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Product brochure of agri commodities
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Product brochure of agri commodities


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  • 1. NCDEXPRODUCT BROCHURE OF AGRI COMMODITIES1. CASTOR SEED: - Castor plant (Ricinus communis) is grown in arid and semi-arid regionsin India. It is a kharif crop, sowing in July-August and arrivals from Decemberonwards till March. Bag packed of castor seed contains 75kg by weight. Manufacturingof soaps, lubricants, hydraulic and brake fluids, paints, dyes, coatings, inks, cold resistantplastics, waxes and polishes, nylon, pharmaceuticals and perfumes. Castor oil is thelargest vegetable oil exported out of India. India is the biggest exporter of castor oilholding about 70% share of the international trade in this commodity followed by China &Brazil.2. CEREALS: - Cereals are important ingredients of everyone’s meal and price variations.Barley, Maize and Wheat (BMW) are three cereals traded on the leading national agricommodity exchange of the country, NCDEX.3. BARLEY- production of Barley which is grown in Rabi season has varied in the range of1.20 to 1.69 million MT in the last decade. Barley malt is mostly used in the production ofalcoholic beverages in the country. Plantation in October and November. Harvesting inApril and May.4. MAIZE- Maize is a Kharif as well as Rabi crop, India gets a greater part of the total maizeproduction from Kharif season crop. In Kharif, Plantation in May and June. Harvesting inOctober and November. In Rabi, Plantation in October and November. Harvesting in Apriland May.5. WHEAT- India is the second largest producer of Wheat in the world after China. Wheat isa major food grain crop grown in Rabi season in India. Plantation in October andNovember. Harvesting in April and May.1 | P a g e
  • 2. NCDEX6. CHANA: - Chana, also called Bengal gram or chick pea. India is the largest consumerand producer of chana in the world. The two popular varieties of chana in India are Desiand Kabuli. Chana is a Rabi crop sown during the winter months in India. The peak arrivalperiod is March - April at the mandis in India. Sowing time is Oct, Nov, Dec. Harvest timeis Feb, march and April.7. COTTON: - Cotton is one of the major Cash Crop of India. Being a fiber crop, it isprimarily used as a raw material for textile industry. Because of its wide scale of usage,it happens to be one of the most traded commodities in the World. India invariably ranks2nd/ 3rd in terms of production, and is also the 2nd largest exporter in the world.8. COTTON SEED OILCAKE: - Cotton seed oilcake is a major source of livestock feed.Harvesting time is Nov, Dec, Jan and February. Sowing time is march, April, may, Juneand July and Growth time is Aug and September.9. SOYBEAN: - Soybean is an important global crop and processed soybean is the largestsource of protein feed and second largest source of vegetable oil in the world. Modernsoybean varieties generally reach a height of around 1 m (3 ft), and take about 80-120days from sowing to harvesting. Harvesting time is Sep, Oct and Nov. Sowing time isJune, July and Growth time is Aug.10.SUGAR: - Sugar is produced in 115 countries and is extracted from either Sugar cane orSugar beet; around 70% of the world sugar is extracted from Sugar cane. Sugar canethrives well under tropical climates. Sugar season in India starts from October and ends inSeptember. Sugarcane crop in Maharashtra is classified under three categories2 | P a g e
  • 3. NCDEXdepending on the season in which they are sown: Adsali (18 month crop); Pre-monsoon(15 month crop); Suru (12 month crop). Sugar marketing year in India starts from Octoberand extends till September. Major crushing period is November to April.11.GUAR COMPLEX: - Guar seed is mainly used for human consumption, cattle feed,medicinal purposes and also for soil improvement. The immature pods are dried and friedas chips, and the green pods are also cooked for human consumption. The mostimportant industrial use of Guar Seed is in the form of Guar Gum. Manufacturing of gumfrom its beans gives such astonishing results that it is considered `white gold.12.SPICES COMPLEX: - India is the leading producer, consumer and exporter of spices inthe world. From time immemorial India has been known as the Land of Spices.13.RAP MUSTERED SEED: - Mustard seeds (Brassica Napus) also known as Rape,Oilseed rape, Rapeseeds and Canola are very widely cultivated throughout the world. Theseeds can come from three different plants: black mustard, brown Indian mustard, andwhite mustard. Mustard seed is the third leading source of vegetable oil in the world after3 | P a g e
  • 4. NCDEXSoya bean oil and palm oil. It is basically a winter crop, requiring a temperate climate toprosper. The planting season or the sowing period in India is during the Rabi season i.e.October to November. The crop starts flowering in the months of November, December,January and February. The harvesting period is from February to March.4 | P a g e