds sixth largest country after Russia, Canada,China, the United States of America and Brazil. It is also the only one ofthe largest six nations that is completely surrounded by sea as the Indianand Pacific oceans. It is separated from Asia by the Arafura and Timorseas, with the Coral Sea lying off the Queensland coast, and the TasmanSea lying between Australia and New Zealand.Australia has six states such as New South Wales, Queensland, SouthAustralia, Tasmania, Victoria, andWestern Australia and two majormainland territories as the NorthernTerritory and the Australian CapitalTerritory (ACT).Each of the state and major mainlandterritory has its own parliament—unicameral in the Northern Territory,the ACT, and Queensland, andbicameral in the other states. The states are sovereign entities, althoughsubject to certain powers of the Commonwealth as defined by theConstitution.Australia is a safe, friendly and harmonious country. Political unrest islimited in Australia, crime rates are low and strict gun control laws providea safe environment. Australians value the wealth of cultural diversity andsocial sophistication that international students bring to our campuses andcommunities.Share This Ebook!
  • 3. STUDY IN AUSTRALIA 2012www.easyuni.com 4Australians are open, friendly peopleand always provide warm welcome toeveryone. You may find yourself struckby the friendliness and hospitality of thepeople once you arrived, just toimagine: “you’ve left your countrybehind, yet somehow, you’ve arrivedhome”.1. TIME AND WEATHERAustralia Time ZoneAustralia spans three time zones, but the ACT, New South Wales, Victoria,South Australia and Tasmania also operate daylight saving which usuallybegins from the last weekend in October and runs to the first weekend inApril.South Australia: GMT + 9.5 (GMT + 10.5 from first Sunday in October tofirst Sunday in April).Tasmania: GMT + 10 (GMT + 11 from first Sunday in October to firstSunday in April).Queensland: GMT + 10 (no daylight saving).Victoria: GMT + 10 (GMT + 11 from first Sunday in October to firstSunday in April).New South Wales: GMT + 10 (GMT + 11 from first Sunday in October tofirst Sunday in April)Australian Capital Territory: GMT + 10 (GMT + 11 from first Sunday inOctober to first Sunday in April).Western Australia: GMT + 8 (Western Australia rejected daylight saving inits fourth referendum on the issue in 2009).Northern Territory: GMT + 9.5 hours (no daylight saving).
  • 4. STUDY IN AUSTRALIA 2012www.easyuni.com 5Australia WeatherAustralia is in the southern hemisphere and the seasons are opposite tothose in Europe and North America. There are two climatic zones: thetropical zone (in the north above the Tropic of Capricorn) and thetemperate zone. The tropical zone (consisting of 40% of Australia) hastwo seasons, summer (‘wet) and winter (‘dry), while the temperate zonehas all four seasons.Spring to summer (October to March): Warm orhot everywhere, tropical in the north, and warmto hot with mild nights in the south.Autumn to winter (April to September): Northernand central Australia have clear warm days andcool nights; the south has cool days withoccasional rain but still plenty of sun. Snow istotally confined to mountanious regions of thesoutheast.2. LANGUAGESLanguages in AustraliaThe major spoken language in Australia is English. There are also manyother languages retained by minorities, including Italian, German, Greek,Vietnamese, Chinese dialects and Aboriginal languages.3. CURRENCYCurrency & DenominationThe currency used in Australia is Australian Dollar (AUD; symbol A$) =100 cents. Notes are in denominations of A$100, 50, 20, 10 and 5, whilecoins are in denominations of A$2 and 1, and 50, 20, 10 and 5 cents.
  • 5. STUDY IN AUSTRALIA 2012www.easyuni.com 6Exchange Rate Indicators1.00 GBP = 1.56 AUD1.00 USD = 0.96 AUD1.00 EUR = 1.23 AUD*Currency conversion rates as of20 September 2012.Exchange facilities are available for all incoming and outgoing flights at allinternational airports in Australia. International-class hotels will exchangemajor currencies for guests. It is recommended that visitors changemoney at the airport or at city banks.4. SECURITYSecurity in AustraliaThe current Prime Ministers of Australia is Julia Gillard since June, 2010and she is the first female Prime Minister of Australia. All individual statesand territories in Australia have their own autonomous legislative,executive and judicial systems (though certain powers remain under thejurisdiction of the federal government).
  • 6. STUDY IN AUSTRALIA 2012www.easyuni.com 7Head of StateAustralias Head of State is the Queen of Australia, Her Majesty QueenElizabeth II. Under the Australian Constitution, the executive power of theCommonwealth is vested in the Queenand is exercised by the Governor-General as the Queens representative.The Governor-General is appointed bythe Queen on the advice of the PrimeMinister of Australia.GovernmentThe bicameral Federal Parliamentholds legislative power. Both chambersare elected by universal adult suffrage.The 76-member Senate serves a six-year term, while the House ofRepresentatives is voted in every three years. The Prime Minister is theleader of the largest party in the Lower House and wields executive powerat the head of a Cabinet of Ministers. The Queen of England is formallyhead of state, represented locally by a Governor General. Each ofAustralia’s six states also has its own directly elected legislature, enjoyingconsiderable autonomy in areas such as health, education and transportpolicy.5. DININGDining in AustraliaSeafood is an integral part of the cuisine scene in all its shelled and scaledforms. Production of organic foods is increasing and available in the citiesand larger towns. There are fine dining restaurants throughout the largercities, particularly Melbourne and Sydney, while regional food markets andincreasing numbers of food festivals acrossthe states are a great way to sample localproduce.National specialties:• Sydney rock oysters.• Barramundi (freshwater fish).• Moreton Bay bugs (a shellfish).
  • 7. STUDY IN AUSTRALIA 2012www.easyuni.com 8• Macadamia nuts.• Kangaroo.National drinks:• Australian wine, especially Coonawarra, Clare Valley, Barossa Valley,Hunter Valley and Margaret River.• Australian beer, including Coopers, Cascade, James Squire, LittleCreatures and Matilda Bay.
  • 8. STUDY IN AUSTRALIA 2012www.easyuni.com 9
  • 9. STUDY IN AUSTRALIA 2012www.easyuni.com 106. SHOPPINGShopping in AustraliaAustralians like to shop, as evidenced by thehuge variety of local- and international-brand shops, and the crowds that gather atevery clearance sale. Big cities can satisfymost consumer appetites with everythingfrom high-fashion boutiques to second-handemporiums, while many smaller places tendtowards speciality retail, be it home-grownproduce, antiques or arts and crafts. Be sureto check these places such like BrunswickSt, Fitzroy (Melbourne), Oxford St,Paddington (Sydney), Ann & Brunswick Stsintersection, Fortitude Valley (Brisbane) andOxford St, Leederville (Perth).Markets are a great place to shop too,especially for a bargain, and most cities have at least onepermanent bazaar, such as Hobarts Salamanca Market. Melbourneand Sydney have a couple – do try the Queen Victoria Market inMelbourne or the Paddington Market in Sydney. Alternativemarkets on the New South Wales north coast, such as the one atNimbin, are also worth a visit.Opening hours for most stores in the cities are Mon-Fri 0900-1730, Sat0900-1700.Late-night shopping is available on Friday to 2100 in Melbourne,Adelaide, Brisbane, Hobart and Darwin. Also, late-night shopping isavailable on Thursday at the same times in Sydney, Canberra and Perth.Major stores in some states are open Sun 1000-1600 while mostsupermarkets are open until 2000, and are sometimes 24-hour. Cornerstores, restaurants and snack bars are open in most cities until well intothe night.
  • 10. STUDY IN AUSTRALIA 2012www.easyuni.com 117. POSTAL SERVICEPostal Services in AustraliaThere are post offices in all the main townsof every state. Stamps are often available athotel and motel reception areas and selectednewsagents.There are several basic postal services andproducts that provided by the Australia Postsuch as prepaid mailing products, packagingproducts, paper supplies and so on.Post office operating hours: Mon-Fri 0900-1700; some post office arealso open Sat 0900-1200.
  • 11. STUDY IN AUSTRALIA 2012www.easyuni.com 128. BANKING SERVICEBanking in AustraliaBanking services in Australia are extremely competitive. There are morethan 20 local and numerous international banks represented in Australiaand all major banks have many branches in each city and regional centre.Major banks in Australia include the Commonwealth Bank, ANZ, Westpac,National Australia Bank (NAB) and St George.Normal trading hours are 9:30am to 4:00pm on Monday to Thursday and9:00am to 5:00pm on Fridays. Most of the banks are closed on Saturdaysand Sundays, however some institutions are opening for short periods onSaturday mornings.Banks operating hours: Mon-Thurs 0930-1600, Fri 0930-1700. Thesehours may vary slightly throughout the country.
  • 12. STUDY IN AUSTRALIA 2012www.easyuni.com 13#2 ACCOMMODATION1. LIVING IN AUSTRALIADepending on your place of study, there are several types ofaccommodation arrangements you can pursue:Homestay: A$110–270 a weekHomestay is a great way for younger international students to immersethemselves in Australian life, and benefit from the safety and supervisionof adults. Meals are usually included in the cost, but self-cateringHomestay is sometimes available. Single or shared rooms are available.Institutions maintain registers of families who board international studentsduring the academic year. Institutions check that these families arereputable and offer accommodation at a reasonable standard.Hostels and guest houses: A$80–135 a weekHostels are usually run by organisations such as Youth Hostels Australiaand the Young Mens Christian Association (YMCA). Students share kitchenand bathroom facilities.Shared accommodation: A$70–250 a weekRental accommodation: A$100–400 a weekSharing off-campus accommodation is very popular with internationalstudents. You should look for advertisements on campus notice boardsand local newspapers. Expect that you will have to provide your ownfurniture.When renting a house, apartment or bed sitter, landlords require rent tobe paid in advance, and will require a security bond equal to one months’rent.Boarding schools: A$10,000–20,000 a yearMany private secondary schools provide accommodation, meals andlaundry services for international students.Note: Tuition fees are in addition to the boarding fees.Campus accommodation: A$80–250 per weekMost universities and some vocational institutions offer a variety ofaccommodation on or near campus, such as apartments, residentialcolleges or halls of residence. The cost varies on the type ofaccommodation.
  • 13. STUDY IN AUSTRALIA 2012www.easyuni.com 14Residential colleges are slightly more expensive and provideaccommodation with meals. They may also have sporting and socialfacilities, tutoring, libraries and computer facilities.Halls of residence are located on or near institution campuses. Studentsusually have meals and some cleaning services provided. Students needto apply early because demand for places is high.
  • 14. STUDY IN AUSTRALIA 2012www.easyuni.com 152. PROPERTY & REAL ESTATEProperty & Real Estate AgentsContact the Australian Real Estate for more information on housingoptions and current rates.Tel: 1300 134 174 (8:30am – 5:30pm ESDST)Fax: 1300 134 554For more information: http://www.realestate.com.au/buy
  • 15. STUDY IN AUSTRALIA 2012www.easyuni.com 16#3 TRANSPORTATIONPublic TransportationAustralia cities have excellent public (and private) transport systemswhich are very convenient for the people around to travel. There arevarious public transport in Australia such as bus, ferry, Metro Light Rail &Monorail, train, and etc. Different capital city has its own best publictransport to get around and the following is the breakdown list:Sydney: Bus, Ferry, Metro Light Rail & Monorail, TrainMelbourne: Bicycle, Bus, Train, TramBrisbane: Boat, Bus, TrainPerth: Boat, Bus, TrainAdelaide: Bus, TrainDarwin: Bus, TaxiHobart: BusCanberra: BusBus in AustraliaA Tram in MelbourneTrain in Australia
  • 16. STUDY IN AUSTRALIA 2012www.easyuni.com 17Taxi in AustraliaA ferry in SydneyHarbour
  • 17. STUDY IN AUSTRALIA 2012www.easyuni.com 18#4 COST OF LIVINGCost of Living in AustraliaFrom 1 January 2010, the basic rate of living costs under the Migrationregulations increased. Under these regulations prospective student visaapplicants and their family members must have access to the followingfunds to meet the living costs requirements: A$18,000 a year for the main student; A$6,300 a year for the student’s partner; A$3,600 a year for the student’s first child; and A$2,700 a year for every other child and where required.Students must demonstrate that the funds they are relying upon to meetthe costs of studying in Australia will be genuinely available to themduring their stay in Australia.The figures above are indicative only and that costs can vary significantlydepending on where you live in Australia. You should be prepared in caseyour living costs are greater than the indicated figures.For more information visit www.immi.gov.auExpenditures are dependent on the chosen course, education institution,duration of study and your preferred lifestyle. The main expenses forforeign students are:1. Visa application2. Registration Fees3. Deposit4. Computer/ Science Laboratory Fee5. Insurance Premium6. Library Fees7. Other Incidental CostsOther indirect costs may include thefollowing:1. Accommodation - shared-lodging orprivate accommodation2. Foods and Beverages
  • 18. STUDY IN AUSTRALIA 2012www.easyuni.com 193. Travelling4. Telecommunication5. Laundry6. Entertainment7. Personal Care andGrooming8. Postage9. Hospital treatment andmedical services10. Books and StationeryBreakdown of Living Cost in AustraliaThe average international student should be prepared to spendapproximately A$1540 to A$3980 per month for living expenses in thevicinity of a city. The cost is broken down as below : AccommodationYou should estimate about A$320 to A$1400 for youraccommodation per month. The rental will vary depending on thegeographical area, the type of accommodation (on-campus living ina hall of residence; or off-campus living in an apartment,condominium, singlestory house, double-storey house, etc.), thefacilities provided in the house (e.g. with or without air-conditioning)and of course, the number of people sharing the room (or theapartment/house). Food / HousekeepingYour food and housekeeping expense is estimated to be aroundA$540 to A$1800. This is based on about A$18 to A$60 for threemeals per day. Naturally, if youcook and share the cookingexpenses with your friends, itwould be cheaper. Public TransportStudents who stay on campusor near campus may not incurany cost of travelling to andfrom classes. However, other
  • 19. STUDY IN AUSTRALIA 2012www.easyuni.com 20travelling may cost approximately A$120 per month. Telecommunication / Mobile Phone Bills and UtilitiesThe average student may spend approximately A$150 ontelecommunication or mobile phone bills per month. Books, Reading Materials and StationeryWe have estimated the cost to be approximately A$100 per month,but it would largely depend on the course you have signed up forand and the number and nature of projects in your course. Personal ExpensesHow much your personal expenses would be per month woulddepend on your personal lifestyle. However, the cost can beestimated to be between A$ 200 and A$300. This includes yoursocialising needs, toiletries, haircut, clothes, movie, etc.Using the estimate above, the total cost of living will average frombetween A$1430 to A$3870 per month or about A$17160 to A$46440 peryear (12 months) for a student.It is important to remember that the above estimate is only a guide inplanning your budget to study in Australia. Individual expenses will varyaccording to the location you are at, course taken and your personallifestyle.
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  • 22. STUDY IN AUSTRALIA 2012www.easyuni.com 23Share This Ebook!