Ankit singh rana plc

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Ankit singh rana plc

  1. 1. Sofcon Pvt. Ltd.Sofcon Pvt. Ltd.Presented By:Presented By:ANKIT SINGH RANAANKIT SINGH RANAECE(4ECE(4ththYear)Year)
  2. 2. AutomationAutomationAutomation is basically a delegation of human control function to controltechnical equipment.Automation is the use of control systems and information technologiesreducing the need for human intervention.
  3. 3. It is a technology dealing with theapplication of• mechatronics• computersfor production of goods and services.Automation is broadly classified into• manufacturing automation• service automation3
  4. 4. CONCEPT OF AUTOMATIONCONCEPT OF AUTOMATION
  5. 5. 1.MANUAL CONTROLAutomation HistoryAutomation History5.PLC2.PNEUMATIC CONTROL 3.HARD WIRE LOGIC CONTROL4.ELECTRONIC CONTROL USINGGATES
  6. 6. Automation ToolsAutomation ToolsDifferent types of automation tools exist:DCS - Distributed Control SystemHMI - Human Machine InterfaceSCADA - Supervisory Control and Data AcquisitionPLC - Programmable Logic ControllerInstrumentationMotion control
  7. 7. SCADA stands for supervisory control and dataacquisition.It generally refers to an industrial controlsystem: a computer system monitoring andcontrolling a process.The process can be industrial, infrastructure orfacility-based.Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition System refersto a system that enables an electric utility to monitor,coordinate, control and operate distribution componentsand devices in a real-time mode from remote locationswith acquisition of data for analysis and planning, fromone central location
  8. 8. BOILERBOILER
  9. 9. Features of SCADAFeatures of SCADADYNAMIC REPRESENTATION ALARMSTRENDS SCRIPTS
  10. 10. Features of SCADAFeatures of SCADADEVICE CONNECTIVITYRECIPE SECURITYDATABASE CONNECTIVITY
  11. 11. SCADA SOFTWARESSCADA SOFTWARESWONDERWARE - INTOUCHALLEN BRADLEY- RSVIEW32SEIMENS - WINCCGE FANUC - CIMPLICITYKPIT - ASTRA
  12. 12. What does PLC stand for?What does PLC stand for? PLC - programmable logicPLC - programmable logiccontrollercontroller PLC implementsPLC implements logiclogiccontrol functionscontrol functions by meansby meansof aof a programprogram
  13. 13. A PLC is an industrial computerA PLC is an industrial computerused to monitor inputs, andused to monitor inputs, anddepending upon their statedepending upon their statemake decisions based on itsmake decisions based on itsprogram or logic, to control (turnprogram or logic, to control (turnon/off) its outputs to automate aon/off) its outputs to automate amachine or a process.machine or a process.
  14. 14. Structure of a PLCStructure of a PLC
  15. 15. PLC Input DevicesPLC Input Devices Push buttonsPush buttons Switches (limit switches, levelSwitches (limit switches, levelswitches, etc.)switches, etc.) SensorsSensors
  16. 16. PLC Output DevicesPLC Output DevicesRelay contactsRelay contactsSolenoid valvesSolenoid valvesSignal devices (such as lamps,Signal devices (such as lamps,alarms, etc.)alarms, etc.)MotorsMotors
  17. 17. PLC Input/Output DevicesPLC Input/Output Devices
  18. 18. PLCsPLCs
  19. 19. Ladder diagramLadder diagram
  20. 20. SWITCHSWITCH
  21. 21. IMPACT of AUTOMATIONIMPACT of AUTOMATIONAutomation has had a notable impact in a wide range of highlyvisible industries beyond manufacturing.Once-ubiquitous telephone operators have been replaced largely byautomated telephone switchboards and answering machines.Medical processes such as primary screening inelectrocardiography or radiography and laboratory analysis ofhuman genes, cells, and tissues are carried out at much greaterspeed and accuracy by automated systems.In general, automation has been responsible for the shift in the worldeconomy from agrarian to industrial in the 19th century and fromindustrial to services in the 20th century.
  22. 22. ADVANTAGESADVANTAGESAccurate and consistentinformationFaster fault identificationImproved availability of system Increased Production
  23. 23. ADVANTAGESADVANTAGESReduced Cost Maintenance of Quality & QuantityImproved Safety Conditions
  24. 24. DisadvantagesDisadvantagesThe main disadvantages of automation are:Technology limits: Current technology is unable toautomate all the desired tasks.Unpredictable development costs.:The research anddevelopment cost of automating a process is difficultto predict accurately beforehand. Since this cost canhave a large impact on profitability, its possible tofinish automating a process only to discover thattheres no economic advantage in doing so.Initial costs are relatively high: The automation of anew product required a huge initial investment incomparison with the unit cost of the product,although the cost of automation is spread in manyproduct batches
  25. 25. APPLICATIONSAPPLICATIONS1. Automated Video surveillance
  26. 26. APPLICATIONSAPPLICATIONS2.Automated manufacturing3.Home Automation
  27. 27. THANKS FOR YOURTHANKS FOR YOURATTENTION!!!!!!!!!!

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