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Social Marketing Is The Practice Of Utilizing The

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Social Marketing Is The Practice Of Utilizing The Presentation Transcript

  • 1. SOCIAL MARKETING
  • 2. Social Marketing is the practice of utilizing the philosophy, tools, and practices of commercial marketing for health and/or social programs
  • 3. Social Marketing Basics
    Must be client/consumer/audience centered-so need to know them in order to target
    Same as commercial marketing except goal is not revenue/profit
    Focus on enhancing perceived benefits & reducing perceived barriers. Actions will only occur if perceived benefits > perceived costs
    Manage the P’s
    Measure results
  • 4. NGOs are typically value-based organizations which depend, in whole or in part, on donations and voluntary services
    Terminology
    NGOs are also known by following alternate names/terms:
    NPO: Not-For-Profit Organization
    CSO: Civil society Organization
  • 5. unique characters of NGOs
    NGOs and NPOs have a formal organizational structure.
    NOGs and NPOs are non-government entities,
    NGOs and NPOs are categorized as non-profit distributing entities
    NGOs and NPOs are self-governed, and must have the capability to manage themselves internally
  • 6. they work for the public good, supporting the interests of the general public
  • 7. There are different NGOs which cover a defined territory or the state. They, thus, also cover a defined area of working such as:
    • Advocate/Campaigning
    • 8. Life Skills development
    • 9. Promotion of Economic alternatives
    • 10. HIV/ADIS/ Health Awareness
    • 11. Community Outreach
    • 12. Legal Aid/Crisis Intervention
    • 13. Community Mobilization and Collectivization
    • 14. Integrated Water Resource Management
    • 15. Child Labour abolition
    • 16. Rural Transformation through Self Help and Empowerment and Micro finance.
  • TYPES OF NON-PROFIT ORGANIZATIONS
    The different types of non-profit organization include:
    Private educational institutions like private universities, college, and schools.
    Charities.
    Social service organizations
    Health service organizations like Sri Venkateshwara institute of Medical Sciences.
    Foundations
    Cultural organizations
    Religious organizations like Tirumala-TirupatiDevasthanamsandShirdi Dai Samsthanams.
    Social organizations
  • 17. An NGO may play more than one role in society, with reference to advocacy, grassroots implementation or opinion-making, etc. Following are the types of NGOs based on their roles and areas of working:
    Advocacy for a cause
    Grassroot implementation
    Mother NGOs
    Corporate NGOs
    Opinion-makers
    Global
  • 18. TYPES OF NGOs: EXAMPLES – GLOBAL AND INDIAN (Contd..)
  • 19. TYPES OF NGOs: EXAMPLES – GLOBAL AND INDIAN
  • 20. TYPES OF NGOs: EXAMPLES – GLOBAL AND INDIAN (Contd..)
  • 21. Table: Advocacy methods for NGOs
  • 22. CATEGORIES OF NON-PROFIT ORGANISTIONS
    Non-profit organizations can be basically classified into two groups viz.,
    (i) private non-profit organizations,
    (ii) public non-profit organizations.
  • 23. Difference between Profit and Non-Profit / Private Organization
  • 24. Significant Difference between Business and Public (Government) Organisations
  • 25. What are the fundamental differences between managing an NGO and a company
  • 26. What are the challenges in both, and how do you overcome them?
  • 27. 8 P’s of Social marketing
    Product
    Price
    Place
    Promotion
    Public
    Partnership
    Policy
    Purse Strings
  • 28. Can corporate principles be replicated at an NGO?
  • 29. Steps for designing a social Marketing Campaign
    Step 1- Need assessment of consumers
    Step 2- Consumer Research
    Step 3-Audience Segmentation
    Step 4- Social Marketing Mix
    Step 5- Develop and Pre-test ur material
    Step6-Implementation
    Step 7-Evaluation
    Step 8-Feedback
  • 30. Product
    The social marketing "product" is not necessarily a physical offering. A continuum of products exists, ranging from tangible, physical products (e.g., condoms), to services (e.g., medical exams), practices (e.g., breastfeeding, ORT or eating a heart-healthy diet) and finally, more intangible ideas (e.g., environmental protection). In order to have a viable product, people must first perceive that they have a genuine problem, and that the product offering is a good solution for that problem. The role of research here is to discover the consumers' perceptions of the problem and the product, and to determine how important they feel it is to take action against the problem.
  • 31. Price
    "Price" refers to what the consumer must do in order to obtain the social marketing product. This cost may be monetary, or it may instead require the consumer to give up intangibles, such as time or effort, or to risk embarrassment and disapproval. If the costs outweigh the benefits for an individual, the perceived value of the offering will be low and it will be unlikely to be adopted. However, if the benefits are perceived as greater than their costs, chances of trial and adoption of the product is much greater.
  • 32. Place
    "Place" describes the way that the product reaches the consumer. For a tangible product, this refers to the distribution system--including the warehouse, trucks, sales force, retail outlets where it is sold, or places where it is given out for free. For an intangible product, place is less clear-cut, but refers to decisions about the channels through which consumers are reached with information or training. This may include doctors' offices, shopping malls, mass media vehicles or in-home demonstrations. Another element of place is deciding how to ensure accessibility of the offering and quality of the service delivery. By determining the activities and habits of the target audience, as well as their experience and satisfaction with the existing delivery system, researchers can pinpoint the most ideal means of distribution for the offering
  • 33. promotion
    Finally, the last "P" is promotion. Because of its visibility, this element is often mistakenly thought of as comprising the whole of social marketing. However, as can be seen by the previous discussion, it is only one piece. Promotion consists of the integrated use of advertising, public relations, promotions, media advocacy, personal selling and entertainment vehicles
  • 34. Public
    Social marketers often have many different audiences that their program has to address in order to be successful. "Publics" refers to both the external and internal groups involved in the program. External publics include the target audience, secondary audiences, policymakers, and gatekeepers, while the internal publics are those who are involved in some way with either approval or implementation of the program.
  • 35. Partnership
    Social and health issues are often so complex that one agency can't make a dent by itself. You need to team up with other organizations in the community to really be effective. You need to figure out which organizations have similar goals to yours--not necessarily the same goals--and identify ways you can work together.
  • 36. policy
    Social marketing programs can do well in motivating individual behavior change, but that is difficult to sustain unless the environment they're in supports that change for the long run. Often, policy change is needed, and media advocacy programs can be an effective complement to a social marketing program.
  • 37. Purse Strings
    Most organizations that develop social marketing programs operate through funds provided by sources such as foundations, governmental grants or donations. This adds another dimension to the strategy development-namely, where will you get the money to create your program?
  • 38. SOME MAJOR NGOs
    Self Employed women’s Association (SEWA), Ahmedabad, Gujarat.
    Society for Participatory Research in Asia (PRIA), New Delhi.
    Church’s auxiliary for social Action (CASA), New Delhi
    SAHELI, New Delhi.
    NIRANTAR, New Delhi
    Voluntary Action Network, India (VANI, New Delhi
    ANKUR, New Delhi
    People’s rural Education Movement (PREM), Mandiapally, Orissa
    LOK SHAKTI, Balasore, Orissa
    UNNATI, Ahmedabad, Gujarat
    Society for Promotion of Area Resource Centre (SPARC), Bombay
    PREPARE, Madras
    ASMITA (Resource Centre for Women), Hyderabad
    Child In Need Institute (CINI), Calcutta
  • 39. Their primary purpose is to defend or promote a specific cause. As opposed to operational project management, these organizations typically try to raise awareness, acceptance and knowledge by lobbying, press work and activist events.
  • 40. The Mother NGO scheme was introduced by the Department of Family Welfare in the Ninth Five Year Plan (1997-2002) under the Reproductive and Child Health Program. Under this scheme, the Department of FW identified and sanctioned grants to selected NGOs called Mother NGOs (MNGOs) in allocated district/s. These MNGOs, in turn, issued grants to smaller NGOs, called Field NGOs (FNGOs), in the allocated district/s. The grants were to be used for promoting the goals/objective as outlined in the Reproductive and Child Health Programme of the union government. The major thrust of the MNGOs and FNGOs is in the area of advocacy and awareness generation in respect of the RCH programme, with due emphasis on gender, while aiming to augment institutional capacity at the field levels. They also play a crucial role in addressing the gaps in information and counseling.