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Fy10 Fy10 Document Transcript

  • annUal rePort fy10 IdentIfy/enable/Protect
  • HEADERU.S. Soldiers with Alpha Company, 1st Battalion, 17th Infantry Regiment collect biometrics andconduct searches during Operation Moshtarak in Badula Qulp, Helmand province, Afghanistan,Feb. 21, 2010. (U.S. Air Force photo by TSgt Efren Lopez)Distribution Authorized only to U.S. government agencies and their contractors to protect information and technical data that advance current technology or describe new technology in an area ofsignificant or potentially significant military application or that relate to a specific military deficiency of a potential adversary. Information of this type may be classified or unclassified; when unclassified, itis export-controlled and subject to the provisions of DoD Directive 5230.25 (reference (c)). (1 Oct. 2010). Other requests for this document shall be referred to DAMO-SPT-BIO.
  • annUal rePort fy10TABLE OF COnTEnTS 1 Director’s Message 13 Testing and Evaluation Dr. Myra S. Gray 14 Strategic Planning 14 Biometrics Doctrine 2 Identify/Enable/Protect 14 Biometrics Standardization and Toolsets 14 Requirements Management 2 About the BIMA 15 Biometrics Triad 2 BIMA Mission 15 Biometrics Training Initiatives 3 Organization Structure 16 BIMA Central 4 Strategic Focus 16 Protect Information/Identities/People 6 Governing the Enterprise 16 Identification-based Decision Process to 7 Biometrics Collaboration Forum Enable Confident Transactions (IDProTECT) 16 Privacy8 Major Accomplishments During FY10 8 Identify the Individual 19 Way Ahead 8 DoD Automated Biometric Identification 19 To-Be Biometrics Enterprise System (ABIS) Architecture (EA) 8 Enable the Mission 19 Interagency Collaboration 9 Significant Operational 19 DoD Identity and Privilege Accomplishments Management (IPM) 9 9/11 Related Identifications 19 Improving Systems Efficiency 9 Support to Guantanamo Bay 20 Enhance DoD Business Functions (GTMO) Cuba 20 Continuous Requirements Management 11 Continuing Support to Operation Iraqi Freedom (OIF) and Operation Enduring 20 Continuous Strategic Planning Freedom (OEF) 11 Port of Entry (POE) Enrollers 22 Conclusion 11 north Atlantic Treaty Organization (nATO) Collaboration 2 5 Acronym List 12 As-Is Biometrics Enterprise Architecture (EA) 2 6 Strategic Objectives Index 12 Excellence Through Technology www.biometrics.dod.mil
  • U.S. Soldiers biometrically enroll Afghan men at the Torkham Gate border crossing site.(BIMA photo by LTC William Buhrow, U.S. Army) www.biometrics.dod.mil
  • annUal rePort fy10 DIRECTOR’S MESSAGE Fiscal Year 2010 was a watershed year for The BIMA facilitated and participated in the the Biometrics Identity Management Agency establishment of additional interagency and (BIMA). As we continued to grow and mature as international agreements and Memoranda an organization, we also took a significant step of Understanding, and supported expanded toward becoming a permanent Department of collaboration efforts. In doing so, the BIMA made Defense (DoD) component. On October 26, 2009, significant 9/11-related biometrics matches. The the Vice Chief of Staff of the Army directed the interoperability process with the Department redesignation of the Biometrics Task Force (BTF) of Homeland Security also gained momentum as the BIMA and recommended the establishment this past year. The BIMA played a key role of the BIMA as a Field Operating Agency. in introducing and incorporating biometrics capabilities into the north Atlantic Treaty This critical move ensures that the BIMA will Organization. By collaborating with partners become a permanent organization rather than such as the United Kingdom’s new Scotland remain a temporary task force and provides the Yard, there have been successful matches to DoD structure and support necessary for biometrics biometrics records of former Guantanamo Bay, to endure as an enabling capability for the DoD. Cuba, detainees. On March 23, 2010, the Secretary of the Army officially redesignated the BTF as the BIMA. Emphasis on friendly-force biometrics continues to grow. We are making significant progress The process to finalize the BIMA status as toward integrating biometrics into DoD business a permanent Field Operating Agency is still functions to increase efficiency, effectiveness and underway. This transformation reflects both the accuracy by validating access permissions. successes biometrics have had in supporting the warfighter and protecting our country and allies Lastly, on July 13, 2010, we celebrated 10 from terrorism and the vision of what biometrics years of DoD biometrics. In this short time, can bring to the DoD in the future. DoD biometrics has evolved from a focus on information assurance to serving as a This past year also saw the BIMA move ahead in cornerstone enabler of identity management. several key areas. The DoD Automated Biometric Biometrics capabilities deny anonymity to our Identification System continued to receive, adversaries and verify individuals’ identities for retrieve, match and store thousands of records purposes such as controlled access to DoD sent from around the globe. facilities. We appreciate your interest in and support of DoD biometrics as we look forward to We sponsored the first DoD Biometrics the next 10 years. Collaboration Forum, held in January 2010. The forum was designed to bring together the Sincerely, biometrics community for a “roll up your sleeves” Dr. Myra S. Gray approach to urgent issues concerning the use of biometrics within the DoD and other federal agencies. nearly 300 attendees discussed topics focused on enemy and friendly identification operations and architecture.BIOMETRICS IDEnTITY MAnAGEMEnT AGEnCY 1
  • IDEnTIFY/EnABLE/PROTECT “Identify, Enable, Protect” articulates the BIMA core capability (identify), its utilization in security and business operations (enable) and its national security purpose (protect). Biometrics is a key capability that can identify the enemy, denying him the anonymity he needs to hide and strike at will. The ability to identify and verify individuals is also critical to ensure secure and expeditious business functions. As these biometrics capabilities are applied through various tactics, techniques and processes, they enable a wide range of possible missions, from military operations to business functions, that protect national interests. In business, biometrics capabilities can protect as well as expedite business processes. ABOUT THE BIMA BIMA MISSION The BIMA mission is to lead DoD activities to program, integrate and synchronize biometrics technologies and capabilities and to operate and maintain the DoD authoritative biometrics database in support of the national Security Strategy.2 www.biometrics.dod.mil
  • annUal rePort fy10 ORGANIZATION STRUCTUREBIOMETRICS IDEnTITY MAnAGEMEnT AGEnCY 3
  • A U.S. Army Soldier uses the Handheld Interagency Identity Detection Equipment (HIIDE) system tocreate a biometrics profile of a local villager. The data will be used to ensure security by preventingknown threats from disrupting the village medical operation. (Source: Public Intelligence) STRATEGIC FOCUS Enterprise Strategic Plan (BESP) sets the The DoD Biometrics Enterprise is an entity strategic direction for the Enterprise and has comprised of the Department’s joint, Service established four goals, derived from DoD goals: and agency organizations working together to integrate biometrics into the identity transactions • Military Operations — Meet warfighting needed to support military operations and biometrics needs of Combatant Commands departmental business functions. The DoD (COCOMs), Services and Combat Support Biometrics Enterprise mission is to provide Agencies with sufficient timeliness and certitude. enduring biometrics capabilities to the DoD and • Business Functions — Integrate biometrics its mission partners and enable identification into DoD business functions as required to of individuals in support of national security increase efficiency, effectiveness and accuracy. interests. It envisions a flexible, global biometrics • Institutionalization — Ensure biometrics are enterprise that protects rights and enables incorporated into standard DoD processes services for friends and partners and denies in order to enhance military operations and anonymity to adversaries. The Biometrics business functions.4 www.biometrics.dod.mil
  • annUal rePort fy10 • Unity of Effort — Coordinate efforts to achieve These strategic goals have 21 supporting unity of purpose for the effective governance objectives. The BESP Goals and Objectives and employment of biometrics-enabled articulate the DoD Biometrics Enterprise — and capabilities and proactive engagement with therefore BIMA — priorities. BIMA fiscal year joint, interagency and multinational partners 2010 (FY10) accomplishments describe progress and civilian populations. towards the BESP . Approved as of August 27, 2008; updates in progress.BIOMETRICS IDEnTITY MAnAGEMEnT AGEnCY 5
  • GOvERNING ThE ENTERPRISE priorities, funding strategy in support of Due to the increased biometrics activity across capabilities across the Biometrics Enterprise and the DoD, the Department established a joint the biometrics vision and strategy to the EXCOM. biometrics governance structure to coordinate biometrics strategies, policy, concepts, The Joint Biometrics Operational Coordination standards and requirements across the Board (JBOCB) and Joint Biometrics Technical Biometrics Enterprise. Coordination Board (JBTCB) operate in tandem to bridge the gap between operational and The Biometrics Executive Committee (EXCOM) technical issues, requirements and initiatives. serves as the focal point and voice to ensure The JBOCB oversees working groups and coordination of biometrics requirements, the JBTCB oversees Change Control Boards acquisition programs and resources in support of (CCBs). The CCBs and working groups focus, the most operationally relevant and sustainable research and frame specific topics in support of biometrics capabilities across the DoD. the biometrics governing bodies; identify and/or address potential change recommendations; and The Joint Biometrics Senior Executive Steering elevate findings and recommendations through Committee executes task assignments from the the joint biometrics governance process. EXCOM and submits biometrics requirements6 www.biometrics.dod.mil
  • annUal rePort fy10 BIOMETRICS COLLABORATION FORUM sessions made apparent to key audiences that A core function of the BIMA DoD is to engage biometrics is a mission enabler in a variety stakeholders to better anticipate and assist in of DoD applications. Participants developed meeting warfighter biometrics requirements. In initiatives that they will work toward and report on January 2010, the BIMA hosted the first-annual throughout the year. The agenda was structured DoD Biometrics Collaboration Forum. Designed to facilitate planned and impromptu collaboration to encourage the participants to collectively between the attendees and covered a variety address urgent issues concerning the DoD use of important topics. The 2011 DoD Biometrics of biometrics, 300 attendees from the DoD and Collaboration Forum agenda will feature several other agencies discussed topics focused on of the same ongoing issues, as well as new areas enemy and friendly identification operations of focus. and architecture. Friendly-force biometricsBIOMETRICS IDEnTITY MAnAGEMEnT AGEnCY 7
  • MAJOR ACCOMPLISHMEnTS DURInG FY10 IDENTIFY ThE INDIvIDUAL than 1,600 individual submitters and reflects By successfully collecting, storing, matching and a daily increase from approximately 3,000 to sharing biometrics data, an individual’s identity approximately 6,000 submissions received as can be verified against who he claims to be. of September 2010, with a projected increase of The use of biometrics strips away anonymity more than 35,000 submissions per day. and enables operators to take action and mitigate tactical, operational or strategic threats. The Watch Desk team provides around-the-clock, Biometrics capabilities also quickly and precisely year-round services for BIMA customers and in verify individuals in support of secure and FY10 received more than 25,000 phone calls (a facilitated business functions. 71 percent increase from FY09), more than 2,500 data requests for information (a 321 percent DoD Automated Biometric Identification increase from FY09), more than 105,000 manual System (ABIS) cross-domain transfers (a 53 percent increase The BIMA operates and maintains the DoD ABIS, from FY09), more than 240 special projects (a 129 which provides identity management capabilities percent increase from FY09) and more than 8,400 for the DoD as well as a means to share reports (a 119 percent increase from FY09). biometrics data with other U.S. government and international partners. In FY10, the BIMA The Examination Services team received provided system engineering, interface control, approximately 55,000 latent-print submissions watch desk and examination services for latent- (reflecting a 62 percent increase from FY09) and fingerprint submissions, yellow-resolve cases more than 63,000 ten-print and facial yellow- and multimodal biometrics validation that are vital resolve cases. These biometrics submissions to the identification process. A yellow-resolve required more than 1.1 million candidate case is a ten-print or facial-image transaction examinations by a team of 25 examiners and that cannot be handled in an automated fashion resulted in more than 3,000 latent-print matches, within the DoD ABIS but must instead be 2,500 latent-to-latent matches and 31,000 ten- forwarded to the Examination Services Team for print and facial-image matches. human examination and match determination. The DoD ABIS received nearly 1.3 million In FY10, DoD ABIS operations enabled latent submissions in FY10 representing a 25 percent identifications to approximately 700 improvised increase from FY09. explosive device (IED) events and more than 1,300 IED-related watchlist hits. The increase The System Engineering team ensured that in DoD ABIS customers led to approximately the DoD ABIS was available 99.5 percent of 700 high-value individual captures and 118 the time for BIMA customers by monitoring denials of U.S. immigration benefits through the and maintaining more than 200 computers Department of Homeland Security (DHS) to date. utilizing six operating systems. Additionally, the team monitored and maintained more than ENABLE ThE MISSION 40 databases, 30 functional computing nodes The DoD employs biometrics to enable a range targeting specific biometrics modalities and more of operational and institutional missions across than 300 terabytes of storage. the spectrum of security, such as high-value individual identification and tracking, personnel The Interface Control team establishes and recovery, disaster relief, humanitarian assistance, maintains interfaces between the DoD ABIS security operations, in-theater interagency repository and BIMA customers. Interfaces operations, U.S. border protection and physical increased by 176 percent, from 42 in FY09 to and logical access control. 116 in FY10. This increase accounts for more8 www.biometrics.dod.mil
  • annUal rePort fy10116th Brigade Combat Team, 29th Infantry Division (Light) Soldiers biometrically enroll an IraqiOfficer at an Entry Control Point in the International Zone, Iraq. (BIMA photo by Mr. Bill Phillips) Significant Operational Accomplishments Support to Guantanamo Bay (GTMO) Cuba 9/11-Related Identifications Sharing biometrics data with international and The BIMA fosters data sharing and interagency coalition partners enables the targeting, relationships that lead to important identifications. tracking and prosecution of known or In total, three significant 9/11-related identifications suspected adversaries. have been made, two of which occurred in FY10. In one such case, a latent fingerprint from The BIMA collaborated with international and evidence collected at a location believed to be a coalition partners, such as the United Kingdom’s planning site for the 9/11 attacks was matched to new Scotland Yard, and successfully matched a GTMO detainee. biometrics received to DoD biometrics records In another case, the BIMA positively identified for former GTMO detainees. The BIMA continues a latent fingerprint developed on items seized to build these relationships to enhance the ability from locations associated with the 9/11 suspects. to protect the U.S. and its partner nations. The subject identified is currently on the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) Most Wanted list. Continued efforts centered on the GTMO This identification is the first hard evidence to mission have reconciled detainee records and support the suspicion that he was involved with supported several special projects that have a the 9/11 attacks. direct impact on the warfighter. In June 2010, aBIOMETRICS IDEnTITY MAnAGEMEnT AGEnCY 9
  • Marine SGT nick Bender conducts an iris scan of an Afghan village elder’s eye during a cordon andsearch mission Feb. 9, in Farah province, Islamic Republic of Afghanistan. The Marines use the BATto identify Afghans by using fingerprints and iris scans. Bender is the Company-Level Intelligence Cellchief with Company I, 3rd Battalion, 8th Marine Regiment (Reinforced), the ground combat element ofSpecial Purpose Marine Air Ground Task Force - Afghanistan. The SPMAGTF-A mission is to conductcounterinsurgency operations with a focus on training and mentoring the Afghan national police.(Source: Public Intelligence)10 www.biometrics.dod.mil
  • annUal rePort fy10 mobile support team from the BIMA deployed national Ground Intelligence Center; Project a new biometrics collection system to the Joint Manager (PM) Biometrics; the U.S. Army Task Force (JTF) in GTMO to support detainee Training and Doctrine Command Capabilities biometrics collections. The Biometric Enhanced Manager at Fort Huachuca; and CEnTCOM. Enrollment System Transportable equipment was In this forum, stakeholders speak directly with created and deployed in response to requests to the Commander of Task Force Biometrics and provide an all-inclusive, stand-alone biometrics receive and exchange pertinent information in a collection system. timely manner to directly support the warfighter and address issues and problems. In a recent Continuing Support to Operation Iraqi collaborative effort, Task Force Biometrics, JTF Freedom (OIF) and Operation Enduring 435 and elements of law enforcement provided Freedom (OEF) the framework for an Afghan Ministry of the Interior The BIMA supported the U.S. Forces Iraq efforts visit to the U.S. Additionally, senior members of to enable the Iraqi government with biometrics the Afghan Criminal Investigation Department by providing equipment for Iraqis to use under visited FBI headquarters and the Pentagon, as well U.S. supervision. The BIMA also provided as the FBI Criminal Justice Information Services biometrics data, as requested, to enable the and DoD ABIS facilities, and demonstrated how Iraqi Government to continue to develop its DoD and law enforcement agencies work together own biometrics capability and thus enable the to achieve mission success. responsible withdrawal of OIF forces from Iraq. Port of Entry (POE) Enrollers The BIMA continued to support the COCOMs — The BIMA provided contract personnel to including planning and executing U.S. Central execute biometrics enrollment missions at Command (CEnTCOM) regional security critical POE sites into Iraq and Afghanistan. architecture — and led international engagement These POE sites are the first line of defense with foreign militaries. The BIMA routinely against infiltration of those countries by coordinated with the intelligence community and terrorists. With U.S. conventional combat provided back-end identification analysis when operations coming to an end in Iraq, the POE needed and established a Liaison Officer position sites provide the most robust biometrics within the Biometrics Cell in the Joint Staff collection opportunities. Enrollers in Afghanistan Force Structure, Resources and Assessment supported a number of missions in addition Directorate (J-8) Protection Assessment Division to the POE missions, including biometrically (PAD) at the Pentagon. This allows the BIMA enrolling Afghan Security Force personnel, to review biometrics efforts submitted to the J-8 armed contractor employees and prison inmates. PAD prior to official validation. These missions play a key role in the overall Biometrics Campaign Plan for the International The BIMA supported a variety of biometrics Security Assistance Force (ISAF) Commander. initiatives for JTF 435, U.S. Forces Afghanistan and CEnTCOM. Additionally, the BIMA sponsors North Atlantic Treaty Organization a bi-weekly secure video teleconference (NATO) Collaboration at the Pentagon that connects Task Force Throughout FY10, the BIMA supported efforts in Biometrics to all agencies that have biometrics Afghanistan to ensure biometrics requirements interests including: the Headquarters Army; were met according to schedule. The BIMA was the U.S. Department of the Interior; the U.S. instrumental in introducing and incorporating Army Intelligence and Security Command; the biometrics capabilities into nATO futureBIOMETRICS IDEnTITY MAnAGEMEnT AGEnCY 11
  • operations, which resulted in biometrics ranking consistency through data accessibility. Through ninth on the nATO 50-item priority list. In an clearly-defined data entities and standards, interoperability effort, the BIMA also supported it also facilitates interoperability across the nATO and ISAF leadership to establish Enterprise and provides a structured approach international biometrics information sharing for assessing and enforcing compliance to those agreements by identifying and researching U.S. technical standards and data models. To that and Coalition partner privacy laws and national end, the EA provides an analytical framework caveats. The BIMA directly addressed warfighter and insight to enable informed decision making needs by supporting the development of a across the Enterprise. number of data-sharing agreements such as these, and by developing a new plan to best Excellence Through Technology engage the COCOMs. The BIMA recognized that commercial-off-the- shelf (COTS) components provide a means As-Is Biometrics Enterprise Architecture (EA) to rapidly introduce new technologies. Using Over the past year, the BIMA developed and COTS components in deployed biometrically delivered a complete As-Is EA for the DoD enabled systems is becoming commonplace biometrics community, and a plan to use the EA due to shrinking budgets and rapid evolution as an analytical framework for decision support. of biometrics technology. As a result, the BIMA created and published the first BIMA-Certified The EA establishes a foundation on which Products List in FY10. For the sixth straight year, to develop, maintain and mature biometrics- it exceeded its goal for the number of systems related operations for the DoD Biometrics and COTS biometrics technologies evaluated Enterprise. It helps create a family of systems for functionality, standards conformance and by institutionalizing and establishing a federated integration with the DoD ABIS. DoD biometrics architecture that promotes12 www.biometrics.dod.mil
  • annUal rePort fy10 The BIMA employs a three-phased approach to accessing COTS and government-off-the- shelf components for consideration into the BIMA-Certified Products List. These phases include selection, technology assessment in a lab environment and technology assessment in an operational environment. As a result of this testing, the BIMA recommended that the DoD transition to an electronic capture and submission of fingerprints in the background investigation process, which the DoD aims to complete by December 31, 2013. The BIMA laid the groundwork for the inclusion of ten- print fingerprint live-scan scanners on the Army Computer Hardware, Enterprise Software and Solutions Program, the Army Desktop and the Mobile Computing-2 vehicle. Once fully implemented, DoD stakeholders will be informed by a centralized database of validated, appropriately priced biometrics capabilities for U.S. government applications. These capabilities are certified to be interoperable with the FBI Integrated Automated Fingerprint Identification System and the DoD ABIS. This procurement mechanism will promulgate the use of automated electronic fingerprint devices and will speed fingerprint capture, submission and processing times while providing higher-quality images. Army Space Program Office, naval Innovation The BIMA also participated in developing the Laboratory, Army G-2 and others. BIMA requirements for the Biometric Automated involvement contributed to the deployment Toolset (BAT) technical refresh conducted by of more than 2,500 new biometrics pieces of PM Biometrics. Coordination with the Defense equipment to support OEF and OIF, met user Intelligence Agency resulted in a revision to needs and shared data with the DoD ABIS and the classification codes used in the BAT, which other databases. benefits the biometrics collectors by limiting the amount of information that must be classified and In FY10, the BIMA established an evaluation protected as such. strategy, methodology and criteria to review biometrics technologies selected for Broad Testing and Evaluation Agency Announcement (BAA) and Biometric BIMA engineers planned, completed, analyzed Technology Demonstration (BTD) funding. BTDs and reported on 35 separate events in support are funded by the BIMA and are intended to of the U.S. CEnTCOM, Program Manager address an identified gap by demonstratingBIOMETRICS IDEnTITY MAnAGEMEnT AGEnCY 13
  • a biometrics capability in an operational Command, the BIMA reviewed publications and environment. While similar, the BAA is intended made recommendations to integrate biometrics for academia, industry and government (i.e. into doctrine across the spectrum of operations. non-DoD) labs to offer biometrics technology This allowed lessons learned and best practices and solutions. The evaluation strategy monitors for biometrics to be included in the revision progress of each BAA and BTD through close process for several Joint Publications (JP), most coordination with the DoD sponsor to determine notably Counter-Improvised Explosive Device its readiness for deployment. The BIMA worked Operations (JP 3-15.1), Detainee Operations (JP to synchronize the Biometric Science and 3-63) and Stability Operations (JP 3-07). Technology efforts across the DoD, as depicted in the charts on page 13. Biometrics Standardization and Toolsets The BIMA was recognized by the DoD Security, The BIMA also developed the organization’s first Information Assurance, and Cryptography Group institutionalized conformity assessment program for its expertise in Biometrics Standardization. by creating the Biometrics Standards Conformity The BIMA chaired the Biometrics Focus Group Assessment Program (BSCAP). The BSCAP on behalf of the DoD and provided a forum is composed of BIMA Test and Evaluation to make recommendations on the formal facilities, workforce, policies and procedures adoption of biometrics standards to the DoD Information Technology Standards Registry, the required to achieve and sustain compliance and authoritative central repository. The BIMA made conformance to standards mandated in the DoD significant enhancements in FY10 to the face Information Technology Standards Registry. It and fingerprint image quality measurement tools, will serve to identify and improve interoperability, which are driven by DoD operational needs and scalability, effectiveness and efficiency of DoD requirements. The enhancements are used to biometrics data repositories and facilitate the predict matching accuracy and increase the net-centric capabilities of the warfighter and DoD quality of biometrics samples. biometrics operations. Requirements Management Strategic Planning BIMA efforts increased COCOM participation The BIMA developed an Enterprise Strategic in the FY10 quarterly Program Management Planning Process to enable stakeholders to Reviews (PMRs), which in turn led to biometrics collaborate on establishing and executing data sharing with countries throughout these Enterprise-wide goals. As part of this process, commands’ areas of responsibility. Additionally, the Strategic Planning Working Group the BIMA participated in two DoD-led Analysis reconvened this year and reviewed, validated of Alternatives Studies for the Biometrics and updated the BESP given the changes in Enabling Capability and Tactical Collection the strategic environment and national and DoD Devices, which provided strategic direction for priorities. The EXCOM will review and approve the future Programs of Record. Along with the the recommended BESP updates. Personnel Identification Integrated Capabilities Development Team, the BIMA provided oversight Biometrics Doctrine for the current staffing of the Biometrics Enabling In FY10, the BIMA started analyzing joint doctrine Capability and Joint Personnel Identification and identifying areas where biometrics could be Version 2 Capabilities Development Documents incorporated. In coordination with Joint Forces across the DoD Biometrics Enterprise.14 www.biometrics.dod.mil
  • annUal rePort fy10 Biometrics Triad and FBI signed a Memorandum of Understanding The 9/11 Commission, the Markle Foundation to share unclassified biometrics and other IdM and the Government Accountability Office information in support of the national Security emphasized the need to identify and resolve mission. This interoperability completed one leg barriers to information sharing. Improved of the Biometrics Triad, and with the DHS ability to access to information and its efficient use is share biometrics data with the FBI, the second leg the cornerstone of the nation’s ability to protect of the Triad is complete. and defend itself. As a result, the BIMA actively leads the DoD effort to solidify the Biometrics Biometrics Training Initiatives Triad. The Triad is the graphical depiction of the In FY10, the BIMA led the Biometrics Training intended end state for all biometrics information Working Group, a collection of agencies working sharing between the three major U.S. government together to improve predeployment training in agencies operating large-scale biometrics biometrics. BIMA’s efforts have ranged from databases — the DoD, DHS and Department expanding available training and refining training of Justice (DOJ). In support of the Office of the guidance from CEnTCOM and U.S. Army Forces Under Secretary of Defense for Policy, the BIMA Command, to creating a training webpage on works to ensure interoperability between the DoD, the BIMA website that communicates available DHS and DOJ. On September 10, 2009, the DoD biometrics training.BIOMETRICS IDEnTITY MAnAGEMEnT AGEnCY 15
  • BIMA Central Security Presidential Directive-12 compliance The organization launched BIMA Central in FY10, across the DoD. IDProTECT will also enable the providing a suite of integrated tools to facilitate U.S. Army Recruiting Command (USAREC) to internal BIMA communication and collaboration, expand an operational live-scan capability that making it easier to share and contribute better determines whether applicants are eligible information through blogs, wikis, forums and for enlistment in the Army or Army Reserve. By document processing. This internal portal allows employing biometrics capabilities, the USAREC agency personnel to create and edit documents expects to save more than 152,000 days per and content, as well as manage workflow in a fiscal year in the pre-screening process for collaborative environment through a single point of recruits. The USAREC will be able to reject all access, thus supporting the Biometrics Enterprise. permanently disqualified applicants and identify applicants requiring waivers prior to expending PROTECT INFORMATION/IDENTITIES/PEOPLE funds for processing. In support of the national Security Strategy, the biometrics capability protects people and Privacy installations worldwide. The BIMA must also To ensure that all federal databases containing ensure that biometrics data and other associated private information are protected from theft, identifiable information are protected while misuse or loss, each federal agency must collecting, storing, matching and sharing. meet specific legal and federal requirements established in the Privacy Act, the e-Government Identification-based Decision Process to Act, Office of Management and Budget Enable Confident Transactions (IDProTECT) Memoranda, and other guiding documents on In FY10, the BIMA transitioned the IDProTECT Fair Information Practice Principles. Biometric Identity Management (BIdM) capability into the laboratory environment. IDProTECT While operating and maintaining IdM systems, the evaluates DoD business function applications, BIMA protects an individual’s personal information such as physical and logical access control and against unwarranted privacy invasions. The legal personnel vetting, to one day provide a friendly rights of individuals, as guaranteed by all federal force biometrics repository. This capability will laws, regulations and policies, are protected support two demonstrations starting in 1QFY11, during collection, storage, use or dissemination the largest of which is for the Under Secretary of biometrics data. BIMA personnel complete of Defense for Personnel and Readiness. In training and meet other DoD privacy-related laws, this capacity, IDProTECT will demonstrate a regulations and other guidance. baseline capability that enables Homeland16 www.biometrics.dod.mil
  • annUal rePort fy10U.S. Army SPC Michael Gerhart, center, uses a HIIDE system to record the biometrics data of an Afghanman during a patrol in the Zabul province of Afghanistan June 29, 2010. Gerhart is from 2nd Platoon, DeltaCompany, 1st Battalion, 4th Infantry Regiment. (DoD photo by SSG William Tremblay, U.S. Army)BIOMETRICS IDEnTITY MAnAGEMEnT AGEnCY 17
  • Global Entry kiosks located in airports throughout the nation capture travelers’ biometrics informationto verify their identities. Photo courtesy of U.S. Customs and Border Protection.18 www.biometrics.dod.mil
  • annUal rePort fy10 WAY AHEAD The BIMA leads the way into future challenges to use, in a more coordinated and efficient as biometrics capabilities continue to make a manner, all biometrics information associated positive impact on the war efforts in Afghanistan. with persons who may pose a threat to national Many BIMA DoD stakeholders will focus on Security, consistent with applicable law, including more types of biometrics applications in support those laws relating to privacy and confidentiality of national security, such as disaster relief, of personal data.” To this end, the BIMA will border security and other peacetime operations. continue to initiate and support biometrics Biometrics technologies are key enablers in sharing agreements with DoD components and efforts to protect the nation, its citizens and support DoD efforts to form agreements with the its interests across the spectrum of security. Department’s interagency partners. Biometrics identity capabilities can also help enable and transform business applications to DoD Identity and Privilege Management (IPM) protect information and facilitate the conduct Identity and Privilege Management (IPM) of business processes. There is no doubt that minimizes cybersecurity intrusions by FY11 will be another year of great strides. maintaining continuity of operations, maximizing force protection and facilitating continuity of To-Be Biometrics Enterprise Architecture (EA) government. The BIMA represented BIdM Using the delivered As-Is Biometrics EA as a stakeholders in publishing the 1QFY11 DoD baseline, the BIMA is developing an interim To-Be Biometrics Enterprise IPM Recommendations. DoD Biometrics EA covering 2015 and beyond A document on how the DoD will implement that is scheduled to be released in December those recommendations and guidance will be 2010. The 2015 Biometrics EA will provide developed in FY11. enduring biometrics capabilities for the DoD and its mission partners to enable IdM. The core This initiative ensures an integrated and capabilities will remain the same — collecting, interoperable implementation of biometrics storing, matching, managing, analyzing, in support of IPM, as the pace of biometrics referencing and sharing biometrics — and will adoption is increasing rapidly across the support of a variety of mission sets including government, DoD and commercial arena. access control, intelligence, warfighting, law enforcement, emergency response and Improving Systems Efficiency disaster relief. The BIMA will further improve biometrics systems efficiencies in FY11 and beyond by increasing Interagency Collaboration Random-Access Memory space and throughput Interaction with interagency partners is and by more effectively managing transactions. paramount to maintaining and expanding the The BIMA will also improve the algorithms for BIMA ability to determine the intent of unknown current capabilities such as facial features, persons, secure borders and cooperate with finger and palm prints, and iris patterns. Other foreign partners to deny the enemy freedom of modalities are also being explored, such as voice maneuver and safe haven. national Security and the DnA link to current biometrics. Presidential Directive 59 requires “agenciesBIOMETRICS IDEnTITY MAnAGEMEnT AGEnCY 19
  • Enhance DoD Business Functions track and address common biometrics initiatives Biometrics can establish greater levels of and as part of the Biometrics Governance Forum, trust for routine DoD business functions, the will seek to resolve challenges at the lowest processes and systems by which to develop level and provide senior leadership with timely and sustain operational forces, as defined by information. Additionally, the BIMA will provide U.S. Code, Title 10. Biometrics can be applied the Biometrics Governance Forums with results to Human Resource Management, Health of its quarterly PMR cycle. Services, Installation Management, Legal Affairs and Resource Management. The BIMA will Continuous Strategic Planning publish a draft Biometrics Business Functions The BIMA will continue efforts to implement Framework (BBFF) in FY11, which will help an Enterprise-wide, continuous strategic- decision makers incorporate biometrics into DoD planning cycle to guide the evolution of the DoD business functions by providing guidance on Biometrics Enterprise. In FY11, the BIMA will policy implications, best practices and planning. conduct quarterly In-Progress Reviews (IPRs) It will be designed as a living document that for the BESP and I-Plan through the governance will enable the Enterprise to leverage lessons bodies to include enterprise stakeholders who learned from BIMA-documented experiences own BESP objectives. The IPRs will serve as in which biometrics are employed in support of a platform for recommending changes and DoD business functions. updates to the BESP and I-Plan, while reporting the status of performance metrics and progress Continuous Requirements Management against the action plans. In FY11, the BIMA will continue to institutionalize biometrics within the DoD. The BIMA will utilize the Biometrics Requirements Working Group to20 www.biometrics.dod.mil
  • annUal rePort fy10Finger vein technology as used for secure access to an ATM. (Source: flickr/Matsuyuki)BIOMETRICS IDEnTITY MAnAGEMEnT AGEnCY 21
  • COnCLUSIOn “Our organization is focused on providing the enabling capabilities of biometrics to the DoD, other government agencies and to our international, state and local partners.” — Dr. Myra S. Gray, Director and Executive Manager, DoD Biometrics Excerpted from interview in “Findbiometrics.com,” February 1, 2010 The nation requires innovative methods to partners, many successful matches have strip away the anonymity of adversaries, verify been made to the DoD biometrics records of identities and detect threats. Security challenges adversaries. There is also an extraordinary reside not only abroad, but also at home and potential for biometrics applications with DoD in the conduct of daily business. Biometrics institutional and business operations. With the capabilities can make business processes more initial draft of the BBFF in FY11, the BIMA will secure while enhancing efficiency and timeliness. assist decision makers regarding the applications Biometrics is a key enabler in combating of biometrics in business functions by providing terrorism and other threat-related activities. As guidance on policy implications, best practices OIF draws to an end, biometrics continues to and planning. make a difference in OEF in achieving warfighting mission success. The BIMA implementation of Enabling critical DoD military operations and the ABIS and its role in biometrically enabled business functions while protecting and intelligence has created a greater awareness of sharing biometrics data is the embodiment of biometrics overall. Identify, Enable, Protect. The BIMA has made significant steps toward realizing full interoperability between the DoD, DOJ and DHS. By collaborating with international22 www.biometrics.dod.mil
  • annUal rePort fy10A U.S. Soldier with Blackwatch Company, 2nd Battalion, 1st Infantry Regiment, collects biometricsdata from a village elder in Hutal, Afghanistan, March 23, 2010.(U.S. Air Force photo by SSG Dayton Mitchell)BIOMETRICS IDEnTITY MAnAGEMEnT AGEnCY 23
  • Face recognition system locating multiple faces in a crowd. (Source: Mediamatic/KentKB)24 www.biometrics.dod.mil
  • annUal rePort fy10 ACROnYM LIST ABIS: Automated Biometric FY: fiscal year Identification System GTMO: Guantanamo Bay BAA: Broad Agency Announcement hIIDE: Handheld Interagency Identity BAT: Biometric Automated Toolset Detection Equipment BBFF: Biometric Business Function IED: improvised explosive device Framework IDProTECT: Identification-based Decision BESP: Biometrics Enterprise Strategic Plan Process To Enable Confident Transactions BIdM: Biometric Identity Management IPM: Identity and Privilege Management BIMA: Biometrics Identity Management Agency IPR: In-Progress Review BSCAP: Biometrics Standards Conformity ISAF: International Security and Assessment Program Assistance Force BTD: Biometric Technology J-8: Joint Staff Force Structure, Demonstrations Resources and Assessment Directorate BTF: Biometrics Task Force JBOCB: Joint Biometrics Operational CENTCOM: U.S. Central Command Coordination Board CCB: Change Control Board JBTCB: Joint Biometrics Technical COTS: commercial off-the-shelf Coordination Board COCOM: Combatant Command JTF: Joint Task Force DhS: Department of Homeland Security NATO: north Atlantic Treaty Organization DoD: Department of Defense OEF: Operation Enduring Freedom DoDD: DoD Directive OIF: Operation Iraqi Freedom DOJ: Department of Justice PAD: Protection Assessment Division DOS: Department of State PM: Project Manager EA: Enterprise Architecture PMR: Program Management Review EXCOM: Executive Committee POE: Port of Entry FBI: Federal Bureau of Investigation USAREC: U.S. Army Recruiting CommandBIOMETRICS IDEnTITY MAnAGEMEnT AGEnCY 25
  • STRATEGIC OBJECTIVES InDEX Approved as of August 27, 2008; updates in progress. 1.1 Employ biometrics collection capabilities with 3.3 Acquire biometrics capabilities in accordance full cooperation, limited cooperation and no with DoD 5000 series. Pages 11, 12, 13. cooperation. Pages 11, 12. 3.4 Develop and facilitate adoption of biometrics 1.2 Operate and maintain DoD authoritative sources standards to enable interoperability. of biometrics information that enable secure Pages 11, 12, 14. and robust interactions between DoD biometrics collection and matching systems and their 3.5 Establish and maintain the DoD Biometrics identity systems. Page 8. Enterprise Architecture. Page 12. 1.3 Share biometrics data among the DoD 3.6 Establish and coordinate a comprehensive components and with interagency and Science and Technology program to guide multinational partners in accordance with law development and transition of technologies and policy. Page 8. that enhance biometrics-enabled capabilities. Pages 12, 13. 1.4 Employ biometrics to enable targeting, tracking and prosecuting of known or potential 3.7 Assess, develop and coordinate DoD policies to adversaries. Pages 9, 11, 12, 15. enhance employment of biometrics. Pages 11, 12, 14, 15, 16. 1.5 Employ biometrics to enable protection of friendly forces, facilities and equipment against 4.1 Building upon DoD Directive 8521.01E, develop adversaries and unknown persons. Pages 9, effective processes to engage leadership 11, 12, 15. and coordinate efforts across the biometrics community. Page 6. 2.1 Clearly identify the areas in business processes where biometrics can provide additional benefit, 4.2 Establish the methods and means to execute and determine and prioritize requirements. the roles and responsibilities described within Pages 12, 13, 16. the DoDD 8521.01E. Page 14. 2.2 Define the strategic, operational and technical 4.3 Ensure a continuous strategic planning process frameworks for biometrics-enabled identity that incorporates evolving technologies and transaction activities. Prioritize modalities and innovatively uses capabilities across a range of business functions. Pages 12, 13, 16. mission areas. Page 14. 2.3 Establish and manage DoD Biometrics 4.4 Engage with interagency and multinational Enterprise performance metrics. Pages 12, 13. partners to biometrically identify individuals of interest. Page 7. 3.1 Develop and implement an approved Enterprise Requirements Strategy that identifies and 4.5 Develop and implement strategic integrates joint, Service, Combatant Commands communications to inform leaders, stakeholders and defense agency biometrics requirements. and the public of DoD biometrics capabilities. Pages 11, 12, 14, 15. Page 7. 3.2 Provide planning, programming, budgeting and 4.6 Develop and implement knowledge execution guidance for insertion of common management for DoD biometrics. Page 16. biometrics capabilities. Pages 11, 12, 14, 15.26 www.biometrics.dod.mil
  • annUal rePort fy10Peripheral optical fingerprint device scanning user’s thumb for network access. (© iStockphoto/n_design)BIOMETRICS IDEnTITY MAnAGEMEnT AGEnCY
  • www.biometrics.dod.mil