GROUP MEMBERS :- ARYAMAN
India population size and distribution by numbers : India
population on march 2001 stood at 1,028 million ,which
account for 16.7 per cent of the world s population . These
1.02 billion people are unevenly distributed over our
country vast area of 3.28 million square km, which account
for 2.4 per cent of the worlds area.
the 2001 census data
reveals that Uttar Pradesh with the population size of 166
million people is the most populous state of India.
On the other end , the Himalayan state Sikkim
has a population of just 0.2 million people.
Almost half of
lives in just 5
states. These are
– Uttar Pradesh ,
west Bengal and
Andhra Pradesh .
BIRTH RATE IS A NUMBER OF LIVE BITHS PER
THOUSAND PERSON IN A YEAR .IT IS THE THE MAJOR
COMPONENT OF GROWTH BECAUSE IN INDIA, BIRTH
RATES HAVE ALWAYS BEEN HIGHERTHAN THAT OF
DEATH RATE IS THE NUMBER OF DEATHS PER
TOUSAND PERSON IN A YEAR.THE MAIN
CAUSE OF THE RATE OF GROWTH THE INDIAN
POPULATION HAS BEEN RAPID DECLINE IN
THE THIRD COMPONENT OF POPULATION GROWTH IS
MIGRATION . MIGRATION IS THE MOVEMENT OF PEOPLE
ACROSS REGIONS AND TERRITORIES.MIGRATION CAN
BE INTERNAL OR EXTERNAL.
Literacy in India is key for socio-economic progress, and the Indian
literacy rate grew to 74.04% in 2011 from 12% at the end of British
rule in 1947.Although this was a greater than six fold improvement,
the level is well below the world average literacy rate of 84%, and of
all nations, India currently has the
largest illiterate population. Despite government programmers,
India's literacy rate increased only "sluggishly," and a 1990 study
estimated that it would take until 2060 for India to achieve universal
literacy at then-current rate of progress.
Primary activities includes agriculture , animal
husbandry etc. secondary activities includes
manufacturing industries building etc. tertiary
activities include transport , commerce etc.
Health is an important component of
population composition which affects the
process of development . Sustained efforts
of government programmers have
registered significant improvement in the
health condition of the Indian population .
Death rates have declined from 25 per 1000
population in 1951 to 8.1 per1000 in 2001.
Recognizing that the planning of families would improve
individual health and welfare , the government of India
initiated the comprehensive family planning programme
in 1952. it has sought to promote responsible and
planned parenthood on a voluntary basis .