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    Firefox Firefox Document Transcript

    • ContentsArticles Firefox 1 History of Firefox 28 Mozilla 42 Mozilla Foundation 45 Mozilla Corporation 49 Mozilla Application Suite 53 Mozilla Thunderbird 58 Add-on (Mozilla) 64References Article Sources and Contributors 66 Image Sources, Licenses and Contributors 69Article Licenses License 70
    • Firefox 1 Firefox Mozilla Firefox Firefox 14 running on Windows 7 Developer(s) Mozilla Corporation Mozilla Foundation Initial release November 9, 2004 Stable release [1] [2] (July 17, 2012) [ +/− ] Preview release [3] [4] (August 10, 2012) [ +/− ] Written in [5] [6][7] C/C++, JavaScript, CSS, XUL, XBL Operating system Microsoft Windows Mac OS X Linux Android Engine Gecko Size [8] 16 MB – Windows [8] 31 MB – Mac OS X [8] 17 MB – Linux [8] 75 MB – source code Available in [9] 88 locales (78 languages) Development status Active Type Web browser License [10] MPL Website [11] www.mozilla.org/firefox Mozilla Firefox is a free and open source[12] web browser developed for Microsoft Windows, Mac OS X, and Linux coordinated by Mozilla Corporation and Mozilla Foundation. Firefox uses the Gecko layout engine to render web pages, which implements current and anticipated web standards.[13] As of July 2012, Firefox has approximately 24% of worldwide usage share of web browsers, making it the third most widely used web browser.[14][15][16] The browser has had particular success in Indonesia, Germany and Poland, where it is the most popular browser with 66%,[17] 48%[18] and 47%[19] of the market share respectively.
    • Firefox 2 History The Firefox project began as an experimental branch of the Mozilla project by Dave Hyatt, Joe Hewitt and Blake Ross. They believed the commercial requirements of Netscapes sponsorship and developer-driven feature creep compromised the utility of the Mozilla browser.[20] To combat what they saw as the Mozilla Suites software bloat, they created a stand-alone browser, with which they intended to replace the Mozilla Suite. On April 3, 2003, the Mozilla Organization announced that they planned to change their focus from the Mozilla Suite to Firefox and Thunderbird.[21] The Firefox project has undergone several name changes. Originally titled Phoenix, it was renamed because of trademark problems with Phoenix Technologies. The replacement name, Firebird, provoked an intense response from the Firebird free database software project.[22][23] In response, the Mozilla Foundation stated that the browser should always bear the name Mozilla Firebird to avoid confusion with the database software. After further pressure from the database servers development community, on February 9, 2004, Mozilla Firebird became Mozilla Firefox,[24] often referred to as simply Firefox. Mozilla prefers that Firefox be abbreviated as Fx or fx, though it is often abbreviated as FF.[25] The Firefox project went through many versions before version 1.0 was released on November 9, 2004. Features Features include tabbed browsing, spell checking, incremental find, live bookmarking, smart bookmarks, a download manager, private browsing, location-aware browsing (also known as "geolocation") based on a Google service[26] and an integrated search system that uses Google by default in most localizations. Functions can be added through extensions, created by third-party developers,[27] of which there is a wide selection, a feature that has attracted many of Firefoxs users. Additionally, Firefox provides an environment for web developers in which they can use built-in tools, such as the Error Console or the DOM Inspector, or extensions, such as Firebug. Standards Firefox implements many web standards, including HTML4 (partial HTML5), XML, XHTML, MathML, SVG 1.1 (partial),[28] CSS (with extensions),[29] ECMAScript (JavaScript), DOM, XSLT, XPath, and APNG (Animated PNG) images with alpha transparency.[30] Firefox also implements standards proposals created by the WHATWG such as client-side storage,[31][32] and canvas element.[33] Firefox has passed the Acid2 standards-compliance test since version 3.0.[34] Mozilla had originally stated that The results of the Acid3 test (as of September 2011) on Firefox 7.0 they did not intend for Firefox to pass the Acid3 test fully because they believed that the SVG fonts part of the test had become outdated and irrelevant, due to WOFF being agreed upon as a standard by all major browser makers.[35] Because the SVG font tests were removed from the Acid3 test in September 2011, Firefox 4 and greater scored 100/100.[36][37] Firefox also implements[38] a proprietary protocol[39] from Google called "safebrowsing" (used to exchange data related with "phishing and malware protection").
    • Firefox 3 Security Firefox uses a sandbox security model,[40] and limits scripts from accessing data from other web sites based on the same origin policy.[41] It uses SSL/TLS to protect communications with web servers using strong cryptography when using the HTTPS protocol.[42] It also provides support for web applications to use smartcards for authentication purposes.[43] The Mozilla Foundation offers a "bug bounty" (up to 3000 USD cash reward and a Mozilla T-shirt) to researchers who discover severe security holes in Firefox.[44] Official guidelines for handling security vulnerabilities discourage early disclosure of vulnerabilities so as not to give potential attackers an advantage in creating exploits.[45] Because Firefox generally has fewer publicly known unpatched security vulnerabilities than Internet Explorer (see Comparison of web browsers), improved security is often cited as a reason to switch from Internet Explorer to Firefox.[46][47][48][49] The Washington Post reports that exploit code for known, critical unpatched security vulnerabilities in Internet Explorer was available for 284 days in 2006. In comparison, exploit code for known, critical security vulnerabilities in Firefox was available for 9 days before Mozilla issued a patch to remedy the problem.[50] A 2006 Symantec study showed that, although Firefox had surpassed other browsers in the number of vendor-confirmed vulnerabilities that year through September, these vulnerabilities were patched far more quickly than those found in other browsers – Firefoxs vulnerabilities were fixed on average one day after the exploit code was made available, as compared to nine days for Internet Explorer.[51] Symantec later clarified their statement, saying that Firefox still had fewer security vulnerabilities than Internet Explorer, as counted by security researchers.[52] In 2010 a study of the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) based on data compiled from the National Vulnerability Database (NVD) Firefox was listed as the 5th most vulnerable desktop software. Internet Explorer ranked only 8th on the list, and Google Chrome as 1st.[53] InfoWorld has cited security experts saying that as Firefox becomes more popular, more vulnerabilities will be found,[54] a claim that Mitchell Baker, president of the Mozilla Foundation, has denied: "There is this idea that market share alone will make you have more vulnerabilities. It is not relational at all."[55] In October 2009, Microsofts security engineers acknowledged that Firefox was vulnerable since February of that year due to a .NET Framework 3.5 SP1 Windows update that silently installed a buggy Windows Presentation Foundation plug-in into Firefox.[56] This vulnerability has since been patched by Microsoft.[57] As of February 11, 2011, Firefox 3.6 had no (known) unpatched security vulnerabilities according to Secunia.[58] Internet Explorer 8 had five unpatched security vulnerabilities, the worst being rated "Less Critical" by Secunia.[59] Mozilla claims, that all patched vulnerabilities of Mozilla products are publicly listed.[60] However, the corporation has been caught multiple times fixing vulnerabilities silently or with delayed notice.[61][62][63] Telemetry When Firefox is upgraded to version 7.0, an information bar will appear asking users whether they would like to send performance statistics (also known as “telemetry”) to Mozilla. According to Mozillas privacy policy,[64] these statistics are stored only in aggregate format, and the only personally-identifiable information transmitted is the users IP address. Localizations Firefox is a heavily localized web browser. The first official release in November 2004 was available in 24 different languages and for 28 locales, including British English/American English, European Spanish/Argentine Spanish and Chinese in Traditional Chinese characters/Simplified Chinese characters.[65] Currently supported versions 10.0.6 and 14.0.1 are available for 85 locales (76 languages)[66] and 88 locales (78 languages)[9] respectively.
    • Firefox 4 Licensing Firefox source code is free software, with most of it being released under the Mozilla Public License (MPL).[10] This license permits anyone to view, modify, and/or redistribute the source code, and several publicly released applications have been built on it; for example, Netscape, Flock, Miro, Iceweasel, and Songbird make use of code from Firefox. In the past, Firefox was licensed solely under the MPL,[67] which the FSF (Free Software Foundation) criticized for being weak copyleft; the license permitted, in limited ways, proprietary derivative works. Additionally, code only licensed under the MPL could not legally be linked with code under the GPL.[68][69] To address these concerns, Mozilla re-licensed most of Firefox under the tri-license scheme of MPL, GPL, or LGPL. Since the re-licensing, developers were free to choose the license under which they received most of the code, to suit their intended use: GPL or LGPL linking and derivative works when one of those licenses is chosen, or MPL use (including the possibility of proprietary derivative works) if they chose the MPL.[67] However, on January 3, 2012, Mozilla released the GPL-compatible MPL 2.0,[70] and with the release of Firefox 13 on June 5, 2012, Mozilla used it to replace the tri-licensing scheme.[71] Trademark and logo The name "Mozilla Firefox" is a registered trademark; along with the official Firefox logo, it may only be used under certain terms and conditions. Anyone may redistribute the official binaries in unmodified form and use the Firefox name and branding for such distribution, but restrictions are placed on distributions which modify the underlying source code.[72] The name "Firefox" derives from a nickname of the red panda.[73] Mozilla has placed the Firefox logo files under open-source licenses,[74][75] but its trademark guidelines do not allow displaying altered[76] or similar logos[77] in contexts where trademark law applies. There has been some controversy over the Mozilla Foundations intentions in stopping certain open source distributions from using the "Firefox" trademark.[12] Mozilla Foundation Chairperson Mitchell Baker explained in an interview in 2007 that distributions could freely use the Firefox trademark if they did not modify source-code, and that the Mozilla Foundations only concern was with users getting a consistent experience when they used "Firefox".[78] To allow distributions of the code without using the official branding, the Firefox source code contains a "branding switch". This switch allows the code to be compiled without the official logo and name, for example to produce a derivative Logo used for Iceweasel work unencumbered by restrictions on the Firefox trademark (this is also often used for alphas of future Firefox versions). In the unbranded compilation the trademarked logo and name are replaced with a freely distributable generic globe logo and the name of the release series from which the modified version was derived. Distributing modified versions of Firefox under the "Firefox" name requires explicit approval from Mozilla for the changes made to the underlying code, and requires the use of all of the official branding. For example, it is not permissible to use the name "Firefox" without also using the official logo. When the Debian project decided to stop using the official Firefox logo in 2006 (because Mozillas copyright restrictions at the time were incompatible with Debians guidelines), they were told by a representative of the Mozilla Foundation that this was not acceptable, and were asked either to comply with the published trademark guidelines or cease using the "Firefox" name in their distribution.[79] Ultimately, Debian switched to branding their modified version of Firefox "Iceweasel", along with other Mozilla software.
    • Firefox 5 Branding and visual identity Early Firebird and Phoenix releases of Firefox were considered to have had reasonable visual designs, but were not up to the same standards as many professionally released software packages. In October 2003, professional interface designer Steven Garrity wrote an article covering everything he considered to be wrong with Mozillas visual identity.[80] The page received a great deal of attention; the majority of criticism leveled at the article fell along the lines of "wheres the patch?" Shortly afterwards, Garrity was invited by the Mozilla Foundation to head up the new visual identity team. The release of Firefox 0.8 in February 2004 saw the introduction of the new branding efforts, including new icon designs by silverorange, a group of web developers with a long-standing relationship with Mozilla, with final renderings by Jon Hicks, who had previously worked on Camino.[82][83] The logo was later revised and updated, fixing several flaws found when it was enlarged.[84] The animal shown in the logo is a stylized fox, although "firefox" is considered to be a common name for the red panda. The panda, according to Hicks, "didnt really Blue globe artwork is distributed with Firefox source code, and is conjure up the right imagery" and wasnt widely known.[83] The logo was chosen explicitly not protected as a to make an impression while not shouting out with overdone artwork. It had to trademark [81] stand out in the users mind, be easy for others to remember, and stand out without causing too much distraction when seen among other icons. The Firefox icon is a trademark used to designate the official Mozilla build of the Firefox software and builds of official distribution partners.[85] For this reason, Debian and other software distributors who distribute patched or modified versions of Firefox do not use the icon. The crash reporting service was initially closed source, but switched with version 3 from a program called Talkback to the open source BreakPad & Socorro [86]. Other logos are also used for specific versions of the software or its derivatives: The current Aurora logo The current "nightly" logo Minefield logo (former name for (alpha/pre-beta) (experimental/pre-alpha) "nightly" Firefox) Promotion The rapid adoption of Firefox, 100 million downloads in its first year of availability,[87] followed a series of aggressive marketing campaigns starting in 2004 with a series of events Blake Ross and Asa Dotzler called "marketing weeks".[88] On September 12, 2004,[89] a marketing portal dubbed "Spread Firefox" (SFX) debuted along with the Firefox Preview Release, creating a centralized space for the discussion of various marketing techniques. A two-page ad in the December 16 edition of the New York Times, placed by Mozilla Foundation in coordination with Spread Firefox, featured the names of the thousands of people worldwide who contributed to the Mozilla Foundations fundraising campaign to support the launch of the Firefox 1.0 web browser.[90] SFX portal enhanced the "Get Firefox" button
    • Firefox 6 program, giving users "referrer points" as an incentive. The site lists the top 250 referrers. From time to time, the SFX team or SFX members launch marketing events organized at the Spread Firefox website. As a part of the Spread Firefox campaign, there was an attempt to break the world download record with the release of Firefox 3.[91] The "World Firefox Day" campaign started on July 15, 2006,[92] the third anniversary of the founding of the Mozilla Foundation,[93] and ran until September 15, 2006.[94] Participants registered themselves and a friend on the website for nomination to have their names displayed on the Firefox Friends Wall, a digital wall that will be displayed at the headquarters of the Mozilla Foundation. In December 2007, Mozilla launched Live Chat [95], a service allowing users to seek technical support from volunteers. Because Live chat is kept running by volunteers, it is only available when they are online.[96] On February 21, 2008 in honor of reaching 500 million downloads, the Firefox community celebrated by visiting FreeRice to earn 500 million grains of rice.[97] Some of Firefoxs contributors made a crop circle of the Firefox logo in an oat field near Amity, Oregon, near the intersection of Lafayette Highway and Walnut Hill Road.[98] In February 2011, Mozilla announced that it would be retiring Spread Firefox (SFX). Three months later, in May 2011, Mozilla officially closed Spread Firefox. Mozilla wrote that "there are currently plans to create a new iteration of this website [Spread Firefox] at a later date."[99] Reception Most used web browser by country according to StatCounter.  Internet Explorer  Google Chrome  Firefox  Opera (web browser)Opera Market Share Overview [101] According to StatCounter data June 2012 Browser % of Fx % of Total Firefox 1 0.08% 0.02% Firefox 1.5 0.04% 0.01% Firefox 2 0.25% 0.06% Firefox 3 0.93% 0.22% Firefox 3.5 1.10% 0.26% Firefox 3.6 5.18% 1.23% Firefox 4 1.56% 0.37% Firefox 5 1.05% 0.25% Firefox 6 1.10% 0.26% Firefox 7 1.05% 0.25% Firefox 8 1.69% 0.40%
    • Firefox 7 Firefox 9 2.11% 0.50% Firefox 10 2.91% 0.69% Firefox 11 2.95% 0.70% Firefox 12 8.30% 1.97% Firefox 13 44.94% 11.14% Firefox 14 22.08% 5.24% Firefox 15 0.67% 0.16% Firefox 16 0.08% 0.02% Firefox 17 0.04% 0.01% [102] 100% 23.73% All variants Forbes.com called Firefox the best browser in a 2004 commentary piece,[1] and PC World named Firefox "Product of the Year" in 2005 on their "100 Best Products of 2005" list.[2] After the release of Firefox 2 and Internet Explorer 7 in 2006, PC World reviewed both and declared that Firefox was the better browser.[3] Which? Magazine named Firefox its "Best Buy" web browser.[4] In 2008, CNET compared Safari, Chrome, Firefox, and Internet Explorer in their "Battle of the Browsers" in terms of performance, security, and features, where Firefox was selected as a favorite.[5] In February 2012, Toms Hardware compared Safari 5.1.2, Google Chrome 17, Mozilla Firefox 10, Opera 11.61 and Microsoft Internet Explorer 9 on both Ubuntu 11.10 and Windows 7 OS (Internet Explorer & Safari excluded from Ubuntu because of OS availability) in a "Web Browser Grand Usage share of web browsers (March 2012 – StatCounter) Prix". They concluded, that based on performance, Chrome 17 was selected as their favorite on the Ubuntu OS – but they also concluded that on Windows OS, Firefox 10 was their favorite.[6] Performance In December 2005, Internet Week ran an article in which many readers reported high memory usage in Firefox 1.5.[7] Mozilla developers said that the higher memory use of Firefox 1.5 was at least partially due to the new fast backwards-and-forwards (FastBack) feature.[8] Other known causes of memory problems were malfunctioning extensions such as Google Toolbar and some older versions of Adblock,[9] or plug-ins, such as older versions of Adobe Acrobat Reader.[10] When PC Magazine compared memory usage of Firefox 2, Opera 9, and Usage share of web browsers according to Internet Explorer 7, they found that Firefox used approximately as StatCounter. much memory as the other two browsers.[11] Softpedia noted that Firefox 1.5 took longer to start up than other [12] browsers, which was confirmed by further speed tests.[13] IE 6 launched more swiftly than Firefox 1.5 on Windows XP since many of its components were built into the OS and loaded during system startup. As a
    • Firefox 8 workaround for the issue, a preloader application was created that loaded components of Firefox on startup, similar to Internet Explorer.[14] A Windows Vista feature called SuperFetch performs a similar task of preloading Firefox if it is used often enough. Tests performed by PC World and Zimbra in 2006 indicated that Firefox 2 used less memory than Internet Explorer 7.[3][15] Firefox 3 used less memory than Internet Explorer 7, Opera 9.50 Beta, Safari 3.1 Beta, and Firefox 2 in tests performed by Mozilla, CyberNet, and The Browser World.[16][17][18] In mid 2009, Betanews benchmarked Firefox 3.5 and declared that it performed "nearly ten times better on XP than Microsoft Internet Explorer 7".[19] In January 2010, Lifehacker compared the performance of Firefox 3.5, Firefox 3.6, Google Chrome 4 (stable and Dev versions), Safari 4, and Opera (10.1 stable and 10.5 pre-alpha versions). Lifehacker timed how long browsers took to start and reach a page (both right after boot-up and after running at least once already), timed how long browsers took to load nine tabs at once, tested JavaScript speeds using Mozillas Dromaeo online suite (which implements Apples SunSpider and Googles V8 tests) and measured memory usage using Windows 7s process manager. They concluded that Firefox 3.5 and 3.6 were the fifth and sixth fastest browsers respectively on startup, 3.5 was third and 3.6 was sixth fastest to load nine tabs at once, 3.5 was sixth and 3.6 was fifth fastest on the JavaScript tests. They also concluded that Firefox 3.6 was the most efficient with memory usage followed by Firefox 3.5.[20] In February 2012, Toms Hardware performance tested Chrome 17, Firefox 10, Internet Explorer 9, Opera 11.61, and Safari 5.1.2 on Windows 7. Toms Hardware summarized their tests into four categories: Performance, Efficiency, Reliability, and Conformance. In the performance category they tested HTML 5, Java, Javascript, DOM, CSS 3, Flash, Silverlight, and WebGL – they also tested start up time and page load time. The performance tests showed that Firefox was either "acceptable" or "strong" in most categories, winning three categories (HTML5, HTML5 Hardware acceleration, and Java) only finishing "weak" in CSS performance. In the efficiency tests, Toms Hardware tested memory usage and management. In this category, it determined that Firefox was only "acceptable" at performing light memory usage, while it was "strong" at performing heavy memory usage. In the reliability category, Firefox performed a "strong" amount of proper page loads. In the final category, conformance, it was determined that Firefox had "strong" conformance for Javascript and HTML5. In conclusion, Toms Hardware determined that Firefox was the best browser for Windows 7 OS, but that it only narrowly beat out Google Chrome.[21] Market adoption Downloads have continued at an increasing rate since Firefox 1.0 was released in November 2004, and as of July 31, 2009 Firefox has been downloaded over one billion times.[22] This number does not include downloads using software updates or those from third-party websites.[23] They do not represent a user count, as one download may be installed on many machines, one person may download the software multiple times, or the software may be obtained from a third party. According to Mozilla, Firefox had more than 400 million users as of November 2010.[24] In July 2010, all IBM employees (about 400,000) were asked to use Firefox as their default browser.[25] Firefox was the second-most used web browser until December 2011, when Google Chrome surpassed it.[26] As of May 2012, Firefox was the third most widely used browser, with approximately 25% of worldwide usage share of web browsers.[14][15][16] According to StatCounter, Firefox usage peaked in November 2009 and usage share would remain stagnant until October 2010 when it lost market share, a trend that would continue for over a year. Its first consistent gains in usage share since September 2010 occurred in February and March 2012 before making minor losses in April 2012.[15]
    • Firefox 9 Release history Color Meaning Red Former release; no longer supported Yellow Former release; still supported Green Current supported release Blue Future release Release history Version 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.7 0.8 0.9 1.0 1.0.8 1.5 2.0 3.0 3.0.19 3.5 3.5.19 3.6 3.6.28 4.0 4.0.1 5.0 5.0.1 6.0 6.0.2 7.0 7.0.1 8.0 8.0.1 9.0 9.0.1 10.0 10.0.6esr 13.0.1 14.0 14.0.1 Version 15.0b116.0a217.0a1 Release date 2002-09-23 2002-10-01 2002-10-14 2002-10-19 2002-12-07 2003-05-17 2003-10-15 2004-02-09 2004-05-15 2004-11-09 2006-04-13 2005-11-29 2007-05-30 2006-10-24 2008-12-18 2008-05-17 2010-03-30 2009-05-30 2011-04-28 2010-01-21 2012-03-13 2011-03-22 2011-04-28 2011-06-21 2011-07-11 2011-08-16 2011-09-06 2011-09-27 2011-09-29 2011-11-08 2011-11-21 2011-12-20 2011-12-21 2012-01-31 2012-07-17 2012-03-13 2012-04-24 2012-06-05 2012-06-15 2012-06-26 2012-07-17 Release date 2012-07-19 Updated daily Updated daily Gecko version 1.2 • Web form auto-complete • Sidebar is back • Downloads Sidebar • Bookmarks Sidebar • History Sidebar • Extension management • Toolbar customization • Search bar • Improved preference defaults • Speed improvements • Ctrl+Mousewheel to resize fonts • Bug fixes[27] • Image Blocking • Pop-up Blocking Whitelist • Bookmarks Changes • Global Go Menu and Other Menu Changes • Tabbed Browsing Improvements • Size and Speed Improvements • Bug fixes[28] 1.3 • Multiple homepages • Intellimouse 5-button support • Sidebar remembers its state across sessions • Download fixes • History improvements • Accessibility improvements • Size and memory reduction
    • Firefox 10 • Performance improvements • Stability improvements • Better Windows appearance • Many more new themes • Many bug fixes[29] 1.5 • Advanced preferences panel • Download/helper apps preferences panel • Cookie whitelisting • New password manager • Web panels (like Mozillas sidebar panels) • Alternate stylesheet support (through a status bar button) • Send Page, Send Link, and Send Image menu items • Autoscroll • Lots of bug fixes and other small improvements[30] 1.6 1.7 • Better Tabbed Browsing Controls • Horde of bug fixes[31] • Security fixes • Bug fixes • Stability fixes[32] 1.8 • Bug fixes • Stability fixes • Security fixes[33] 1.8.1 • Bug fixes • Security fixes • Stability fixes[34] 1.9 • Fixed several security problems. • Fixed several stability issues.[35] 1.9.1 • Fixed several security issues • Fixed several stability issues[36] 1.9.2 • Added Out-of-process plugins • Fixed several security issues • Fixed several stability issues[37][38] 2.0 • Fixed several security issues • Fixed several stability issues[39] 5.0
    • Firefox 11 • Fixed an issue in Mac OS X 10.7 that could cause Firefox to crash[40] • Fixed an issue caused by Apples "Java for Mac OS X 10.6 Update 5" where the Java plugin would not be loaded[41] 6.0 • Revoked the root certificate for DigiNotar due to fraudulent SSL certificate issuance[42] • Removed trust exceptions for certificates issued by Staat der Nederlanden • Resolved an issue with gov.uk websites[43] 7.0 • Fixed a rare issue where some users could find one or more of their add-ons hidden after a Firefox update[44] 8.0 • Fixed Mac OS X crash that occurred in certain instances when a Java Applet is loaded with Java SE 6 version 1.6.0_29 installed. • Fixed Windows startup crash caused by RoboForm versions older than 7.6.2.[45] 9.0 • Fixed crash on Windows, Mac and Linux[46] 10.0 • Lots of security fixes[47] • Fixed web workers running out of memory, affecting some add-ons used by organizations[48] • Fixed Java applets sometimes caused text input to become unresponsive[49] • Fixed an issue causing in Firefox ESR 10.0.3 that caused the "Whats New" page to open after an update • Fixed extensions.checkCompatibility.* prefs not working in ESR releases[50] • Fixed the 10.5 Firefox top crash with signature [@ GLEngine@0x620cf ][51] 11.0 12.0 13.0 • Fixed an issue when Windows Messenger did not load in Hotmail, and the Hotmail inbox did not auto-update • Fixed the Hebrew text that was sometimes rendered incorrectly • Fixed an issue in Adobe Flash 11.3 that sometimes caused a crash on quit • Various security fixes[52] 14.0 • Various security fixes • Fixed the GIF animation that can get stuck when src and image size are changed • Mac OSX: Fixed the nsCocoaWindow::ConstrainPosition that uses wrong screen in multi-display setup • Fixed the CSS :hover regression when an elements class name is set by Javascript[53] Gecko version 15.0 16.0 17.0 Release notes • First release[54] • Improvements to pop-up blocking • Improvements to toolbar customization • Improvements to tabbed browsing and shortcut keys • Type ahead find returns • Address bar gets smarter • Themes • Bug fixes[55] • New default theme • Redesigned Preferences window
    • Firefox 12 • Improved Privacy Options • Improved Bookmarks • Talkback enabled to tell Mozilla why the browser crashed • Automatic Image Resizing • Smooth Scrolling • Access to more preferences through about:config • Custom profile save location • Mac OS X compatibility • Lots of bug fixes[56] • Windows Installer • Download Manager • New Add Bookmark Dialog • Work Offline • Better Handling of File Types • New XPInstall Frontend • New default theme for Mac OS X • Lots of bug fixes and improvements [57] • New Default Theme • Comprehensive Data Migration from Internet Explorer • Extension/Theme Manager • Smaller Download • Online help system • Lots of bug fixes and improvements[58] • Dropped support for Mac OS X v10.1, minimum is now Mac OS X v10.2 • Private data clear data • Back and forward now fast • Improved web standards • Improved HTML • Improved CSS • Improved HTTP • Improved Javascript/DOM • SVG compatibility • Huge amount of bug fixes[59] • Visual Refresh of main theme • Built-in phishing protection • Enhanced search capabilities • Improved tabbed browsing • Resuming your browsing session (session restore) • Previewing and subscribing to Web feeds • Inline spell checking • Live Web Titles • Improved Add-ons manager • JavaScript 1.7 • Extended search plugin format (predictive search) • Improved security with extension system • Client-side session and persistent storage
    • Firefox 13 • SVG text support • New Windows installer[60] • One-click site info • Malware Protection • New Web Forgery Protection page • New SSL error pages • Add-ons and Plugin version check • Secure add-on updates • Anti-virus integration with download manager • Vista Parental Controls • Effective top-level domain (eTLD) service better restricts cookies and other restricted content to a single domain. • Better protection against cross-site JSON data leaks. • Easier password management – save passwords after successful login • Simplified add-on installation from 3rd party’s • New Download Manager • Resumable downloading after closing the browser • Full page zoom • Podcasts and Videocasts can be associated with your media playback tools • Tab scrolling and quickmenu • Save what you were doing - Firefox 3 will prompt users to save tabs on exit. • Optimized Open in Tabs behavior • Location and Search bar size can now be customized with a simple resizer item. • Text selection improvements (select multiple selections of text) • Find toolbar: the Find toolbar now opens with the current selection. • Plugin management with the add-on manager • Improved integration with Windows • Improved integration with the Mac • Integration with Linux GTK theme • Bookmark star button • Bookmark tags • Smart Location Bar • Library of bookmarks, history, etc. • Smart Bookmark Folders • Web-based protocol handlers for mail:to • Download & Install Add-ons from the Add-on manager • Easy to use Download Actions • New graphics and font handling in Gecko 1.9 provide rendering improvements in: • CSS • SVG • Display of fonts with ligatures and complex scripts • Color management of images with capabilities • Offline support for web applications • Improved speed • Reduced memory usage • Increased reliability • 25000 total code changes • Security fixes
    • Firefox 14 • Stability fixes[61] • Support for the HTML5 <video> and <audio> elements including native support for Ogg Theora video and Vorbis audio • Improved tools for controlling your private data, including a Private Browsing Mode • Better web application performance using the new TraceMonkey JavaScript engine • The ability to share your location with websites using Location Aware Browsing • Support for native JSON, and web worker threads • Improvements to the Gecko layout engine, including speculative parsing for faster content rendering • Support for new web technologies such as: • Downloadable fonts • CSS media queries • New transformations and properties • JavaScript query selectors • HTML5 local storage and offline application storage • <canvas> text • ICC profiles • SVG transforms.[62] • Support for Persona themes • Protection from out-of-date plugins to keep users safer as they browse. • Open, native video can now be displayed full screen and supports poster frames. • Improved JavaScript performance, overall browser responsiveness, and startup time. • The ability for web developers to indicate that scripts should run asynchronously to speed up page load times. • Continued support for downloadable web fonts using the new WOFF font format. • Support for new CSS attributes such as gradients, background sizing, and pointer events. • Support for new DOM and HTML5 specifications including the Drag & Drop API and the File API, which allow for more interactive web pages. • Changes to how third-party software can integrate with Firefox in order to prevent crashes.[63] • Firefox 4 is available in over 80 languages • Uses JägerMonkey, a faster JavaScript engine • Support for Do Not Track ("DNT") header that allows users to opt-out of behavioral advertising • Firefox Sync is included by default • Graphic rendering is now hardware-accelerated using Direct3D 9 (Windows XP), Direct3D 10 (Windows Vista & 7), and OpenGL on Mac OS • Direct2D Hardware Acceleration is now on by default for Windows 7 users • WebGL is enabled on all platforms that have a capable graphics card with updated drivers • Native support for the HD HTML5 WebM video format, hardware accelerated where available • Firefox button has a new look for Windows Vista and Windows 7 users • Tabs are now on top by default on Windows, Mac OS X, and Linux • You can search for and switch to already open tabs in the Smart Location Bar • The stop and reload buttons have been merged into a single button on Windows, Mac OS X, and Linux • The Bookmarks Toolbar has been replaced with a Bookmarks Button by default (you can switch it back if youd like) • Crash protection when there is a crash in Adobe Flash Player, Apple QuickTime or Microsoft Silverlight plugins • You can turn any tab into an "App Tab" • The default homepage design has been refreshed • Overhaul of the bookmarks and history code, enabling faster bookmarking and startup performance
    • Firefox 15 • Per-compartment garbage collection is now enabled, reducing work done during complex animations • Additional polish for the Firefox add-on Manager • Improved web typography using OpenType with support for ligatures, kerning and font variants • Web developers can animate content using CSS Transitions • Responsiveness and scrolling improvements from the new retained layers layout system • HTML5 Forms API makes web based forms easier to implement and validate • Support for the new proposed Audio Data API • Support for HSTS security protocol allowing sites to insist that they only be loaded over SSL • A new feature called Panorama gives users a visual overview of all open tabs, allowing them to be sorted and grouped • An experimental API is included to provide more efficient Javascript animations • Firefox now supports the HTML5 video "buffered" property • Changes to how XPCOM components are registered in order to help startup time and process separation • New Addons Manager and extension management API • Significant API improvements are available for JS-ctypes, a foreign function interface for extensions • CSS Transitions are partially supported • Core Animation rendering model for plugins on Mac OS X • Web developers can update the URL field without reloading the page using HTML History APIs • More responsive page rendering using lazy frame construction • Link history lookup is done asynchronously to provide better responsiveness during pageload • CSS :visited selectors have been changed to block websites from being able to check a users browsing history • New HTML5 parser • Support for more HTML5 form controls • Web authors can now get touch events from Firefox users on Windows 7 machines • A new way of representing values in JavaScript that allows Firefox to execute heavy, numeric code more efficiently[64] • Better standards support for HTML5, CSS3, MathML, XHR and SMIL • Better visibility for the Do not track header preference[65] • Stability and security improvements[66][67][68] • Better tuned HTTP idle connection logic[65] • Improved canvas, JavaScript, memory, and networking performance • Improved spell checking for some locales • Improved desktop environment integration for Linux users • Better WebGL security (WebGL content can no longer load cross-domain textures).[69] • Background tabs have setTimeout and setInterval clamped to 1000 ms to improve performance[70] • about:permissions, a permissions manager. The user can choose what information can be shared with sites, e.g. location. • The address bar now highlights the domain of the website you are visiting. • Streamlined the look of the site identity block • Added support for the latest draft version of WebSockets with a prefixed API • Added support for EventSource / server-sent events • Added support for window.matchMedia • Added Scratchpad, an interactive JavaScript prototyping environment • Added a new Web Developer menu item and moved development-related items into it • Improved usability of the Web Console • Improved the discoverability of Firefox Sync • Reduced browser startup time when using Panorama
    • Firefox 16 • Fixed several stability issues • Fixed several security issues[71] • Drastically improved memory handling for certain use cases • Added a new rendering backend to speed up Canvas operations on Windows systems • Bookmark and password changes now sync almost instantly when using Firefox Sync • The http:// URL prefix is now hidden by default. • Added support for text-overflow: ellipsis • Added support for the Web Timing specification • Enhanced support for MathML • The WebSocket protocol has been updated from version 7 to version 8. • Added an opt-in system for users to send performance data back to Mozilla to improve future versions of Firefox • Fixed several stability issues • Fixed several security issues[72] • Add-ons installed by third-party programs are now disabled by default • Added a one-time add-on selection dialog to manage previously installed add-ons • Added Twitter to the search bar • Added a preference to load tabs on demand, improving start-up time when windows are restored • Improved performance and memory handling when using <audio> and <video> elements • Added Cross-Origin Resource Sharing (CORS) support for cross-domain textures in WebGL • Added support for HTML5 context menus • Added support for insertAdjacentHTML() • Improved CSS hyphen support for many languages • Improved WebSocket support • Fixed several stability issues[73] • Added type inference, significantly improving JavaScript performance. • Improved theme integration for Mac OS X Lion. • Added two finger swipe navigation for Mac OS X Lion. • Added support for querying Do Not Track status via JavaScript. • Added support for the font-stretch CSS property. • Improved support for the text-overflow CSS property. • Improved standards support for HTML5, MathML, and CSS. • Fixed several stability issues.[74] • Most add-ons are now compatible with new versions of Firefox by default. • Anti-Aliasing for WebGL is now implemented. • CSS3 3D-Transforms are now supported. • New <bdi> element for bi-directional text isolation, along with supporting CSS properties. • Full Screen APIs allow you to build a web application that runs full screen.[75] • Migration of settings from Google Chrome • SPDY protocol support (disabled by default) • Page Inspector Tilt (3D View) • Sync Add-ons • Redesigned HTML5 video controls • Style Editor (CSS)[76] • Windows: Firefox is now easier to update with one less prompt (User Account Control) • Reintroduced on-demand loading of pinned tabs after restoring a session • Page Source now has line numbers
    • Firefox 17 • Line breaks are now supported in the title attribute • Improvements to "Find in Page" to center search result • URLs pasted into the download manager window are now automatically downloaded • Support for the text-align-last CSS property has been added • Experimental support for ECMAScript 6 Map and Set objects has been implemented • Various security fixes • Many bug fixes • Some TinyMCE-based editors failed to load (739141) • OS X: WebGL performance may be degraded on some hardware (713305)[77] • When opening a new tab, users are now presented with their most visited pages • The default home page now has quicker access to bookmarks, history, settings, and more • SPDY protocol now enabled by default for faster browsing on supported sites • Restored background tabs are not loaded by default for faster startup • Smooth scrolling is now enabled by default • 72 total improvements to Page Inspector, HTML panel, Style Inspector, Scratchpad and Style Editor • The column-fill CSS property has been implemented • Experimental support for ECMAScript 6 Map and Set objects has been implemented • Support for the CSS3 background-position property extended syntax has been added • The :invalid pseudo-class can now be applied to the element • The CSS turn angle unit is now supported[78] • Google searches now utilize HTTPS • Full screen support for Mac OS X Lion implemented • Plugins can now be configured to only load on click (about:config) • The Awesome Bar now auto-completes typed URLs • Improved site identity manager, to prevent spoofing of an SSL connection with favicons • Pointer Lock API implemented • New API to prevent your display from sleeping • New text-transform and font-variant CSS improvements for Turkic languages and Greek[79][80] • Long URLs now extend the status bar almost to the whole width of the viewport. • Gstreamer backend for HTML5 video to allow H.264 playback (needs to be enabled at compile time). Release notes • In-content preferences • Speedy session restore • Debugger • Windows start-up performance improvements • Silent update: Background updates • Accessibility improvements for Mac • Firefox social integration • Incremental garbage collection • Responsive view[81] • OS X 10.7 support • Panel-based download manager • Opt-in activation for plugins (part 2) • Command Line[82] • Developer Toolbar[83] • Show PDF inline[84]
    • Firefox 18 • Improve display of location bar results • Silent Update: Updated workflow for users with incompatible add-ons Platform support Mozilla provides development builds of Firefox in the following channels: "Beta", "Aurora", and "Nightly". As of July 2012, Firefox 15 beta is in the "Beta" channel, Firefox 16 alpha is in the "Aurora" channel, and Firefox 17 pre-alpha is in the "Nightly" channel. Features planned for future versions include silent updating so that version increments will not bother the user, although the user will be able to disable that function.[85] A different looking user-interface called "Australis" is also planned.[86] Firefox for mobile Firefox for mobile, codenamed Fennec, is a web browser for smaller non-PC devices, mobile phones and PDAs. It was first released for the Nokia Maemo operating system (specifically the Nokia N900) on January 28, 2010.[87] Version 4 for Android and Maemo was released on March 29, 2011.[88] The browsers version number was bumped from version 2 to version 4 to synchronize with all future desktop releases of Firefox since the rendering engines used in both browsers are the same.[89] Version 7 was the last release for Maemo on the N900.[90] The user interface is completely redesigned and optimized for small screens, the controls are hidden away so that only the web content is shown on screen, and it uses touchscreen interaction methods. It includes the Awesomebar, tabbed browsing, Add-on support, password manager, location-aware browsing, and the ability to synchronize with the users computer Firefox browser using Firefox Sync.[91] Firefox ESR Firefox for mobile 14.0 on Android Firefox ESR is a version of Firefox for organizations and other adopters who need extended support for mass deployments.[92] Unlike the regular ("rapid") releases, the ESR will be updated with new features and performance enhancements annually, receiving regular security updates during the year.[93] 64-bit support Operating System 64-bit support Windows No Mac OS X Yes Linux Yes 64-bit support for Firefox is inconsistent across operating systems. 64-bit is supported by Mozilla in Mac OS X and Linux, but there are no official 64-bit releases for Windows OS. Mozilla does provide a 64-bit version for their Firefox nightly builds, but they are considered unstable by Mozilla.[94][95] The official releases of Firefox for Mac OS X are universal builds that include both 32-bit and 64-bit versions of the browser in one package, and have been this way since Firefox 4. A typical browsing session uses a combination of the 64-bit browser process and a 32-bit plugin process, because some popular plugins still are 32-bit.[96]
    • Firefox 19 Mozilla made Firefox for Linux 64-bit a priority with the release of Firefox 4, labeling it as tier 1 priority.[97][98] Since being labeled tier 1, Mozilla has been providing official 64-bit releases for its browser for the Linux OS.[99][100] Vendor-backed 64-bit support has existed for Linux based OSs such as Novell-Suse Linux, Red Hat Enterprise Linux, and Ubuntu prior to Mozillas support of 64-bit, even though vendors were faced with the challenge of having to turn off the 64-bit JIT compiler due to its instability prior to Firefox 4.[101][102][103] System requirements Browsers compiled from Firefox source code may run on various operating systems; however, officially distributed binaries are meant for the following: Microsoft Windows (XP SP2/SP3, Server 2003, Vista or 7), Mac OS X 10.5, Mac OS X 10.6 and Linux (with the following libraries installed: GTK+ 2.10 or higher, GLib 2.12 or higher, Pango 1.14 or higher, X.Org 1.0 or higher (1.7 or higher is recommended), libstdc++ 4.3 or higher).[104] [104] Windows Mac Minimum Requirements Processor Pentium 4 or newer with SSE2 Any Intel processor Memory (RAM) 512 MB Hard Drive (free space) 200 MB Operating system Windows XP SP2 or higher Mac OS X Leopard (10.5) or higher Operating system Latest stable version Support status Microsoft XP / 2003 / Vista 2004–present Windows / [105] 14.0.1 (ftp:/ / ftp. mozilla. org/ pub/ firefox/ releases/ latest/ win32/ en-US/ ) 2008 / 7 / 2008R2 2000 2004–2012 10.0.6esr (ftp:/ / ftp. mozilla. org/ pub/ firefox/ releases/ latest-10. 0esr/ win32/ en-US/ [106] ) NT 4 / 98 / ME 2004–2008 (ftp:/ / ftp. mozilla. org/ pub/ firefox/ releases/ 2. 0. 0. 20/ win32/ en-US) 95 2004–2007 (ftp:/ / ftp. mozilla. org/ pub/ firefox/ releases/ 1. 5. 0. 12/ win32/ en-US) Mac OS X 10.5 (Intel) - [105] 2007–present 14.0.1 (ftp:/ / ftp. mozilla. org/ pub/ firefox/ releases/ latest/ mac/ en-US/ ) 10.8 10.4 - 10.5 (PPC) [107][108] 2005–2012 3.6.28 (ftp:/ / ftp. mozilla. org/ pub/ firefox/ releases/ 3. 6. 28/ mac/ en-US/ ) 10.2 - 10.3 2004–2008 (ftp:/ / ftp. mozilla. org/ pub/ firefox/ releases/ 2. 0. 0. 20/ mac/ en-US) 10.0 - 10.1 2004–2006 1.0.8 (ftp:/ / ftp. mozilla. org/ pub/ firefox/ releases/ 1. 0. 8/ mac/ en-US) 2004–present Linux kernel 2.2.14 and newer [105] [105] 14.0.1 (ftp:/ / ftp. mozilla. org/ pub/ firefox/ releases/ latest/ linux-i686/ en-US/ ) (with some libraries ) Note: • Firefox 3.5.9 is the last version to work on HP-UX 11i, as packaged by Hewlett-Packard.[109] • Firefox 2.0 has been ported to RISC OS (i.e. not supported Mozilla).[110][111][112][113]
    • Firefox 20 Affiliations Google The Mozilla Corporations relationship with Google has been noted in the popular press,[114][115] especially with regard to their paid referral agreement. The release of the anti-phishing protection in Firefox 2 in particular raised considerable controversy:[116] anti-phishing protection enabled by default is based on a list updated by twice-hourly downloads to the users computer from Googles server.[117] The user cannot change the data provider within the GUI,[118] and is not informed who the default data provider is. The browser also sends Googles cookie with each update request.[119] Some internet privacy advocacy groups have expressed concerns surrounding Googles possible uses of this data, especially that Firefoxs privacy policy states that Google may share information (that is not personally identifying) gathered with "safebrowsing" service with third parties, including business partners.[120] Following Google CEO Eric Schmidts comments in December 2009 regarding privacy during a CNBC show,[121] Asa Dotzler, Mozillas director of community development suggested that users use the Bing search engine instead of Google search.[122] Google also promoted Firefox through YouTube until the release of Google Chrome. In August 2009, Mozilla Security assisted Google by pointing out a security flaw in Googles Chrome browser.[123] In 2005, the Mozilla Foundation and Mozilla Corporation had a combined revenue of US$52.9 million, with approximately 95% derived from search engine royalties.[124][125] In 2006, the Mozilla Foundation and Mozilla Corporation had a combined revenue of US$66.9 million, with approximately 90% derived from search engine royalties.[124][126] In 2007, the Mozilla Foundation and Mozilla Corporation had a combined revenue of US$81 million, with 88% of this sum (US$66 million) from Google.[127][128] In 2008, both Mozilla organizations had a combined revenue of US$78.6 million, with 91% coming from Google.[129] The Mozilla Foundation and Corporation are being audited by the IRS with the possibility of having its non-profit status called into question.[127][129][130] Microsoft Microsofts head of Australian operations, Steve Vamos, stated in late 2004 that he did not see Firefox as a threat and that there was not significant demand for the feature-set of Firefox among Microsofts users.[131] Microsoft Chairman Bill Gates has used Firefox, but has commented that "its just another browser, and IE [Microsofts Internet Explorer] is better".[132] A Microsoft SEC filing on June 30, 2005 acknowledged that "competitors such as Mozilla offer software that competes with the Internet Explorer Web browsing capabilities of our Windows operating system products."[133] The release of Internet Explorer 7 was fast tracked, and included functionality that was previously available in Firefox and other browsers, such as tabbed browsing and RSS feeds.[134] Despite the cold reception from Microsofts top management, the Internet Explorer development team maintains a relationship with Mozilla. They meet regularly to discuss web standards such as extended validation certificates.[135] In 2005, Mozilla agreed to allow Microsoft to use its Web feed logo in the interest of common graphical representation of the Web feeds feature.[136] In August 2006, Microsoft offered to help Mozilla integrate Firefox with the then-forthcoming Windows Vista,[137] an offer Mozilla accepted.[138] In October 2006, as congratulations for a successful ship of Firefox 2, the Internet Explorer 7 development team sent a cake to Mozilla.[139][140] As a nod to the browser wars, some jokingly suggested that Mozilla send a cake back along with the recipe, in reference to the open-source software movement.[141] The IE development team sent another cake on June 17, 2008, upon the successful release of Firefox 3,[142] again on March 22, 2011, for Firefox 4,[143] and yet again for the Firefox 5 release.[144]
    • Firefox 21 In November 2007, Jeff Jones (a "security strategy director" in Microsofts Trustworthy Computing Group) criticized Firefox, claiming that Internet Explorer experienced fewer vulnerabilities and fewer higher severity vulnerabilities than Firefox in typical enterprise scenarios.[145] Mozilla developer Mike Shaver discounted the study, citing Microsofts bundling of security fixes and the studys focus on fixes, rather than vulnerabilities, as crucial flaws.[146] In February 2009, Microsoft released Service Pack 1 for version 3.5 of the .NET Framework. This update also installed Microsoft .NET Framework Assistant add-on (enabling ClickOnce support).[147] The update received media attention after users discovered that the add-on could not be uninstalled through the add-ons interface.[148][149] Several hours after the website Annoyances.org posted an article regarding this update, Microsoft employee Brad Abrams posted in his blog Microsofts explanation for why the add-on was installed, and also included detailed instructions on how to remove it.[150] However, the only way to get rid of this extension was to modify manually the Windows Registry, which could cause Windows systems to fail to boot up if not done correctly.[148] On October 16, 2009, Mozilla blocked all versions of Microsoft .NET Framework Assistant from being used with Firefox and from the Mozilla Add-ons service.[151] Two days later, the add-on was removed from the blocklist after confirmation from Microsoft that it is not a vector for vulnerabilities.[152][153] Version 1.1 (released on June 10, 2009 to the Mozilla Add-ons service) and later of the Microsoft .NET Framework Assistant allows the user to disable and uninstall in the normal fashion.[154] Firefox was one of the twelve browsers offered to European Economic Area users of Microsoft Windows in 2010 – see BrowserChoice.eu.[155] Awards • Toms Hardware WBGP 9, February 2012[156] • Toms Hardware WBGP 8, January 2012[157] • Toms Hardware WBGP 7, September 2011[158] • CNET Editors Choice, March 2011[159] • CNET Top 10 Mac Downloads, December 2010[160] • Webware 100 winner, May 2009[161] • LinuxQuestions.org Members Choice Awards, February 2009[162] • PC Magazine Editors Choice, June 2008[163] • CNET Editors Choice, June 2008[164] • PC World 100 Best Products of 2008, May 2008[165] • Webware 100 winner, April 2008[166] • Webware 100 winner, June 2007[167] • PC World 100 Best Products of 2007, May 2007[168] • PC Magazine Editors Choice, October 2006[169] • CNET Editors Choice, October 2006[170] • PC Worlds 100 Best Products of 2006, July 2006[171] • PC Magazine Software and Development Tools Award, January 2006[172] • PC Magazine Best of the Year Award, December, 2005[173] • PC Pro Real World Award (Mozilla Foundation), December, 2005[174] • CNET Editors Choice, November 2005[175] • UK Usability Professionals Association Best Software Award, November 2005[176] • Macworld Editors Choice with a 4.5 Mice Rating, November 2005[177] • Softpedia User’s Choice Award, September 2005[178] • TUX 2005 Readers Choice Award, September 2005[179] • PC World Product of the Year, June 2005[180] • Forbes Best of the Web, May 2005[181]
    • Firefox 22 • PC Magazine Editor’s Choice Award, May 2005[182] References [1] Hesseldahl, Arik (September 29, 2004). "Better Browser Now The Best" (http:/ / www. forbes. com/ 2004/ 09/ 29/ cx_ah_0929tentech. html). Forbes. . Retrieved October 17, 2006. [2] PC World editors (June 1, 2005). "The 100 Best Products of 2005" (http:/ / www. pcworld. com/ article/ 120763/ the_100_best_products_of_2005. html). PC World. . Retrieved January 24, 2007. [3] Larkin, Erik (October 24, 2006). "Radically New IE 7 or Updated Mozilla Firefox 2 – Which Browser Is Better?" (http:/ / www. pcworld. com/ article/ 127309-6/ radically_new_ie_7_or_updated_mozilla_firefox_2which_browser_is_better. html). PC World. . Retrieved May 18, 2007. [4] "Mozilla Firefox 2 (PC)" (http:/ / web. archive. org/ web/ 20070902041958/ http:/ / www. which. co. uk/ reports_and_campaigns/ computers_and_internet/ reports/ internet/ using_the_internet/ Web+ browsers/ pp_excel_546_114959. jsp). Which?. October 24, 2006. Archived from the original (http:/ / www. which. co. uk/ reports_and_campaigns/ computers_and_internet/ reports/ internet/ using_the_internet/ Web browsers/ pp_excel_546_114959. jsp) on September 2, 2007. . Retrieved July 9, 2007. [5] "Prizefight: Battle of the browsers" (http:/ / download. cnet. com/ 8301-2007_4-10079338-12. html). CNET. October 30, 2008. . Retrieved December 19, 2009. [6] "Two Champions are crowned" (http:/ / www. tomshardware. com/ reviews/ chrome-17-firefox-10-ubuntu,3129-18. html). Toms Hardware. February 21, 2012. . Retrieved March 28, 2012. [7] Finnie, Scot (December 8, 2005). "Firefox 1.5: Not Ready For Prime Time?" (http:/ / web. archive. org/ web/ 20090624202020/ http:/ / www. informationweek. com/ news/ showArticle. jhtml?articleID=174909795). InformationWeek. Archived from the original (http:/ / www. informationweek. com/ software/ opensource/ 174909795) on 2009-06-24. . Retrieved January 24, 2007. [8] Goodger, Ben (February 14, 2006). "About the Firefox "memory leak"" (http:/ / web. archive. org/ web/ 20110717141231/ http:/ / weblogs. mozillazine. org/ ben/ archives/ 009749. html). Archived from the original (http:/ / weblogs. mozillazine. org/ ben/ archives/ 009749. html) on 2011-07-17. . Retrieved November 17, 2007. [9] MozillaZine Knowledge Base contributors (January 19, 2007). "Problematic Extensions" (http:/ / kb. mozillazine. org/ ?title=Problematic_extensions& oldid=30448). MozillaZine Knowledge Base. . Retrieved January 24, 2007. [10] MozillaZine Knowledge Base contributors (January 17, 2007). "Adobe Reader" (http:/ / kb. mozillazine. org/ ?title=Adobe_Reader& oldid=30451). MozillaZine Knowledge Base. . Retrieved January 24, 2007. [11] Muchmore, Michael W. (July 19, 2006). "Which New Browser Is Best: Firefox 2, Internet Explorer 7, or Opera 9?" (http:/ / www. pcmag. com/ article2/ 0,2817,1991370,00. asp). PC Magazine. . Retrieved January 24, 2007. [12] Muradin, Alex (November 30, 2005). "Mozilla Firefox 1.5 Final Review" (http:/ / www. softpedia. com/ reviews/ windows/ Mozilla-Firefox-Review-13677. shtml). Softpedia. . Retrieved September 22, 2006. [13] Wilton-Jones, Mark. "Browser Speed Comparisons" (http:/ / www. howtocreate. co. uk/ browserSpeed. html#winspeed). How To Create. . Retrieved January 24, 2007. [14] "Firefox Preloader" (https:/ / sourceforge. net/ projects/ ffpreloader/ ). SourceForge. . Retrieved April 26, 2007. [15] Dargahi, Ross (October 19, 2006). "IE 7 vs IE 6" (http:/ / www. zimbrablog. com/ blog/ archives/ 2006/ 10/ ie-7-vs-ie-6. html). Zimbra. . Retrieved January 24, 2007. [16] Ryan Paul (March 17, 2008). "Firefox 3 goes on a diet, eats less memory than IE and Opera" (http:/ / arstechnica. com/ open-source/ news/ 2008/ 03/ firefox-3-goes-on-a-diet-eats-less-memory-than-ie-and-opera. ars). Ars Technica. . Retrieved June 1, 2008. [17] "Browser Performance Comparisons" (http:/ / cybernetnews. com/ cybernotes-browser-performance-comparisons/ ). 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"Two Champions Are Crowned: Windows 7 and Linux" (http:/ / www. tomshardware. com/ reviews/ chrome-17-firefox-10-ubuntu,3129-18. html). tomshardware.com. . Retrieved February 21, 2012. [157] By Adam Overa. "Crowning Two Champions In Windows 7 And OS X" (http:/ / www. tomshardware. com/ reviews/ chrome-17-firefox-10-ubuntu,3129-18. html). tomshardware.com. . Retrieved January 6, 2012. [158] By Adam Overa. "The Crowning Of A Champion" (http:/ / www. tomshardware. com/ reviews/ firefox-7-web-browser,3037-17. html). tomshardware.com. . Retrieved September 30, 2011. [159] "Mozilla Firefox CNET Reviews" (http:/ / download. cnet. com/ mozilla-firefox/ ). . Retrieved May 10, 2012. [160] "Top 10 Mac downloads of 2010" (http:/ / download. cnet. com/ 8301-2007_4-20026094-12. html). CNET. December 20, 2010. . Retrieved May 10, 2012. [161] "Webware 100 winner: Firefox" (http:/ / news. cnet. com/ 8301-13546_109-10236988-29. html). CNET. May 19, 2009. . Retrieved May 10, 2012. [162] "Browser of the Year" (http:/ / www. linuxquestions. org/ questions/ 2008-linuxquestions-org-members-choice-awards-83/ browser-of-the-year-695619/ ). LinuxQuestions.org. February 8, 2009. . Retrieved May 10, 2012. [163] By Michael Muchmore (June 17, 2008). "Firefox 3 – At A Glance — Reviews by PC Magazine" (http:/ / www. pcmag. com/ article2/ 0,2817,2317294,00. asp). PCMag.com. . Retrieved December 19, 2009. [164] "Firefox 3 Browser reviews — CNET Reviews" (http:/ / reviews. cnet. com/ browsers/ firefox-3/ 4505-3514_7-33087853. html). . Retrieved July 18, 2008. [165] "The 100 Best Products of 2008 – numbers 21 through 30" (http:/ / www. pcworld. com/ article/ 146161-4/ the_100_best_products_of_2008. html). . Retrieved April 13, 2009. [166] "Webware 100 Award Winner Firefox" (http:/ / www. webware. com/ 8301-13546_109-9913314-29. html). . Retrieved April 25, 2008. [167] "Webware 100 Award Winner Firefox" (http:/ / www. webware. com/ 8301-13546_109-9729691-29. html). . 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[174] "PC Pro Awards 2005 – the winners" (http:/ / www. pcpro. co. uk/ news/ 81155/ pc-pro-awards-2005-the-winners. html). . Retrieved October 22, 2007. [175] "Firefox 1.5, CNET editors review" (http:/ / reviews. cnet. com/ security-utility-services/ firefox-1-5/ 4505-9241_7-31516411. html?tag=prod). . Retrieved October 22, 2007. [176] "First UK UPA Awards commend Firefox, Flickr, Google, Apple, John Lewis and BA" (http:/ / www. usabilitynews. com/ news/ article2786. asp). . Retrieved October 22, 2007. [177] "Web browser roundup" (http:/ / www. macworld. com/ article/ 47001/ 2005/ 09/ browserrdp. html). . Retrieved October 22, 2007. [178] "Firefox Receives Softpedia User’s Choice Award" (http:/ / news. softpedia. com/ news/ Firefox-Receives-the-Softpedia-User-s-Choice-Award-8221. shtml). . Retrieved October 22, 2007. [179] "UX 2005 Readers Choice Award Winners Announced" (http:/ / www. tuxmagazine. com/ node/ 1000151). . Retrieved October 22, 2007. 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    • Firefox 28 Further reading • Cheah, Chu Yeow (2005). Firefox Secrets: A Need-To-Know Guide. OReilly. ISBN 0-9752402-4-2. • Feldt, Kenneth C. (2007). Programming Firefox. OReilly. ISBN 0-596-10243-7. • Granneman, Scott (2005). Dont Click on the Blue e!: Switching to Firefox. OReilly. ISBN 0-596-00939-9. • Hofmann, Chris; Marcia Knous, & John Hedtke (2005). Firefox and Thunderbird Garage. Prentice Hall PTR. ISBN 0-13-187004-1. • McFarlane, Nigel (2005). Firefox Hacks. OReilly. ISBN 0-596-00928-3. • Reyes, Mel (2005). Hacking Firefox: More Than 150 Hacks, Mods, and Customizations. Wiley. ISBN 0-7645-9650-0. • Ross, Blake (2006). Firefox for Dummies. Wiley. ISBN 0-471-74899-4. External links • Official website (http://www.firefox.com) for end-users • Firefox Nightly Builds (http://nightly.mozilla.org/) • Firefox ESR Builds (http://www.mozilla.org/en-US/firefox/organizations/all.html) • Mozilla Foundation homepage (http://www.mozilla.org/) • Firefox Marketing/Advertising Site (http://www.spreadfirefox.com/) • Firefox (http://www.dmoz.org/Computers/Software/Internet/Clients/WWW/Browsers/Firefox/) at the Open Directory Project History of Firefox The Mozilla Firefox project was created by Dave Hyatt and Blake Ross as an experimental branch of the Mozilla browser. Firefox 1.0 was released on November 9, 2004. Firefox 1.5 was released on November 29, 2005. Version 2.0 was released on October 24, 2006. Firefox 3.0 was released on June 17, 2008, with Version 3.5 and Version 3.6 released on June 30, 2009 and January 21, 2010 respectively. Version 4.0 was released on March 22, 2011. With Version 5.0 onwards the rapid release cycle was realised which envisions a new major version release every six weeks on Tuesday. The latest version, Firefox 14.0.1 was released on July 17, 2012. History Naming The project which became Firefox started as an experimental branch of the Mozilla Suite called m/b (or mozilla/browser). After it had been sufficiently developed, binaries for public testing appeared in September 2002 under the name Phoenix. The Phoenix name was kept until April 14, 2003, when it was changed because of a trademark dispute with the BIOS manufacturer, Phoenix Technologies (which produces a BIOS-based browser called Phoenix FirstWare Connect). The new name, Firebird, met with mixed reactions, particularly as the Firebird database server already carried the name. In response, the Mozilla Foundation stated that the browser should always bear the name Mozilla Firebird to avoid confusion with the database software. Continuing pressure from the Firebird community forced another change,[1] and on February 9, 2004 the project was renamed Mozilla Firefox (or Firefox for short).[2] The name "Firefox" (a reference to the red panda)[3] was chosen for its similarity to "Firebird", but also for its uniqueness in the computing industry. To ensure that no further name changes would be necessary, the Mozilla Foundation began the process of registering Firefox[4] as a trademark with the United States Patent and Trademark Office in December 2003. This trademark process led to a delay of several months in the release of Firefox 0.8 when
    • History of Firefox 29 the foundation discovered that Firefox had already been registered as a trademark in the UK[5] for Charlton Company software.[6] The situation was resolved when the foundation was given a license to use Charltons European trademark. Early versions Hyatt, Ross, Hewitt and Chanials[7] browser was created to combat the software bloat of the Mozilla Suite (codenamed, internally referred to, and continued by the community as SeaMonkey), which integrated features such as IRC, mail and news, and WYSIWYG HTML editing into one software suite. Firefox retains the cross-platform nature of the original Mozilla browser, using the XUL user interface markup language. The use of XUL makes it possible to extend the browsers capabilities through the use of extensions and themes. The development and installation processes of these add-ons raised security concerns, Phoenix 0.1, the first official release and with the release of Firefox 0.9, the Mozilla Foundation opened a Mozilla Update website containing "approved" themes and extensions. The use of XUL sets Firefox apart from other browsers, including other projects based on Mozillas Gecko layout engine and most other browsers, which use interfaces native to their respective platforms (Galeon and Epiphany use GTK+; K-Meleon uses MFC; and Camino uses Cocoa). Many of these projects were started before Firefox, and probably served as inspiration. On February 5, 2004, business and IT consulting company AMS categorized Mozilla Firefox (then known as Firebird) as a "Tier 1" ("Best of Breed") open source product, considering it technically strong and virtually risk-free.[8] Version 1.0 Firefox 1.0 was released on November 9, 2004[9]. The launch of version 1.0 was accompanied by "a respectable amount of pre-launch fervor"[10] including a fan-organized campaign to run a full-page ad in The New York Times. Although the Mozilla Foundation had intended to make the Mozilla Suite obsolete and replace it with Firefox, the Foundation continued to maintain the suite until April 12, 2006[11] because it had many corporate users and was bundled with other software. The Mozilla community (as opposed to the Foundation) continues to release new versions of the suite, using the product name Firefox 1.0, the first release targeted for general public SeaMonkey to avoid confusion with the original Mozilla Suite.
    • History of Firefox 30 Version 1.5 On June 23, 2005, the Mozilla Foundation announced that Firefox 1.1 (which became Firefox 1.5) and other new Mozilla products would no longer support Mac OS X v10.1, in order to improve the quality of Firefox releases on Mac OS X v10.2 and above. Mac 10.1 users could still use Firefox versions from the 1.0.x branch (e.g. Firefox 1.0.7). "Deer Park", the codename of the Firefox 1.1 and 1.5 Alphas, did not include Firefox branding. Firefox 1.5 was released on November 30, 2005. While Firefox 1.5 was originally slated to arrive later, the Mozilla Foundation abandoned the 1.1 release plan after the first two 1.1 alpha builds, merging it with the feature set of 1.5, which ended up being released later than the original 1.1 date. The new version resynchronized the code base of the release builds (as opposed to nightly builds) with the core "trunk", which contained additional features not available in 1.0, as it branched from the trunk around the 0.9 release. As such, there was a backlog of bug fixes between 0.9 and the release of 1.0, which were made available in 1.5. Version 1.5 implemented a new Mac-like options Updated options window introduced in interface [12], the subject of much criticism from Windows and Linux users, Firefox 1.5 with a "Sanitize [13]" action to allow someone to clear their privacy-related information without manually clicking the "Clear All" button. In Firefox 1.5, a user could clear all privacy-related settings simply by exiting the browser or using a keyboard shortcut, depending on their settings. Moreover, the software update system was improved [14] (with binary patches now possible). There were also improvements [15] in the extension management system, with a number of new developer features [16]. In addition, Firefox 1.5 had preliminary SVG 1.1 support.[17] Alpha builds of Firefox 1.5 (1.1a1 and 1.1a2) did not carry Firefox branding; they were labeled "Deer Park" (which was Firefox 1.5s internal codename) and contained a different program icon. This was done to dissuade end-users from downloading preview versions, which are intended for developers only. Firefox was the final version supported on Windows 95.
    • History of Firefox 31 Version 2 On October 24, 2006, Mozilla released Firefox 2. This version includes updates to the tabbed browsing environment; the extensions manager; the GUI (Graphical User Interface); and the find, search and software update engines; a new session restore feature; inline spell checking; and an anti-phishing feature which was implemented by Google as an extension,[18][19] and later merged into the program itself.[20] In December 2007, Firefox Live Chat was launched. It allows users to ask volunteers questions through a system powered by Jive Software, with guaranteed hours of operation and the possibility of Mozilla Firefox running on Ubuntu [21] help after hours. Firefox is the final version which can run under an unmodified installation of Windows NT 4.0, Windows 98, and Windows ME.[22] Mozilla Firefox 2.0.0.x was the final version supported on Windows NT 4.0, 98 and Me. Mozilla Corporation announced it would not develop new versions of Firefox 2 after the release, but continued Firefox 2 development as long as other programs, such as Thunderbird mail client, depended on it. The final internal release was, released in late April 2009. Version 3 Firefox 3 was released on June 17, 2008,[23] by the Mozilla Corporation. Firefox 3 uses version 1.9 of the Mozilla Gecko layout engine for displaying web pages. This version fixes many bugs, improves standard compliance, and implements new web APIs.[24] Other new features include a redesigned download manager, a new "Places" system for storing bookmarks and history, and separate themes for different operating systems. Tabbed browsing was more popularised in this version. The final version under 3.0 is Firefox 3.0.19. Development stretches back to the first Firefox 3 beta (under the codename Gran Paradiso[25]) which had Mozilla Firefox 3.0 on Ubuntu been released several months earlier on 19 November 2007,[26] and was followed by several more beta releases in spring 2008 culminating in the June release.[27] Firefox 3 had more than 8 million unique downloads the day it was released, setting a Guinness World Record.[28]
    • History of Firefox 32 Version 3.5 Version 3.5, codenamed Shiretoko,[29] adds a variety of new features to Firefox. Initially numbered Firefox 3.1, Mozilla developers decided to change the numbering of the release to 3.5, in order to reflect a significantly greater scope of changes than originally planned.[30] The final release was on June 30, 2009. The changes included much faster performance thanks to an upgrade to SpiderMonkey JavaScript engine called TraceMonkey and rendering [31] improvements, and support for the <video> and <audio> tags as defined in the HTML 5 specification, with a goal to offer video playback without being encumbered by patent problems associated Firefox 3.5 on Ubuntu [32] with many video technologies. Cross-site XMLHttpRequests (XHR), which can allow for more powerful web applications and an easier way to implement mashups, are also implemented in 3.5.[33] A new global JSON object contains native functions to efficiently and safely serialize and deserialize JSON objects, as specified by the ECMAScript 3.1 draft.[34] Full CSS 3 selector [35] support has been added. Firefox 3.5 uses the Gecko 1.9.1 engine, which includes a few features that were not included in the 3.0 release. Multi-touch trackpad support was also added to the release, including gesture support like pinching for zooming and swiping for back and forward.[36] Firefox 3.5 also features an updated logo.[37] Version 3.6 Version 3.6, released on January 21, 2010, uses the Gecko 1.9.2 engine and includes several interface improvements, such as "personas". This release was referred to as 3.2 before 3.1 was changed to 3.5. The codename for this version was Namoroka. One minor update to Firefox 3.6, version 3.6.4 (code-named Lorentz) is the first minor update to make non-intrusive changes other than minor stability and security fixes.[38] It adds Out of Process Plugins (OOPP), which runs plugins in a separate process, allowing Firefox to recover from plugin crashes. Firefox 3.6.6 lengthens the amount of time a plug-in is allowed to be unresponsive before the plug-in quits.[39] Support for Firefox 3.6 ended on 24 April 2012.[40]
    • History of Firefox 33 Version 4.0 Firefox 3.7 (Gecko 1.9.3) Alpha 1 was released on February 10, 2010.[41][42] Alpha 2 was released on March 1, 2010, Alpha 3 on March 17, Alpha 4 on April 12, and Alpha 5 on June 16. The version number was changed to 4.0 (and Geckos was changed to 2.0) starting with Beta 1, released on July 6, 2010. Beta 2 was released on July 27, Beta 3 on August 11, Beta 4 on August 24, Beta 5 on September 7, Beta 6 (a chemspill release) on September 14. After major delays, Beta 7 was finally Firefox 4.0 displaying Wikipedia on Windows 7 released on November 10. Beta 7 was followed by Beta 8, released on December 21. Beta 9 was released on January 14, 2011, Beta 10 on January 25, Beta 11 on February 8, and Beta 12 on February 12. Firefox then moved into the RC stage.[43] The Final Version of Firefox 4 was released on March 22, 2011.[44] Version 4 brought a new user interface and is said to be faster.[45] Early mockups of the new interface on Windows, Mac OS X, and Linux were first made available in July 2009.[46][47][48] Other new features included improved notifications, tab groups, application tabs, a redesigned add-on manager, integration with Firefox Sync, and support for multitouch displays.[49][50][51][52][53] On October 13, 2006, Brendan Eich, Mozillas Chief Technology Officer, wrote about the plans for "Mozilla 2", referring to the most comprehensive iteration (since its creation) of the overall platform on which Firefox and other Mozilla products run.[54] Most of the objectives were gradually incorporated into Firefox through versions 3.0, 3.5, and 3.6. The largest changes, however, were planned for Firefox 4. Firefox 4 was based on the Gecko 2.0 engine, which added or improved support for HTML5, CSS3, WebM, and WebGL.[55][56] It also included a new JavaScript engine (JägerMonkey) and better XPCOM APIs.[57] Rapid release In April 2011, the development process was split into several "channels", each working on a build in a different stage of development. The most recent available build is called "Nightly Builds" and offers the latest, untested features and updates. The "Aurora" build is up to six weeks behind "Nightly" and offers functionality that has undergone basic testing. The "Beta" channel is another six weeks away. It provides improved stability over the nightly builds and is the first development milestone that has the "Firefox" logo. "Release" is the current official version of Firefox. New releases are planned to occur at six week intervals.[58] The stated aim of this faster-paced process is to get new features to users faster.[59] This accelerated release cycle was met with criticism by users, as it often broke addon compatibility,[60] as well as those who believe Firefox was simply trying to increase its version number to compare with other browsers such as Google Chrome.[61]
    • History of Firefox 34 Version 5 Firefox 5 was released on June 21, 2011,[62] three months after the major release of Firefox 4. Firefox 5 is the first release in Mozillas new rapid release plan, matching Google Chromes rapid release schedule and rapid version number increments.[63] Version 5 improved the speed of the browser significantly when it was asked to perform web related tasks, such as loading pages with lots of combo-boxes and loading pages utilizing MathML. Mozilla also integrated the HTML5 video WebM standard into the browser, allowing playback of WebM video.[64] Version 6 Mozilla released its Mozilla Firefox 6.0 on August 16, 2011. The update brought: permissions manager, new address bar highlighting (the domain name is black while the rest of the URL is gray[65]), streamlining the look of the site identity block, quicker startup time, a ScratchPad JavaScript compiler, and many other new features.[66] Version 7 Firefox 7, released September 27, 2011, uses as much as 50% less memory than Firefox 4 as a result of the MemShrink project to reduce ScratchPad Firefox memory usage.[67][68][69] Mozilla Firefox 7.0.1 was released a few days later, fixing a rare but serious issue with add-ons not being detected by the browser.[70] The "http://" protocol indicator no longer appears in the URL.[65] Version 8 Firefox 8 was released on November 8, 2011. Firefox 8 verified that users really wanted any previously installed add-ons. Upon installation, a dialog box prompted users to enable or disable the add-ons. Add-ons installed by third-party programs were disabled by default, but user-installed add-ons were enabled by default. Mozilla judged that third-party-installed add-ons were problematic, taking away user control, lagging behind on compatibility and security updates, slowing down Firefox start-up and page loading time, and cluttering the interface with unused toolbars.[71] Version 9 Firefox 9 was released on December 20, 2011; version 9.0.1 was released a day later. Firefox 9 includes various new features such as Type Inference, which boosts JavaScript performance by up to 30%, improved theme integration for Mac OS X Lion, added two finger swipe navigation for Mac OS X Lion, added support for querying Do Not Track status via JavaScript, added support for font-stretch, improved support for text-overflow, improved standards support for HTML5, MathML, and CSS, and fixed several security problems. It also features a large list of bug fixes.[72] Version 10 Firefox 10 was released on January 31, 2012. It is the first official extended support release. Firefox 10 hides the forward arrow button until there is a website to go forward to, or it is manually activated.[73] Firefox 10 adds a Full Screen API and improved WebGL performance.[74] Firefox 10 assumed all add-ons are compatible with version 10, as long as they are written for at least Firefox 4. The add-on developer is able Style Inspector to alert Mozilla that the add-on is incompatible, overriding compatibility with version 10 or later. This new rule also does not apply to themes.[75]
    • History of Firefox 35 Firefox 10 added the CSS Style Inspector to the Page Inspector, which allow users to check out a sites structure and edit the CSS without leaving the browser.[76] Firefox 10 added support for CSS 3D Transforms and for anti-aliasing in the WebGL standard for hardware-accelerated 3D graphics. These updates mean that complex site and Web app animations will render more smoothly in Firefox, and that developers can animate 2D objects into 3D without plug-ins.[74] Version 11 Firefox 11 was released on March 13, 2012. Firefox 11 introduced many new features, including Google Chrome migration, SPDY integrated services, Page Inspector Tilt (3D View), Add-on Sync, redesigned HTML5 video controls, and the Style Editor (CSS).[77] The update also fixed many bugs, and improved developer tools.[78] Version 12 3D Page Inspector Firefox 12 was released on April 24, 2012. Firefox 12 introduced few new features, but it made many changes and laid the ground work for future releases. Firefox 12 removed the UAC prompt in Windows, added line numbers in the "Page Source" and centered find in page results. There were 89 improvements to Web Console, Scratchpad, Style Editor, Page Inspector, Style Inspector, HTML view and Page Inspector 3D view (Tilt).[79] Many bugs were fixed, as well as many other minor under-the-hood changes.[80][81] Firefox 12 is the final release to support Windows 2000 and Windows XP RTM & SP1.[82][83] Firefox for Ubuntu Version 13 Firefox 13 was released on June 5th, 2012.[58] Firefox 13 adds and updates several features, such as an updated new tab[84] and home tab page.[85] The updated new tab page is a feature similar to the Speed Dial already present in Opera, Google Chrome, Apple Safari, and Windows Internet Explorer. The new tab page will display nine of the users most visited websites, along with a cached image. In addition to the updated new tab and home tab page, Mozilla has added a user profile cleaner/reset, reduced hang times, and implemented tabs on demand.[86] The user profile cleaner/reset New Tab page provides a way for users to fix Firefox errors and glitches that may occur.[87] Mozillas tabs on demand restores tabs that were open in the previous session, but will keep the tabs unloaded until the user requests to view the page.[88] Starting with this version, Windows support was exclusively for Windows XP SP2/SP3, Windows Vista, & Windows 7.
    • History of Firefox 36 Version 14 Firefox 14.0 for Android was released on June 26, 2012, just outside the regular release schedule of the web browser.[89][58] In order to sync up the version numbers of the desktop and mobile version of Firefox, Mozilla decided to release Firefox 14.0.1 for mobile and desktop on July 17, 2012, instead of Firefox 14.0 for the desktop and Firefox 14.0.1 for mobile clients.[89] Mozilla plans to implement support for Windows 8 in Firefox 14. Firefox for Metro, like all other Metro apps, will be fullscreen, focused on touch interactions, and connected to the Home tab page rest of the Metro environment. Firefox will support three "snap" states — fullscreen, ~1/6th screen and ~5/6th screen. The "snap" state Firefox uses depends on how the user "docks" the other application.[90] A new hang detector (similar to how Mozilla currently collects other data) allows Mozilla to collect, analyze, and identify the cause of the browser freezing/hanging. Mozilla will use this information to improve the responsiveness of Firefox for future releases.[91] In addition to tackling freezing and not-responding errors that occur because of Firefox, Mozilla implemented opt-in activation for plugins such as Flash and Java. Mozilla wants to reduce potential problems that could arise through the unwanted use of third-party applications (malware, freezing, etc.).[92] URL complete will suggest the website that Firefox believes the user plans on visiting. It does this by inserting the remaining characters into the URL form box.[93] Firefox 14 has an optional GStreamer back-end for HTML5 video tag playback. This allows playback of H.264 if the codec is installed as a GStreamer plugin. GStreamer support is not enabled in the official builds, but can be enabled at compile time. The first beta version of Firefox 14 was not beta 1, but beta 6[94] and was released on June 5th, 2012. Future releases Test builds can be downloaded from the Firefox development channels: "Beta", "Aurora", and "Nightly". As of July 2012, Firefox 15 beta is in the "Beta" channel, Firefox 16 alpha is in the "Aurora" channel, and Firefox 17 pre-alpha is in the "Nightly" channel. Features planned for future versions include silent updating so that version increments will not bother the user, although the user will be able to disable that function.[95] A different looking user-interface called "Australis" is also planned.[96] Version 15 Firefox 15 is scheduled for August 28, 2012 release.[58] Mozilla has provided this list of features that it hopes to implement, but these features are likely to be pushed back to a later release version.[97] This version includes a "Responsive Design View" developer tool[98], adds support for the Opus audio format [99] and adds preliminary native PDF support. Silent updates will automatically update Firefox to the latest version without notifying the user,[100] a feature that the web browsers Google Chrome and Internet Explorer 8 and above have already implemented.[101][102] Mozilla will improve regular start-up time for Windows users.[103]
    • History of Firefox 37 Version 16 Firefox 16 is scheduled to be released on October 9, 2012. Current plans for Firefox 16 call for fixing of bugs still outstanding involving support of new features in Lion, improvements to start-up speed when a user wants to restore a previous session.[104], and support for viewing PDF files inline without a plugin. The panel-based download manager originally scheduled for Firefox 15 was retargeted to Firefox 16 due to too many bugs.[105] Version 17 Firefox 17 is scheduled to be released on November 20, 2012. Firefox 17 ESR is also scheduled to be released on November 20, 2012. Very few features are targeted for Firefox 17 at this time - there are only two: Improved display of location bar results[106] and improvements to the silent update mechanism for users with incompatible add-ons[107]. Extended Support Release In January 2012, the Mozilla Foundation announced the availability of an Extended Support Release version of Firefox.[108] Firefox ESR is intended for groups who deploy and maintain the desktop environment in large organizations such as universities and other schools, county or city governments and businesses. ESR include silent, automatic updating, continuity of support through 9 cycles (54 weeks), with the final 2 cycles overlapping the next version. Example: ESR jumps from 10.0 to 17.0, then to 24.0 etc. Every six weeks when a new mainstream Firefox release is made under the rapid release cycle, a regular security update would also be released for the then-current ESR version. For example, ESR 10.0.1 would be expected to be released at the same time as Firefox 11. Then ESR 10.0.2, 10.0.3 etc. would also be released. At Firefox 16, ESR would reach version 10.0.6. At Firefox 17 and Firefox 18, there would be two ESR versions supported. Respectively, ESR 10.0.7 and ESR 17.0.0; ESR 10.0.8, ESR 17.0.1. Finally, when Firefox reaches 19.0, ESR 10.0 would go end-of-life alongside the release of ESR 17.0.2. The cycle repeats again. Note: Users can only manually get ESR 17.0.x from ESR 10.0.x through Firefox Updater.[109][110] However, severe flaws discovered in a shipping version of Firefox may disrupt the regular release schedule. For example, two unplanned releases of Firefox 10.0.1 and 10.0.2 were made within 17 days of the initial release of Firefox 10. Firefox ESR 10.0.1 and 10.0.2 were also released at the same times to address the same flaws. Therefore, assuming no further critical flaws are discovered in the interim, the next regular scheduled security and stability update for Firefox ESR 10.0.x, coinciding with Firefox 11, will actually be Firefox ESR 10.0.3, and all future versions of Firefox ESR 10.0.x will be similarly offset relative to the version progression presented above.
    • History of Firefox 38 "Delicious delicacies" Early Firefox releases featured a preferences panel that described cookies thus: "Cookies are delicious delicacies". The phrase was representative of the programmers quirky sense of humor and was a reflection of the free software movements unconventional approach. The phrase became something of a cult legend and was even featured in an OReilly computer book. The original text was inserted by Blake Ross, one of the lead developers of Firefox, because, he said [111], "describing something so complicated in such A screenshot showing the "cookies are a small space was quite frankly the last thing I wanted to worry about after delicious delicacies" line rewriting the cookie manager". However, in reflection of the growing acceptance and use of the Firefox browser in the Internet mainstream, the text was later changed. It was labeled a bug,[112] and was "fixed" by Mike Connor to read, "Cookies are pieces of information stored by web pages on your computer. They are used to remember login information and other data." The revision was regarded as more likely to be helpful to less technically oriented computer users who were now using Firefox—representing Mozillas desire to appeal to mainstream users. The text became a popular in-joke and on August 2004, the Delicious Delicacies extension [113], no longer maintained or updated, was released by Jesse Ruderman. The extension restored the old description of cookies, available in several languages. As of Firefox 2.0, cookies are no longer described in the preferences window. Notes [1] Festa, Paul (February 10, 2004). "New Mozilla name rises from ashes" (http:/ / www. zdnet. co. uk/ news/ desktop-apps/ 2004/ 02/ 10/ new-mozilla-name-rises-from-ashes-39145898/ ). CNet News. CBS Interactive. . Retrieved April 3, 2011. [2] "NEW ROUND OF RELEASES EXTENDS MOZILLA PROJECT’S STANDARDS BASED OPEN SOURCE OFFERINGS" (http:/ / www-archive. mozilla. org/ press/ mozilla-2004-02-09. html). archive.mozilla.org. Mozilla Foundation. June 13, 2005. . Retrieved April 3, 2011. [3] "Brand Name Frequently Asked Questions" (http:/ / www. mozilla. org/ projects/ firefox/ firefox-name-faq. html). . Retrieved July 28, 2011. [4] U.S. Trademark 78344043 (http:/ / tarr. uspto. gov/ servlet/ tarr?regser=serial& entry=78344043) [5] UK Trademark 2007607 (http:/ / www. patent. gov. uk/ t-find-number?detailsrequested=C& trademark=2007607) [6] Class 09: Computer software for use in managed communications and connectivity. Class 42: Computer consultancy services; licensing and rental of computer software; design and development of computer software; maintenance, installation and up-dating of computer software; advisory services relating to computer programs and software [7] www.mozilla.org/en-US/firefox/releases/0.1.html [8] Keating, Wick (2004-02-05). "Open source: Swimming with the tide. In Consultants Briefing". CIO Magazine. [9] "Mozilla Firefox 1.0 Release Notes" (https:/ / www. mozilla. org/ en-US/ firefox/ releases/ 1. 0. html). Mozilla. 2004-11-09. . Retrieved 2012-06-13. [10] "Firefox browser takes on Microsoft" (http:/ / news. bbc. co. uk/ 2/ hi/ technology/ 3993959. stm). BBC News. 2004-11-09. . Retrieved 2012-06-13. [11] "Mozilla Developer News » Blog Archive » Sunset Announcement for Fx/Tb 1.0.x and Mozilla Suite 1.7.x" (https:/ / developer. mozilla. org/ devnews/ index. php/ 2006/ 04/ 12/ sunset-announcement-for-fxtb-10x-and-mozilla-suite-17x/ ). Mozilla Developer Network. 2006-04-12. . Retrieved 2009-08-06. [12] http:/ / web. archive. org/ web/ 20110623032221/ http:/ / weblogs. mozillazine. org/ ben/ archives/ 007377. html [13] http:/ / web. archive. org/ web/ 20110623033135/ http:/ / weblogs. mozillazine. org/ ben/ archives/ 007150. html [14] http:/ / web. archive. org/ web/ 20110623032258/ http:/ / weblogs. mozillazine. org/ ben/ archives/ 008067. html [15] http:/ / web. archive. org/ web/ 20110623031727/ http:/ / weblogs. mozillazine. org/ ben/ archives/ 008066. html [16] http:/ / www-archive. mozilla. org/ projects/ deerpark/ new-extension-dev-features. html [17] as shown in Mozillas Bugzilla database [18] "Google Safe Browsing for Firefox" (http:/ / www. google. com/ tools/ firefox/ safebrowsing). Google. . Retrieved 2007-02-05.
    • History of Firefox 39 [19] Mozilla wiki contributors. "Phishing Protection Design Documentation — Background" (https:/ / wiki. mozilla. org/ ?title=Phishing_Protection:_Design_Documentation& oldid=46996#Background). Mozilla wiki. . Retrieved 2007-01-24. [20] "Mozilla Firefox 2 Release Notes" (http:/ / www. mozilla. com/ firefox/ 2. 0/ releasenotes/ ). Mozilla Corporation. . Retrieved 2006-12-19. [21] "Firefox Support Blog » Blog Archive » Firefox Live Chat launching today" (http:/ / blog. mozilla. com/ sumo/ 2007/ 12/ 28/ firefox-live-chat-launching-today/ ). The Mozilla Blog. 2007-12-28. . Retrieved 2009-12-19. [22] "Firefox Release Notes" (http:/ / www. mozilla. org/ en-US/ firefox/ 2. 0. 0. 20/ releasenotes/ ). Mozilla. . Retrieved 2012-03-30. [23] "Firefox 3 available today at 17:00 UTC (10am PDT)" (https:/ / developer. mozilla. org/ devnews/ index. php/ 2008/ 06/ 17/ firefox-3-available-today-at-1700-utc-10am-pdt/ ). Mozilla Developer Center. 2008-06-17. . 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[78] "Firefox 11 Release Notes" (https:/ / www. mozilla. org/ en-US/ firefox/ 11. 0/ releasenotes). Mozilla. . Retrieved 2012-03-13. [79] "Aurora 12 is out – improvements and updated Developer Tools" (http:/ / hacks. mozilla. org/ 2012/ 02/ aurora-12-is-out-improvements-and-updated-developer-tools/ ). Mozilla.org. 2012-02-03. . Retrieved 2012-05-10. [80] "Mozilla Firefox 12 test plan" (https:/ / wiki. mozilla. org/ Releases/ Firefox_12/ Test_Plan). Mozilla. . Retrieved 2012-03-13. [81] "Firefox 12 Release Notes" (https:/ / www. mozilla. org/ en-US/ firefox/ 12. 0/ releasenotes). Mozilla. . Retrieved 2012-03-13. [82] "Firefox 3.6 official support to end Tuesday" (http:/ / www. neowin. net/ news/ firefox-36-official-support-to-end-tuesday). Neowin. . Retrieved 2012-04-22. [83] "End of Firefox Support for Windows 2000" (http:/ / weblogs. mozillazine. org/ asa/ archives/ 2012/ 01/ end_of_firefox_win2k. html). MozillaZine Weblogs. January 27, 2012. . Retrieved January 27, 2012. [84] "New Tab Page" (https:/ / wiki. mozilla. org/ Firefox/ Features/ New_Tab_Page). Mozilla. . Retrieved 2012-03-13. [85] "Home Tab" (https:/ / wiki. mozilla. org/ Features/ Desktop/ Firefox_Home_Tab). Mozilla. . Retrieved 2012-03-13. [86] "Test Plan Firefox 13" (https:/ / wiki. mozilla. org/ index. php?title=Releases/ Firefox_13/ Test_Plan). Mozilla. . Retrieved 2012-03-13.
    • History of Firefox 41 [87] "User profile reset/cleaner" (https:/ / wiki. mozilla. org/ Support/ Firefox_Features/ Clean_up_user_profile). Mozilla. . Retrieved 2012-03-13. [88] "Tabs on Demand" (https:/ / wiki. mozilla. org/ Tab_on_demand). Mozilla. . Retrieved 2012-03-13. [89] Brinkmann, Martin (2012-07-17). "Firefox 14.0.1 available, Why there wont be a Firefox 14.0 release" (http:/ / www. ghacks. net/ 2012/ 07/ 17/ firefox-14-0-1-available-why-there-wont-be-a-firefox-14-0-release/ ). ghacks.net. . Retrieved 2012-07-17. [90] "Windows8 Metro Firefox" (https:/ / wiki. mozilla. org/ Windows8). Mozilla. . Retrieved 2012-03-15. [91] "Hang detector and reporter" (https:/ / wiki. mozilla. org/ Hang_Detector_and_Reporter:). Mozilla. . Retrieved 2012-03-13. [92] "Opt-in activation for plugins" (https:/ / wiki. mozilla. org/ Opt-in_activation_for_plugins). Mozilla. . Retrieved 2012-03-15. [93] "Inline URL autocomplete" (https:/ / wiki. mozilla. org/ Firefox/ Features/ URL_Autocomplete). Mozilla. . Retrieved 2012-03-13. [94] "Beta 6 to be first beta version of Firefox" (http:/ / www. camp-firefox. de/ node/ 516). Camp-Firefox (German). . Retrieved 2012-06-08. [95] Gregg Keizer. "Mozilla aims to add silent updating to Firefox 10" (http:/ / www. computerworld. com/ s/ article/ print/ 9220513/ Mozilla_aims_to_add_silent_updating_to_Firefox_10). Computerworld.com. . Retrieved 2012-03-17. [96] "Mozilla unveils new Firefox interface for Firefox 9 and beyond" (http:/ / www. extremetech. com/ computing/ 91652-mozilla-unveils-new-firefox-interface-for-firefox-9-and-beyond). ExtremeTech. 2011-07-01. . Retrieved 2011-10-02. [97] "Firefox 15 test plan" (https:/ / wiki. mozilla. org/ Releases/ Firefox_15/ Test_Plan). Mozilla. . Retrieved 2012-04-26. [98] "Debugger, Responsive Design View and more in Firefox Aurora 15" (https:/ / hacks. mozilla. org/ 2012/ 07/ debugger-responsive-design-view-and-more-in-firefox-aurora-15/ ). Mozilla. . Retrieved 2012-07-20. [99] "Firefox Beta 15 supports the new Opus audio format" (https:/ / hacks. mozilla. org/ 2012/ 07/ firefox-beta-15-supports-the-new-opus-audio-format/ ). Mozilla. . Retrieved 2012-07-20. [100] "Silent Updater" (https:/ / wiki. mozilla. org/ Silent_Update_updater). Mozilla. . Retrieved 2012-03-13. [101] Thomas Duebendorfer1, Stefan Frei, Why Silent Updates Boost Security (http:/ / www. techzoom. net/ publications/ silent-updates/ ), April 2009 [102] Peter Bright, State of the Browser: Chrome closes on Firefox, IE6 dying out (http:/ / arstechnica. com/ business/ news/ 2012/ 01/ state-of-the-browser-chrome-closes-on-firefox-ie6-dying-out. ars), Ars Technica [103] "Start-up Performance Improvements" (https:/ / wiki. mozilla. org/ Start-up_Performance_Improvements). Mozilla. . Retrieved 2012-04-26. [104] "Speedy session restore" (https:/ / wiki. mozilla. org/ Speedy_Session_Restore). Mozilla. . Retrieved 2012-04-21. [105] "Panel-based download manager" (https:/ / wiki. mozilla. org/ User:P. A. / Panel-based_Download_Manager). Mozilla. . Retrieved 2012-03-15. [106] "Improved display of location bar results" (https:/ / wiki. mozilla. org/ Improve_display_of_location_bar_results). Mozilla Wiki. Mozilla. . Retrieved 7/31/2012. [107] "Silent update: improvements for users with incompatible add-ons" (https:/ / wiki. mozilla. org/ Silent_Update_not_now_prompt). Mozilla Wiki. Mozilla. . Retrieved 7/31/2012. [108] "Delivering a Mozilla Firefox Extended Support Release" (http:/ / blog. mozilla. com/ blog/ 2012/ 01/ 10/ delivering-a-mozilla-firefox-extended-support-release/ ). January 10, 2012. . Retrieved February 04, 2012. [109] www.mozilla.org/en-US/firefox/organizations/faq (http:/ / www. mozilla. org/ en-US/ firefox/ organizations/ faq) [110] wiki.mozilla.org/Enterprise/Firefox/ExtendedSupport:Proposal#Proposal (https:/ / wiki. mozilla. org/ Enterprise/ Firefox/ ExtendedSupport:Proposal#Proposal) [111] http:/ / web. archive. org/ web/ 20071020020757/ http:/ / blakeross. com/ index. php?p=24 [112] "Bugzilla.Mozilla.org" (https:/ / bugzilla. mozilla. org/ show_bug. cgi?id=213186). Bugzilla.Mozilla.org. . Retrieved 2012-02-07. [113] https:/ / www. squarefree. com/ extensions/ delicious-delicacies/ References • Eich, Brendan (2005). Branch Plan (https://wiki.mozilla.org/Global:1.9_Trunk_1.8_Branch_Plan). In Mozilla Wiki. Retrieved December 21, 2005. External links • Mozilla Firefox release notes (http://www.mozilla.org/en-US/firefox/releases/) for each version • Indistinguishable from Jesse, Jesse Ruderman (http://www.squarefree.com/burningedge/releases/), unofficial changelogs for Firefox releases • MozillaZine Weblogs (http://web.archive.org/web/20110717100539/http://weblogs.mozillazine.org/ben/ archives/009698.html), Where Did Firefox Come From? • MozillaWiki (https://wiki.mozilla.org/ReleaseRoadmap), MozillaWiki - ReleaseRoadmap • BBC News (http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/technology/6078016.stm), Firefox browser for web 2.0 age
    • Mozilla 42 Mozilla Mozilla is a brand name originally coined by Netscape Communications Corporation for use in reference to the companys application software, and later used to refer to various open source software initiatives originating at Netscape. Mozilla was originally the codename for the defunct Netscape Navigator software project, along with Netscapes mascot, a cartoon reptile inspired by Godzilla. When Netscape Navigator was released as open source software, Mozilla was the name of the development project and community, along with the projects first product, the Mozilla Application Suite (later renamed SeaMonkey). Following the closure of the Netscape project, the name was adopted by the Mozilla Foundation and its subsidiary the Mozilla Corporation, who continue to promote the original projects goals in association with the wider Mozilla community. Codename of Netscape Navigator Historically, Mozilla had been used internally as a codename for the Netscape Navigator web browser from its beginning. Jamie Zawinski came up with the name during a meeting while working at the company.[1] The name was created as a portmanteau of the words "Mosaic killer",[2] hinting that Netscape would be the end to the (then only) competitor browser, Mosaic. The logo was a reference to the name of the fictional monster Godzilla. Mascot of Netscape Mozilla was the mascot of the now-disbanded Netscape Communications Corporation, formerly called Mosaic Communications Corporation. Initially, the mascot took various forms, including that of a helmeted astronaut or "spaceman", but the eventual choice was a Godzilla-like lizard thought to go well with the name. It was designed by Dave Titus in 1994. Mozilla was featured prominently on Netscapes website in the companys early years. However, the need to project a more "professional" image (especially towards corporate clients) led to it being removed. Mozilla continued to be used inside Netscape, though, often featured on T-shirts given to staff or on artwork adorning the walls of the Netscape campus in Mountain View. The color of the Mozilla lizard changed from its original green to a red version of the monster after the source code of the Netscape browser was released.[3] When Netscape acquired the website directory NewHoo in 1998, they re-branded it the Open Directory Project with the nickname "dmoz" (Directory of Mozilla) due to its similarity to the Mozilla project. An image of Mozilla was placed on every page of the site, which remains the case today. Netscape Communications continued using the image of the red Mozilla in its iconography [4] in the Mozilla.org project web site.
    • Mozilla 43 Mozilla Project "Mozilla" is the every-day name for the free and open-source software project that was founded in 1998 in order to create a next-generation Internet suite for Netscape. On 15 July 2003, the organization was formally registered as a non-profit organization, and became the Mozilla Foundation. The foundation now creates and maintains the Mozilla Firefox browser and Mozilla Thunderbird email application, among other software, and holds the Mozilla trademarks. Mozilla Corporation On 3 August 2005, the Mozilla Foundation announced the creation of Mozilla Corporation, described as "a taxable subsidiary that serves the non-profit, public benefit goals of its parent, the Mozilla Foundation, and that will be responsible for product development, marketing and distribution of Mozilla products."[5] Mozilla Application Suite The Mozilla projects initial software offering was known as the "Mozilla Application Suite". Its origin came from Netscape. January 22, 1998 Netscape announced that it would be relicensing its source code for future development.[6] In March 1998, Netscape released most of the code for its popular Netscape Communicator Internet suite under a free software/open source license, the Netscape Public License. The application developed from this was named Mozilla, which also was the codename of the original Netscape Navigator. After a series of pre-releases, Mozilla Startup screen of the Mozilla Application Suite for 1.0 was released on June 5, 2002. Mac OS 9 featuring the Mozilla mascot In 2004, the Mozilla Foundation announced that it would be no longer maintaining the suite, in order to focus its attention on the standalone products Firefox and Thunderbird, which are built on the same Gecko layout engine. The suite was renamed SeaMonkey and was handed over to the SeaMonkey Council, which has continued the development within the Mozilla community. Application Framework The term Mozilla is also occasionally used to refer to the Mozilla application framework, a cross-platform application framework for writing applications that can run on multiple operating systems. It consists most notably of the Gecko layout engine, but also the XUL user-interface toolkit, the Necko networking library, and other components. This is the core that all Mozilla-based browsers and applications are built from. Codebase Source code for Mozilla software projects such as Firefox, Thunderbird, and XULRunner are managed collectively in a single Mercurial repository. This large codebase is referred to as the Mozilla codebase, the Mozilla source code, or just Mozilla. The Mozilla codebase was originally released under the Netscape Public License. Shortly afterwards, the license was updated to version 1.1 and renamed the Mozilla Public License (MPL). The Free Software Foundation and others noted that a GPL-licensed module and an MPL-license module cannot be legally linked, and they recommend that developers not use the MPL for this reason.[7] To address this concern, between 2001 and 2004 the Mozilla Foundation relicensed all of the Mozilla codebase under the GNU General Public License and GNU Lesser General Public License as well as the Mozilla Public License.[8]
    • Mozilla 44 Community Mozilla also refers to a loosely-knit community of people, known as "Mozillians",[9] dedicated to using, developing, spreading and supporting Mozilla-related products and advancing the goals of the Open Web according to the Mozilla Manifesto.[10] Its activities include: • Localization - translating Mozilla software and websites to other languages. • Evangelizing for web standards in blogs and at relevant events. This is sometimes done independently and sometimes in a more structured way with programs such as "Mozilla Reps".[11][12] • Organizing local and international meetings of Mozilla activists, such as Mozilla Camp, Mozilla Summit and Drumbeat. • Providing support to users of Mozilla products through online forums, and IRC. • Organizing educational events for school children, teaching them how to understand the World Wide Web and develop web content, with programs such as "Hackasaurus".[13] • Testing future ("beta") release of Mozilla products and reporting bugs. Many of these activities are done on a voluntary basis, and some are sponsored by the Mozilla Foundation. User Agent String When users visit a website (using "user agent" software such as a web browser), a text string is generally sent to identify the user agent to the web server. It is known as the "user agent string". The Netscape web browser identified itself as "Mozilla/<version>" followed by some information about the operating system it was running on. Because the Netscape browser initially implemented many features not available in other browsers and quickly came to dominate the market, a number of web sites were designed to work, or work fully, only when they detected an appropriate version of Mozilla in the user agent string. Thus, competing browsers began to emulate ("cloak" or "spoof") this string in order to also work with those sites. The earliest example of this is Internet Explorers use of a user agent string beginning "Mozilla/<version> (compatible; MSIE <version>...", in order to receive content intended for Netscape, its main rival at the time of its development. This format of user agent string has since been copied by other user agents, and persisted even after Internet Explorer came to dominate the browser market. References [1] "Jwz.org" (http:/ / www. jwz. org/ gruntle/ nscpdorm. html). Jwz.org. . Retrieved 2010-11-09. [2] "History of the user-agent string" (http:/ / www. nczonline. net/ blog/ 2010/ 01/ 12/ history-of-the-user-agent-string/ ). Nczonline.net. . Retrieved 2010-11-09. [3] "Dilanchian Lawyers and Consultants" (http:/ / www. dilanchian. com. au/ images/ stories/ mozilla_logo_lizard. gif). . Retrieved 2010-11-09. [4] http:/ / www. dilanchian. com. au/ images/ stories/ mozilla_logo_lizard. gif [5] "Mozilla Foundation Reorganization" (http:/ / www-archive. mozilla. org/ reorganization/ ). Mozilla. 2005-08-03. . [6] "Netscape Announces Plans To Make Next-Generation Communicator Source Code Available Free On The Net" (http:/ / web. archive. org/ web/ 20080516122125/ http:/ / wp. netscape. com/ newsref/ pr/ newsrelease558. html). Netscape. 1998-01-22. . [7] "GNU comments on MPL" (http:/ / www. gnu. org/ licenses/ license-list. html#MPL). Gnu.org. . Retrieved 2010-11-09. [8] Frank Hecker. "Mozilla Foundation MPL Relicensing FAQ" (http:/ / www. mozilla. org/ MPL/ relicensing-faq. html). Mozilla.org. . Retrieved 2010-11-09. [9] "the Mozilla community directory" (https:/ / mozillians. org/ en-US/ about). mozillians.org. . Retrieved 2012-03-21. [10] "Mozilla Manifesto" (http:/ / www. mozilla. org/ about/ manifesto. html). Mozilla.org. . Retrieved 2012-03-21. [11] "William Quiviger talks on Mozillas REP PROGRAM (ReMo); Kape + Teknolohiya, August 26, 2011" (http:/ / www. ayalafoundation. org/ news. php?i=120). Ayalafoundation.org. 2011-08-26. . Retrieved 2012-03-21. [12] "For Mozilla, users are not the end" (http:/ / expressbuzz. com/ cities/ thiruvananthapuram/ For-Mozilla-users-are-not-the-end/ 368625. html). Expressbuzz.com. 2012-03-02. . Retrieved 2012-03-21. [13] "Hackasaurus" (http:/ / hackasaurus. org/ ). Hackasaurus. . Retrieved 2012-03-21.
    • Mozilla 45 External links • Official site (http://www.mozilla.org/) • Mozilla Corporation (http://www.mozilla.com/) • Mozilla Wiki (https://wiki.mozilla.org/Main_Page) • Mozilla Europe Project (http://www.mozilla-europe.org/) • Mozilla Mercurial Repository (http://hg.mozilla.org/) Mozilla Foundation Mozilla Foundation Logo of the Mozilla Foundation (See: the Mozilla mascot) Founder(s) Mozilla Organization Type 501(c)(3) Founded July 15, 2003 Headquarters Mountain View, California, USA Origins Mozilla Organization Product(s) Mozilla Firefox web browser Mozilla Thunderbird e-mail client List of Mozilla Foundation products Focus Internet Revenue [1][2] $123.2 million (2010) Subsidiaries Mozilla Corp. Mozilla Messaging Inc. Website [3] mozilla.org Entrance to downtown Mountain View office building currently home to both the Mozilla Foundation and the Mozilla Corporation
    • Mozilla Foundation 46 Former office next to the Googleplex shared by both the Mozilla Foundation and the Mozilla Corporation until July 2009 The Mozilla Foundation is a non-profit organization that exists to support and lead the open source Mozilla project. The organization sets the policies that govern development, operates key infrastructure and controls trademarks and other intellectual property. It owns a taxable subsidiary: the Mozilla Corporation, which employs many Mozilla developers and coordinates releases of the Mozilla Firefox web browser and Mozilla Thunderbird email client. The subsidiary is 100% owned by the parent, and therefore follows the same non-profit principles. The Mozilla Foundation was founded by the Netscape-affiliated Mozilla Organization, and was officially launched on July 15, 2003. The organization is currently based in the Silicon Valley city of Mountain View, California, USA. The Mozilla Foundation describes itself as "a non-profit organization that promotes openness, innovation and participation on the Internet."[4] The Mozilla Foundation is guided by the Mozilla Manifesto, which lists 10 principles which Mozilla believes "are critical for the Internet to continue to benefit the public good as well as commercial aspects of life."[5] The Manifesto has been translated into over 30 languages. History On February 23, 1998, Netscape created the Mozilla Organization to co-ordinate the development of the Mozilla Application Suite.[6] When AOL (Netscapes parent) drastically scaled back its involvement with Mozilla Organization, the Mozilla Foundation was launched on July 15, 2003 to ensure Mozilla could survive without Netscape. AOL assisted in the initial creation of the Mozilla Foundation, transferring hardware and intellectual property to the organization, employed a three-person team for the first three months of its existence to help with the transition, and donated $2 million to the Foundation over two years.[7] Initially, the remit of the Mozilla Foundation grew to become much wider than that of mozilla.org, with the organization taking on many tasks that were traditionally left to Netscape and other vendors of Mozilla technology. As part of a wider move to target end-users, the foundation made deals with commercial companies to sell CDs containing Mozilla software and provide telephone support. In both cases, the group chose the same suppliers as Netscape for these services. The Mozilla Foundation also became more assertive over its intellectual property, with policies put in place for the use of Mozilla trademarks and logos. New projects such as marketing were also started. With the formation of the Mozilla Corporation, the Mozilla Foundation delegated all their development and business-related activities to the new subsidiary. The Mozilla Foundation now focuses solely on governance and policy issues, though it also continues to oversee the projects that have not been "productized", such as Camino and SeaMonkey. The Mozilla Foundation owns the Mozilla trademarks and other intellectual property, which it licenses to the Mozilla Corporation. It also controls the Mozilla source code repository and decides who is allowed to check code in.
    • Mozilla Foundation 47 Subsidiaries Mozilla Corporation On 3 August 2005, the Mozilla Foundation announced the creation of Mozilla Corporation, described as "a taxable subsidiary that serves the non-profit, public benefit goals of its parent, the Mozilla Foundation, and that will be responsible for product development, marketing and distribution of Mozilla products."[8] It also handles relationships with businesses, many of which generate income. Unlike the Mozilla Foundation, the Mozilla Corporation is a tax-paying entity, which gives it much greater freedom in the revenue and business activities it can pursue. The majority of the revenues comes from Google Inc., which is the default search engine on Mozilla Firefox. Beijing Mozilla Online Ltd Beijing Mozilla Online Ltd [9] (Chinese: 北 京 谋 智 网 络 技 术 有 限 公 司), a.k.a. Mozilla China, is a wholly owned subsidiary of the Mozilla Corporation[10] with its headquarters in Beijing. Financing The Mozilla Foundation accepts donations as a source of funding. Along with AOLs initial $2 million donation, Mitch Kapor gave $300,000 to the organization at its launch. The group has tax-exempt status under IRC 501(c)(3) of the U.S. tax code, though the Mozilla Corporation subsidiary is taxable. In 2006, the Mozilla Foundation received $66.8 million in revenues, of which $61.5 million is attributed to "search royalties".[11] The foundation has an ongoing deal with Google to make Google search the default in the Firefox browser search bar and hence send it search referrals; a Firefox themed Google search site has also been made the default home page of Firefox. The contract originally expired in November 2006. However Google renewed the contract until November 2008 and again through 2011.[12] On 20 December 2011 Mozilla announced that the contract was once again renewed for at least three years to November 2014, at 3 times the amount previously paid, or nearly $300 million annually.[13][14] Approximately 85% of Mozilla’s revenue for 2006 was derived from this contract. This amounts to approximately US$56.8 million.[11] People The Mozilla Foundation Board of Directors has five members:[15] • Mitchell Baker (Chair) • Brian Behlendorf • Brendan Eich • Joichi Ito • Bob Lisbonne Originally, Christopher Blizzard had a seat on the board, but he moved to the Mozilla Corporation Board of Directors when it was established; Joichi Ito joined the Mozilla Foundation board at that time. Bob Lisbonne and Carl Malamud were elected to the board in October 2006. The Mozilla Corporation also has a number of employees, many of whom worked for the foundation before the establishment of the corporation. The Mozilla project has traditionally been overseen by a committee known as mozilla.org staff; some individuals on that committee later became Foundation or Corporation board members or employees.
    • Mozilla Foundation 48 Support for natural ecosystems Mozilla is dedicated to preserving and promoting a healthy online space. As the community develops new versions of Firefox and Thunderbird, park names are chosen as the code names for each product release.[16] Donations In 2006, after a request from Theo de Raadt of OpenBSD for funding from corporate entities which make a profit through the use of OpenSSH in their packaged distributions, the Mozilla Foundation donated US$10,000 to de Raadt and OpenBSD for OpenSSH development. The funds donated came from money earned through the income provided by Google. While the target of this request were corporations such as Cisco, IBM, HP, and Red Hat (which all sell operating systems containing OpenSSH but have not donated to its continued development before), the Mozilla Foundation found that without OpenSSH, much of the work done by developers would be through insecure and unsafe methods and thus gave the funds as a thank you.[17] At the end of 2010, the Mozilla Foundation partnered with Knoxville Zoo in an effort to raise awareness about endangered red pandas. Two red pandas (a.k.a. firefox) cubs born at the Knoxville Zoo have officially become a part of the Mozilla community. The cubs are named Spark and Ember by online voters and Mozilla broadcasted a 24 hour live video stream of the cubs for several months.[18][19][20][21] Notes [1] "Mozilla Foundation and Subsidiary: 2010 Independent Auditors Report and Consolidated Financial Statements" (http:/ / static. mozilla. com/ moco/ en-US/ pdf/ Mozilla Foundation and Subsidiaries 2010 Audited Financial Statement. pdf) (PDF). Mozilla Foundation. 2010-12-31. . Retrieved 2012-01-05. [2] "The State of Mozilla ANNUAL REPORT" (http:/ / www. mozilla. org/ en-US/ foundation/ annualreport/ 2010/ faq/ ). Mozilla Foundation. 2010-12-31. . Retrieved 2012-01-05. [3] http:/ / www. mozilla. org [4] "The Mozilla Foundation" (http:/ / www. mozilla. org/ foundation/ ). Mozilla Foundation. . Retrieved 2011-01-23. [5] "The Mozilla Manifesto" (http:/ / www. mozilla. org/ about/ manifesto). Mozilla Foundation. . Retrieved 2011-12-16. [6] "Netscape Accelerates Communicator Evolution With First Release Of Next-Generation Communicator Source Code To Developer Community Via mozilla.org" (http:/ / web. archive. org/ web/ 20021105061654/ http:/ / wp. netscape. com/ newsref/ pr/ newsrelease591. html?cp=nws04flh1). Netscape. . Retrieved 2011-12-06. [7] "mozilla.org Announces Launch of the Mozilla Foundation to Lead Open Source Browser Efforts" (http:/ / www. mozilla. org/ en-US/ press/ mozilla-foundation. html). Mozilla Foundation. . Retrieved 2011-12-06. [8] "Mozilla Foundation Reorganization" (http:/ / www-archive. mozilla. org/ reorganization/ ). Mozilla. 2005-08-03. . [9] http:/ / firefox. com. cn/ [10] 谋 智 网 络 是Mozilla Corporation在 中 国 的 全 资 子 公 司 , 我 们 是Mozilla大 家 庭 中 非 常 重 要 的 一 份 子—— 火 狐 浏 览 器 | 职 业 机 会 (http:/ / firefox. com. cn/ about/ career/ ) [11] "2006 Independent Auditors Report and Consolidated Financial Statements" (http:/ / www. mozilla. org/ foundation/ documents/ mf-2006-audited-financial-statement. pdf) (PDF). . [12] Mozilla Extends Lucrative Deal With Google For 3 Years (http:/ / www. techcrunch. com/ 2008/ 08/ 28/ mozilla-extends-lucrative-deal-with-google-for-3-years) [13] Swisher, Kara (2011-12-22). "Google Will Pay Mozilla Almost $300M Per Year in Search Deal, Besting Microsoft and Yahoo" (http:/ / allthingsd. com/ 20111222/ google-will-pay-mozilla-almost-300m-per-year-in-search-deal-besting-microsoft-and-yahoo/ ). All Things Digital. Dow Jones. . Retrieved 2012-01-18. "The search giant will pay just under $300 million per year to be the default choice in Mozilla’s Firefox browser" [14] Mozilla and Google Sign New Agreement for Default Search in Firefox (http:/ / blog. mozilla. com/ blog/ 2011/ 12/ 20/ mozilla-and-google-sign-new-agreement-for-default-search-in-firefox/ ) [15] "About the Mozilla Foundation" (http:/ / www. mozilla. org/ foundation/ about. html). Mozilla Foundation. . Retrieved 2011-01-23. [16] "Mozilla parks" (http:/ / www. mozilla. org/ parks/ ). Mozilla Foundation. . Retrieved 2011-01-23. [17] Peereboom, Marco (2006-04-04). "Donations Update" (http:/ / undeadly. org/ cgi?action=article& sid=20060404004219). OpenBSD Journal. . Retrieved 2011-12-17. [18] "Meet the Newest (and Cutest) Mozillians" (http:/ / blog. mozilla. com/ blog/ 2010/ 12/ 03/ meet-the-newest-and-cutest-mozillians/ ). Mozilla Foundation. . Retrieved 2011-01-23. [19] "Firefox Live Blog with Knoxville Zoo" (http:/ / firefoxlive. squarespace. com/ ). Mozilla Foundation. . Retrieved 2011-01-23. [20] "@cubcaretaker on Twitter" (http:/ / twitter. com/ cubcaretaker). Mozilla Foundation. . Retrieved 2011-01-23.
    • Mozilla Foundation 49 [21] "Firefox live" (http:/ / firefoxlive. mozilla. org/ ). Mozilla Foundation. . Retrieved 2011-01-23. References • "Mozilla Foundation Forms New Organization to Further the Creation of Free, Open Source Internet Software, Including the Award-Winning Mozilla Firefox Browser" (http://www.mozilla.org/press/mozilla-2005-08-03. html). Mozilla Press Center. Retrieved August 3, 2005. External links • About the Mozilla Foundation (http://www.mozilla.org/foundation/) • 2005 presentation about the Mozilla Foundation (http://www.gerv.net/presentations/fosdem2005-mofo/) • Press release about the creation of the Mozilla Foundation (http://www.mozilla.org/press/mozilla-foundation. html) • Details about the reorganization caused by the formation of the Mozilla Corporation (http://www.mozilla.org/ reorganization/) • mozilla.org Staff Members (http://www.mozilla.org/about/stafflist.html) and Meeting Minutes (http://www. mozilla.org/status/minutes.html) Mozilla Corporation Mozilla Corporation Type Private Founded August 3, 2005 Headquarters Mountain View, California, USA Key people Gary Kovacs, CEO Products Firefox Mozilla Thunderbird more... Revenue [1] $91.3 million (2009) Net income [1] $43.1 million (2009) Employees [2] 600+ Parent Mozilla Foundation Website [3] www.mozilla.com
    • Mozilla Corporation 50 Entrance to downtown Mountain View office building currently home to both the Mozilla Foundation and the Mozilla Corporation The Mozilla Corporation (abbreviated MoCo) is a wholly owned subsidiary of the Mozilla Foundation that coordinates and integrates the development of Internet-related applications such as the Firefox and SeaMonkey web browsers and the Mozilla Thunderbird email client by a global community of open-source developers, some of whom are employed by the corporation itself. The corporation also distributes and promotes these products. Unlike the non-profit Mozilla Foundation, and the Mozilla open source project, founded by the now defunct Netscape Corporation, the Mozilla Corporation is a taxable entity. The Mozilla Corporation reinvests some or all of its profits back into the Mozilla projects.[4] The Mozilla Corporations stated aim is to work towards the Mozilla Foundations public benefit to "promote choice and innovation on the Internet."[5] A MozillaZine article explained: The Mozilla Foundation will ultimately control the activities of the Mozilla Corporation and will retain its 100 percent ownership of the new subsidiary. Any profits made by the Mozilla Corporation will be invested back into the Mozilla project. There will be no shareholders, no stock options will be issued and no dividends will be paid. The Mozilla Corporation will not be floating on the stock market and it will be impossible for any company to take over or buy a stake in the subsidiary. The Mozilla Foundation will continue to own the Mozilla trademarks and other intellectual property and will license them to the Mozilla Corporation. The Foundation will also continue to govern the source code repository and control who is allowed to check in.[6] Establishment The Mozilla Corporation was established on August 3, 2005 to handle the revenue-related operations of the Mozilla Foundation. As a non-profit, the Mozilla Foundation is limited in terms of the types and amounts of revenue. The Mozilla Corporation, as a taxable organization (essentially, a commercial operation), does not have to comply with such strict rules. Upon its creation, the Mozilla Corporation took over several areas from the Mozilla Foundation, including coordination and integration of the development of Firefox and Thunderbird (by the global free software community) and the management of relationships with businesses. With the creation of the Mozilla Corporation, the rest of the Mozilla Foundation narrowed its focus to concentrate on the Mozilla projects governance and policy issues. In November 2005, with the release of Mozilla Firefox 1.5, the Mozilla Corporations website at mozilla.com was unveiled as the new home of the Firefox and Thunderbird products online. In 2006 the Mozilla Corporation generated 66.8 million dollars in revenue and 19.8 million in expenses, with 85% of that revenue coming from Google for "assigning [Google] as the browsers default search engine, and for click-throughs on ads placed on the ensuing search results pages."[7][8]
    • Mozilla Corporation 51 Notable events In March 2006, Jason Calacanis reported a rumor on his blog that Mozilla Corporation gained $72M during the previous year, mainly thanks to the Google search box in the Firefox browser.[9] The rumor was later addressed by Christopher Blizzard, then a member of the board, who wrote on his blog that, "it’s not correct, though not off by an order of magnitude."[10] Two years later, TechCrunch wrote: "In return for setting Google as the default search engine on Firefox, Google pays Mozilla a substantial sum – in 2006 the total amounted to around $57 million, or 85% of the company’s total revenue. The deal was originally going to expire in 2006, but was later extended to 2008 and will now run through 2011."[11] The deal was extended again another 3 years, until November 2014. In this latest deal Mozilla will get another $900 million ($300 million annually) from Google, nearly 3 times the previous amount.[12] In August 2006, Microsoft posted a letter on Mozilla newsgroups[13] and offered to open up a new open-source facility at its headquarters in Redmond, Wash., to Mozilla software engineers. Mozilla responded by accepting the offer.[14] People Most Mozilla Foundation employees transferred to the new organization at Mozilla Corporations founding. Board of directors The Board of directors is appointed by and responsible to the Mozilla Foundation board. • Mitchell Baker, Chairperson • Reid Hoffman, former CEO of LinkedIn • John Lilly, former CEO of Mozilla Corporation • Ellen Siminoff, President and CEO of Shmoop University and Chairman of Efficient Frontier Management team The senior management team includes: • Gary Kovacs, CEO • Brendan Eich, CTO • Jim Cook, CFO • Chris Beard, Chief Marketing Officer • Jay Sullivan, VP of Products • Harvey Anderson, VP, General Counsel • Todd Simpson, Chief of Innovation Notable current employees • Sheeri Cabral, MySQL DBA • Asa Dotzler, Director of Community Development • Dave Miller, lead developer of Bugzilla • Johnny Stenbäck Notable past employees • Christopher Blizzard, formerly of Red Hat • John Resig, Technical Evangelist (jQuery Creator) (now at Khan Academy) • Mike Schroepfer, VP of Engineering (now at Facebook) • Mike Shaver, VP of Technical Strategy (now at Facebook)
    • Mozilla Corporation 52 • Window Snyder, Chief Security Officer (now at Apple Inc.) References [1] "Mozilla Foundation and Subsidiary: 2009 Independent Auditors Report and Consolidated Financial Statements" (http:/ / www. mozilla. org/ foundation/ documents/ mf-2009-audited-financial-statement. pdf) (PDF). Mozilla Foundation. 2009-12-31. . Retrieved 2010-11-18. [2] Rouget, Paul (20 Sep 2011), @taliabale Mozilla has ~600 employee (not 250) (http:/ / twitter. com/ #!/ paulrouget/ status/ 116110841669099520) (tweet), twitter, , retrieved 20 Sep 2011 [3] http:/ / www. mozilla. com [4] staff (5 Aug 2005), Mozilla Foundation Reorganization (http:/ / www-archive. mozilla. org/ reorganization/ ), Mozilla Corporation, archived from the original (http:/ / www. mozilla. org/ reorganization) on 21 Apr 2008, [5] "Mozilla Foundation Forms New Organization to Further the Creation of Free, Open Source Internet Software, Including the Award-Winning Mozilla Firefox Browser" (http:/ / www. mozilla. org/ press/ mozilla-2005-08-03. html) (Press release). Mozilla. 3 August 2005. . [6] MozillaZine article: "Mozilla Foundation Announces Creation of Mozilla Corporation" (http:/ / web. archive. org/ web/ 20060907025204/ http:/ / www. mozillazine. org/ talkback. html?article=7085) Retrieved via the Internet Archive on 03-24-2009. [7] Keizer, Gregg (25 October 2007). "Mozilla can live without Googles money, Baker says" (http:/ / www. computerworld. com/ action/ article. do?command=viewArticleBasic& articleId=9044160). Computerworld. . [8] Houston, Thomas (5 Dececember 2011). "Future of Firefoxs Google search partnership remains uncertain" (http:/ / www. theverge. com/ 2011/ 12/ 5/ 2612918/ future-of-firefoxs-google-search-partnership-remains-uncertain). The Verge. . Retrieved 6 December 2011. [9] Calacanis blog: "Firefox (Mozilla Corporation/Mozilla Foundation) made $72M last year?!" (http:/ / www. calacanis. com/ 2006/ 03/ 06/ firefox-mozilla-corporation-mozilla-foundation-made-72m-last/ ) [10] Blizzard, Christopher (7 March 2006). "apply pinky to corner of mouth" (http:/ / www. 0xdeadbeef. com/ weblog/ ?p=182). 0xDeadBeef.com. . Retrieved 1 June 2012. [11] Kincaid, Jason (28 August 2008). "Mozilla Extends Lucrative Deal With Google For 3 Years" (http:/ / www. techcrunch. com/ 2008/ 08/ 28/ mozilla-extends-lucrative-deal-with-google-for-3-years/ ). TechCrunch. . Retrieved 1 June 2012. [12] Murphy, David (24 December 2011). "Google Paying Mozilla Almost $1B for Firefox Search: Why?" (http:/ / www. pcmag. com/ article2/ 0,2817,2398046,00. asp). PC Magazine. . Retrieved 1 June 2012. [13] "mozilla.dev.planning Microsoft offer" (http:/ / groups. google. com/ group/ mozilla. dev. planning/ browse_frm/ thread/ 622906b52581628e/ a303e61ccb5c8149#a303e61ccb5c8149). Google Groups. . [14] "Microsoft offers helping hand to Firefox" (http:/ / news. com. com/ Microsoft+ offers+ helping+ hand+ to+ Firefox/ 2100-1032_3-6109455. html). CNET. . External links • Official website (http://www.mozilla.com) • Mozilla Corp. in 12 simple items (http://glazman.org/weblog/dotclear/?post/2005/08/03/1145-mozco)
    • Mozilla Application Suite 53 Mozilla Application Suite Mozilla Application Suite Mozilla 1.7 displaying a page from Polish Wikinews Developer(s) Mozilla Foundation Discontinued [1] (April 21, 2006) [ ± ] Preview release [2] (n/a) [ ± ] Development status Unmaintained, succeeded by SeaMonkey Programming language used C++, XUL, XBL, JavaScript Operating system Cross-platform License Mozilla tri-license Website [3] www.mozilla.org The Mozilla Application Suite (originally known as Mozilla, marketed as the Mozilla Suite, and code named SeaMonkey) was a cross-platform integrated Internet suite. Its development was initiated by Netscape Communications Corporation, before their acquisition by AOL. It was based on the source code of Netscape Communicator. The development was spearheaded by the Mozilla Organization from 1998 to 2003, and by the Mozilla Foundation from 2003 until it was discontinued in 2006. It has been superseded by SeaMonkey Internet suite, a community-driven Internet suite that is based on the same source code and continued to be developed with newer Mozilla codebase. The Mozilla Suite was composed of several main programs: Navigator (a Web browser), Communicator (Mozilla Mail & Newsgroups), a Web page developer (Mozilla Composer), an IRC client (ChatZilla) and an electronic address book. Also included were tools to synchronise the application with Palm Pilot devices, and several extensions for advanced Web development including the DOM Inspector and Venkman (a JavaScript debugger). Versions 6 and 7 of the Netscape suite were based on the Mozilla Suite. The last official version is 1.7.13, as Mozilla Foundation is now focusing on the development of Firefox and Thunderbird. The Mozilla Suite is available under the terms of the Mozilla projects tri-license, as free and open source software.
    • Mozilla Application Suite 54 History and development In March 1998, Netscape released most of the code base for its popular Netscape Communicator suite under an open source license. The name of the application developed from this would-be Mozilla, coordinated by the newly created Mozilla Organization, at the mozilla.org Web site. Although large parts of the original Communicator code, including the layout engine and front-end related codes, were abandoned shortly thereafter, the Mozilla Organization eventually succeeded in producing a full-featured Internet suite that surpassed Communicator in features, stability and degree of standards Startup screen of the Mozilla Application Suite for Mac OS 9 featuring the Mozilla mascot compliance. Under the AOL banner, Mozilla Organization continued development of the browser and management of the Mozilla source until July 2003 when this task was passed to the Mozilla Foundation. The Foundation is a non-profit organization composed primarily of developers and staff from mozilla.org and owns the Mozilla trademark (but not the copyright to the source code, which is retained by the individual and corporate contributors, but licensed under the terms of the GPL and MPL). It received initial donations from AOL, IBM, Sun Microsystems, Red Hat, and Mitch Kapor. However, all official ties with AOL were severed following the announcement of the end of the Netscape Navigator browser and AOLs agreement to use Microsofts Internet Explorer browser in future versions of its AOL software. AOL has since announced it will be using Mozillas Gecko layout engine. According to the Mozilla development roadmap published on April 2, 2003, the Mozilla Organization planned to focus development efforts on the new standalone applications: Phoenix (now known as Mozilla Firefox) and Minotaur (now known as Mozilla Thunderbird). To distinguish the suite from the standalone products, the suite is marketed as "Mozilla Suite" or the more lengthy "Mozilla Application Suite". On March 10, 2005, the Mozilla Foundation announced that they would not release any further official versions of the suite beyond 1.7.x. However, the Mozilla Foundation emphasized that they would provide infrastructure for community members who wished to continue development. In effect, this means that the suite will still continue to be developed, but not by the Mozilla Foundation itself. To avoid confusing organizations that still want to use the Mozilla Suite, it was announced that the new, community-developed product would be named "SeaMonkey", with version numbers that start at "1.0". Features Usability and accessibility Mozilla supported tabbed browsing, which allows users to open multiple Web pages in the same browser window. This feature was written with the popular MultiZilla [4] extension for Mozilla as a base. Mozilla also belonged in the group of browsers who early on adopted customizable pop-up blocking. The browser had a number of features which helped users find information. First, Mozilla had an incremental find feature known as "find as you type". With this feature enabled, a user could simply begin typing a word while viewing a Web page, and the browser automatically searched for it and highlighted the first instance found. As the user typed more of the word, the browser refined its search. Additionally, Mozilla supported the "custom keyword" feature. This feature allowed users to access their bookmarks from the location bar using keywords (and an optional query parameter). For example, using a custom keyword, a user could type "google apple" into the address bar and be redirected to the results of a Google search for "apple". For the mail and newsgroup component, the built-in Bayesian e-mail spam filter could effectively filter out unwanted e-mail spam after a period of training.
    • Mozilla Application Suite 55 Customizability Mozilla introduced the extension model, which was expanded and improved by Firefox and Thunderbird. Through extensions (installed via XPInstall modules), users might activate new features, such as mouse gestures, advertisement blocking, proxy server switching, and debugging tools. One can view the extension system as a ground for experimentation, where one can test new functionalities. Occasionally, an extension, or a part of it, became part of the official product (for example MultiZillas tabbed browsing feature eventually became part of the standard Mozilla). Mozilla also supported a variety of themes/skins, which changed its appearance. Themes consisted of packages of CSS and image files. The Mozilla Add-ons Web site offered many themes. Beyond adding a new theme, users could customize its interface by adding and removing some of its buttons and toolbars. Additionally, Mozilla stored most of its preferences in a list that users could access by typing about:config in the address bar. Some preferences were only available through it, like turning on bookmark icons. Standards support The Mozilla Foundation took pride in Mozillas compliance with existing standards, especially W3C Web standards. Mozilla had extensive support for most basic standards at the time including HTML, XML, XHTML, CSS, JavaScript, DOM, MathML, DTD, XSLT and XPath. Mozilla also supported PNG images and variable transparency, (which Internet Explorer only supported fully in version 7). Indeed, Internet Explorers lack of support for PNG images has occasioned much debate, as many Web developers wanted to move away from the old GIF format, which does not have the same capabilities and image quality as PNG. Mozilla had implemented most of CSS Level 2 and some of the not-yet-completed CSS Level 3 standard. It was among the first browsers to pass the original Box Acid Test [5], although it doesnt fully pass the more rigorous Acid2 test for HTML, CSS, and PNG standards support. Other browsers based on newer versions of Mozillas core technology, however, pass the Acid2 test. The mail and newsgroup supported POP and IMAP. It also supported LDAP address completion. Both reading and writing of HTML e-mails were supported. Mail files were stored in mbox format, and were thus portable. The first version of the suite, i.e., the one that formed the basis of Netscape 6, did not support the blink element, thus making it the only Netscape/Mozilla browser that has not supported the notorious tag that Netscape itself created. Later versions of the suite supported the element as well as the marquee tag, originally created by rival Internet Explorer. Cross-platform support Mozilla ran on a wide variety of platforms. Releases available on the primary distribution site supported the following operating systems: • Various versions of Microsoft Windows, including 95, 98, Me, NT 4.0, 2000, XP, Server 2003, and Vista. • Mac OS X • Mac OS 9 (discontinued after Mozilla 1.2.1, but an unofficial Mozilla 1.3.1 is available here [6]). However, an updated branch of the Suite survives for the classic Mac OS in the form of Classilla. • Linux-based operating systems using X.Org Server or XFree86 • OS/2, also known as Warpzilla[7] Mozilla used the same format to store users profiles (which contain their personal browser settings) even on different operating systems, so a profile might be used on multiple platforms, as long as all of the platforms could access the profile (e.g., the profile was stored on a FAT32 partition accessible from both Windows and Linux). This functionality was useful for users who dual-boot their machines. However, it might occasionally cause problems,
    • Mozilla Application Suite 56 especially with extensions. Web development tools Mozilla came with three Web development tools — a DOM Inspector, Venkman and JavaScript Console. The DOM Inspector was not available in non-Mozilla browsers, and the JavaScript Console was more advanced than the consoles available in non-Mozilla browsers. Venkman was a difficult to use but decent JavaScript debugger. These were installed by default, though you could opt them out (except for the JavaScript Console) with the other install options. Security Mozilla was designed with security in mind. Among its key features were the use of the sandbox security model, same origin policy and external protocol whitelisting. One key characteristic of Mozilla security was that its source code is visible to everyone. Proposed software changes were reviewed by at least one other person, and typically "super-reviewed" by yet another, and once placed in the software were visible for anyone else to consider, protest, or improve. In addition, the Mozilla Foundation operated a "bug bounty" scheme: Users who reported a valid critical security bug received a US$500 cash reward for each report and a Mozilla T-shirt. The purpose of this "bug bounty" system, according to the Mozilla Foundation, was to "encourage more people to find and report security bugs in our products, so that we can make our products even more secure than they already are". Anyone in the world could report a bug. Also, access to the source code of Mozilla Firefox, internal design documentation, forum discussions, and other materials that could be helpful in finding bugs were available to anyone. The Mozilla Foundation has issued a security bugs policy to help contributors to deal with security vulnerabilities. The policy restricts access to a security-related bug report to members of the security team until after Mozilla has shipped a fix for the problem. This is intended to deter the exploitation of publicly-known vulnerabilities and give the developers time to issue a patch. While similar to other "responsible disclosure" policies issued by companies such as Microsoft, this policy is opposed to the full disclosure principle favored by some security researchers. As of June 2005, Secunia had reported three unpatched vulnerabilities [8] in Mozilla with the most serious one marked "less critical". Market adoption and project end From 1998 to 2004, the global usage share of Mozilla grew from a negligible amount to about 3%. Because of the Foundations plan to switch development focus to standalone applications such as Firefox and Thunderbird, many new features and enhancements were not available for Mozilla. This, combined with the community marketing effort named "Spread Firefox", drew more and more users away from Mozilla since late 2004, when Firefox 1.0 was released. There were no official releases of the Mozilla Suite beyond version 1.7.13. As of 2008, Mozilla Suite usage share was approximately 0.1%. SeaMonkey, a community-driven Internet suite that is based on the same source code, is pursued by those that appreciated Mozillas feature set.
    • Mozilla Application Suite 57 References • Mozilla Foundation (April 2, 2003). Mozilla Development Roadmap [9]. Retrieved June 11, 2005. • Mozilla Foundation (March 10, 2005). Mozilla Application Suite - Transition Plan [10]. Retrieved March 10, 2005. • SeaMonkey Council (July 2, 2005). SeaMonkey Project Continues Internet Suite [11]. Retrieved March 27, 2007. [1] http:/ / en. wikipedia. org/ wiki/ Template%3Alatest_stable_software_release%2Fmozilla_application_suite?action=edit& preload=Template:LSR/ syntax [2] http:/ / en. wikipedia. org/ wiki/ Template%3Alatest_preview_software_release%2Fmozilla_application_suite?action=edit& preload=Template:LSR/ syntax [3] http:/ / www. mozilla. org/ products/ mozilla1. x/ [4] http:/ / multizilla. mozdev. org [5] http:/ / www. w3. org/ Style/ CSS/ Test/ CSS1/ current/ test5526c. htm [6] http:/ / wamcom. kuix. de [7] Watson, Dave (21 July 2001). "A Quick Look at Mozilla 0.9.2" (http:/ / www. scoug. com/ os24u/ 2001/ mozilla. html). The Southern California OS/2 User Group. . Retrieved 16 August 2010. [8] http:/ / secunia. com/ product/ 3691/ [9] http:/ / www. mozilla. org/ roadmap/ roadmap-02-Apr-2003. html [10] http:/ / www. mozilla. org/ seamonkey-transition. html [11] http:/ / www. mozilla. org/ projects/ seamonkey/ news. html#2005-07-02 External links • Mozilla Suite - The All-in-One Internet Application Suite (http://www-archive.mozilla.org/products/mozilla1. x/) • SeaMonkey Internet Suite - all-in-one Internet application suite (http://www.mozilla.org/projects/seamonkey/ )
    • Mozilla Thunderbird 58 Mozilla Thunderbird Mozilla Thunderbird Mozilla Thunderbird 5.0 Developer(s) Mozilla Foundation (formerly Mozilla Messaging) Initial release July 28, 2003 Stable release [1] [2] (July 17, 2012) [± ] Preview release [3] (July 18, 2012) [ ± ] Programming language used C++ Operating system Cross-platform Translation available [4] 53 languages Type Email client, news client and feed reader License [5] MPL Website [6] mozilla.org/thunderbird Mozilla Thunderbird is a free,[7] open source, cross-platform email and news client developed by the Mozilla Foundation. The project strategy is modeled after Mozilla Firefox, a project aimed at creating a web browser. On December 7, 2004, version 1.0 was released, and received over 500,000 downloads in its first three days of release, and 1,000,000 in 10 days.[8][9] Features Thunderbird is an email, newsgroup and news feed client. The vanilla version is not a personal information manager, although the Mozilla Lightning extension adds PIM functionality. Additional features, if needed, are often available via other extensions. Message management Thunderbird can manage multiple email, newsgroup and news feed accounts and supports multiple identities within accounts. Features like quick search, saved search folders ("virtual folders"), advanced message filtering, message grouping, and labels help manage and find messages. On Linux-based systems, system mail (movemail) accounts are supported. A still unsolved problem regards the possibility to archive email messages on disk. When exporting a
    • Mozilla Thunderbird 59 message, by saving or dragging and dropping, the timestamp of the exported file given by Thunderbird is that of the moment in which the file was exported. For archiving reasons it would be necessary that exported file had the timestamp corresponding to the moment in which it was sent or received. Junk filtering Thunderbird incorporates a Bayesian spam filter, a whitelist based on the included address book, and can also understand classifications by server-based filters such as SpamAssassin.[10] Extensions and themes Extensions allow the addition of features through the installation of XPInstall modules (known as "XPI" or "zippy" installation) via the add-ons website which also features an update functionality to update the extensions. An example of a popular extension is Lightning, which adds calendar functionality to Thunderbird. Thunderbird supports a variety of themes for changing its overall look and feel. These packages of CSS and image files can be downloaded via the add-ons website at Mozilla Add-ons [11]. Standards support Thunderbird supports POP and IMAP. It also supports LDAP address completion. The built-in RSS/Atom reader can also be used as a simple news aggregator. Thunderbird supports the S/MIME standard, extensions such as Enigmail and support for the OpenPGP standard. List of supported IMAP extensions: https://wiki.mozilla.org/MailNews:Supported_IMAP_extensions File formats supported • mbox – Unix mailbox format • Mork – used for internal database • SQLite – also used for internal database (since version 3) Cross-platform support Thunderbird runs on a wide variety of platforms. Releases available on the primary distribution site support the following operating systems:[12] • Windows • Linux • Mac OS X • OS/2 and eComStation [13] • OpenSolaris • FreeBSD [14] The source code is freely available and can be compiled to be run on a variety of other architectures and operating systems.
    • Mozilla Thunderbird 60 Internationalization and localization Thunderbird does not yet support SMTPUTF8(RFC 6531) or Email Address Internationalization. With contributors all over the world, the client is translated into at least 52 languages, but clients addresses are currently limited to ASCII local parts.[15] Security Thunderbird provides enterprise and government-grade security features such as SSL/TLS connections to IMAP and SMTP servers. It also offers native support for S/MIME secure email (digital signing and message encryption using certificates). Any of these security features can take advantage of smartcards with the installation of additional extensions. Other security features can be added through extensions. For instance, Enigmail offers PGP signing, encryption, and decryption. Optional security protections also include disabling loading of remote images within messages, enabling only specific media types (sanitizer), and disabling JavaScript. The French military uses Thunderbird and contributes to its security features, which are claimed to match the requirements for NATOs closed messaging system.[16] History Originally launched as Minotaur shortly after Phoenix (the original name for Mozilla Firefox), the project failed to gain momentum. With the success of the latter, however, demand increased for a mail client to go with it, and the work on Minotaur was revived under the new name of Thunderbird, and migrated to the new toolkit developed by the Firefox team. Significant work on Thunderbird restarted with the announcement that from version 1.5 onwards, the main Mozilla suite would be designed around separate applications using this new toolkit. This contrasts with the previous all-in-one approach, allowing users to mix and match the Mozilla applications with alternatives. The original Mozilla Suite continues to be developed as SeaMonkey. On December 23, 2004, Project Lightning was announced which tightly integrated calendar functionality (scheduling, tasks, etc.) into Thunderbird, and which is now available as a downloadable extension. On October 11, 2006, Qualcomm and the Mozilla Foundation announced that "future versions of Eudora will be based upon the same technology platform as the open source Mozilla Thunderbird email program."[17] The project is code-named Penelope. In late 2006, Debian rebranded Thunderbird as Icedove due to trademark and copyright reasons. This was the second product to be rebranded.[7][18] On July 26, 2007, the Mozilla Foundation announced that Thunderbird would be developed by an independent organization, because the Mozilla Corporation (a subsidiary of the foundation) was focusing on Mozilla Firefox development.[19] On September 17, 2007, the Mozilla Foundation announced the funding of a new internet communications initiative with Dr. David Ascher of ActiveState. The purpose of this initiative was "to develop Internet communications software based on the Thunderbird product, code and brand".[20] On February 19, 2008, Mozilla Messaging started operations as a subsidiary of the Mozilla Foundation responsible for the development of email and similar communications. Its initial focus was on the then upcoming version of Thunderbird 3. Alpha Preview releases of Thunderbird 3 were codenamed "Shredder". On April 4, 2011, Mozilla Messaging was merged into the Mozilla Labs group of the Mozilla Foundation.[21] As of 24 October 2011, the current version is Thunderbird 7.0.1.[22] Thunderbird 3 no longer supports versions of
    • Mozilla Thunderbird 61 Windows prior to Windows 2000 (i.e., Windows 95, 98, ME and NT) and Mac OS X versions prior to 10.4 Tiger.[23] On July 6, 2012, a confidential memo from Jb Piacentino, the Thunderbird Managing Director at Mozilla, was leaked and published to TechCrunch.[24] The memo indicates that Mozilla will be moving some of the team off the project and further development of new features will be left up to the community. The memo was slated for release on the afternoon of July 9, 2012, pacific time. Thunderbird development releases occur in three stages, called Beta, Earlybird and Daily, which correspond to Firefoxs Beta, Aurora and Nightly stages. The release dates and Gecko versions are exactly the same as Firefox; for example, Firefox 7 and Thunderbird 7 were both released on September 27, 2011, and were both based on Gecko 7.0. System requirements Thunderbird 2 Windows Operating System: Windows 98, ME, NT 4.0, XP, Server 2003, Vista, Windows 7 Minimum Hardware: 64 MB RAM Mac Operating System: Mac OS X 10.2 and later Minimum Hardware: 128 MB RAM Linux Minimum Hardware: 64 MB RAM Thunderbird 3 This Release no longer supports versions of Windows prior to Windows 2000 (e.g., Windows 95, 98, ME and NT) and Mac OS X versions prior to 10.4 Tiger.[25] Thunderbird 3.1 Windows Operating system: Windows 2000, XP, Server 2003, Vista, 7 Minimum Hardware: Pentium 233 MHz (Recommended: Pentium 500MHz or greater) Windows 7, Windows Vista, Windows XP: 768 MB RAM (Recommended: 1GB RAM or greater) Windows 2000: 256 MB RAM (Recommended: 512 MB RAM or greater) 52 MB hard drive space Mac Operating system: Mac OS X 10.4, 10.5, 10.6 Minimum Hardware: A Macintosh computer with an Intel x86 or PowerPC G3, G4, or G5 processor 256 MB RAM (Recommended: 512 MB RAM or greater) 200 MB hard drive space Linux Software requirements: Note: Linux distributors may provide packages for the respective distribution which have different requirements. The following packages and libraries are required for Thunderbird to run: - GTK+ 2.10 or higher
    • Mozilla Thunderbird 62 - Pango 1.14 or higher - GLib 2.12 or higher - X.Org 1.0 or higher The following packages and libraries are recommended for optimal functionality: - NetworkManager 0.7 or higher - HAL 0.5.8 or higher - DBus 1.0 or higher - GNOME 2.16 or higher Thunderbird 4 This version number was skipped in order to match the versioning number to Firefox for the combined release plan, wherein the new versions of both are released simultaneously. Thunderbird 5 to Thunderbird 8 Windows Operating system: Windows 2000, XP, Server 2003, Vista, 7 Recommended Hardware: Pentium 4 or newer (with support for SSE2), 1GB RAM or greater 200 MB hard drive space Mac Operating system: Mac OS X 10.5, 10.6 Minimum Hardware: A Macintosh computer with an Intel x86 processor (PowerPC support was dropped in Thunderbird 5) 512 MB RAM 200 MB hard drive space Linux Software requirements: Note: Linux distributors may provide packages for the respective distribution which have different requirements. The following packages and libraries are required for Thunderbird to run: - GTK+ 2.10 or higher - Pango 1.14 or higher - GLib 2.12 or higher - X.Org 1.0 or higher (version 1.7 is recommended) The following packages and libraries are recommended for optimal functionality: - NetworkManager 0.7 or higher - HAL 0.5.8 or higher - DBus 1.0 or higher - GNOME 2.16 or higher
    • Mozilla Thunderbird 63 References [1] Thunderbird 14.0 Notes (http:/ / www. mozilla. org/ en-US/ thunderbird/ 14. 0/ releasenotes/ ), mozilla.org, July 17, 2012, [2] http:/ / en. wikipedia. org/ wiki/ Template%3Alatest_stable_software_release%2Fmozilla_thunderbird?action=edit& preload=Template:LSR/ syntax [3] http:/ / en. wikipedia. org/ wiki/ Template%3Alatest_preview_software_release%2Fmozilla_thunderbird?action=edit& preload=Template:LSR/ syntax [4] http:/ / www. mozilla. com/ en-US/ thunderbird/ all. html [5] Mozilla Licensing Policies (http:/ / www. mozilla. org/ foundation/ licensing. html), mozilla.org, , retrieved January 5, 2012 [6] http:/ / www. mozilla. org/ thunderbird/ [7] "Debian and Mozilla - a study in trademarks" (http:/ / lwn. net/ Articles/ 118268/ ). LWN.net. . Retrieved 18 September 2010. [8] thunderbird breaks half a million downloads in three days (http:/ / weblogs. mozillazine. org/ asa/ archives/ 007074. html), Mozilla Weblog (2004-12-10) [9] thunderbird 1.0 reaches 1,000,000 downloads in just 10 days! (http:/ / weblogs. mozillazine. org/ asa/ archives/ 007119. html), Mozilla Weblog (2004-12-18) [10] "Mozillazine Forums" (http:/ / forums. mozillazine. org/ viewtopic. php?t=367638& highlight=spamassassin). Forums.mozillazine.org. . Retrieved 2009-06-18. [11] https:/ / addons. mozilla. org/ en-US/ thunderbird/ themes/ [12] Thunderbird System Requirements (http:/ / www. mozillamessaging. com/ en-US/ thunderbird/ system-requirements/ ). Mozillamessaging.com. [13] WarpZilla (http:/ / www. mozilla. org/ ports/ os2/ ) - Mozilla for OS/2 [14] http:/ / www. freshports. org/ mail/ thunderbird/ [15] Download by language (http:/ / www. mozilla. com/ en-US/ thunderbird/ all. html), retrieved on 2011-01-20 [16] Marcel Michelson (December 10, 2009). "French Military Donated Code to Mozilla Thunderbird" (http:/ / www. pcmag. com/ article2/ 0,2817,2356958,00. asp). Reuters. . Retrieved 2011-04-24. [17] Qualcomm Press Release (http:/ / www. eudora. com/ press/ 2006/ eudora-mozilla_final_10. 11. 06. html) - QUALCOMM Launches Project in Collaboration with Mozilla Foundation to Develop Open Source Version of Eudora Email Program (2006-10-11) [18] "Uses Mozilla Firefox trademark without permission - Debian Bug Tracker" (http:/ / bugs. debian. org/ cgi-bin/ bugreport. cgi?bug=354622). Debian. . Retrieved 18 September 2010. [19] Claburn, Thomas (27 July 2007). "Mozilla Gives Thunderbird E-Mail The Boot" (http:/ / www. informationweek. com/ story/ showArticle. jhtml?articleID=201201609). Internet section (InformationWeek). . Retrieved 2007-07-31. [20] "Mozilla Launches Internet Mail and Communications Initiative" (http:/ / www. mozilla. com/ en-US/ press/ mozilla-2007-09-17. html). Mozilla.com. 2007-09-17. . Retrieved 2009-06-18. [21] Paul, Ryan (5 April 2011). "Thunderbird returns to nest as Mozilla Messaging rejoins Mozilla" (http:/ / arstechnica. com/ open-source/ news/ 2011/ 04/ thunderbird-returns-to-nest-as-mozilla-messaging-rejoins-mozilla. ars). Ars Technica. . Retrieved 2011-04-05. [22] http:/ / www. mozilla. org/ en-US/ thunderbird/ 7. 0. 1/ releasenotes/ [23] (http:/ / www. mozillamessaging. com/ en-US/ thunderbird/ 3. 0/ releasenotes/ ) [24] http:/ / techcrunch. com/ 2012/ 07/ 06/ so-thats-it-for-thunderbird/ [25] "Thunderbird Release Notes" (http:/ / www. mozillamessaging. com/ en-US/ thunderbird/ 3. 0/ releasenotes/ ). . External links • Mozilla Thunderbird homepage (http://www.mozilla.org/thunderbird/) • Mozilla Thunderbird project page (https://developer.mozilla.org/en/Thunderbird) — For developers. • Rumbling Edge - Tracking developments in Mozilla Thunderbird builds (http://www.rumblingedge.com/) — For developers.
    • Add-on (Mozilla) 64 Add-on (Mozilla) Add-ons are installable enhancements to the Mozilla Foundations projects, and projects based on them. Add-ons allow the user to add or augment application features, use themes to their liking, and handle new types of content. Types of add-ons Extensions Extensions can be used to modify the behavior of existing features to the application or add entirely new features. Extensions are especially popular with Firefox, because Mozilla developers intend for the browser to be a fairly minimalistic application in order to reduce software bloat and bugs, while retaining a high degree of extensibility, so that individual users can add the features that they prefer. Featured Firefox addons from the official page Extension technologies[2] [1] • CSS (Cascading Style Sheets) • DOM (Document Object Model) – Used to change XUL in real-time or to edit HTML that is currently loaded • JavaScript – The primary language of Mozilla browsers • XPCOM (Cross-Platform Component Object Model) • XPConnect • XPI (Cross-Platform Installer) • XUL (XML User Interface Language) – Used to define the UI (User Interface) and interaction with user. • Mozilla Jetpack – a development kit aiming to lower the learning curve and development time for making add-ons. Uses Interface changes Some extensions are used to change the interface of the application. These are not to be confused with personas, which are a theme management feature. For example, several add-ons exist to change the color of the Firefox button, such as ColorizedButton. There is also an add-on which moves the menu bar to where the window title normally is on windows machines. Adding features Extensions are generally used to add functions to the application. Examples of functions which an extension might add include RSS readers, bookmark organizers, toolbars, website-specific client programs, FTP, e-mail, mouse gestures, proxy server switching, or developer tools. Many Firefox extensions implement features formerly part of the Mozilla Suite, such as the ChatZilla IRC client and a calendar.
    • Add-on (Mozilla) 65 Modifying how the user views web pages Many extensions can change the content of a webpage as it is rendered. For example, Adblock extensions can prevent the browser from loading images which are advertisements. Another popular extension, Greasemonkey, allows the user to install scripts which modify a targeted subset of webpages on the fly in a manner which is the programmatic complement to user style sheets.[3] Other uses Extensions also exist for frivolous, humorous or satirical purposes. Some allude to historical features of the Firefox browser, for example restoring the "delicious delicacies" placeholder text removed in Firefox 0.9, or generating random browser names to allude to the Firefox name changes. Plugins Common plugins include Acrobat Reader, Flash Player, Java, Quicktime, RealPlayer, Shockwave, and Windows Media Player. Compatibility and updates Add-ons contain files with XML metadata utilized by the mechanism which controls add-on installation. Among other things, this file identifies maximum and minimum versions of a Mozilla project application with which the add-on may be used. If an attempt is made to install the add-on on a version outside of this range, it will install but will be disabled. Add-ons will often work outside of their compatibility range, and indeed some advanced users edit the metadata file to allow the released version of the add-on to run on their install. It is even possible to override the compatibility check using various extensions. The success of a formal compatibility check is no guarantee the add-on will work, however. The add-on manager periodically checks for updates to installed add-ons, although checks for updates can be manually initiated by the user. By default, the update service will look for updates at Mozilla Add-ons, but if the developer includes provisions to check elsewhere, the service will do so. References [1] https:/ / addons. mozilla. org/ en-US/ firefox/ extensions/ ?sort=featured [2] http:/ / developer. mozilla. org/ En/ Firefox_addons_developer_guide/ Technologies_used_in_developing_extensions [3] http:/ / wiki. greasespot. net/ User_script External links • Mozilla Add-ons (https://addons.mozilla.org/firefox/), the official add-ons repository • Extensions documentation on Mozilla Developer Center (https://developer.mozilla.org/en/docs/Extensions)
    • Article Sources and Contributors 66 Article Sources and Contributors Firefox  Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?oldid=506418627  Contributors: %man of%s, (aeropagitica), *Mystic*, -Majestic-, 041744, 10014derek, 15turnsm, 16@r, 1nt2, 1wolfblake, 2mcm, 3dwarehouse, 6020city, 7PusaAJ,, A purple wikiuser, A-giau, A18919, A1kmm, A1r, A9l8e7n, AHM, ARC Gritt, AThing, AVRS, AaThinker, Aanhorn, Aaron J Nicoli, AaronB0413, Aavindraa, Ab irato, Abc123456person, Abedia, Abhkum, Abizern, Absconded Northerner, Abune, Acalamari, Accwxphp, Ace of Spades, Acer, Acid 1, Adam Bishop, Adam Conover, AdamWeeden, Adamlock, Adamv88, Adaxl, Adilbee, Aditya Kabir, Adnan shammot, Adraeus, Adriaan, Adrian.baker, Adyniz, Ae-a, Aebrahim, Aeon17x, Aeons, Aero Flame, Aexus, Af648, Afmenez, AfroBrazilian, Agent Smith teh Uber Pr0, Aghochikyan, Ahess247, Ahk057, Ahmad Rady, Ahoerstemeier, Ahunt, Ahy1, Aj00200, Ajpri, Akamad, Akashtaker001, Akerbeltz, Al Wiseman, AlP23, Alabama Man, AlanH, Alansohn, Albany NY, Albert Feller, Alby, Aldy, Aled D, Aleenf1, Alekk, Alerante, Alereon, Alex Weeks, Alex17 2007USA, AlexPlank, Alexcorn, Alexei-ALXM, Alexignatiou, Alexnye, Alexsh, Alexwhett, Algorithm, Ali@gwc.org.uk, Alian, Alicekey, Alinutza b, AlistairMcMillan, Allens, Almafeta, AlmostReadytoFly, Alok94, Alorlious, Alperentunga, Alphachimp, Alphax, Alrymala, Alsh, Altermike, Althena, Althepal, Altonbr, AluminumPancake, Alwaystech, Alx 91, Alxsilva, Am088, Amakuru, Ameliorate!, Amiga7777, Amits27, Amog, Amosfolarin, Amplitude101, Amygdala, Analoguedragon, Anarchopedia, Anas Salloum, Anchor TH, Andareed, AndersFeder, Andlynx, Andres, Andrevan, Andrew Duffell, Andrewdunkcool, Andrewferrier, Andrewlp1991, Andrewpmk, Andy, Andypham3000, Angeldeb82, Anirvan, Anish7, Anonymous Dissident, Anoopan, AnotherSolipsist, Antandrus, Anthony, Antrikshy, Anttipng, Antwon 3, Apeman888, Apox, Applecot, Apyule, Arathon, Arbitrarily00, Arcade, Arcticfreeze83, Arcturus4669, Ardonik, Ariel., Ariesk47, Arjun01, Armando12, Armchair info guy, Armin76, Arndbergmann, Arntuuri, Arrenlex, ArtKun, Arthena, Artichoker, Arunsingh16, Arvindn, Asbjornit, Asciimonster, Asenine, Ashishchandradev, Asqueella, Assassin4, Astroview120mm, Athelwulf, Atikronda, Attys, Aude, Auric, Austin Wellbelove, Austin512, Avalyn, Avenged Eightfold, Avenue, Avicennasis, Avish2217, Avono, Avsa, Awewe, Awormus, AxG, Ayavaron, Aydcc, Aydcery00, Aydee, Ayman, Ayucat, Babbage, Baccyak4H, Baddog121390, Badmachine, Bailey7677, BaldPark, Balubino, Baojia, BartłomiejB, BaseballDetective, Bawolff, Baylink, Bbpen, Bdesham, Bdude, Beachy, Bearcat, Bebo2good1, Beland, Ben Kenobi151, BenBen1234, BenFrantzDale, Benbread, Bender235, Benjamin22b, Benjaminoakes, Benji, Benlisquare, Benstown, Benthal, Bento00, Betatester wiki, Bevo, Big Brother 1984, BigIdiot66, Bigdaddyedward, Bigdumbdinosaur, Biggerbetterfastermore, Biker Biker, Biktora, Bility, Bilky asko, Billyea, Binbagbinbag, Bitdefuser, Blackcats, Blainster, Blanchardb, Blankfaze, Blarrrgy, Bleedingshoes, BloodIce, BlueMint, Bluefoxicy, Bmecoli, Boarder8925, Bobblehead, Bobblewik, Bobbo, Boblord, Bobo192, Bodnotbod, Boffy b, Boivie, Bolshoibooze13, Bombenleger, Bonalaw, Boogster, Bpolhemus, BradBeattie, Brasetvik, Brent Butler, Brent01, Brian Hatfield, Brianpeiris, Brianski, Brim, Bryan Derksen, Bsharkey, Btily, Bubba73, BuffaloChip97, Bumcheekcity, Bumm13, Bungle, Bush319, Buster79, Bwalko, Bwrs, Bxn1358, Bylouis, Bzbarsky, C. A. Russell, C.Logan, CWY2190, Cabin Tom, Cactusbin, Cafe Nervosa, Callum Ashton 97, Caltas, Cameron Scott, Cant sleep, clown will eat me, CanadianLinuxUser, Canageek, Canderson7, Capn Refsmmat, Capricorn42, Captainrag, CaribDigita, CarlosTn1, Carlosguitar, Carlosp420, Caroig, Cartman0052007, CaseyPenk, Cassini83, Cbrown1023, Cdmarcus, CecilWard, Ceplm, CesarB, Ceyockey, Cflm001, Cfplp, Cgand, Cgs, Chaojoker, Charitwo, Charlie Da Tuna, Chase me ladies, Im the Cavalry, Chaser, Chathurank, Chealer, Cheeseman93, Chensiyuan, ChiakiYoshino, Chip123456, Chmod007, Chochem, Chocolateboy, Choptube, Chrelion, Chris Q, Chris Ssk, Chris53516, Chris83, ChrisDuben, ChrisWar666, Chrisblore, ChristTrekker, Christopher Lamothe, Christopher.Markus.Garvey, Christopherlin, Chriswaterguy, Chuck Carroll, Chupon, Chuyeow, Ciaran H, Cic, Cinnamon colbert, Ciphergoth, Citem, Civil Engineer III, Cjcamilla, Ck135667, Ckatz, Ckywht, Classicfilms, ClementSeveillac, Cliff smith, Clindhartsen, Cmdrjameson, Cncxbox, CoJaBo, CobraBK, Cobrag7, Cochonfou, Coconut-Freak, Codenamepenryn, Cognitivelydissonant, Comets189, Commander, CommonsDelinker, ConCompS, Conscious, Contactar, Cookiecaper, Cookiecow, Coolgamer, Coolhandscot, CoramN, Corporal clegg48, Corti, Cpu111, CrackDragon, CraigRNielsen, Crazy Fox, Crazycomputers, Crazytales, Creidieki, CrisisRed, Crispytd13, CritterNYC, Crt, Ctachme, Ctbolt, Ctrl-Alt-Dimension, Cupochicken, Curtissthompson, Custa3000, Cwolfsheep, CyberSkull, Cybercobra, Cyde, Cyktsui, Cynical, Cyrius, Cyslim007, Czarkoff, Czeror, Czj, D-Notice, D6, DMTagatac, DNA300, DOSGuy, Da rulz07, Da-robster07, DaMaster11, DaProx, Daaavid, Dabomb87, Dan100, Dancraggs, Dangrossman, Danhash, Daniel Hen, Daniel.Cardenas, DanielDPeterson, DanielNuyu, Danny sepley, Danster789, Dario D., Dark-storm-ninja-force, DarkJedi613, Darolu, Darran59, Darth NormaN, Darthnader37, Darwindecks, Das Schäfchen, Dav-FL-IN-AZ-id, DaveGorman, David Gerard, David H Braun (1964), David Latapie, DavidRF, Davidd, Davidhorman, Davidwr, Davipo, Daytonlowell, Db48x, Dbabbitt, Dbachmann, Dbenbenn, Dbolton, Dbtfz, Dburghoff, Dclifton, Dcljr, De Katten, DeTru711, Dead Midgets, Dead Wrong, DeadEyeArrow, Deathawk, Deckiller, Decltype, Deeahbz, Deetdeet, Defenseman Emeritus, Dejvid, Dekisugi, Delirium, DeltaFalcon, DeltaQuad, Deltabeignet, Denniss, Densock, Depottey, DerEikopf, Desplow, Dexmon12, Dgtb1994, Diaa abdelmoneim, Diaboli, Diamondland, Diberri, Diblidabliduu, Diderot, Didimos, Diego Grez, Diego Moya, Digita, Digital-rockstar, DigitalisAkujin, Dima1, Discospinster, Dispenser, DizzyTech, Djwhiting99, Doc aberdeen, DocWatson42, Doctor Foci Whom, Doctoradel, Doctorevil64, Doctormrhi, Domthedude001, Donatj, Doopokko, Doors5678, Doshindude, Dotancohen, Double.reed, Doug52392, Dougjih, Dougweller, Doulos Christos, Download, Dr. F.C. Turner, DrMiller, DraQue Star, Dragonskin29, Dreamafter, Drogo Knotwise, Drongo, Duncan3dc, Dustinto, Dwheeler, Dycedarg, DylanGaspick, Dysprosia, E-Magination, EEMIV, Earl CG, Eb.eric, Eballnik, Ecerutti, Echawkes, Eckstasy, Ecksteing, Ed g2s, Editor99999, Edjackiel, Edlin2, Edward, Edward Z. 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    • Image Sources, Licenses and Contributors 69 Image Sources, Licenses and Contributors File:Mozilla Firefox 3.5 logo 256.png  Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=File:Mozilla_Firefox_3.5_logo_256.png  License: Trademarked  Contributors: Mozilla Foundation File:Mozilla-wordmark.png  Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=File:Mozilla-wordmark.png  License: Creative Commons Attribution-Sharealike 3.0  Contributors: Kilom691, Michael Barera, Trewyy File:Firefox14.png  Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=File:Firefox14.png  License: logo  Contributors: Mozilla Foundation File:Firefox 7 Acid 3 Result.png  Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=File:Firefox_7_Acid_3_Result.png  License: unknown  Contributors: Nicholas Love, Torsch File:Iceweasel-icon.svg  Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=File:Iceweasel-icon.svg  License: GNU General Public License  Contributors: Ricardo Fernandez Fuentes, copyright 2006-2007 File:Deer park globe.svg  Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=File:Deer_park_globe.svg  License: Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike  Contributors: SVG: Darolu Original PNG: Tene which was ostensibly taken from the Mozilla CVS. File:Mozilla Aurora icon.png  Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=File:Mozilla_Aurora_icon.png  License: unknown  Contributors: Mozilla File:Mozilla Nightly icon 2011.png  Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=File:Mozilla_Nightly_icon_2011.png  License: unknown  Contributors: Mozilla File:Minefield-icon.png  Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=File:Minefield-icon.png  License: unknown  Contributors: Mozilla File:Countries_by_most_used_web_browser.svg  Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=File:Countries_by_most_used_web_browser.svg  License: Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported  Contributors: Countries_by_most_used_web_browser.png: *BlankMap-World-v6.png: Roke derivative work: Altes (talk) derivative work: Peeperman File:Firefox.svg  Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=File:Firefox.svg  License: Public Domain  Contributors: Yarnalgo (talk) File:Browser Marketshares March 2012.svg  Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=File:Browser_Marketshares_March_2012.svg  License: Creative Commons Attribution-Sharealike 3.0  Contributors: User:Kelvinsong File:Usage share of web browsers (Source StatCounter).svg  Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=File:Usage_share_of_web_browsers_(Source_StatCounter).svg  License: Creative Commons Attribution 3.0  Contributors: User:Daniel.Cardenas, User:Litehacker File:Firefox for Android 14.0.png  Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=File:Firefox_for_Android_14.0.png  License: GNU General Public License  Contributors: Mozilla Foundation File:Phoenix0.1.PNG  Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=File:Phoenix0.1.PNG  License: unknown  Contributors: Original uploader was Mvent2 at en.wikipedia. Later version(s) were uploaded by IngerAlHaosului at en.wikipedia. File:Mozilla Firefox 1.0 front page screenshot.png  Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=File:Mozilla_Firefox_1.0_front_page_screenshot.png  License: unknown  Contributors: Original uploader was Minghong at en.wikipedia. Later version(s) were uploaded by IngerAlHaosului, GPHemsley, Alex43223, Sam Burke, Farkman, Zcrayfish, Boffy b at en.wikipedia. File:Deer Park alpha 1 installation.png  Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=File:Deer_Park_alpha_1_installation.png  License: unknown  Contributors: Original uploader was Taestell at en.wikipedia File:Deer Park alpha 1 options.png  Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=File:Deer_Park_alpha_1_options.png  License: unknown  Contributors: Original uploader was Taestell at en.wikipedia File:Wikipedia Main Page in Firefox  Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=File:Wikipedia_Main_Page_in_Firefox_2.0.0.12.png  License: Creative Commons Attribution 2.5  Contributors: Mozilla Firefox contributers File:Mozilla Firefox 3.0 in Ubuntu.png  Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=File:Mozilla_Firefox_3.0_in_Ubuntu.png  License: Creative Commons Attribution-Sharealike 3.0  Contributors: Mozilla contributors File:Mozilla Firefox 3.5.png  Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=File:Mozilla_Firefox_3.5.png  License: GNU General Public License  Contributors: Mozilla File:Firefox 4.png  Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=File:Firefox_4.png  License: unknown  Contributors: Own work File:Firefox Scratchpad.png  Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=File:Firefox_Scratchpad.png  License: Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 1.0 Generic  Contributors: Mozilla Corporation File:Page inspector firefox 10.png  Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=File:Page_inspector_firefox_10.png  License: Creative Commons Attribution-Sharealike 3.0  Contributors: User:Trewyy File:Firefox 3D tilt.png  Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=File:Firefox_3D_tilt.png  License: unknown  Contributors: User:Trewyy File:Firefox 11 on Ubuntu 12.04(Daily Build 21Mar2012).png  Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=File:Firefox_11_on_Ubuntu_12.04(Daily_Build_21Mar2012).png  License: Creative Commons Attribution-Sharealike 3.0  Contributors: ChiakiYoshino File:Firefox 13 Tab Page.png  Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=File:Firefox_13_Tab_Page.png  License: Creative Commons Attribution-Sharealike 3.0  Contributors: User:Trewyy File:Firefox 13 Home tab.png  Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=File:Firefox_13_Home_tab.png  License: unknown  Contributors: User:Trewyy File:Firefox Delicacies.png  Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=File:Firefox_Delicacies.png  License: unknown  Contributors: Original uploader was Ugen64 at en.wikipedia. Later version(s) were uploaded by Minghong, Andrevan at en.wikipedia. File:Mozilla Application Suite for Mac OS 9 Startup Screen.png  Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=File:Mozilla_Application_Suite_for_Mac_OS_9_Startup_Screen.png  License: unknown  Contributors: Mozilla Foundation Image:MozillaCaliforniaHeadquarters.JPG  Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=File:MozillaCaliforniaHeadquarters.JPG  License: Creative Commons Attribution-Sharealike 3.0  Contributors: Lukasblakk Image:Mozillaheadquarters.jpg  Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=File:Mozillaheadquarters.jpg  License: GNU Free Documentation License  Contributors: AVRS, BartłomiejB, Collix, Infrogmation, Paulbe File:Mozilla-corporation-logo-color.svg  Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=File:Mozilla-corporation-logo-color.svg  License: Public Domain  Contributors: Original uploader was KUsam at en.wikipedia File:MozillaCaliforniaHeadquarters.JPG  Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=File:MozillaCaliforniaHeadquarters.JPG  License: Creative Commons Attribution-Sharealike 3.0  Contributors: Lukasblakk Image:Mozilla 1.7.png  Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=File:Mozilla_1.7.png  License: Public Domain  Contributors: Amgine, Artem Karimov, Shooke Image:Thunderbird5.png  Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=File:Thunderbird5.png  License: unknown  Contributors: Mozilla Foundation File:Add-ons for Firefox.png  Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=File:Add-ons_for_Firefox.png  License: Creative Commons Attribution-Sharealike 3.0  Contributors: Smallman12q
    • License 70 License Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported //creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/