Grammar primary rev
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Grammar primary rev

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    Grammar primary rev Grammar primary rev Presentation Transcript

    • THERE IS A…
    • (+) THERE IS A … (THERE ´S A …)
    • (-)
      • THERE IS NOT A
      • (THERE ISN ´T A …)
    • (?)
      • IS THERE A …?
    • (?/-)
      • ISN ´T THERE A …?
    • Short anwers
      • IS THERE A …?
      • YES, THERE IS / NO, THERE ISN´T
      • IS THERE A MUSEUM NEAR HERE?
      • YES, THERE IS
      • IS THERE A ZOO NEAR HERE?
      • NO, THERE ISN´T
    • THERE ARE SOME …
    • (+)
      • THERE ARE SOME …
    • (-)
      • THERE ARE N OT ANY …
      • (THERE AREN´T ANY …)
    • (?)
      • ARE THERE ANY …?
    • (?/-)
      • AREN ´T THERE ANY …
    • Short answers
      • ARE THERE ANY …?
      • YES, THERE ARE/ NO, THERE AREN´T
      • ARE THERE ANY LETTERS FOR ME?
      • YES, THERE ARE
      • ARE THERE ANY BOOKS ON THE SHELF?
      • NO, THERE AREN´T
    • TO BE (am/ is/ are)
    • (+)
      • I AM SPANISH
      • (I ´M SPANISH)
      • SHE IS TALL
      • (SHE ´S TALL)
      • WE ARE PUPILS
      • (WE ´RE PUPILS)
    • (-)
      • I AM NOT SPANISH
      • (I´M NOT SPANISH)
      • SHE IS NOT TALL
      • (SHE ISN´T TALL)
      • WE ARE NOT PUPILS
      • (WE AREN´T PUPILS)
    • (?)
      • AM I SPANISH?
      • IS SHE TALL?
      • ARE WE PUPILS?
    • (?/)
      • AM I NOT SPANISH?
      • ISN ´T SHE TALL?
      • AREN´T WE PUPILS?
    • Short answers
      • Yes, S + am/ is/ are/
      • No, S + am not/ isn ´t/ aren´t
      • S = I/ you/ he/ she/ it/ we/ you/ they …
      • Are you Spanish? Yes, I am/ No, I ´m not
      • Is she tall? Yes, she is/ No, she isn ´t
      • Are they at home? Yes, they are/ No they aren´t
      • Is that cat black? Yes, it is/ No, it isn´t
      • Are those books interesting? Yes, they are/ No, they aren´t
    • HAVE GOT
      • (have got/ has got)
    • (+)
      • THEY HAVE GOT A CAR
      • (THEY ´VE GOT A CAR)
      • SHE HAS GOT A BIKE
      • (SHE´S GOT A BIKE)
      • WE HAVE GOT A NEW HOUSE
      • WE´VE GOT A NEW HOUSE
    • (-)
      • THEY HAVE NOT GOT A CAR
      • (THEY HAVEN ´T GOT A CAR)
      • SHE HAS NOT GOT A BIKE
      • SHE HASN´T GOT A BIKE
      • WE HAVE NOT GOT A NEW HOUSE
      • WE HAVEN´T GOT A NEW HOUSE
    • (?)
      • HAVE THEY GOT A CAR?
      • HAS SHE GOT A BIKE?
      • HAVE WE GOT A NEW HOUSE?
    • (?/-)
      • HAVEN ´T THEY GOT A CAR?
      • HASN´T SHE GOT A BIKE?
      • HAVEN´T WE GOT A NEW HOUSE?
    • Short answers
      • Yes, S + have/ has
      • No, S + haven ´t/ hasn´t
      • S = I/ you/ he/ she/ it/ we/ you/ they …
      • Have you got a cat? Yes, I have/ No, I haven ´t
      • Has she got a bike? Yes, she has/ No she hasn´t
      • Have they got friends? Yes, they have/ No, they haven´t
      • Have your parents got a car? Yes, they have/ No, they haven´t
    • CAN/ COULD
      • I/ YOU/ HE/ SHE/ IT/ WE/ THEY CAN …
      • I/ YOU/ HE/ SHE/ IT/ WE/THEY COULD …
    • (+)
      • I CAN PLAY
      • SHE CAN DANCE
      • THEY CAN RUN
      • I COULD PLAY WHEN I WAS …
      • SHE COULD DANCE …
      • THEY COULD RUN …
    • (-)
      • I CAN NOT PLAY (= I CAN ´T PLAY)
      • I COULD NOT PLAY … (= I COULDN ´T PLAY)
      • SHE CAN NOT DANCE (= SHE CAN ´T DANCE)
      • SHE COULD NOT DANCE (= SHE COULDN ´T DANCE)
      • THEY CAN NOT RUN (=THEY CAN´T RUN)
      • THEY COULD NOT RUN (= THEY COULDN´T RUN)
    • (?)
      • CAN I PLAY?/ COULD I PLAY?
      • CAN SHE DANCE?/ COULD SHE DANCE?
      • CAN THEY RUN? / COULD THEY RUN?
    • (?/-)
      • CAN ´T I PLAY?/ COULDN´T I PLAY?
      • CAN´T SHE DANCE?/ COULDN´T SHE DANCE?
      • CAN´T THEY RUN?/ COULDN´T THEY RUN?
    • Short answers
      • Yes, S + can/ could
      • No, S + can ´t/ couldn´t
      • S = I/ you/ he/ she/ it/ we/ you/ they …
      • Can you dance? Yes, we can/ No, we can ´t
      • Could you swim when you were two? Yes, I could/ No, I couldnt
      • Can you mother drive? Yes, she can/ No, she can´t
      • Could your friends drive a bike when they were 4? Yes, they could/ No, they couldn´t
    • PRESENT SIMPLE
      • I/ YOU/ WE/ THEY PLAY/ EAT/ BURY/ DO/ WATCH …
      • HE/ SHE/ IT PLAY S / EAT S / BURI ES / DO ES / WATCH ES …
      • I/ YOU/ WE/ THEY DO NOT (DON ´T) PLAY/ EAT/ BURY/ DO/ WATCH …
      • HE/ SHE/ IT DOES NOT (DOESN ´T) PLAY/ EAT/ BURY/ DO/ WATCH …
      • DO I/ YOU/ WE/ THEY PLAY/ EAT/ BURY/ DO/ WATCH …?
      • DOES HE/ SHE/ IT PLAY/ EAT/ BURY/ DO/ WATCH …?
    • (+)
      • I READ COMICS AT NIGHT
      • SHE EAT S FRUIT EVERY DAY
      • WE PLAY TENNIS AT SCHOOL
    • (-)
      • I DO NOT (DON ´T) READ COMICS AT NIGHT
      • SHE DOES NOT (DOESN´T) EAT FRUIT EVERY DAY
      • WE DO NOT (DON´T) PLAY TENNIS AT SCHOOL
    • (?)
      • DO I READ COMICS AT NIGHT?
      • DOES SHE EAT FRUIT EVERY DAY?
      • DO WE PLAY TENNIS AT SCHOOL?
    • (?/-)
      • DON ´T I READ COMICS AT NIGHT?
      • DOESN´T SHE EAT FRUIT EVERY DAY?
      • DON´T WE PLAY TENNIS AT SCHOOL?
    • Short answers
      • Yes, S + do/ does
      • No, S + don ´t/ doesn´t
      • S = I/ you/ he/ she/ it/ we/ you/ they …
      • Do you play on Mondays? Yes, I do/ No, I don ´t
      • Does she read books every day? Yes, she does/ No she doesn´t
      • Do your dogs bark at night? Yes, they do/ No, they don ´t
      • Do you go to piano lessons in the morning? Yes, we do/ No we don´t
    • PRESENT CONTINUOUS
      • I AM PLAY ING / WRIT ING / STUDY ING …
      • HE/ SHE/ IT IS PLAY ING / WRIT ING / STUDY ING …
      • WE/ YOU/ THEY ARE PLAY ING / WRIT ING / STUDY ING …
    • (+)
      • I AM PLAYING NOW
      • SHE IS STUDYING AT THE MOMENT
      • WE ARE WRITING A LETTER
    • (-)
      • I ´M NOT PLAYING NOW
      • SHE ISN´T STUDYING AT THE MOMENT
      • WE AREN´T WRITING A LETTER
    • (?)
      • AM I PLAYING NOW?
      • IS SHE STUDYING AT THE MOMENT?
      • ARE WE WRITING A LETTER?
    • (?/-)
      • AM I NOT PLAYING NOW?
      • ISN ´T SHE STUDYING AT THE MOMENT?
      • AREN´T WE WRITING A LETTER?
    • Short answers
      • Yes, S + am/ is/are
      • No, S + am not/ isn ´t/ aren ´t
      • S = I/ you/ he/ she/ it/ we/ you/ they …
      • Are you writing now? Yes, I am/ No, I ´m not
      • Is Tom fishing at the moment? Yes, he is/ No, he isn´t
      • Is your mother cooking? Yes, she is/ No, she isn´t
      • Are the horses running? Yes, they are/ No, they aren´t
    • PAST (REGULAR VERBS)
      • I/ YOU/ HE/ SHE/ IT/ WE/ THEY PLAY ED / WATCH ED / JUMP ED / STUDI ED / … YESTERDAY
      • I/ YOU/ HE/ SHE/ IT/ WE/ THEY DID NOT (DIDN ´T) PLAY/ WATCH/ JUMP/ STUD Y / … YESTERDAY
      • DID I/ YOU/ HE/ SHE/ IT/ WE/ THEY PLAY/ WATCH/ JUMP/ STUD Y / … YESTERDAY?
    • (+)
      • WE VISIT ED OUR FRIENDS LAST WEEK
      • THEY STUDI ED MATHS YESTERDAY
      • HE LISTEN ED TO MUSIC ONE HOUR AGO
    • (-)
      • WE DID NOT (DIDN ´T ) VISIT OUR FRIENDS LAST WEEK
      • THEY DID NOT (DIDN ´T) STUD Y MATHS YESTERDAY
      • HE DID NOT( DIDN ´T) LISTEN TO MUSIC ONE HOUR AGO
    • (?)
      • DID WE VISIT OUR FRIENDS LAST WEEK?
      • DID THEY STUDY MATHS YESTERDAY?
      • DID HE LISTEN TO MUSIC ONE HOUR AGO ?
    • (?/-)
      • DIDN ´T WE VISIT OUR FRIENDS LAST WEEK?
      • DIDN ´T THEY STUDY MATHS YESTERDAY?
      • DIDN ´T HE LISTEN TO MUSIC ONE HOUR AGO ?
    • PAST (IRREGULAR VERBS) (I)
    • To Be (past & past continuous)
      • I/ YOU/ WE/ THEY WERE PLAYING
      • HE/ SHE/ IT WAS PLAYING
    • (+)
      • I WAS (PLAYING) AT HOME YESTERDAY
      • SHE WAS (PLAYING) IN THE PARK LAST NIGHT
      • THE CATS WERE (PLAYING) UNDER A TREE
    • (-)
      • I WAS NOT / WASN ´T (PLAYING) AT HOME YESTERDAY
      • SHE WAS NOT / WASN ´T (PLAYING) IN THE PARK LAST NIGHT
      • THE CATS WERE/ WEREN’T (PLAYING) UNDER A TREE
    • (?)
      • WAS I (PLAYING) AT HOME YESTERDAY?
      • WAS SHE (PLAYING) IN THE PARK LAST NIGHT?
      • WERE THE CATS UNDER A TREE?
    • (?/-)
      • WASN ´T I (PLAYING) AT HOME YESTERDAY?
      • WASN ´T SHE (PLAYING) IN THE PARK LAST NIGHT?
      • WEREN’T THE CATS (PLAYING) UNDER A TREE?
    • Short answers
      • Yes, S + was/ were
      • No, S+ wasn ´t/ weren´t
      • S = I/ you/ he/ she/ it/ we/ you/ they …
      • Were you (playing) at home yesterday? Yes, I was/ No, I wasn ´t
      • Was the teacher (playing) at school last week? Yes, he/she was// No, he/she wasn ´t
      • Were they (playing) in the street last night? Yes, they were/ No, they weren´t
      • PAST (IRREGULAR VERBS) (II)
    • (+)
      • I WENT TO MADRID LAST JULY
      • THEY WROTE A LETTER YESTERDAY
      • WE SAW YOU AT THE CONCERT
    • (-)
      • I DID NOT (DIDN ´T) GO TO MADRID LAST JULY
      • THEY DID NOT (DIDN ´T) WRITE A LETTER YESTERDAY
      • WE DID NOT (DIDN ´T) SEE YOU AT THE CONCERT
    • (?)
      • DID I GO TO MADRID LAST JULY?
      • DID THEY WRITE A LETTER YESTERDAY?
      • DID WE SEE YOU AT THE CONCERT?
    • (?/-)
      • DIDN ´T I GO TO MADRID LAST JULY?
      • DIDN ´T THEY WRITE A LETTER YESTERDAY?
      • DIDN ´T WE SEE YOU AT THE CONCERT?
      • Yes, S + did
      • No, S + didn´t
      • S = I/ you/ he/ she/ it/ we/ you/ they …
      SHORT ANSWERS
      • Did you see the tennis match yesterday? Yes, I did/ No, I didn´t
      • Did she go to a flute concert last night? Yes, she did/ No, she didn´t
      • Did the children do the homework last week? Yes, they did/ No, they didn´t
      • Did the cat drink its milk? Yes, it did/ No, it didn´t
      • FUTURE
      • (I)
      • GOING TO …
      • S + AM/ IS/ ARE + GOING TO ….
      • S + AM NOT/ ISN´T/ AREN´T + GOING TO …
      • AM/ IS/ ARE + S + GOING TO …?
      • S = I/ you/ he/ she/ it/ we/ they
    • (+)
      • We are going to play
      • You are going to sing
      • The girls are going to dance
      • The cats are going to chase the mice
      • The boy is going to run.
    • (-)
      • We aren´t going to play
      • You aren´t going to sing
      • The girls aren´t going to dance
      • The cats aren´t going to chase the mice
      • The boy isn’t going to run
    • (?)
      • Are we going to play?
      • Are you going to sing?
      • Are the girls going to dance?
      • Are the cats going to chase the mice?
      • Is the boy going to run?
    • (?/-)
      • Aren´t we going to play?
      • Aren´t you going to sing?
      • Aren´t the girls going to dance?
      • Aren´t the cats going to chase the mice?
      • Isn’t the boy going to run?
    • Short answers
      • Yes, S + am/ is/ are
      • No, S + am not/ isn ´t/ aren´t
      S = I/ you/ he/ she/ it/ we/ you/ they …
      • Are you going to play? Yes, I am/ No, I ´m not
      • Is he going to study? Yes, he is/ No, he isn´t
      • Are they going to swim tomorrow? Yes, they are/ No, they aren´t
      • Is the car going to stop? Yes, it is/ No, it isn´t
      • FUTURE
      • (II)
      • WILL
      • S + will ( ´ll) + infinitive
      • S + will not (won ´t) + infinitive
      • Will + S + infinitive?
      • Won´t + S + infinitive?
      S = I/ you/ he/ she/ it/ we/ they Infinitive ( verb) = play, do, sing, have …
    • (+)
      • I will go to Madrid next week = I ´ll go to Madrid next week
      • We will have a party tomorrow = We ´ll have a party tomorrow
      • She will sing at the concert tonight = She´ll sing a the concert tonight
    • (-)
      • I will not go to Madrid next week = I won ´t go to Madrid next week
      • We will not have a party tomorrow = We won ´t have a party tomorrow
      • She will not sing at the concert tonight = She won´t sing at the concert tonight
    • (?)
      • Will I go to Madrid next week ?
      • Will we have a party tomorrow?
      • Will she sing at the concert tonight?
    • (?/-)
      • Won ´t I go to Madrid next week ?
      • Won ´t we have a party tomorrow?
      • Won´t she sing at the concert tonight?
    • Short answers
      • Yes, S + will
      • No, S + will not (won ´t)
      • S = I/ you/ he/ she/ it/ we/ you/ they …
      • Will you come tomorrow? Yes, I will/ No, I won ´t
      • Will they watch a video at school? Yes, they will/ No, they won´t
      • Will the bus stop here? Yes, it will/ No, it won´t
    • QUESTION WORDS (Questions)
    • THERE IS A …
      • THERE IS A PARK NEAR THE SCHOOL. WHAT …?
      • WHAT IS THERE NEAR THE SCHOOL?
    • TO BE & PRESENT CONTINUOUS
      • WE ARE HAPPY. HOW?
      • SHE IS PLAYING IN THE STREET. WHERE? WHO?
      • THEY ARE WRITING QUICKLY. HOW?
      • HOW ARE WE?
      • WHERE IS SHE PLAYING?/ WHO IS PLAYING IN THE STREET?
      • HOW ARE THEY WRITING?
    • HAVE GOT
      • WE HAVE GOT A NEW PC. WHAT?
      • SHE ´S GOT MANY FRIENDS AT SCHOOL. WHERE? WHO?
      • WHAT HAVE WE GOT?
      • WHERE HAS SHE GOT MANY FRIENDS? / WHO HAS GOT MANY FRIENDS AT SCHOOL?
    • CAN/ COULD
      • SHE CAN TYPE VERY QUICKLY. HOW? WHO?
      • HE COULD SWIM WHEN HE WAS 4. WHEN?
      • HOW CAN SHE TYPE?/ WHO CAN TYPE VERY QUICKLY?
      • WHEN COULD HE SWIM?
    • PRESENT SIMPLE
    • Q = question word ( who, what, where, when…) A = auxiliar ( do, does, did, will …) S = I/ you/ he/ she/ it/ we/ you/ they … I = verb (infinitive): play, do, see, write, … C = complements: here, last night, … Q A S I C
    • Q A S I C Where When do does you she go play on Modays? the piano?
      • WE GO TO THE CINEMA TWICE A MONTH. HOW OFTEN?
      • SHE HELPS AT HOME. WHERE? WHO?
      • SHE ALWAYS DOES THE CLEANING. WHAT?
      • HOW OFTEN DO WE GO TO HE CINEMA?
      • WHERE DOES SHE HELP? WHO HELPS AT HOME?
      • WHAT DOES SHE ALWAYS DO?
      Q A S I C
      • PAST
      • (TO BE)
      • &
      • PAST CONTINUOUS
      • THEY WERE (FISHING) IN IRELAND IN SUMMER. WHERE?
      • MY FRIEND WAS (SINGING) AT HOME. WHERE? WHO?
      • WHERE WERE THEY (FISHING) IN SUMMER?
      • WHERE WAS MY FRIEND (SINGING) ? WHO WAS (SINGING) AT HOME?
      • PAST
      • (Regular & Irregular verbs)
    • Q A S I C Where When How did did did did you she they go play drive? yesterday? the piano?
      • She wrote a letter to her friends. What? Who?
      • Your uncle saw me in the park. Where?
      • They danced very well. How?
      • What did she write to her friends? Who wrote a letter to her friends?
      • Where did your uncle see me?
      • How did they dance?
      Q A S I C
    • GOING TO
      • Liz and Pam are going to school. Where?
      • Andrew is going to run tomorrow. When? Who?
      • Where are Liz and Pam going?
      • When is Andrew going to run? Who is going to run?
    • FUTURE (WILL)
    • Q A S I C When What Where will will will she they you go to do study? Lugo? tomorrow?
      • We ´ll go to the cinema next week. When?
      • My sister will go to to the supermarket. Where? Who?
      • They´ll have to study hard for the next tests. How?
      • When will we go to the cinema?
      • Where will my sister go? Who will go to the supermarket?
      • How will they have to study for the next tests?
      Q A S I C