Hrppt

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Hrppt

  1. 1. Sukti ChakrabartiAssistant Professor(HR)
  2. 2. MAIN PROBLEMS1. UNEVEN GROWTH(INDUSTRY-WISE AND AREA- WISE)2. SMALL SIZE OF UNIONS3. FINANCIAL WEAKNESS4. MULTIPLICITY OF UNIONS AND INTER-UNION RIVALRY5. LEADERSHIP ISSUE6. POLITICALISATION OF UNIONS7. PROBLEM OF RECOGNITION OF TRADE UNIONS
  3. 3. I]UNEVEN GROWTH(INDUSTRY-WISEAND AREA-WISE) The trade union has not influenced a variety of industries. Plantations, coalmines, food, textiles, printing press, chemicals, utility services, transport and communications and commerce are the main organised industries where unionism has made progress. The trade union activities are mostly concentrated in the large-scale industry sector and there too in regard to manual labour only.
  4. 4. UNEVEN GROWTH(CONTD…) Trade unionism is mainly concentrated in a few states and in bigger industrial centres in those states. E.g. textile workers in Bombay, Ahmedabad, Surat, Vadodara, Indore, Kanpur; plantation labour in Assam, West Bengal, Tamil nadu and Kerala; Jute mill workers in Bengal……. Hardly any trade union activity exists in small-scale enterprises, domestic servants and agricultural labour.
  5. 5. II]SMALL SIZE OF UNIONS The fact that any seven workers may form a union under the Trade Union Act of 1926 and get it registered has resulted in a large number of small unions. Women workers although form a substantial part of the labour force were usually not allowed to join a trade union.The trend has chenged.E.g.Self Employed Women’s Association(SEWA) for the unorganised sector. Multiplicity of unions in an organisation also is the cause of small size of the unions.
  6. 6. III]FINANCIAL WEAKNESS Workers are apathetic towards the unions and do not want to contribute a part of their hard earned money to it. Members make adhoc payments instead of regular payments. In cases of multiplicity unions keep their fees unusually low to attract members.
  7. 7. IV]MULTIPLICITY OF UNIONS ANDINTER-UNION RIVALRY The multiplicity of unions leads to inter-union rivalries which ultimately cuts at the very root of unionism, weakens the power of collective bargaining and reduces the effectiveness of workers in securing their legitimate rights. Therefore there should be one union in one industry.
  8. 8. V]LEADERSHIP ISSUE Indian trade union from its very inception was closely associated with the freedom struggle of the country and as such was dominated by national leaders. Prior to independence Gandhiji individualised the trade union movement of the country. Subsequently after independence every political party or groups have patronised a particular union and provided it much desired leadership and support.
  9. 9. LEADERSHIP ISSUE(Contd…) It is distressing to note that even today most Indian trade unions are in the clutches of outside leaders. These leaders happen to be totally strangers to the workers and their trade unions. Also they hardly have any idea about the real problems of the workers. The Govt. has tried to address this issue.
  10. 10. LEADERSHIP ISSUE(Contd…) The Govt. of India while drawing up the Scheme of Workers’ Participation in October 1975 had laid down a legitimate condition that no non-worker would be allowed to become a member of the Shop Council or Joint Council in any industrial enterprise. In the Scheme for the Representation of the Workers’ Representatives in the public sector enterprises the same provision has been made.
  11. 11. VI]POLITICALISATION OF UNIONS One of the biggest problems that the country’s trade union movement faces is the influence of political parties. The trade unions which were formed to safeguard and promote the social and economic interests of workers have tended to become tools of party politics.
  12. 12. VII]RECOGNITION OF THE UNIONS The National Commission on Labour is of the opinion that recognition of trade unions should be made compulsory under a Central law in all undertakings employing 100 or more workers. A trade union seeking recognition as a bargaining agent from an individual employer should have a membership of at least 30% of workers in that establishment.
  13. 13. RECOGNITION OF THE UNIONS(CONTD…) The minimum membership should be 25%, if membership is sought for an industry in a local area. Where there are multiple unions contending for recognition the one with more number of followers would be recognised.
  14. 14. THANK YOU

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