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OSHA- Bloodborne Pathogens

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  • 1. Last Updated 6/8/2008 OSHA- Bloodborne Pathogens
  • 2. Introduction
      • OSHA has regulations to protest those workers who are at risk of exposure to diseases caused by bloodborne pathogens. One is a human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), which causes acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS).
  • 3. Introduction … Page 2
      • People can carry HIV for years without any symptoms. AIDS attacks the human immune system. Once people actually develop AIDS, their immune systems can’t fight off disease. Usually, when people dies from AIDS, they actually dies from a disease their bodies couldn’t recover from, such as pneumonia or certain types of cancer.
  • 4. Introduction… page 3
      • OSHA is also concerned about other bloodborne pathogen that’s much more common than AIDS. That’s the hepatitis B virus (HBV). HBV affects the liver and is fatal in a small number of cases. People who carry HBV can pass it on to others. And once you carry HBV, you’re at much greater risk for such possibly fatal liver ailments as cirrhosis of the liver and primary liver cancer.
  • 5. Introduction… Page 4
      • Your chances of coming in contact with these viruses on the job are really slim. People whose job cause them to come into regular contact with blood or other body fluids rarely become infected. But because of HIV and HBV are so serious, it’s important works to make every effort to prevent risky exposure to human blood or other bodily fluids.
      • Today, we’re going to talk about the regulation that deals with these issues, the Bloodborne Pathogens Standard, which includes information and precautions you should understand, especially if you have to respond to an emergency on or off the job. The standard also requires employers to develop a written exposure control plan and make it available to you. This company’s plan is locate (give location).
  • 6. Identify Hazards
      • Bloodborne pathogens can be transmitter through human blood and various other body fluids. But let’s look first at how HIV and HBV are not transmitted.
      • You can’t tell by looking at someone if that person carries HIV or HBV.
  • 7. Identifying Hazards … Page 2
      • The standard PPE requirement make sense for anyone who wants to avoid contact with blood and possible exposure to infection. If you want to help a bleeding person, wear disposable gloves if at all possible. And if gloves aren’t available, use a handkerchief, towel, or other protection to avoid direct contact with blood or other bodily fluids.
  • 8. Protection Against Hazards
      • If there’s an accident that involves large quantities of blood, protective clothing and eyewear are also recommended.
      • It’s also a good idea to treatment PPE that’s worn to prevent contact with blood and bodily fluids the same way you would any protective gear.
        • Check to make sure it’s in good condition before putting it on.
        • Remove it carefully to avoid contaminating yourself or anything else around you.
        • Dispose of it in proper containers. Towels, sheets, and other possibly infected linens also have to be placed in proper containers for disposal.
        • Don’t mix contaminated clothing or linens with other laudry.
  • 9. Protection Against Hazards… Page 2
      • Yet another familiar part of universal precautions is the instruction to wash any exposed skin with soap and water immediately after exposure to infectious materials. Thorough washing is also required as soon as gloves or other PPE is removed.
      • In addition, if the eyes. Nose, or mouth have come in contact with blood, employees are instructed to immediately flush the exposed parts with water.
  • 10. Protection Against Hazards… Page 3
      • Other hygiene instructions are also much like those we follow with hazardous substances. For example:
        • Don’t keep food and drink in work areas with exposure potential.
        • Don’t eat, drink., smoke, apply makeup or lip balm, or handle contact lenses in areas with exposure potential.
        • Take care to minimize splashing or spattering of potentially infectious materials.
        • Don’t suction potentially infectious materials by mouth
        • Cover open cuts, rashes, and other broken skin.
        • Don’t touch anything that’s contaminated, such as a bloody surface or clothing.