Leadership is the process of influencing others towards the accomplishment of goals. It is the ability of a manager to induce subordinates to work with confidence and zeal. A key to effective leadership is helping followers to achieve their respective essential goals as well as their maximum potentialities. Dynamic leaders, therefore, should have the ability to awaken in others, the desire to follow a common objective in a given situation.
Leadership, thus, is a function of the leader, the followers and other situational variables. L = F (l, f, s) Leadership does not flourish in vacuum. It always envisages followers. Further, leadership envisages the idea of interpersonal influence.
“Leadership refers to the quality of behaviour of the individual whereby they guide people on their activities in organized effort.” —Chester Barnard “Leadership is the ability to awaken in others the desire to follow a common objective.” —Livingston
“Leadership may be defined as the ability to exert interpersonal influence by means of communication toward the achievement of a goal.” —Koontz and 0’ Donnell “Leadership is a human factor which binds a group together and motivates towards the particular goal.” —Keith Davis
Leadership is a personal quality. Leadership is the ability to form a group of followers voluntarily without the use of coercion. Leadership pre-supposes the existence of a group of followers. Leadership is the process of interpersonal influence by which leader influences the followers. Leadership involves the sharing of interest between the leader and his followers.
Leadership is a continuous process of influencing behaviour. Leadership is situational. Leadership is exercised in a particular situation at a given point of time and under a specific set of circumstances. Leadership not only influences the group but group also influences the leader. In a way it is a reciprocal relationship.
Each subordinate has face to face communication, personal touch and informal relationship with his leader. Direct access to his leader enhances sense of participation and thus we have high morale and high output of quality goods. We also have very successful feedback. Indian ethics looks for the whole life not merely the human life. Human being is the only permanent self in one’s life, other roles change. The core is constant. This would enable them to identify themselves with their organization and they would seek their own goals in the fulfillment of organization goals. We have the harmony of goals. Leading provides continuous, never ending guidance, coaching, advice, counseling and helping all subordinates in their routine activities. We have best team work and team spirit.
Leader adopts value driven holistic approach in management of human resource. This ensures harmony and happiness in the organisation. Democratic participative leadership style allows creative and competent subordinates, active participation in planning and decision-making. Leading must’ develop a sense of belongingness and family feeling in all employees. This would enable them to identify themselves with their organisation and they would seek their own goals in the fulfillment of organisation goals. We have the harmony of goals. Leading provides continuous, never ending guidance, coaching, advice, counselling and helping all subordinates in their routine activities. We have best team work and team spirit.
BECOMING A LEADER Good leadership involves responsibility to the welfare of the group Some people will get angry with your actions and decisions It’s inevitable, if you’re honorable“Being responsible sometimes means pissing people off.” - Secretary of State ,Colin L Powell 12
REJECTIONCRITICISMLONELINESSPRESSURE & PERPLEXITYMENTAL AND PHYSICAL FATIGUEPRICE PAID BY THOSE CLOSEST TO YOU 13
By empowering others, leaders tap unlimited resources available tothem by allowing others to: Use initiative Be resourceful Better accomplish the mission Use teamwork Take charge Use common sense and judgment 15
Leadership has great flexibility in varying the level ofempowerment based on the individual’s capabilities andseriousness of the consequences of the individual’saction/inaction.When assessing capabilities, consider the following: Willingness to accept empowerment Training Judgment Experience 16
Members don’t feel valued Creates negative attitudes Not developing all employees Higher absenteeism Low productivity/poor quality Miscommunication 17
Members at all levels feel needed Promotes positive attitudes Utilize all resources Reduce complaints Members share ideas Less confusion Shared goals Fosters TEAM building 18
Leadership is power (with people rather than over people) Leaders are born (but leaders are also “made”) All groups have leaders (large groups tend to require a leader) People resist their leaders (most groups accept the need for a leader) Leaders make or break their groups The “romance of leadership” exaggerates the impact of a leader Leaders do make a difference (e.g., sports teams)