Introduction To Disabilities
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Introduction To Disabilities






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Introduction To Disabilities Introduction To Disabilities Presentation Transcript

  • Introduction to Disabilities Lasted updated 6/21/2008
  • To Achieve
    • Inclusion
    • Community
    • And Freedom
      • For people with disabilities, we must use
  • People First Language
    • A commentary by Kathie Snow
      • “ The difference between the right world & the almost right word is the difference between lightning and the lightning bug.”
        • Mark Twain
  • Who are the so-called Handicapped?
    • Society’s myths tell us they are:
      • People who “suffer” from the “tragedy of birth defects”
      • “ Paraplegic heroes” who “struggle” to become “normal” again
      • “ Victims” who “fight” to “overcome” their conditions
      • Categorically: the so-called disabled, retarded, autistic, blind, deaf, learning disabled, and more
  • Who are they, Really?
    • They are moms and dads and sons and daughters
    • Employees, employers
    • Scientists (Stephen Hawking)
    • Friends and neighbors
    • Leaders and followers
    • Movie stars (Marlee Matlin)
    • Students and teachers
      • They are people.
      • They are people, first.
  • The Beginning of Wisdom is to Call Things by Their Right Names ( Old Chinese Proverb)
    • Are you myopic or do you wear glasses?
    • Are you cancerous or do you have cancer?
    • Are you freckled or do you have freckles?
    • Are you handicapped or disabled or do you have a disability?
  • People First Language describes what a person HAS, not what person IS?
  • People First Language put the person before the disability!
  • The Disability Rights Movement
    • Is the following in the footsteps of the Civil Rights Movements of the 1960s and the Women’s Movement of the 1970s.
    • While people with disabilities and advocates work to end discrimination and segregation in education, employment, and our communities-at-large.
    • We must all work to eliminate the attitudinal barriers that percent people with disabilities from joining the main-stream of American society and taking their rightful places as citizens of their communities instead of clients of the systems.
    • Language is at the root of these attitudinal barriers!
  • “ Disabilities is a natural part of the human condition” U.S. Developmental Disabilities Act & The Bill of Rights, 1993
  • Disability is not the “problem.”
    • We need to rid our vocabulary of the word “problem” when talking about people’s needs!
    • A person with glasses doesn’t say, “I have a problem seeing.” She says. “I wear (or need) glasses.”
    • Recognize that what we call a “problem” is actually a need.
  • The real problems are attitudinal & environmental barriers.
    • If educators-and society-at-large-perceived children with disabilities as boys and girls who have to potential to learn
    • Who have the need for the same education as their brothers and sisters.
    • Who have a future in the adult world of work
    • We wouldn’t have to fight for inclusive education.
  • The real problems are attitudinal & environmental barriers…Part 2
    • If employers-and society-at-large
      • Believed adults with disabilities have valuable job skills
      • Contribute to the success of business
      • We wouldn’t have to fight for real pay in the
      • real community .
  • The real problems are attitudinal & environmental barriers…Part 3
    • If business owners-and society-at-large
      • Viewed people with disabilities as consumers with money to spend
      • We wouldn’t have to fight for accessible
      • entrances and other accommodations.
  • In our society, “handicapped” and “disabled” are all-encompassing terms that are misused.
  • All-encompassing terms that are misused...Part 2
    • People with hearing or vision impairments don’t need “handicapped” parking or restrooms.
    • Many people with physical disabilities do need accessible parking and restrooms.
  • All-encompassing terms that are misused...Part 3
    • Accommodations that enable people with disabilities to access a facility-regardless of their disabilities-are accessible!
  • All-encompassing terms that are misused...Part 4
    • “ Disabled” is not accurate, either.
    • Our society “corrupts” language.
    • When a traffic reporters describes a traffic jam, we often here, “There’s a disabled vehicle on the highway.”
    • Disabled,” in that context, means “broken down.”
    • People with disabilities are not broken!
  • All-encompassing terms that are misused...Part 5
    • If a new toaster doesn’t work, we say. “It defective!” and we return it and get a new one!
    • Do we return babies who have birth “defect?”
    • The respectful term is “congenital disability.”
  • It’s time we understand the power of language
    • When we misuse words, we reinforce the barriers created by negative and stereotypical attitudes.
    • When we refer to people with disabilities by medical diagnosis, we devalue and disrespect them as members of the human race.
    • Disability labels are simply sociopolitical terms that provide a passport to services.
    • For long, labels have been used to define the value and potential of people who are labeled.
  • It’s time we understand the power of language…Part 2
    • People will live up (or down) to our societies expectations.
    • If we expect people with disabilities to succeed, we cannot let labels stand in their way.
    • We must not let labels destroy the hopes and dreams of people with disabilities and their familities.
  • Disability can be defined as a body function that operates differently.
    • Contract that meaning with the origin of “handicap,: from the dictionary, which refers to “hand in cap,” a game where the losing player was considered to be at a disadvantage;
    • And a legendary origin of the word which refers to a person with a disability having to bed on the street with “cap in hand.”
  • “ Handicapped,” “Disabled,” or People with Disabilities: which description is most accurate?
  • “ Handicapped,” & “Disabled”
    • Evoke negative feelings (sadness, pity, fear, and more) & creates a stereotypical perception that people with disabilities are all alike.
    • All people who have brown hair are not alike.
    • All people with disabilities are not alike.
    • If fact, people with disabilities are more like people without disabilities than different!
  • The Disability Community
    • Is the largest minority group in our nation, and it’s inclusive!
    • It includes people of both genders and of all ages, as well as individuals from all religious, ethnic backgrounds, and socioeconomic levels
  • The only Things people with disabilities have in common
    • Having a body part that is different and
    • Facing prejudice and discrimination.
    • Unique to the disability community is that it’s the only minority group that any American can join in a split second of an accident.
  • If an when it happens to you, will you have more in common with others with disabilities or with your family, friends, and co-workers?
  • Many people who do not have a disability will have one in the future Others will have a family member or friend who acquires a disability. If you acquire a disability in your lifetime: *H ow will you want to be described? *How will you want to be treated? Disability issues are issues that affect all Americans!
    • If people with disabilities are to be included in all aspects of our communities-in ordinary, wonderful, and typical activities most take for granted
    • We must use the ordinary, wonderful, typical language used about people who don’t have disabilities.
    • Children with disabilities are children first.
      • The only labels they need are their names!
    • Adults with disabilities are adults, first.
      • The only labels they need are their names!