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  • 1. COMPUTER APPLICATION & ITS USAGE IN 10/24/2013 VARIOUS FIELD
  • 2. CONTENTS THE WORD COMPUTER  computer software  Types of software  Application software classification  The use of computer application software in various fields  Banking  Traffic light control  Sports  Music  Hospitals  Business  Education  Accounting 10/24/2013 
  • 3. THE WORD COMPUTER according to a set of instructions. the first electronic computers were developed in the mid-20th century (1940–1945) Modern computers based on integrated circuits are millions to billions of times more capable that the early machines, and occupy a fraction of space 10/24/2013 A computer is a machine that manipulates data
  • 4. WHAT IS COMPUTER SOFTWARE? 10/24/2013 Computer software, or just software, is the collection of computer programs and related data that provide the instructions telling a computer what to do and how to do it.  We can also say software refers to one or more computer programs and data held in the storage of the computer for some purposes. 
  • 5. TYPES OF SOFTWARE 10/24/2013 System software provides the basic functions for computer usage and helps run the computer hardware and system. It includes a combination of the following:  device drivers  operating systems  servers  utilities  window systems 
  • 6. PROGRAMMING SOFTWARE 10/24/2013 Programming software usually provides tools to assist a programmer in writing computer programs, and software using different programming languages in a more convenient way. The tools include:  compilers  debuggers  interpreters  linkers 
  • 7. APPLICATION SOFTWARE 10/24/2013 Application software is developed for some certain purpose, which either can be a certain program or a collection of some programs  Application software allows end users to accomplish one or more specific (not directly computer development related) tasks Typical applications include:  industrial automation  business software  medical software  molecular modeling software  spreadsheet 
  • 8. APPLICATION SOFTWARE CLASSIFICATION 10/24/2013 An application suite consists of multiple applications bundled together. They usually have related functions, features and user interfaces, and may be able to interact with each other E.g. Microsoft Office, OpenOffice.org o Enterprise software addresses the needs of organization processes and data flow, often in a large distributed environment. (Examples include financial systems 
  • 9. APPLICATION SOFTWARE CLASSIFICATION   Educational software is related to content access software, but has the content and/or features adapted for use in by educators or students.. Simulation software are computer software for simulation of physical or abstract systems for either research, training or entertainment purposes. Product engineering software is used in developing hardware and software products. This includes computer aided design (CAD), computer aided engineering (CAE), computer language editing and compiling tools, Integrated Development Environments, and Application Programmer Interfaces. 10/24/2013 
  • 10. THE USE OF COMPUTER APPLICATION SOFTWARE IN VARIOUS FIELDS:10/24/2013 Banks use computers application: For MICR (Magnetic Ink Character Recognition).  For EFTPOS (Electronic Fund Transfer at Point Of Sale).  For EDI (Electronic Data Interchange).  To administer the credit and debit card systems.  To combat credit and debit card crime  For clearing cheques via the BACS (Bankers’ Automated Clearing Service).  To run their network of ATMs (Automatic Teller Machines [‘hole in the wall machines’]).
  • 11. SOME ADVANTAGES & DISADVANTAGES OF Reducing cost  Convenience  Efficiency  Transaction speed  Disadvantages  Start-up may take time  The trust thing  Learning curve 10/24/2013 BANKING APPLICATION SOFTWARE
  • 12. PACKAGES AVAILABLE IN BANKING 10/24/2013 The IT Packages and services available in India can be broadly classified into the following 5 types:  Stand- alone branch-level packages.  Multi-branch solutions.  Foreign Packages.  Packages for specialized niche areas.  Service Branch / high-volume transaction processing packages.
  • 13. TO HELP SOLVE CRIME THE POLICE USE: 10/24/2013 The Police National Computer (PNC) keeps computerized records (sorted into indexes) of stolen and suspect vehicles, vehicle owners, the names of convicted, wanted, or missing people, the names of disqualified drivers, fingerprints, and DNA obtained from people who have convicted of a crime.  Databases to handle information gathered during major investigations.  3D modeling programs to recreate crimes.  Centrally controlled and monitored CCTV Security cameras.
  • 14. TRAFFIC LIGHT CONTROL SOFTWARE : -  The normal function of traffic lights requires sophisticated control and coordination to ensure that traffic moves as smoothly and safely as possible and that pedestrians are protected when they cross the roads A variety of different control systems are used to accomplish this, ranging from simple clockwork mechanisms to sophisticated computerized control and coordination systems that self-adjust to minimize delay to people using the road. 10/24/2013 
  • 15. PACKAGES AVAILABLE IN TRAFFIC CONTROLLER 10/24/2013 Traffic Controller Systems  Fixed Time control  Dynamic Control  In-Pavement Detectors  Non-Intrusive Detectors  Non-motorized user detection  Coordinated Control
  • 16. BUSINESS APPLICATION SOFTWARE Business software is generally any software program that helps a business increase productivity or measure their productivity. The term covers a large variation of uses within the business environment, and can be categorized by using a small, medium and large matrix: 10/24/2013 
  • 17. THE USAGE OF SOFTWARE ACCORDING TO BUSINESS 10/24/2013 The small business market generally consists of home accounting software, and office suites such as Microsoft Office  The medium size, or SME, has a broader range of software applications, ranging from accounting, groupware, customer relationship management, human resources software  The last segment covers enterprise level software applications, such as those in the fields of enterprise resource planning, enterprise content management (ECM), business process management (BPM) and product lifecycle management. 
  • 18. TYPES OF BUSINESS APPLICATION SOFTWARE TOOLS   Digital Dashboards - Also known as Business Intelligence Dashboards, Enterprise Dashboards, or Executive Dashboards, these are visually-based summaries of business data that show at-a-glance understanding of conditions through metrics and Key Performance Indicators Reporting software -generates aggregated views of data to keep the management informed about the state of their business. Online Analytical Processing -commonly known as OLAP (including HOLAP, ROLAP and MOLAP) - a capability of some management, decision support, and executive information systems that supports interactive examination of large amounts of data 10/24/2013 
  • 19. IN HOSPITALS COMPUTERS APPLICATION ARE USED 10/24/2013 In medicine computers are used:  To keep patients’ records up-todate.  To monitor patients who are in intensive care.  To produce images or scans of parts of the body (e.g. ultra-sound scans, CAT [Computerized Axial Tomography) scans that produces a 3D image of the inside of a patient’s body). 
  • 20. TYPES OF MEDICAL SOFTWARE 10/24/2013 Monitors o heart rate, blood pressure, breathing rate, use software to interpret the sensor information and display it in a meaningful way on a monitor. Medical and healthcare educational software  Software used as an educational or study tool for health care professionals. Medical informatics  Software for the business and informational aspect of medicine; these include electronic medical record (EMR) and electronic health record (EHR) software
  • 21. THE MUSIC INDUSTRY USES COMPUTERS: 10/24/2013 The music industry uses computers:  To digitally record music.  To produce electronic music using synthesizers.  To ‘sample’ existing recordings.  To speed up the production of new recordings (it is much easier to record each element of a recording separately and then blend them together than trying to do it all at the same time).
  • 22. OLD VS. NEW 10/24/2013
  • 23. COMPUTER APPLICATION IN SPORTS In sports computers are used wildly in conjunction with video cameras. These are used to record the motion of all the sports men. 3D programs are used later on to help the trainers see there movements and could improve there styles of playing. 10/24/2013 
  • 24. THE USE OF COMPUTER APPLICATION IN SPORTS 10/24/2013 Recording performances  Afterwards analysis  Monitoring performances 
  • 25. ACCOUNTING SOFTWARE It is application software that records and processes accounting transactions within functional modules such as accounts payable, accounts receivable, payroll, and trial balance. It functions as an accounting information system 10/24/2013 
  • 26. ACCOUNTING SOFTWARE IS TYPICALLY COMPOSED OF VARIOUS MODULES AMONG THE MOST COMMON ARE:       Accounts receivable—where the company enters money received Accounts payable—where the company enters its bills and pays money it owes General ledger—the company's "books" Billing—where the company produces invoices to clients/customers Stock/Inventory—where the company keeps control of its inventory Purchase Order—where the company orders inventory Sales Order—where the company records customer orders for the supply of inventory 10/24/2013 
  • 27. CONT’D Cash Book—where the company records collection and payment Non Core Modules  Debt Collection—where the company tracks attempts to collect overdue bills (sometimes part of accounts receivable)  Electronic payment processing  Expense—where employee business-related expenses are entered  Inquiries—where the company looks up information on screen without any edits or additions  Payroll—where the company tracks salary, wages, and related taxes  10/24/2013
  • 28. COMPUTERS IN EDUCATION  10/24/2013 Since the 1980s, computers have been widely available in schools, libraries, and a growing percentage of U.S. households. In fact, the percentage of U.S. public schools that had computers grew from 77.7% in the academic year 1984-85 to 97.5% in 1993-94.
  • 29. CONT’D  10/24/2013  There is no single application that is universal to all classrooms. In some settings, students use computers for simple word processing--that is, to type reports and other documents and to print out the results. This application allows students to revise and edit easily Another application of computers in classrooms is for so-called computer-aided instruction (CAI). Interactive programs provide practice in such basic skills as spelling, math computation, and word recognition.