India

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India

  1. 1. As Seen By:<br />Ankita Chhajlani<br />MBA – IB (2009-11)<br />
  2. 2. Unity in Diversity<br />It is not just another phrase or quotation. But, these words are highly prudent to a country like India that is incredibly rich in culture and heritage. <br />The warmth in the relations and euphoria in celebrations make the country stands out distinctively in the clutter. The cuisines, festivals, music, literature, and theatre..everything is &apos;special&apos; in this &apos;land of Gods&apos;.<br />This slide show is an attempt to capture the beauty and essence of India’s culture.<br />Namaste… <br />
  3. 3. India – A Brief History<br />Vedic Civilization<br />Indus & Saraswati Civilizations <br />Rise of Jainism and Buddhism <br />Mauryan Period <br />Golden Age of Indian Arts & Sciences <br />Muslim Invasions<br />The Mughal Empire<br />Portuguese Invasion<br />The British East-India Company<br />The British Empire<br />India&apos;s Freedom Struggle <br />Independence <br />Modern India 2020 Vision<br />
  4. 4. Culturally Rich Achievements<br />The digit zero and the decimal numbering system was invented in India<br />Chess was given to the world by India<br /> Algebra, Trigonometry, and Calculus were known to Indians long before modern Mathematics recognized them<br />The game of Snakes and Ladders was invented here<br /> The value of “pi” was determined first, in India<br />Ayurveda is the earliest literature of medicine known to <br /> mankind. The father of medicine, Charaka, practiced medicine 2500 years ago.<br />India never invaded any country in her 10,000 years of history<br />Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism, and Sikhism were born in India and now, 25% of the world&apos;s population is following them<br />
  5. 5. Everything is Artistic Here…<br />Dance, drama, theatre or music, every art is unique in itself. In India, religions, mythology and classical literature form the basis of most of the performing arts.<br />Indian classical dances like Bharatnatyam, Kathakali, Kathak, Manipuri, Odissi and Kuchipudi mainly follow the codes of natyashastra, mythology and classical literature and epics like Ramayana and Mahabharta. <br />Another kind of performing art is theatre. Uniqueness of Indian theatre is the puppet show. For centuries, Puppet shows have been popular in creating awareness about social issues in masses and inculcating the moral values of truth and honesty in the kids.<br />
  6. 6. Indian Architechture<br />
  7. 7. The Sangeet Academy of India, the premier body of performing arts in India set up by Government of India recognizes eight classical dance forms: <br />Bharatanatyam<br />Kathak<br />Kathakali <br />Kuchipudi<br />Manipuri <br />Mohiniaattam<br />Odissi<br />Sattriya<br />Dances Of India<br />
  8. 8. Indian Movies<br />Films are another kind of popular performing arts in India. <br />The country produces more than 1000 movies every year , which have domestic as well as international viewership. <br />India produces movies in every language like Hindi, Punjabi, Gujarati, Kannada, Telugu, Bengali or Marathi<br />
  9. 9. India has the largest movie industry in the world, producing over 1000 movies a year.<br />
  10. 10. Indian Music<br />For Indians, music is to the soul what food is to the body… <br />There are two types of schools in the classical Indian music<br />HindustaniMusic (North) <br />Carnatic Music (South)<br />‘Raga’ arrangement of musical notes is the key in the classical music. Music of Indian movies is also liked by the masses. <br />
  11. 11. India – Religiously Yours!<br />India is a land of diversities. This diversity is also visible in the spheres of religion. The major religions of India are Hinduism (majority religion), Islam (largest minority religion), Sikhism, Christianity, Buddhism, Jainism, Zoroastrianism, Judaism and the Bahá&apos;í Faith. India is a land where people of different religions and cultures live in harmony. This harmony is seen in the celebration of festivals. The message of love and brotherhood is expressed by all the religions and cultures of India. <br />
  12. 12. It calls for Celebration!!!<br />The &apos;Land of Gods&apos; never needs a particular reason to celebrate. Every day of the year there is a festival celebrated in some part of the country. Some festivals welcome the seasons of the year, the harvest, the rains, or the full moon. Others celebrate religious occasions, the birthdays of divine beings, saints, and gurus (revered teachers). A number of these festivals are common to most parts of India. <br />Important National Festivals are: <br />Independence Day<br />Republic Day<br />Gandhi Jayanti<br />Important religious festivals celebrated in India are:<br />Diwali<br />Dussera<br />Holi<br />RakshaBandhan<br />Id<br />Christmas<br />Onam<br />Pongal<br />
  13. 13. Indian Marriages<br />Time has changed but the lavishness has always been an integral and indispensable part of Indian marriages. In India, marriage is still taken as an institution where not two people but two families get united. So, it always calls for boisterous celebrations full of music and dance.<br />In Hindu marriages, while Punjabis perform the &apos;Roka&apos; ceremony in weddings, Sindhis perform the &apos;Berana&apos;. But most common of all is the ritual of Hast Milap ceremony popularly called PaanigrahanSanskar.<br />Muslims also have their own special way of celebrating the marriage ceremony, popularly called Nikaah. During the auspicious occasion, the groom&apos;s family gives mehar (nuptial gift) to the bride.<br />
  14. 14. What we Wear…<br />
  15. 15. What we Eat…<br />Number of religions, number of states and thus number of cuisines. If north India has cholebhature, tanduri chicken, rajmachawal, kadichawal, dhokla, daalbaatichurma and biryani to relish, then our south India is not behind in the race. From masaladosa, ravauttpam, rasam, sambar-lemon rice to toran, appam, meen; the south Indian cuisine has a great variety to offer.<br />
  16. 16. Indian Languages<br />The languages of India belong to two major linguistic families, the Indo-European languages—Indo-Aryan (spoken by 70% of Indians)—and the Dravidian languages (spoken by 22% of Indians), , the former largely confined to the north and the latter to the south.<br />The official language of the Republic of India is Hindi, and its subsidiary official language is English.<br />
  17. 17. Despite so many diversities, people in India are united and they feel proud of their culture and tradition. On the world stage, either through international film festivals or through beauty pageants, India displays regularly its talent and culture. Many rulers came but none could bring harm to its culture, rather Indians preserved the good values of their cultures too. The flexibility and movement with time make Indian Culture fashionable and acceptable. <br />
  18. 18. Quote Unquote<br />“We owe a lot to the Indians, who taught us to count, without which no worthwhile scientific discovery could have been made.”<br />- Albert Einstein<br />&quot;India is the cradle of the human race, the birthplace of human speech, the mother of history, the grandmother of legend, and the great grand mother of tradition. Our most valuable and most astrictive materials in the history of man are treasured up in India only!“<br />- Mark Twain<br />&quot;India conquered and dominated China culturally for 20 centuries without ever having to send a single soldier across her border.”<br /> - Hu Shih, former Ambassador of China to USA<br />“If I were to look over the whole world to find out the country most richly endowed with all the wealth, power and beauty that nature can bestow, in some parts a very paradise on earth, I should point to India. ”<br />- Professor Max Muller<br />
  19. 19. JAI HO!!<br />
  20. 20. References<br />www.wikipedia.com<br />www.culturopedia.com<br />www.festivalsinindia.net<br />

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