Classification of TigerKingdom: AnimaliaPhylum: ChordataClass: MammaliaOrder: CarnivoraFamily: FelidaeGenus: PanthernaSpicies: Tigris
Description of TigerLength: 4.6-12.2 ft.Height: 3/3 1/2 ft.Weight: 220-675 poundsColors and markings: OrangeWith a white belly and blackstripesShape: oval body that is lowto the ground
Historical Status There were once nine subspecies of tigers: Bengal, Siberian, Indochinese, South Chinese, Sumatran, Malayan, Caspian, Javan and Bali. Of these, the last three are extinct, one is extinct in the wild, and the rest are endangered. In the early 1900s, there were around 100,000 tigers throughout their range.
Present Status•Tigers are endangered and there are a totalof around 3,000-4,500 exist in the wild.•South Chinese tigers are extinct in the wild.•The Javan, Bali, and Caspian tiger are extinct.
Project TigerProject Tiger was launched in 1973 in India. Theproject aims at ensuring a viable population of tigerin their natural habitats and preserving areas ofbiological importance as a natural heritage for thepeople. The selection of areas for the reservesrepresented as close as possible the diversity ofecosystem across the tigers distribution in thecountry.
•Project Tiger is administered by the NATIONALTIGER CONSERVATION AUTHORITY. Theoverall administration of the project is monitoredby a Steering Committee.•The projects task force visualized these tigerreserves as breeding nuclei, from which surplusanimals would emigrate to adjacent forests.•The government has set-up a Tiger ProtectionForce to combat poachers, and funded therelocation of up to 200,000 villagers to minimizehuman-tiger conflicts
•Wireless communication system andoutstation patrol camps have been developedwithin the tiger reserves, due to whichpoaching has declined considerably.• Fire protection engineering is carried out bysuitable preventive and control measures.Villages have been relocated in manyreserves, especially from core areas.•Livestock grazing has been controlled to agreat extent in the tiger reserves.
Goals and objectivesProject Tiger was meant to identify the limiting factorsand to mitigate them by suitable management. Thedamages done to the habitat were to be rectified so asto facilitate the recovery of the ecosystem to themaximum possible extent.The potential tiger habitats being covered are:: Goals and objectives•Sivalik–Terai Conservation Unit (Uttaranchal, UttarPradesh, Bihar, West Bengal), and in NepalNorth east Conservation Unit•Sunderbans Conservation Unit•Central Indian Conservation Unit•Eastern Ghat Conservation Unit•Western Ghat Conservation Units
WPSIs Tiger Poaching StatisticsThe WILDLIFE PROTECTION SOCIETY OFINDIA (WPSI) works with governmentenforcement agencies to apprehend tiger poachersand traders throughout India. WPSI also makesevery effort to investigate and verify any seizure oftiger parts and unnatural tiger deaths that arebrought to our notice.
To date, WPSI has documented the following cases: 95 cases of tigers known to have been killed in 1994 121 tigers killed in 1995 52 tigers killed in 1996 88 tigers killed in 1997 39 tigers killed in 1998 81 tigers killed in 1999 52 tigers killed in 2000 72 tigers killed in 2001 46 tigers killed in 2002 38 tigers killed in 2003 38 tigers killed in 2004 46 tigers killed in 2005 37 tigers killed in 2006 27 tigers killed in 2007 29 tigers killed in 2008 32 tigers killed in 2009 30 tigers killed in 2010 13 tigers killed in 2011
Current Status of Tiger in IndiaIndia holds over half the worlds tiger population.According to the latest tiger census reportreleased on March 28, 2011 by the National TigerConservation Authority, the current tigerpopulation estimated is 1,706 (i.e. rangingbetween a minimum of 1,571 to a maximum of1,875). The results include figures from 17 Indianstates with a tiger population.
PENALTIESA general offence under the Wild Life (Protection) Act,1972, attracts a maximum sentence of three yearsimprisonment or a fine which may extend to Rs. 25,000or both.An offence involving a species listed in Schedule I orPart II of Schedule II, or an offence committed within asanctuary or natural park, attracts a mandatory prisonterm of three years, which may extend to seven years.There is also a mandatory fine of at least Rs. 10,000. Fora subsequent offence, the prison term remains thesame, while the mandatory fine is at least Rs.25,000.
List of Tiger Reserves in India Bandhavgarh Namdapha Bandipur Pakhui-Nameri Bhadra Palamau Bori-Satpura Panna Buxa Pench (Madhya Pradesh) Corbett Pench (Maharashtra) Dampa Periyar Dudhwa Ranthambore Indravati Sariska Kalakad-Mundanthurai Similipal Kanha Sundarbans Manas Tadoba-Andhari Melghat Valmiki Nagarjunasagar
Success Rate Of Project TigerIt was merely months back when the Indian governmentpulled up their socks and did a census revealing astaggering low number of 1411 tigers left in open. All themedia and eco-conservationists turned their headstowards India and started a campaign “Project Tiger”dedicating the year 2010 to the Tiger savior year.A recent statement by Jayaram Ramesh, member ofIndian cabinet, declared good signs with the tigerpopulation about 1700+.