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  • 1. amXrXzØns‚ am[pcyw 1
  • 2. (Malayalam Language)MATRUTVATTINTE MAADHURYAM(Sweetness of Motherhood)Commented bySWAMI SUDHIFirst Edition : December 2008Published by : ONE-WORLD Publishing House Chethikode P .O Kanjiramattom Ernakulam-682315 web : www.schoolofvedanta.org e-mail : mail@schoolofvedanta.org Ph : 0484-2749819, 9447968014Type Setting : Nitya ChetanaProof : Vikas Chidambaram, Sabari ChetanaCover Design : One-World GraphicsCopies : 1000Printed at : Don Bosco, ErnakulamDistribution : Nitya Niketan Ashram KanjiramattomCopy Right : © One-World Publishing House Rs. 110 Rs. 2
  • 3. amXrXzØns‚ am[pcywPo hcXvaRvPcnbpsS hymJymw kzman kp[n ONE-WORLD PUBLISHING HOUSE ERNAKULAM - 682315 3
  • 4. kzman kp[n 1967¬ Xriq¿ Pn√-bnse Ip≠-en-bq-cn¬ Pn-®p. t∂ sNdp-∏Øn¬Xs∂ tamt£—p Bbn-cp-∂p. - kvIqfn¬ ]Tn-°p-tºmƒ hoSp-hn-´p-t]m-hp-Ibpw Hcp kXym-tz-jn-sb-t∏mse Ae-bp-Ibpw ]Xn-hm-bn-cp-∂p. k©m-cØn-n-Sbnepw ]Tw XpS¿∂p. - - kmº-Øn-I- im-kv{X-Øn¬ _ncp-Zhpw BwK-te-bkm-ln-Xy-Øn¬ _ncp-Zm-¥c_n-cp-Zhpw - - - - Ign-®p. tP¿W-en-kØn¬ ]n.Pn Untπma tSn. - Ipd-®p-Imew ]{X-{]-h¿Ø-Imbn tPmen sNbvXp. - At∏m-tg°pw Kpcp-khn-[Øn¬ AW-bm-p-≈ - - XrjvW AZ-ay-am-bn. AXn-m¬ tPmenbpw Km¿ln-IXbpw If-™p. -Kpcp nXy-ssN-Xy-bXn-bpsS injyXzw kzoI-cn-®p. - - Kpcp-hns‚ n¿t±-i{]-Imcw 1993¬ - mcm-bW- Kp-cp-Ip-eØn¬ tN¿∂p. - - Du´n-bnse Kp-cp-Ip-eØn¬ - Kpcp nXybpsS kao-]h¿Øn-bmbn - Kpcp-tkh sNbvXp Pohn-°p-hm-p-≈ `mKyhpw ntbm-Khpw D≠m-bn. 4
  • 5. apJ-a-RvPcn Kp cp-tZ-hIr-Xn-Iƒ ]cn-Nbn® mƒap-X¬ Fs∂ - - - G‰hpw IqSp-X¬ BI¿jn® Hcp Ih-amWv Po - h-cXvaRvPcn. ]n∂oSp Rm≥ AXp Ihn-bq¿ - - - - tchΩ ]mSn-bXp tIƒ°p-I-bp-≠m-bn. At∏mƒ AXns‚ hiyX F∂n¬ ho≠pw ho≠pw h¿≤n-®p- h-cm≥ XpS-ßn. AXn-se Hmtcm ]Zhpw Rm≥ t{]a- ]q¿∆w A¿∞-hn-Nmcw sNbvXp Xmtem-en-®pt]m∂p. Po h-cXvaRvPcn-bn-ep≈ Fs‚ lrZ-bm-p- - - - - cmKw Hcn-°¬ Kpcp nXy-ssN-Xy-bXnbpw Adn-bm- - - n-Sbm-bn. AXp-sIm≠v Kpcp-Xs∂ 1998 ¬ Kpcp-hns‚ - amXm-hns‚ kam-[n-ÿeamb tIm∂n-bnse hnZym-n- - - tI-X≥ Kpcp-Ip-eØn¬ Po h-cXaRPcn-bpsS - - v - - v - Hcp {]`m-jWw Ft∂mSp S-Øm≥ ]d-™p. Fn°v Gsd A¬`pXw tXm∂nb Hcp kw`-ham-W- - Xv. AXn-p-apºv AØ-cØn-ep≈ Hcp {]`m-jW- - - sam∂pw Kpcp Fs∂ G¬]n-®n-cp-∂n-√. Kpcp-Ip-e- Øn¬ h¿j-ßfmbn ]T-hpw ]mT-hpw S-Øn-h- - ∂n-cp∂ [mcmfw At¥-hm-kn-Iƒ thsd D≠m-bn-cp- ∂p. Kpcp-hns‚ ASp-Øp-n∂pw hnZym-arXw pW-™p- sIm-≠n-cn-°p∂ B ka-bØv Rmm-Is´ H∂nepw CS-s]-SmsX Hcp Xc-Øn-ep≈ ZuXy-ßfpw Gs‰-Sp- °msX [ym-aßfpsS kpK-‘n-bmb {]X-eß- - - - - - fn-eqsS kuay-ambn S-∂p-t]m-hp-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p. XmthmbpsS n wKXbmbncp∂p Fs‚ [ymwapJ-aRPcn - v 5
  • 6. {]tXy-In®pw henb ]WvUn-X-∑m¿ {]`m-jWwtIƒ°m≥ hcp∂ Hcp ÿe-am-WX.v Rmm-sW-¶n¬ -AØ-cØn¬ Hcp {]`m-jWØns‚ sshZ-Kv≤y-Øn- - - -tes°m∂pw IS-∂p-h∂n-´n-√. Fs‚°qsS D≠m-bn- -cp∂ Kpcp-hns‚ kPo-hkm-∂n≤yw am{X-amWv ]n∂oSv -B {]`m-jWth-Zn-bn¬ sN∂n-cp-∂t∏mƒ hm°p- - - -Iƒ°pw Bi-b߃°pw Dbn-cp-≠m-°n-Ø∂X.v Kpcp - - -nXy-bpsS AΩsb I≠p-ap-´m-pw AΩ-bpsS IqsSPohn-°p-hmpw Hcn-°¬ CS-h∂t∏mƒ B AΩ Adn- - -hns‚ tZh-Xbm-sW∂v Fn°p t_m[y-s∏-´n-´p-≠v. -Pohn-XsØ Hcp Iqk-ep-an-√msX Am-bmkw ssIImcywsNøp-∂Xv Rm≥ tcn´p I≠v Ap-`hn-®n-´pap-≠v. -]n∂oSv Iptd AΩ-am-cn¬ amXr-Xz-Øns‚ al-o-b-Xsb Fn°p Is≠-Øm≥ Ign-™p. amXrXzØnencn°p∂ IcpXent‚bpw kvtlØnt‚bpwXpSn∏ns kz¥w AΩbn¬n∂pw sXm´dn™p. ]t£, AXn-s-√m-ap-]cn mcm-b-W-Kp-cp-hnv‘hniz-P-n’ F∂ amXm-hn-s-°p-dn-®p-≠m-bn-cp∂Adnhv thsdmcnSØpw C{X kpXm-cy-X-tbmsSFn°p hmbn-s®-Sp-°m≥ Ign-™n-´n-√. {]tXy-In®pwAXnse Nne hcn-Iƒ Fs‚ lrZ-b-kv]-µ-ß-fn¬t]mepw Xmfm-fl-I-ambn ebn-®p-tN¿∂n-´p-≠v.AJWvUmp`qXnbnsegpw X≠m-cn¬ hoWp a[p-hp-≠m-can-°p-samcp h≠m-Wp kqcn kpIr-Xn... Imem- -Zn-bmb arZp-q-emse søp-samcp eoem-]Sw `h-Xn-sabvtaemsI aqSpw... Cu hcnI-sfms° shdpw Ihn-X-b√. Ihn-XIƒ°-∏p-dtØ°p IÆp-Isf FbvXp- - - -hn-Sp∂ hnt£-]Wn-Ifm-Wv. - - c≠p-h¿jw apºv Rm≥ H∂p-c≠p kplr-Øp-°-fp-ambn ssh‰ne {iocm-aIr-jvWm-{i-aØn¬ t]mbn. - -kzman Bfl-kz-cq-]m--µ-bmWv Ahn-SsØ kPo-h-km-∂n-≤yw. kzman Rßsf kvtl-tØmsS hnfn-®n-cp-Øn. Gsd hn-b-tØmSpw `hy-X-tbmSpw IqSn- 6
  • 7. bmWp kzman kwkm-cn-®n-cp-∂-Xv. mcm-b-W-Kp-cp- hns‚ IrXn-ItfmSpw Z¿i-Øn-tmSpw At±-lØn- - - - p-≠m-bn-cp∂ XmXv]cyw njv°f¶ambn At±lw- - - shfn-s∏-Sp-Øn. {iocma-IrjvW]c-alw-ktcbpw imc- - - Zm-tZ-hn-tbbpwIpdn®v kwkm-cn-®p-sIm-≠n-cp-∂t∏mƒ - Po h-cXvaRvPcn-bn-te°p IS-∂p-htc-≠n-h- - - - - - ∂p. kzman Po h-cvX--a-RvP-cn-bpsS lrZ-bm- h¿÷-I-amb Bhn-jvIm-csØ ho≠pw-ho≠pw {]Io¿Øn-®p-sIm-≠n-cp-∂p. kzmansb Hcp KoXm-{]-`m-jW]cºcbpsS DZvLm- - - - - - - S--Ønp £Wn-°m-mWv R߃ t]mb-Xv. {]`m- j-W-Øns‚ DZvLm-S--Ønv At±lw hcn-Ibpw BZy-Zn-hksØ {]`m-jWw tIƒ°p-Ibpw sNbvXp. - Hcp amkw Ign-™t∏mƒ ssh‰ne {iocma-Ir-jvWa- - - T-Øn¬ HcmgvN o≠p-n¬°p∂ Po h-c-Xv- a-RvPcn-bpsS {]`m-jW]cºc S-Øp-hm≥ Fs∂ - - - - - £Wn-°p-hm-mbn kzman nXy-n-tI-XØn-se-Øn. - - kzman-bpsS Cu IrXn-tbm-Sp≈ BI¿jWw Fs∂ IqSp-X¬ DtØ-Pn-Xm-°n. Aßs {iocm-aIr-jW- - - v a-T-Øn¬h®p {iocm-a-Ir-jvW-P-b-¥n-tbm-S-p-_- ‘n®p S-Ønb Ggp {]`m-j-W-ß-fmWv ‘amXr-Xz- Øns‚ am[pcyw’ F∂ ]pkvX-I-ambn amdn-b-Xv. kvIqƒ Hm^v thZm-¥bnse {_“-hn-Zym¿∞n-bmb - nXy-tN-X apgp-h≥ sdt°m-¿Un-ßp-Ifpw tIs´- gpXn AXym-hiyw FUn-‰n-ßp-I-sfms° S-Øn CXnssbmcp ]pkvXIam°n am‰n. Fs‚ NncIme - - an{Xamb {io. hnImkv NnZw-_cw CXns‚ {]q^v hmbn-®p-tm°n Ht´sd Xncp-Øep-Iƒ hmIy-LS- - - - bnepw a‰pw S-Øn. C∂n-t∏mƒ CsXmcp hmbn-°m- hp∂ ]pkvX-I-ambn amdn. F∂mepw {]`mjW ßfn¬ D]tbmKn°p∂ Hcp kw`mjWssienbmWv CXnepSofw [znbv°pI. CXp `mjm]TØn p≈ Hcp ]pkvXIa√ F∂p IcpXpI. {iocmaIrjvWapJ-aRPcn - v 7
  • 8. ]calwkcpsS IYIƒ [mcmfw D≤cn®n´p≈XpImWmw. Ah mcmbWKpcphnpw ]calwk¿°pwCSbn¬ kpZrVamb Hcp tkXphmbn `hnbv°s´. amXr-Xz-Øns‚ am[pcyw F∂ t]¿ Hcp shfn-]mSpt]mse Fs‚ D≈n¬ sXfn-™Xm-Wv. Kpcp-hn- -s‚-Xs∂ Hcp Dƒt{]-cW-bm-se∂hÆ-amWv B t]¿Cu ]pkvX-I-Ønp sImSp-Ø-Xv. ]t£, amXr-Xz-Øns‚ Zm¿i-n-Iamb Hcp Ah-XcWambn am{Xta - - - -Cu ]pkvXIsØ n߃ Zb-hmbn ImWm≥ ]mSp- -≈q. CXv Z¿i-Øns‚ ]mc-ay-am-W. CXn-∏p-dtØ- - v - -°p ]d-bp-hm≥ Hcmƒ°pw mhp s]mßp-Ibn-√. t]Sn- -sIm-≠√. mhp-sIm≠p ]d-bm-hp-∂Xv CXn--∏p-d-sØm∂pw C√m-ØXp-sIm≠.v Kpcp-hns‚ ⁄m-h- -√-cn-bn¬ ]qØ Cu hnti-jIp-kp-asØ `wKn-bp≈ -Hcp Nj-IØn¬h®p Rm≥ n߃°p nth-Zn-°p- -I-bm-W. n߃°n-Xns lrZ-bw-sIm-s≠-SpØv Hcp v]qPm-]p-jv]am-°n- am-‰mw. - kvtl-tØmsS kzman kp[n 8
  • 9. D≈S°wlrZb]pWvUcoIØnse cXvØnf°w 11 AΩbpsS D◊ Adnhns‚ sXfna 21 C√mbvabpsS h√mbva 53 a[phpÆp∂ kqcnkpIrXnIƒ 69 kzmp`qXnXs∂ ssZhmp`hw 95 ImetZißfpsS tcnb DSbmS 125 {]IrXnbnse ssZhkm∂n≤yw 137 ]m]Øns‚ Zm¿inIX 159 km£nbmbn Pohnbv°pI 169 ⁄mhnlmb ns‚ alna 187 {]ivtmØcn 192 9
  • 10. 10
  • 11. lrZb]pWvUcoIØnse cXvØnf°w samgnbmmhmØ t{]aKmY! B¿°pw AXp h¿Æn°mmhn√... Bsc¶nepw AXnp apXn¿∂m¬ I¬°≠Øns‚ a[pcw samgnbm≥ shºnb aqIst∏msebmIpah≥. auw Xpfpºp∂ Hcp aµlmkw am{Xw... hnØpw nehpan√msX Hcp acw hf¿∂v ndsb ^e߃ hnfbpsa∂v! Fs‚ Kpcp CXns‚ A¥cm¿∞w Ft∂mSp auambn samgn™p. Fs‚ a v {]im¥hpw AN©ehpsa∂v IcpXn Rm≥ Cuin¬ [ymwsIm≠p. Kpcphns‚ Ir]mkm∂n≤yw AWbpthmfw Fs‚ {iaßsf√mw hn^eßfmbn. ]ns∂ a v ZrV`qansb ]p¬In Cuin¬ nXyambn kam[nsIm≠p. k¥v I_o¿ {iom-cm-b-W-Kp-cp-hns‚ A`u-a-kp-µ-c-amb Hcp IrXn-bmWvPo h-c-Xv-a-RvP-cn. Ihn-X-sIm≠pw Z¿i-w-sIm≠pw emfn-Xyw-sIm≠pw hfsc D∂-X-amb Xe-ØnemWv Cu IrXn hncm-Pn°p-∂-Xv. Pn F∂m¬ AΩ. hniz-Øns‚ AΩ. h-c-Xv-a-RvP-cn F∂m¬ HºXp cXv-߃ tN¿∂ Hcp Ipe. aRvPcn]q¶p-e-bm-Wv. ChnsS ]q°fpsS Ip-e-b-√, cXv-߃ tN¿∂Ipe-bm-Wv. HºXp ]Zy-ßfmWv Cu IrXn-bn¬ D≈-Xv. Cu HºXp -lrZb]pWvUcoIØnse cXvØnf°w 11
  • 12. ]Zy-߃ tN¿Øphbv°p-tºmƒ cXv-k-∂n-`-amb Xnf°wssIh-cp-∂p. `uXn-I-Po-hn-X-Øn¬ Gsd hne-]n-Sn-∏p≈ hkvXp-hmWv cXvw. B≤ym-fln-I- Pohn-X-Øn¬ mw Ap-`-hn°p∂B-µ-Ønv Cu cXv-tØ-°mƒ Aaq-ey-X-bp-≠v. B Aaq-ey-k-Ø-bn-te°v ΩpsS {i≤ Xncn-°m≥ th≠n-bmWv cXvwF∂ hm°v Kpcp ChnsS {]tbm-Kn-®X.v AXp-sIm≠v ChnsS cXvw -⁄mmp`qXnbmWv ( mystic experience). Ha¿ Jømwdp∫bmØn¬ ]dbp∂ ho™pw mcmbWKpcphns‚ cXvhpwHtc Ap`qXnbpsS hyXykvXamb {]XoIßfßfmWv. - `mK-h-X-Øn¬ h-hn-[-`-‡n-sb-°p-dn®p hniZoIcn°p-∂p-≠v.{ih-Ww, Io¿Ø-w, kvac-Ww, ]mZ-tk-h-w, A¿®-w, hµ-w,Zmkyw, kJyw, Bfl-n-th-Zw F∂n-h-bm-Wh. `‡n-bpsS CuHºXp `mh-ßsf Bhm-ln-°p-hm≥th≠n kzmXnXncp-mƒ h-c-Xv-am-en-Im-Io¿Ø--߃ cNn-®p. `mc-X-Øn¬ Hº-Xv F∂A°-Ønv KW--{In-b-bn¬ Nne {]tXy-I-X-I-fp-≠v. AsXmcpam{¥nI kwJybmWv. am{X-a√, Pohn-X-Øn¬ mw tI´p-t]m-cm-dp≈ h-c-k-߃, h-[m-y-߃, h-{K-l-߃ Ch-bn-sems°ImWp∂ h-i-_vZ-Ønv Kpcp-hns‚ a- n¬ Hcp IrXn-bpsSn¿Ωn-Xn-bn-te°v {]th-in-°p-hm-p≈ t{]c-Wsb Hcp-°n-s°m-Sp-Øn-cn-°Ww. HºXp cXvßfpsS t]¿ tIƒ°p-tºmƒt]mepw - -Cº- a p- ≈ - h bm- W v . h- c - X v - ß - s f- ° p- d n®v Adn- b p- h m- mbnIuXpIw tXm∂n-b-t∏mƒ Hcp BI-c-{KŸw (reference book)FSpØv Rmsm∂p adn®ptm°n. F{X atm-⁄-amb t]cp-I-fm-Wh. apØv, amWnIyw, ac-XIw, sshUqcyw, tKmta-ZIw, sshcw, -]fl-cmKw, ]hngw, C{µ-o-ew. Kpcp-hns‚ Cu IrXn-bnse Hmtcm]Zyhpw kuµ-cy-Øns‚ apgp-h≥ km[y-X-I-tfbpw Hcp Nnan-gn-em°n kq£n-®Xp-t]m-se-bm-Wv. IS-s™-SpØ ]Z-ßfpw _nw_- -ßfpw Zm¿i-n-I-amb aqi-bn-te°v Dcp-°n-sbm-gn®p hm¿sØ-SpØ Hcp Aaq-ey-n-[n! kXym-tz-jWw n[n Atz-jn-®p≈ bm{X-t]m-se-bm-Wv.Aß-s-sbmcp IY Hmtjm-bpsS {KŸkap-®bØn-se-hn-sStbm - -Rm≥ hmbn-®n-´p-≠v. Hcp acw-sh-´p-Im-c≥ F√m Znh-khpw hndIptiJ-cn-°m-mbn Im´n-te°v t]mIp-am-bn-cp-∂p. kqcy≥ AkvX-an-°p-∂-tXmsS hensbmcp sI´p hnd-Ip-ambn At±lw N¥-bn- 12
  • 13. seØpw. hndIp hn‰p In´p∂ ]WwsIm≠p ho´n-te°v Bh-iy-ap≈ km[-ßsf√mw hmßn-°pw. At±-lØns‚ Xp—-amb hcp- - - -am-w-sIm-≠p `mcybpw Ip´n-Ifpw Acn-jvSn®v Pohn-®p-t]m-∂p. acw-sh-´p-Im-c≥ Im´n-te°p t]mIp∂ hgn-bn¬ Hcp k∂ymknXma-kn-®n-cp-∂p. k∂ymkn Ft∏mgpw [ym-n-c-X-mbn Hcn-S-Øn-cn-°p-∂p-≠m-Ipw. AXp-sIm≠p acw-sh-´p-Im-c≥ k∂ym-knsbKun-°m-dp-≠m-bn-cp-∂n-√. F∂m¬ B k∂ymkn acw-sh-´p-Im-cs F√m Znh-khpw {i≤n-°p-∂p≠m-bn-cp-∂p. ImcWw acw-sh-´p-Im-c≥ Ap-`-hn-°p∂ {]bm-k-߃ k∂ym-kn-bpsS a- ns B¿{Z-am-°n-bn-cp-∂p. Hcp Znhkw k∂ymkn acw-sh-´p-Im-cs hnfn-®p: “Xm¶ƒ°v ImSns‚ D≈n-te°v Ipd-®p-IqSns]mbv°q-tS?”“D≈n-te°v t]mb-Xp-sIm≠v F¥mWv {]tbm-Pw?” acw-sh-´p-Im-c≥ tNmZn-®p.At∏mƒ k∂ymkn ]d™p: “AhnsS Hcp Ccpºp Jnbp≠v.Xm¶ƒ HØncn IjvS-s∏-Sp-∂p-. am{X-a√ ISpØ ag-°mew hcm≥t]mhp-I-bm-Wv. Ahn-sS-n∂pw Ipsd Ccp-º-bn¿ tiJ-cn®p N¥-bn¬ sIm≠p-t]mbn sImSp-Øm¬ AXym-hiyw ]Ww In´pw.” acw-sh-´p-Im-c≥ k∂ym-kn-bpsS hm°p-Isf Ahn-iz-kn-s®-¶nepw ImSn-p-≈n-te°p t]mIm≥Xs∂ Xocp-am-n-®p. Im´n¬sN∂-t∏mƒ k∂ymkn ]d-™Xp icn-bm-bn-cp-∂p. AhnsSCcpºpJn D≠m-bn-cp-∂p. B Ccp-ºp-J-n-bn¬n∂pw FSp-°m-hp-∂{X Ccp-º-bn¿ Nm°n-em°n N¥-bn¬ sIm≠p-t]mbn hn‰p.ssIndsb ]Ww In´n. IjvSn®v HcmgvN Ign-™-t∏mƒ B]W-sa√mw Xo¿∂p. ho≠pw tImSm-en-sb-SpØp acw-sh-´p-Im-c≥Im´n-te°p t]mbn. k∂ymkn Ahn-sS-Øs∂ Ccn°p∂p≠m-bn-cp-∂p. C{]m-hiyw AtX tNmZyw-Xs∂ k∂ymkn Bh¿Øn-®p: “Xm¶ƒ°p Ipd-®p-IqSn ImSnp≈n-te°p s]mbv°qsS?”“D≈n-te°p t]mbm¬ F¥mWp≈Xv ?” acw-sh-´p-Im-c≥ tNmZn-®p.“AhnsS Hcp sh≈n-J-n-bp-≠v. ” k∂ymkn ]d™p. acw- s h- ´ p- I m- c Xp hniz- k n- ° m≥ Ign- ™ n- √ . F∂mepwAbmƒ ImSns‚ D≈n-te°p t]mbn. C{]m-hiyw Abmƒ icn°pwA¤p-Xs∏-´p-. AhnsS sh≈n-Jn D≠m-bn-cp-∂p. C{Xbpw Imew -Im´n¬ h∂n´pw Cß-s-sbmcp sh≈n-Jn Xm≥ I≠n-´n√t√mlrZb]pWvUcoIØnse cXvØnf°w 13
  • 14. F∂-bmƒ Bfl-KXw sNbvXp. AXn¬ n∂pw Ipsd sh≈ntiJ-cn®v Abmƒ N¥-bn¬ sIm≠p-t]mbn hn‰p. C{]m-hiywapº-tØ-°m-f[nIw ]Ww In´n. ho´n¬ F√m-h¿°pw √ hkv{X- -߃ hmßn. Ip´n-Iƒ°p Ifn-°m≥ Ifn-∏m-´-߃ hmßn. IpSpw-_-Øn¬ BÀmZw Xnc-X-√n. ]t£, F¥p-]-d-tb-≠q. ho≠pw]Ww Xo¿∂p. acw-sh-´p-Im-c≥ tImSm-en-bp-sa-SpØp Im´n-te°p t]mbn. hgn-h-°n¬ k∂ym-knsb I≠p. k∂ymkn ]d™p: “Ipd-®p-IqSnImSn-p-≈n-te°p s]mbv°qsS?”“AhnsS ]pXpXmbn F¥mWp≈Xv?” acw-sh-´p-Im-c≥ tNmZn®p.“AhnsS Hcp kz¿Æ-Jnbp≠v.” k∂ymkn ]d™p.“kz¿Æ-J-ntbm!” acw-sh-´p-Im-c≥ A¤pXw Iqdn. F∂mepw k∂ymkn ]d-™-Xp-t]mse Abmƒ ImSn-p-≈n-te-°pXs∂ t]mbn. acw-sh-´p-Im-cp Xs‚ IÆp-Isf hniz-kn-°m≥ Ign-™n-√. Cßs Hcp kz¿Æ-Jn D≠m-bn´pw Cuk∂ym-kn-sbt¥ CsXm∂pw kz¥am-°m-ØXv? In´m-hp-∂{Xkz¿ÆhpwsIm≠v At±lw N¥-bn¬ sN∂p. [mcmfw ]WwAt±-l-Ønp e`n-®p. acw-sh-´p-Im-c≥ ]pXnsbmcp hoSp ]Wn-Xp. m´p-Im-cpsS CS-bn¬ _lp-am-y-mbn. ]e¿°pw ]WwZmw sNbvXp. Iptd-°mew Ign-™-t∏mƒ B ]Whpw Xo¿∂p-t]m-bn. acw-sh-´p-Im-c≥ C{]m-hiyw k∂ym-kn-bpsS ASp-Øp-sN-∂p. At∏mƒ k∂ymkn ]p©n-cn-®p-sIm≠p ]d™p: “Xm¶ƒCnbpw D≈n-te°p t]mI-Ww.”“Cnbpw D≈n-te°p t]mbm¬ F¥mWp≈Xv?”“ImSns‚ HØ Sp-hn¬ Hcp cXvJnbp≠v. ]t£, Atßm- -´p≈ bm{X kml-kn-Iam-Wv. F∂mepw {ian-®m¬ FØn-s∏-Smw.” - k∂ym-kn-bpsS hm°p-I-fn¬ Ft∏mgpw D≠m-bn-cp∂ Ahn-izmkw Ct∏mgpw acw-sh-´p-Im-c-n¬ D≠m-bn-cp-∂p. C{X henbcXv-J-n-sb√mw D≠m-bn´pw Hcp No¥v XpWnbpw Np‰n Ct±lwF¥p-sIm-≠mWv Cu ac-®p-h´n¬am{Xw HXp-ßn-°q-Sp-∂Xv? kwi- -b-sØ-sbms° XXv°m-e-tØ°v am‰n-n¿Øn ImSns‚ a[y-Øn-te-°pXs∂ Abmƒ t]mbn. Hcp {]Im-c-Øn¬ AhnsS FØn.AhnsS I≠ ImgvN acw-sh-´p-Im-cs AkvX{]-⁄m-°n. Aaq- - -ey-amb cXv-߃! At±-l-Øns‚ IÆp-Iƒ A©n-t∏m-bn. In´m- 14
  • 15. hp-∂{X cXv-ßsfSpØv At±lw N¥-bn¬ sIm≠p-t]mbnhn‰p. Abmƒ B m´nse G‰hpw kº-∂-mb hy‡n-bmbnamdn. cmjv{So-b-]m¿´n-°mcpw ]ptcmlnX-∑mcpw At±-lsØImWm≥h-∂p. Abmƒ kaq-l-Øn¬ F√m-Ø-c-Ønepw AwKo-Ir-X-mbn. kpJ-tem-ep-]-XbpsS aq¿[-y-Øn-eqsS Abm-fpsSPohnXw IS-∂p-t]m-bn. Iptd°mew Ign-™-t∏mƒ Abm-fpsS]Ww Xo¿∂p. C{]m-hiyw At±lw AXoh ZpxJn-X-m-bn. kº-∂-mb Hcp-h≥ C√m-bva-bn-te°p hcp-tºmƒ Hcp-Xcw iqyXAp-`-h-s∏-Sm-dp-≠v. acw-sh-´p-Im-c≥ Aßs Pohn-X-Øns‚nc¿∞-I-X-sb-°p-dn®p hyk-n-®p. At∏mƒ Abmƒ Im´n¬ Xma-kn-°p∂ k∂ym-kn-sb-°p-dn-t®m¿Øp. Abmƒ k∂ym-knsb ImWm-mbn t]mbn. k∂ymknapºp≠mbncp∂nSØpXs∂ D≠m-bn-cp-∂p. C{]m-hiyw k∂ym-kn-bpsS Np≠pI-fn¬ A¿∞-K¿`-amb Hcp Nncn D≠m-bn-cp-∂p.k∂ymkn tNmZn-®p: “Cnbpw D≈n-te°p s]mbv-°qtS?”At∏mƒ Abmƒ tNmZn®p: “Cnbpw D≈n-tet°m ? F¥ns‚D≈n-te°v?”At∏mƒ k∂ymkn ]d™p: “C{]m-hiyw ImSns‚ D≈n-te-°√ t]mtI-≠-Xv. Xm¶-fpsS D≈n-te-°m-Wv. AhnsS Hcp Jn-bp-≠v. kz¿Æ-Øn-t-°mfpw cXv-Øn-t-°mfpw hne-∏n-Sn-∏p≈Aaq-ey-amb Hcp Jn.”acw-sh-´p-Im-c≥ IuXp-ItØmsS tNmZn®p: “F-ßs-bmWv Rm≥ - -Fs‚ D≈n-te°p t]mhpI?”k∂ymkn ]d™p: “kam-[m-tØmSpIqSn Fs‚ ASpØncn-°p-I. Ap-`hn-°m-p≈ kpJ-ßsf√mw Xm¶ƒ Ap-`hn-®p. _mly- - - -tem-IØp-n∂p tSm-hp-∂sX√mw tSn-sb-Sp-Øp. Ah-sb√mw - -XmXv°m-en-Ißfpw iz-cßfp-am-sW∂p t_m[y-am-bnt√? Cn - - -imiz-Xamb kpJ-Øns‚ Jn Rm≥ Xpd∂p Xcmw. AXn-nnHcn-SØpw t]mtI-≠-Xn-√. AXp Xm¶-fpsS D≈n¬Ø-s∂-bm-Wv. D≈ns‚ D≈n¬ au-Øns‚ kuay-amb Hcp {]X-e-ap-≠v.AhnsS B-µhpw A¿∞hpw am[p-cyhpw kwKo-Xhpw F√mwH∂n-®p-ta-fn-°p∂ Xm¶-fpsS kl-P-amb kØ-bp-≠v. Cn BJn-bn¬n∂p aqeysØ Is≠Øn Pohn-°p-I.” ΩpsS Pohn-Xhpw Iptd Atz-j-W-ßfpw Iptd ]cn-Xym-K-lrZb]pWvUcoIØnse cXvØnf°w 15
  • 16. ßfpw tN¿∂ kΩn-{i-amb Hcp {]Xn-`m-k-am-Wv. kpJ-ap-≈-Xnsmw kz¥-am°n hbv°p-∂p. ZpxJ-ap-≈-Xns mw Hgn-hm-°p-∂p.Aß-s-bp≈ km[m-cW Pohn-X-Øn¬ kpJ-Øns‚ nXyXAp-`-hn-°m≥ Ign-bp∂ {]⁄mw Ωn¬ Dudn-°q-Sn-bn-´n-√.B {]⁄m-sØ DW¿Øn-Ø-cp∂, F¥p-sIm≠pw aqey-h-Ømb Hcp IrXn-bn-te-°mWv mw Cd-ßn-s®-√m≥ t]mIp-∂-Xv. mcmbWKpcp Adp-]tXmfw IrXn-Iƒ cNn®n´p-≠.v Ahsb√mwC∂p ap°p e`y-am-Wv. Cu Adp-]-Xp -Ir-XnI-fn¬ HmtcmIrXnbv°pw AXn-t‚-Xm-b hyXy-kvXXIfp-≠v. hyXy-kvXXIƒ - - -D≠m-bn-cn-°p-tºmgpw B IrXn-Ifn-sems° Z¿i-Øn-t‚-Xm-b - -Hcp kam-m-[n-IcWXbpap-≠v. AssZz-XZ¿i-amWv Kpcp-hns‚ - - - - -kl-P-am-bn-cn-°p∂ ImgvN. B kl-P-am-bn-cn-°p∂ Z¿iwkvtXm{X-Ir-Xn-I-fn-eqsSbpw {]t_m-[-m-fl-IIrXn-I-fn-eqsSbpw{]Imin°p∂p≠v. Btflm-]tZ-iiXIw, Z¿i-am-e, AssZzX- - - - - -Zo-]n-I, {_“-hn-Zym-]©Iw t]mep≈ IrXnIƒ Zm¿i-n-IamWv. - -D]-n-jØpI-fn¬ Z¿iw {]Im-in-°p-∂Xp-t]m-se-Xs∂-bmWv - - -Btflm-]tZ-iiXIØn-epw Z¿i-am-ebn-ep-sams° Kpcp AssZz- - - - - - -XsØ angn-hm¿∂ Xn-atbmsS Ah-Xcn-∏n-®n-cn-°p-∂Xv. - - - kvtXm{X-Ir-Xn-Ifn¬ hnm-bIktXm-{X-ap-≠,v hnjvWp-ktXm- - - v v{X-ß-fp-≠v, tZho-kvtXm-{X-ß-fp-≠v, inh-kvtXm-{X-ß-fp-≠v,kp{_“WykvtXm{X-ßfp--≠.v Aßs AtIw kvtXm{X-Ir-Xn- -Iƒ Kpcp Fgp-Xn-bn-´p-≠.v AXv C{X-am{Xw ]Tn-°m≥ F¥n-cn-°p∂p?AXv a[p-cambn sNmt√≠ H∂t√? i_vZku-Ip-am-cy-tØ-°mƒ - -F¥nmW-Xns‚ A¿∞-sa√mw Adn-bm≥ t]mIp-∂Xv? CØcwtNmZy-ßsfms° Nne-cnse¶nepw DS-se-Sp-°m-dp-≠v. - i_vZ-Ønv AXn-t‚-Xm-b am[pcyw D≠m-bn-cn-°p-∂-Xp-t]m-se-Xs∂ A¿∞-Ønpw am[p-cy-ap-≠v. i_vZ-Øns‚bpw A¿∞-Øns‚bpw am[pcyw Htc-t]mse Ap-`hn-°m≥ Ign-bp-tºm-gmWv -Kpcp-hns‚ hN--߃ ΩpsS D≈n¬ ]cn-h¿Ø--߃ D≠m-°p-∂-Xv. A√m-Ø-]-£w i_vZ-Ø-ns‚ am[p-cy-Øn¬ Ωƒtamln-®p-t]m-Ip-∂p. a[p-c-ap≈ Hcp Kmw tIƒ°p-tºmƒ Ω-f-Xn¬ Fß-s-sbm-s°tbm tamln-X-cm-bn-t∏m-Im-dp-≠v. ]t£,F{X √ i_vZ-߃ tI´mepw ]q¿W{]⁄X D≠m-hp-I-bn-√. tIƒ°p∂ thfsb ap°p k¥p-jvSam-°m-sa-∂√msX, imiz- - - 16
  • 17. X- a m- b n- c n- ° p∂ k¥p- j v S nbpw kam- [ m- hpw n¿hr- X nbpw⁄m-Øn-eqsS am{Xta kw`-hn-°p-I-bp-≈q. AXp-sIm-≠mWvi_vZ-am-[p-cy-tØm-sSm-∏w-Xs∂ A¿∞-am-[p-cyhpw ΩpsSD≈n¬ kw`-hn-°-W-sa∂p ]d-bp-∂-Xv. F¥p tIƒ°p-tºmgpw F¥mWXns‚ A¿∞-sa∂p hnNmcwsNøp∂ Hcp D≈p-W¿hv ap-°p-≠m-I-Ww. As√-¶n¬ i_vZ-ß-sf√mw shdpw -hym-tam-l-ßsf krjvSn®p IS-∂p-t]m-hpIam{Xta sNøp-Ibp-≈q. Po h-c-Xv-a-RvPcn F∂ IrXnbpwAßs A¿∞-a-dn-bmsX sNm√n-s°m-≠n-cn-°p-I-bm-sW-¶n¬Iptd-mƒ Ign-™mepw ΩpsS D≈n¬ Anhmcyamb am‰-ß-sfm∂pw kw`-hn-°msX AXp shdpw i_vZ-Pmeambn am{Xtane-sIm-≈p-I-bp-≈q.- Kpcp sΩ kmwkm-cnI-Po-hn-XØn-s‚, kmaq-ln-IPo-hn-XØns‚ - - -_‘-ßfn¬n∂pw hnap-‡cm°n B-µØns‚ ]mc-ay-Øn-te°p - - - -B-bn-°mmWvv Cß-s-bp≈ IrXn-Iƒ Fgp-Xn-Ø∂ncn-°p-∂X.v -F∂mepw ho≠pw _‘-wXs∂ Xncs™Sp°p∂p. At∏mƒKpcphns‚ IrXnIƒ hn^eßfmbn amdp∂p. AXp-sIm≠v Kpcp-hns Ωƒ ]Tn-°p-tºmgpw a- n-em-°p-tºmgpw Kpcp ]d-™p-X-∂n-´p≈ A¿∞-Øns‚ Xew hnNn¥wsNbvXv AXns‚ {]tbm-Pw Ap-`-hn-°m≥ Ign-b-Ww. AXvBflm-hns Adn-bp-tºmgp≠m-Ip∂ n¿hr-Xn-bm-Wv. kmwkm-cn-I-Zpx-J-Øn¬n-∂p≈ ]q¿Æ-amb ap‡nbmWv. nXy-Po-hn-X-Øn¬ ap°v {]bm-k-ß-fn-√msX Pohn-XsØ kao-]n-°m≥ Ign-bp∂ Hcp Dƒsh-fn®w. AXmWv Kpcp Ω-fn¬ {]tbm-P--ambnImWp-∂-Xv. ap-jy¿ Hcp am‰-Ønv hnt[-b-cm-tI-≠n-bn-cn-°p-∂p. AXvGsX-¶nepw PmXn-bnse ap-jytcm As√-¶n¬ aX-Ønse ap-jytcm A√. ka-kvX-a-p-jycpw Hcp am‰-Ønv hnt[-b-cm-tI-≠n-bn-cn-°p-∂p. B am‰-Øns‚ e£yw ]c-a-]p-cp-jm¿∞-am-bn-cn-°p∂ tam£-am-Wv. tam£-Øn-te-°mWv ap-jy≥ hf¿∂p-h-tc-≠-Xv. ap-jy≥ hf-tc≠ Hcp Pohn-bm-Wv. F√m Pohn-IfpwicocØns‚ XeØnemWv hf-cp-∂-Xv. F∂m¬ apjys‚hf¿® ico-c-Øn¬ am{Xw HXp-ßn-n¬°p∂ Hcp {]{In-b-bmIm≥ ]mSn√. ico-c-Øns‚ hf¿®-bn¬n∂pw Bflm-hns‚lrZb]pWvUcoIØnse cXvØnf°w 17
  • 18. hnIm-k-Øn-te°v ]cn-h¿Øn-°p-tºmƒ ap-jy≥ ssZhnI-ambHcp Pohn-bm-bn-Øo-cp-∂p. Hcp hy‡n-bn¬ ssZhn-I-X-bp-s≠-∂-dn-bp-tºmƒ Ah≥ imco-cn-I-X-bpsS _‘--Øn¬n∂pw ap‡-mbn ssZhn-I-X-bpsS {]X-e-Øn-te°v ]cn-h¿Øn-°-s∏-Sp∂p.AXp-sIm≠v F√m-°m-eØpw ap-jy≥ imco-cn-Ihpw ssPhn-Ihpw am-kn-I-hp-am-bn-cn-°p-∂ aWvU-e-ß-fn¬am{Xw hnl-cn-®ncn-°msX Ahbn¬n∂pw ]pd-ØpIS°m≥ {ian-°-Ww. B{ia-amWv ap-jy-s D∂-X-mb Hcp Pohn-bm°n am‰p-∂-Xv. A√m-Ø-]-£w Kpcp ]d-bp-∂-Xp-t]mse: “DW-cWw Cn Dd-ßWw `pPn-®o-S-Ww A-iw ]pW-tc-Ww F-∂n-hÆw AW-bpwAt-I-hn-I-ev]w B-I-bm¬ B-cp-Wcph-Xv D-s≈mcp n¿hn-Im-c-cq-]w” Btflm-]-tZ-i-i-X-I-Øn¬ kmam-y-P--ß-fpsS Pohn-X- Ø n- t e°v hnc¬Nq- ≠ n- s °m≠v Kpcp ImWn- ® p- X - c p∂bmYm¿∞y-ß-fm-Wn-h. Hmtcm-c-p-Ø-cp-tSbpw D≈n¬ Bfl-kz-cq-]-am-bn-cn-°p∂ n¿hn-Im-c-X-bn-te°v, am‰-an-√m-Xn-cn-°p∂ D◊-bn-te°v Bcpw-Xs∂ DW¿∂p-h-cp-∂n-√t√m. Aev]w hnem]-Øns‚ Nph-bp≈ kzc-ØnemWv Kpcp CXv ]d-bp-∂-Xv. kmam-y-a-p-jy≥ F∂pw kmam-y-a-p-jy-mbn Pohn-°msX AhvssZhn- I - X - b n- t e°v Db- c p- h m- p≈ Nnd- I p- I ƒ Ds≠- ∂ mWvCXns‚ A¿∞w. B Nnd-Ip-Iƒ mw D]-tbm-K-s∏-Sp-Ø-Ww.Ωnse A-¥-amb km[y-X-Isf ap‡n-°p-th≠n {]tbm-P--s∏-Sp-Ø-Ww. Po h-c-Xv-a-RvPcn ap‡n-k-µm-b-I-am-bn-cn-°p∂ Hcp IrXn-bm-Wv. Zm¿inIsØfnabv°p AXp am{Xw]Tn-®m¬ aXn. AXp-am{Xw aw sNbvXm¬ aXn. AXn¬ kuµ-cy-Øns‚ DØpw-K-am-bn-cn-°p∂ Ap-`q-Xn-bp-≠v. AXnse Hmtcmhm°pw ae-bm-f-`m-j-bpsS Xn-a-bn¬n∂pw ]ngn-s™-Sp-Øn-´p-≈-Xm-Wv. A{Xbpw kpj-abp≈ hm°p-Iƒ Hcp-]t£ n߃°v -ae-bm-f-Ønse ka-kvX-I-hn-X-IsfSpØp hmbn-®mepw Is≠-Øm≥ Ign-bp-Ibn-√. F¥p-sIm-≠m-Wn-ßs C{Xbpw √-hÆw IhnX Fgp-Xm≥Ign-™n´pw D≈q-cn-s-t∏msebpw h≈-tØm-fn-s-t∏m-sebpwalm-Im-hy-߃ Fgp-Xm≥ t]mImsX Aev]w Ihn-XIfn¬ B≤ym- - -fln-IXbpsS NmcpX am{Xw nt£-]n®v Kpcp HXp-ßn-°q-Sn-bsX∂p - - -tNmZn-®p-t]m-Imw. an°-hmdpw Ihn-Xz-ap-≈h¿ Fs∂∂pw Fgp-Xn- - 18
  • 19. s°m-≠n-cn-°pw. Ah¿°v Fgp-Øns XSp-°m≥ Ign-bm-dn-√.F∂m¬ KpcphmIs´ hmNwbanbmWv. Ah-kcØnepw A-h- - -k-cØnepw hmcnhen®v Fgp-Xn-°q-´n-bn-´n-√. Fgp-Xn-bn-´p-≈sX√mw - -apØp-IƒX-s∂bmWv, cXv߃X-s∂-bm-W.v AXp-sIm-≠v Ωƒ -A[nIw ]Tn-t°-≠. Ipd®v ]Tn-®m¬ aXn. B Ipd-®p-≈Xn¬Xs∂ -A-¥amb kmKcw HXp-°n-h®n-´p-≠v. - - AØcØn¬ tm°nbm¬ Po h-cXva-RvPcn kmK-c-Øns‚ Bghpw BIm- i - Ø ns‚ Hu∂- X yhpw Hcp- t ]mseDƒt®¿∂n-cn-°p∂ Hcp IrXn-bm-Wv. Cu IrXn-sb-°p-dn®v C{X-sbms° apJ-hp-c-bmbn ]d-™p-sIm≠vv CXns‚ A¿∞w a- n-em-°p-∂-tXm-sSm-∏w-Xs∂ CXn¬ Aev]w Ap-`qXn Pn-∏n-°p∂ kµ¿`-߃ Ds≠-¶n¬ AXpw pW-™p-sIm≠v ap°pIrXn-bn-te°p IS-°mw.lrZb]pWvUcoIØnse cXvØnf°w 19
  • 20. H∂v H∂mb ama-Xn-bn¬ n∂m-bncw {Xn]pSn h∂mip X≥aXn ad˛ ∂∂m-Zn-bn¬ {]nb-ap-b¿∂m-Semw IS-en˛ sem∂mbn hoWp hebpw F∂m-ibw KXn-s]dpw mZ-`q-an-bne˛ a¿∂m-hn-cm` ]Scpw Nn∂m-`n-bn¬ {Xn]p-Sn-sb-∂m-W-dpw-]Sn Ie¿∂m-dn-Sp∂p Po!H∂mb ˛ GIhpwama-Xn-bn¬n∂v ˛ A-¥hp-amb t_m-[Øn¬n∂v - - -Bbncw ˛ FÆnbmsemSpßmØ{Xn]pSn h∂p ˛ Adn-bp-∂-h≥, Adn-b-s∏-Sp∂ hkvXp, Adn-b¬ F∂ Xc-Øn¬ aq∂v CX-fp-I- tfm-Sp-Iq-Snb t`Z-Nn-¥-Iƒ D≠m-Ip-∂p.Bip ˛ DS-SnX∑Xn ad∂v ˛ kzcq-]-t_m[w ad∂vA∂m-Zn-bn¬ ˛ `£Ww XpSßnb -t`m-Kß-fn¬{]nb-ap-b¿∂v ˛ XmXv]cyw h¿≤n-®p-h∂vBSemw IS-en¬ ˛ ZpxJ-]q¿Æ-amb kwkm-c-°-S-en¬H∂mbn ˛ BIthhoWphebpw ˛ hoWp t¢in-°pIbWvF≥ Bibw ˛ Fs‚ A¥-°-cWw.Po ˛ A√tbm PK-Øns‚ AtΩ,KXn-s]dpw ˛ ap‡n°p tlXp-hmbmZ-`q-an-bn¬ ˛ mZ-a-WvU-e-Øn¬Aa¿∂v ˛ hne-bn®vBhncm`]Scpw ˛ Bfl-ssN-Xyw {]k-cn-°p∂Nn∂m-`n-bn¬ ˛ t_m[-tI-{µ-Øn¬{Xn]pSn ˛ aq∂mbv ]ncn-bp∂ Cu t`Z-Nn¥-IƒF∂mWv ˛ F∂mWvAdpw-]-Sn-I-e¿∂v ˛ apgp-h-mbn hne-bn®pXo¿∂vBdn-Sp∂p ˛ {]im-¥nsb ssIh-cn-°p-∂-Xv? 20
  • 21. AΩ-bpsS D◊ Adn-hns‚ sXfna mcmbWKpcphns‚ Aykpµcamb Cu B≤ymflnIIhØn¬ hnizPnsbbmWv kvXpXn°p∂Xv. ]ca]pcpjm¿∞amb ap‡n°pth≠n Zmln°p∂ {]m¿∞bpw IqSn-bm-Wn-Xv. Zm¿inIhpw AtXkabw `‡nn¿`chpamb Cu IhnXsNm√pt¥mdpw apjylrZbØn¬ Nn¥IfpsS XcwKsshIeyßsf√mw ASßn a v tZhnbpsS im¥amb lrZb]pWvUcoIØn¬ kzkvXnsIm≈p∂p. AXmWv Po hcXvaRvPcn.CXv Be]n®p t]mIptºmƒ CsXmcp shdpw Bem]ambnØocp∂n√. CXnencn°p∂ cXvw ΩpsS D≈n¬ tim`n°p∂Bfl{]`bmbn amdp∂p. Bhncm` ]Scpw Nn∂m-`n-bn¬ {Xn]pSnF∂m- W v Adpw]Sn Ie¿∂v Bdn- S p∂p, Pn? CsXmcp{]m¿∞mn¿`-c-amb tNmZy-am-Wv. Cu t«mIØns‚ AhkmØn¬ hnizPnbmb AΩtbmSp tNmZn°pIbmWv, ns‚B ⁄mal n¬ Rm≥ IpXn¿∂n√mXmbn, Fs‚ AkvXnXsb√mw ns‚ AkvXnXbmbn amdn, Fs‚ ZpxJßsf√mwn∂nse BµkcnØmbn amdn, F∂nse hn`mKobXIsf√mwns‚ ku`mKyßfmbn amdn PohnXsØ [yX nd™Xm°p∂B nXyqXnanjw F∂mWtΩ F∂n¬ kw`hn°p∂Xv?F{X atm⁄amb {]m¿∞! km[mcWbmbn mw {]m¿∞n°p∂Xp Xp—-amb temIhnjb߃ Fs¥¶nepsams° tSnsbSp°mmbn-cn-°pw. F∂menXvAØ-c-Øn-semcp {]m¿∞--b-√. Zm¿i-n-I-amb Dƒ°m-gvN-bm¬Xnf-°-ap-‰nb lrZ-¥Øn¬n∂mWv Cu {]m¿∞ {]`-hn-°p-∂-Xv. AXp-sIm-≠p-Xs∂ Cu {]m¿∞ Ime-tZ-i-_m-[n-X-a-√.GXp-Im-eØpw GXp tZiØpw D≈-h¿°v Cu {]m¿∞--bpsSAΩ-bpsS D◊ Adn-hns‚ sXfna 21
  • 22. A¥-cm¿∞-߃ Bizm-k-ta-Ip-∂-h-bm-Wv. {]m¿∞--I-fn¬F√mw-Xs∂ AKm-[amb Ap-`q-Xn-bpsS nd-hn-te-°p≈ A`n-hmRvObp-≠v. Imfn-µn-bpsS aW¬Øn-´Ifn¬ {]W-bm¿ØI-fmb tKm]n-I- - -am¿ h∂n-cp-∂p ]mSnb KoX-ßfn¬ Cu {]m¿∞-bpsS apKv[am- - - -[pcyw ap-°p-`hn-°m-m-Ipw. tkmf-as‚ DØ-aKo-Xßfn¬ Cu - - - - -Ap-`q-Xn-hn-tijw Z¿in-°m-m-hpw. Ipcn-ins‚ tbml-∂m-≥ Fgp-Xnb Bfl-Ko-Xßfn¬ Cu {]m¿∞-bpsS lrZyX ap°p pW- - - -bm-m-Ipw. djy≥ anÃn°p-IfpsS hnip≤ {]m¿∞-m-Ko-XßfpsS - - -kam-lm-camb ^ntem-Im-en-bbn¬ Cu {]m¿∞-bpsS A¥¿[z- - - -n-Iƒ nln-Xam-bn-°n-S°p-∂p-≠v. thcmb n≥ Ig-en¬ Bcm- - -[w XcWw Bcm¬ CXn-s∂mcp hcw, tcmbn h∂n-SpI thdm-cp-an√ KXn tl, cmP-tbm-KPo... Cu hcn-Ifn¬ Kpcp-hns‚ cN- - - - --bpsS khn-ti-jK‘w Xßn-n¬°p-∂p. - {]m¿∞-Iƒ Km-ßfmbn amdp-tºmgpw Ah-bn-se√mw kp_-≤- - -amb Hcp imkv{XobX Kpcp nth-in-∏n-°m-dp-≠.v AXp-sIm≠v apjys‚NnØw iIenXam°]s∏Sp∂Xv FßsbmsW∂v BZywFSpØp]dbp∂p. AXmbXv Zm¿inIamb Dƒ°mgvNtbmsS Hcp{]ivsØ ]d-™p-sIm-≠v XpS-ßp-∂p. H∂mb almta[bn¬n∂vBbnc°W°np {Xn]pSnIƒ s]m¥n hcp∂p. B smSnbn¬Xs∂ap°p kzmflhnkvarXn D≠mIp∂p. ]ns∂ A∂Ønepw s]m∂nepwBWnepw s]Ænepw aÆnepw {]nbmkzmZ߃ Db¿∂p hcp∂p.AXp a ns BSemw IS-en¬ H∂mbn hoWp-hebv°p∂p. -CØcØn¬ thZ Xn∂p∂ a v KXn-s]dpw mZ-`q-an-bn¬ Aa¿∂vF∂mWv Adpw-]Sn Ie¿∂v BdnSp∂Xv, AtΩ? NqSp≈ Nmb XWp°phm≥th≠n hbv°mdp≠v. NqSp≈t∏mƒIpSn°m≥ {]bmkamWv. AXpt]mse {]m]©nIamb F√mAp`hßfpw Ωfn¬ k¥m]sØ D≠m°p∂p. k¥m]w F∂p]d™m¬ ZpxJw. F√m ZpxJØnpw Xm]ap≠v, NqSp≠v. Bk¥m]ßsf√mw, B DjvWßsf√mw D]ian®v XnI®pw lrZy-amb Hcp pØ Ap-`q-Xn-bn¬ mw hne-bn-°Ww. tZhnbpsS -lrZbw XWpØXmWv. pØXmWv. Pohs‚ k¥m-]-ßsfapgph≥ sISp-Øm≥ t]mcp∂ Pem-ibkZriamb kz—XbmWXv.AXnte°mWv Kpcp Ωsf Bbn°p∂Xv. 22
  • 23. CXnse Hmtcm hm°pw nL-≠p-hn¬ ]dbp∂ A¿∞Øn∏pdtØ°p IS∂p t]mIp∂XmWv. AXpsIm≠p nL-≠p-am{Xw D]tbmKn®v t«mIØns‚ A¿∞w ]dbm≥ {ian°pIb√ChnsS sNøp∂Xv. ]WvUnX∑m¿°v CXns‚ A¿∞w Hmtcmhm°npwtsc XØpeyambn FgpXnhbv°m≥ Ignbpsa¶nepwB hm°ns‚ A¿∞w AßsbmIWsa∂n√. ‘F∂mibw’F∂p ]dbptºmƒ F¥mWv Bibw F∂p ktµlw hcmw.Bibw F∂m¬ sFUnb. em£WnIambn Aßs ]dbmw.sFUnb F∂p ]d™m¬ F¥mWv? A¥°cWØn¬ hrØn-cq-]Øn¬ kw`hn°p∂sX¥pw sFUnbIfmWv. a v, _p≤n, -NnØw, Al¶mcw Ch-bmWv A¥°cW߃. Cu A¥°cWßfn¬ Bhn¿`hn°p∂sX¥pw sFUnbIfmWv. hmk-Iƒ -ibn-°p∂ CS-amWv Bi-bw. At∏mƒ a ns apgphpw FSpØvBibw F∂p ]dbp∂p. F∂mibw KXns]dpw ˛ Fns°∂mWp _‘hnap‡nD≠mIp∂Xv? KXns]dpI F∂p ]d™m¬ tam£{]m]vXnD≠mhpI F∂mW¿∞w. mZ`qanbn¬ Aa¿∂v˛BflmhmIp∂mZ`qanbn¬ Aa¿∂v . mZ`qan XnI®pw Be¶mcnIhpwBp`qXnIhpamb Hcp ]ZamWv. AXp cpNn-°p-hm≥ ΩpsS D≈n¬Aev]w IhnlrZbw thWw. EjnIsf√mw IhnIfpw IqSnbmWv.Ejn°v ]mSmt IgnbpIbp≈q. ]dbm≥ Adn™pIqSm. ]d™m¬AXp ho¨hm°mbn t]mIptam F∂ `bw Ejn°p≠v. AXpsIm≠vEjn ]mSp∂p. Ejn KmbImWv. KmbImbXpsIm≠mWv`Khms‚ Kmw `KhZvKoXbmbn amdnbXv. KoX Hcp KmamWv. Kpcphns‚ Km]obqjamWv Po hcXvaRvPcn. CXns‚io¿jIwt]mepw lrZbØn¬ Aev ] amb Ap`qXnsbPn∏n°p∂p. Kpcphns‚ EjnXzw AXns‚ ]q¿ÆXbn¬FØnn¬°ptºmƒ kw`hn® H∂mWv Po hcXvaRvPcn.mw CXns kao]nt°≠Xpw _p≤n]camb HctzjWwam{Xamb√, Bp`qXnIambncn°p∂, lrZbØns‚ hiØneqtSbpw Atzjnt°≠Xmbn´p≠v. lrZbØns‚ arZpXzwCXns‚ Hmtcm hm°nepw kv ] µn®pn¬°p∂p. F∂m¬_p≤nbpsS kq£vaXbn¬ kq£vaXbp≈ `mKßfpw CXn¬ImWmw. Ch c≠ntbpw kazbn∏n°p∂ Hcp Akm[mcWambAΩ-bpsS D◊ Adn-hns‚ sXfna 23
  • 24. krjvSnhntijw CXn¬ ]cnekn°p∂p. Fs¥mcp k¿§mflIambcN-m-kp-ja! Kpcphns‚ Hcp IrXnbpw n mcam°m≥ Ignbp∂X√.Po hcXvaRvPcn Hcn°epw n mcam°n°fbm≥ Ignbn√. HcΩ Ft∂mSp tNmZn®p: “hmkvXhØn¬ F¥mWv amXrXzw?Po hcXvaRvPcnbn¬ amXrXzsØ°pdn®v Fs¥¶nepw]dbp∂pt≠m? F√mhcnepw Aßs Hcp tNmZyw D≠mImn Sbp≠v.Pn F∂m¬ AΩ. ap°p ]cnNnXamb AΩ Ωsf {]khn®AΩbmWv . Ωsf hf¿Øns°m≠ph∂ AΩsb°pdn®pap°dnbmw. ]ecptSbpw AΩam¿ ]eXcØnep≈XmWv. Nne¿hfsc kvtlakrWcmb AΩamcmbncn°pw. Nne¿ Ft∏mgpwtZjys∏´psIm≠ncn°p∂ AΩamcmbncn°pw. Ip´nIsf iImcn°pIbpw Ah-tcmSp hg°Sn°pIbpw H®hbv°pIbpw sNøp∂ AΩamscap°dnbmw. Ip´nIfpsS sNdnb Bhiyßsft∏mepw AhKWn°pIbpw X≈n°fbpIbpw Ip´nIsf ]p—n°pIbpw nµn°pIbpwsNøp∂ AΩamsc°pdn®pw ap°dnbmw. F∂m¬ Ip™ns‚Bflmhns‚ F√m BhiyIXItfbpw F√m kzmX{¥yßtfbpwAphZn®p sImSpØp ]cnt]mjn∏n°p∂ AΩ-am-cp-ap≠v. Ah¿ Ip™p-ßsf IqsS-°qsS iImcn°pI-bn-√. kvtlØns‚ hnimeambncn°p∂ Hcp s]mbvIt]msebmWv Ah¿. hmkvXhØn¬ F¥mWv amXrXzw? Hcp Ip™ns {]khn®m¬AΩbmbnØocptam? kv{XoIsf am{XamtWm AΩ F∂p]dbp∂Xv ? ]pcpjnepw amXrXzant√? Cßsbp≈tNmZyßsfms° ap°p≠mImw. AXpsIm≠v amXrXzwhmkvXhØn¬ Ip™ns {]khn®XpsImt≠m Ip™nshf¿ØnbXpsImt≠m am{Xw kv{Xobn¬ kw`hn°p∂ H∂√.amXrXzw hnimeambncn°p∂ kvtlØns‚, kzoImcyXbpsS,klmp`qXnbpsS, klnjvWpXbpsS XeamWv. AXp kv{Xobnepw]pcpjnepw D≠mImw. AXp kv{XotbmSp am{Xw _‘n∏n®pa nem°p∂Xv DØaa√. ]pcpjtmSpw _‘n∏n®p ap°Xpa nem°mw. amXrXzsØ kvss{XWXbpamtbm ]ucpjhpamtbm_‘n∏nt°≠ Bhiyan√. Hcp Kpcphn¬ amXrXzØns‚]q¿ØoIcWw ap°p ImWm≥ Ignbpw. Kpcp kv{Xotbm ]pcpjtmBtWm? kv{Xoicocw D≠mbncn°mw Nnet∏mƒ. Nnet∏mƒ]pcpjicocw D≠mbncn°mw. F∂mepw Kpcp kv{Xotbm ]pcpjtm 24
  • 25. A√. kv{Xosb∂pw ]pcpjs∂pw ]dbp∂Xp _mlyamb ico-c-LSbpsS kz`mhw tm°nbmWv. - - - F∂m¬ Kpcp Bflmhn¬ Ayambncn°p∂XpsIm≠v,Bflmhv kv{Xotbm ]pcpjtm F∂p ap°p ]dbm≥ IgnbmØXpsIm≠,v Bflmhv k¿hhym]nbmbncn°p∂XpsIm≠,v BflmhnvAssIyan√mØXpsIm≠,v Bflmhv k¿∆tØbpw kamt«jn°p∂ H∂mbncn°p∂XpsIm≠v Kpcphns kv { Xosbt∂m]pcpjst∂m hyht—Zn°m≥ IgnbpIbn√. At∏mƒ HcpKpcphntbpw kv{Xosbt∂m ]pcpjst∂m D≈ a-t m-Sp-IqSnkao]n°p∂Xv DNnXambncn°pIbn√. {iocmaIrjvW ]calwkscbmbmepw {iomcmbWKpcphnsbmbmepw caWal¿jnsbbmbmepw imcZmtZhnsbbmbmepw aocm_mbnsbbmbmepwAßs kao]n°p∂Xv icnbmbncn°pIbn√. GsXmcp km∂n≤yØnemtWm ΩpsS D≈nse F√mØcØnepap≈ IevajßfpwsshIeyßfpw AkzmX{¥yßfpw Agn™pt]mIp∂Xv B Hcpkm∂n≤yamWp amXrXzw. kqcyIncWßfpsS Dujv a fXbn¬ a™pIW߃DcpInt∏mIp∂Xpt]mse amXrXzØn¬ kIehn[Ønep≈ZpxJßfpw AssIyßfpw _mjv ] oIcn®pt]mIp∂p.AXns‚sbms° kmamyamb emRvObmWv km[mcWAΩamcn¬ ImWp∂Xv. AXp amXrXzØns‚ ]cnanXamb XeamWv,amXrXzØns‚ ]q¿ÆXb√. F∂mepw ap°Xp sNdnb tXmXn¬ChnSsØ AΩamcn¬ ImWmmIpw. Ip™p߃°v AΩamcpambn´p≈ _‘w FSpØptm°pIbmsW¶n¬ A—t°mƒAΩbnte°v Hc`ncaw IqSpX¬ ImWp∂p≠v. AΩtbmSplrZbw ]¶phbv°m≥ Ip´nIƒ°p s]mSp∂s Ignbpw. ]t£,A—tmSXp IgnbpIbn√. AΩbpsS apºn¬ F¥v sX‰pImWn°phmpw Ip™nv aSnbn√. AΩbv°Xp a nem°m≥Ignbpsa∂p Ip™ndnbmw. A—Xp Nnet∏mƒ a nem°m≥IgnbpIbn√. A—s Ip™p `bs∏Sp∂p≠v. AΩsb Ip™p`bs∏Sp∂n√. amXrXzØns‚ Nne e£WßfmWnh. FhnsS`bapt≠m AhnsS amXrXzan√. Ip™nv F¥nse¶nepw `bwD≠mIp∂ps≠¶n¬ AhnsS amXrXzan√.AΩ-bpsS D◊ Adn-hns‚ sXfna 25
  • 26. ssZhsØ Ωƒ `bs∏Sp∂ps≠¶n¬ B ssZhw icnbmbn´p≈ ssZha√. ssZhw amXrXzØns‚ ]q¿ÆXbmsW¶n¬ΩpsS D≈n¬ AsXmcn°epw `bw Pn∏n°pIbn√. F∂m¬{InkvXpaXØn¬ G‰hpw `‡mbncn°p∂ Hcmƒ ssZhsØ`b°p∂hmbncn°Ww F∂p ]dbmdp≠v. C…mwaXØnepwAßsXs∂bmWv. A≈mlp ImcpWyhmpw Zbm]cpambncnptºmgpw Hcp `bw hnizmknIƒ°p≈nep≠v. lnµpaXØnepw]ebnSßfnepw Aßssbms° ImWp∂p≠v . F∂m¬AssZzXthZm¥Øn¬ Iptd°qSn hy‡Xbp≈ Bflmp`hsØ°pdn®p ]dbptºmƒ n¿`bXzamWv {_“w F∂p ]dbp∂p.A`bw ssh {_“ ˛ `ban√mØ AhÿbmWv {_“w. FhnsS`bw Dt≠m AhnsS ssZhw C√. F¥psIm≠mWp {InkvXpaXØn¬ ssZhsØ t]Sn°WwF∂p ]dbm≥ ImcWw? AhnsS ssZhw A—mWv. Hcp ]nXmhns‚ÿmamWv ssZhØnp sImSpØncn°p∂Xv. A—∑msc ap°p]et∏mgpw `bamWv. A—s Ωƒ `bs∏Sp∂XpsIm≠vssZhsØbpw `bs∏Sp∂p. A—s‚ Im¿°iyw ssZhØns‚bpwIm¿°iyambnØocp∂p. AXpsIm≠v ssZhsØ AΩbmbn°mWp∂XmWv Al¥sb n¿aqeam°mmbn G‰hpw √ D]mbw.Hc—s‚ apºn¬ ΩpsS Al¥sb mw IfbpIbn√. F∂m¬AΩbpsS apºn¬ Al¥sb ASnbdhbv°m≥ Hcp _p≤nap´pwD≠mhn√. AXpsIm≠v ssZhØnv amXrXzsØ Iev]n°p∂XvAl¥bpsS timjWØnv hfsc D]Icn°p∂ Hcp coXnbmWv.`mcXØnemWv B coXn IqSpX¬ I≠p hcp∂Xv. ssN°mcpsSXmthm amXrXzØns‚ ]q¿ÆXbmWv. Xmthmbnte°v ΩƒAen™ptNcpIbmWv. Xmthm AΩbmWv. Xmthm A—-√. XmthmBImiØnt‚bpw `qanbptSbpw amXmhmWv . A¥ambPohcminIfpsS PnbmWv . D]njØpw C°mcywka¿∞n°p∂p: “btXm hm Camn `qXmn Pmbt¥ tb PmXmn Poh¥n bXv{]b¥y`nkwhni¥n.” GsXm∂n¬n∂p Cu `qXPmeßsfms° D≠mIp∂pthm 26
  • 27. GsXm∂n¬ CsX√mw nen¬°p∂pthm GsXm∂nte°pXncn®p ebn°p∂pthm B H∂ns o AdnbWw. CXmWvD]njØns‚ {]Jym]w. CXn¿∞w PKZw_sb AdnbWw,amXrXzsØ AdnbWw, Bflmhns AdnbWw F∂mWv.km[mcW PohnXØn¬ C{Xbpw hnimeamb amXrXzØns‚ImgvN∏mSv ap°p In´mnSbn√. Ct∏mƒ AΩam¿ Ip´nIsf{]khn°p∂Xpt]mepw hfsc `mcap≈ Hcp sXmgnembnIcpXnØpSßn. F{Xtbm kv { XoIƒ hnhmlØnptijw{]khn°m≥ sshapJyw ImWn°p∂p. {]khn°p∂XpXs∂ Xs‚imcocnI kuµcyØnp £Xw hcpØpsa∂p≈ t]SnsIm≠vkzm`mhnIamb {]khsØ nckn®v kntk-dn-b≥ SØn Ip´nsb]pdsØSp°pw. amXrXztØ°mƒ imcocnIamb kuµcyamWpXn°v {]m[mysa∂p hcp∂ kmaqlnI kmwkv I mcnIA¥co£Øn¬ Pohn°p∂ Hcp kv{Xobn¬ amXrXzØns‚timjWw hfsc {ZpXKXnbn¬ kw`hn®psIm≠ncn°pIbmWv.am{Xa√, Hcp Ip™ns {]khn®pIgn™m¬ B Ip™n¬]q¿Æambn A¿∏n®p Pohn°m≥ Ignbp∂ HcΩ C∂n√. B Ip™np ]mepsImSp°ptam? sImSp°n√. kvXywsImSpØm¬ F¥mWp kw`hn°pI? kvXyw sImSpØm¬kvXßfpsS BImckpja jvSs∏Spsa∂v Ah¿ `b°p∂p.kv{Xo kzbw hnNmcn°p∂Xv Xs‚ imcocnIkuµcyamWv]pcpjs‚ BI¿jWØnv nZmw F∂mWv. C°mcWØm¬X∂nse amXrXzsØ am‰nn¿Øn imcocnIkuµcysØnen¿Øphmpw imizXoIcn°phmpw {ian°p∂ I]SambkmaqlnI A¥co£ØnemWv Ct∏mƒ mw Pohn°p∂Xv.AXpsIm≠v Po hcXvaRvPcn FSp°ptºmƒ amXrXzwHmtcmcpØcpsS D≈nepw hnIkn∏ns®Spt°≠p∂ k¿∆kzoImcyXbpsS, ]q¿Æm¿∏WØns‚ Hcp hnime`qanIbmbnamdWw. AsXmcp Ip™ns {]khn®m¬ am{Xw D≠mIp∂X√.]Øp s]‰mepw kw`hn°p∂X√. CXmWv Kpcp ]d™pXcp∂H∂mb amaXn. aXn F∂ hm°nv Hcp]mSp A¿∞ßfp≠v. aXn F∂p Ωƒ]dbmdp≠v. AΩ tNmdn´pXcptºmƒ Ωƒ aXn, aXn F∂p]dbpw. CXv B aXnb√. Cn thsdmcp aXnbp≠;v ]naXn˛AΩ-bpsS D◊ Adn-hns‚ sXfna 27
  • 28. N{µ°e. ChnSsØ aXn t_m[amWv . Cu t_m[mw_sbXs∂bmWv F√mhcpw Xncbp∂Xv. tbip injy∑mtcmSp]d™p: “Atzjn°phn≥ Is≠Øpw?” Atzjn°msXH∂pwXs∂ In´pIbn√. HcpZnhkw Fn°v Bfl⁄mwD≠mIpw F∂p IcpXn NpΩm Ccp∂mtem? NpΩmbncp∂m¬Ωƒ Ccn°p∂ {]XeØns‚ ASnbn¬ ]p√p apfbv°pwF∂√msX thsd H∂pw kw`hn°pIbn√. F√m apjycpw PohnXØn¬ Fs¥m-s°tbm Atzjn°p∂p≠v . ]e¿°pw Ah¿ Atzjn°p∂Xns°pdn®vhy‡amb [mcWIƒ H∂pwXs∂bn√. BZyw IÆn¬s∏Sp∂{]nb-hkXp-hns As√-¶n¬ {]nb-hy-‡nsb Hcph≥ kz¥am°n - vAp`hn°m≥ B{Kln°p∂p. Ipd®pmƒ Ignbptºmƒ B Ap-`hw Ahp hnckambnØocp∂p. hnc-kXbpw aSp∏pw shdp∏pw -h¿≤n-°p-tºmƒ Ipd®pIqSn ckap≈ H∂ns Ah≥ Xncbp∂p.AXp ]W-Øn-te°pw ]Z-hn-bn-te°pw AwKo-Im-cØn-te°pw kuµ- -cy-Øn-te°pw cXn-bn-te°pw hym]n-°p-∂p. CXmWv Pohs‚{]bmWKXn. Cu ckmtzjWØnv Fs∂¶nepw Hc¥ywD≠mbncn°ptam? km[mcW PohnXho£WØneqsS tm°pIbmsW¶n¬,Cu ck߃ amdnamdn h∂psIm≠ncn°p∂tXbp≈q.CXnsmc¥yw ImWp∂n√. AXpsIm≠v thsdsbmcpkcWnbneqsS, thsdsbmcp ho£WØneqsS ck߃s°√mwHcp ]q¿ØoIcWw kw`hn°p∂ XcØn¬ ap°v HctzjWwSØp∂Xv DNnXambncn°pw. Bcpw km[mcW KXnbn¬A ØcØn¬ Nn¥n°mdn√. PohnXkpJw Fs∂¶nepw]q¿ÆXtbmsS Ap`hn°m≥ Ignbptam? GsX¶nepw HcpkpJw Ap`hn°ptºmƒ Cn H∂pw Ap`hnt°≠Xn√ F∂ptXm∂p∂ Hcp`hw D≠mIptam? D≠mIpsa¶n¬ AXnp≈hgn F¥mWv? AtzjWw GXp ZnibnemtWm AXnpkrXambmWvhgn cq]s∏´p hcnI. AXpsIm≠v ]q¿Æmp`hØnte°p≈hgn nehnep≈ ΩpsS ImgvN∏mSneqsS Is≠Ømhp∂X√.{]tXyIn®pw Ct∏m- g sØ hnZym`ymkØneqsS ap°XpIn´pIbn√. B[pnI imkv{XØns‚ hgnbneqsS Atzjn 28
  • 29. ®mepw In´pIbn√. ]pkv X I߃ hmbn®p tSmsa∂phnNmcn®mepw AXp Ipsdsbms° hnhc߃ (information) am{XtaXcn-I-bp≈q. ]ns∂ F¥mWv Cßssbmcp BµØns‚ ]q¿ÆXssIhcn°mp≈ D]mbw? B hgn Kpcphns‚ hgnbmWv .AXnmbn Hcp Kpcphns‚ ]mXbneqsS k©cnt°≠n hcpw.lrZbØn¬n∂pw DW¿∂p hcp∂ hm°pIƒsIm≠mWv HcpkXyPn⁄mkphnp Kpcp Xs‚ D≈n¬ nd™ncn°p∂BµsØ ]I¿∂psImSp°p∂Xv. AXp IhnXbmbn hcp∂p.AXp atm⁄amb Imhy_nw_ßfneqsS BhnjvIcn°s∏Sp∂p.AX p tIƒ°p∂ am{Xbn¬ {i≤mep°fpsS D≈n¬Ddßn°nS°p∂ Bflmhns‚ hnPrw`Ww D≠mIp∂p. AXpsXfnabp≈ Pew ]mbens t`Zn®p Zriy-amIp∂Xpt]mse, ]c-am-µm-p-`q-Xn-ck{]-hm-lam-bn _ln¿K-an-°p∂p. CXmWv Hmtcm - - - -Kpcphnt‚bpw hmWnIsf {i≤tbmsS lrZbØn¬ H∏n-sb-Sp°ptºmƒ Ωn¬ kw`hn°p∂ ]cnh¿Øw. {iomcmbWKpcp Aßsbp≈ ]q¿Æ{]⁄mb HcpKpcphmbncp∂p. Kpcphns‚ AtIw IrXnIfn¬ hfschninjvSamb Hcp IrXnbmWv Po hcXvaRvPcn. GsX¶nepwHcp {]tXyI hn`mKØnte°p am‰n n¿Øn CXv C∂XcØnep≈IrXnbmsW∂p kv]jvSambn ]dbphm≥ IgnbpIbn√. km[mcWKXn-bn¬ hn`Pw SØp∂Xv kvtXm{X-IrXnsbt∂m {]t_m[mflIIrXnt∂m Zm¿inIIrXnsbt∂m Hs°-bm-W.v F∂m¬Po hcXvaRvPcn Aß-s-sbm∂pw {]tXyIn®p hn`Pn®p]dbm≥ IgnbmØ Hcp IrXnbmWv . CXn¬ ⁄map≠v ,`‡nbp≠v, I¿Ωap≠v, tbmKap≠v, X{¥ap≠v, mZebap≠v.F√mw Cu IrXnbn¬ A¥¿eoambncn°p∂p. hnizPn F∂p ]dbptºmƒ GXp XcØnep≈A¿∞amWv ΩpsS D≈n¬ kv^pcn°p∂Xv? {]]©Ønep≈F√m hkvXp°ƒ°pw Hcp ImcWw thWat√m? AßsbmWvapjya v Nn¥n°p∂Xv . apjya nv GsXm∂nsI≠mepw AXns‚ ImcWw F¥msW∂dnbWw. ImcWwAdn™ns√¶n¬ Ah≥ AkzÿmIpw. As√¶n¬ ImcWwAdnbp∂Xphsc Ah≥ Atzjn®psIm≠ncn°pw. AtzjWAΩ-bpsS D◊ Adn-hns‚ sXfna 29
  • 30. Øns‚ XpS°w kwibØn¬ n∂mWv. kwibans√¶n¬AtzjWw C√. {]tXyIn®pw apjycn¬ kwibw hfscBgØn¬Xs∂ thcq∂n InS°p∂p≠v. Hcp Ip™v Pn°p∂XpXs∂ kwibtØmSpIqSnbmWv.Ahs‚ apºn¬ ImWp∂ temIsØ Ah≥ kwibn°p∂p. BkwibØn¬n∂v Ah≥ B temIsØ Adnbm≥ B{Kln°p∂p. ImWp∂ hkvXp°sfsb√mw Ah≥ tNmZyw sNbvXpsIm≠ncn°p∂p. A—n¬n∂pw AΩbn¬n∂pw A≤ym-]I- -cn¬n∂pw Iq´pImcn¬ n∂psams° Ah≥ Htcm∂ns °pdn®pwAtzjn®dn™psIm≠ncn°p∂p. Ahs‚ Is≠ØepIƒ Ahp]q¿ÆX ¬ImXncn°ptºmƒ ho≠pw Ah≥ Adnbphm≥{ian®psIm≠ncn°p∂p. Cßsbp≈ Cu AtzjWw F√mapjycnepw ImWp∂p≠v. ap-jy-cn¬ am{X-a√ Poh-Pm-eßfnepw - -ImWp-∂p-≠.v PohPmeßfn¬ AXp {]ISamIp∂Xv kpJ߃Atzjn°p∂ coXnbnemWv. Hcp Pohn°pw AkpJIcambncn°p∂A¥co£Øn¬ Pohn°m≥ IgnbpIbn√. kpJIcambncn°p∂A¥co£Øntebv°v AXp s]mbvs°m≠ncn°p∂Xp ImWmw.Hcp sNSn shbn¬ C√mØnSØmWp nev°p∂sX¶n¬ kqcys‚shfn®w FhnsSbpt≠m AhntS°v AXv CeIsf o´no´nshfn®sØ FØn∏nSn°phm≥ {ian°p∂p. sNSn°p shfn®ØntmSp≈ A`nhmRv O kpJØntmSp≈ Imw£bmbn´pa nem°Ww. tZimS∏£nIƒ Imemhÿmt`Zapkcn®vtZimSw SØns°m≠ncn°p∂p. AXpw kpJmtzjWØns‚`mKamWv. GXv Pohn°pw kpJØnte°p≈ BI¿jWap≠v. apjypwkpJØnp th≠nbp≈ Xzcbp≠v. apjys‚ XeØnte°phcptºmƒ AXv Adnhns‚ aWv U eØnep≈ AtzjWambnØocp∂p. apjys‚ Cu AtzjWØn¬n∂mWvimkv { Xkmt¶- X n- I X C∂p _rlØmb XcØnep≈hnIkambn amdns°m≠n- c n- ° p- ∂ - X v . {]IrXn ap- j ypIn™pX∂n´p≈ hkvXp°sfm∂pw Ahp aXnbmImsXhcptºmƒ {]IrXnsb H∂pIqSn Ii-°n-sb-SpØv Xn-°p-Kp- -W- a mb coXn- b n¬ D]- t bm- K n- ° m≥ {ian°p∂XnsbmWvimkv{Xw F∂p ]dbp∂Xv. {]IrXn Ahp sImSpØn´p≈ 30
  • 31. ImepsIm≠v S°p∂Xnt°mƒ IqSpX¬ S°m≥ B{Klwhcptºmƒ B Imenp ]Icw hbv°m≥ Ah≥ Is≠Øp∂XmWv Imfh≠n. B Imfh≠nbpsS hnIkn-Xcq-]amWvv Im¿. - -Imdns‚ Ipd-®p-IqSn hnI-kn-X-amb cq]-amWvv I∏epw hnam-hpsams°. Aßs tm°p-tºmƒ {]IrXn ap°v F¥v X∂n´pt≠mAXns H∂p hnI-kn∏nbv°p∂XmWv imkv{Xw. F∂n´pw Cuimkv{XØns‚ AtzjWØn¬ ap-jy≥ kwXr]vX√.ssIsIm≠v FSp°mpw sImSp°mpw Ignbp∂Xp t]mcmsXhcptºmƒ Ah≥ ssIbpsS [¿Ωw n¿hln°p∂ sajndnD≠m°p∂p. ]ns∂ sajn-dn-sIm≠v ssIbns‚ [¿Ωw n¿hln -°p∂p. ssIsIm≠v Hcp Znhkw qdp km[߃ FSpØpsImSp°m≥ Ignbp∂ps≠¶n¬ ]Xnmbncw km[߃ FSpØpsImSp°m≥ Ignbp∂ b{¥w Ah≥ n¿Ωn°p∂p. Nm¿en Nmπns‚ ‘tamtU¨ ssSwkv ’F∂ knn-abn¬ b{¥- -h-¬Ir-Xamb temI-Øns‚ _o`-’hpw hnIr-Xhp-amb apJw kc- - -k-ambn Nn{Xo-Icn-®n-´p-≠v. `£Ww Ign-°m-mbn B[p-n-I ap- - - -jy≥ Hcp b{¥w I≠p ]nSn-®p. `£Ww Ign-°m≥ Xøm-sd-SpØBƒ Hcp {]tXyI Ccn-∏n-SØn¬ Ccn-°p-∂p. Ccn-∏n-SØn¬ D]- - -hn-jvSm-bn-°gn-™m¬ ]ns∂ Abmƒ°v A-ßm≥ Ign-bp-I- - -bn-√. ap-jys‚ ssI D]-tbm-Kn-°m-sX-Xs∂ b{¥w F√mw S-Øn-s°m-Sp-Øp-sIm-≈pw. s]mSp-∂s ]m{X-Øn¬ a[p-c-]-e-lm-c-߃ hmb-bpsSapºn¬ h∂pn¬°p-∂p. Nm¿en Nmπn-s-bmWv ]co-£WØnp- -hnt[-b-am-°m≥ t]mIp-∂-Xv. ]e-lmcw I≠t∏mƒ Nmπns‚hmbn¬ sh≈-aq-dn. At∏mƒ b{¥w Hcp kv]qsW-SpØv Nmπns‚hmbn-te°p ]e-lm-c-߃ X≈n-h-®p-sIm-Sp-Øp. b{¥-Øns‚thKw Aev]w IqSp-Xem-bXp-sIm≠v Nmπnv Nh-bv°m≥t]mepw - -Ah-kcw In´n-bn-√. Hcp IW-°np sh´n-hn-gp-ßp-Ibm-bn-cp-∂p. -]m{Xw Imen-bm-bt∏mƒ b{¥w-Xs∂ Snjyq-t]-∏¿sIm≠v Nndn -XpS-®p-sIm-Sp-Øp. ]ns∂ sFkv{Iow. sFkv{Iow Ign-®p-sIm-≠n-cn-°p-tºmƒ b{¥w XI-cm-dn-em-Ip-∂p. b{¥-Øns‚ thKw Aan-X-ambn h¿≤n-®p. AXp Nmπns‚ apJØp nc-¥cambn {]lcn- - -AΩ-bpsS D◊ Adn-hns‚ sXfna 31
  • 32. °m≥ XpS-ßn. A-ßm≥ hømØhn[w _‘-ÿm-bn-cp∂ - -Nmπns‚ Poh≥ `mKyw sIm≠p-am-{X-amWv Xncn-®p-In-´n-bXv. Aº- -Xp-h¿j-߃°p-apºv b{¥-bp-KØns‚ kwlm-cm-flIX shfn-s∏- - -Sp-Ønb Cu Nn{Xw C∂pw {]k-‡am-Wv. F∂n´pw ]ptcm-KXn-bp- - -ambn mK-cn-IX apt∂-dp-∂p. apjys‚ ImaIfn¬ n∂mWv mKcnIXIfpwhnIkßfpw Bhn¿`hnbv°p∂Xv. FhnsSbmWv Ahs‚ImaIƒ°v ]q¿ØoIcWw D≠mIp∂Xv? mhpsIm≠v ap°vkwkmcn°m≥ Ignbp∂Xv ]cnanXamb ZqcØn¬ Ccn-°p-∂hcp-am- - -bmWv . B ]cnanXamb ZqcØn∏pdtØbv ° p apjypkwkmcn°phmp≈ Ima hf¿∂t∏mƒ Ah≥ sSent^mWpwsamss_¬t^mWpw Hs° D≠m°n. Cu AtzjWw Fs∂¶nepwAhkmn°ptam? Cu AtzjWw F√m Xeßfnepap≠v. ΩpsSkIehn[ C{µnbßfpsS Xeßfnepw Cu AtzjWw aptºm´ps]mbvsIm≠ncn°p∂p≠v. IÆns‚ ImgvNbpsS Imcyw tm°mw. IÆnp ImWm≥ Ignbp∂XvNpcpßnb N{IhmfkoaIfmWv. F∂m¬ Zqtcbv°p tm°phm≥apjyp sImXnbp≠v. cm{Xn hoSns‚ a´p∏mhn¬ ae¿∂pInS∂vBImitØbv°p tm°nbm¬ nch[n £{X߃ BImiØvHfnNn∂n nev°p∂Xp ImWptºmƒ Ahs‚ a psImXn°pw, Cu£{X߃°∏pdw Fs¥¶nepapt≠m F∂dn-bm≥. Aßsbp≈AtzjWw SØnbt∏mƒ, IÆnp ]Icw hbv°mmbn, Ipd-®p-IqSnZqc-°mgvN sIm≠p-h-cm-mbn Ah≥ Zqc-Z-¿inn I≠p]nSn®p.a¨Xcntb°mƒ sNdnb hkvXp°sf ImWm≥ sImXn h∂t∏mƒAh≥ kq£vaZ¿inn Is≠Øn. F√mØcØnepw C{µnbßfpsS[¿ΩsØ ho≠pw ho≠pw o´nh®p o´nh®p sIm≠pt]mIp∂imkv{XØns‚ KXnbneqsS apjy≥ C∂v AkwXr]vXnbpsSh°nemWv FØnn¬°p∂Xv. AXpsIm≠t√ apsºßpw C√mØ Hcp NemflIX CuNp‰p]mSn¬ mw ImWp∂Xv. apjy≥ kZm Nen®psIm≠ncn°p∂p.cmhnse apX¬ cm{Xn InS°p∂Xphsc Ah≥ Nen®psIm≠ncn°p∂p. New Ahs‚ Imabn¬ n∂mWp hcp∂Xv.Ahs‚ ImabpsS ]q¿ØoIcWw Cu `uXnI {]]©Øn¬ 32
  • 33. Is≠Øm≥ IgnbmØXns‚ AkzmÿyßfmWv C∂ patmtcmKßfmbn I≠psIm≠ncn°p∂Xv. an°hmdpw F√mapjycpw Gsd°psdsbms° atmtcmKnIfmWv. Bcpw AXpkΩXn®pXcn√m F∂pam{Xw. Ipsdsbms° Indp°cmWv apjy¿. arKßtf°mƒAkzÿcmWv. arK߃ Ipsdsbms° kzÿcmWv. F{X{IqcXbp≈ knwlambmepw AXns‚ CcnØw F{X {]im-¥-am-Wv. AXp I≠m¬ Ω-fpsS D≈n¬ [ymw hcpw. A{XbpwKmw`ocyXbmWv B Ccn∏nv. Hcp Newt]mepw ZrjvSnbntemicocØnsem D≠m°msX B knwlw Ccn°p∂Xpt]mseap°ncn°m≥ Ignbptam? ap°ncn°m≥ IgnbpIbn√. mwAkzÿcmbnsIm≠ncn°pw. Ft∏mƒ nenev°p∂ Np‰p]mSn¬ ap°v ImaØns‚]q¿ÆX C√mXncn°p∂pthm At∏mƒ Ωn¬ kw`hn°p∂imcocnIhpw aknIhpw Bb NeßsfbmWv AkzÿXF∂p ]dbp∂Xv . F∂m¬ Hcm{Klhpw C√mXncp∂mtem? mwkzÿambn Ign™p. kzmÿyw BtcmKyamWv . Hcphs‚kzmÿyØns‚ ]q¿WX Ahs‚ ImaßfpsS C√mbvabntekw`hn°p∂p≈q. CXp aknem°nbn´pthWw mw PohcXvaRvPcnbpsS kaRvPkamb {]IcWØntebv°p{]thin°phm≥. aq∂p ho£W tImWpIfneqsS BsI PohnXsØ ap°pa nem°m≥ Ignbpw. H∂v, ]pcpjt‚Xmb Hcp tm´w (angleof masculinity). c≠,v kv{XobptSXmb Hcp ho£WtIm¨ (angleof femininity). aq∂,v njv]£amb Hcp ho£Ww (angle of neutral-ity). Cßs aq∂p ho£WßsfbmWp km[mcWKXnbn¬Z¿ißfnepw Nn¥Ifnepw aXßfnepsams° I≠phcmdv.aXßfn¬ kv { Xo]£Øpn∂pw ]pcp- j - ] - £ - Ø p- n∂pwkXysØ tm°n°mWmdp≠v. {InkvXpaXØn¬ ]caambkXysØ kz¿§ÿmb ]nXmhv F∂p ]dbpw. ]nXmhv]pcpjmWv. As√¶n¬ ]ucpjap≈ Hcp `mjsb¶nepamWXv.A≈mlphnp njv]£ambncn°p∂ nebmsW¶nepw, aXwAXns°pdn®p kwkmcn°ptºmƒ AXnp ]ucp-j`mhap≈Hcp nebmWp ssIhcp∂Xv. sshjvWhaXw, ssihaXwAΩ-bpsS D◊ Adn-hns‚ sXfna 33
  • 34. Chbnsems° ]ucpjambncn°p∂ XeamWp ssZh-Øn-p-≈Xv.PqX-aXØnse ssZh-amb btlmh ]pcp-j]£Øn-em-Wv. - - - - - Cn thsdmcp Xew kv{XobpsS ho£WtImWn¬n∂pkXysØ tm°n ImWp∂XmWv. {]tXyIn®pw ]m›ymXyaXßfn¬ Aßssbmcp ho£Ww ImWmnSbn√. ]m›mXyNn¥Ifnepw ImWp∂n√. {Ko°p-]p-cm-W-ß-fn¬ tZho-tZ-h-∑msc°pdn®p ]cm-a¿i-ap-s≠-¶n-epw `mcXØnemWv Aßssbmcp ho£Ww hy‡-X-tbmsS cq]s∏´ph∂n´p≈q. AXpsshZnIXtb°mƒ apºpXs∂bp≈ ho£WamWv. kXysØAΩbmbn ImWpI. kXyw AΩbmsW∂p ]dbptºmƒ BAΩ F√m‰ntbpw {]khn°p∂ AΩbmWv. mcmbWKpcp BAΩsb ]dbp∂Xv ‘kIew s]dpw BZn_oPw’ ˛ F√m‰ntbpw{]khn°p∂ BZn_oPw F∂mWv. B AΩbn¬ n∂mWv Cu{]]©w ]nd-∂p-h∂ncn°p∂Xv. - BImiØp ImWp∂ £{Xßfpw `qanbn¬ ImWp∂kmKcßfpw A¥co£hpw hmbphpw kIeXpw B AΩbn¬n∂mWp ]ndhnsIm≈p∂Xv . B AΩbn¬Xs∂bmWvChsb√mw nenev°p∂Xpw AΩbn¬Xs∂bmWv Chsb√mwXncn®p ebn°p∂Xpw. Aßs ]dbptºmƒ AΩbn¬n∂p{]]-©ap≠mIp∂Xv Hc—s‚ klmbØmet√ F∂p ΩƒtNmZn°mw. ChnsS AΩ F∂p ]dbp∂Xv A—pw IqSnbmWv.A—s‚ Bhiyan√msXXs∂ AΩ F√m‰ntbpw krjvSn°p∂p.AΩbn¬Xs∂bncn°p∂ A—≥. CXv km[mcW `mjbnemWv]dbp∂Xv. Pn∏n°p∂ i‡nbmb AΩbn¬Xs∂ i‡mbncn°p∂ km£nssNXyhpancn°p∂p≠v. B Hcp ho£WtImWneqsS tm°ptºmƒ mcmbWKpcp Pnbmb AΩsb]camflmhmbn I≠psIm≠mWv, ]cakXyambn I≠psIm≠mWv,⁄mambn I≠psIm≠mWv Cu IrXn FgpXnbncn°p∂Xv. Cn Hcp ne njv ]£amb nebmWv. B Hcp ne`mcXØn¬ IqSpXepw kzoIcn®n´p≈Xv AssZzXthZm¥hpwalmbm _p≤Z¿ihpamWv. AssZzXthZm¥Øns‚XeØn¬ tm°ptºmƒ kvss{XWsat∂m ]ucpjsat∂m]dbm≥ CSsImSp°msX hm°pIƒ °v AXoXambncn 34
  • 35. °p∂XmWv kXyw. B kXy-sØ _rl-Øm-bn-cn-°p-∂Xv F∂A¿-∞Øn¬ {_“w F∂ ]Zw sIm≠p kqNn∏n°p∂p. hmK-Xo-X-amb kXy-sØ hyh-lcn°m≥th≠n Hcp masØ D]-tbm-Kn-t°-≠n-hcp∂p F∂-XmWv thZm-¥Ønse G‰hpw henb - -hntcm-[m-`m-kw. B hntcm-[m-`m-ksØ icnbmb apap£p Xncn-®-dn-bp-Ibpw thWw. njv]£amb Cu XeØneqsSbp≈ AtzjWw hfsckq£vaXbp≈ {i≤mep°fmb kXymtzjnIƒ°p am{XwIgnbp∂ H∂mbXpsIm≠v Kpcp ChnsS Po hcXvaRvPcnAhXcn∏n°p∂Xv AssZzXØns‚ njv]£nesb PnbpsSkvss{XW ]£Øntebv°v Bhmlns®SpØv Hcp {]tXyINmcpXtbmsS, {]tXyI Bhnjv I cW ku`KXtbmsS{IaoIcn®psIm≠mWv. AXpsIm≠v CXns hfsc hyXykvXambncn°p∂, Hcp hn`m- K - Ø nepw s]SpØm≥ IgnbmØIrXnbmbnXs∂ IcpXWw. CXnp apºphsc XØz⁄mØnv]ucpjambncn°p∂ Hcp `mjm- { ]- t bmKw D≠mbncp∂p.AXpt]mseXs∂ kv s s{XWambncn°p∂ Hcp `mjbpap≠mbncp∂p. F∂m¬ ChnsSh®v Cu `mjIfpsS AXn¿hcºpIsf D√wLn®psIm≠mWv Kpcp CXv FgpXp∂Xv .n߃°nXns‚ AItØbv°p IS°ptºmƒ AsXßssb∂va nemIpw. Adnhns‚ tZhXbmWv imcZ. inhKncn aTØn¬ imcZm{]XnjvT bpambn _‘s∏´mWv Cu IrXn cq]wsIm≠Xv .]ucmWnIambncn°p∂ GsX¶nepw Hcp IYtbm A-s√-¶n¬tZh-Xm-k-¶-ev]-tam H∂p-a√ CXn¬ {]Xn-]m-Zy-am-bn-cn-°p-∂-Xv.ip≤-amb ⁄m-sØ-bmWv P-n-bmbn Ah-Xcn-∏n-°p-∂Xv. Cu - -IrXn XpSßp∂Xv, H∂mb amaXnbn¬n∂v Bbncw {Xn]pSnh∂p F∂p ]d-™p-sIm-≠m-Wv. ZpxJØns‚ ImcWw ]e¿°pw hy‡a√. F∂m¬ _p≤≥]d™n´p≠v ZpxJØns‚ ImcWw F¥msW∂v. XrjvWbmWvZpxJØns‚ ImcWw. XrjvW F∂m¬ B{K- lw. Ipd-®p-IqSnhy‡-ambn ]d-™m¬ Ima- . AXmbXv hnj-bßfn-ep≈ Bk- - -‡n. XrjvWbpsS ia-amWv n¿hm-Ww. n¿hmWw ac-Wa√. - - - -AΩ-bpsS D◊ Adn-hns‚ sXfna 35
  • 36. Ima-Ifn¬n-∂p≈ tamN-am-W.v n¿hmWw Pohn-XØns‚ kl- - - - -P-X-bm-Wv. ZpxJw kpJ-Øns‚ adp-]p-dam-Wv. kpJ-Ønepw ZpxJ-Ønepw -_‘-ap-≠v. ZpxJsØ mw Hgn-hm-°m≥ {ian-°p-∂p. kpJsØ -]pevImpw sImXn-°p-∂p. kpJ-Øn-s‚bpw ZpxJ-Øn-s‚bpw CS-bn¬ Btµm-fw sNøp-∂-XmWv a- v. F∂m¬ n¿hmWwXo¿Øpw kl-P-amb Hcp Ap-`q-Xn-bm-Wv. AXp kqJ-Zpx-J-߃°Xo-Xam-Wv. AXn¬ Zzµz-߃ kao-Icn-°s∏-Sp-∂p. a v - -]q¿Æ-ambpw Xntcm-`hn-°p-∂p. - mcm-bWKpcp ZpxJ-sØ-°p-dn®p ]dbp∂Xv Ipd®pIqSnhyXykv X amb coXnbnemWv . H∂mb t_m[- Ø n¬n∂pnch[nbmb {Xn]pSnIƒ hnS¿∂phcp∂p. {Xn]p-Sn-Iƒ ZpxJ-P- -n-Ifm-Wv. khn-ti-jamb Hcp hm°mWv {Xn]pSn. CXp n߃°p - -]cnNnXamb Hcp hm°mbncn°Wsa∂n√. B≤ymflnINn¥Ifpambn ]cnNnbs∏´n´p≈ hy‡nIƒ°dnbmw {Xn]pSnF¥msW∂v. AXns ap°v hniZoIcnt°≠nbncn°p∂p.AXp aknem°nbm¬ ZpxJØns‚ ImcWw ap°pwaknem°m≥ Ignbpw. GXp`hw FSpØmepw B Ap`hw Ωfn¬ kw`hn°p∂Xv apdn-hp-I-tfm-Sp-Iq-Sn-bm-Wv, hn`PnXamb coXnbnemWv.km[mcW Ap`h߃ Fs¥ms°bmWv ? IÆpsIm≠pImWp∂p, ImXpsIm≠p tIƒ°p∂p, aq°psIm≠p aW°p∂p,m°psIm≠p cpNn°p∂p, Xz°psIm≠p kv]¿in°p∂p. Chbt√⁄mt{µnbßfneqsS Adnbp∂ AdnhpIƒ? AXpt]mse,a ns‚ XeØn¬ Nn¥n°p∂p, k¶ev]n°p∂p, kwibn°p∂p.Chbpw Ap`hßfmWv. C{µnbßfpsS XeØnepw a ns‚XeØnepw S°p∂ Ap`hßsf ap°p hyht—Zn®ptmt°≠Xmbn´p≠v . F∂memWv ap°p sΩ°pdn®pAdnbphm≥ IgnbpIbp≈p. FßsbmsWn°p ZpxJwhcp∂sX∂dnbWsa¶n¬ BZyw Ap`hsØ ]Tnt°≠Xmbn´p≠v. Ap`hw F¥msW ∂dnbWw. H∂mbncp∂ t_m[w]eXmbnØocp∂p. AXmWp ZpxJØnp ImcWw. GIambncn°p∂Xv AtIambnØocp∂p. AsXßs kw`-hn-°p∂p? 36
  • 37. ImWp∂ temIsØ mw Ωn¬n∂p Ayamb HcphkvXphmbn´mWv FÆp∂Xv. temIw thsd Rm≥ thsd F∂XcØn¬. AXp- s Im≠v temIØnep≈ GXp`hsØFSpØmepw Adnbp∂ Rm≥ amdnn¬°p∂p≠v. Rm≥ ImWp∂pF∂p ]dbptºmƒ, temIw thsd Rm≥ thsd. Rm≥ tIƒ°p∂pF∂p ]d-bptºmgpw tIƒ°p∂ i_vZw thsd, Rm≥ thsd. Ap-t`m-‡m-hmb Fs∂ hyXykvXamb, amdnn¬°p∂ Hcp LSIambnIcp-Xp-tºmƒ t`mKyhnizsØ thsd H∂mbn´pw FÆp∂p. hmkvXhØn¬ thZm-¥Øns‚ ne-]mSv GIw kXv F∂mWv. -kXyw Ht∂bp≈q. Htcsbmcp kXyta D≈psh¶n¬ Cu hn`PwFßs D≠mIp∂p? Cu hn`PØnp ImcWw a mWv.a neqsSbmWv GsXmcp Ap`hhpw kw`hn°p∂Xv .a ps≠¶n¬ Ap`hØnv hn`Pw D≠mbncn°pw. Fn°pnßsf ImWWsa¶n¬ a ns‚ klmbw thWw. As√¶n¬Fn°v ImWm≥ IgnbpIbn√. n߃ F{Xt]¿ ChnsSCcn°p∂ps≠¶nepw Fs‚ a v B ImgvNbn¬ ]¶mfnØwhln®m¬ am{Xta Fn°p ImWm≥ IgnbpIbp≈q. Fs‚ IÆnpkzXth nßsf ImWmp≈ i‡nbn√. a v AXns ]n¥m-ß-Ww. At∏mƒ a neqsS ImgvN F∂ cq]sØ H∏nsbSpØv Rm≥Adnbp∂p. Cu Rm≥ BcmWv? Ωƒ BZyw IcpXp∂Xv IÆmWvImWp∂Xv F∂mWv. ]t£, IÆp ImWp∂n√. NnebmfpIƒIÆpXpd∂ncp∂v Znhmkz]vßfn¬ apgpImdp≠v. Znhmkz]vw F∂p]d™m¬ IÆp Xpd∂ncn°pIbpw AtXkabw ]e Nn¥Ifnepw`mh-Ifnepw Hs° hym]cn°p∂ HchÿbmWv. Cu kabØv - -AhcpsS a nse k¶ev ] hnIev ] ßfneqsS Ah¿IS∂pt]mhpIbpw IÆns‚ apºnep≈ ImgvNsb ImWmXncn°pIbpwsNøp∂p. CXp n߃t°h¿°pw Ap`hap≈ Imcyambncn°Ww.IÆp Xnsb ImWp∂n√ F∂p≈Xns‚ DØaZrjvSm¥amWvZnhmkz]vw ImWp∂hcptS-X.v At∏mgmbncn°pw Bsc¶nepw h∂vAbmsf X´nhnfn°pI: “tlbv, F¥mWv o Cßs IÆpwangn®ncp∂v Nncn°p∂Xv? ” At∏mgbmƒ sR´nsbgpt∂‰n´p tNmZn°pw: v“o ChnsS D≠mbncpt∂m?” CXn¿∞w IÆp Xpd∂ncn°ptºmgpwa p ]n≥Xmßnbm¬ am{XamWv apºnep≈ ZriysØ ap°pImWm≥ IgnbpIbp≈q F∂mWv.AΩ-bpsS D◊ Adn-hns‚ sXfna 37
  • 38. Cn IÆn√msX a p hnNmcn®m¬ F√mw ImWm≥Ignbptam? IÆv F∂ D]IcWans√¶n¬ hkv X pnjv Tambncn°p∂ Cu {]]©sØ ImWm≥ IgnbpIbn√.F∂ncp∂mepw Ap`hw ΩpsS D≈n¬ D≠mIpw. IÆns√¶nepwAp`hap≠mIpw. Hcp DZmlcWw ]dbpIbmsW¶n¬cm{XnkabØv Ωƒ IÆS®t√ Ddßp∂Xv . IÆS®vDdßp∂psh¶nepw Fs¥√mw ImgvNIfmWv Ωƒ kz]vØn¬ImWp∂Xv. atmlcamb Zriy߃, `bs∏SpØp∂ Zriy߃.Nne¿ kz]vØn¬ acn®pt]mIp∂p≠v. ]t£, IÆp Xpd°ptºmƒAh¿ saØbn¬Xs∂ PohtmsS InS°p∂Xp ImWmw. hkv X pnjv T ambncn°p∂ acWw kz]v Øn¬kw`hn°p∂n√ F¶nepw BflnjvTamb (subjective) acWwAh¿°p kw`hn°p∂p. kz]v Øn¬ Ah¿ `bs∏´pnehnfn°p∂p. Ap`hw At∏mgpw Ds≠∂mWv CXp shfn-hm-°p-∂Xv. kz]vØnse Ap`hw bmYm¿∞yw F∂Xpt]msekz]vØn¬ Ap`hs∏Sp∂p. F∂p ]d™m¬ IÆpsIm≠vCu {]]©sØ ImWp∂X√ ZpxJØnp ImcWw F∂p≈Xns‚sXfnhv kz]vØn¬ Ωƒ ZpxJn°p∂p F∂p≈XmWv. Cu{]]©sØ Hgnhm°nbXpsIm≠pam{Xw ZpxJw XocpIbn√F∂Xns‚ sXfnhmWv kz]v mp`hthfbn¬ ΩƒZpxJn°p∂Xv. kz]vØn¬ ZpxJn°m≥ ImcWsa¥mWv? AXnp a ns°pdn®v ap°p a nemt°≠nhcpw.a v Hcp adbmWv. ΩpsS kz—ambncn°p∂, sXfnabp≈t_m[Ønp apIfnse Hcp ad (screen). B kv{Ions‚ D≈neqsSbmWv Ωƒ ImgvNIsfms° ImWp∂Xv. B kv{Ionv NnecpsSD≈n¬ hfsc Ccp≠ ndambncn°pw. NnecpsS D≈n¬Ipd®pIqSn Ccpfna Ipd™ncn°pw. Nnecn¬ AXp hfscip≤ambncn°pw. Aßs ]e Ap]mXØnep≈ a ns‚Cu Ahÿsb XmaknIambncn°p∂ a v, cmPknIambncn°p∂ a v, kmXznIambncn°p∂ a v Fs∂ms° hn`Pn®pa nem°mw. CXn¬ cmPknI ambncn°p∂Xn¬n∂pkmXznIambXntebv ° p a ns Iptds» Iptds»ip≤oIcns®Sp°mw. B {]{InbsbbmWv NnØip≤oIcWwF∂p ]dbp∂Xv. 38
  • 39. ]e hgnIfneqtSbpw ]e km[IfneqtSbpw NnØip≤oIcWw ap°p SØnsbSp°mw. F√mhcpw Hcp coXnbneqsSXs∂NnØip≤oIcWw SØWsa∂n√. Nne¿°p `‡nbneqsSNnØip≤oIcWw S°pw. Nne¿°p njvImaambncn°p∂I¿ΩØneqsS, Nne¿°p KpcptkhbneqsS, Nne¿°ptemItkhbneqsS, Nne¿°p CuizctkhbneqsS Hs°NnØip≤oIcWw Ss∂∂ncn°pw. Nne¿°p ⁄mØns‚hgnbneqsS GIamb kXysØ GIambn Z¿in°p∂XneqsSNnØip≤oIcWw kw`hn°pw. GXphgn kzoIcn°WwF∂Xns kw_‘n®p Xm¿°nIXIsfm∂pw th≠.HmtcmcpØ¿°pw Ahch¿°v CWßp∂ coXnbnep≈ Hcp hgnAhchcpsS D≈n¬Xs∂ shfns∏Sp∂Xmbncn°pw. A√msXASnt®¬∏nt°≠Xmbn´n√. At∏mƒ H∂mb amaXnbn¬n∂v Bbncw {Xn]pSn h∂p.Bbncw F∂ hm°v ChnsS Be¶mcnIambn´mWv ]dbp∂Xv.FÆa‰ F∂¿∞ØnemWv. FÆa‰ Nn¥Iƒ t_m[Øn¬h∂vA¶pcn°p∂p. ]XRvPenbpsS `mjbn¬ ]d™m¬ AhNnØhrØnIfmWv. Cu NnØhrØnIƒ FÆa‰ coXnbn¬t_m[Øn¬ H∂p amdptºmƒ thsdm∂v F∂nßs{]hln®psIm≠ncn°pIbmWv. HcnjvSØn¬n∂p thsdmcpCjvSØnte°v, Hcp {]nbØn¬n∂p thsdmcp {]nbØnte°v,Hcp ImgvNbn¬n∂p thsdmcp ImgNbnte°v, Hcp kpJØn¬n∂p thsdmcp kpJØnte°v NnØhrØnIƒ nc¥cambn{]bmWw SØns°m≠ncn°p∂p. a nv Hcp KXobXbp≠v. a nv Cu KXo-b-XsbDt]£n®v Ccn°m≥ IgnbpIbn√. AXns‚ kz`mhwCßsbmWv. {Xn]pSnIfmWv AXn¬ h∂¶pcn°p∂Xv. aq∂p]pSßtfmSpIqSnbXmWv {Xn]pSn. aq∂nXfpIfp≈ Hcp]qhntmSmWv NnØhrØnIfpsS kz`mhsØ D]an°p∂Xv. HcpNnØhrØn t_m[Øn¬ A¶pcn°ptºmƒ, Hcp ImgvNsb mwImWptºmƒ AXn¬ ImWp∂h≥ F∂ HcnXƒ, ImWs∏Sp∂hkvXp F∂ thsdmcnXƒ, ImWp∂htbpw ImWs∏Sp∂hkv X phntbpw XΩn¬ kw_‘n∏n°p∂ ImW¬ F∂{]{Inb F∂ thsdm-cn-Xƒ. CßsbmWv F√m Ap`hßfpwAΩ-bpsS D◊ Adn-hns‚ sXfna 39
  • 40. D≠mIp∂Xv. Hcmƒ ImWm≥ thWw. ImWs∏Smsmcp hkvXpthWw. ImWp∂ Hcp {]{Inb D≠mbncn°Ww. {Xn]pSn F∂p]d™m¬ AXmWv. CXp ImWp∂Xn¬ am{Xa√, kv]¿in°p∂Xn¬kv]¿in°p∂h≥ thWw, kv]¿in°s∏Sp∂ hkvXp thWw.kv]¿in°¬ F∂ {InbthWw. F√m ImcyØnepw AßsXs∂bmWv. Adnbp∂Xn¬ Adnbp∂h≥ thWw, Adnbs∏Sp∂hkvXp thWw, Adnb¬ F∂ {]{Inb thWw. Cu hn`Pw a nt‚XmWv . a ns‚ Cu hn`PsØ°pdn®p icn°pw a nem°m≥ IgnbptºmgmWv Hcmƒhnth- I n- b m- b n- Ø o- c p- ∂ - X v . Htcsbmcp t_m[wXs∂bmWvImWp∂hmbncn°p∂Xpw ImWs∏Sp∂ hkv X phmbncn°p∂Xpw ImgvNbmbncn°p∂Xpw. Htcsbmcp kXyØnpkw`hn°p∂ Hcp h{IoIcWw. AXnsbmWv as ∂p]dbp∂Xv. Cßs ΩpsS ta[bn¬, ΩpsS _p≤nbn¬,ΩpsS Nn¥bn¬ Hs° Cu h{IoIcWw S°p∂p≠v. ΩƒCXdnbp∂n√. FhnsS hn`Papt≠m AhnsSsbms° Cu{Xn]pSnbpap≠v . {Xn]pSnbn√mØ Hcp`hhpw km[mcWapjyn√. Hcp ⁄mn°p am{XamWv {Xn]pSn°XoXambncn°p∂t_m[Ønte°v FØnt®cm≥ Ignbp∂p≈q. AXpsIm≠vFhnsS {Xn]pSnIƒ D≠mIp∂pthm AhnsSsbms° AXns‚A[njvTmambncn°p∂ t_m[aps≠∂v AdnbpIsb¶nepwsNøWw. ASnÿmambncn°p∂ GIt_m[w, GIambncn°p∂ D◊ AXps≠∂v BZyw AdnbWw. AXmWv BZysØ⁄mw. At∏mƒ ap°p a nemIpw F¥nepw HcpsFIyaps≠∂v . mmXzØn¬ GIXzsØ°pdn®p `mcXØnep≈ F√mhcpw hmtXmcmsX kwkmcn°p∂ps≠¶nepwB GIXzw FhnsS InS°p∂p F∂v B¿°pw Adnbn√. AXvChnsSbmWv . Hmtcm hy‡nbptSbpw a ns‚ ASnØ´n¬n›eambncn°p∂, n¿hnImc ambncn°p∂, km£nbmbncn°p∂, AN©eambncn°p∂ t_m[sØbmWv ChnsSASnÿmkXyambn´p a nemt°≠Xv. Cu A[njvTmkXysØ AdnbmsXbmWv km[mcW KXnbn¬ Ωn¬ Ap-`-h߃ kw`hn°p∂Xv. - 40
  • 41. a ns‚ hn`PnXambncn°p∂ ‘Rm≥’ F∂ Al¥sbΩƒ hfscb[nIw hnIkn∏ns®SpØncn°p∂p. n߃s°mcpsXmgn-ep-≠v. B sXmgnens‚ `mKambn n߃ ]dbp∂p, Rm≥h°oemWv...Rm≥ tUmIvSdmWv....Rm≥ tP¿WenÃmWv...Rm≥amtPcmWv Fs∂ms°. Cßs ]dbptºmƒ Rm≥ F∂p]dbp∂ XeamWv ChnsS D¥nbp¥n aptºm´p hcp∂Xv. Rm≥{]knU‚mWv, Rm≥ {][ma{¥nbmWv F∂p ]dbptºmƒRmns‚,, Al¥bpsS i‡n IqSnsIm≠ncn°pIbmWv .Al¥ aptºm´v X≈nX≈nhcnIbmWv sNøp∂Xv. Rmsmcp bmNImWv F∂p hnNmcn°ptºmgpw BbmNInepw Al¥bp≠v . Al¥bv ° p [hmst∂mn¿[st∂m XcØnep≈ hIt`Zßsfm∂pan√. [ap≈hpw Al¥bp≠v. [an√mØhpw Al¥bp≠v. Al¥sbkmºØnI imkv{XØns‚ ASnÿmØn¬ hnebncpØphm≥IgnbpIbn√. Al¥bpw kmºØnI imkv{Xhpw XΩn¬ Hcp_‘hpan√. Hcp `n£°mcv `n£°mct‚Xmbncn°p∂Al¥bp≠v. Hcn°epw `n£°mcmbncn°p∂ Hcmƒ°v HcpcmPmhntmSv Akqb tXm∂m≥ CSbn√. AbmfpsS PohnXØn¬Hcp cmPmhntmSv Akqb tXm∂p∂Xnp]Icw thsdmcp`n£°mctmSp tXm∂mw. thsdmcp `n£°mc≥ Hcp samss_¬t^mWpambn AbmfpsS apºneqsS IS-∂p-t]mbm¬ Abmƒ°Xpkln°n√. AbmfpsS Al¥ At∏mƒ apºnte°pX≈nhcpw.ImcWsa¥mWv? Xs‚ KW-Øn¬s]´ BfmbXpsIm≠mWv.ΩpsS Al¥bpsS kz`mhw tm°q. Al¥ Akq-bbmbn -{]XnIcn°p∂Xv Htc KWØnep≈ BfpItfmSmWv. FgpØpIm¿°v Akqb D≠mIp∂Xv FgpØpImtcmSmWv.cmjv{Sob°m¿°v Akqbbp≠mIp∂Xv cmjv{Sob°mtcmSmWv.kv { XoIƒ°v Akqbbp≠mIp∂Xv kv { XoItfmSmWv .]pcpj∑m¿°v Akqb D≠mIp∂Xv ]pcpj∑mtcmSmWv. CßsNne XeßfnemWv Al¥bpsS hnPrw`Ww D≠mIp∂Xv.apjys‚ nXyPohnXsØ H∂p ]cntim[n®p tm°nbm¬AXp a nem°m≥ Ignbpw. Rm≥ F∂ hisØ mwhnt£]n®psImt≠bn-cn-°p-∂p.AΩ-bpsS D◊ Adn-hns‚ sXfna 41
  • 42. Adnbp∂h≥, Adnbs∏Sp∂ hkvXp, AdnbpI F∂ {]{InbCh aq∂ntbpw FSpØp {Xn]pSn F∂ A¿∞Øn¬ Kpcp]dbp∂p. At∏mƒ H∂mb amaXnbn¬n∂v Bbncw {Xn]pSnh∂v Bip X∑-Xn ad∂v. Bip F∂p ]d™m¬ s]mSp∂s.s]mSp-∂s D≠mIp∂ kw`hw F¥mWv ? Bfl-hn-kvarXn kw`-hn-bv°p-∂p. mw Bsc∂p mw ad∂p t]mIp-∂p. {Xn]pSnD≠mIptºmƒ mw sΩ ad∂p t]mIp∂p. Nn¥Iƒ Ωn¬A¶pcn°ptºmƒ Bflmhns Ωƒ ad∂pt]mIp∂p. BflhnkvacWamWv ]m]w. ]m]sØ Cu A¿∞Øn¬a nem°Ww. {]tXyIn®pw ]m›mXy¿ ]dbp∂ ]m]-tØ-°mƒ sshb‡nIamb ]m]amWv mw sΩ ad°pI F∂p≈Xv.kØsb ad°pI F∂p≈Xv. kzkØsb ad∂m¬ ]ns∂ mwGXnsbmbncn°pw Hm¿°pI? AXns‚ hn]coXhi-Øn-cn-°p∂temIsØbmbncn°pw mw Hm¿ØpsIm≠ncn°pI. BflhnkvacWØnv Hcp hn]coXXeap≠v. BflhnkvacWw D≠m-Ip-tºmƒtemIkvacWamWv kw`hn°p∂Xv. mw sΩ hnkvacn®m¬temIw ΩpsS apºn¬ {]Xn`mkn°m≥ XpSßpw. ΩpsS apºn¬euInIambncn°p∂ Imgv N Ifpw euInIambncn°p∂B{Klßfpw euInIambncn°p∂ Bthißfpw AWn-nc°pw. Ah sΩ nc¥cambn aptºm´p X≈ns°m≠ncn°pw.CXmWv ZpxJsØ D≠m°p∂Xv . Bflhnkv a cWhpwtemIkvacWhpw Htc {]{In-bbpsS c≠p ]pdßfmWv. temIsØ -kvacn®m¬ Bflmhns hnkvacn°pw. temIsØ hnkvacn®m¬Bflmhns kvacn°pw. Cu c≠p ]pSßsf kzPohnXØn¬a nemt°≠-Xp-≠v. Cn hnkv a cWØnt‚bpw kv a cWØnt‚bpw ImcyweuInIamb XeØn¬Xs∂ FSpØmepw, GsX¶nepw Hcp{]nbs∏´ Hcmsf n߃ Bcm[n°p∂ps≠¶n¬, kvtln°p∂ps≠¶n¬ kZm B hy‡nbpsS apJambncn°pw nßfpsSHm¿Ωbn¬ D≠mhpI. B apJw nßfpsS D≈n¬n∂pamdWsa¶n¬ thsdmcp apJw B kvacWbpsS ÿmØncn°Ww. AXpsIm≠mWv an°hmdpw IanXm°sf th¿s]SpØmmbn aximkv{X⁄∑m¿ Ahsc ÿew am‰n thsdFhnsSsb¶nepsams° Xmakn∏n°pIbpw AhnsS XØpeyamb 42
  • 43. kvtlw ]¶n´psImSp°p∂ BfpIsfsIm≠v Ahcpambn_‘s∏SpØpIbpw Hs° sNøp∂Xv. ]q¿hImapIs‚ apJw As√¶n¬ ]q¿hImapInbpsS apJwB hy‡nbn¬n∂pw hnkv a rXambnØocpIbpw ]pXnbkvtlnXs‚ As√¶n¬ kvtlnXbpsS apJw B hy‡nbpsSD≈n¬ kvarXambnØocpIbpw sNøpw. H∂ns hnkvacn°Wsa¶n¬ thsdm∂ns kvacn°Ww. A√msX ap°p hnkvacn°m≥ IgnbpIbn√. Cu euInIPohnXØns‚ km[mcWKXnbnep≈ ImcyßfmWnsX√mw. Cßs hfsc AmbmkwnßfpsS CjvSmnjvS߃ am‰nsbSp°m≥ Ignbpw. Hcmƒ°v aZyØntmSp {]nbaps≠∂p hnNmcn°pI.Abmƒ°v aZyw F∂p ]d™m¬ A{Xbpw Bkz- mZy-amb HcphkvXphmWv. AXns am‰Wsa¶n¬ A{Xbv°v BkzmZyXbpwelcnbpw ¬Ip∂ thsdm∂psIm≠p am{Xta IgnbpIbp≈q.AXpsIm≠v aZy]∑msc aZyØn¬n∂pw ]n≥Xncn∏n°m≥hfsc {]bmkamWv. Ct∏mƒ CXnsems° B≤ymflnIXbptSbpw kv t lØnt‚Xpamb Nne hgnIsfms°bmWvsXfn™phcp∂Xv . B≤ymflnIXbpsS Hcp elcnbp≠v .aZyØns‚ elcntb°mƒ AKm[ambncn°p∂ elcnbmWvB[ymflnIXbpsS elcn. aZyw Hcp D]m[nbmsW¶n¬ aZyØnvap°v ]Ww sImSp°Ww. ]Ww sImSpØv Ωƒ IpSn°pt¥mdpw ΩfpsS BtcmKyw £bn®phcpw. Aßs HcpD]m[nbneqsS Ωƒ Pohn°p∂Xnt°mƒ F{XtbmDØaamWv B[ymflnIambncn°p∂, Ωn¬Øs∂bncn°p∂,Bflmhns‚ elcnsb pW™p Pohn°p∂Xv. ]t£, BcpwB hgnbneqsS AtzjWw SØmØXpsIm≠mWv B hgnXncs™Sp°mØXv. anÃn°pIfpw tbmKnIfpw kq^nIfpwmZmpk‘mw SØns°m≠ncn°p∂hcpw Hs° HcpXcw{]tXyIamb elcnbn¬ Pohn-XØns‚ BÀmZw Ap-`hn-°p- - -∂-hcm-Wv. AXv D∑mZØns‚ BÀm-Za√. Bflm-hns‚ kl-P- - - -amb B-µamWv. {iocmaIrjv W ]calwk¿ Bflmhns‚ Ap`qXnD≠mIptºmƒ Hcp ¿ØIst∏mse FWo‰pn∂v rØwAΩ-bpsS D◊ Adn-hns‚ sXfna 43
  • 44. hbv°pambncp∂pht{X. BµwsIm≠v Ccn°m≥ hømXm-Ip-∂p.Bµw hcptºmƒ sIm®pIp´nIƒ rØw hbv°p∂Xv n߃I≠n´nt√? F¥np sIm®p-Ip-™p-߃. Nne arK°p™p-߃Xp≈n-®m-Sm-dnt√? ]q®°p´nIsf n߃ tm°q. B´n≥°p-´n-Isf tm°q. Ah¿ Xo‰ Ign™m¬, kt¥mjw h∂m¬F¥mWv ]ns∂ sNøp∂sX∂v Adnbm≥ ]mSn√. ]eXcØnep≈ eo emhntmZßfn¬ Ah¿ G¿s∏Sp∂p.knwlØnt‚bpw ]penbptSbpw Ip´nIfpw Bµw h∂m¬rØw sNøpw. ]calwk¿ temIØntmSp ]d™n´p≈Xv CXmWv ˛Bµn°phn≥ ! Bflmhns‚ Bµw pI¿∂v CutemIØn¬Xs∂ n߃°v BµXpµnecmbn Pohn°m≥Ignbpw. thsd GXp elcntb°mfpw Dt∑jap≠m°p∂ HcpelcnbmWv Bflmhns‚ elcnsb∂v {iocmaIrjv W]calwkcpsS hN-ßfneqsS hmbn®p t]mIptºmƒ ap°pt_m[ys∏Spw. Atd_ybnse kq^nbmbncp∂ Pemep±o≥ dqanD≈nepW¿∂ Ap`qXnbpsS AXnhninjvSamb elcnbm¬ap∏Ønbmdp aWn°q¿ n¿ØmsX rØwsNbv X pIpg™phoWp. CXp kq^nkmlnXyßfn¬ ImWm≥ Ignbpw.Atd_ybnse kq^nIsft∏mseXs∂ bqtdm∏nepw a‰pwD≠mbncp∂ anÃn°pIfpw C¥ybn¬Xs∂ D≠mbncp∂A°almtZhn, aocm_mbn XpSßnb nch[nbmbtbmKnnIfpw CtXt]mep≈ Hcp B[ymflnIl¿jØns‚A]q¿hamb Ahÿbnte°p t]mbn´p≈hcmWv. Ft∏mƒ nßfpsS D≈n¬ Nn¥Iƒ nebv°p∂pthmNnØhrØnIƒ nebv°p∂pthm {Xn]pSnIƒ HSpßp∂pthmAt∏mƒ n߃ tZhnbpsS, PKZw_bpsS, PnbpsSlrZbktcmhcØn¬ Aa¿∂ncn°pw. AhnsSbmWv F√mZpxJ߃°pw Nn¥Iƒ°pw AssIy߃°pw iawD≠mIp∂Xv. AXpsIm≠mWv tbmKsØ NnØ-hr-Øn-I-fpsSntcm-[ambn ]X-RvPen al¿jn ]d-bp-∂Xv. mcm-bWKpcp - - - - -Btflm-]tZ-iiXIØn¬ {Xn]pSn apSn™p sXfn-bp∂ Zo]-Øn- - - - - -tm-SmWv Bflm-p-`hsØ D]-an-®n-cn-°p-∂X.v D]-n-jØn¬ shfn- - - - 44
  • 45. s∏-Sp-Øn-bn-´p≈ Cu clkyw I]-SbXn-Iƒ°p Ic-ÿam-hp-I- - - -bn-s√∂pw Kpcp Hm¿Ωn-∏n-°p-∂p. _mlytamSn°pth≠n km[bpw {]m¿∞bpwk∂ymkhpw [ymhpw Hs° kzoIcn®p S°pIbmsW¶n¬NnØhrØnIƒ HSpßpIbn√, {Xn]pSnIƒ HSpßpIbn√._mlyambn Aßssbms° ImWn®mepw ΩpsS a v{]£p_v[amsW¶n¬ ]ns∂ AXpsIms≠¥p {]tbmPw?{Xn]pSnIƒ t_m[sØ adbv°p∂p. X∑Xn ad∂pt]mIp∂p.AXpsIm≠v Xs‚ kØ ad∂pt]m- I msX {]m¿∞- - I ƒΩn¬n∂pw Dd-∂p-hcs´. [ymw sXfn™phcs´. A√m-Ø- - -]£w A∂mZnbn¬ {]nb-ap-b¿∂v BSemw IS-en¬ H∂mbnhoWp hebpw. ZpxJØns‚ ISen¬ hoWp s]mdpXn ap´pw. temIØns‚ thsdmcp t]cmWv kwkmcw. kwkmcsa∂m¬Xangn¬ `mcy F∂mW¿∞w. AXßs ]d™p ]d™ph∂ptN¿∂n´p≈XmWv . ]t£, kwkv I r- X - Ø n¬ amdns°m≠ncn°p∂Xv F∂ A¿∞ØnemWv kwkmcw F∂ hm°p{]tbm- K n- ° p- ∂ - X v . am‰ßƒ F√mw kXysa∂p hnNmcn®vAXnte°v mw hoWpsIm≠ncn°pIbmsW¶n¬ ISen¬hoWt]msebmbncn- ° pw. ndsb XncIfp≈, Ft∏mgpwXncbSn®psIm≠ncn°p∂ ISen¬ s]´pIgn™m¬ B ISen¬n߃ F{X ssIImen´Sn®mepw Ic-bWbp-Ibn-√. ΩpsS Cu - - -temI-Po-hn-Xhpw IS-en¬ s]´-t]m-se-bm-Wv. Ht´sd {]b-Xvn-®n´pw Hcn-SØpw ap°v FØn-t®cm≥ Ign-bp-∂n-√. Fs∂¶nepwHcp ]cnlmcw D≠mIpsa∂p IcpXnbn´mWv Ωƒ Cßs{]Xym-itbmsS Pohn°p∂Xv. - PohnXØn¬ Fßssb¶nepw adpIc]‰mmWv mwPohnbv°p∂Xv. FhnsSsb¶nepw Hcp Dd® ASnØdD≠mIpsa∂v IcpXnbn´mWv Ωƒ ]ebnSßfn¬n∂pw ISwhmßn®msW¶nepw PohnXsØ kp_≤am°m≥ {ian°p∂Xv.]t£, As∏msgms° Imen∂Snbnse aÆv Hen®pt]mIp∂XvΩƒ ImWmdn√. IptdIgnbptºmƒ ASnsX‰n neØp hogp∂p.CXmWv kmwkmcnIXbpsS {]tXyIX. Ft∏mgpw ΩƒASn]Xdn hogmsmcp km[yXbp≠v . kwkmcsØ HcpAΩ-bpsS D◊ Adn-hns‚ sXfna 45
  • 46. apXetbmSmWv D]an°mdv . B apXebpsS hmbn¬AIs∏´pIgn™m¬ ap°Xn¬n ∂p ]pdØpIS°m≥IgnbpIbn√. kwkmcamIp∂ {IØns‚ hmbn¬s]´m¬AXn¬n∂pw ]pdØpIS°sW¶n¬ hnthIamIp∂ JUvKwΩpsS ssIbn¬ D≠mbncn°Ww. hnthIØns‚ hmfpsIm≠pam{Xta kwkmcØns‚ aqesØ tOZn°m≥ IgnbpIbp≈q. CXpi¶cmNmcycpw caWal¿jnbpw mcmbWKpcphpw ]dbp∂p≠v.{i≤m]q¿∆w Pohn®m¬ Cu temIØp {]bmkßfn√msXPohn°mw. ChnsS kwKan√msX Pohn°Wsa¶n¬ mw hfscPmKcqIcmbncn°Ww. As√¶n¬ kwKØnte°p hoWpt]mIpw.kwKØn¬ hogmXncn°Wsa¶n¬ F¥p thWw? AXnp]calwk¿ ]dbp∂ D]a CXmWv. ssIbn¬ Ipd®p shfn®Æ]pc´nbXnptijw N° apdn°pIbmsW¶n¬ N°∏i ssIbn¬]pcfpIbn√. hfsc Ambmkw N° apdn®p N°®ppfsb√mw]dn®pXn∂mw. ssIbn¬ ]i ]pcfpI-bn-√. CXmWv FÆbmIp∂eyq{_n-s°‚ns‚ {]tXy-IX. B kvnKv[X ]isb XSp°p∂p. -AXpt]mse nßfpsS Bflmhns‚ `mKambncn°p∂ nkwKXtemIPohnXØn¬ D≠mbncn°Ww. k¿ hØn- t bpwkv t ln°p∂ Hcp nkwKX, PohnXsØ ]q¿ÆambnDƒs°m≈p∂ Hcp nkwKX. AXp t_m[-Øn¬n∂p hncn-™p- h - c - W w. ncmkØns‚ nkwKXb√, ntj[Øns‚nkwKXbpa√. kzmwioIcWØns‚ nkwKXbmWXv ,kzoImcyXbpsS nkwKXbmWXv, k¿hØntbpwlrZbØn¬ ]pevIp∂ k¿hkzoImcyXbpsS nkwKX. CXpΩƒ hnIkn∏ns®Sp°Ww. temIw ChnsSn∂p XpS®pam‰m≥ IgnbpIbn√.hkvXpnjvTambncn°p∂ Cu temIsØ XpS®pIf™psIm≠veuIn-IXsb ntj[n°phmtm nckn°phmtm IgnbpIbn√. -F¥mbmepw Cu temIØv kkt¥mjw Pohn°Wsa¶n¬ΩpsS D≈nep≈ euInIXsb If™m¬ aXn. AXmWv Kpcp]Tn∏n®pXcp∂Xv. {Xn]pSnIsf If™m¬ aXn. {Xn]pSnbnemWvN°∏i Ccn°p∂Xv. {Xn]pSnbmWv Cu temIØntmSv sΩH´n∏n°p∂Xv. {Xn]pSnsb If™m¬ FÆ ]pc´nb ssI 46
  • 47. t]msebmIpw ΩpsS t_m[w. ]ns∂ Cu temIØv F¥psNbv X mepw aps°m∂pw kw`hn°n√. [¿ΩhnlnXambXpam{Xta nkwKXbn¬ sNøm≥ IgnbpIbp≈q. FhnsSnkwKXbpt≠m AhnsS I¿Ω߃ Cuizcnbp‡ambncn°pw. [¿ΩnjvTambncn°pw. n߃ kzX{¥cmbncn°pw.nßsf H∂pw _‘n∏n°pIbn√. n߃°p rØw Ifn°mw.]m´p]mSmw. F¥p thWsa¶nepw sNømw. AhnsS n߃]q¿ÆkzX{¥cmWv . B¿°pw nßsf _‘n∏n°m≥IgnbpIbn√. dqt m ]d™Xpt]mse apjy≥ kzX{¥cmbn´mWvPn°p∂sX¶nepw Ahs‚ I¿Ω߃sIm≠mWv Ah≥_‘ÿmbnØocp∂Xv. Ahs‚ I¿ΩßfpsS NßeIƒsIm≠v Ah≥ kzbw hcn™papdp°pIbmWv sNøp∂Xv.acWtØmSv ASp°pt¥mdpw Ahs‚ I¿Ω_‘ßfpsSIÆnIfpsS ofw IqSns°m≠ncn°pw. PohnXw hfsc `bmIambcoXnbn¬ `mcap≈XmbnØocpw. F∂m¬ Cu I¿Ωßsfsbms°nkwKXbpsS Ichmfw sIm≠v ap°p hnt—Zn®pIfbm≥ HcpsmSn aXn. Hcp smSnbnSsIm≠v F√m I¿Ωßfpw Cuizct‚XmsW∂ t_m[tØmSpIqSn, km£nam{Xambncn°p∂BflmhmWv Rms∂v Adn™m¬ AXp ]caambkzmX{¥ysØ ]I¿∂p Xcp∂p. F∂mibw KXns]dpw mZ`qanbnea¿∂v Bhncm` ]ScpwNn∂m`nbn¬ {Xn]pSn F∂mWv Adpw]Sn Ie¿∂v BdnSp∂p,Po? AtΩ, Cu {Xn]pSnIƒ apgphpw obmIp∂ Nn∂m`nbn¬hnebnXambnØocp∂Xv F∂mWv? Nn∂m`n F∂p ]d™m¬Adnhns‚ m`n, ⁄mØns‚ tI{µw. nßfpsS D≈n¬Adnhnsmcp tI{µap≠v . B tI{µØnte°p {i≤sbsIm≠phcm≥ Ign™n´ps≠¶n¬ [ymØns‚ ndhv n߃°pAp`hn°mmhpw. Hmtcm Nn¥bptSbpw ]cyhkmØn¬ASpØ Nn¥bpsS A¶pcw D≠mIp∂Xnpapºv HcnSthfAp`hn°m≥ Ignbpw. c≠p Nn¥Iƒ°nSbn¬ HcnSthfbp≠v.c≠p lrZbanSn∏nnSbn¬ Hcn Sthfbp≠v . c≠vhm°pIƒ°nSbn¬ HcnSthfbp≠v. c≠p Ne߃°nSbn¬HcnSthfbp≠v. Cu CSthf Ωƒ Hcn°epw {i≤n®n´n√.AΩ-bpsS D◊ Adn-hns‚ sXfna 47
  • 48. Ft∏mƒ n߃°v Cu CSthf {i≤n°phm≥ Ignbp∂pthmAhnsS nßfnse Nn∂m`nsb, ⁄mØns‚ m`nsbkv]¿in°phm≥ Ignbpw.CXp n߃°v kq£va{KlWØneqsShnIkn∏ns®Sp°mhp∂XmWv. apjy≥ shdpsamcp arKa√. arKØnt°mƒ DZmØamb HcpImgvN Ahp≠v. Ah≥ B ImgvNsb ZrVs∏SpØp∂XvNn¥Iƒ°nSbnep≈ Cu CSthfbn¬ Ahs‚ t_m[sØ Dd∏n®v⁄msØ sXfnabp≈Xm°ptºmgmWv. CXv F√mh¿°pwIgnbp∂XmWv . ]t£, hfsc Xo£v W ambncn°p∂ HcpAtzjWw, CSapdnbmØ HcmhiyIX nßfn¬ Pnt°≠Xp≠v.apjyP∑w k^eamIp∂Xv Cu BhiyIXtbmSpoXn]pe¿Øm≥ IgnbptºmgmWv. A√mØ]£w apjyP∑warKP∑ØntmSp tN¿∂Xp am{Xw. hyXykvXa√. arKw Xn∂p∂p,apjypw Xn∂p∂p. arKw Ddßp∂p, apjypw Ddßp∂p. arKwssewKnI {IoUbn¬ G¿s∏Sp∂p, apjypw AXpXs∂ sNøp∂p.AXn∏pdØp thsdm∂pw apjypw sNøp∂n√ F∂phcnIbmsW¶n¬ apjy≥ hkv{XapSpØp S°p∂ arKwam{XambnØocpw. arKØnmsW¶n¬ AXns‚ tXmepXs∂DSpXpWn bmbncn°p∂p. A{Xtb hyXymkap≈q. Ft∏mƒ Nn¥Iƒ°nSbnep≈ ausØ apjyp kv]¿in°m≥ Ignbp∂pthmAt∏mƒ Ahsmcp _p≤mbnØocp∂p. mcmbWKpcp GsXmcpt_m[sØ kv ] ¿in®pthm, B t_m[sØ n߃°pwkv ] ¿in°m≥ Ignbp∂p. {iocmcaIrjv W ]calwk¿GsXmchÿbnemtWm BµrØw SØnbXv BHchÿbn¬ n߃°pw rØw sNøm≥ Ignbp∂p. ChnsS B Hcp t_m[sØbmWv Pnbmbn Kpcp]dbp∂Xv . Pn k¿hØntbpw Pn∏n°p∂hfmWv ,k¿hNn¥Itfbpw Pn∏n°p∂hƒ. Cu Nn∂m`nbn¬ a vebn®ptNcptºmƒ AXn¬n∂v Hcp mZw DXncp∂p. nßsfckn∏n°p∂ Hcp mZw. F√m mZßfpw Dbn¿sIm≈p∂XvlrZbØns‚ BgØn¬n∂mWv . CX p n߃°vAp`hthZyambn´pt≠m F∂dnbn√. shdpsX Ccn°p∂kabØv D≈nte°v ImXv Iq¿∏n°pIbmsW¶n¬ a vH®hbv°p∂Xp tIƒ°m≥ Ignbpw. Ieln°p∂Xp tIƒ°m≥ 48
  • 49. Ignbpw. i_vZap≠m°p∂Xp tIƒ°m≥ Ignbpw. c≠p sNhnbpwthWsa¶n¬ ssIhnc¬sIm≠p s]mØn∏nSn®v _mlyambi_vZsØ tIƒ°mØ hn[Øn¬ AS®p]nSn®mepw a n¬i_v Z tImemle߃ S°p∂ Xp tIƒ°m≥ Ignbpw.CsXßsbmWv kw`hn°p∂Xv ? nßfpsS D≈n¬Xs∂a v i_vZap≠m°p∂p≠v. a ns‚ Cu i_vZw kwKoXa√.a ns‚ i_vZsØ tImemlew F∂p ]dbpw. i_vZPmew almcWyw NnØ{`aWImcWw. amknItcmK߃°p apgphpw ImcWw a ns‚ i_vZtImemleßfmWvF∂p i¶cmNmcycpw ]dbp∂p. Cu tImemlesØ Nn∂m`nbn¬ebn∏n°ptºmƒ AXn¬n∂pw Ddhs]m´p∂ a{µa[pcambncn°p∂kwKoXw nßsf mZ`qanIbnemgvØp∂p. At∏mƒ Hm¶mcØns‚auap{ZnXambncn°p∂ mZhoNnIƒ lrZbm¥cØn¬n∂ptIƒ°m≥ Ignbpw. B nanjØn¬ PohnXw Gsd kpXmcyambncn°p∂ Hcp Ap`hambnØocpw. PohnXØnse F√mØcØnep≈k¥m]ßfpw AkvXan®v apjy≥ kzXth Bµap≈ Hcphy‡nbmbn Ahs‚ t_m[Øn¬ ]cnWan°p∂p. Cu Hcp am‰wapjy≥ B{Kln°p∂p≠v. CXnte°p≈ bm{X F{Xam{XwXo£vWam°m≥ Ignbp∂pthm A{Xam{XamWv Ahs‚ hnPbw. kwKoXkm{µambncn°p∂ Cu Ap`hsØ°pdn®v Hcp IYKpcp°∑m¿ ]dbmdp≠v. Hcn°¬ hfsc kwKoX{]nbmbncp∂Hcp cmPmhp≠mbncp∂p. At±lw Xs‚ sIm´mcØn¬ HcpkwKoXhncp∂v SØm≥ B{Kln®p. B m´nse G‰hpw √kwKoX⁄sbmWv A∂sØ kwKoXhncp∂np ]mSphmmbn£Wn®ncp∂Xv. At±lw √ kwKoX⁄≥ BbXpsIm≠pXs∂ Hcp hyhÿ apt∂m´ph®p. kwKoXw {ihn®v Bsc¶nepwicocw Cf°pItbm Xebm´pItbm sNbvXn´ps≠¶n¬ Bhy‡nbpsS Kft—Zw SØpw F∂Xmbncp∂p B hyhÿ.Fs¥∂m¬ At±lØns‚ kwKoXw A{Xam{Xw elcn]nSn∏n°p∂Xmbncp∂p. kwKoXØn¬ XmXv]cyap≈ BcpwAXptI´m¬ BkzmZyXbpsS ]q¿ÆXbn¬ kzbtaBSnt∏mIpw. cmPmhnv CXp tI´t∏mƒ hnjaambn. F∂mepwcmPmhv m´nseßpw Adnbn®p. kwKoXw tIƒ°phm≥ hcp∂h¿BcpwXs∂ Xebm´pItbm icocw Cf°pItbm sNøcpXv. CnAΩ-bpsS D◊ Adn-hns‚ sXfna 49
  • 50. Bsc¶nepw Aßs sNbvXm¬ Abmsf sIm∂pIfbpw. CXptI´t∏mƒ Iptd BfpIsfm∂pw h∂n√. F√mh¿°pw acWsØ`bamWt√m. hfsc Ipd®pt]¿am{Xw acWsØ hIhbv°msXkwKoXw tIƒ°phm≥ h∂p. kwKoX⁄≥ ]m´pXpSßn. Iptdtcw BfpIƒkwKoXØns‚ amkv a cnIambncn°p∂ elcnbn¬ _ew]nSn®ncps∂¶nepw ]ns∂ Nnescms° BSm≥ XpSßn.cmPmhnXp {i≤n°p∂p≠mbncp∂p. Cu apjy¿°p acWsØt]Snbnt√ F∂mWv cmPmhv hnNmcn®Xv. acWsØ `b°msXCu apjy¿ Xebm´pIsbms° sNøp∂t√m. Ipd®pIgn™t∏mƒ ]Øp]{¥≠ v BfpIƒ kwKoXØns‚elcnbn¬ FWo‰pn∂p rØw sNøm≥ XpSßn. C{XbpwBfpIƒ Cu kwKoXw tI´p h[n°s∏Spat√m F∂p cmPmhvhnNmcn®p. kwKoXw Ign™t∏mƒ cmPmhv ]d™p: “C{XbpwBfpIƒ AßbpsS kwKoXw tI´v Xebm´pIbpw icocwNen∏n°pIbpw sNbvXp. Aßp ]d™t]mseXs∂ Chsch[n®pIfbm≥Xs∂bmWv Xocpamn®ncn°p∂Xv.” CXptI´v BkwKoX⁄≥ ]d™p: “th≠ Ahsc h[nt°≠. Cu]{¥≠pt]sc Is≠Øm≥ th≠nbmbncp∂p Rm≥ ChnsSCu kwKoX°t®cn SØnbXv. Cn Cu ]{¥≠pt]¿°mbnRm≥ icn°pw kwKoXw Hcp°p∂p≠v. ImcWw, Cu ]{¥≠pt]cmWt√m acWsØ hIhbv ° msX kwKoXØns‚Bp`qXnIambncn°p∂ XeØnte°v Cdßnh∂Xv.” km[mcW Ωƒ ChnsS tIƒ°p∂ ]m´pIsfm∂pwkwKoXa√. n߃°m¿s°¶nepw Im‰ns‚ kwKoXwBkzZn°m≥ Ign™n´pt≠m? agbpsS kwKoXw BkzZn°m≥Ign™n´pt≠m? Cn CSnsh´ns‚ kwKoXw BkzZn°m≥Ign™n´pt≠m? {]IrXnbpsS Bchßfnencn°p∂kwKoXsØ BkzZn°phm≥ Ign™n´pt≠m? ΩpsS BXeØnep≈ F√m BkzmZßfpw acn®pt]mbvsIm≠ncn°pIbmWv . ]Icw Ir{Xnaambncn°p∂ i_v Z ßfpsStImemleßfn¬ a v hym]cn®psIm≠ncn°p∂p. ChnsS KpcpΩsf £Wn°p∂Xv A¥cmflmhns‚ mZ`qanbn te°mWv.A¥cmflmhns‚ cknjyµnbmb mZ`qanbnea¿∂v 50
  • 51. PohnXØns‚ [yambncn°p∂ nanjsØ Ap`hn°phmp≈£WamWnXv. CXp n߃°pw Ignbp∂XmWv. F√mhcpsSPohnXØnepw B[ymflnIX {]m]yambn´p≈XmWv .A{]m]yambn´p≈X√. A{]m]yambn CXnssbm∂pw[cn°m≥ ]mSn√.AΩ-bpsS D◊ Adn-hns‚ sXfna 51
  • 52. c≠v C√m-X -am-b-bn-Sp-ap-√m-k-sam-∂p-a-dn˛ h√m-sX-bn-√n-epw - I√m-gnbpw I-ep-a-√msX iqy-a-Xp˛ sa√m-sam-cm-Zn-bdnhmw - X√m-Lhw ]d-In-en-√m-cWw {Inb-Iƒ a√m-Sp-In√ aXnbo k√m`-sam-∂p-a-Xn-sb-√m-hcpw Xncbp˛ ap√m-L-t_m-[-P--o!C√mX ˛ kXy-Øn¬ C√mØambbnSpw ˛ amb-aqew Df-hm-Ip∂D√m-k-sam∂pw ˛ {]]-©-cq-]-Øn-ep≈ {]Xo-Xn-Iƒ H∂pw-Xs∂Adn-h-√msX C√ ˛ Adn-h-√msX thsdm∂pw A√.An-epw ˛ Im‰pwI√pw B-gnbpw ˛ ]rYn-hn-bm-bn-cn-°p∂ I√pw Pe-am-bn-cn-°p∂ BgnbpwIepw ˛ A·nbpwA√msX iqy-aXpw ˛ am{X-a√ BIm-ihpwF√mw ˛ Ch-sb√mwHcp BZn Adnhmw ˛ Htc-sbmcp BZn-a-t_m-[-am-Wv.XXv emLhw ]d-In¬ ˛ AXns‚ eLpXzw ]d-bp-I-bm-sW-¶n¬C√ BcWw {Inb-Iƒ ˛ A¥x-kw-L¿j-ßfpw I¿Ω- _mlp-eyßfpan√mØ Ah-ÿ-bm-Wv.aXn a√m-Sp-In√ ˛ B Ahÿbn¬ t_m[w a√-Sn-°p- I-bn-√.Cu k√m`w H∂paXn ˛ Cu kXym-p-`q-Xn-bpsS Htc- sbmcp t´w Fnbv°p aXn.F√m-hcpw Xncbpw ˛ F√m-hcpw Pn⁄m-k-tbmsS Xnc-™p-sIm-≠n-cn-°p∂D√m-Lt_m[P-o ˛ B-µ-t_m-[-a-bn-bmb AΩ-bmWp o. 52
  • 53. C√mbvabpsS h√mbva ]cam¿∞Øn¬ D◊ C√mØ amb Dfhm°p∂ {]]©mp`h߃ H∂pwXs∂ t_m[kØbn¬n∂pw Aya√. Ane≥F∂m¬ hmbp. I√v F∂p ]d™m¬ `qan. Bgn F∂m¬ Pew.I¬ F∂m¬ A·n. iqyw F∂p ]d™m¬ BImiw.]©`qXmflIamb F√m macq]ßfpw BZnImcWambt_m[kØXs∂bmWv. B t_m[kØbpsS eLpXzsØ°pdn®p ]dbpIbmsW¶n¬ kwL´ßfpw {InbmIem]ßfpwC√mØ AhÿbmWXv. Aßsbp≈ t_m[w a√Sn°pIbn√.AXp icnbmWv, CXp icnb√ F∂ XcØn¬ aqeykwL¿j߃D≠m°pIbn√. kIe PohPmeßfpw Xncbp∂ kXyØns‚km£mXvImcw H∂p am{Xw aXn Fnbv°.v thsdm∂pw th≠.B[nIfn¬n∂pw hym[nIfn¬n∂pw hnap‡amb ]camÀmZkzcq]amb D√mLt_m[w Fn°p`hn°Ww. B[n F∂m¬amknItcmKw. hym[n F∂m¬ imcocnItcmKw. amknIambpwimcocnIambpw D≈ F√m ZpxJßfn¬n∂pw ]oUIfn¬n∂pwhykßfn¬n∂pw Fs∂ hnap‡am°tW, A√tbmD√mLt_m[sØ Pn∏n°p∂ AtΩ. F{X ⁄mkpµcamb{]m¿∞. C√mX ambbnSpw D√m-k-sam∂pw Adn-h-√msX C√. ambC√mØXmWv. D≈X√. At∏mƒ D≈sX¥mWv Fs∂mcptNmZyamWv ΩpsS apºnte°v Kpcp C´pXcp∂Xv. Ch c≠pwXncn®dnbm≥ Ign™ns√¶n¬ Pohn°phmpw hfsc {]bmkamWv.F¥mWv D≈Xv? F¥mWv C√mØXv? D≈Xv F∂p ]d™m¬`qXImeØnepw `mhnImeØnepw h¿ØamImeØnepwam‰an√msXbncn°p∂sXt¥m AXv. Ft∏mgpw D≈ B H∂nskZvhkvXp F∂p ]dbpw. `Khm≥ caWal¿jnbpsS AXypZmØamb Hcp IrXnbpsS t]cv k±¿iw F∂mWv. al¿jn XangnemWvC√mbvabpsS h√mbva 53
  • 54. CsXgpXnbXv. D≈Xp mev]Xv F∂mWv al¿jn Cu IrXn°vt]cp sImSpØXv. al¿jnbpsS hnoX `‡mb ImhyIWvTKW]Xnapn Cu IrXn kwkvIrXØnte°p `mjm¥cs∏SpØn.mev]Xp ]ZyßfmbmWv al¿jn CsXgpXnbXv. {]]©Øns‚D◊sb shfns∏SpØp∂ mev]Xp ]Zy߃ F∂ A¿∞ØnemWvD≈Xp mev]Xv F∂ t]cp sImSpØXv. KW]Xnapn X¿÷asNbvX kwkvIrX {KŸØn¬ mev]Ønmev t«mIßfp≠v.AXn¬ atmhrØnIfmWv temIsØ Iev]n°p∂Xmbn ]dbp∂Xv.kZvhkvXphnemWv F√m hrØnIfpw HSpßp∂Xv. kZvhkvXpNnZvhkvXphpw BµhkvXphpw IqSnbmWv. t«mIØns‚ aebmf]cn`mj CßsbmWv. “temIap≠mhXpw ]ns∂ £bn°Xptam¿°pIn¬ atmhrØntbmsSmØt√; temIw _p≤nhnIev]nXw _p≤n°papeIØnpw P∑miI[maambv tahpw kZvhkvXp kºq¿ÆtaIw P∑mZnh¿÷nXw.” atmhrØnIƒ°v ImcWambncn°p∂ kZvhkvXphmWv D≈Xv.temIambn {]Xn`mkn°p∂ atmhrØnIƒ C√mØXmWv. CuC√mbva F√mh¿°pw F√mbvt∏mgpw t_m[ys∏Sp∂n√. hnthIZibn¬ Hcphv Cu Xncn®dnhp≠mIp∂p. ambbmWv C√mbva°vCShcpØp∂Xv. amb kZvhkvXphn¬ A¥¿`hn®ncn°p∂hntiji‡nbmWv. amb Ap`hßsf apdnhp≈Xm°p∂p. HcphkvXp Nnet∏mƒ `qX-Im-eØn¬ D≠mbncn°mw. F∂m¬ h¿Ø -amImeØnepw `mhnImeØnepw C√. Cn `qXImeØn¬C√mØXmbncn°mw. F∂m¬ h¿ØamImeØn¬ D≈Xmbncn°mw. `mhnImeØn¬ C√mXmhpIbpw sNømw. Cßs aq∂pImeßfnepw amdnamdn h∂psIm≠ncn°p∂XnsbmWv C√mØsX∂p ]dbp∂Xv. Aßs tm°pIbmsW¶n¬ {]]©Ønep≈F√mw C√mØXmWv. GsX¶nepw Hcp ]mdtbm Pohntbm actamaetbm ChnsS tImSmptImSn h¿j߃°papºv D≠mbn Ct∏mƒnen¬°p∂Xmbn n߃°p ImWn®pXcm≥ Ignbptam? F√mwamdns°m≠ncn°pIbmWv. apjys kw_‘n®nStØmfw Ahs‚ Bbp v Gdnbm¬Hcp qdph¿jw. {]]©Øns‚ ImeKWbpambn X´n®ptm°ptºmƒ qdph¿jw hfsc sNdnb Hcp ImebfhmWv. Cu {]]©w 54
  • 55. ISpIpaWnt]mep≈ Hcp hkvXphn¬n∂p s]m´nsØdn®p≠mbXmsW∂v B[pnIimkv { Xw ]dbp∂p. CsXms°nKaßfmWv. sXfnbn°s∏´n´p≈X√. B[pnIimkv{XwsXfnhnp {]m[myw sImSp°p∂ imkv{XamWv. F∂m¬{]]©Øns‚ Dev]Ønsb°pdn®p ]dbptºmƒ A`yqlßfnemWv B[pnIimkv{Xw B{ibw Is≠Ønbncn°p∂Xv.{]]t©mev]Ønsb sXfnbn°m≥ B[pnIimkv{XØnpIgn™n´n√. {]]t©mev]Ønsb°pdn®p≈ ]TsØ tImkvtamKWnF∂p ]dbpw. tImkvtamKWn XmØznIamb imkv{Xambn (theo-retical physics) amdnbncn°pIbmWv. Xnbd‰n°¬ ^nknIvkv F∂p]d™m¬ shdpw NmcpItkcbn¬ Ccp∂psIm≠v ap°vImcy߃ ]dbmw. km[mcW Ωƒ ]dbmdnt√ NmcpItkcmthZm¥w- ˛ Cukn sNb¿ ^ntemk^n F∂v . AXpt]mse^nknIvkpw Hcp CuknsNb¿ ^nknIvkmWv. NmcpItkcbn¬Ccp∂psIm≠v ]dbmw. C∂sØ G‰hpw henb imkv{X⁄≥NmcpItkcbnencp∂p `uXnIimkv { Xw ]dbp∂ Ão^≥lm°nMmWv. At±lØns‚ icocw Xf¿∂pt]mbXpsIm≠v Hcpho¬ sNbdnemWv k©cn°p∂Xv. ImeØns‚ kw£n]vXNcn{Xw ( A Brief History of Time) F∂ hnJymX{KŸw At±lwFgpXn. Ão^≥ lm°nMv NmcpItkcbnencp∂v {]]©Øns‚Dev ] Ønsb°pdn®pw nen¬∏ns°pdn®pw AXns‚hnmisØ°pdn®psams° tΩmSp ]dbptºmƒ Ap`hÿmb Ejn ]dbp∂Xnt°mƒ hmkvXhnIX Cu NmcpItkcmimkv{X⁄≥ ]dbp∂XntmSp ap°p tXm∂p∂p. AXnpImcWw, Pn® A∂p apX¬ sΩ ]d™pt_m[n∏n®ncn°p∂XvImWp∂XmWv kXyw F∂mWv. ImWp∂XmWv kXyw F∂XnvFs¥¶nepw Hcp amZWvUw ΩpsS ssIbnept≠m? HcpamZWvUhpan√. shdptXbßp hnizkn°pIbmWv. IqSpX¬BfpIƒ ]dbp∂Xv kXyamsW∂p hnNmcn°p∂ Hcp{]tXyIXcØnep≈ _p≤nbmWv Ct∏mƒ ap°p≈Xv. IqSpX¬BfpIƒ ]dbp∂Xvv kXyw. Ipd®p t]¿ ]dbp∂Xv AkXyw.F∂m¬ AXmtWm Hcp amZWvUamtI≠Xv? Aßssbmcp amZWv U sØ kzoIcn®pIgn™m¬kXymp`hnIƒ°p `qcn]£w In´msX hcpw. ImcWw hncense C√mbvabpsS h√mbva 55
  • 56. Æmhp∂ Bfl⁄mnIƒ am{Xta Ncn{XØn¬ Xebpb¿Ønn¬°p∂p≈q. Ah¿°p `qcn]£w In´msX hcnIbmsW¶n¬aqey]camb Hcp PohnXhyhÿbpsS kwXpenXmhÿXs∂jvSs∏´pt]mImnSbp≠v. AXpsIm≠v `qcn]£w PßfpsSA`n{]mba√ kXysØ n›bnt°≠Xv. Aßs sX‰mb HcpNn¥bnte°p ΩpsS _p≤n sNcn™pt]mIm≥ ]mSn√.km[mcW Pw HcpXcØnepw AtzjWmflIXbp≈hc√.Fs¥¶nepw tI´m¬ th≠hÆw hnNmcw sNømsX DSsAXßp hnizkn°pw. AXn∏pdtØ°p Ah¿ t]mhpIbn√.AXpsIm≠v B[pnIimkv{XØnv hfsc {]mamWnIXbp≈Xpt]mse Ah¿ IcpXpw. hmkvXhØn¬ AXns‚ {]mamWnIXNpcpßnb tZiImeßfn¬ am{Xta Ap`hs∏Smdp≈q. sNdnbDZmlcWßfneqsS ap°Xp ImWm≥ Ignbpw. IÆmWv ImgvN°p≈ D]IcWw. IÆnv F{XZqcw hsc ImWm≥Ignbpw? AXnsmcp ]cn[nbp≠v. B ]cn[n°∏pdØv IÆnpImWm≥ Ignbn√. am{Xa√, ASpØncn°p∂ Hcp hkvXphnsImWp∂Xpt]msebmbncn°n√ IÆv AIsebp≈ Hcp hkvXphnsImWp∂Xv. AXnpw Nne hyXymkßsfms°bp≠v. BImitØ°p tm°ptºmƒ AhnsS Hcp oena ImWp∂ps≠¶nepw Boena AhnsS C√ F∂p≈Xv ΩpsS AtzjWØns‚ ^eambnsXfn™n´p≈XmWv. AXp ΩpsS ImgvNbpsS ]cnanXn sIm≠mWpAp`hs∏Sp∂Xv. ISens‚ ASpØpsN∂p n߃ tm°q.BImiwh∂p ISente°p CSn™phoWv InS°p∂Xp t]mse IÆv]dbpw. ]t£, Aßs BImiw h∂p ISens kv]¿in°p∂kw`hw AhnsS S°p∂n√. IÆns ]q¿Æambn hnizkn°m≥]‰pIbn√. IÆns am{Xa√ ImXntbpw hnizkn°m≥IgnbpIbn√. ImXnv Fs¥√mw i_vZ߃ tIƒ°m≥ Ignbn√F∂dnbmtam? ]e i_vZßfpw ImXnp tIƒ°m≥ Ignbn√. hfsckq£v a ambn´p≈ i_v Z ßsf ]nSns®Sp°m≥ ]ecpsSImXpIƒ°pw Ignbmdn√. Hcp ]´n°p tIƒ°m≥ Ignbp∂Xpapjyp tIƒ°m≥ IgnbpIbn√. am{Xa√, hfsc ItTmcambNne i_vZ߃ tIƒ°ptºmƒ Ahs‚ {ihtW{µnbwXs∂s]m´nt∏mImnSbp≠v. CsXms° h®ptm°ptºmƒC{µnb߃sIm≠v Adnbp∂sX√mw XmXv ° menIambkXyßfmWv. 56
  • 57. thZm¥w CXns hyht—Zn°p∂Xv CßsbmWv. kXywHt∂bp≈q. F¶nepw AXp aq∂pXcØn¬ ΩpsS apºn¬{]XoXamIp∂p≠v. H∂v Ωƒ ImWp∂ Cu ÿqe{]]©w.ncØneqsS ImtdmSp∂p... AhnsS hmg ´n´p≠v... n߃ ChnsSh∂ncn°p∂p... Rm≥ ChnsS Ccn°p∂p... Cu lmƒ.... Chsbsb√mwhymhlmcnIamb kXyambn a nem°mw. CXnpimizXambncn°p∂ D◊bn√. F¶nepw hymhlmcnIambncn°p∂Cu kabØv, F∂p ]d™m¬ A⁄mZibn¬ Chbv°vbmYmXYyap≠v. ]q¿Æambn C√msb∂p ]dbm≥ IgnbpIbn√.AXpsIm≠v kmamyP߃°v hymhlmcnIamb kXyØns‚{]k‡n D≈XpsIm≠mWv Cßs hymhlmcnIambhm°pIfneqsS hymhlmcnIamb kw`hßfneqsS ]mcam¿∞nIamb kXysØ°pdn®p kwkmcnt°≠nhcp∂Xv. Cn kXyØns‚ c≠masØ Xew {]mXn`mknIamWv.kz]v w ImWp∂Xpt]msebp≈ Ap`hw. AXmWv{]mXn`mknIw. hymhlmcnItemIsØ a nem°p∂XvC{µnbßfneqsSbmsW¶n¬ {]mXn`mknIamb k¶ev]ßsfa nem°p∂Xv A¥°cWßfneqsSbmWv . kz]v wkm¶ev ] nIamWv (conceptual). hymhlmcnI{]]©sØC{µnb߃ sIm≠mWv Adnbp∂Xv. AXp {]Xy£amWv (per-ceptual). C{Xtbbp≈q km[mcW apjys‚ Ap`haWvUew.kXyØns‚ aq∂masØ Xew ⁄mn°v Ahs‚ D≈n¬sXfnbp∂ AJWvUmp`hamWv. ]mcam¿∞nIkXyw F∂p]dbpw. AXp ]caamb A¿∞amWv. ]cam¿∞sØ Adnbp∂Xphsc hyhlmcØnpw {]Xn`mkØnpw {]k‡nbp≠v .]mcam¿∞nIkXysØ Adn™m¬ ]ns∂ hyhlmcØnpw{]Xn`mkØnpw {]k‡nbn√. Cu aq∂pXeßfnep≈kXysØ°pdn®v t_m[ys∏Sptºmƒ ap°p kXymtzjWwFfp∏ambnØocpw. Nne hy‡nIƒ kz]vPohnIsft∏mse Pohn°p∂Xp ImWmw.IemImc∑m¿, IhnIƒ, Nn{XImc∑m¿, kwKoX⁄¿ Ch¿Iptdsbms° Imev]nI PohnIfmsW∂p ]dbmdp≠v. F∂p]d™m¬ Ch¿ {]mXn`mknIkXyßtfmSv ApcWs∏´pPohn°p∂ BfpIfmsW∂mWv . Ch¿ hnNmcn°p∂pbmYm¿∞ytØ°mfpw kXyambncn°p∂Xv Imev]nIXbmsW∂v. 57 C√mbvabpsS h√mbva
  • 58. Ch¿ FgpXn∏nSn∏n°p∂sXms° hmbn®pIgn™m¬ Hcpkz]vtemIØneqsS k©cn°p∂Xpt]mep≈ Ap`hambncn°pw. K{_ntb¬ Km¿jy am¿t°kv tm_¬ kΩmw In´nb HcpFgpØpImcmWv. At±lØns‚ cNIsf√mw Hcp {]tXyIcoXnbnemWv AhXcn∏n°p∂Xv. bmYm¿∞yap≈Xpt]msetXm∂psa¶nepw s]mSp∂s At±lw kzm]vnIambncn°p∂ Hcpkm¶ev]nItemItØ°v apjys sIm≠pt]mIpw. Aßs HcpkmlnXycNm k{ºZmbwXs∂ DSseSpØn´p≠v. B k{ºZmbØnv tm_¬ kΩmw In´p∂psh∂p ]d™m¬ km¿∆{XnIambHcp AwKoImcw AXnp ssIh∂ncn°p∂p F∂mWpa nemt°≠Xv. apjy≥ C∂p {]mXn`mknI kXysØ kzoIcn®vAXnv bmYm¿∞yw sImSpØp Pohn®psIm≠ncn°p∂p.AXpsIm≠mWv K{_ntb¬ Km¿jym am¿t°kns‚ amPn°¬dnbenkw (magical realism) {]k‡ambnhcp∂Xv. amPn°¬ dnbenkwF∂p ]d™m¬ Hcp amPn°pImc≥ iqyXbn¬n∂v hkvXp°sfFSpØv sΩ ImWn°ptºmƒ B hkvXp°tfmSv ap°pbmYm¿∞yØn¬ F∂Xpt]msebp≈ BpIqeyX D≠mIp∂p. ]et∏mgpw ap°ßs tXm∂mdnt√? amPn°pImc≥ iqyXbn¬ns∂ms° Fs¥¶nepw FSpØp ImWn°pw. At∏mƒ ap°ptXm∂pw: A¤pXIcambn°p∂p. {]tXyIn®pw amPn°v ImWm≥Ip´nIƒ°p IuXpIw hcpw. Ip´nIfn¬ BZyImeØv Cu {]mXn`mknIXtbmSmWv {]m[myw D≠mbncn°p∂sX∂mWv AXn¿∞w. Hcp]Øncp]Xp hb phsc Ip´nIƒ Imev]nI PohnIfmbncn°pw.]ns∂bmWv bmYm¿∞yØns‚ XeØnte°v hcp∂Xv. bmYm¿∞ywF∂p ]d™m¬ ]cam¿∞w F∂ A¿∞Øne√. hymhlmcnIambncn°p∂ temIØns‚ XeØntebv°p Cdßnh∂v AhnsS kXysØXncbm≥ XpSßp∂p. Ipd®pIqSn hf¿∂v GIZiw Hcp mev]XphbkmIptºmthbv°pw Ahn¬ ho≠pw am‰ßƒ kw`hn°p∂p.{]mXn`mknIXsb BZyw If™p. ]ns∂ bmYm¿∞ysØ Ifbp∂p.F¥npth≠n? ]mcam¿∞nIambncn°p∂ H∂ntebv°p≈ {]bmWwXpSßp∂Xnpth≠n. AßsbmWv `mcXØn¬ ]pcpjm¿∞ßsfhn`Pn®cn°p∂Xv. {_“Ncyw, Km¿lÿyw, hm{]ÿw, k∂ymkwF∂o mev L´ßƒ. {]mXn`mknIw hymhlmcnIw ]mcam¿∞nIw.]mcam¿∞nIØnteb°v {]thin°ptºmgmWv Hcmƒ Km¿lÿyØn¬n∂v BcWyIØnte°pw k∂ymkØnte°pw IS°p∂Xv. 58
  • 59. k∂ymkØnte°v FØptºmtg°pw ]mcam¿∞nIkXysØH∂p kv]¿in®n´p≠mbncn°pw. ambbmWv {]]©Ønep≈ F√m‰ntbpw D≈Xpt]msetXm∂n∏n°p∂Xv. amb n߃°v ]cnNnXamb ]ZamW.v F√mwHcp amb F∂v kmamyambn mw ]dbmdp≠v. F∂m¬ ChnsSamb F¥msW∂v Ipd®pIqSn hntijn®p tm°mw. ambF√mh¿°pw Ap`hap≈XmWv. Bcpw AXns hy‡ambnXncn®dnbp∂n√ F∂p am{Xw. km[mcWKXnbn¬ F√mhcpwambbv°v hiKcmbncn°p∂hcmWv. mcmbWKpcp ambbv°v Hcpn¿hNw sImSpØncn°p∂Xv, hnZytX bm km amb˛bmsXm∂n√tbm AXmWp amb. F∂mWv. Cßssbmcpn¿hNw sΩ ktµlØnemgvØpw. F¥n√tbm AXp amb.CXp hniZoIcn°mmbn thZm¥Ønse Nne DZmlcW߃Xs∂ ISwsImt≈≠n hcpw. thZm¥Øn¬ hfsc Imeßfmbn]dbp∂ DZmlcW߃ [mcmfap≠v. Ac≠ shfn®Øn¬ Hcp Ib¿Øp≠p ImWptºmƒ AXp]mºmsW∂p sX‰n≤cn°p∂p. Ac≠ shfn®Øn¬ Hcp Ibdns‚IjWw ImWptºmƒ mw hnNmcn°pw AsXmcp ]mºmsW∂v.ap°v ]mºntmSp≈ `bwsIm≠mWv hmkvXhØn¬ B Ibdn¬]mºns ImWp∂Xv. {]tXyIn®pw B Ib¿ InS°p∂ A¥co£w√ kqcy{]Imiw D≈nSamsW¶n¬ `bw D≠mIn√. kmlNcywsIm≠pXs∂ B Ib¿ Ac≠shfn®ØnemWv. hy‡ambnImWmØXpsIm≠mWv ]mºmbn sX‰n≤cn°p∂Xv. Ibdnv Hcp]Øp ao‰¿ ofaps≠¶n¬ ap°Xp ]mºmbn tXm∂pIbn√. Hcpao‰tdm H∂cao‰tdm ap°m¬ao‰tdm ofap≈ Hcp Ib¿°jWambncn°Ww AXv. As√¶n¬ AXp ]mºmbn tXm∂m≥ CSbn√.At∏mƒ ]e ImcW߃sIm≠pw Ac≠ shfn®Øn¬ Ib¿°jWw InS°ptºmƒ AXp ]mºmsW∂p tXm∂p∂p. AXpsIm≠pXs∂ mw `bs∏´v nehnfn°p∂p. F√mhcpw HmSnh∂v F¥p]‰nF∂p tNmZn°ptºmƒ mw ]dbpIbmWv ‘]mºv..]mºv’ F∂v.At∏mƒ HcmfpsS ssIbn¬ s√mcp tSm¿®p≠mbncp∂p.tSm¿®Sn®p tm°nbt∏mƒ AsXmcp Ib¿Øp≠mbncp∂p.AbmfpsS apJØp≠bncp∂ hnjasams° At∏mƒ t]mbn.t]Sn®ncp≠ apJw amdn. {]k∂hZmbn. F√mw Hcp Xamit]mse tXm∂n. Hcp Ib¿Øp≠pI≠mWv Xm≥ C{Xbpw 59 C√mbvabpsS h√mbva
  • 60. `bs∏´sX∂v At±lØnv a nembn. CXmWv thZm¥w]dbp∂ AtIw DZmlcWßfn¬ H∂v. thZm¥Ønv i‡nbp≈ kwhnnab£aXbp≠v. hfsci‡nbp≈ Hcp ktµisØ hnnabw sNøphmp≈ IgnhvCXnp≠v. Cn Cu DZmlcWw h®n´v FßsbmWv {]m]©nIkXyßsf°pdn®p Kpcp ]dbp∂sX∂p tm°mw. {]m]©nIkXy߃ F∂p ]d™m¬ ]©`qXmflIambncn°p∂ Cu{]]©w F∂p a nem°Ww. A©p `qXßsf°pdn®v Cut«mIØn¬Xs∂ ]dbp∂p≠v. I√v, Ane≥, Bgn, I¬, iqyw.Cßssbm∂pa√t√m thZm¥w kwkmcn°p∂Xv. ChnsS `qan°v]Icambn´v Is√∂mWv ]d™ncn°p∂Xv. Ihn°v IhnbptSXmbkzmX{¥yw AphZn®psImSp°Ww. ]rYznbpsS apgph≥{]XoImflIX Hcp I√n¬ sImSpØncn°p∂p. CXmWv IhnbpsSkzmX{¥yw. Bgn F∂m¬ kap{Zw. kap{ZsØ FSpØp PeØns‚{]Xnn[nbm°n am‰p∂p. Ane≥ Im‰v. AXp ]cnNnXambn´p≈XmWv. I¬ A·n°p thsdmcp t]cv. iqyw BImiamWv. D√mkwF∂m¬ F¥mWv? Ahp √ D√mkap≠v, At√? Ah≥D√kn°m≥ t]mhpIbmWv Fs∂ms° mw ]dbmdp≠v. F∂ph®m¬ Bµn°m≥, kt¥mjn°m≥ F∂ A¿∞amWvkm[mcW aps°ms° ]cnNnXambncn°p∂ A¿∞w. F∂m¬Kpcp Aßsb√ ChnsS AXns {]tbmKn°p∂Xv. D√mkwF∂p ]d™m¬ ImWmXncn°p∂ H∂v ImgvNh´Ønte°vhcp∂XnsbmWv. Ahy‡Xbn¬n∂v H∂v hy‡Xbnte°vhcp∂XnsbmWv D√mkw F∂p ]dbp∂Xv v . DZmlcWwFSpØptm°mw. Ac≠ shfn®Øn¬ InS∂ncp∂ Ib¿Øp≠n¬ ]mºnsImWptºmƒ AXv D√mkamWv. B Ib¿Øp≠n¬ C√mXncp∂H∂ns D≈Xpt]mse tXm∂n∏n°p∂ {]{InbsbbmWvD√mksa∂p ]dbp∂Xv. hfsc ckIcamWv Cßsbp≈ `mjD]tbmKn°p∂Xv. AXpt]mse GIambncn°p∂ amaXnbn¬,GIambncn°p∂ Pnbn¬ AtIambncn°p∂ {]]©wD≈Xpt]mse ImWp∂Xns D√mkw F∂p ]dbpw. Cw•ojn¬]d™m¬ manifestation. Adnh√msXbn√˛Cu ImWp∂sXms°Adnh√msX thsdm∂pa√. Adnsh∂p ]d™m¬ t_m[wAYhm Pn. Cu almt_m[a√msX H∂pwXs∂ imizX 60
  • 61. ambncn°p∂ D◊bp≈Xmbn´n√. _m°nsb√mw Cualmt_m[Øn¬h∂p Ipd®ptcw nen∂v AXnte°pXs∂ebn®ptNcp∂ nch[nbmb macq]߃ am{XamW.v msa√mwB {]hmlKXnbnse XcwKßfpw. B {]hmlØn¬s]´pssIImen´Sn°p∂ thfbn¬ ap°Xv hfsc bmYm¿∞yambXpt]mse tXm∂pw. AXpsIm≠v PohnXØn¬ amb hfsc henbHcp {]tlfnIbmWv. amb ImWn°p∂ Xncnadn t_m[n∏n°m≥ th≠n {iocmaIrjvW]calwk¿ Hcp IY ]dbpw. Kpcphns‚ n¿t±i{]Imcw Hcpk∂ymkn hnPamb ÿeØpt]mbn Hcp IpSnepsI´nGImInbmbn Xmakn®p. At±lw k¿hkwK]cnXymKnbmbIpSoNIk∂ymknbmbncp∂p. kz¥sa∂p ]dbmmbn H∂pwXs∂At±lØnp≠mbncp∂n√. XmXv°menIamb Hcp IpSnepsI´nAhnsS Xmakn®pt]m∂p. cmhnse [ymsams° Ign™XnptijwAt±lw {KmaØnte°p S°m≥ t]mIpambncp∂p. FhnsSns∂¶nepw `n£ In´nbm¬ AXpw Ign®v At±lw Xncn®p DSPØn¬h∂v InS∂pdßpw. c≠p tPmSn hkv{X߃ am{Xta At±lØnp≠mbncp∂p≈q. HcpZnhkw [cn® hkv{Xw ]nt‰ ZnhkwhrØnbmbn Ae°nbnSpw. ap≠pw Iu]ohpw. AXmbncp∂p hkv{Xw. Hcp Znhkw `n£°p t]mIp∂Xnpapºv Hcp acØns‚ sImºn¬ap≠pw Iu]ohpw ®v DW°mn´p. Xncns®Ønbt∏mƒAt±lØnv ImWm≥ Ign™Xv, Xs‚ Iu]ow Fen ISn®vndsb Hm´Ifm°n h®ncn°p∂XmWv. Abmƒ°v hfsc hnjawtXm∂n. Xs‚ Iu]oßfn¬ H∂v Fen ISn®p. Cn Iu]owBtcmSp tNmZn°pw? ]nt‰ Znhkw At±lw {KmaØn¬t]mbn`n£sbSpØt∏mƒ BfpItfmSp ]d™p, Xs‚ Hcp Iu]owFen ISn®p in∏n®psh∂v. Ah¿°p k∂ykntbmSp klXm]wtXm∂n. BfpIƒ At±lØnv Hcp Iu]ow hmßns°mSpØp.]nt‰ Znhkw `n£°pt]mIp∂ kabØv B Iu]ow ]pc∏pdØvDW°mn´p. ]pc∏pdØv Fen hcnIbns√∂v At±lw hnNmcn®p.F∂m¬ `n£sbSpØp Xncn®ph∂ kabØv Fen AXv ISn®pnch[n IjWßfm°nbn´ncn°p∂p. At±lw Gsd ZpxJn®p. Cn BtcmSp t]mbn tNmZn°mmWv ? ]nt‰ Znhkw{KmaØnte°p sN∂t∏mƒ {KmaoW¿ ]d™p: “nßsfmcp]q®sb hf¿ØWw. ]q®sb hf¿Ønbm¬ FenbpsS ieyw 61 C√mbvabpsS h√mbva
  • 62. Hgnhm°mw.” At±lØnv AXp icnbmsW∂p tXm∂n.{KmaØn¬n∂pw Hcp ]q®sb hmßns°m≠ph∂p. ]q® h∂t∏mƒFenIsf√mw AhnsSn∂pw c£s∏´p. At±lØnp hfsckt¥mjambn. B ]q®sb At±lw hfsc kvtln®p. ]q®ImcWamWt√m Fen t]mbXv. B ]q®°v At±lw `n£sbSp°m≥ t]mIptºmƒ ]m¬ hmßn®psIm≠phcpw. AßsIpd®pZnhkw Ign™p. Fs∂∂pw ]m¬ Bhiys∏´t∏mƒ{KmaoW¿ k∂ymkntbmSp ]d™p: “n߃ F¥nmWv C{Xbpw_p≤nap´n ]m¬ hmßp∂Xv. Hcp ]iphns hf¿Ønbm¬ t]mtc?”AXp icnbmsW∂p k∂ymkn°p tXm∂n. At∏mƒ {KmaoW¿At±lØnsmcp ]iphns sImSpØp. At±lw B ]iphnssIm≠pt]mbn hf¿Øn. ]iphnp ]p√pw hbvt°mepsams°sImSp°Ww. hbvt°menmbn At±lw {KmaØn¬ sN∂t∏mƒAh¿ ]d™p: “B{iaØnp Np‰p]mSpw ImWp∂ Ipsdÿeap≠t√m. AhnsSsbms° Fs¥¶nepw Irjn sNbvXv n߃hbvt°mep≠m°q.” AXptI´v At±lw Irjnbnd°nbt∏mƒHcp]mSv BfpIfpsS klmbw thWw. Bsc¶nepw klmbn°phm≥Ds≠¶n¬ ∂mbncp∂psh∂p At±lØnptXm∂n. {KmaoW¿]d™p: “Xm¶ƒs°mcp hnhmlw Ign®pIqtS?” AXpw icnXs∂F∂p k∂ymkn°ptXm∂n. Aßs At±lw IeymWw Ign®p.ho´nepw ]cnkcØpw Ip™p߃ ]n®h®p S°m≥ XpSßn.At±lØns‚ PohnXw hymhlmcnIamb temIØnte°vAt±lsØ hen®ng®p sIm≠phcnIbmbncp∂p. Hcp Znhkw Kpcp At±lsØ ImWphmmbn h∂p. Kpcp{KmaoWtcmSp tNmZn®p: “ChnsS Fs‚sbmcp injyp≠mb ncp∂pht√m. FhnsS t]mbn At±lw?”BfpIƒ Hcp hoSpNq≠n°mWn®psImSpØp. B ho´nte°v Kpcp Ibdns®∂t∏mƒinjy≥ `mcybptSbpw Ip´nIfptSbpw IqsS Ifn®pckn°pIbmbncp∂p. Kpcphns I≠t∏mƒ injyp s]mSp∂skzt_m[w h∂p. tam£Ønmbn Kpcp Xs∂ ]d™b®p. Xm≥GtXm Hcp ambm{`aØn¬s]´n´v Cßssbms° Bbnt∏mbn.injytmSp Kpcp tNmZn®p: “Cßs kw`hn°m≥am{Xwns°¥p]‰n?” At∏mƒ injy≥ ]d™p: “Kptcm, CsX√mwHcp Iu]ow hcpØnh® hnbmWv.” amb ΩpsS ]n∂mºpdØpIqsS IS∂phcp∂ Hcp 62
  • 63. i‡nbmWv.AXp ΩpsS PohnXsØ Im¿∂pXn∂v _‘n∏n®vZpxJ`qbnjvTamb Ahÿbnte°v hen®ng®v sIm≠pt]mIp∂p.Cu i‡nsb hfsc Aht_m[tØmSpIqSn tm°ptºmƒam{Xta ImWm≥ IgnbpIbp≈q. AXpsIm≠v Cu Hcp{]tlfnIsb mcmbWKpcp Btflm]tZiiXIw F∂IrXnbn¬ A¿∞i¶°nSw hcmØ coXnbn¬ shfns∏SpØp∂p. “{]IrXn ]nSn®p Npg‰nSpw {]Imcw kpIrXnIƒt]mepatlm! Npg∂nSp∂p; hnIrXn hnSp∂Xnmbn the sNbvho˛ eIrXn ^em{Kla‰dnt™SWw.” {]IrXn F∂Xv ambbpsS thsdmcp t]cmWv. Cu ambh∂vF{Xhenb kpIrXnItfbpw Npg‰nsbSpØv sIm≠pt]mIpw. IS¬ΩpsS ImenSnbnep≈ aÆns ]Xps°]Xps° Xpc∂pIf™vΩsf ISente°v hen®psIm≠pt]mIp∂Xp t]mse, amb sΩkwkmc°Sente°v BI¿jn®psIm≠pt]mIp∂ hfsc{]_eambncn°p∂ Hcp i‡nbmWv .AXpsIm≠v ambsbAXnewLn°m≥ Hcp {]m¿∞bmbn Kpcp ]d™p Xcp∂p: “obt√m ambbpw ambmhnbpw ambmhntmZpw obt√m ambsb o°n kmbpPyw ¬Ipamcypw”. AtΩ, obmWt√m amb. o Xs∂bmWv ambmhn. Cuambbn¬ hkn°p∂ ambmhntmZpw o Xs∂. ambmad o°nkmbpPyw ¬Ip∂ Bcypw o Xs∂. ssZhØnv Cu {]]©krjvSnbpw kwlmchpw Hcp eoeam{XamWv . ssZhØns‚ ckIcambncn°p∂ eoebn¬AtXt]mse ]¶mfnbmIm≥ IgnbpIbmsW¶ntem? PohnXwF{X kpµcambncn°pw. PacWßsf√mw shdpw eoeIƒam{Xw. ckIcamb Hcp Ifn. sIm®pIp´nIƒ aÆ∏w Np´pIfn°pIbpw B aÆ∏ßsf X´ns∏m´n®p IfbpIbpw sNøp∂Xpt]msebp≈ ckIcamb Hcp eoe. AΩbpw A—pw a°fpwapØ—pw apØ»nbpsams° Ifnbnse IYm]m{XßfmWv.AXmWv ssZhw tm°nn∂psIm≠v ckn°p∂Xv. AXpsIm≠vambmhntmZ≥ F∂p ssZhsØ hnfn°p∂p. sΩ ]nSn®Sp∏n®p 63 C√mbvabpsS h√mbva
  • 64. tam£sØ D≠m°nØcp∂hpw ssZhw Xs∂. ambsb o°nkmbpPyw ¬Ip∂ Bcypw ssZhwXs∂. At∏mƒ Ωfn¬ambsb D≠m°p∂Xpw _‘sØ D≠m°p∂Xpw Cu_‘ßfn¬ ckn°p∂hpw _‘sØ am‰n ap‡m°nXcp∂hpw Hs° ssZhw Xs∂bmWv. AXv mcmbWKpcphfsc ckIcambn ]d™pXcp∂ps≠¶nepw ΩpsStcmKmXpcamb Kuchw Ifbm≥ mw Xømd√. ΩpsS {]iv ߃ XpSßp∂Xv mw PohnXØntmSpImWn°p∂ kao]Øn¬n∂mWv. Hcp AΩtbm A—tmIp™ns hf¿Øptºmƒ Ah¿ B Ip™ns‚ hf¿®bn¬s]mSp∂s Kuch°mcmbn amdp∂p. Xs‚ Ip™v BcmbnØocWsa∂pw F¥mbnØocWsa∂pw AΩbpw A—pw kz]vwImWp∂p. Ah¿ B{Kln°p∂Xpt]mse Xs∂ Ip™vBbnØocWw F∂ imTyw PohnXØn¬ A¥¿`hn°p∂p.F∂m¬ F√m Ip™pßfpw ssZhkrjvSnIfmWv. ssZhamWvAhs hf¿Øp∂Xpw ]cn]men°p∂Xpw. Hcp Ip™vBcmbnØocWsa∂p≈ hmkmssh`hhpw k¿§tijnbpwssZhwXs∂ Ahn¬ nt£]n®p h®ncn°p∂p. F√m PohnXhpwssZhØnnWßp∂ XcØnembncn°Ww. C°mcyw Ip´nIsfhf¿Øp∂ c£nXm°ƒ ]et∏mgpw ad∂pt]mIp∂p. Ip™ns‚D≈nencn°p∂ i‡ntNmZsb kzbta hnScphmp≈kmlNcyw am{Xta A—Ωam¿ Hcp°ns°mSpt°≠Xp≈q.AΩbptStbm A—t‚tbm n›bßfnembncn°cpXv Ahs‚PohnXw DubemtS≠Xv. ZpxJap≠mIp∂Xv Aßs hcptºmgmWv.mw ΩpsS ImaIƒ°pkcn®p ΩpsS kz]v ߃Ip™pßfn¬ ASnt®ev]n°m≥ {ian°ptºmƒ Ip™pßfn¬ssZhØns‚ C—bps≠∂ Imcyw ad∂pt]mIp∂p. AXp ΩƒXncn®dntb≠ Hcp kwKXnbmWv . CXmWv ambbpsS{]tlfnImPyambncn°p∂ Hcp i‡n. Cn Cu t«mIØns‚ c≠masØ ]IpXnbn¬ ]dbp∂p,X√mLhw ]dIn¬. emLhw F∂m¬ eLpXzw. eLpXzwF∂Xns‚ hn]coXw KpcpXzamWv. F∂p ]d™m¬ `mcap≈Ahÿ. hfsc `mcap≈Xpt]msebmWv km[mcW°m¿°pPohnXw. PohnXØns‚ XmßmmhmØ `mcwsIm≠vBfllXy sNøp∂hcp≠v. Cu `mcsØ _m[yX F∂p Nne¿ 64
  • 65. ]dbmdp≠v. Fns°mcp]mSp _m[yXIfp≠v. kmºØnI_m[yXIƒ.. c‡_‘ßtfmSp≈ _m[yXIƒ.. IS∏mSpIƒ...Cßs Hcp]mSv _m[yXIƒsIm≠p apjy≥ ´wXncnbp∂p.Kpcp ]dbpIbmWv , XXv emLhw ]dIn¬˛nßfpsSD≈nencn°p∂ t_m[Øns‚ eLpXzw BtemNn®m¬. C√BcWw {InbIƒ˛AhnsS HcpXcØnep≈ aqeykwL¿jßfpan√. BcWw F∂Xns‚ efnXamb A¿∞w CXmWv.Hcp kwL´hpw C√. kz—ambncn°p∂ Pecmint]mse hfscsXfnbabp≈XmWv B t_m[w. AXnv HcpXcØnepw `mcan√.A∏q∏≥XmSnt]mse arZphm¿∂... `mcan√mØ ΩpsShy‡nXzw. Ωƒ kzbta IcpXpIbmWv Fs¥mcp `mcamWvCu PohnXØns∂v. HcΩbv°p Ip™v Xs‚ Ip™msW∂p tXm∂ptºmƒ BIp™ns FSpØv H °Øp hbv ° m≥ Hcp `mchpwD≠mbncn°n√. Hcp hkvXp Xt‚X√mØXmsW∂p tXm∂ptºmƒ B hkvXphns sIm≠pS°p∂Xp aps°{X `mcamWv.F∂p ap°p temIw Ωn¬n∂v Ayambncn °p∂Xpt]msetXm∂p∂pthm A∂v ap°v Cu temIw `mcamWv. F∂p ap°pHcp sXmgn¬ Fs‚ tPmenb√ F∂p tXm∂p∂pthm A∂v BsXmgn¬ `mcamWv. F∂p Hcph≥v Fs‚ kplrØ√ F∂ptXmp∂pthm A∂v B kplrØv `mcamWv. AXpsIm≠vap°v G‰hpw Ffp∏ap≈ Hcp B≤ymflnIX F∂p ]dbp∂XvF√mw Ft‚XmWv F∂p ]dbp∂XmWv. Cu `qan apgph≥Ft‚XmWv . Cu BImihpw £{Xhpw agbpw F√mwFt‚XmWv . At∏mƒ ap°v H∂ntmSpw AyXzwtXm∂pIbn√. lrZbØn¬ F√m‰ntbpw ]p¬Imp≈hnimeX D≠mIpw. At∏mgmWv ]dbp∂Xv , X√mLhw ]dIn¬ C√mcWw{InbIƒ a√mSpIn√ aXn Cu k√m`w H∂paXn. k√m`sa∂m¬kXyØns‚ em`w. Cu kXymp`hØns‚ t´w.... Fn°Xpam{Xw aXn. Fs‚ `mc߃ apgphpw t]mIWw. AXnsmcpt]mwhgnbmWnXv. F√mw Ft‚XpXs∂. Cu temIØpn∂pwn߃°p c£s∏Sm≥ IgnbpIbn√. F¥mbmepw n߃Pn®p. Cn hfsc eLpXztØmsS Pohn°mw., F√mwFt‚XmsW∂v hnNmcn°pI. AXmWv PnbpsS hgn. C√mbvabpsS h√mbva 65
  • 66. D]njØv AXnv “CXn CXn”F∂mWv ]dbpI. Cu ItkcsbNq≠n CXv ssZhamtWm? AsX CXv ssZhamWv F∂p ]dbWw.Cu `qan ssZhamtWm? AsX. ssZhamWv. Cu BImiwssZhamtWm? AsX. ssZhamWv . F√mw ssZhamWv .ssZha√mØsXm∂pwXs∂ ChnsSbn√. F¥psIm≠vssZha√mØ H∂pwXs∂ ChnsSbn√ F∂p ]dbp∂Xv ? KpcpAXns ]dbp∂Xv, ‘ImcyØn¬ nev]Xnl ImcWkØsbty’ F∂mWv. Cu ImcyPmeambncn°p∂ {]]©Øn¬ImcWkØbmb PKZw_nIbmWv nhkn°p∂Xv. Pnbn¬n∂pw kwPmXamb Cu {]]©w PnXs∂bmWv .AXnp]Icw mmhn[ambncn°p∂ apjycpw arKßfpw]ip°fpw ]£nIfpw BImihpw acßfpw amaeIfpw Hs°bmbnCXns thsdthsd cq]Øn¬ ImWptºmƒ B PnbmIp∂ImcWkØsb Ωƒ ad°pIbmWv . mcmWKpcphns‚Z¿iamebnse c≠masØ Z¿iØn¬, ‘ssNXymZmKXwÿqekq£vamflIanZw PKXv’ F∂p ]d™ncn°p∂p. Cu{]]©w ssNXyØn¬n∂mWv D≠mbn´p≈sX∂v .ssNXyambncn°p∂ amaXnbn¬n∂mWv Cu {]]©wD≠mbn´p≈Xv. AXv Htckabw ÿqehpw kq£vahpamWv.Kpcphns‚ Hmtcm t«mIhpw CXpambn _‘s∏´p InS°p∂XmWv. AXpsIm≠v a√mSpIn√ aXn. a√Sn°pIbn√. Ipcpt£{Xbp≤`qanbn¬h®v A¿÷ps‚ a n¬ D≠mbncn°p∂ HcpaqeykwL¿jap≠v. bp≤w sNøm≥ k∂≤mbn Ipcpt£{XØn¬h∂ A¿÷ps‚ a v a√Sn°m≥ XpSßn. Rm≥ bp≤wsNøpIbn√ IrjvWm F∂p ]dbpIbpw KmWvUohw hens®d nbpIbpw hnjmZa·mbn tX¿Ø´n¬ Ccn°pIbpw s]m´n°cbpIbpwIÆpo¿ hm¿°pIbpw Hs° sNbvXpsIm≠ncp∂ A¿÷ps‚NnØw a√Snbv ° pIbmbncp∂p. Ft∏msg¶nepw ap°pwCßsbp≈ {]ivw hcmw. a v a√Sn°mp≈ km[yXbp≠v.Cu k√m`w H∂paXn˛ a√Sn°mØ, kwL¿jclnX ambncn°p∂Cu aXn H∂pam{Xw aXn. aXn F∂p ]d™m¬ t_m[w. F√mhcpw Xncbpw˛Cu AΩsbXs∂bmWv F√mhcpwXncbp∂Xv. Cu AΩsb A√msX thsd H∂ntbpw BcpwXncbp∂n√. kIePohPmeßfpw AßsXs∂bmWv. tbipinjy∑mtcmSv ]dbp∂p: “Atzjn°phn≥ Is≠Øpw.” 66
  • 67. Atzjn°msX H∂pwXs∂ n߃°p In´pIbn√. HcpZnhkwFn°v BflXv⁄mw D≠mIpsa∂p IcpXn mw NpΩmCcp∂mtem? NpΩmbncp∂m¬ Ccn°p∂ {]XeØn¬ ]p√papfbv°pw F∂√msX thsd H∂pw kw`hn°pIbn√. AXpsIm≠mWv ]dbp∂Xv XncbWw F∂v. Ωƒ kXysØAtzjn°Ww. kXysØ Atzjn°phmp≈ HcpDØchmZnØsa¶nepw Ωfn¬n∂p≠mIWw. AhnsSbmWvapjy≥ Ahs‚ Pohs‚ DØchmZnXzw Gs‰Sp°p∂Xv. Pohs‚e£y{]m]vXn°pth≠nbp≈ klImcnbmbn apjy≥ Xocp∂Xv.Ωƒ Hmtcm Pohpw AXns‚ ]q¿ØoIcWØnpth≠nssZhsØ klmbnt°≠Xmbn´p≠v . ssZhw Ωfnte°vImcpWyh¿jw sNmcnbWsa¶n¬ Ωƒ ssZhØnte°vklIcn®psImSpt°≠Xmbn´p≠v. Ωƒ ka¿∏n°s∏tS≠Xmbn´p≠v.At∏mƒ D≠mIp∂ PohnXw hfsc BµXpµneambncn°p∂ D√mLt_m[Øn¬n∂mbncn°pw. D√mLw F∂p]d™m¬ F¥mWv ? tcmKclnXambncn°p∂ t_m[w˛B[nhym[n clnXambncn°p∂ t_m[w. AXt√ F√mhcpwB{Kln°p∂Xv . B t_m[sØ Pn∏n®pXcp∂ AtΩ,AΩbpsS apºn¬ Rm≥ Fs‚ kakv X PohnXtØbpwka¿∏n°p∂p. AΩbpsS AXnc‰ ImcpWyh¿jw F∂n¬kw`hn°phmmbn Cn F{Xmƒ ImØncn°Ww? CXvBflm¿∞ambncn°p∂ {]m¿∞bmbn ΩpsS D≈n¬kw`hn°s´. 67 C√mbvabpsS h√mbva
  • 68. aq∂v D≠m-bn-am-dp-a-dn-hp-≠m-bn-ap-∂-anXp I≠m-Sp-awK-aIhpw - - sIm≠m-bncw Xc-an-cp-≠m-ibw {]Xn-Np˛ cp-≠m-a-l- n¬ adbpw I≠m-ep-ao- n-e-bn-ep-≠m-I-bn-√-dn-h˛ JWvUm-p-`q-Xn-bn-segpw X≠m-cn¬ hoWp a[p-hp-≠m-c-an-°p-samcp h≠mWp kqcn kpIr-Xo.D≠mbn amdpw Adnhv ˛ D≠mbn ne-n∂v ad-™p-t]m-Ip∂ Xc- Øn-ep≈ sF{µn-bhpw am-kn-I-hp-amb Ap-`h-߃ap∂w D≠mbn ˛ BZn-bn¬ D≠mbn.CXp I≠v ˛ Cu Ap`-h-]-c-º-c-I-fn¬ XmZm-fly-s∏´vBSpw AwK-a-Ihpw ˛ ico-chpw a pw N]-eambn BSp-∂Xn-m¬ - -sIm≠vBbncw Xcw Ccp≠v ˛ B Ap-`h-ß-fpsS tijn-∏p-I-fmb FÆ-a‰ Ccp≠ kwkvIm-c-߃Bibw {]Xn Npcp≠v ˛ I¿Ω-k-©-b-ß-fmbn hmk-m-a-WvU-e- Øn¬ Npcp-≠pIqSnB al- n¬ adbpw ˛ B alm-t_m-[-Øn¬ ad-™p-t]m-Ip-∂p.Cu ne-bn¬ I≠mepw ˛ t_m[-hr-Øn-I-fpsS Cu {]hm-l-]-cn-W- Xnsb I≠mepwAdnhv D≠m-I-bn√ ˛ XmØzn-I-amb Adnh-√msX Bp-`q-Xn-I- amb ⁄mw D≠m-hp-I-bn-√.kqcn kpIrXn ˛ hmk-m-miw D≠mb Hcp ⁄mnX≠m-cn¬ hoWv ˛ Xma-c-bpsS tX≥nd™ A√n-°p-S- Øn¬ h∂n-cp∂va[p D≠v Bc-an°pw ˛ am[p-cy-aq-dp∂ tX≥ IpSn®v ckn-°p∂Hcp h≠mWv ˛ atZm-∑Ømb Hcp a[p-]s-t∏m-se-bmWv. - - - - 68
  • 69. a[phpÆp∂ kqcnkpIrXnIƒ P o h-c-Xv-a-RvP-cn-bpsS c≠p t«mI-ß-fn-eqsS IS-∂p-t]m-hp-I-bp≠mbn. B t«mI-ß-fpsS ]Z-]-cn-N-bhpw A¿∞-]-cn-N-bhpw Ipsd-sbms° ap-°p-≠m-bn. am{X-a√ Hmtcm t«mI-Øn-t‚bpw Imhy-kp-j-abpw ]cn-N-b-s∏-´p. Kpcp-hns‚ Aym-Zr-i-amb ax-im-kv{X-]m-cw-K-Xbpw GI-tZiw ]cn-Nbw h∂p-I-gn-™p. B≤ym-fln-I-Xsb hfsc kwK-rlo-X-am°n sIm®p-sIm-®p- hm-°p-I-fn¬ nth-in-∏n-°p-hm-p≈ n]p-WX Kpcp-hnpAkm- a m- y- a mbn Ds≠∂p c≠p t«mI- ß ƒ ]cn- N - b n®-t∏mƒXs∂ a- n-em-bn. F∂mepw ]q¿W-ambn B t«mI-߃AXns‚ tXmSp-Iƒ s]mfn®p Ω-psS D≈n¬ hy‡-XbpsSkºq¿Æ-kv^p-cWw D≠m-°n-sb∂p ]d-bm≥ Ign-bn-√. F¥m-bmepw CXp kXysØ Adn-bp-hm-p≈ A`n-n-th-isØ Pn-∏n-°pw. kXymp`hw hmNn-I-amb Hc-dn-hm-bn a- n-em-°m≥ ]mSn-√. AXp mtam-tcm-cp-Øcpw A¥-cm-flm-hn-te°v Atz-jn-®p-t]m-Ip∂ Hcp kml-kn-I-X-bm-Wv. A]q¿hwNne¿°v Ah-cpsS D≈n¬Ø-s∂-bn-cn-°p∂ ⁄m-kq-cysZ¿in-°p-hm-p≈ ku`mKyw D≠m-Ip-∂p. AXp kz]-£-Øp-n-∂p≈ Atz-j-Ww-sIm-≠p- am-{X-a-√ kw`hn°p∂Xv. Kpcp-]-£-Øp-n∂pw Cuiz-c-]-£-Øp-n-∂p-w D≈ Ap-{K-l-Øns‚ ]obq-j-h¿jm-h-enbmbpw kw`hn°pw. kXysØ mw Atz-jn-®p-I-s≠Øpw F∂p≈ imTyw hen-sbmcp Al-¥sb D≠m-°m≥km[y-X-bp-≠v. hfsc {i≤m-¿∏nXambn kXysØ Atzjn®ns√¶n¬ Ωƒ tSnsbSpØn´p≈ AdnhpIƒ sΩXs∂hngpßn°fbpw. AdnhpIƒ sΩ IogS°ptºmƒ mwhensbmcp Al¥bp≈hcmbnØocp∂p. B≤ymflnIXbpsS F√m hißtfbpw khnkvXcwN¿® sNøphmpw {]Xn]mZn°phmpw Ignbp∂ ]finXintcmaWnIsf [mcmfw Cu temIØp ImWmmIpw. ]t£, Ahsca[phpÆp∂ kqcnkpIrXnIƒ 69
  • 70. sbm∂pw Bfl⁄mnIsf∂p ]dbphm≥ IgnbpIbn√.Kpcp°∑mcpsS hN pIƒ°v Hcp {]tXyI am[pcyap≠v. B am[pcywAhcpsS Ap`qXnbpsS am[pcyamWv. Ah¿ shdpsX ]dbpIb√.Ap`hn®Xns ]dbpIbmWv. Ap`hhpw _p≤n]camb{KlWhpw XΩnep≈ A¥camWv mw Cn ]dbp∂ t«mIØn¬{]Xn]mZn°p∂Xv. Kpcphns°pdn®v {ihn°ptºmƒ D≠mIp∂Xv_p≤n]camb HcdnhmWv. AXhnsS Ahkmn°m≥ ]mSn√. AXpnßfpsS AtzjWØns‚ Bcw`ambncn°s´. Bip≤ambncn°p∂ A¥°cWhrØnIsf h®psIm≠pXs∂n߃ apt∂m´pt]mhpI. Aßs apt∂m´pt]mIptºmƒ: “Hcp ]XnmbncamZntXbscm∂mbv hcphXpt]mse hcpw hnthIhrØn Adnhns aqSpanXyambbmao˛ bncpfnsbo¿s∂gpamZnkqcyt{X.” Ap`hsØ ]dbm≥ IgnbmsX hcptºmƒ Kpcp ImhymflIambnØocp∂p. Hcp ]Xnmbncw kqcy∑m¿ Hcpan®v DZn®pb¿∂t]msebp≈ {]Imi[hfna ΩpsSbp≈n¬ A⁄mØns‚apgph≥ Klzcßtfbpw t`Zn®psIm≠p h∂pndbp∂p. kzmp`hambXpsIm≠v KpcphnXp ]dbphm≥ Atijw sshjayap≠mhp∂n√. BZnkqcy≥ F∂p ]dbp∂Xv, Cu BImiØv{]Imin®p nev°p∂ `mpamsb√. BZnkqcy≥ HtcmcpØcptSbpw lrZbØnencp∂v tim`n°p∂ BflkqcymWv. “Cuizc k¿∆ `qXmmw lrt±ti A¿÷p XnjvTXn {`mab≥ k¿∆ `qXmn b{¥mcqVmn ambbm.” A¿÷pm, F√m PohnIfptSbpw lrZbØn¬ Ccp∂psIm≠vCuizc≥ {]Imin°p∂p≠v. b{¥Ønte‰nb hkvXp°sft∏mseF√m PohnItfbpw Cuizc≥ Np‰nØncn®psIm≠ncn°p∂p. Htc kqcy≥Xs∂ F√m lrZbßfnepw {]Imin°p∂p.Hmtcm Pohn°pw B PohnbpsS lrZbØnte°p tm°nbm¬B kqcys‚ {]Imiw ImWmw. ]ns∂ F¥mWv B kqcysImWmp≈ XS w? B kqcys ImWmp≈ XS w a mWv,A¥°cWamWv, Nn¥IfmWv, ap≥[mcWIfmWv, kwibß 70
  • 71. fmWv , Cu¿jyIfmW,v A]I¿jXmt_m[amWv , ΩpsSAl¥bmWv . Chsb√mw ΩpsS A¥°cWØnseaXnepIfmbn h¿Øn°ptºmƒ Bflkqcys‚ tim` ap°v]q¿Æambn e`n°msX t]mIp∂p. CXmWv XS ambncn°p∂Xv. At∏mƒ mw F¥p sNøWw? mw sΩ Ipd®pIqSnASpØdnbWw. Ipd®pIqSn ASpØdnbpI F∂p ]d™m¬,nXy PohnXØn¬ Ap`hßfpsS bmYm¿∞ysØ°pdn®p≈Adnhv, amdnadn™psIm≠ncn°p∂ Adnhv, amdmsXbncn°p∂Adnhv Chsbms° kq£v a ambn tmt°≠Xmbn´p≠v .Adnsh∂p ]d™m¬ Ap`hw F∂pw A¿∞saSp°mw. km[mcW Ωƒ hnZymebØn¬ t]mbn ]Tn°ptºmƒA≤ym]I≥ ]d™p Xcp∂ hnhcßfpsS (information)pdpßpIsf hn⁄mw (objective knowledge) F∂p ]dbpw.CXpt]mep≈ Iptd AdnhpIƒ ap°p≠mhpIbmsW¶n¬Hcn°¬ ]q¿Æamb Adnhp≈hcmbnØocmw F∂p mwhnNmcn®pt]mIpw. sNdp∏Øn¬ Ip´nIƒ Aßs hnNmcn°mdp≠v˛Hcn°¬ Rm≥ Cu temIØnep≈ F√m AdnhpIfpwkzmbØam°pw F∂v. Aßs GsX¶nepw Hcmƒ°v ]q¿ÆXhcpsa∂p IcpXp∂pt≠m? Hcmƒ°pw Aßs ]q¿WXhcnIbn√. F{Xam{Xw Ωƒ hnhc߃ tiJcn°p∂pthmA{Xam{Xw PohnXØnv A]q¿ÆX D≠mhpItbbp≈q.A{Xam{Xw Ωƒ AkwXr]vXcmhpItb D≈q. AXpsIm≠mWvhnhc_mlpeyØns‚ bpKambncn°p∂ C∂v apjy¿ IqSpX¬AkwXr]vXnbntebv°v t]mIp∂Xv. Htcm hnhchpw Al¥bpsShnImkØnv hgnshbv ° p∂p. a ns‚ hnImkØnvhgnhbv ° p∂p. a v hnIkn°p∂tXmSpIqSn apjy≥AkwXr]vXmIp∂p. a mWv ZpxJØnv ImcWambncn°p∂Xv. F¥psIm≠mWv cmP-Ip-am-c-mb kn≤m¿∞s‚ a n¬AkwXr]vXnbp≠mbXv? £WnIambncn°p∂ PohnXsØ°pdn®p≈ Aht_m[w kn≤m¿∞s‚ D≈n¬ mºn´t∏mgmWvAt±lØnv AkwXr]vXn D≠mbXv. £WnIambncn°p∂Cu PohnXØn¬ £WnIhkv X p°ƒ°pth≠n ΩƒSØp∂ {]bmWßfpw AtzjWßfpw kºmZyßfpwkpc£nXcmImp≈ sh{]mfhpw AXn- e qsS Ahkmwap°p≠mIp∂ ]cmPbhpw sΩ IqSpX¬ B≤ymflnIamb a[phpÆp∂ kqcnkpIrXnIƒ 71
  • 72. hgnbneqsS bm{XsNøphm≥ t{]cn∏n°p∂p≠v. Fs¥√mwkºmZy߃ D≠mbmepw FhnsSsbms°tbm ΩpsSbp≈n¬Hcp Ac£nXmt_m[w (insecurity feeling) BSnbpe™psIm≠ncn°p∂p≠v. F√mhcpw IqsS Ds≠¶nepw c£bv°mbnIqsS Bcpan√t√m F∂ t_m[w. ΩpsS A¥cwKa¿ΩcßsfH∂p ssIamdmmbn... BtcmsS¶nepw samgnbphmmbn AXp{ihn°phm≥ Ignbp∂ Hcp hy‡n C√t√m F∂p ap°p]et∏mgpw tXm∂mdp≠v. `mcy ASpØncn°ptºmgpw `¿Øm-hnsB GImInIX (lonliness) th´bmSns°m≠ncn°p∂p.bm{¥nIbpKØn¬ ap-jy≥ Ap`hn°p∂ Cu GImInIXsbFßs t`Zn°m≥ Ignbpw? AXmIsh sΩ hebwsNøp∂XmWv. F{X Bƒ°q´ØnnSbnembmepw ap°v BGImInX Ap`hs∏Sp∂p≠v . AXns t`Zn°Wsa¶n¬A¥°cWsØXs∂ t`Znt°≠Xmbn´p≠v. AXntebv°p {i≤sImSp°p∂ Hcp t«mIamWv ASpØXmbn Kpcp ]d™p Xcp∂Xv. D≠mbn amdpw Adnhv˛Pn®p amdnamdn h∂psIm≠ncn°p∂Adnhv. D≠mbn ap∂w˛BZyta D≠m-bn. F∂p krjvSn D≠mtbmA∂p apX¬ t_m[Øn¬ AdnhpIƒ amdnamdn h∂psIm≠ncn°p∂p. CXv I≠v ˛ Adnhns‚ Cu kv^pcWßfmIp∂ {]m]©nImp`hßsf I≠v. BSpw AwKw AIhpwsIm≠v ˛ AwKw F∂p]d™m¬ km[mcW KXnbn¬ Ahbhw F∂p ]dbmw. ChnsSicocsØ apgphmbpw FSpØn´mWv AwKw F∂p ]dbp∂Xv.AIw F∂p ]d™m¬ A¥°cWw. {]m]©nImp`hßsfI≠psIm≠v a pw icochpw Nm©mSns°m≠ncn°pIbmWv.{]m]©nImp`hßsf ImWptºmƒ a vv IpXnsIm≈pw. a vIpXn-sIm-≈p-tºmƒ C{µnb߃ AXns ]nSn°mmbn ]n∂mset]mIpw. CXmWv apjys‚ kz`mhw. apjya ns‚ Cu kz`mhsØ ]et∏mgpw Hcp a¿°Ss‚{]IrXhpambn D]an®pImWmdp≠v . a¿°S≥ km[mcWa¿°S√. aZy-]n® a¿°-S-m-Wv. a¿°-S≥ aZy]n®p Ign™m¬Nm©m´w IqSns°m≠ncn°pw. Aßs aZy]n® a¿°Ss HcpIS∂¬ IpØnbm¬ Fßsbncn°pw. AXpt]msebmWvapjya .v CXv hfsc icnbmWv. a v Ft∏mgpw N©eambns°m≠ncn°pw. a- nv H∂p In´ptºmƒ AXv t]mcm,Cnbpw thWw F∂p tXm∂pw. AXv GXpImcyØnembmepw 72
  • 73. AßsXs∂bmWv. AXpsIm≠v BSpw AwKw AIhpwsIm≠vBbncw Xcancp≠v˛FÆa‰ hnjbßfnte°v kwKs∏´v. Hcp{]tXyI `mjbmWnXv. AXp ]n∂oSv hniZoIcn®p ]dbmhp∂XmWv. Htcmtcm Bibßfmbn Npcp≠p Npcp≠v t_m[Øns‚Bgßfnte°vv AXp t]mbvadbpw. B alkn¬ adbpw˛HmtcmAp`hhpw Hcp kv a cWbmbn, B kv a cW ]ns∂ Hcpkwkv I mcambn ad™pad™p t]mIp∂p. I≠mepw Cunebn¬˛Cu Ap`hw _p≤n]cambn I≠mepw, _p≤n]cambna nem°nbmepw AXpsIms≠m∂pw ΩpsS ZpxJwian°pIbn√. ΩpsS _‘w amdpIbn√. n߃ F{Xam{Xw B≤ymflnI {]`mjW߃ tI´mepwtIƒ°p∂ kabØp n߃°ptXm∂pw C{Xbt√ D≈q F∂v. CXpa nem°mmtWm nc¥cambn {]`mjW߃s°ms° t]mIp∂XvF∂v. tI´mepw I≠mepw Cu ]q¿ÆX ΩpsS D≈n¬ hcn√. AXnvho≠pwho≠pw ΩpsS AtzjWsØ ssc¥cytØmSpIqSnXpS¿∂psIm≠pt]mtI≠Xmbn´p≠v. Ap`hw D≠mIp∂Xphsc Hcpnanjhpw A{i≤ambn Ifbm≥ ]mSn√. Ft∏mgpw a nsBflmhn¬ A¿∏n®psIm≠v Atzjn®m¬ Ap`qXn Ωn¬kw`hn°pw. AJfimp`qXnbnsegpw ˛ AJfimp`qXn F∂p ]d™m¬F¥mWv? km[mcW Ap`hßsfms° JfinXßfmbncn°p∂Ap`hßfmWv (divided knowledge). ChnsS Kpcp AJfimp`qXnF∂p ]dbp∂p. Hcn°epw apdn-bmØ, hn`PnXa√mØ (undivided),GIambncn°p∂ Ap`qXnbn¬n∂v DW¿∂p hcp∂ Ap`hw.D≈ns‚ D≈n¬ Bbncw Zeßfp≈ Hcp ]pjv]w hncnbp∂Xpt]msebmWv Bflmp`qXn. ImhymflIambmWv AXv Kpcp ChnsSAhXcn∏n°p∂Xv. X≠mcn¬ hoWp a[php≠v Bcan°pw. a[pDÆpI F∂Xv hiyamb Hcp {]tbmKamWv. Bflmp`qXnbpsSa[p pI¿∂v AXn¬ can®psIm≠ncn°p∂ Hcp h≠nst∏msebmWv kpIrXnbmb Bfl⁄mn. CXns‚ A¿∞w t]mIp∂Xp tm°q. `mj {]Xy£oIcWsØIh®phbv°p∂p. CsXmcp imkv{X`mjb√. imkv{X`mjbv°vkpn›nXambncn°p∂ A¿∞koaIƒ D≠mbncn°pw. CXvimkv{X`mjbmsW∂v ]dbm≥ Ignbp∂n√. F∂m¬ CXn¬imkv{XØns‚ AdnhnsXs∂bmWv {]Xn]mZn°p∂Xv. imkv{Xw 73 a[phpÆp∂ kqcnkpIrXnIƒ
  • 74. F∂p ]dbp∂XntmsSm∏wXs∂ nKqVambncn°p∂ Hcp⁄msØbpw CXn¬ nthin∏n°p∂p≠v. AXns anÃnknkwF∂p ]dbpw. AXpsIm≠nXns Htc-k-abw imkv{Xsa∂pwnKqV hnZysb∂pw hnfn-°m-hp∂ Hcp Imhy-am-bn Icp-X-Ww.Ncn{XØn¬ A]q¿∆-ambn am{X-ta Cß-s-b≈ cN--Iƒ kw`-hn-°m-dp-≈q. km[m-cWKXn-bn-sem∂pw Cß-s-bp≈ cN--IƒΩƒ I≠p-ap-´m-dn-√. F{X hmbn-®mepw AhcpsS D≈n-te°vCXns‚ hy‡X IS-∂p-h-cmØ-Xp-sIm≠v Cu cN-sb ]ecpwAh-K-Wn-°m-dp-≠v. AsX--¥p-sIm-s≠-∂p-tNm-Zn-®m¬, hmevao-In-cmam-bØn¬hmevaoIn Nne-t∏m-sgms° kar≤amb Imhy-I-ev]--Ifn-te°pIS-∂p-t]m-Ip-∂-Xp-t]m-se-Xs∂, Chn-sS Kpcp AhmNyambAp`qXnsb ]d-tb-≠n-h-cp-tºmƒ AXnssbmcp Imhy-I-ev]--bm-bn Ah-X-cn-∏n-°p-∂p. Fhn-sS-bmtWm hm°pw a pw ne-®p-t]m-Ip-∂Xv AhnsSsbms° Kpcp AXp ]d-bm≥ Ihn-XsbsIm≠p-h-cp-∂p. imkv{X-Ønv hm°pw a pw ne-bv°p-I-bn-√. imkv{X-Ønv imkv{Xo-b-amb Hcp Imcyw ]d-bp-hm≥ hm°p-sIm≠pw a-   p- s Im≠pw Ign- b pw. F∂m¬ Ap- ` q- X nsb]I¿∂p-X-cp-hm≥ hm°pw a pw ap°v ]cym-]vX-am-hp-I-bn-√.AXv A]-cym-]vX-am-bn-h-cp-∂p. Ahn-sS-bmWv CØ-c-Øn-ep≈IhnX kw`-hn-°p-∂-Xv. AJ-WvUm-p-`q-Xn-bn-segpw X≠m-cn¬hoWp a[p-hp-≠ m--c - an-°p-samcp h≠mWp kqcn kpIr-Xn. Cn ap-°n-Xns‚ D≈n-eqsS H∂p IS-∂p-tm-°mw. D≠mbnamdpw Adnhv D≠mbn ap∂w. ]ecpw krjvSn-sb-°p-dn®v ]d-bm-dp-≠v. Cu {]]©w Cuiz-c≥ krjvSn-®p. Cuiz-c≥ F∂mWvkrjvSn®-Xv F∂-Xnv Hcp-]mSp IW-°p-Iƒ ]e ]pcm-W-ß-fn-epap-≠v. B[p-n-I-im-kv{X-Øn-epap≠v IW-°p-Iƒ. ]e-X-c-Øn-ep≈ IW-°p-Iƒ ]d-bp-∂p-s≠-¶nepw F∂p krjvSn S∂pF∂p-≈Xns-∏‰n IrXyamb Ime-K-W--sbm-∂p-an-√. F∂m¬ krjvSn-bpsS Hcp kz`mhw ΩpsS Pohn-X-Øn¬ap-s°∂pw Ap-`hap-≈Xm-W.v InS-∂p-dßn-°gn-™m¬ Dd-ßp∂ - - - - -ka-bØp {]]©w Ωn-en-√. {]]©w ap-s°mcp Ap-`ham-Ip- - -∂-tX-bn-√. At∏mƒ {]]©w Fhn-sS-t ∏mbn? F∂m¬ DW¿s∂-Wo-°p-tºmƒ Cu {]]©w ΩpsS apºn¬ Ap-`hambn hcn- - -Ibpw {]m]-©n-Im-p-`-h-߃ ap-°p-≠mhp-Ibpw sNøp-∂p. 74
  • 75. {]]©w Bhn¿`hn°p∂Xpw t]mbn-adbp-∂Xpw t_m[-Øn-emWv. - -At∏mƒ krjvSn, ÿnXn, hne-bw Cu aq∂p kw`-hßfpw S- -°p-∂Xv Hmtcm hy‡n-bp-tSbpw D≈n¬X-s∂-bm-Wv. Cu ImWp∂ hkvXp-n-jvT-amb {]]-©-Øns‚ D◊sb ]cn-tim-[n-®m¬ B hkvXp-n-jvTX Bfl-n-jvT-X-bp-ambn _‘-s∏-´-Xm-sW∂v a- n-em-°m≥ Ign-bpw. ‘Rm≥’ C√m-sb-¶n¬Cu hkvXp-n-jvT-am-bn-cn-°p∂ {]]-©-Ønv AkvXnX D≠m-bn-cn-°p-I-bn-√. D◊-bp-≠m-bn-cn-°p-I-bn-√. hmkvX-hn-IX D≠m-bn-cn-°p-I-bn-√. Cu {]]©sØ Ap-`-hn-°p∂ Fs‚ ]¶m-fnØw C√msb-¶n¬ Cu {]]©w D≠m-bns´¥p Imcyw? AXp-sIm≠v Rmn-tmSp _‘-s∏-´mWv F√mw ChnsS ne-sIm-≈p-∂-Xv. Ap-`-hn-°p∂ Cu Rmn-s√¶n¬ ]©-`q-Xm-fl-I-am-bn-cn-°p∂ Cu {]]©w Ap-`-h-th-Zy-am-hp-I-bn-√. Hmtcm-cp-Ø-cn-tebpw Rms∂ B tI{µsØ a- n-em-t°-≠-Xm-bn-´p-≠v.Kpcp tNmZn°p∂Xv, Fhn-sS-bmWv D≠mbn amdn-a-dn-bp∂ AdnhvXpS-ßp-∂Xv F∂mWv. KpcpXs∂ Adnhns c≠mbn hn`-Pn®p ]d™p-Xcp-∂p. c≠p - -Xc-Øn-ep≈ Adn-hp-≠v. H∂v tkm]m-[n-I⁄mw. c≠v ncp-]m-[n-I⁄mw. tkm]m-[nIw F∂p]-d-™m¬ D]m-[n-tbmSp-Iq-Sn-b-Xv. ncp-]m-[nIw F∂p ]d-™m¬ D]m-[n-bn-√m-Ø-Xv.Ct∏mƒ Fs‚ IÆn-n-Øncn ImgvN Ipd-hp-s≠¶n¬ Rm≥ HcpIÆS D]tbm-Kn®p hmbn-°p-∂p. AhnsS IÆ-S-bmWv Fs‚D]m-[n. IÆ-Sbn-eqsS Rm≥ A£-c-ßsf hmbn-s®-Sp-°p-tºmƒ --IÆS Hcp D]m-[n-bmbn hcp∂p. Cu I-Æ-S°p-Xs∂ Ipd®pa™ndap-s≠-¶n¬ Rm≥ tm°p∂ temI-Ønpw a™-ndam-bn-cn-°pw. ImcWw Fs‚ D]m-[n-bpsS kz`m-h-a-p-k-cn®v Rm≥ImWp∂ temI-Ønpw Nne hyXym-k-߃ D≠m-bn-cn-°pw.n߃s°-√m-h¿°pw nß-fp-tS-Xm-bn-´p≈ Hcp D]m[n nß-fpsS D≈n-ep-≠v. AXns A¥-I°cWw F∂p ]d-bpw. D≈n-en-cn-°p∂ D]m-[nsb A¥-°cWw F∂pw ]pd-Øn-cn-°p∂ D]m-[nsb _mly-I-cWw F∂pw ]d-bpw. ΩpsS ]pd-Øn-cn-°p∂ D]m-[n-Iƒ Fs¥m-s°-bmWv? IsÆmcp D]m-[n-bm-Wv. IÆp-sIm≠v ImWp-∂p. ImsXmcp D]m-[n-bm-Wv. ImXp-sIm≠v tIƒ°p-∂p. aqs°mcp D]m-[n-bm-Wv. Cu D]m-[n-sIm-≠mWv K‘sØ Adn-bp-∂-Xv. ms°mcp D]m-[n-bm-Wv. mhp- a[phpÆp∂ kqcnkpIrXnIƒ 75
  • 76. sIm-≠mWv cpNnsb Adn-bp-∂-Xv. Xz°v Hcp D]m-[n-bm-Wv.Xz°psIm≠v kv]¿isØ Adn-bp-∂p. Cu A©v D]m-[n-Ifpw_mly-IcWßfmWv. _mly-IcWßfmb Cu D]m-[n-bn-eq-sS- - - - - - - - -mw {]]-©sØ Adn-bp-∂p. CXv imkv{X-Øn‚ `mj-bn-eq-sS-bmWv ]d-™p-X-cp-∂-Xv. Ihn-X-bm-bn-cn-°p-∂ Cu cN-sbimkv{X-Øn-te°v X¿÷a sNbvXv, imkv{X-Øn-te°v ]cn-h¿Øn-∏n®v ]d-bp-tºmƒ n߃°p {Kln-°m≥ Ffp∏w Ign-bpw. {]]©w A©p `qX-߃ tN¿∂-Xm-Wv. ]© F∂m¬ A©v.A©p `qX-߃ GsXm-s°-bmWv? BIm-iw, hmbp, A·n, Pew,]rYn-hn F∂n-hbm-Wh. Cu A©p `qX-߃ ]e A-p]m-XØn¬ - - - -tN¿∂-XmWv {]]-©w. Hcp sNSnsb FSp-Øp-tm-°pI-bm-sW-¶n¬B sNSn-bn¬ `qan-bp-≠,v Pe-ap-≠,v A·n-bp-≠,v hmbp-hp-≠,v BIm-i-ap-≠.v ΩpsS ico-cØnepw Chsb√map≠v. ]©-`q-Xm-flIam- - - -bn-cn-°p∂ hkvXp-°ƒs°m≠mWv ico-csØ n¿Ωn-®n-cn-°p-∂-Xv. ico-cØn¬ [mcmfw iqy-XIfp≠v. B iqyX BIm-iam-W.v - - - -ico-cØnse {]mWmWv hmbp-hm-bn-cn-°p-∂Xv. AXp-sIm≠v mw -izkn-°p-∂p. `£Ww Ign-®m¬ B `£-WsØ Zln-∏n-°p∂A·n ΩpsS D≈n-ep-≠.v ico-cØnse Fgp]-Xp-iXam-hpw Pe- - - -am-W.v ico-cØns‚ D≈n-se c‡w-t]m-ep≈ {Zhyß-sf√mw Pe- -am-Wv. Jc-cq-]-Øn-ep≈ hkvXp-°ƒs°m-≠mWv Ahbh߃n¿Ωn-®n--cn-°p-∂X.v AXp-sIm≠v ]rYn-hn-bp-ap-≠.v GXv Ap-]m-X- -Øn-emWv CsX√mw tN¿∂p-hcp-∂sX-∂v n›-bn-°p-∂Xv Hmtcm- - -cp-Øcp-tSbpw ]n∂n-en-cn-°p∂ I¿Ω-am-Wv. - I¿Ωw hfsc nKqV-am-bn-cn-°p∂ XØz-am-Wv. KWn-X-]-c-am-bn-cn-°p∂ kq£va-X-tbmsS hy‡-am-°m≥ Ign-bmØ H∂m-Wv I¿Ω-X-Øzw. Hmtcm Pohpw DS-se-Sp-°p-∂Xv B ico-c-Øns‚ ]n∂n-ep≈ I¿Ω-Øm-emWv. I¿Ω-sØ-°p-dn®v a- n-em-°p-∂Xv hfsc {]bm-k-ap≈ Imcy-am-Wv. Hmtcm I¿ΩhpwHmtcm ico-csØ cq]o-I-cn-°p-∂p. ]©-`q-Xm-fl-I-am-bn-cn-°p∂ {]]-©sØ Adn-bp∂ ]t©-{µn-b߃ _mly-am-Wv. IÆp-sIm-≠p-I≠mepw B ImgvN ]q¿Æ- - -am-bn-cn-°p∂ Adn-hns Xcp-∂n-√. AXnp a v IÆns‚]n∂n¬ thWw. DZm-lcWØnv, BZy-am-bn Rmsmcp ssat{Im- - - -t^m¨ ImWp-I-bmWv. I≠mepw Fn-°Xv F¥m-sW∂v Adn-bm≥ Ign-bp-∂n-√. At∏mƒ Rm≥ BtcmsS¶nepw tNmZn-°pw, 76
  • 77. “CsX-¥m-Wv?” ASp-Øn-cn-°p∂ Hcmƒ ]d-™p-X-∂p, CsXmcpssat{Im-t^m¨ BsW∂v. ssat{Im-t^m¨ F∂ hm°p tI´-t∏mƒ Fn°v sNdp-Xm-sbm∂p kam-[m--am-bn. Fs‚ tNmZy-Øns‚ DØcw Hcp hm°mbn Fn°p In´n. At∏mƒ ssat{Im-t^m¨ F∂ hm°n-tmSv tN¿Øv ssat{Im-t^m-Wns‚ cq]-tØbpw Fs‚ a- n¬ kq£n-®p-hbv°pw. ]ns∂ Fhn-sS-h®v -Ft∂mSp tNmZn-®mepw, ssat{Im-t^m¨ C∂ cq-]Øn-ep-≈Xt√, - -AsX-n-°dnbmw F∂p Rm≥ ]d-bpw. - CXp-t]mse Cu {]]-©Øn¬ F√m hkvXp-°tfbpw Ωƒ - -FÆn Xn´-s∏-SpØn a- n-em-°p-∂p-≠.v Hmtcm-∂ns FSpØv CXpacw, CXv Acw, CXp hmg, CXp aÆv Fs∂ms° FÆn-sbÆn]d-bp-∂p. At∏mƒ F√m-‰npw t]cp-≠.v t]cn-s√-¶n¬ AsXm-∂n-tbpw a- n-em-°m≥ Ign-bn-√. Ωƒ ImWp∂ F√m-h¿°pwt]cp-≠.v t]cv ΩpsS hy‡n-Xz-am-bn-cn°p-∂p. t]cp ]d-™m¬C∂ Bsf Fn°v Hm¿Ωn-°m≥ Ign-bpw. {]Ir-Xn-bn¬ HmtcmhkvXp-hnpw t]cp sImSpØv B t]cns‚ cq]hpw AXn-tmSvtN¿Øv kq£n-®p-hb°p∂ CS-sØ-bmWv as ∂p ]d-bp-∂X.v - v - Aßs tm°p-tºmƒ Fs¥√mw Imcy-ß-fmWv nß-fpsSa- n-ep-≈-Xv. Pn®p hoW A∂p-ap-X¬ I≠Xpw tI´Xpw aW-ØXpw cpNn-®Xpw kv]¿in-®Xpw F√mw nß-fpsS a- n¬]e-t]-cp-I-fn¬ Ccn-°p-∂p-≠v. a v F∂m¬ hm°pw hm°n-tmSp tN¿∂ {]Xn-`-bp-am-Wv. {]Xn` hm°ns‚ D≈n-en-cn-°p∂cq]amWv. Aßs t]cpw {]Xn-`bpw tN¿∂mWv a v cq]-s∏-Sp-∂-Xv. C{Xbpw ]d-bm≥ ImcWw ap-°v sΩ-°p-dn®p a- n-em-°m≥th-≠n-bm-Wv. F¥p I≠mepw a- nv CS-s]t´ ]‰q.AXp-sIm-≠mWv tkm]m-[n-I⁄mw F∂p ]d-bp-∂Xv. a pw - -C{µn-b-hp-am-Ip∂ D]m[nI-fn-eqsS Adnbp-∂-sX√mw tkm]m-[n-I-⁄m--am-Wv. tkm]m- [ n- I - ⁄ m- - Ø ns‚ {]tXy- I - X - s b- ¥ mWv ? AXvCt∏mƒ Adn-bp-∂-Xp-t]m-se-bm-bn-cn-°n√ msf Adn-bp-∂-Xv.{iocm- a - I r- j v W - ] - c - a - l w- k ¿ Hcp- Z m- l - c Ww ]d- b pw. HcmƒtdmUn¬IqSn S-∂p-h-cp∂ ka-bØv Hcp ac-Øn-¬ Hcp PohnCcn-°p-∂Xp I≠p. AXns‚ ndw a™bm-Wv. Abmƒ°-XnsI≠-t∏mƒ IuXpIw tXm∂n. Abmƒ thKw Bfp-Iƒ IqSp∂Aßm-Sn-bn¬ h∂p-n∂v ]d-™p. Rm≥ hcp-∂hgn°v ac-Øn¬ - - 77 a[phpÆp∂ kqcnkpIrXnIƒ
  • 78. Hcp Pohnsb I≠p. AXns‚ ndw a™-bmWv. Ipd®p Ign™t∏mƒ thsdm-cmƒ B hgntb h∂p. Abmfpw I≠p ac-Øn¬Hcp Pohn Ccn-°p-∂-Xv. At∏mfXns‚ ndw ]®-bm-bn-cp-∂p.Abmƒ Aßm-Sn-bn¬h∂v Bfp-ItfmSv ]d-™p, Rm≥ hcp∂ -hgn°v ac-Øn¬ Hcp Pohnsb I≠p. AXns‚ h¿Æw ]®-bm-Wv.thsdm-cmƒ B hgn-bn-eqsS IS-∂p-h-∂-t∏mƒ B PohnsbAbmfpw I≠p. AXns‚ h¿Æw B ka-bØv sNa∏mbn-cp-∂p.Abmfpw Aßm-Sn-bn¬h∂v Bfp-I-tfmSv ]d™p, RmsmcpPohnsb I≠p. AXns‚ h¿Æw sNa-∏m-Wv. aq∂p-t]cpw aq∂p-X-c-Øn¬ Htc Pohn-sb-°p-dn-®p-Xs∂ ]d-™t∏mƒ AhnsS IqSn- -bn-cp∂ Hcmƒ°v kwi-bam-bn. n߃ I≠Xv Hcp Pohn-sb-Ø- -s∂-bm-tWm? AtXm ]e Pohn-I-tftbm? Ah¿ X¿°n-°m≥XpS-ßn. Rm≥ I≠ Pohn a™-bm-sW∂v H∂m-a≥ ]d-™p. ]®-bm-sW∂v c≠m-apw sNa-∏m-sW∂v aq∂m-apw ]d-™p. X¿°waqØ-t∏mƒ _p≤n-am-mb B ap-jy≥ ]d-™p ap°p t]mbntcn´p I≠p a nem°mw F-∂v. tcn´p sN∂p tm°n-bt∏m- -ƒ Ah¿ I≠Xv Hcp Hm¥n-s-bm-Wv. Hm¥np ]e ka-bØv]e h¿Æ-ßfnte°v amdm≥ Ign-hp-≠v. _p≤n-am-mb Bƒ°Xp -a- n-embn. At±lw ]d-™p-sIm-Sp-Øp. n߃ Hcp Pohn-sb-Ø-s∂-bmWv ]e kµ¿`-Øn¬ I≠-Xv. ]e kµ¿`-ßfnepw B -Hm¥pXs∂ ]e h¿Æ-Ønepw Ccn-°p-Ibm-bn-cp-∂p. AXp-sIm≠mWv n߃°v ktµlw D≠m-b- Xv. CXp-t]m-se- Cu temIØv Hcp ]Xn-m-bncw h¿j-߃°papºp-≠m-bn-cp∂ {]m]-©n-Im-p-`-h-ß-fpsS kz`m-h-am-bn-cn-°n√Ct∏mƒ Cu Ime-L´-Øn¬ ap-°p-≠m-Ip-∂-Xv. hcm-n-cn-°p∂ImeØpw ]e coXn-bnepw {]m]-©n-Im-p-`-h-߃°p hyXymkwD≠m-bn-cn-°pw. am-kn-I-am-bn-cn-°p∂ D]m- [n-bpsS hnIm-kØn- --p-k-cn®v Pohn-Xm-p-`-h-߃°pw hyXymkw D≠m-bn-cn°pw.sIm®p-Ip-´n-bm-bn-cp-∂-t∏mƒ ap-s°mcp ]mh-°p-´nsb X∂p-I-gn-™m¬ kt¥m-j-am-Ip-am-bn-cp-∂p. ]t£ Ipd-®p-IqSn apXn¿∂p-I-gn-™m¬ ]mh-°p-´nsb sIm≠p-h∂v ΩpsS ssIbn¬ h®p-X-∂m¬ kt¥mjw tXm∂p-I-bn-√. At∏mƒ ap°v [w In´n-bm-emWv kt¥mjw D≠m-hp-I-bp-≈q. Iptd-°qSn {]mb-am-bm¬]Ww-sIm≠pw kwXr]vXn In´p-I-bn-√. ap°v thsd Ft¥mNneXpIqSn thWw. ]e Xc-Øn¬ ΩpsS Adn-hp-Ifpw Ap-`- 78
  • 79. h-ßfpw amdn-s°m-≠n-cn-°p-I-bm-Wv. D≠m-bn-amdpw Adnhv D≠mbn ap∂w˛ap∂w F∂m¬ Ωn¬Hcn-°¬ Cu A⁄mw kw`-hn®p. apgp-h≥ amhcmin-bnepwkw`-hn-®p. AXp-sIm-≠v Cu amdp∂ Adn-hp-IfpsS temIØv imiz- -X-am-b kpJsØ Xnc-bp-tºmƒ AXhp Is≠-Øm≥ IgnbmsXhcp-tºmƒ Pohn-XØn¬ AKm-[amb Hcp hnjmZw D≠mIp-∂p. - - B[p-n-I-a-p-jy-cmin IS-∂p-t]m-Ip∂ Hcp {]Xn-k‘nhnjmZØnt‚XmWv. henb Hcp hnjmZw apjys BgvØn-°-f-bp-∂p-≠v. ]e hy‡n-I-fnepw ]e Ap-]m-X-Øn¬ hnjmZwHcp tcmK-am-bn-cn-°p-∂p≠v. Ωsf ImWp-tºmƒ ]ecpw Nncn-®p-Im-Wn-°p-sa-¶nepw B Nncn-bpsS ]n∂n-sems° Hcp hnjm-Z-Øns‚ Ccp≠ Omb ad-™n-cn-°p-∂p-≠v. s]s´-∂Xp ImWp-I-bn-√. ]e hy‡n-Ifpw tPmenÿeØpn∂pw ho´n-se-Øn-°-gn-™m¬ aun-bm-Ipw. ]ns∂ kwkm-cn-°p-I-b-n-√. `¿Ømhv `mcy-tbmSp kwkm-cn-°p-I-bn-√. a°ƒ A—-tmSpw AΩ-tbmSpwkwkm-cn-°p-I-bn-√. Ah¿ Ah-cpsS GIm-¥-X-bn-te°v Dƒh-en-™p-t]m-Ip-∂p. hnjm-Zw ImcWw Nncn-°m≥ Ah¿ ]mSps]Sp∂p.Ah¿°v kt¥m-jn-°m≥ Ign-bp-∂n√. Bi-b-߃ shfn-s∏-Sp-Øp-hm≥ Ign-bp-∂n-√. Bi-b-߃ shfn-s∏-Sp-Øm≥ Ign-bmsXhcp-tºmƒ Ah¿ s]m´n-sØ-dn-°p-∂p. t{Im[w Ahsc {Kkn-°p-∂p. Hcp {]mhiyw ]d-™n´v Hcm-ibw shfn-s∏-Sm-sX hcp-tºmƒ c≠m-asØ {]mhiyw Ah¿ Hcp A·n-]¿∆-X-am-bn-am-dp-∂p. CXp Ω-psS Pohn-XsØ {i≤n-®n-´p-s≠-¶n¬ ImWmmIpw. -apjy≥ F¥p-sIm-≠mWv tIm]n-°p-∂Xv? BibsØ ]pd-tØ°v sIm≠p-h-cp-tºmƒ AXv XØp-ey-amb Hc-p-`-hsØ D≠m-°msX hcp-tºmƒ ap°v hfsc Akw-Xr]vXn D≠m-Ip-∂p. CXv Nne Hm^o-kp-I-fn-sems° ImWm-hp-∂-Xm-Wv. Nne amt-P¿am¿°pw kq∏¿ssh-k¿am¿°psams°kt_m¿Unt‰vkntmSv Bi-bhn-n-abw S-tØ-≠n-hcp-tºmƒ - -Cusbmcp {]ivw D≠m-Ip-∂p-≠v. IΩyq-Wn-t°-jt‚-Xm-bn-´p≈ -Hcp {]ivw. CXv `mj-bpsS ]cn-an-Xn-b√. a- ns‚ ]cn-an-Xn-bm- -Wv. C∂v `mj ]cn-an-Xam-sW∂p ]d-bm≥ Ign-bp-Ibn-√. C∂v - -]e `mjIfnepw {]tXy-In®pw Cw•ojv t]mse-bp≈ `mj-Ifn¬ -Hcp-]mSp hm°p-Iƒ Fs∂∂pw Is≠-Øn-s°m-≠n-cn-°p-Ibm-Wv. -HØncn hm°p-Isf Dƒs°m-≈p-hm-p≈ tijnbpw AXn-p-≠.v 79 a[phpÆp∂ kqcnkpIrXnIƒ
  • 80. thsd `mj-Ifn¬n∂pw hm°p-Isf IS-sa-Sp-°p-hmpw B `mj-bn- -te°p tN¿°p-hmpw t]mcp∂ Hcp hym]vXn F√m `mj-°pap-≠.vAXv ae-bm-f`m-j°pw kwkvIr-X`m-jb°p-ap-≠.v C{X-am{Xw hm°p- - - - vIƒ Ωƒ Is≠-Øn-bn´pw Fhn-sS-sbm-s°tbm ap°v Bi-b-hn-n-abØn-p≈ Zmcn{Zyw Ap-`hs∏-Sp-∂p. - - - - hmkvXhØn¬ Bibhn-n-abØn-m-bn `mj-bpsS Bh-iy- - - - -apt≠m? F∂p Ωƒ `mjsb Bibhn-n-abØn-m-bn B{i-bn- - -®pthm A∂p ΩpsS {]ivßfpw Bhn¿`-hn-®p. `mj Hcp D]m-[n- -bm-W.v Ωƒ ]d-bm≥ B{K-ln-°p-∂Xv D]m-[n-tbm-Sp-Iq-Sn-bn-´p≈H∂-√ F¶n¬ Cu `mjsb mw Hcn-°epw B{i-bn-°m≥ ]mSn-√.au-Øns‚ Xe-Øn¬ ap°p kwth-Z߃ S-Øm≥ Ign-b- - -Ww. {]tXy-In®pw Xo£vW amb Nne kvtl-_‘-߃ D≈nSØv`mj Hcp Bi-bhn-n-abam-[y-a-am-Im≥ ]mSn-√. ]Icw auw-sIm≠pw - - -lrZ-bkw-th-Zw-sIm≠pw A¥¿a¿Ω-cßsf ssIam-dm≥ Ign-b- - - -Ww. Km¿ln-IPo-hn-XØn¬ Cusbmcp `mj, hy‡n-Iƒ hnI-kn-∏n- - -s®-Sp-t°-≠Xm-bn-´p-≠.v hnhmlw Ign-°p-∂Xn-p-apºv kv{Xo]p-cp-j- - -∑m¿°v Cusbmcp `mj-sb-°p-dn®v √ Ah-Kmlw D≠m-bn-cn-°-Ww. Ap-`hw D≠m-bn-cn°-Ww. kwkm-cn-®m¬ am{X-amWv Imcy-߃ a- n-em-hpIbp≈p F∂ Xe-Øn¬n∂v, kwkm-cn-°m-tXbpw -- -Imcy-߃ {Kln-°p∂ Xe-Øn¬, Hcp Bg-ap≈ Ap-`hw D≠m-I-Ww. au-Ønv Aß-s-sbmcp i‡n-bp-≠.v F∂m¬ auw ntj-[m-fl-I-am-I-cp-Xv. Nne kv{XoIfpw ]pcp-j-∑mcpw tZjy-s∏-´p-°-gn-™m¬ ausØ Ah-ew-_n-°m-dp≠v.AXv ntj-[m-fl-I-am-bn-cn-°p∂ au-am-Wv. AXv kv{Xo°m-sW-¶n¬ ]pcp-jn¬ t{Im[sØbpw ncm-isbbpw sshj-aysØbpw -D≠m-°mw. Nne-t∏mƒ B ]pcp-j≥t]mbn BfllXy sNbvsX∂pw hcmw. Aßs B Hcp A¿∞-Øn-e√ ausØ D]-tbm-Kn-t°-≠-Xv. ausØ hfsc t]mkn-‰ohv Bb Hcp `mj-bmbnhnI-kn-∏n-s®-Sp-°p-hm≥ Ign-bptam F∂p-≈-Xm-Wv. Cn hcp∂Cu bpK-Øn¬ au-Ønv AXn-t‚-Xm-bn-´p≈ {]k-‡n-bp-≠v.Imc-W-sa-¥mWv? Ωƒ `mj-bpsS ]mc-ay-Øn¬ FØn-°-gn-™p. {]tXy-In®pw C≥s^m¿ta-j≥ sSIvtm-fPn `mj-bpsS]mc-ay-sØ {]m]n°pIbmWv. C∂v F-{X-tcw thW-sa-¶nepw ap-jy≥ sSen-t^m-Wn-eqsSa‰p hy‡n- I - f p- a mbn kwkm- c n- ® p- s Im≠n- c n- ° pw. F∂n´pw 80
  • 81. F{Xtbm AI¬®-bmWv Ah¿°nSbn¬. sSent^m¨ C√m-Xn-cp∂ ImeØv apjy≥ kwkm-cn-®p-sIm-≠n-cp-∂-t∏mƒ D≠m-bn-cp∂ Bi-b-Øns‚ ]mc-kv]cyw C∂v Bi-b-߃ nc-¥cwshfn-s∏-Sp-Øn-bn´pw hy‡n-Iƒ°n-S-bn-¬ C√msX t]mIp-∂XvF¥p-sIm-≠mWv? AXp-sIm-≠mWv Cn ap°v au-Øns‚`mjsb Adn-tb-≠-Xm-bn-´p≠v F∂p ]d-bp-∂-Xv. AXns a- n-em-°m≥ th≠n-bmWv ncp-]m-[nIamb Adn-hns ΩƒAdn-b-W-sa∂p ]d-bp-∂-Xv. D]m-[n-bn-√msX ap°v A-dn-hnsAdn-bp-hm≥ Ign-bptam? ImgvNsb ImWm≥ IÆv Hcp D]m-[n-bm-Wv. i_vZsØtIƒW-sa-¶n¬ ImXv thWw. AsXmcp D]m-[n-bmWv. Cu D]m-[n-Isfm-∂p-an-√msX ap°v Fs¥-¶nepw Adn-bm≥ Ign-bptam? Cu -Atz-jWw S-Øn-bn-´n-s√-¶n¬ Pohn-X-Øn¬ Ωƒ Hcp Xewkv]¿in-°msX t]mbn-´p-s≠∂v Dd∏mWv. Kpcp AXp ]d-bp-∂p: ncp-]m-[nIamb Adn-hp-≠v. Hcp D]m-[n-bn-eq-sS-bpa√msX Adn-bm≥ Ign-bp∂ Adn-hv. a- n-eq-sS-b-√msX, Nn¥-bn-eq-sS-b-√msX, C{µn-b-ß-fn-eq-sS-b-√msX Adn-bm≥ Ign-b-Ww. Ejn-am¿°v B Adn-hns Adn-bm≥ Ign-™n-´p-≠v. AXp-sIm-≠m-W-h¿ F{X Bfp-Iƒ h∂n-cn-°p-tºmgpwAh-cpsS auØneqsS kwkm-cn-®p-sIm-≠n-cn-°p-∂-Xv. ]e Kpcp-°-∑m-cp-tSbpw ASpØv injy-∑m¿ FØn-t®-cp-tºmƒ B injy-∑m¿ tNmZyw t]mepw tNmZn-°p-I-bn-√. Kpcp-hns‚ au-km-{µ-am-bn-cn-°p∂ khn-[-Øn¬ shdp-sX-bn-cn-°pw. `mc-X-Øns‚ ]mc-º-cyw Cß-s-bmWv. Hcp Kpcp-hns‚ khn-[-Øn¬ h∂v au-am-bn Ccn-°p-I. thsd H∂pw th≠. tNmZy-߃ tNmZn-t°-≠.DØ-c-ß-sf√mw au-Øns‚ Hcp `mj-bm-bn, au-Øns‚ Hcpkv^penw-K-am-bn, au-Øns‚ Hcp {]km-Z-ambn Kpcp-hn¬n∂vinjy-n-tebv°v kw{I-an-°p-∂p-. Hcp Ap-{K-l-h¿jam-bn injy-n-te°v Kpcp-lr-Z-b-Ønse auw ]I¿∂p ]I¿∂phcp-∂p-. C∂p Ωƒ Bibhnnab£aX hf¿ØnsbSp°m≥hy‡nXzhnIk ¢m pIfn¬ ]s¶Sp°p∂p. Aßs `mjsbhnI-kn-∏n-°m≥ {ian-°p-∂p, s]cp-am-‰®n-´sb hf¿Øn-sb-Sp-°m≥ -{ian-°p-∂p. F√mw sNbvXn´pw ap°p ]cm-P-b-Øns‚ Ibv]p-o¿ am{X-amWv Pohn-X-Øn¬ D≠m-Ip-∂p-≈q-sh-¶n¬ CsXm-∂pw-sN-ømsX Cß-s-sbmcp km[yX Ds≠-∂-dn-bp-tºmƒ B a[phpÆp∂ kqcnkpIrXnIƒ 81
  • 82. km[y-X-sbsb-¶nepw H∂p ]co£n°phm≥ Pohn-XsØ H∂phnn-tbm-Kn-®p-IqtS. Pohn-X-Imew apgp-hpw kwi-bsØ Zqco-I-cn-°p-hm≥ Hcp-]mSp ]pkvXI߃ hmbn-°p-Ibpw ]Tn-°p-Ibpw - -Fgp-Xp-Ibpw sNbvXn´v kwibw Ω-fn¬ _m°n-bn-cn-°p-∂p-sh-¶n¬ CsXm-∂p-an-√m-sX-Xs∂ au-Øns‚ `mj-bn-eqsSinjy-lr-Z-b-Øn¬ Ccn-°p∂ kwibsØ Zqco-Ir-X-am-°-s∏-Sp-∂p-sh-¶n¬ B Hcp hgn ap-s°m-∂v Atz-jn-®p-IqtS? A{X-sb-¶nepw B≤ym-fln-I-X-tbmSp oXn ]pe¿Øn-°qtS? Kpcp ]d-bp-∂p: Bbncw Xcancp≠mibw {]XnNpcp≠v .... GsX-¶nepw D]m-[n-tbm-Sp-Iq-Sn-bn-cn-°p∂ Xc-Øn¬ Hc-dn-hp-≠m- I p- t ºmƒ B Adnhv a-   ns‚ `mK- a m- b n- Ø o- c p- ∂ p.Fs¥ms° Ωƒ Pohn-X-Øn¬ Ap-`-hn-®n-´pt≠m AsXms°Ω-psS a- n¬ ]‰n-t®¿∂n-cn-°p-∂p≠v. Hcp IÆmSn FSp-Øp-sIm-≠p-t]mbn hgnbpsS GsX-¶nepw Hcp Hmcw Nmcn-h-®ptm-°q. ImeØp Nmcn-h-®m¬ sshIp-t∂-c-am-Ip-tºm-tg°pw s]mSn-]-S-e-߃ h∂v B IÆm-Sn-bpsS {]Xew apgp-h≥ Bh-cWwsNøpw. ]ns∂ Ωƒ sN∂p-tm-°p-tºmƒ AsXmcp IÆm-Sn-bm-sW∂p tXm∂p-I-bn-√. AXp s]mSn-sIm≠p nd-™n-cn°pw.ImeØp sIm≠p-h-bv°p∂ ka-bØv B IÆm-Snbv°v {]Xn-^-e--tijn (reflexing capacity) D≠m-bn-cp-∂p. Ct∏mƒ sN∂ptm°n-b-t∏mƒ AXv s]mSn-sIm≠v Bhr-X-am-bn-cn-°p-∂p.ΩpsS apJw AXn¬ ImWp-∂n-√. CtX-t]m-se-bmWv ΩpsS Pohn-Xhpw. Ωƒ Hmtcm Znh-khpw -Pohn-®p-t]m-Ip-tºmƒ t_m[-Øns‚ kz—-am-bn-cn-°p∂ IÆm-Sn-bpsS apJw Ap-`-h-ß-fm-Ip∂ kvac-W-I-fpsS s]mSn-]-S-e-߃sIm≠v aqSn-t∏m-Ipw. At∏mƒ IÆm-Sn-bn¬ H∂pw ImWp-∂n-√. IÆm-Sn-bpsS {]Xn-^etijn jvSs∏-´n-cn-°p-∂p. Cu - - - -s]mSn-]SeßfmWv ]n∂oSv Ω-fpsS I¿Ω-`m-WvUambn, hmk- - - - - -mk©bambn, kwkvImc-am-bn-amdp∂-X.v kwkvImcw Akw-kIr- vX-am-bn-Øo-cp-tºmƒ, s]mSn-n-d-™-Xmbn-Øo-cp-tºmƒ XqØp-I-f-bm≥ ap°p Ign-bp-∂n-s√-¶n¬ Ωƒ ho≠pw ho≠pw CuAgp-°p-Iq-ºm-cßfpsS ASn-bn¬s]´v hnΩn-´s∏-Sp∂ Hcp kzXz- - - -am-bn amdpw . Ωnse Z¿∏WXzw ap°p jvSs∏-SpIbpw sNøpw. - Kpcp-tZ-h≥ F¥p-sIm≠v IÆmSn {]Xn-jvTn®p F∂p tNmZn-®m¬, n߃°p-≈n¬ ad-™n-cn-°p∂ Hcp IÆm-Sn-bp-s≠∂p 82
  • 83. t_m[y-s∏SpØm-m-bn-cp-∂p. A√msX IÆmSn ssZh-am-bXp-sIm- -≠-√. IÆm-Sn-t]m-se-bp≈ t_m[w n߃°p jvSs∏-´n-cn-°p- -∂p. nß-fpsS XXmb kzXzw n߃°p jvSs∏-´n-cn-°p-∂p. -kzcq]w jvS-s∏-´n-cn-°p-∂p. ssZhw nß-fn¬ acn-®p-t]m-bn-cn-°p∂p F∂p ]d-bm≥th≠n am{Xw. At∏mƒ IÆmSn{]XnjvThnπ-hm-flIambn amdn. ]t£, C∂Xnse A-¥-k-Ø- in-®p-t]m-bn. B {]hr-Øn-bpsS A¿∞w-Xs∂ ΩpsS a- n¬n∂pam™pt]mbn. ap-°n-t∏mƒ AsX-¥m-sW-∂dn-bn-√. Kpcp IÆm- -Sn {]XnjvTn®p. F∂m¬ B I-Æm-Snsb ]qPn-®p-Ifbmw. hmkvX- - -h- Ø n¬ ΩpsS A¥kØbnte°v hnc¬Nq- ≠ p∂ Hcp{]XoIamWv B IÆm-Sn. o n∂nse kz—ambncn°p∂ IÆm-Snsb ImWq F∂p ]d-bp∂ Hcp `mj. ncp-]m-[n-Iam-bn-cn-°p∂ ⁄mw IÆm-Sn-t]m-se-bm-Wv. AXv -nß-fpsS D≈n-ep-≠v. B ncp-]m-[n-I⁄mamb ssZhsØΩƒ Z¿in-°p-tºmƒ ap°p am‰-an-√mØ Adn-hns t_m[y-s∏-Spw. CXp-hsc Ωƒ I≠p-sIm-≠n-cp-∂Xv amdn-am-dn-sIm-≠n-cn-°p∂Adn-hm-sW-¶n¬ Cn am‰-an-√mØ Hc-dn-hns ap°p t_m[y-s∏Spw. AXn-s-bmWv ]e-t∏mgpw A¥¿⁄mw (intuition) F∂coXn-bn¬ Ejn-amcpw anÃn-°p-Ifpw hnfn-®p-t]m-cp-∂X.v- Nne Bfp-Iƒ°v A¥¿⁄mw Ds≠∂p ]d-bs∏Sp-∂p.A¥¿⁄mw F∂m¬ F¥mWv? FhnsS D]m-[n-bn-√msX mwAdn-bp-∂pthm AXns A¥¿⁄mw F∂p ]d-bpw. A¥¿⁄mw D≠m-Ip-tºmƒ AXv ChnsS ]d-™-Xp-t]msebp≈Bbncw Xc-an-cp≠v Bibw{]Xn Np-cp-≠p-t]m-Ip∂ Adn-h√. AXp - -hmk-bm-bn-Øo-cp-∂n-√. AXv I¿Ω-`m-WvUam-bn-Øo-cp-∂n-√. Ipd- - -®p-IqSn ax-im-kv{X-Øns‚ `mj-bn¬ ]d-™m¬ AXp ΩfpsSAt_m-[sØ cq]-s∏-Sp-Øp-∂n-√. AXv Ω-fn¬ Aa¿Øn-h-bv°p∂ sshIm-cn-IXsb (repression) D≠m-°p-∂n-√. B AdnhvsΩ kzX-{¥-m-°p-∂p. Hcn-°¬ mcmbWKpcp ]d-™p-: “Adn-hp-sIm≠v kzX-{¥-cm-Ip-hn≥.” GXdn-hp-sIm≠v kzX-{¥-m-IWw? Pw Cu Adn-hns sX‰n-≤-cn-®n-cn-°p-∂p. AXp-sIm≠v IÆn¬Im-Wp∂ Adn-hp-I-sf-sbms° kz¥-am-°p-∂-Xn-eqsS Ah¿ ]mc-X-{¥yØn-te°p oßn-s°m-≠n-cn-°p-I-bm-Wv. F∂m¬ ncp-]m-[n-I-am-bn-cn-°p∂ Adn-hn-eqsS am{X-amWv Hcmƒ°v kzX-{¥-m-Im≥ Ign- 83 a[phpÆp∂ kqcnkpIrXnIƒ
  • 84. bp-I-bp≈q. CXns hnkva-cn-®n´v tkm]m-[n-I-am-bn-cn-°p∂ Adn-hn-te-°mWv Ah¿ ho≠pwho≠pw IpXn-sIm-≈p∂Xv. Cu B[p-n-Iim-kv{Xhpw km-t¶-Xn-IhnZybpw Hs° ncp]m[nIamb Adn- -hns‚ ]mc-ay-Øn¬ Xmt s]m-en-™p-t]m-Ipw. B[pnIX bpsSkz`mhw lnwkm-fl-I-am-Wv. D]m-[n-tbm-Sp-Iq- Sn-bn-cn-°p∂ F√mAdn-hnepw hnth-IØns‚ kv^pcWw C√msX hcp∂Xp sIm≠v -AXv amh-cm-insb apgp-hpw in-∏n-®p-I-f-bp∂ lnwkm-fl-I-amb {]hWXbmbn- amdp-∂Xp ImWmw. AXns‚ BZysØ emRvO-bmWv B[p-n-I-im-kv{Xw hnI-kn-∏n-s®-Sp-Ø B‰w-t_mw-_p-Iƒ lntcm-jn-am-bnepw mK-km-°n-bnepw h¿jn°m≥ CS-bm-bn-´p-≈Xv. B‰w-t_m-w_p-IƒAhnsS h¿jn-®-t∏mƒ Ata-cn-°-bnse AXp-≠m-°nb imkv{X-⁄-m-bn-cp∂ tdm_¿´v Hm∏¨ ssl-a¿ B almhnkvt^mSsØ °pdn®p ]d-bp-∂Xv `K-h-ZvKo-X-bnse Hcp t«mIw D≤-cn-®p-sIm-≠m-bn-cp-∂p. Znhn kqcy kl-{k-ky.... F∂ t«mIw.Bbn-cw kqcy-∑m¿ H∂n®v DZn-®-Xp-t]m-se-bp≈ Hcp A·n-{]-f-b-am-bn-cp-∂p lntcm-jn-am-bnepw mK-km-°n-bnepw ap-jy≥ hnI-kn-∏n-s®-SpØ lnwkm-fl-I-amb Adn-hns‚ hnkvt^m-Sw kw-`-hn-®-t∏mƒ D≠m-b-sX∂v tdm_¿´v Hm∏¨ ssla¿ ]d-bp-∂p. apjys sIm√p-hm-m-bn D]m-[n-I-tfm-Sp-Iq-Snb F√m Adn-hp-Ifpw k÷-am-Ip-tºmƒ, ncp-]m-[n-I-am-b t_m[-Øns‚ {]X-e-Øn-te-°v Xncn-®p-h∂v k¿∆- Po-h-Pm-e-ß-fp-tSbpw ASn-Ø-´n¬ Ccn-°p∂ Im-cp-Wy-Øns‚bpw klm-p-`q-Xn-bpsSbpw Ap-I-º-bpsSbpw Xew kv]¿in-°m≥ Ign-bp-tºmƒ am{X-amWvimkv{Xw temI-lnX-Øn-m-bn `hn°pIbp≈p. A√m-Øn-S-tØmfw imkv{XsØ _o`-’-am-b, kwlm-cXm-WvUhØn-t‚- - - -Xm-b A·n{]fbsØ h¿jn-°m≥ Xøm-dm-bn-n¬°p∂ HcpkzXz-am-bn´p ImtW-≠n-h-cpw. AXv Kpcp Cu t«mI-Øn-eqsSap°v ]d-™p-X-cp-∂p-≠v. Cn CXns‚ c≠m-asØ hiw˛I≠m-epao ne-bn¬ D≠m-Ibn- -√- Adn-hv. Cßs Ωƒ a- n-em-°n-bmepw Cu ne-bn¬Bflmp`hw D≠m-hpIbn√. Ap-`qXn ap-°p-≠m-IWsa-∂n-√. Ap- - -`qXn D≠m-IWsa-¶n¬ AXn-p-th-≠ Bflm¿∞amb km[ D≠m- - -bn-cn-°Ww. km[y-am-bn-cn-°p∂ H∂n-te°v sΩ sIm≠pt]m-IW- - -sa-¶n¬ AXv km[-Ifn-eqsS sIm≠p-t]m-IWw. Bflm-p-`qXn km[y- - - - 84
  • 85. am-W.v AXv km[y-am-sW∂p t_m[y-s∏-Sp-tºmƒ n߃ Hcp km[-I-m-bn amdp-∂p. km[-I≥ F∂p ]d-™m¬ F¥mWv? Bflm-p-`qXn F∂ km[y-am-bn-cn-°p∂ kn≤n-bn-te°v FØn-t®-cp-hm-p≈Hcp hy‡n-bmWv n߃. AXp km[y-am-W.v AsX-ßs km[y-amIpw? AXnp km[ Bh-iy-am-W.v A©p Imcy-߃ CXn¬ Adn-™n-cn-°Ww. nß-sfmcp km[- -I-m-Wv. Pohn-XsØ ]q¿Æ-ambpw Hcp km[--bm-bn-s´-Sp-°p-I.Bfl-km-£m-XvIm-c-amWv nß-fpsS Pohn-XØns‚ -kn≤n, Pohn-X-Øns‚ ]q¿Øo-I-c-Ww. AXmbXv n߃ nß-sf-Øs∂]q¿Æ-ambn Adn-™-p-`-hn-°p∂ Hcp Zi. AXmWv kn≤n. ap-jy-P-∑-Øns‚ e£yw ndthds∏Sp∂Xv B H∂n¬am-{X-am-Wv.AXv km[y-am-Wv. Akm-[y-a-√. AXp-sIm≠v Akm-[y-amb H∂n-p-th-≠n-b√ km[ sNøp-∂-Xv. km[y-amb H∂n-p-th-≠n-bm-Wv. AXp-sIm-≠v km[--Iƒ hy¿∞-am-bn-Øo-cp-I-bn-√. F√mwkm¿∞-Iam-bn´v hcpw. G‰hpw henb km¿∞-IXsb ]c-am¿∞w - -F∂p ]d-bpw. AXmWv ]c-a-]p-cp-jm¿∞w. AXn-se-Øn-t®-cm-≥ th≠n-bn-´mWv F√m km[--Ifpw Ωƒ ApjvTn°p∂Xv.PohnXw Hcp km[--bm°n am‰-Ww. F¥mWv Ω-fpsS kn≤n?Bfl-⁄m--amWv Ω-fpsS kn≤n. AXp km[y-amtWm? km[y-am-Wv. AXn-s-s¥-¶nepw km[--I-fpt≠m? km[--I-fp-≠v. Kpcp-°- ∑ m¿ A- h [n km[- - I ƒ ap°p ]d- ™ p- X - c p- ∂ p- ≠ v .I≠mepw Cu ne-bn¬ D≠m-I-bn√ Adn-hv. shdpsX _p≤n-]-c-ambn I≠mepw tI´m-epw ncp]m[nI⁄mw D≠m-hp-I-bn-√. AXp-≠m-bn-´p≈ hy‡n-Iƒ temIØv D≠m-bn-´pt≠m? Ah-cpsS kz`mhw Cß-s-bmWv ]d-bp-∂-Xv˛AJ-WvUm-p-`q-Xn-bn-se-gpw X≠m-cn¬hoWv a[p-hp-≠m-c-an°pw Hcp h≠mWpkqcn kpIr-Xn. Ah-cpsS PohnXw AJ-WvU-am-bn-cn-°p∂ Ap-`q-Xn-bn¬ apgp-In-bn-cn-°p∂ Hcp Pohn-X-am-Wv. Xma-c-bpsS D≈n¬a[p-hp-≠v. am[p-cy-ap≈ B a[p Xma-c-bpsS A√n-°p-S-Ønencn-°p-∂p-≠v. Hcp h≠p-h∂v XmacbpsS A√n-°p-S-Øn-p-≈n¬t]mbn tX≥ pI¿∂pp-I¿∂v atZm-∑Ømbn AXn¬n∂pw - -]pd-Øp-hcp-∂n-√. AXv AXn¬Ø-s∂ aØSn®p InS°pw. h≠nv -ckw ]nSn-®p-I-gn-™p. AXp]ns∂ AXn¬n∂pw ]pd-Øp-h-cn-I-bn-√. ]t£ kqcy≥ AkvX-an-°p∂ ka-bØv Xmac Iqºptºmƒ B h≠np izkn-°m≥t]mepw izmkw In´p-Ibn-√. a[phpÆp∂ kqcnkpIrXnIƒ 85
  • 86. F∂n´pw h≠v ac-WsØ Ah-K-Wn-°p∂p. acWw Cu a[p-hns‚ am[p-cy-Øn-p-ap-ºn¬ H∂p-a√mXmbnØocp∂p. AXp-t]m-se-bmWv Hcp kpIr-Xn-bm-bn-cn-°p∂ Bfl-kq-cn.At±lhpw ac-WsØ Ah-KWn-®p-Ign-™p. lrZ-btImcI-Øn¬ - -B-µw-h∂v Xnc-X-√p-tºmƒ imco-cn-I-am-bn-cn-°p∂ {]bm-k-ßfpw {]iv-ßfpw A{]-k-‡-am-bn-Øo-cp-∂p. FhnsS Bflm--µ-apt≠m AhnsS euIn-I-am-bn-cn-°p∂ sshj-ay-ß-fn¬n-∂p≈ tamNhpap≠v. FhnsS Hcmƒ°v Bflm-p-`q-Xn-bpsSHcp sNdnb kv]¿iw D≠m-bn-cn-°p-∂pthm AhnsS AbmfpsSFn°v [-an√msbt∂m Fn°v kuµ-cy-an-√m-sbt∂m Fn°pBtcmKyan√msbt∂m Fn°p kmaq-ln-Iamb AwKo-Imcw C√m- -sbt∂m ]d™p hne-]n-°p∂ a pw ]n≥hmßp∂p. CØ-c-Øn-ep≈ bmsXmcp {]bm-k-ßfpw Abmƒ°p-≠m-hp-I-bn-√.Bfl-⁄mw D≠mIp-tºmƒ am{X-amWv Cu Ap-`qXn ssIh-cn-I-bp-≈q. B am[p-cysØ anÃn-°p-Ifpw Ihn-Ifpw ⁄mn-Ifpw hmgvØn-]mSn-bn-´p-≠v. Kpcp-Xs∂ AXv Z¿i--amem F∂IrXn-bn¬ ]d-bp∂Xn-ß-s-bmWv: “bZm ]n_≥ atm-`rMvKx kzm-µ-a-[p-am-[pcow kv]µXn hio-IrXy tbmPntXm tbmK-hm-bp-m.” Ft∏m-gmtWm a- m-Ip∂ h≠v am[p-cy-ap≈ Bflm-µsØ -pI-cp-∂Xv At∏m-fXp kv]µ-an-√m-Xm-Ip-∂p. a- ns‚ kv]µ-sa√mw]q¿Æ-am-bn A‰pt]m-Ip-∂p. AXv tbmK-hm-bp-sIm≠v ˛ tbmK-hmbpF∂p ]d-™m¬ F√m-‰n-tbpw kwtbm-Pn-∏n-°p∂ ka-z-bn-∏n-°p∂Hcp i‡n-hn-ti-jam-W.v a ns‚ apgp-h≥ kv]µ-ßtfbpw Zqco-I- - -cn®v a- ns GIo`q-Xam-bn-cn-°p∂, im¥-a[p-cam-bn-cn-°p∂, kwKo- - -Xm-flIam-bn-cn-°p∂ Hcp mZ-`q-an-Ibn-te°v sIm≠p-t]m-Ip-∂p. CXv - - -Ap-`q-Xn-bpsS al-Øm-bn-cn-°p∂ D’-ham-W.v AXp-sIm≠v Ejn- -bm-bn-cn-°p∂ Kpcp-hnv CXp ]d-bp-hm-mbn thsdmcp `mj-bn-√.X≠m-cn¬ hoWv a[p-hp-≠m-can-°p-samcp h≠mWp kqcn kpIr-Xn. - {iocm-a-Ir-jvW-]-c-a-lw-k¿ hfsc ck-I-c-am-bn- CXn-s-°p-dn®p ]d-bp∂p≠v. Hcp D∏p-]mh IS-ens‚ Bgw Af-°m-mbnIS-en-te°v t]mIm-sm-cp-ßn. Iq´p-Im-cmb D∏p-]m-hIƒ Icbn¬ - 86
  • 87. ImØp-n¬°p-I-bm-Wv: “o t]mbn B IS-ens‚ Bgw Af∂vXncn®phcq. F∂n´v Rß-tfmSp ]d-bq IS-ens‚ Bgw F{X-bp-s≠∂v ”. ]t£, B D∏p-]mh IS-en-te°v Cd-ßn-t∏m-b-t∏mƒB IS-ens‚ `mK-ambn AXv ]cn-W-an-°p-I-bmWv sNbvX-Xv. IS-en¬n∂v D∏p]mhbv°v Xncn®p Ic-bv°p-I-b-dn-h∂v Xs‚ Iq´p-Im-tcmSp ]d-bm≥ Ign-™n-√, IS-env F{X Bg-ap-s≠-∂v. D∏p-]mh Aen-™-en™v IS-ens‚ `mK-am-bn-Øo¿∂p. AXp-t]m-se-bmWv Bfl-⁄m-n-Iƒ Nne-t∏mƒ Ah-cpsS nKq-V- ambau-Øns‚ tKl-Øn-te°v Cd-ßn-t∏m-Ip-tºmƒ B au-Øns‚kv]µw ΩtfmSv samgn-™p-Xcm≥ Ign-bmdn-√. AXp-sIm≠v -hm°p-I-fn-eqsS n߃ tIƒ°p-∂-sXm∂pw Bfl-⁄m--a√F∂p t_m[y-s∏-SWw. Bfl-⁄m-Øns‚ Hcp emRvObpw - - -AXn¬ D≠m-bn-cn-°p-Ibn-√. AXp nß-fpsS NnØ-Øn¬ hmIy- -hr-Øn-Isf am{Xta krjvSn-°p-∂p-≈q. Ap-`hsØ D≠m-°p-∂n√. -hm°p-Iƒ krjvSn-°p∂ ambn-Iamb temI-Øp-n∂v n߃ ]pd- -Øp-ISt°-≠Xm-bn-´p-≠.v CXv Kpcp hfsc kv]jvSam-bn´v ]d-bp∂ - - - -Imcy-am-W.v Ωƒ Bflm-p-`hØn-te°p hc-Ww. D∏p-]mh IS- - -en¬ Cd-ßn-bXp-t]m-se-bm-bn-cn-°Ww Bflm-p-`hn. - - - Hcn-°epw Hcp ⁄mn°v Bflm-p-`-h-th-f-bn¬ kwkm-cn-°m-≥ Ign-bp-I-bn-√. au-Øns‚ AKm-[-am-bn-cn-°p∂ ncp-]m-[n-I-am-bn-cn-°p∂, Xe-Øn-emWv Ah¿ Pohn-°p-∂-Xv. CXv ]c-a-l-wk¿Xs∂ thsdmcp DZm-l-c-W-Øn¬ ]d-bp-∂-Xv Cß-s-bmWv ˛ hnhmlw Ign™n´v A[nIw mfmbn´n√mØ bph-XnbpsS ho´n-te°v bphmhmb `¿Ømhv Hcp-Zn-hkw IS-∂p-h-cn-I-bm-Wv. bphmhv Ipd®p Iq´p-Im-tcm-sSm-∏-amWv B ho´n-te°phcp-∂-Xv. At∏mƒ B bph-Xnbpw Ah-fpsS Iq´p-ImcnIfpwhoSns‚ ]n∂n¬n-∂p-sIm≠v P¬∏-gp-Xn-eqsS `¿Øm-hn-tbpwIq´p-Im-tcbpw tm°n-°m-Wp-IbmWv. Hmtcm-cp-Øsc-bmbn Nq≠n- - -°m-Wn-®p-sIm≠v bph-Xn-tbmSv Iq´p-Im-cn-Iƒ tNmZn°p∂p:“AXmtWm ns‚ `¿Ømhv?” At∏mƒ Ahƒ ]dbp∂p: “A√.”thsdm- c msf Nq≠n- b n´v CXmtWm ns‚ `¿Ømhv F∂ptNmZn°p∂p. At∏mgpw Ahƒ ]dbp∂p: “A√.” AhkmwAh¿ Ah-fpsS icn-bm-b `¿Øm-hns‚ tscNq≠n- CXmtWmns‚ `¿Ømhv F∂p tNmZn-®-t∏mƒ Ahƒ H∂pw an≠p-∂n-√.Ahƒ au-ambn ]p©n-cn-°p-∂p. CXp-t]m-se-bmWv Bfl-⁄m- a[phpÆp∂ kqcnkpIrXnIƒ 87
  • 88. n-bm-bn-cn-°p∂ Hcmƒ°v Bflm-p-`hw D≠m-Ip-tºm-fp≈Ahÿ ˛ au-am-bn ]p©n-cn-°p-∂p. H∂pw ]d-bp-∂n-√. ]d-bm≥Ign-bm-Ø{X Hcp Ap-`-h-km-{µn-a AXn-ep-≠v. CXm-sWs‚`¿Ømhv F∂p ]d-bp-∂Xnp ]Icw B s]¨Ip´n ]p©ncn- -°pI am{X-amWv sNøp∂Xv. {iocm-aIr-jvW]calw-k¿ Cu D]- - - - - -a-Ifneq-sS-sbms° hfsc BgØn¬ Nne XØz-ßsf kwth-Zn- -∏n®p-X-cp-∂p-≠v. Cu t«mI-Øns‚ A¥y-`mKw hm°p-Iƒ°-Xo-X-am-bn-´p≈Hcp`ham-Wv. FhnsS hm°pw a pw ne-®p-t]m-Ip-∂pthmAhn-sSbmWv Kpcp ]d-bp∂ Xew. F∂n´pw mw F¥p-sIm≠vhmNm-e-am-Ip-∂p? ]d-bm≥ Ign-bmØ H∂n-s-°p-dn®p ]d-bm≥Ign-bmsX hcp-tºmƒ D≠m-Ip∂ shdpw hnI-ev]-hm-Iy-ß-fm-bnCu hmNm-e-Xsb Icp-Xn-bm¬ aXn. X≠m-cn¬ hoWv a[p-hp-≠m-c-an-°p∂ h≠mWp kqcn kpIr-Xn. At∏mƒ C{Xbpw AKm-[-am-bn-cn-°p∂ Hc-p-`-h-Øn-te°v mw FØn-t®-cWw. Po h-c-Xv-a-RvPcn Akm-[m-c-W-am-b Ap`hsØnthZn°p∂ Hcp IrXn-bm-Wv. AXp XnI®pw tbmKm-p-`qXnpW-™n-cn-°p∂ Hcp Kpcp-hns‚ lrZ-b-Øn¬n∂pw kw`-hn-®n-´p-≈-Xm-sW∂p t_m[y-s∏-´m¬ n߃°Xp {]tbm-P--I-c-ambn `hn°pw. AJ-WvUm-p-`q-Xn-bn¬ hnScp∂ X≠m-cn¬hoWvBfl-a[p D≠v Bc-an-°p∂ Hcp h≠mWv kqcn kpIr-Xn. Pem-ep-±o≥ dqan F∂ Hcp kq^n Bfl-⁄m-n-sb-°p-dn®v ]d-bp-∂-Xv: “Bfl-⁄mn ho™p IpSn-°msX elcn ]nSn-®-h-m-Ip∂pBflm-p-`hn A∂w Ign-°msX hbdp nd-™hmWv. Ah≥ B- - - -µ-Xp-µn-e-m-Wv. A¤p-X-kvX-_v[-m-W-h≥. DuWpw Dd-°hpwC√m-Ø-h≥. Bflm-p-`hn km[m-cW hkv{Xw AWn-™-h-s-¶nepw cmPm-hn-s-t∏m-se-bmWv. Ah≥ Ip∏-bnse amWn-Iy-am-Wv. Bflm-p-`hn hmbp-hnepw aÆnepw Pe-Ønepw A·n-bnepwDƒs∏-Sp-∂-h--√. Bfl-⁄mn Ic-bn-√mØ IS-em-Wv. Ah≥taL-an-√msX apØp-Iƒ h¿jn-°p-∂p. Bflm-p-`-hn°v qdp-I-W-°nv N{µpw kqcypw BIm-i-hp-ap-≠v.” hm°p-sIm≠v ]d-bm≥ Ign-bmØ H∂ns Imhy-I-ev]--bn-eqsS Pem-ep-±o≥ dqan ap°v ]¶p-h-®p-X-cp-tºmƒ mcm-b-W-Kpcp AXns ]d-bp-∂-Xv, Hcp jUv]Zw Hcp ]qhns‚ lrZ-b-tIm-cIØn¬n∂v a[p-p-I¿∂v atZm-∑Øm-bn´v AXn¬Øs∂ - - - - 88
  • 89. hoWv e-bn®v AXp-X-s∂-bmbn Xocp∂ Hc-h-ÿ-bm-bn´mWv.hmkvX-h-Øn¬ _mly-tem-I-amWv Ω-sf-sbms° ZpxJ-Øn-te°v bn-°p-∂-Xv. _mly-tem-IsØ kw_-‘n® Ω-fpsSB¥-cn-I-amb Ap-`-h-ß-fmWv sΩ _‘n-∏n-°p-∂-Xv. Cu_‘--Øns‚ Xo£vWX Nne-cn¬ IqSn-bn-cn-°pw, Nne-cn¬ Ipd-™n-cn°pw. A{X-am-{Xta hyXym-k-ap-≈q. ap-jy-a- v temI-hp-ambn _‘-s∏-Sp-tºmƒ Fß-s-sb-¶nepw AXv Hcp GSm-Iq-SsØ krjvSns®Sp-°m-dp-≠v. Hcp hy‡n-bp-am-bn kulrZØn-te¿s∏´v Ipd-®p-mƒ Ign-bp-tºmƒ Bssa{Xo-_‘w IqSp-X¬ L¿j-W-ap≈Xm-bn-Øo-cp-∂p. _‘-Øn¬ Dc ¬ (friction) D≠m-Ip-∂p. Imc-Wsa-¥mWv? mw Hcm-fp- -ambn ]cn-NbØn-em-Ip-tºmƒ B hy‡n-bn¬n∂v Nne-sX√mw - -{]Xo-£n-°p-∂p-≠v. mw sImSp-°p∂ kulr-Zhpw kvtlhpsams° At±-lØn¬n∂pw Xncn-®p-In-´Wsa∂v B{K-ln-°p-∂p- - - -≠v. Ω-fpsS kvtl-Øn¬ Hcp D]m-[n-bp-≠v. Xncn-®p-In-´Wsa∂ - -B{Klw ap-°p-≠v. AXp-sIm≠v Ipd-®p-Ign-bp-tºmƒ ΩpsS -{]Xo-£s°mØv B hy‡n-bn-¬n∂v kvtlw Xncn-®p-In-´msX - -hcp-tºmƒ Aa¿jw D≠m-Ip-∂p. AXp-sIm≠v Hcp kplr-Ønskºm-Zn-°p-∂Xn-eqsS mw Hcp i{Xp-hn-s-bmWv kºm-Zn-°p-∂- -Xv. Ω-psS B¥-cn-Iam-bn-cn-°p∂ ]cn-h¿Ø-Øn-eqsS kw`-hn- - -°p∂ an{X-em-`a√msX thsd GsX-¶nepw Xc--Ønep≈ D]m-[n- - -bn-eqsS Hcp an{XsØ kºm-Zn-®m¬ B an{Xw Ω-psS i{Xp-hm-bn-Øocpw. √ Ab¬°m-c≥ D≠m-bn-cn-°p-∂Xv Hcp A]q¿∆-X-bm-Wv.Aßs Hcn-° epw D≠m-Im≥ CS-b n-√ . Imc- W - sa- ¥mWv ?Ab¬°m-c≥ Ft∏mgpw ΩpsS {]Xo-£bv°v CW-ßmØ Xc-Øn¬ Fs¥-¶nepw sNbvXp-sIm-≠n-cn-°pw. AXp-sIm≠v CutemIØv Hcn-S-Øpw-Xs∂ s√mcp Ab¬°m-c≥ D≠m-Ip-∂XvHcp A-kw-`m-hy-X-bm-bn hcm-dp-≠v. tbip-{InkvXp AXp-sIm-≠mWv ]d-bp-∂-Xv, ns∂-t∏mse ns‚ Ab¬°m-c-tbpwkvtln-°pI F∂v. kvtln-°-W-sa-¶n¬ o ns∂ Fßskvtln-°p-∂pthm AtX-t]mse kvtln-°-Ww. shdpsXkvtln-®m¬ t]mcm. ap°v shdp-sX kvtln-°m≥ Ign-bn-√.mw kvtln-°p-tºmƒ Fs¥-¶nepw Xc-Øn-ep≈ Hcp hyhÿ(condition) h®n-´mWv kvtln-°p-I-. kvtlØnv Ft∏mgpw a[phpÆp∂ kqcnkpIrXnIƒ 89
  • 90. AXn¿Øn-I-f-p-≠m°p∂p. Hcn-°epw thsdm-cmsf ]q¿Æ-am-bnΩn-te°p {]th-in-∏n-°p-I-bn-√. Ω-p-tS-Xm-bn-´p≈ kzIm-cy-am-b Hcp then-s°´v ap°v Ft∏m-gp-ap-≠v. Hcp {]tXyI {]hn-iy-hsc Hcmsf Ω-ƒ ASp-∏n-°pw. Nne kzIm-cy-X-Iƒ Nne-t∏mƒ ]¶p-h-s®-∂p-h-cpw. F∂mepw Iptd kzIm-cy-XIƒ Ω-psS -D≈n¬Xs∂ D≠m-bn-cn-°pw. Hcp-]mSv h¿j-߃ ASp-Øp-Xm-akn- -°p∂ hy‡n-tbm-Sp-t]mepw Ωƒ F{Xtbm kzIm-cy-XIƒ ]¶p-h- -bv°m-Xn-cn-°p-∂p-≠.v AXns‚ A¿∞w mw Ft∏mgpw Hcp nKq-VX- -bm-bn-´mWv Pohn-°p-∂sX∂m-W.v - Hmtcm hy‡nbpw Ht´sd nKq-VXIfm-Wv. Cu nKq-VXI- - - -fmWv ]n∂oSv A·n-]¿∆-Xw-t]mse s]m´n-sØ-dn-°p-∂X.v hy‡n- -I-tfmSv ]¶p-hb°pI As√-¶n¬ hy‡n-ItfmSv A¥¿K-Xßsf - v - -Adn-bn-°pI F∂ Xc-Øn-ep≈ Bi-bhn-n-abkm-[yX am{Xta - - -ap-°p-≈q. ssZh-hp-ambn k√]n°p∂ As√-¶n¬ ⁄mn-bp-ambnk√-]n-°p∂ lrZ-bk√m]w Ω-fn¬ hf-¿∂p hcm-ØXp-sIm≠pw - - -Ω-psS A¥¿K-Xßsf ]q¿Æ-ambn a- n-em-°m≥ Ign-bp∂ -hy‡n-Iƒ C√m-ØXp-sIm≠pw Ft∏mgpw ΩpsS D≈n¬ IØn- -sb-cn-bp∂ Hc-·n-]¿∆Xw D≠m-bn-cn-°pw. A-XmWv ]e-XcØn- - -ep≈ hnIm-cßfpsS X≈n-®Ifm-bn˛t{Im[-am-bn, ]I-bm-bn-, Cu¿jy- - - - -bm-bn-, Akq-bbm-bn-, am’-cn-IXbm-bn Hs° ]pd-Øp-hcp-∂X.v - - - - - F√m hnIm-c-ßfpw Du¿÷-Øns‚ ]pdwX≈-em-Wv. Iptd-°mew Aa¿Øn-h® Du¿÷-Øns‚ Hcp nt£]w ]pd-tØ°vX≈n-°fbp-∂p. ΩpsS nXy-Po-hn-XØn-eqsS Bhn-jvIcn-°m≥ - - - -Ign-bmØ Nne kzIm-cy-am-bn-cn-°p∂ Du¿÷-߃ ap-°p-t]mepw nb-{¥-W-an-√mØ Ah-ÿ-bn¬ ]pd-Øp-t]m-Ip∂ Ah-k-c-ß-fp-≠v. AhnsS Ωƒ n -lm-b-cm-bn-Øo-cp-∂p. t{Im[n-°p-tºmƒ madnbp∂n√ mw F¥p-sIm-≠mWv t{Im[n-°p-∂-sX-∂v. Hcn-°¬ aXsØ tNmZyw sNømmbn apl-Ω-Zp--_n-bpsS ASp-Øp-h∂v Hcmƒ tNmZn-®p: “_n-tb, F¥mWv aXw?aXw F¥mWv ]Tn-∏n-°p-∂Xv? F¥mWv aX-sa∂v Ft∂mSv ]d-bp-hn≥”. At∏mƒ _n ]d-™p: “o tIm]n-°m-Xn-cn-°p-hn≥ .”At∏mƒ ho≠pw tNmZn-°p-I-bmWv F¥mWv aXw _ntb?“o tIm]n-°m-Xn-cn-°p-I.” C{X-am-{X-amWv _n ]d-bp-∂Xv. _n- -bpsS B {]Xn-I-c-W-Øn¬ aX-Øns‚ kØ-bmWv Dƒs°m- 90
  • 91. ≠n-cn-°p-∂-Xv. o tIm]n-°m-Xn-cn-°p-hn≥. FhnsS tIm]-apt≠mAhnsS aX-Øns‚ kmcw C√m-Xm-bn-cn-°p-∂p. C∂v Ωƒ I≠p-hcp∂ temI-Ønse F√m aX-ßfpw ]c- -kv]cw Ie-ln-®p-sIm-≠n-cn-°p-∂Xp ImWmw. {InkvXp-a-XhpwC…mw-aXhpw Hcp-ImeØv hen-b- h-enb bp≤-ßfn¬ G¿s∏´n - -cp∂p. Ipcn-ip-bp≤w F∂p ]d-bpw. `mc-XØn¬Xs∂ sshjvW- -hcpw ssih-cpw XΩn¬ bp≤-Øn¬ G¿s∏-´n-cp-∂p. aXw c‡- - -s®m-cn-®n-en-te°v t]mIp-∂Xv F¥p-sIm-≠mWv? aXw Hcp sshIm-cn-IXbmbn amdp-tºm-gmWv AXv c‡-s ®m-cn-®n-¬ D≠m-°p-∂Xv. - - -aXw hmkvXhØn-¬ n¿hn-Im-cXbm-Wv. n¿hn-Im-cam-bn-cn-°p∂ - - - - -Ap-`hamWv aXw. F∂m¬ AXv sshIm-cn-Iam-bn-cn-°p∂ Ap- - - -`-h-am-bn-Øo-cp-tºmƒ AXns‚ A[n-jvTm--am-tI-≠p∂ n¿hn-Im-cX ap°p jvSs∏-´p-t]m-Ip-∂p. n¿hn-Im-cX F∂p ]d-™m¬ -am‰-an-√m-Xn-cn-°p∂ BflkØbm-bn-cn-°p∂ D◊bmWv. Cun¿hn-Im-cX ap°p jvSs∏-Sp-tºmƒ Ω-nse aXw jvSs∏-Sp- - -∂p. mw tIm]n-°p-∂p, Cu¿jy-bp-≈hcm-Ip-∂p. Cß-s-bmWv - -PohnXw hfsc ZpxJ-]q¿Æ-am-bn-Øo-cp-∂Xv. F√m B≤ym-fln-IIr- -Xn- I - f nepw ap- j ys ZpxJ- ` q- b n- j v T - a m- b n- c n- ° p∂ Ah- ÿ -bn¬n∂p kpJ-Øns‚ hnim-eam-bn-cn-°p∂ D◊-bn-te-°mWv -sIm≠p-t]m-Ip-∂Xv. sk≥ _p≤-aXØn¬ Kpcp-°∑m¿ Nne {]tl-fn-Im-Py-am-b - - - -IY-Ifn-eq-sS-bmWv XØzsØ t_m[n-∏n-°p-∂X.v sk≥ _p≤∑m¿ - -[ym-co-Xn-bn-eqsS Pohn-XsØ bn-°p∂ Bfp-Ifm-Wv. ‘sk≥’_p≤-aXtØmSp tN¿∂p-In-S°p∂ {io_p-≤s‚-Xs∂ Hcp {]tXy- - - - -I-co-Xn-bn-ep≈ au-Øns‚ ]IcemWv. Chn-SsØ ‘[ymw’ F∂hm°mWv P∏m-nse ‘sk≥’ F∂ hm°m-bn-Øo¿∂n-cn-°p-∂Xv. -ChnsS Ωƒ D]-tbm-Kn-°p∂ [ymw C-hn-sS-n∂v t_m[n-[¿Ω≥F∂p t]cp≈ Hcp k∂ymkn ssN-bn-te°v sIm≠p-t]m-bXmWv. Ahn-sS-sN∂v Ah-tcmSv [ymw F∂p ]d-™t∏mƒ -Ah¿°v [y F∂ A£-can-√. ]Icw Ah¿ N F∂ A£cw -D]-tbm-Kn®v ‘Nm≥’ F∂p ]d-™p. Cu Nm≥ P∏m-n¬ sN∂-t∏mƒ AXv sk∂mbn amdp-IbmWv sNbvXXv. sk≥ F∂p ]d- - -™m¬ [ymw F∂m-W¿∞w. sk≥Kp-cp-°∑m¿ Hcp {]tXy-I- -co-Xn-bn-emWv ⁄msØ injy-∑m¿°p ]d-™p-sIm-Sp-°p-I.Aßs Hcp IY Hcp injyv ]d-™p-sIm-Sp-°p-Ibm-Wv. - a[phpÆp∂ kqcnkpIrXnIƒ 91
  • 92. Hcn-°¬ Hcmƒ √ Dd-°-Øn¬ s]mSp-∂t FWo-‰p. IÆpXpd-∂-t∏mƒ Np‰pw n_n-U-am-b hw. H∂pw At±-l-Ønphy‡-Xtbm-Sp-IqSn ImWm≥ Ign-bp-∂n-√. s]mSp-∂s At±-l- -Øns‚ apºn¬ Hcp ISph NmSn h∂p. At±lw c£-s∏-Sm-m-bnHmSn. HmSp-t¥mdpw ISph Xs∂ ]n≥Xp-Scp-∂p-s≠∂v Abmƒ°v -a- n-em-bn. HmSp∂ hgn-bn¬ Hcp InW¿ D≠m-bn-cp-∂p. At±lwB InW-‰n-te°v FSp-Øp-Nm-Sn. NmSn-bt∏mƒ InW-dns‚ Ic-bn¬ -Hcp ac-ap-≠m-bn-cp-∂p. B ac-Øn¬ Xqßn-°n-S∂n-cp∂ h≈n-bn¬ -]nSnØw In´n-. At±-lØnp hfsc Bizm-kam-bn. h≈n-bn¬ - -Xqßn-°n-S-∂p-sIm≠v At±lw apI-fn-te°p tm°n-b-t∏mƒISph Ahn-sSØs∂- hmbpw-]n-f¿∂p n¬°p-∂p. B ISp-hbpsS -IÆn¬n∂v A·n han-°p-∂p≠mbn-cp-∂p. Ccsb In´m-Ø-Xn-ep≈ tZjy-tØmsS-bmWvv B ISph AhnsS n¬°p-∂Xv. - s]mSp-∂s InW-dns‚ ASn-bn¬n∂v ImXS∏n°p∂ Hcpi_vZw tI´p. i_vZw tI´-t∏mƒ At±lw InW-dns‚ Bg-ßfn- -te°p tm°n. AhnsS Hcp `oI-cam-b k¿∏w hmbpw ]nf¿∂p -n¬°p-∂p. AXns‚ hnj-∏√p-Iƒ I≠-t∏mƒXs∂ At±-lØnp - -t]Sn-bm-bn. Cu h≈n-sb-ßmpw s]m´n-ho-gp-I-bm-sW-¶n¬ Bk¿∏-Øns‚ hmbn¬ sN∂phoW-Xp-Xs∂. Aßs h∂m¬ B -]mºv At±-lsØ hngp-ßpw. apI-fn¬ Hcp ISph n¬°p-∂p. XmsgHcp ]mºn-cn-°p-∂p. Cu kabØv Ft¥m Hcp i_-Zw tI´p apI-fn-te°p tm°n-bt∏mƒ cs≠-en-Iƒ B h≈n-bpsS apIƒ`mKw -Ic-≠p-Xn-∂p-Ibm-W.v Hcp shfpØ Fenbpw Hcp IdpØ Fen- -bpw. Ft∏mƒ th-Wsa-¶nepw B h≈n-s]m´n At±lw ne-Øp- -ho-gmw. F{X sshjayw ]nSn® Hc-hÿbm-WsX∂v Btem-Nn-®p- - - -tm-°Ww. Pohn-XsØ kw_-‘n® F√m {]Xym-iIfpw ne-®p- - -t]m-Ip∂ Hcp nan-jw. acWw ΩpsS ap∂n¬ hm ]nf-¿∂pn¬°p∂p F∂v Ωƒ ]d-bm-dn-t√. Cu Hcp nan-jØn¬ ap- -s°mcp kz]vhpw ImWm≥ Ign-bp-Ibn-√. Hcp {]Xym-ibpw C√. -ΩpsS a-s ms° n›-eXbn-te°p t]mIpw. Abmƒ apI-fn- - -te°p tm°n. At∏mƒ apI-fn¬ tXo-®Iƒ IqSp-Iq-´n-bn-cp∂ -Adbn¬n∂pw Hcp Xp≈n tX≥ AS¿∂v At±-lØns‚ mhn- -te°p hoWp. At±-lØns‚ mhn¬ B tX≥Xp≈n hoW-t∏mƒ -AXv pW-™p-sIm≠v At±lw ]d-™p-: lmbv! F¥p ckw. Cu Hcp IY sk≥ Kp-cp-°∑m¿ injy-∑m¿°p ]d-™p-sIm-Sp- - 92
  • 93. °pw. CXns‚ A¿∞w ]e injy-∑m¿°pw a- n-em-bn°m-Wp-Ibn-√. At∏mƒ Kpcp Xs∂ ]d-™p-sIm-Sp-°pw. cm{Xn F∂p]d-bp-∂Xv A⁄m--am-Wv. A⁄m--am-Ip∂ cm{Xn-bn-emWvAt±lw InS-∂p-dßp-∂X.v FWo-°p-tºmƒ ImWp∂ hw kwkm- - -c-am-Wv. kwkmcw F∂p ]d-™m¬ Cu euInIPohn-Xw. Ωsf]n≥XpS¿∂p-sIm-≠n-cn-°p∂ B ISp-hbnt√? AXv {]mc-_v[am- - -Wv. Ω-fpsS I¿Ωw sΩ Ft∏mgpw ]n≥Xp-S¿∂p-sIm-≠n-cn-°pw. Ωƒ HmSp-t¥mdpw ΩpsS ]n∂mse ΩpsS I¿ΩwImWpw. AXv HmSn®v Fhn-sS-sb-¶nepw Ωsf sIm≠nSpw. Idp∏pwshfp∏pamb c≠p Fen-Isf Ωƒ ]d-™p. Ah cmhpw ]I-ep-am-Wv. Zn-cm-{X-ßfn-eqsS Ωƒ IS∂p t]mIp-tºmƒ Ω-fpsS -Pohn-XØns‚ Hmtcm Znh-khpw Hmtcm ]Shpw IS-∂v t]mhpI- -bm-Wv. ac-WØn-tebv°v Ωƒ {]th-in-®p-sIm-≠n-cn-°p-∂p. - ]mºv ASn-bn¬ hm ]nf¿∂p n¬°p-∂p. AXp ac-Wam-W.v acWw -Ωsf Ft∏mƒ thW-sa-¶nepw {Kkn-°mw. hngp-ßn-°-f-bmw.tXo®IfpsS Adbn¬n∂pw AS¿∂phW tX≥Xp≈n cXnbmWv.cXn F∂p ]d-™m¬ F¥mWv? F{X {]bm-kap≈ nan-jßfnepw - - -sΩ apt∂m´p bn-°p∂ Hcp {]tem`amWv. F{X Xo£vWam-bn-cn-°p∂ thZ-Iƒ hcp-tºmgpw sΩ Bfl-lXy sNøn-°msX -n¿Øp-∂Xv Cu cXn-bm-Wv. Cu cXnbns√¶n¬ temI-Øp≈F{Xtbm ap-jy¿ Bfl-lXy sNbvXpIf-t™-t. ]t£, BcpwBfl-lXy sNøp-∂n-√. Bfl-lXy-bpsS ap-ºØp-h∂p-n¬°p∂ - - -Nnesc B nan-jØn¬n∂pw am‰n-bm¬ ho≠pw Hcn-°epw Ah¿ -BfllXy sNøn√. A{X-am{Xw Pohn-°p-hm-p≈ Bk‡n Ahs‚]n∂n-ep-≠.v Cu tX≥Xp≈n hmbn¬ho-Wt∏mƒ DS-Sn ac-WtØbpw - -{]mc-_[tØbpw ad∂v mhn¬hoW ck-sØ Abmƒ Ap-`hn®p. v - -lmbv! F¥p ckw F∂v. Cu cXnbmWvv ΩpsS Pohn-XsØbpwapt∂m-´p-bn°p∂ {]Xymibmbncn°p∂Xv. F∂m¬ kpIrXn DÆp∂ a[phpw mw DÆp∂ euIn-I-amba[phpw XΩn¬ hfsc A¥-c-ap-≠v. `uXn-I-am-b temI-Øn-te°vsIm≠p-t]m-Ip∂ a[p-hm-Wv hnjb߃. AXv sF{µn-bhpw am-kn-Ihp-am-Wv. CXv sshj-bn-I-am-bn-cn-°p∂ B-µ-am-Wv. CXvhnj-b-kw-_-‘-am-bn-cn-°p-∂-Xp-sIm≠v CXn¬ _‘w D≠m-Im≥ km[y-X-bp-≠v. Kpcp ]dbp∂ a[p B≤ym-fln-I-am-Wv. AXvBflm-hns‚ kl-P-am-bn-cn-°p∂ B-µ-am-Wv. a[phpÆp∂ kqcnkpIrXnIƒ 93
  • 94. mev BcmbpIn¬ XncIƒ ocmbnSp∂p ^Wn˛ mcmbnSp∂p IpShpw ]mcmbnSp∂Xnp tcmbnSp∂peI˛ tamcmbvInep≠Jnehpw thcmb n≥Igenemcm[w XcW˛ amcmenXns∂mcp hcw tcmbn h∂nSpI thdmcpan√ KXn tl! cmPtbmKPo!Bcm-bp-In¬ ˛ hnNmcw sNbvXp tm°n-bm¬Xnc-Iƒ ocm-bn-Sp∂p ˛ Xnc-Iƒs°√mw kXy-am-bn-cn-°p-∂Xv sh≈w am{X-am-sW∂p ImWmw.^Wn mcm-bn-Sp-∂p ˛ ]mºn-s-t∏mse tXm∂n-®-Xns‚ kØ Ibdp am{X-am-W-t√m.IpShpw ]mcm-bn-Sp∂p ˛ IpS-Øns‚ kØ Ifn-a-ÆmWv.AXnp tcm-bn-Sp∂p ˛ C∏-d™ DZm-l-c-W-߃t]mseDeIw temI-Øn-t‚bpw kØ t_m[-kz-cq- ]nWn Xs∂-bmb PK-Zw-_-bm-Wv.Hmcm-bvIn¬ ˛ Cu ]c-am¿∞w [ymn-®-dn-™n-s√-¶n¬AJn-ehpw D≠v ˛ mm-hn-[-amb Cu {]]©w D≈-Xmbn tXm∂pwthcmb n≥ Ig-en¬ ˛ k¿h-Ønpw aqe-amb AΩ-bpsS ]mZ-ß-fn¬Bcm¬ ˛ ]q¿Æ-k-a¿∏n-X-ambnBcm-[w XcWw ˛ Bcm-[ sNøp-hm≥ Fs‚ D≈w shºp-∂p.CXns∂mcp hcw ˛ Cu Bcm[bv°mbn Hcp hcw Rm≥ tNmZn°s´.tcmbn h∂nSpI ˛ Hcp D]m[nbpan√msX Fn°v o kzmp`hambnØocpIthdmcpan√ KXn ˛ AΩb√msX thsdmcm{ibw Fn°n√.tl, cmPtbmKPo ˛ A√tbm, cmPtbmKsØ {]Zmw sNøp∂ AtΩ. 94
  • 95. kzmp`qXnXs∂ ssZhmp`hw Cu t«mIw tIƒ°p-tºmƒ ap-°n-Xn¬ A{X henbk¶o¿ÆXsbm∂pw tXm∂p-∂n-√. hfsc atm-l-c-am-bn-cn-°p∂hcn-I-fmWv. Bcm-bp-In¬ ˛ Atz-jn-®p-tm-°n-bm¬. Xnc-Iƒocm-bn-Sp-∂p. ttc sNms∆-bp≈ Imcyw ]d-®n-em-Wv. Atzjn-®p- tm°n-bm¬ Xnc-Iƒ ocm-bn-Sp-∂p. IS-en-se- Xnc-Iƒ I≠n-´nt√? AXp shdpw sh≈w am{X-at√? Xnc-I-fn¬ sh≈-a-√msXthsd F¥mWv Ccn-°p-∂-Xv. Xncbv°v sh≈-Øn¬n∂pw hyXy-kvX-amb Hcp D◊bpt≠m? Aß-ssbm∂n-√. ]ns∂ F¥p-sIm≠v sh≈sØ Xnc F∂p ]d-bp-∂p. sh≈-Øn-smcp{]tXyI BImcw (shape) kw`-hn-®-t∏mƒ AXns‚ t]ct√ amdp-∂p-≈q. kØ amdp-∂n-√-t√m. AXp sh≈w-X-s∂. ^Wn mcm-bn-Sp∂p. Ib-dn¬ I≠ ]mºns‚ kØ Ib-dp-X-s∂-bm-Wv. Ac≠ shfn-®Øn¬ Hcp Ib¿ InS-°p-∂Xv ]mºm- -bn ap°v tXm∂n-t∏m-Ip-∂p. B ]mºv Ib-dp-Xs∂-bmWv. AXn¬ -]msºm-∂p-an-√. ^Wn F∂m¬ ]mºv. mcv Ib¿. ocv, mcvF∂p ]d-bp-tºmƒ AXn-smcp {]tXy-I- {ihWkp-Jap≠v. AXn- -s-bmWv {]mkw F∂p ]d-bp-∂Xv. mcm-bn-Sp-∂p. A√msX Ib- -dm-bn-Sp∂p F∂p ]d-bp-∂n-√. IpShpw ]mcm-bn-Sp-∂p. IpS-Øns‚D≈n¬ F¥m-Wn-cn-°p-∂Xv? IpSw D≠m-°n-bn-cn-°p-∂Xv aÆp- -sIm-≠mWv. ]mcv F∂p ]d-™m¬ `qan F∂m-W¿∞w. At∏mƒCu IpS-Øns‚bpw N´n-bp-tSbp-sams° D≈n-en-cn-°p-∂Xv aÆm-Wv. Ωƒ AXns IpS-sa∂p hyh-lcn-°p-∂p-sh-t∂-bp-≈q. - Cßs Hmtcmt∂mtcm∂mbn aq∂p-Zm-lcW߃ ]d-™Xn- - - - -p-tijw ‘CXnp tcm-bn-Sp-∂p-eIw.’ CXnp ka-amWv Cu {]]- -©w. GXnp kaw? aq∂p-Zm-l-c-W-߃ ]d-™t]mse˛ Xnc-Iƒ sh≈-am-Ip-∂p, ]mºv Ib-dm-Ip-∂p, IpSw aÆm-Ip∂p F∂p]d-™t∏mƒ Cu IpShpw Xncbpw ]mºp-sa√mw {]Xy-£Øn- - - 95
  • 96. ep≈ hkvXp-°fmWv. Ipd-®p-IqSn Zm¿i-n-I`m-jbn¬ Ahsb - -Imcy߃ F∂mWv ]d-bp-I. F¥p Imcyw I≠mepw AXn-smcp ImcWw D≠m-bn-cn-°Ww. -Imc-Wan-√msX Hcp Imcyhpw C√. F¥npw Hcp ImcWap≠v. -F¥m Imcyw F∂p tNmZn-°p-tºmƒ AXns‚ ]n∂n¬ ImcWwAdn-bm-p≈ B{Klap≠v. AXp-sIm-≠mWv Imcyw F¥m-sW∂ptNmZn-°p-∂X.v Imcyw IpS-am-sW-¶n¬ ImcWw aÆm-W.v Imcyw -Xnc-bm-sW-¶n¬ Imc-Ww sh≈-am-W.v AXp-t]mse Imcyw ]mºm-sW-¶n¬ ImcWw Ib-dm-W.v a- ns‚ Hcp kz`m-hsas¥∂m¬ -a- n-s-t∏mgpw F¥mWv Imc-Wsa-∂dn-bWw. Imc-Wadn-™n- - - - - -s√-¶n-tem? AXnv kzÿX In´n-√. Imc-W-a-dn-bmsX Dd°whcmØ Hcp Ah-ÿbmWv ap-jy-t‚-X.v F√m ap-jy-cp-tSbpw -Ahÿ CXp-Xs∂-bm-Wv. - Hcmƒ ho´n¬ shdptX Ccn-°p-I-bm-Wv. hoSns‚ AcnIn-eqsSHcp tdmUv t]mIp-∂p-≠v. sKbv‰v Xpd-∂n-´n-cn-°p-Ibm-Wv. At∏mƒ -Btcm Hcmƒ P-ens‚ hi-Øp-IqsS S-∂p-t]m-Ip-∂-Xp-t]msetXm∂n. DS-Sn Abmƒ°-dn-b-Ww. AXmcmWv? Abmƒ CXnset]mIm≥ F¥mWv ImcWw? Adn-™n-s√-¶n¬ a v Akz-ÿ-am-bn-s°m-≠n-cn-°pw. km[m-c-W-a-p-jys‚ Hcp Ah-ÿ-bm-Wn-Xv. F∂m¬ Cu ImcWw Atz-jn-®p-t]m-Ip-∂-Xv Hcp √e£-W-amtWm? Nnet∏mƒ ImcWw Atz-jn-°p-∂-Xv tcmKm-Xp-c-am-bn-Øo-cm-dp-≠v. km[m-cW Znh-k-ß-fn¬ A©-cbv°v hcmdp≈ `¿ØmhvAt©-ap-°m-emb-t∏m-gmWv ho´n¬ h∂Xv. At∏mƒ `mcy°-Xns‚ ImcWw Adn-b-Ww. Pohn-X-cw-K-ß-fn¬ Imc-W-a-tz-jn-°p-∂Xv tcmKm-Xp-c-am-bn-Øo-cp-∂Xv ImWm-dp-≠v. AXp-sIm≠vkm[m-cW Imc-W-߃ Adn-bp-∂-Xn¬n∂pw, kXy-am-bn-´p≈ImcWw Adn-bpI F∂p-≈XmWv icn-bm-bn-´p≈ e£yambn-´n-cn-t°-≠-Xv. Pohn-X-Øn-smcp hy‡-am-b Znim-t_m[w D≠m-bn-cn-°-Ww. A√msX Ah[n Imcy-߃°p ]pdsI AXn-s‚-sbms° ImcWw Atz-jn®v Hcn-SØpw FØmsX Dg-ep∂ Ah-ÿ-bn-te°p t]mI-cp-X.v hSt° ae-_m-dn¬ krjvSn-°pI F∂p-≈Xns ]d-bp-∂Xv ]S- -bv°pI F∂m-W.v Cu {]]-©sØ ]S-®h≥ ]S®p F∂mWv ]d- - 96
  • 97. bpI. ]S-®h≥ F∂p ]d-™m¬ krjvSn-°p-∂h≥ (creator). kmam- - -y-PßfpsS CS-bn¬ Hcp bp‡nbp-≠.v Cu {]]-©sØ ]S- - - -®Xv ]S-®hm-sW-¶n¬ ]S-®hs ]S-®Xv Bcm-sW-∂p-≈XmWv - - - -tNmZyw. C∂pw ]m›m-Xy-XØz-Nn-¥bnepw `mc-Xo-bXØz-Nn-¥- - - - -bnepw Cu tNmZyw hen-sbmcp {]tl-fn-Ibm-Wv. Cu {]]-©sØ -krjvSn-®Xv ssZh-am-sW-¶n¬ ssZhsØ krjvSn-®Xv BcmWv?At∏mƒ Hcp krjvSn S-°p-tºmƒ B krjvSn-s°mcp Imc-Wap- -s≠∂p hcp∂p. B ImcWw ssZh-am-sW∂p ]d-bp-tºmƒ BssZh-Øns‚ ImcWw F¥mWv? CXp km[m-cWKXn-bn¬ Bcpw - - -tNmZn-°m-dn-√. F∂m¬ Nne¿ Aß-s- tNmZn-°pw. Aßsbp≈tNmZyw hc-Ww. Imc-WsØ Atz-jn-°p∂ km[m-cW- a-p-jy¿°v -ssZh-Øns‚ Imc-Whpw Adnt™ aXn-bm-Iq. F∂m¬ ChnsSbp≈ XØz-Nn¥bpw Z¿i-im-kv{X-ß-fpsams° ssZhw-hsctb FØn-n¬°p-∂p-≈q. ssZh-amWv {]]- -©-Øns‚ ImcWw F∂p ]d-bp-Ibpw ssZh-Ønp Imc-Wan-√m- -Xn-cn-°p-Ibpw sNøp-∂p. AIm-cWmWv ssZhw. AIm-cWw F∂p - -]d-™m¬, ssZh-Ønv amXmthm ]nXmthm C√ F∂¿∞w.AXp-sIm≠v GtXm Hcp ]m›m-Xy-Nn-¥I≥ Cßs ]d™p: -God is a bastard (ssZhw X¥bn√mØhmWv) F∂v. Cuiz-c≥kzbw-`q-hm-Wv. ssZhØnsmcp Imc-W-an√. AIm-c-W-mWvssZhw. Aßs tm°p-tºmƒ ChnsS ]d-bp∂ Cu {]]-©-Øn-p-am{Xta Imc-W-ap-≈q. ssZh-Ønp Imc-W-an-√. {]]-©-Øns‚ ImcWw Cuiz-cm-Wv. AXp-hsc am{X-amWv ap°v Imcy- -Im-cW_‘Øn-eqsS k©-cn-°m≥ ]‰p-Ibp-≈q. ]ns∂ ap°v - - - -- -Imcy-Im-cW_‘ßfn-√. - - - - - AXp-sIm≠v Bfl-⁄m-nsb kw_-‘n-®n-S-tØmfw kwi-b-ß-fn-√. kwibw Ft∏m-gpt≠m At∏mƒ Imcy-Im-c-W-߃Adn-bm-p≈ Hcp Hu’pIyw D≠m-bn-cn-°pw. CXn-s-°p-dn®pa- n-em-°p-∂-Xn-p-th-≠n-bmWv Cß-s-sbmcp {]tXy-I- co-Xn-bn¬ Kpcp CXns Ah-X-cn-∏n-°p-∂-Xv. Hcp Ipi-h≥ aÆp-Ip-g®v B aÆn¬n∂v N´n-bp-≠m-°p-∂p, Ie-ap-≠m-°p-∂p, IpS-ap-≠m-°p-∂p, IqP-bp-≠m-°p-∂p, inev]-ß-fp-≠m-°p-∂p. ]eXpwB aÆn¬n∂v Ipg-®p-≠m-°p-I-bm-Wv. F∂mepw F√m cq]-Ønepw aÆp-X-s∂bmWp-≈-Xv. N´n-bnepw IpS-Ønepw inev]-Ønepw aÆp-X-s∂. 97
  • 98. ap°nXns Ipd-®p-IqSn Zm¿inIambn a- n-em-°mw. HcphkvXp D≠m-I-W-sa-¶n¬ AXn-smcp ]Zm¿∞w D≠m-bn-cn-°Ww. Fßs? Hcp N´n-bp-≠m-°p-tºmƒ B N´n-bn¬ aÆvAXns‚ ]Zm¿∞-am-bn-cn-°p-∂p. AXpt]mse Cu {]]-©-Øn¬F√m-‰npw Hcp ]Zm¿∞ap-≠m-bn-cn-°-Ww. CsXmcp tai-bm-Wv. acamWv CXns‚ D]mZmImcWw (material cause). Hcpssat{Im-t^m-Wns‚ D]mZmImcWw temlamWv. AXp-t]mseHmtcm-∂npw Hmtcm D]mZmImcWap≠v. CsX-√mw √ kmt¶-Xn-I-kw-⁄-I-fmWv. AXpsIm≠v thZm-¥sØ Ωƒ ASp-Ø-dn-bp-tºmƒ Nne kw⁄-I-sfms° a nem°nbncn°Ww.F∂m¬ am{X-am-Wv B kw⁄-I-fn-eqsS Am-bmkw thZm-¥sØ Dƒs°m≈m≥ Ign-bp-I-bp≈q. Cn-sbmcp IpSw cq]-s∏-Sp-ØWsa-¶n¬ Hcm-fp thWw. B - -Hcm-fn-s√-¶n¬ Ifn-aÆv Xmt IpS-Øns‚ cq]-Øn¬ Bhp-Ibn- -√t√m. AXp-sIm≠v AXn-smcp nan-ØIm-cWw thWw. Hcp -Ipi-h≥ thWw. Ipi-hn-s√-¶n¬ IfnaÆv IpS-am-hp-Ibn-√. Hcp - -Ipi-hpw Ipd®p Ifn-aÆpw Ds≠-¶n¬ IpS-ap-≠m-°mw. At∏mƒIpi-hs nan-ØIm-cWsa∂pw (efficiant cause) Ifn-aÆns D]m- - - - -Zm-Imc-Wsa∂pw ]d-bpw. F∂m¬ Cu {]]-©Øns‚ n¿Ωn- - - -Xn-bn¬ F¥mWv D]mZmImcWw? AXm-bXv Cu {]]-©Øns‚ -]Zm¿∞w F¥m-Wv? Ωƒ Atz-jn-®n-´pt≠m? Aßs tm°p-tºmƒ ap°p ImWm-hp∂ Imcy-߃ Cß-s-sbm-s°-bm-Wv. ChnsS aÆp-≠v, hmbp-hp-≠v, shfn-®-hpwsh≈hpap≠v. apI-fn-tebv°v tm°p-tºmƒ Xpd mb B-ImiwImWp-∂p≠v . C{X-sbm-s°-bmWv Ωƒ ImWp-∂X.v CXp ]e -]Zm¿∞-ßft√? GI-]Zm¿∞-ant√ F∂m-Wv tNm-Zyw. Cu {]]- - - -©-Øns‚ n¿Ωn-Xn-bn¬ Htc-I-]-Zm¿∞-apt≠m? IpSØns‚n¿ΩnXnbn¬ Ifn-aÆv Hscm‰ ]Zm¿∞-at√? AXp-t]mse Cu{]]-©Øns‚ n¿Ωn-Xn-bn¬ Hcp GI-]Zm¿∞-apt≠m F∂tzjn- - -t°-≠n-bn-cn-°p-∂p. At∏mƒ ]©-`q-XßfpsS Bhn¿`mhØnp - -apºv Cu {]]©w GsXmcp hkvXp-hm-bn Ccp-∂pthm B hkvXp-hns kØ As√-¶n¬ kXv F∂mWv hnfn°p∂Xv. kØm-WnXns‚ ]Zm¿∞w. CsX√mw kØm-bn-´n-cn-°p-∂p. ksØ∂p]d-™m¬ F¥mWv? Cu {]]-©Øns‚ am‰¿. B kØv Ω- -fnepw Ccn-°p-∂p-≠.v Ω-fXv Adn-bp-∂n√ F∂p am{Xw. kØmWv 98
  • 99. aqe-]Zm¿∞w. AXmWv ]n∂oSv ]©-`q-Xm-flIam-bn-cn-°p∂ {]]-©- - - -am-bn kw`-hn-°p-∂X.v kØns existence F∂v Cw•o-jn¬ ]d-bpw. - Cn Cu kØns {]]-©-am-bn am‰nØcp-∂ Hcp hy‡n-bpt≠m? Ifn-a-Æns IpS-am-°p-∂- Ipi-h-s-t∏mse Cu {]]-©sØ mm- h n- [ - a m- b ma- c q- ] - ß - f m°n am‰p∂ Hcmƒ.Aßs Hcmsf ap-°n-hnsS ImWm≥ Ign-bp-∂n-√t√m? BIpi-hs‚ ÿm-Øp-h-bv°m≥ Aßs Hcmsf Ωƒ ImWp-∂n-√. ]t£, ]e aX-ß-fnepw ssZhw F∂p ]d-bp-tºmƒ CuIpih- s - t ∏mse Hcm- f mWv . {]tXy- I n®pw PqXaXØnepw{Inkv X paX- Ø nepw C…ma- X - Ø nepw `mc- X - Ø nseXs∂sshjv W haXØnepw ssihaXØnepw ssZh- Ø nv Hcphy‡n-bpsS `mhw sIm≠p-h∂v nan-Ø-Im-c-W-am-bn ]d-bm-dp-≠v. AsXmcp sX‰m-b [mc-W-bmsW∂p Kpcphpw AssZz-X-th-Zm-¥hpw kn≤m¥n-°p-∂p-≠v. F¥p-sIm-s≠-∂m¬ Cu {]]-©Øn¬n∂pw hyXy-kvXambn - -Hcp ssZhan√. ChnsS Hcp a¨X-cnsb-sb-Sp--Ømepw Hcp Xp≈nPe-sØsb-Sp-Ømepw Hcp ]p√n-s-sb-Sp-Ømepw Hcp IoSsØFSp-Ømepw AXn-s‚-sb√mw A¥-c-ÿ-am-b ssNX-y-am-bnssZhw Ccn-°p∂p-≠v. Ifn-a-Æns IpS-am-°n-am-‰p∂ Ipi-h-s-t∏m-se-bp≈ Hcp {kjvSmhv Cu kØn¬Xs∂ Ccn-°p-I-bm-Wv. At∏mƒ B {Inbmi‡nsb NnsØ∂p ]dbp∂p. NnØvF∂p ]d- ™ m¬ hnØns apf- ∏ n- ° p∂ Adnhv hnØnp≈n¬Xs∂ Ccn-°p-∂p-≠v. hnØn¬ i‡pw i‡nbpw H∂n-®n-cn-°p-Ibm-W.v Hc-ΩbpsS K¿`-]m-{X-Øn¬ AWvUhpw _oPhpw - -kwtbm-Pn®v Hcp inip-hns‚ P∑-Ønp Imc-W-am-Ip-tºmƒAXn¬X-s∂-bmWv B D]m-Zm--Im-c-Whpw nan-Ø-Im-c-WhpwH∂n-®n-cn-°p-∂-Xv. AXp-sIm-≠mWv i¶-cm-Nm-cy¿ kuµ-cy-e-lcnFgp-Xn-b-t∏mƒ: “inh-»‡ym bpt‡m bZn `hXn i‡x {]`-hnXpw tNtZhw tZthm Jep Ipiex kv]µn-Xp-a]n” inh≥ i‡n-tbm-Sp-IqSn tN¿∂m¬ am{X-amWv krjvSn°pka¿∞-am-Ip-∂p≈q F∂p ]d-bp-tºmƒ Ch¿ c≠p-t]cpw thsdthsd ÿnXn sNøp∂p F∂-√. Ch¿ c≠pw H∂n¬-X-s∂-bm-Wv. cs≠∂ Xc-Øn¬ ]d-bp-∂p-s≠-¶nepw H∂p-X-s∂-bm-bn- 99
  • 100. ´mWncn-°p-∂-Xv. CXv Ωƒ a- n-em-°-Ww. ChnsS ssZhhpw{]]©Ønp Imc-W-am-bn-cn-°p∂ ]Zm¿∞hpw c≠m-bn-cn-°p-∂n√ F∂pw AsXm-∂m-bn-cn-°p∂p F∂pw a- n-em-°-Ww.AXp-sIm-≠mWv Cu Z¿isØ AssZzXw F∂p ]d-bp-∂-Xv. C…mw-aXØn¬ ]d-bp-∂Xv ssZhw Ggmw-kz¿§-Øn¬ Ccp∂v - -Cu `qan-tbbpw Cu {]]-©tØ-bpw krjvSn-°p-Ibpw AhnsS -Ccp-∂p `cn-®p-sIm-≠n-cn-°p-Ibpw sNøp∂p F∂m-Wv. Aß-s-bmWv {Inkv X p- a - X - Ø nepw C…mw- a - X - Ø nepw sshjv W - h -aXØnepw ssih-a-XØnepw Zzµzw hcm≥ ImcWw. Aß-s-sbmcp Zzµzw Chn-sS-bn-√. Aß-s-sbmcp ssZhw Ωn¬n∂pwamdn- b n- c n- ° p- ∂ n- √ . ssZhw thsd- b n- c n- ° p∂ A- h ÿ-amknIXeØn¬ am{XamWp≈Xv. kXyØn¬ Aßssbmcphn`Pw C√. AXp-sIm-≠v mcm-bWKpcp ]d-bp-∂p: - - “obt√m krjvSnbpw {kjvSm-˛ hm-bXpw krjvSn-Pm-ehpw obt√m ssZhta krjvSn˛ - °p≈ kma-{Kn-bm-b-Xpw.” ssZhta, oX-s∂-bmWv krjvSnbpw oX-s∂-bmWv {kjvSmhpw.AXp-t]mse {]]-©hpw obmWv. AXp krjvSn-°mp≈ kma-{Kn-bm-bXpw obmWv. {]]-©Øns‚ Imc-Wam-bn-cn-°p∂ kØpw - - -ssZhw-X∂. {]]-©sØ krjvSn-°p-∂hpw ssZhw-Xs∂. {]]- - - -©sØ krjvSn-°p∂ {]{In-bbpw ssZhw-Xs∂. F√mw ssZhw-X- -s∂. ssZhsØ-Xs∂-bm-Wv Cu mep hn`Pßfmbn ap°p -tXm∂p-∂Xv . ]t£, Ω-psS kz`mhw F¥mWv? F√mw A]-{K-Yn®p a- n-em-°-Ww. F√m-‰n-tbpw ]nf¿Øn-∏n-f¿Øn a- n-em-°-Ww.Cß-s-bmWv a- ns‚ kz`m-hw. H∂m°n a- n-em-°p-∂XvHcp {]tXy-I-i-‡n-bm-Wv. Nne hoSp-I-fn¬ Bfp-Iƒ°v Ie-ln-°p-∂Xv hfsc CjvS-am-Wv. Ie-ln-®p-sIm-≠n-cn-°p-tºm-gmWvAh-cpsS Pohn-X-Ønv Hc¿∞w D≠m-Ip-∂p-≈q. Nne¿°m-Is´Hcp Xc-Øn-ep≈ Ie-lhpw D≠m-°p-∂Xv CjvS-a-√. IelwD≠m-°m-Xn-cn-°m≥ th≠n F¥p XymKhpw Ah¿ sNøpw.Aßs c≠p Xc-Øn-ep≈ _p≤n Cu temI-Øn-ep-≠v. H∂vhnt«-jn-∏n-°p-∂Xv (analytic), at‰Xv kwt«jn-∏n-°p-∂-Xv (syn- 100
  • 101. thetic). Cßs c≠p Xc-Øn¬ a- v {]h¿Øn-°pw. CXn¬GXv {]{In-b-sbbmWv Aflkm£m-XvIm-c-Øn-p-th≠n D]-tbm-Kn-t°-≠-sX∂p tNmZn-®m¬ AXp tbmPn-∏n-°p∂ _p≤n-sbbm-bn-cn-°-Ww. F√mw ]nf¿Øn ]nf¿Øn a- n-em-°m≥ hfsc Ffp-∏am- -Wv. AXv ΩpsS {]mIr-Xn-I-amb Hcp hmk--bm-Wv. krjvSnthsd, {kjv S mhv thsd, krjv S n- ° - s ∏- S p∂ hkv X p- t h- s d,krjvSn{]{Inb thsd. Aßs Cßs Fs∂ms° ]d™vHcp-]mSp hnt«-jW߃ S-Øn-bm¬ am{X-amWv ]e Imcy-ßfpw - -ap°v t_m[y-s∏-Sp-Ibp-≈q. AXp-sIm≠v I¿XrXztØmSpIqSn -H∂pw sNøm-Xn-cn-°pI F∂p-≈XmWv G‰hpw henb B≤ym- -flnI km[. Fs¥-¶nepw sNbvXm¬ ΩpsS Al¶mcws]cpIpw. ]nf¿∏pIƒ D≠m°pIbpw sNøpw. I¿XrXz]q¿∆wH∂pw sNøm-Xn-cn-°p-∂n-SØv kzm`m-hn-Iam-b Hcp tbmPn-∏p≠v. - - emthm’p F∂ ssNokv EjnbpsS ASp-tØ°v Hcmƒ h∂vHcp kwibw tNmZn-®p: “Kptcm, Ie-°p-sh-≈sØ sXfn™ sh≈-am-°p-∂Xm-cm-W?” At∏mƒ Kpcp ]d-™p: “o AXn¬ H∂pw - vsNøm-Xn-cp-∂m¬ aXn.”- ]ecpsSbpw Pohn-XØn¬ {]iv߃ D≠m-Ip-tºmƒ kam- - -[mw krjvSn-°m≥ th≠n Ab¬]-°Øp ns∂ms° BfpIƒhcpw. `mcybpw `¿Ømhpw Ie-ln-°p∂ ka-bØv Hcmƒ h∂ptNmZn°pw: “F¥m {]ivw?” Ωƒ At±-l-Øns‚ ap∂n¬{]ivw Ah-Xcn-∏n-°p-w. At±lØns‚ CSs]S¬aqew {]ivw -ho≠pw Ie-ßn-sIm-≠n-cn-°p-∂Xp ImWmw. B {]ivsØ-bßp-shdpsX hn´m¬ aXn. c≠p Znhkw Ign-™m¬ {]ivw amdn-s°m-≈pw. F√m {]ivßfpw shdpsX hn´m¬ amdp-∂Xm-W.v ]t£. - -Ωƒ AXns shdpsX hnSm≥ Xpnbmdn√. AXp-sIm-≠v ssN-bnse Zm¿i-n-I¿°v Xmthm F∂p ]d-™m¬ PohnXØns‚kzm`mhn-IXbn¬ nebpd∏n°pI F∂mWv. F¥p {]ivß- - - -tfbpw AhbpsS kzm`m-hn-IXbn¬ hnSp-tºmƒ kl-Pamb Hcp - - -kwe-bw, Hcp Xmfw, Hcp kwKoXw Ahbn¬ kw`hn°pw. ]t£a v Hcn-°epw AXp-hZn-°p-Ibn-√. a v Hcp CS-s]-S¬Im-c- - -m-Wv. klPambXn¬ CS-s]SpI F∂-XmWv a- ns‚ [¿Ωw.Bflmhv kl-Pambn AXn‚ [¿ΩsØ n¿hln-®psIm≠ncn- -°p-tºmƒ a p h∂n´v tNmZn-°pw: “Iptd tc-am-bt√m Cß-s- 101
  • 102. sbms° BSn-∏m-Sn- Po-hn-®p-t]m-Ip-∂Xv. Cß-s-sbms° Bbm¬aXntbm?” Bflm-hnv kzm`m-hn-Iamb Hcp KXn-bp-≠.v B tcØv -a v ]d-bp-I-bm-Wv, Cß-s-sbms° Bbm¬t]m-cm; Nne-sXms° ap°v sNøm-p-≠v F∂v. a- ns‚ kz`m-h-sa-¥mWv? a v I¿Ω_lpeXIfpsSXmhfamWv. a nv Fs¥-¶nepw sNø-Ww. Cu kaq-lØn¬ -Fs¥-¶n-ep-sams° sNø-Ww. a- v GXnepw CS-s]´v AXnsin-∏n-®p-Ifbpw. At∏mƒ a- ns Fhn-tSbpw CS-s]-Sm≥ Ω- - -ƒ Ap-hZn-°m-Xn-cn-°p-I. AXmWv Pohn-XØnse G‰hpw henb - -km[-. a- ns‚ CS-s]-Sens--∏‰n ]d-bp∂ Hcp IY-bp-≠v. - Hcn°¬ Hcp tXc´ S-∂p-t]m-Ip-∂Xp I≠n´v ASpØ Ip‰n-°m-´n-en-cp∂ apb¬ tXc-´tbmSv tNmZn®p: “tXc´t®´m, Rm≥ -ns‚ SØw {i≤n-°p-Ibm-bn-cp-∂p. Cu qdp-IW°nv Imep- - - -Iƒh®p Hcn-StØ°pw th®p-t]m-ImsX o S-°p∂pht√m. Fß- -s-bmWv C{Xb[nIw Imep-Isf o ssIImcyw sNøp-∂X? ns‚ - vIgnhv A]m-cw-Xs∂.”At∏mƒ tXc´ ]d™p: “Hm AXmtWm. -AsXm∂pw Fn-s°mcp kmc-ap≈ Imcy-a√.” CXp ]d™v tXc´ -Aev]w K¿t∆msS S-°m≥ {ian®p. ]t£, tXc-´bv°p S-°m≥Ign-bp-∂n-√. Imep-Iƒ Hmtcm-∂mbn th®p-t]m-Ip-∂p. “apb¬Ft∂mSp tNmZn-°p-∂Xnp apºp-hsc Rm≥ F{X Am-bmkamWvqdp-IW°nv ImepIƒ FSpØph®v S-∂n-cp-∂Xv. ]t£ Ct∏mƒ - -Fn-°Xv km[n-°p-∂n-√t√m.” tXc´ BflKXwsIm≠p. - ImcWw AXp-hsc tXc-´-bn¬ a- p-≠m-bn-cp-∂n-√. Bapb¬h∂v tXc-´-bn¬ a- p-≠m-°n. a v CS-s]-´-tXm-Sp-IqSntXc-´-bpsS kzm`m-hn-I-amb KXn-bßp amdn. S-°m≥ ]‰p-∂n-√.AXp-t]m-se-bmWv ΩpsS Pohn-X-Øn¬ kaq-l-Ønse ]e-X-c-Øn-ep≈ CSs]SepIƒ a- n-te°p IS-∂p-h∂v Ω-psSkzm`m- h n- I - a mb Pohn- X - Ø ns‚ KXn am‰n- h n- S p- ∂ Xv . CXpn߃°v a- nemIp∂ Imcy-ß-fm-Wv. shdpsX kt¥m-jn®vt]mIp∂ hy‡n-I-sfms° Hcp kp{]-`m-X-Øn¬ ZpxJn®v Bfl-lXy sNøp-∂Xp ImWmw. AXns‚ Imc-W-sa-¥mWv? a- p-h∂v CS-s]´v kzm`mhnIXsb XInSw adbv°p∂p. Ωƒ ]d-™p-h-∂Xv kØv {]]-©-Øns‚ aqe`qXamWv.AXnv {]]-©-am-bn-Øo-cm≥ ]pd-Øp-n-∂p≈ BcptSbpwCS- 102
  • 103. s]-S¬ Bh-iy-an-√. Hcp hnØnp ac-am-bn-Øo-cm≥ Bcp-tSbpw]pd- Ø p- n- ∂ p≈ klmbw Bh- i y- a n- √ . AXnv AXns‚D≈n¬Xs∂ A¥-c-ÿ-am-bn-cn-°p∂ Hcp i‡n-hn-ti-j-ap-≠v.At∏mƒ hnØn-p-≈n¬X-s∂-bmWv i‡nbpw i‡-p-sams°Ccn-°p-∂-Xv. hnØn¬n∂pw thdn´ Hcp ssZhw hnØnssNSn-bm-°p-∂n√. CXp Ωƒ°v √-hÆw t_m[y-s∏-Sp-tºmƒ{kjvSmhv C√mØ Hcn-Shpw Cu {]]-©-Øn¬ C√ F∂-dn-bm≥ Ign-bpw. GsX-¶nepw Hcp hkvXp-hntem GsX-¶nepwHcp ÿetØm am{Xw ssZhw Ccn-°p∂p F∂p ]d-bp-∂Xv_men-i-am-b Hcp hmZ-am-Wv. D]-n-j-Øp-Iƒ hfsc hy‡-X-tbm-Sp-IqSn ]d-bp∂ Imcy-am-Wv Cuizcs‚ k¿hhym]IXzw.Cuim-hm-ky-anZw k¿hw. F√m-‰nepw Cui≥ Bh-kn-°p-∂p.F√m {]]-©-L-S-I-ß-fnepw Cuiz-cp≠v. Cuiz-c-n-√mØHcn-Shpw C√. ap°v Aß-s-sbmcp IÆp-s≠-¶n¬ am{XtaCuiz-cs ImWp-I-bp-≈q. Hcn-°¬ {io_p-≤≥ injy-∑m-cp-sS-IqsS S-∂p-t]m-Ip∂ ka-bØvASpØp I≠ Hcp ]md-bn¬ Npw_n-®p. CsX¥mWv Kpcp Cß-sImWn-°p-∂sX∂p injy-∑m¿ kwibn®p. Kpcp Hcp hn{K-lm-cm-[I- - --√t√m. F∂n´pw Cu ]mdsb Bcm-[n-°p-∂Xv F¥n-mWv? Hcp -Kpcp-hns‚ IqsS injy-∑m¿ Pohn-°p-sa-¶nepw ]e-t∏mgpw Kpcp-hns‚{]hr-Ønsb injy-∑m¿ tNmZyw sNøpw. injy-∑m¿°msW-¶n¬ Nne-t∏m-sgms° Kpcp-hn-t-°mƒ B[nImcnIX X߃°msW∂ptXm∂n-t∏m-Im-dp-≠.v AXp-sIm≠v Kpcp sNbvX Hcp {]hr-Ønsbinjy≥ tNmZyw sNøp-∂p: “F¥m-Wßv ImWn-°p-∂Xv? Bsc-¶nepwImWnt√? ” Fs‚ Kpcp Cß-s-bm-W,v Fs‚ Kpcp Aß-s-bmWvFs∂ms° injy-∑m¿ hmtXm-cmsX kwkmcn°mdp≠v. ]e injy-∑mcpw Kpcp-hn-s-°p-dn®v Cß-s-sbms° ]d-bp-sa-¶nepw Kpcp Fß-s-bm-sW-s∂m∂pw ]d-™p Xo¿°m≥ B¿°pw Ignbmdn√.]ns∂bpw Kpcp- Hcp A¤p-Xam-bn-Xs∂ injyn¬ Ahtijn°pw. -GsX-¶nepw KWØn¬ Hcp Kpcp-hns s]Sp-Øm≥ ap°p Ign-bn-√.`‡-st∂m ⁄mn-sbt∂m tbmKn-sbt∂m XØz-Nn-¥Ist∂m - -kmaq-ly-]cn-jI¿Øm-sht∂m aXm-Nm-cyst∂m Cß-s-bp≈ Hcp - vKWØnepw Hcp Kpcp-hns s]Sp-Øm≥ Ign-bn-√. ]t£, kaqlwAß-s-sbms° s]Sp-Øpw. kaq-lØnv AsXms° ck-Icam-b - - -Xam-iI-fm-W.v - 103
  • 104. {iom-cm-bWKp-cp-hns ]ecpw kmaq-ly-]cn-jvI¿Øm-sh∂p - - -hnfn°pw. F¥p- s Im- ≠ m- W - ß s ]d- b p- ∂ Xv ? thsdhntijWßsfm∂pw In´m-ØXp-sIm-≠v. Fs¥-¶nepw ]d-bt≠. - -]d-bm≥th≠n ]d-bp∂p F∂p am{Xw. kmaq-ly-]-cn-jvI-c-WwNnet∏msgms° hneIpd™XmbnØocmdp≠v. {]tXyIn®pw HcpPoh∑p‡s°pdn®p ]dbptºmƒ. kmaq-ly-]-cn-jvI-cWwF∂m¬ F¥mWv A¿∞-am-°p-∂Xv? GsX-¶nepw Xc-Øn¬ Pohn-®n-cp∂ Bfp-Isf thsdmcp Xc-Øn¬ Pohn-°p-hm≥ klm-bn-°p-I. F∂p ]d-™m¬ Ipf-Øn¬ InS-∂n-cp∂ PesØ Xpd-∂p Hcp]mS-tØ°p hn´p-Ign-™m¬ B ]mS-Øns‚ BImcw AXn-p- -≠m-Ipw. Ipf-Øns‚ BIm-c-Øn¬ Ccp-∂n-cp∂ sh≈w ]mS-Øns‚ BImcsØ ssIs°m-≈pw. AXmWv kmaq-ly-]cn-jvI- -cWw. AXp-sIm≠v Pohn-X-Ønv ]q¿ÆX D≠m-I-W-sa-∂n-√.kmaq-ly-]cn-jvIcWw Pohn-XØns‚ BXy¥nI e£y-a√. Kpcp- - - -hn-sXmcp henb e£y-am-bn-cp-∂n-√. Iptd-°m-eambn Iptd Bfp- - -Iƒ Htc-co-Xn-bn¬ Pohn-®t∏mƒ AXn-s-sbm∂v hgn-Xn-cn-®p-hn- -´p. thsdmcp coXn-bn¬ Pohn-°m≥ ]d-™p. A{X-tb-bp-≈q. CnAsXmcp tcmK-am-bn-Øo-cpw. Kpcp ImWn® coXn-bn-eqsS Pohn®vPohn®v tcmK-am-bn-Øo-cp∂ ap-jysc thsdmcp Kpcp h∂v Ahscthsd Hcp hgn Xncn®p-hn-Spw. amS-tbpw adp-Xtbbpw Hs° ]dn- -s®-SpØv Kpcp If-™Xp-t]mse, Ct∏m-gp≈ BNm-c{I-aßtfbpw - - - -coXn-Itfbpw thsdmcp Kpcp-h∂v ho≠pw ]dn-s®-Sp-Øp-Ifbpw. - - -Kpcp-hns‚ Pohn-XØn¬ hfsc hnπ-hm-flIambn-´p≈ Imcyw Hcp- - - -X-cØn-ep≈ k{º-Zm-bßtfmSpw Kpcp-hnv imiz-Xam-bn-cn-°p∂ - - - -kwKw D≠m-bn-cp-∂n-√ F∂XmWv. Ωƒ ΩpsS t_m[sØ AXns‚ ]q¿Æ-X-bn-te°v FØn-°p-hm≥ GsX√mw coXn-Iƒ Ah-ew-_n-°mtam AsXms° Ah-ew-_n-°m-hp-∂-tX-bp-≈q. GsXmcp Bcm-[-m-{I-ahpw GsXmcp[ym-co-Xnbpw tbmK-co-Xnbpw ap°v B{i-bn-°m-hp-∂-tX-bp-≈q. AXnv tam£-Øn-te-°p bn-°p-hm-p≈ i‡n D≠m-I-W-sa∂p am{Xw. As√-¶ntem F{X Bcm-[--Iƒ S-Øn-bn´pwHcp Imcy-hpan-√. `‡n ap-jys _‘n-∏n-°p-Ibpw ZpxJn-∏n-°p-Ibpw sNøp-Ibm-sW-¶n¬ B `‡n-sIm-s≠¥p {]tbm-Pw? - -AXp-t]mse ]mWvUn-Xyhpw ]e Adn-hp-Ifpw Ωsf Al-¶-cn-∏n-°m-dp-≠v. Ωƒ tSp∂ Adn-hp-Iƒ sΩ Al-¶m-c-Øn- 104
  • 105. te°pw K¿hØn-te°pw sIm≠p-t]m-Ip-∂p-s≠-¶n¬ B AdnhpsIms≠¥p {]tbm-Pw? CsXm-s°-bmWv Kpcp ImWn-®p-X-cp∂]mT߃. Bcm-bp-In¬ Xnc-Iƒ ocm-bn-Sp-∂p........... CXnp tcm-bn-Sp∂pDe-Iw. Cu temIw Hcp Imcy-am-sW-¶n¬ AXn-smcp Imc-Wap- -≠v. B ImcWw GI-am-bn-cn-°p∂ kØ-bm-W.v Fß-s-bmtWmaÆn¬n∂v IpS-ap-≠m-bn-hcp-∂Xv, Ib-dn¬n∂v ]mºp-≠m-bn-hcp- - -∂-X,v Pe-Øn¬n∂v Xnc-bp-≠m-bn-hcp-∂Xv AXpt]mse kØ- - -bn¬n∂v {]]©w {]ISambnØocp∂p. Imcyw Imc-WsØ X≈n-°-fbm-ØXp-t]mse Cu {]]-©Øns‚ Imc-Wam-bn-cn-°p∂ kØ- - - - -bn¬n∂v Cu {]]©w hyXy-kXa√. hniz-Pn-bm-bn-cn-°p∂ v - - -AΩ-bn¬n-∂p-hn´v Cu {]Ir-Xn-s°mcp AkvXXn-Xbp-an-√. - - - CXp a- n-em-°n-s°m-Sp-°m≥ th≠n Omtµm-tKym-]-n-j-Øn¬ A—mb D±-em-I≥ tizX-tIXp F∂ aIv Ipd®v DZm-l-cW߃ ]d-™p-sIm-Sp-°p-∂p≠v. tizX-tIXp ]{¥-≠m-asØ - -hb- n¬ Kpcp-Ip-e-Øn¬t]mbn ]{¥-≠p-h¿jw ]Tn®v Xncn®phcp-∂Xm-Is´, s©pb¿Øn henb Adn-hp≈ Hcm-sf-t∏m-se-bm-Wv. A—-p aIs AI-se-n∂p I≠-t∏mƒXs∂ a- n-embn, Xs‚ aI≥ ]{¥≠p h¿jw B{i-a-Øn¬t]mbn in-®n-´mWp hcp- ∂ - s X- ∂ v . Ct∏m- g sØ I´nIƒ bqWn- t h- g v k n- ‰ n-bn¬t]mbn ]Tn®p Xncn-®p-h-cp-∂-Xp-t]mse... At∏mƒ A—≥ tNmZn-®p: “A√tbm kuay, tizX-tItXm,F¥p-sIm-≠mWv obn-ßs alm-a--kvImbn thZm-[y-bwsNbvXhs∂ A`n-am-tØm-Sp-IqSn Alw-`m-hn-bm-bn-cn-°p-∂Xv? - - -F¥p-sIm-≠mWv tIƒ°m-ØXv tIƒ°-s∏-´-Xmbpw hnNm-cn-°m-ØXv hnNm-cn-°-s∏-´-Xmbpw Adn-bm-ØXv Adn-™-Xmbpw `hn-°p-∂Xv B BtZ-isØ o Kpcp-hn-tmSp tNmZn-®pthm?” AXp-tI´v tizX-tIXp AXns‚ DØcw In´msX Aº-c-∂p-n-∂-tX-bp-≈q. AsX-¥m-WXv? tIƒ°m-ØXv tIƒ°-s∏-Sp-I, Adn-bm-ØXv Adn-b-s∏-Sp-I. GsXm-∂-dn-™m-emtWm F√mw Adn-b-s∏-´-Xm-bn-Øo-cp-∂Xv, Aßs H∂-dn-™m¬ F√mw Adn-bp∂Hc-dn-hp-t≠m? Imc-WsØ Adn-™m¬ ImcysØ apgp-h≥ Adn-™Xnp Xpey- -am-W.v AXp-sIm≠v B H∂n-s-°p-dn®p tizX-tI-Xp-hnv Hcp n›- 105
  • 106. b-hp-an-√. At∏mƒ tizX-tIXp A—-tmSv tNmZn-®p: “A—m, BBtZiw Fß-s-bp-≈XmWv?” At∏mƒ A—≥ XØzakn F∂ -almhmIysØ ]d-™p-sIm-Sp-Øp. Omtµm-tKym-]-n-j-Øns‚G‰hpw atm-lcam-bn-cn-°p∂ B ktµiw Chn-sS-bmWv shfn- - -s∏-Sp-Øp-∂Xv. - “A√-tbm kuay, Hcp a¨I-´sb Adn-™m¬ aÆp-sIm-≠p-≠m-°nb F√m hkvXp-°tfbpw Adn-bm≥ Ign-bp-∂p. hnImcw F∂p -]d-bp-∂Xv hm°ns B{i-bn-®p≈ t]cp am{X-am-Ip-∂p. aÆv am{XtakXy-am-bn-´p-≈q.” BZysØ Hcp D]-tZ-iam-W.v hnImcw F∂p ]d- -™m¬ AXns‚ cq]w. Cu {]]-©Ønse√mw cq]m-¥cWw am{Xta - -D≈q. cq]m-¥cWw F∂p ]d-™m¬ Hcp cq]w amdn thsdmcp cq]- -Øn-te°p t]mIp-∂p. Ifn-aÆv Ipd-®p-Imew IpS-am-bn-´n-cn-°pw. ]ns∂-bXv N´n-bm-bn amdpw. ]ns∂ AsXmcp hnf-°m-bn amdpw. ho≠pwAsXmcp thsd cq]sØ ssIs°m-≈pw. Cßs cq]m-¥cWw -am{Xta {]©-Øn-ep-≈q. kØ amdp-∂n√. Ifn-aÆv amdp-∂n-√. Ifn-a-Ænv F{X cq]-߃ sImSp-Ømepw Ifn-aÆv Ifn-aÆp-Xs∂-bm-bn- - -cn-°pw. {]]-©-Ønv F{X cq]-߃ ssIh-∂mepw {]]©wkØXs∂ Bbncn°pw. Imc-WsØ Adn-™m¬ ImcysØ apgp-h≥ Adn-™Xp-t]m- -se-bm-bn. Cu Hc-dnhv ap-°mcpw ]Tn-∏n-®p-X∂n-´n-√. CXn-te°v -hnc¬ Nq≠p-∂ c≠m-asØ DZmlcWw tm°q: “A√tbm kuay, -Hcp kph¿Æ-°´nsb Adn-™m¬ kz¿Æ-Øns‚ hnIm-cßsf- - - -sb√mw Adn-bm≥ Ign-bp-∂p. ame-bnepw IΩ-enepw hf-bnepw Hs°Ccn-°p∂ kz¿Æw H∂p-Xs∂-bm-W.v AXv At-Icq-]Øn¬ Ccn- - - -°p∂p F∂p-am-{Xw.” AXp sIm≠p-t]mbn Hcp Pz√-dn-°m-cs‚ ASp-Øp-sIm-Sp-Øm¬ ame sImSp-Øp-sht∂m hf sImSp-Øp-sht∂mF∂√ Abmƒ tm°p-∂Xv. Abm-fXv Xpem-kn-te-°n-´v F{X -{Kmw kz¿Æ-ap-s≠-∂mWv tm°p-∂Xv. Abmsf kw_-‘n-®n-S- -tØmfw AXp shdpw kz¿Æw. n߃ ]dbpw: “Atøm! Rmsmcpame-bt√ X∂Xv.” At∏mƒ Abmƒ ]d-bp∂p: “Fn-°nXvkz¿Æw am{X-am-Wv, n߃°nXv ame-bm-bn-cn°mw.” AXp-t]mseCu {]]-©sØ kw_-‘n-®n-StØmfw Hcp ⁄mn°v DeIv F∂p -]d-bp-∂Xv kØ am{X-am-Wv. ChnsS Bscm-s°-bmWv mm-XzsØ ImWp-∂-Xv Ah≥ac- W - Ø n¬n∂v ac- W - Ø n- t e°v t]mbv s °m- ≠ n- c n- ° p- ∂ p. 106
  • 107. B¿s°ms° Chn-sS mm-XzsØ Z¿in-°p-hm≥ Ign-bp-∂pthmAh≥ ac-W-Øns‚ ASn-a-bm-bn-s°m-≠n-cn-°p-∂p. arXyp-`-bw-sIm≠v Ah≥ ne-hn-fn-°p-∂p. B¿°mtWm Cu GI-ambkØsb ImWm≥ Ign-bp-∂Xv Ah≥ arXyp-hn¬n∂v Aar-X-Øn-te°v Nen-°p∂p. AXmWv ho≠pw ho≠pw `mc-X-Øns‚B≤ym- fl n- I - X - b psS kmc- k ¿hkz- a m- b n- c n- ° p- ∂ - X v . ac- W -Øn¬n∂v Aar-XØn-te-°p≈ Ka-amWv Pohs‚ Aa-ckw-KoXw. - - -Pohs‚ KXn AXm-Wv. B KXnsb DW¿ØpI F∂p-≈XmWv -Kpcphns‚ [¿Ωw. AXn-p≈ Hcp kml-Ncy-amWv D]-n-jØv. - -D]- n- j - s Ømcp kml- N - c y- a m- W v . ap- ° Xv Hcn- ° ¬ e`n-®m¬]ns∂ sΩ ]nt∂m-´p-t]m-Im≥ AXv Ap-hZn-°p-Ibn-√. - -Hcn-°¬ Ω-fpsS D≈n¬ Cu Aa-ckw-KoXw DS-se-Sp-Øp-Ign- - -™m¬, Pohs‚ kzm`m-hn-Iamb KXn DW¿∂p-Ign-™m¬ ap- - -s°m-cn-°epw Xncn-®p-t]m-Im≥ Ignbp-Ibn-√. Xncn-®p-t]m-Ip-tºm- - -sgms° ap°p hnj-aam-bn-cn-°pw. sh{]m-fam-bn-cn-°pw. ho≠pw - -ho≠pw ZpxJ-am-bn-cn-°pw. AXp-sIm-≠mWv ]e-t∏mgpw Aev]sa- -¶nepw B≤ym-fln-I-am-bn-cn-°p∂ Bµw D≈n¬ DS-se-Sp-Øn-´p≈ hy‡n euIn-Iam-bn-cn-°p∂ sI´p]mSpIƒ D≠m-Ip-tºmƒ -ho≠pw ho≠pw hnjÆmbnØocp∂Xv. F∂m¬ Hcp km[m-cW°m-cv, euIn-IPo-hn-Xhp-ambn s]mcp- - - - -Ø-s∏´p Pohn-°p∂ Hcmƒ°v, Aßssbmcp {]ivw D≠m-bn-cn-°p-Ibn-√.- Ds≠¶n¬Xs∂ Abmƒ {]ivsØ euIn-Iam-bn- - -Øs∂ ]cn-lcn-°pw. ]W-an-√m-Øhv Ipd®p ]Ww In´n-bm¬ - -Ahs‚ {]ivw Xo¿∂p. F∂m¬ Aß-s-b√ Hcp B≤ym-flnI A`n-cpNn pW-™n-´p≈ Hcm-fp-sS B¥cnIX. AbmƒHcn-°¬ Bflckw pW-™n-´p-≈Xp-sIm≠v thsd F¥p In´n- -bmepw ]ns∂ aXn-bm-hp-Ibn-√. CXp-Xs∂ thWw. ]Ww In´n- -bmepw t]mcm. F√m-hcpsS kvtlhpw _‘hpw Hs° D≠m- -bmepw t]mcm. Ahv CXp-Xs∂ thWw. AXmWv B Pohs‚Bh-iy-IX. AXp-sIm≠v Pohs‚ icnbmb Bh-iy-IXsb Ωƒ - -Xncn-®-dn-b-Ww. thcmb n≥I-g-en¬ Bcm-[w XcWw Bcm-en-Xn-s∂m-cph-cw. tcmbn h∂n-SpI thdm-cp-an√ KXn tl! cmP-tbm-K-P--o.cmP-tbm-KsØ Pn-∏n-°p∂ AtΩ. cmP-tbmKw F∂p ]d-™m¬ F¥mWv? Ωƒ ]e-t∏mgpw tIƒ°m-dp≈ Hcp i_vZ- 107
  • 108. amWv cmP-tbm-Kw. hnth-Im-µkzm-an-Iƒ ]X-RvPen-al¿jn-bpsS - - - -tbmK-kq-{X-߃°v `mjyw Fgp-Xn-bt∏mƒ AXnv cmP-tbmKw -F∂ t]cmWv sImSp-ØXv. cmP-tbmKw F∂p ]d-™m¬ tbmK- -ß-fn¬ cmP-m-bh≥. tbmKw F∂m¬ tN¿®. Cu temIØv -G‰hpw henb tN¿® F¥m-Wv? PohXzw ]c-am-flXØz-hp-am-bn - -tNcp-∂-XmWv. kmK-c-Øn--Sp-Øp-n¬°p∂ ]p¬Øp-ºnencn--°p∂ Hcp a™p-Xp≈n IS-en-te°p ]Xn-°p-∂tXm-Sp-IqSn AXv -IS-em-bn-Øo-cp-∂Xp-t]mse... B a™p-Xp-≈n-bpsS AkvXnX apgp- -h≥ IS-ens‚ AkvXn-Xbm-bn-Øo-cp-∂Xpt]mse.... Poh≥ Cuiz- -c-n-te°v ebn-°m-mbn shº¬sIm≠v shº¬sIm≠v BPohXzw Cuiz-cXz-am-bn-Øo-cp∂p. CXv B¥-cn-I-am-b HcpAp`hamWv. Hcp am‰hpamWv. B am‰-amWv G‰hpw henb tN¿®-bmbncn°p-∂-Xv. ChnsS B tN¿®sb ]d-bp-∂Xv AΩ-bpsSh£- n¬ Aen-™n-√m-Xm-hpI F∂m-Wv. hniz-P--n-bm-bn-cn-°p∂ tZhn-bpsS h£- n¬ Aa¿∂v tZhn-am-{X-am-bn-Øo-cp∂Hcp Ap-`q-Xn-bmWXv. tl! cmP-tbm-KPo, thcmb n≥I-gen¬ Bcm-[w Xc- - - -Ww˛F√m‰nt‚bpw BZnaqeamb ns‚ ]mZIaeß-fn¬ Fn°vBcm-[w Xc-Ww. CXn-smcp hc-ambn o Fn°v tcmbn hc-Ww. kzmp`hambn hcWw. thsd Hcm-fp-tSbpw a[y-h¿Øn-Xzw]mSn-√. o tcm-bn-Øs∂ Fn°p hc-Ww. Hcp ]ptcm-ln-Xt‚tbm -I]SbXnbptStbm GsX-¶nepw Hcp hy‡n-bp-tStbm H∂pw klm-b-an-√msX o Fn-°v Bflmp`hambn hc-Ww. thsd BcpsSA[cØn¬n∂pw Fn°p ns‚ Ap-`hw tIƒt°≠.- AΩFn°v tcp`hambn hcnI. AXn-p-th-≠n-bmWv Fs‚ F√mBcm-[bpw A¿®bpw A¿∏Whpw. G‰hpw henb Bcm-[ F¥mWv? Cu temI-Øn¬ A-h-[n Bcm-[m-{I-aßfp≠v. nßfn¬ Nne¿ t£{X-ßfn¬ t]mIp- - - -∂-h-cp-≠v. Ahn-sS-t∏mbn n߃ Hcp-X-c-Øn¬ Bcm-[ S-Øp-∂p. Nne¿ ]≈n-I-fn¬ t]mbn Bcm-[ S-Øp-∂p. Nne¿tamkvIn¬t]mbn Bcm-[ S-Øp-∂p. Cßs ]e-X-c-Øn-ep≈ Bcm-[-m-{I-a-ß-fn¬ GXmWv G‰hpw henb Bcm-[-m-{Iaw? Ω-fpsS Al-¥sb Cuiz-cp ka¿∏n-°pI F∂p-≈-Xm-Wv. G‰hpw henb Bcm-[ C{X-am-{X-am-Wv. thsd H∂pwap°p sNøm-n-√. 108
  • 109. Hcn-°¬ {]kn-≤-mb Hcp cmPmhv Hcp Znhkw {io_p-≤sImWm≥ t]mbn. {io_p-≤≥ k¿hkw-K-]-cn-Xym-Kn-bm-Wv. sIm´m-c-Øn¬n∂v k¿hhpw XyPn®v ]cn{hPØnmbn Cd-ßn-bn-´p≈ Bfl-⁄m-n-bm-Wv. cmPm-hm-sW-¶n¬ kº-∂-m-Wv, [n-I-m-Wv. AXp-sIm≠v {io_p-≤p sImSp-°m-mbn F¥mWvsIm≠p-t]m-tI-≠-sX∂v At±lw Btem-Nn-®-t∏mƒ hfsc hne-∏n-Sn-∏p≈ cXvw At±lw ssIbn-se-Sp-Øp. At∏mƒ cm⁄ntNmZn-®p: “F¥n-mWv Cu cXv-sams° At±-l-Ønp sImSp-°p-∂Xv? At±lw F√mw Dt]-£n® Bf-t√? At±-lw C-Xnsmcp hnebpw ImWp-I-bn-√.” F∂mepw cmPm-hv, XmsmcpcmPm-h-t√, Xn-s°mcp hne-bnt√ F∂p≈ [mc-W-bn¬ AXpssIbn¬h-®p. At∏mƒ cm⁄n ]d™p: “F¶n-¬ n߃ Hcptdmkm-]p-jv]w-IqSn ssIbn¬ FSp-tØ-°q. At±-l-Øn-v cXvwCjvS-an√m F∂p tXm∂p-I-bm-sW-¶n-¬ n߃ B tdmkm-]pjv]w sImSp--tØ-°q.” cm⁄n-bpsS D]-tZiw Abmƒ X≈n-°-f-™n-√. Hcp tdmkm-]p-jv]w-IqSn ssIbn-se-Sp-Øp. {io_p≤s‚ ASp-sØ-Øn cXvwsImSp-Ø-t∏mƒ _p≤≥ ]d-™p: “AXv If-t™°q.” At∏mƒcmPmhv thKw tdmkm-]p-jv]-sa-SpØv o´n. At∏mgpw {io_p--≤≥ AXn-te°p tm°n-bn´v ]d™p: “AXpw If-t™°q.”cmPm-hnv kwi-b-am-bn. ]pjv]hpw tht≠. At∏mƒ B tdmkm-]p-jv]hpw If-™p. F∂n´v {io_p-≤s‚ ]mZ-ß-fn¬ a-kvI-cn-°m-mbn Ipn-™-t∏mƒ {io_p-≤≥ ]d-™p: “AXpw If-t™°q.” cmPmhnsm∂pw a- n-em-bn-√. CXp I≠v ASp-Øp-n-∂n-cp∂ _p≤s‚ injy-m-b B-µ≥ At±-lsØ hnfn-®p.At±-l-tØmSp ]d™p: “Kpcp ]d-bp-∂Xv AsXm∂pw If-bm--√. Xm¶fpsS Al-¥sb If-bm-m-Wv. ” cmPmhv cXvhpw If-™p, tdmkm-]p-jv]hpw If-™p. F∂n´pw At±-l-Ønp a- n-em-bn-√. Hcp Kpcp-hnv sImSp-°m≥ Ign-bp-∂ G‰hpw henbBcm-[ ΩpsS Al-¥sb Hcp Kpcp-hns‚ apºn¬ {]I-Sn-∏n-°m≥ ]mSn√ F∂p-≈-Xm-Wv. FhnsS Ω-psS Al¥ Kpcp-hns‚ hnim-e-t_m-[-Øn¬ A¿∏n®v ap°p Pohn-°m≥ Ign-bp-∂pthm Ahn-sS-bmWv ap°v ]q¿Æ-am-b Pohn-X-km-£m-XvImcwD≠m-Ip-∂-Xv. Fs‚ C— ssZh-Øns‚ C—-bm-bnamdp-tºmƒAXmWv Pohs‚ kwKoXw. 109
  • 110. CXv hfsc {][m--s∏´ t«mI-amWv. Cnbpw hfsc Kl--X-bp≈ t«mI-ß-fm-Wv D≈Xv. Klw F∂m¬ B-µ-IcwFt∂ A¿∞-ap-≈q. _p≤n D]-tbm-Kn-®mte {]iv-ap-≈q. _p≤n-bn-s√-¶n¬ Hcp {]ivhp-an-√. Bscms° CXp a- n-em-°m≥_p≤n D]-tbm-Kn-°p-∂pthm Ah¿°nXp {]iv-am-bn-Øo-cm-dp-≠v. Hcp _p≤n-bp-tSbpw Bh-iy-an-√. F¥mWv Kpcp ]d-bp-∂Xv:Xnc sh≈-am-Wv. AXp a- n-em-°m≥ F¥mWv _p≤n-ap-´p-≈-Xv. IpSw aÆm-Wv. Ω-fnXp hfsc emfnXytØmsS a- n-em-°m-Ø-Xp-sIm-≠mWv. PK-Zw-_-bpsS ]mZ-߃ Cu apgp-h≥ hniz-Øn-t‚bpw thcm-Wv. thcmb n≥I-g-en¬ Bcm-[w Xc-Ww. AΩ-bpsS ]mZ-ß-fn¬ ]q¿Æ-ambn lrZ-b-tØbpw h]p- n-tbpw A¿∏n-®p-sIm≠vBcm-[ sNø-Ww. F√m Bcm-[--bn-epw-h®v G‰hpw henbBcm-[ Rm≥ F∂ Fs‚ hy‡n-XzsØ amXrXzØnte°vebn-∏n-°p-Ibm-Wv. Ft‚-Xmbn Fs¥m-s°- Ds≠∂v Ωƒ hnNm- -cn-°p-∂pthm AsXm∂pw Ft‚-X√ F∂-dn-bp-I. mw ]e-t∏mgpwkz¥-sa∂p ]d-bp-∂-sX√mw ΩpsS kz¥-a-s√∂pw AXv Cuiz-c-s‚-bm-sW∂pw Adn-bp-I. AXmWv G‰hpw henb Bcm-[-.Aßs Hcp A¿∏Ww AXns‚ ]q¿Æ-cq-]-Øn¬ kw`-hn-°pIhfsc {]bm-k-am-Wv. {]tXy-In®pw XnI®pw ZrjvSn-tKm-N-c-am-bn-cn-°p∂ Hcp hy‡n-Xz-Øns‚ apºn-e-√ Ωƒ A¿∏n-°p-∂-Xv.k¿hhym-]IXz-ap≈ AZr-iy-am-bn-cn-°p-∂ Hcp i‡n-bpsS ]mZ-I-a-e-ßsf AIXmcn¬ Adn-™p-sIm-≠mWv mw A¿∏n-°p-∂-Xv. Aß-s-sbmcp AΩ-bpsS ]mZm-c-hn-µ-ß-fn¬ mw ]q¿Æ-ambn A¿∏n-°-W-sa-¶n¬ Aev]-sa-¶nepw B≤ym-flnI Ap-`hw ΩpsS Pohn-X-Øn¬ D≠m-bn-cn-°-Ww. CØn-cn-sb-¶nepwBfl-ckw ΩpsS D≈n-te°p IS-∂p-h-∂m¬ am{X-amWv Aß-s-sbmcp A¿∏Ww ap°v kpkm-[y-am-bn-cn-°p-I-bp-≈q. AX-s√-¶n¬ `‡n Hcp {]l-k--am-bn-Øocpw. ]e-t∏mgpw ΩpsS kaq-l-Øn¬ `‡n Hcp {]l-k-hpw{]I-S--hp-am-bn amdn-s°m-≠n-cn-°p-I-bm-Wv. F∂p-h-®m¬ mwBcm-[n-°p-∂Xv a‰p-≈-h¿ ImWp-Ibpw sΩ Bfp-Iƒ s√mcp`‡≥ F∂p ]d-bp-Ibpw sNøp-tºmƒ ap-°p-≠m-Ip∂ HcpkwXr-]vXn-bp-≠v. AXv Al-¥-bp-tS-Xm-Wv. Al¥ Ft∏mgpwa‰p-≈-hsc ImWn-°m≥th≠n Fs¥-¶nepw Hs° sNbvXp-sIm- 110
  • 111. ≠n-cn-°pw. Iptd-sbms° AXns Hcp tcmK-am-bn-´mWv a- n-em-t°-≠-Xv. `‡n Hcp {]I-S--am-Ip-tºmƒ AXns FIvkn-_n-j-nkwF∂p hnfn-°pw. Ω-ƒ Cuizcs [ymn°ptºmgpw sXmgp-tºmgpw IÆp-Iƒ AS-b°p-tºmgpw c≠p-aq∂mfp-Iƒ ASpØp≠m- vbn-cn-°Ww. AXmWv Ω-psS `‡n-bpsS Xo{h-Xbv°p Imc-Wam- - -bn-cn-°m-hp∂ Nne kwK-Xn-Iƒ. As√-¶n¬ `‡n D≠m-bn-cn-°p-I-bn-√. lrZ-bØn-ep≈ Bcm-[bv°p- ]-Icw Nne-t∏mƒ Cu - - -{]I-S]cXbn-te°p mw t]mIp-∂p. F∂m¬ `‡n°v bmsXmcp - - - - -hn[-Øn-ep-ap≈ imco-cn-INe-ßfpw th≠m F∂p ]d-bp-Ib- - - -√. Hcm-fpsS lrZ-b-Øn¬ `‡n A¶p-cn-°p-tºmƒ kzm`m-hn-I-ambn D≠m-bn-cn-°p∂ Nne Ne-ßfp-≠v. Hcp al-ØzsØ Ωƒ - -Z¿in-°p-tºmƒ B al-Øz-Øns‚ ap∂n¬ Ωƒ kzm`mhnIambn{a-am-bn-Øo-cm-dp-≠v. ΩpsS inc v Xmt H∂p Ipn-bp-∂p.F¥p-sIm-≠mWv Ipn-bp-∂Xv? al-Øz-Øns‚ ap∂n¬ Fs‚inc v Db-cp-∂-tX-bn-√. Hcp henb aqeysØ ImWp-tºmƒsNdnb aqeyw Xe Ipn-°p-∂p. kqcys‚ apºn¬ kqcy-Im-¥n-∏qhv inckv Ipn®p n¬°p-∂Xp-t]m-se. kqcy≥ Ftßm´p Xncn- -bp-∂pthm Atßm-s´ms° kqcy-Im-¥n-∏qhpw {aamIpw. AXmWv`‡n-bpsS kz`m-hw. mcm-b-W-Kpcp AXp-sIm≠v `‡nsb Bflm-p-k-‘mwF∂mWv ]d-bp-∂Xv. Bflm-hns Ap-k‘mw sNøp-∂XmWv - - -`‡n. Bflmhv Zriy-a-√m-Ø-Xp-sIm≠v Bflm-hns Ap-k-‘mw sNø-Wsa∂p ]d-bp-∂Xns‚ A¿∞w ap°v icn°pw - -a- n-em-Ip-∂n-√. At∏mƒ Kpcp ]d-bp-∂p: “Bflm B-µLx.” -Bflmhv B-µL-am-Ip∂p. B-µw Xnßn-hn-ßn-bn-cn-°p∂ Ah- -ÿ-bm-WXv. B-µØns‚ ]q¿Æ-XbmWv Bflm-hv. Aßs- - - -bm-sW-¶n¬ Bflm-p-k‘mw F∂p ]d-bp-∂Xn-p-]Icw B- - - -µm-p-k‘mw F∂p ]d-™m¬ aXn. B-µsØ Ap-k‘mw - -sNøp-∂XmWv `‡n. Bµw F¥mWv? BµsØ km[m- -cW a- n-em-°n-t∏m-cp-∂Xv mw B{K-ln-°p∂ Fs¥-¶nepwhkvXp In´p-tºmƒ D≈n-ep-≠m-Ip∂ Ap`hsØbmWv. F∂m¬Aß-s-b√ AXns‚ kzmckyw. Bµw F∂ hm°v kaq-l- -Ønepw ]{X-Ønepw km-ln-Xy-Ønepw {]tbmKn-°p∂ coXn-bn-e√ B≤ym-fln-I-kw-ln-X-I-fn¬ D]-tbm-Kn-°p-∂-Xv. Bµw 111
  • 112. F∂m¬ Hcp hkvXp-hn¬n∂v AX-p-`hn-°p-∂hp e`n-°p∂ - -kt¥m-j-a√. Bµw Bflm-hns‚ kz`m-ham-Wv. AXp-sIm≠v - -B-µan-√mØ Hcp hy‡nbpw Cu temI-Øn-en-√. F√m Pohn-I- -fnepw Bµw A¥-cÿam-bn-cn-°p-∂p-≠.v F¥p-sIm≠v? Bflmhv - -F√m-hcnepw Ccn-°p-∂Xp-sIm-≠v. Bflm-hn-√mØ H∂pw-Xs∂- - - -bn-√. Bflm-hns Adn-bp-∂n√ F∂p am{Xw. A{Xtb kw`-hn-°p-∂p-≈q. Bµw F√m-h-cnepw Ccn-°p-∂p-≠v. GsXm-cp-h≥_mly-tem-IØp≈ Xm¬]-cy-ßfn¬n∂v Ahs‚ {i≤sb D≈n- - -te°v Xncn®v Cu B-µsØ [ymn-°p-∂pthm B-µsØ Xnc-bp-∂pthm X∂n¬Xs∂ Ccn-°p∂ Bflm-hns Ap-k‘mw -sNøp-∂pthm At∏mƒ `‡n kw`-hn-°p∂p. Aßs ]d-bp-tºmƒ Chn-sS-sbm-s°-bp≈ t£{X-ß-fnepw]≈n-I-fnepw tamkvIp-I-fn-ep-sams° Bcm-[-I¿ t]mbn Bcm-[n-°p-∂-Xns‚ ]n∂n¬ F¥mWp e£yw F∂p n߃ tNmZn-t®-°mw. mw a- n-em-t°-≠X,v F√m Bcm-[-m-e-b-ßfpwΩpsS D≈n-te°v tm°p-hm-p≈ Hcp kml-Ncyw am{X-am-Wv. Hcp {]tXyI kml-N-cy-Øn¬ ap°p D≈n-te°p Xncn-bp-hm-p≈ t{]cW e`n-°p-∂p. B kml-N-cy-amWv Bcm-[-m-e-b-߃ Hcp-°n-Ø-cp-∂-Xv. hoSns‚ hfsc _l-f-km-{µ-am-bn-cn-°p∂ A¥-co-£-Øn¬n∂v H®-I-sf√mw Ipd™v A¥-co-£-Øn-smcp arZpXzw h∂n-cn-°p∂ Ah-ÿbn¬ IÆp-IfS®v D≈n- - - -te°p tm°p-hmpw {]m¿∞n-°p-hmpw D≈ Ah-k-c-amWv]e-t∏mgpw F√m Bcm-[-m-e-b-ßfpw D≠m-°n-Ø-cp-∂Xv.A√msX Bcm-[-m-e-b-Øn¬ Cuiz-c≥ {]tXy-In®p ÿmw]nSn®p F∂p hnNm-cn-°m≥ ]mSn-√. Aß-s-bm-sW-¶n¬ FÆ-a‰ Cuiz-c-∑m-sc-s°m≠v Bcm-[-m-e-b-߃ nd-tb-≠n-h-cpw. Cßsbp≈ A_≤[mcWIƒ h®p]pe¿Øp∂XpsIm≠mWptemIØv aXkwL¿j-߃ ho≠pw ho≠pw D≠m-Ip-∂Xv. ΩƒCt∏mgpw [cn-®p-h®n-cn-°p-∂Xv Hmtcm Bcm-[m-ebØnepw Hmtcm - - - -Cuiz-c≥ Ds≠-∂m-Wv. Aßs [cn-®p-h®m¬ Hcp Cuiz-ctmSv - -ap°v {]tXyI {]Xn-]Øn tXm∂pw. C∂ t£{X-Ønse C∂N¿®nse C∂ tamkv°nse ssZh-Øn-mWv i‡n IqSp-X¬ F∂p]d-™m¬ thsdmcp Bcm[meb-Øn¬ t]mIp∂ Bƒ°Xpckn-°p-Ibn-√. At∏mƒ Rß-fpsS ssZh-Øn-mWv i‡n nß- -fpsS ssZh-Øn-√ F∂p ]d-bp∂ X¿°-Øn-te°v hcp-∂p. 112
  • 113. X¿°w kwL¿j-Øn-te°p hcp-∂p. kwL¿jw Nne-t∏mƒBfpIsf Bflm-lpXnbntet°m sIme-]m-X-I-Øn-tet°msIm≠p-h-∂n-´p-≈-Xmbn ImWp-hm≥ Ign-™n-´p-≠v. kXyw GI-am-Wv. Cu XØzw BZyw D≈ns‚ D≈n¬ Dd-∏n-°-Ww. BZna-Ime B[ym-flnI enJn-X-am-b D]-n-jØv Du∂n-bq-∂n-∏-d-bp∂ H∂mWv GIw kXv. kXyw Ht∂-bp≈q. hn{]m_lp[m hZ¥n˛]ns∂ Bfp-Iƒ AXn-s-°p-dn®v ]e-X-c-Øn¬]d-bpw. kXy-sØ-°p-dn®p ]d-™p-h-cp-tºmƒ AXv ]e-XmbntXm∂n-∏n-°p-I-bmWv sNøp-∂-Xv. Aß-s-bmWv C{µ-s∂pwhmbp-sh∂pw A·n-sb∂pw ]¿P-y-s∂pw Hs° ]e-X-c-Øn¬]e hymh-lm-cn-I-`m-j-I-fn-te-°Xv amdp-∂-Xv. A≈mlp F∂pwkz¿§-ÿ-mb ]nXmhv F∂pw Hs° ]e-Xm-bn hyh-l-cn-°-s∏-Sp-∂Xv. GI-am-bn-cn-°p∂ Cuiz-c≥ hyh-l-cn-°-s∏-Sp-tºmƒ]e-Xm-bn-Øo-cp-∂p. hyh-lm-c-߃ ne-bv°p-tºmƒ GsXm-c-p-`hw ΩpsS D≈n¬ D≠m-Ip-∂pthm B Ap-`hw Cuiz-cm-p-`-h-am-Wv. AXp-sIm≠mWv Cuiz-cs Hcp hy‡n-bmtbmhkvXp-hmtbm ImWmsX Hc-p-`-h-am-bn Adn-bm≥ IgnbWwF∂p ]dbp∂Xv. ssZhw F∂ Hcp ma-tØ-°m-fp-]cn ssZhn-IX F∂ A-h-ÿ-bmWv ap°v IqSp-X¬ Ap-`-h-am-bn-Øo-cp-∂-Xv. ssZhn-IX Bflm-hns‚ kz`m-h-am-Wv. ssZhn-IXbpsS G‰hpw {][m-s∏´ e£Ww AXv kzbw - - -{]Im-in-°p-∂p. Cu temIØv F¥v ImW-Wsa-¶nepw shfn®w -thWw. kqcys‚ shfn-®tam hnf-°ns‚ shfn-®tam an∂m-an-p-ßns‚ pdp-ßp-sh-´tam Fs¥-¶nepw thWw {]m]-©n-I-ambhkvXp-°sf ImW-Wsa-¶n¬. F∂m¬ ΩpsS Dƒ°-Æn¬ Hcp -shfn-®-an-cn-°p-∂p-≠v. B shfn-®-Øn¬ IÆp-Iƒt]m-bmepwImWm≥ Ign-bpw. ImXp-Iƒ t]mbmepw tIƒ°m≥ Ign-bpw.aq°ns‚ K‘- X - ¥ p- ° ƒ t]mbmepw aW- ° m≥ Ign- b pw.mhn√msX cpNn Adn-bm≥ Ign-bpw. CXv Bflm-hn-en-cn-°p∂shfn-®w-sIm-≠m-Wv. Hcp hnf°pw sImfp-ØmsX ap°v shfn®wImWm≥ Ign-bp-∂Xv Bflm-hns‚ shfn-®Øn-em-Wv. AXp-sIm≠v -GsXm-∂n-mWv icn°pw Bcm-[ sImSp-t°-≠sX∂p mw a- - n-em-°Ww. AXv thsdm-∂npw Xs∂-b√. Fhn-sS-t∏mbn Bcm- - -[n-®mepw B{i-aØn¬t]m-bmepw t£{X-Øn¬t]m-bmepw Cn -hnP-am-bn-cn-°p∂ ImSp-Ifn¬t]m-bmepw Kpl-Ifn¬ Ccp-∂mepw - - - 113
  • 114. Bcm-[nt°≠Xv Hcp hy‡n-tbtbm hkvXp-hn-ttbm As√-¶n¬ Cu {]m]-©n-I-am-bn-cn-°p∂ GsX-¶nepw Hcp hkvXp-hnsFSptØm A√. A¥-cm-flm-hmbn {]Im-in-°p∂ hniz-P--n-sb-bm-Wv. Cu Bcm-[ sX‰n-°m≥ ]mSn-√. AXp sX‰n-bm¬ {Ia-{]-ImcwPohn-XØn¬ Hmtcm∂v sX‰m≥ XpS-ßpw. At∏mƒ ap°p sshj- -ay-߃ D≠m-Ipw. Ωƒ ]d-bpw: “Zm Rm≥ F{X-Im-eambn B -t£-{X-Øn¬ t]mIp-∂p. F{X-am{Xw ]Ww Rm≥ Ahn-sS-sIm-Sp-Øp. F∂n´pw Fs‚ Hcm-{K-lw-t]mepw Ahn-Sp∂v S-Øn-Øcp-∂n- -√t√m”. ImcWw Ω-fpsS Hcp ImasØ Hcp B{KlsØ nd-th-‰m-p≈ Hcp D]m-bam-bn-´mWv ]e-t∏mgpw B{i-aßtfbpw t£{X- -ßtfbpw IW-°m°nt∏mcp∂-X.v AsXmcp sX‰mb coXn-bm-W.vhmkvXhØn¬ ΩpsS B{K-l߃, hy‡n-KXam-b Ima-Iƒ - - - - - -Ft∏mƒ ne-bv°p-∂pthm At∏mƒ Ω-fpsS PohnXw kzm`m-hn-I-ambpw nd-th-ds∏-Spw. AXp-sIm-≠mWv Nne-t∏m-sgms° Nne -hy‡n-I-fpsS Pohn-X-Øn¬ A¤p-X-kw-`-h-߃t]mse Nne-sXms° kw`-hn-°p-∂X.v AXv Bcp-sS-sb-¶nepw i‡n-bm-bn´v mw -Icp-Xcp-Xv. nß-fn-en-cn-°p∂ Cuiz-ci‡n-bmWv nß-fn¬ ]e - - -am‰-ßfpw hcp-Øp-∂X.v CXv Ωƒ Xncn-®dn-bWw. - - - Hmtcm-cp-Ø-cnepw Cuiz-c-i‡n A¥¿nlnXambncn-°p-∂p-≠v. HmtcmcpØcpw Cuiz-c≥Xs∂bmbncn-°p∂p F∂p ]d-bp-∂-XmWv DØ-aw. ]t£, Bfp-Iƒ°Xp hniz-kn-°m≥ ]‰p-∂n-√.‘Rm≥’ Cuiz-cmsW∂p ]d-bp-tºmƒ AXßp kzoI-cn-°m≥ -Ft¥m Hcp `bw-t]m-se... B Hcp `bw F√m-h¿°pap≠v. {]tXy-In®pw {InkvXp-aXØnepw C…mw-aXØnepw hnizkn°p∂h¿°v - - - -B `b- a p- ≠ v . AssZzXthZm¥Øn¬ Ap`qXnbpsSXeØn¬‘Alw {_“mkvan’ F∂v Hcp Ejn°p ]dbm≥Ignbpw. CXpt]mse Rm≥ A≈m-lp-hmWv F∂v C…mw-a-X-Øn¬ Hcmƒ ]d-™m¬ Abm-fpsS Igp-Øn-p-ap-Ifn¬ inc v--Nne-t∏mƒ Is≠∂p hcn-√. nbaw Aß-s-bm-Wv. Aßs]d-bm≥ ]mSn-√ F∂-XmWv C…manInbaw . Cdm-Jn¬ hfsch¿j-߃°p-apºv a¨kq¿ A¬ l÷v F∂ Hcp kq^nk∂ymkn Bµmp-`q-Xn-bpsS ]q¿Æ-X-bn¬ ]d-bp-am-bn-cp∂p‘A¬ lJv’F∂v. A¬ lJv F∂p ]d-™m¬ Rm≥ ssZh-amWv F∂mWv. 114
  • 115. `mc-XØn¬ AXn-p≈ kzmX-{¥yap≠v. ImcWw AssZz-Xth- - -Zm-¥Øns‚ Ap-`hw Aß-s-bm-W.v ]t£, km[m-cW Bfp- -Iƒ Al-¥sIm≠v Cuizcpambn XmZm-fly-s∏´p ]d-bp-∂Xpw -Rm≥ {_“-am-sW∂v Al¶mcteisaty {_“Øn¬ kmflyw{]m]n® Poh∑p‡≥ ]d-bp-∂Xpw c≠pw c≠m-W.v CXv sX‰n-≤-cn-∏n°p∂ Hcp kwK-Xn-bm-W.v A⁄mn Alw {_“ AkvanF∂p ]dbtºmƒ Abmƒ°v Alw icocamWv. ⁄mnbv°vAlw {_“-amWv. CXn¬ Hcmƒ GXp KWØn¬ s]Sp∂p F∂vAp-`hÿmb Hcmƒ°p am{Xta Adn-bq. AXp-sIm≠v a¨kq¿ - - -A¬ l÷ns Ahn-sS-bp≈ aX-{]m-am-Wn-I-∑m¿ ]oUn∏n®psIm∂p. {]mam-Wn-I-∑m¿ F∂p ]d-bp-∂h¿ aX{KŸßfpsSimTyßfn¬ IpSpßn°nS°p∂hcmWv. AhcpsS [¿Ωimkv{X߃ h®p-tm-°n-bt∏mƒ A≈m-lp-hn-tmfw hen-bhmbn Hcp - - -hy‡nbpw Cu temIØv C√ F∂p aXw ]d-bp-∂p. B A≈mlphns A¥cmflmhn¬ Ap`hn°p∂h≥ c‡km£nbmbnØocp∂Xv nIrjvSamb aXt_m[w sIm≠mWv. A√mlp Fs‚BflkØbmWvv F∂v kzbw {]Jym-]n-°p∂ Hcp k∂ym-knsbPoh-tmsS Iim∏psNøp∂Xv F¥psIm≠pw ss]imNnIamWv. a¨kq¿ A¬ l÷ns P-°q-´Øns‚ ap∂n-te°p sIm≠p- -h∂v aX-]-WvUn-X-∑m¿ ]d™p: “o ]d™ hm°p-Iƒ ]n≥h-en-°Ww.” At∏mƒ At±lw ]d™p: “Fn°v Fs‚ Ap-`-hsØ Fßs ]n≥h-en-°m≥ Ignbpw? Rm≥ Fs‚ hm°pIsf]n≥hen®mepw kXyw kXyambnØs∂ Ccn°pw. kXywF∂pw kXy-am-bn-cn-°pw. AXp-sIm≠v kXysØ kXy-a√ F∂p]d-bp-hm≥ Fn°v Ign-bp-I-bn√.” At∏mƒ aX{`m¥∑m¿ At±-l-Øns‚ in£ S-∏m-°n. At±-lØns‚ c≠p ssIIfpw tOZn- -®p-sIm≠v tNmZn®p: “Cnbpw o Xncp-Øp-∂pt≠m?” At∏mƒAt±lw ]d-™p: “kXyw F∂pw kXy-am-Wv. AXv Fs‚ c≠pssIIƒ t]mb-Xp-sIm≠v kXy-a-√m-Xm-bn-Øo-cp-∂n-√.” At∏mƒAt±-l-Øns‚ c≠p Imep-Ifpw tOZn-®p. F∂n´pw At±lwam‰n-∏-d-bm≥ Xøm-dm-bn-√. kq^nbmb a¨kq¿ At∏mƒ Nncn-®p-sIm-≠mWv kwkm-cn-°p-∂-Xv. At±-lsØ kw_-‘n-®n-S-tØmfw tZlm-fl-_p≤n hn´p-t]m-bn-cn-°p-I-bm-Wv. Rm≥ Bflm-hmWv F∂v a- n-em-°n-bn-´p≈ a¨kq¿ A¬ l÷v CXp-Xs∂ Bh¿Øn-°p-∂p. ‘A¬ lJv’F∂v. Rm≥ ssZh-am-Wv, 115
  • 116. Rm≥ A≈m-lp-hm-Wv, Rm≥ kXy-am-Wv. At∏mƒ Ah-kmwAh¿ ]d-™p: “Cnbpw o am‰n-∏-d-™n-s√-¶n¬ ns‚ mhv]ngp-sX-Sp°pw.” Ah¿ mhp ]ngp-sXSpØp. At∏mgpw At±lwNp≠pIƒ-sIm-≠p-]-d™pht{X ‘A¬ lJv ’F∂v. Hmtcm Pohpw ]c-a-km-£m-XvIm-c-Øn-te°v FØn-t®-tc-≠-Xm-bn-´p-≠v. B Bp-`q-Xn-I-am-bn-cn-°p∂ Xew Hcn-°epw Hcphyh-ÿm-]n-X-amb N´-°q-Sn¬ HXp-ßp-∂-X-√. AXv GXv cmjv{S-Øn-em-bmepw GXv kmwkvIm-cn-I-a-WvU-e-Øn-em-bmepw AXnvB N´-°q-Sn¬ Ccn-°m≥ Ign-bp-I-bn-√. AXpsIm≠v AssZz-X-th-Zm-¥-Ønse k∂ym-kn-am¿ {]tXy-In®pw Hcp hn`mKobNn¥mKXn°mc√. AssZz-Xm-p-`hw Pohs‚ ]c-a-am-bn-cn-°p∂km£m-Xv°m-c-am-Wv. AXv {InkvXp-a-X-Øn¬ Hcmƒ Pn-®-Xp-sIm≠v In´n√ F∂n-√. C…mw-a-X-Øn¬ Pn-®-Xp-sIm≠v ap‡nIn´n√ F∂n-√. C…mw-a-X-Øn¬ Pn® Bfp-Iƒ°pw CßsAtz-jWw D≠m-Ipw. Ah¿ kXysØ Atz-jn®v aX-Øns‚N´-°q-Sn¬n∂pw ]pd-Øp-I-S-°p-tºmƒ Ahsc kq^n-IƒF∂mWv hnfn-°p-I. AXp-t]mse {InkvXp-a-X-Øn¬ ]≈nbpsSBƒ°q-´-Øn¬n∂p Nne¿ ]pd-Øp-IS∂v GIm-¥-X-bn-te°pt]mbn au-Øn-te°v B≠n-dßn B Ap-`q-Xnsb Pohn-°p-tºmƒ Ah-sc-bmWv anÃn-°p-Iƒ F∂p ]d-bp-∂-Xv. A-Xp-t]msebmWv `mcXØn¬ k∂ym-kn-amcpw. Chsc Hcp hn`m-K-Ønepw s]Sp-Øm≥ ]mSn-√. Ω-fpsS kzm¿∞-Xm¬]-cyw-sIm≠vKpcp°∑msc {InkvXymnKpcp apk¬am≥ Kpcp lnµpKpcp Fs∂ms° ]d™v Kpcp°∑mcpsS alnabv°v If¶w hcpØmdp≠v. F∂m¬Kpcp F∂pw PK-ZvKpcp BsW-∂dn-bWw. AXp-sIm-≠mWv PK- - -Zw_ F∂p P-nsb hnfn°p-∂Xv. Cu hniz-Øns‚ apgp-h≥ -Kpcp-hm-bn-cn-°p∂ PK-Zw-_bpsS ]mZ-ßfn¬ sΩ ka¿∏n-°p∂ - -Bcm-[-. AXmWv G‰hpw henb Bcm-[-. F∂p ]d-™m¬Ft‚-Xm-bn´v H∂p-an-√. F√mw AΩ-bpsS BsW∂p mw a- n-em-°p-∂p. AXmWv `K-hm≥ IrjvW≥ A¿÷p--tmSv ]d-™p-sIm-Sp-°p-∂Xv. “a∑m `h aZv`‡m aZymPo amw a-kvIpcp.” o Fs‚ -a- p-≈-h-m-bn-Øo-cpI. ns‚ a v o If-bp-I. nt‚-Xm-bn´v Fs¥√mw o sIm≠p--S-°p-∂pthm AsX√mw Ft‚-Xm-Wv. o kzbw Ah-Im-i-s∏-Sp-I-bmWv o nt‚sX∂v. AXp- 116
  • 117. sIm≠v nt‚Xv If™v F√mw Ft‚-Xm-°n-Øo¿°p-I. a∑m`h aZv`-‡m˛o F∂n¬ B-µsØ Xnc-bp-I. n∂nse hnj-bm--µsØ o Xnc-b-cp-Xv. AXmWv aZv`‡m F∂p ]d-™m¬.aZym-Po˛o F∂n¬ ka¿∏n®p I¿Ω߃ sNøp-I. a-kvIp-cp˛o Fs∂ a-kvI-cn-°p-I. F∂n¬ {a-am-bn-cn-°p-I. o ]c-am-flm-hns‚ `mK-am-bn {]h¿Øn-°pI. Cßs hcp-tºmƒ F¥pck-amWv Pohn-Xw. {iocm-aIr-jW]calw-k¿ ck-Icamb Hcp IY ]d-bpw. c≠p - v - - - - - -kw`-h߃ tI´-t∏mƒ ssZhw Nncn-®Xm-bn-´p≈ IY. Hcn-°¬ - -Hcp tUmIvS¿ acn-°m≥ InS-°p∂ Hcp tcmKn-bpsS ASpØp h∂n´vtcmKn-bpsS AΩ-tbmSv hfsc [m¿jvTy-tØm-Sp-Iq-Sn ]d-™p: “F¥n-mWv Ic-bp-∂Xv? Ic-™n-s´m∂pw Hcp Imcy-hp-an-√. Rm≥ hnNm-cn-®mte Ahs c£n-°m≥ ]‰q.” CXp ]d-™t∏mƒ ssZhw -Nncn-®p. ssZhw Nncn-°p-∂sX-¥n-mWv? ssZhw ]d™p: “Ahs‚ -Pohs Rm≥ FSp-Øp-Ign-™Xt√. Cbmƒs°-ßs ]ns∂ - - -c£n-°m≥ Ignbpw?” ssZhw Hcn°¬°qSn Nncn®p. `qan-bn¬ Hc-Xn¿Øn D≠m-°n- AXns‚ c≠p hi-ß-fn-embn tPyjvTpwApPpw amcImbp[ßfpambn sh√phnfnbv°p∂p. Hcmƒ]dbp∂p, “CsXs‚ `qan-bmWv” At∏mƒ thsdbmƒ ]d-bp-∂p:“CsXs‚ `qan-bmWv.” Cßs Ah¿ ]c-k]cw iWvT IqSp-∂Xv vtI´-t∏mƒ ssZhw apI-fn-en-cp∂p Nncn-®p. F¥mWv Nncn-°m≥ImcWw? Ah¿ iWvTIq-Sp-∂Xnp apºpw Iptd Bfp-Iƒ AhnsS - -iWvTIqSn t]mbn-´p-≠v. At∏mgpw Ah¿ ]d-™n-cp-∂Xv “CXv -Fs‚ `qan-bmWv ”F∂m-Wv. Cu ]d-™hsc-√mw C∂v acn®p aÆ- - -Sn-™p-t]m-bn. Ct∏mƒ ho≠pw AXv Cu Bfp-Iƒ Bh¿Øn-°p-I-bm-Wv˛CsXs‚ `qan-bm-Wv, CsXs‚ `qan-bmWv F∂v. ΩƒCsX-t‚-Xm-sW∂v ]d-bp-tºm-sgms° Cu £Wn-Iam-bn-cn-°p∂ -PohnXsØ-°p-dn®p hnkvacn-®p-t]m-hp-IbmWv sNøp-∂X.v hfsc - - -Ipd-®p-Imew Pohn-°p∂ ap-jy≥ `qan-bn¬h∂v Cu `qan apgp-h≥kz¥-am-°m≥ {ian-°pI F∂p ]d-™m¬ Al-¥bp-tS-Xm-b Hcp -[m¿jvSyw Ah-n-ep-≈Xp-sIm-≠mWv. - amkn-tUm-Wn-b≥ cmPm-hm-bn-cp∂ Ae-Ivkm-≠¿°v C¥yapgp-hpw ]nSn-®-S-°-W-sa-∂m-bn-cp∂p tamlw. Ae-Ivkm-≠¿Hcp Znhkw Utbm-P-nkv F∂ Hcp Ejnsb ImWm≥ t]mbn.Utbm-P-nkv Hcp Zn-°-c-bn-emWv InS-∂n-cp-∂-Xv. At±-l-Ønv 117
  • 118. {]tXyIw IpSn-ep-Itfm `mcytbm Ip´n-Itfm H∂p-an-√. bZr-—bmem` k¥pjvSx ˛ B{Kln°msX In´p∂ `£Ww Ign-°p-∂p,kt¥mjn°p∂p. AXm-W-t±-l-Øns‚ Pohn-Xw. At±-l-Ønphkv{X-sam∂pw C√. Zn-bpsS Acn-In¬ InS-∂n-cp∂ Hcps]´IØnemWv At±lw tIdn-°n-S-∂n-cp-∂-Xv. Btcm If-™n-´p-t]mb s]´Iw. Utbm-P-nkv Hcp Znhkw DZ-b-kq-cys‚shbn¬ Im™p sIm≠n-cn-°p∂ ka-bØmWv Ae-Ivkm-≠¿AhnsS sN∂Xv. C¥y ]nSn-®-S-°m≥ t]mhp-I-b-t√. F¶nepwAe-Ivkm-≠dpsS D≈n¬ ⁄mn-ItfmSv Aev]samcp Xm¬]cyw - -D≠m-bncp∂p. Acn-tÃm-´n-ens‚ injy-m-bn-cp∂p At±-lw.AXp-sIm≠v Acn-tÃm-´n-en¬n∂pw In´n-bn-´p≈ Nne Zm¿i-n-I-X-I-sfms° Ae-Ivkm-≠¿°p-≠v. AXp-sIm-≠mbncn°mwUtbm-P-n-kns ImWm≥ h∂Xv. Utbm-Pn-kns‚ ap∂n¬Ae-Ivkm-≠¿ o≠p-n-h¿∂p- n∂n´p tNmZn-®p: “Fs∂ a- n-temtbm?” UtbmP-n-knv Hcp-X-c-Øn-ep≈ Ipep-°-hp-an-√.At±lw n»_v Z mbn Ccn- ° p- I - b m- W v . AeIv k m≠dpsS]´mf°mcpw ]cnhmcßfpsams° Np‰pw IqSn-bn-´p-≠v. Utbm-P-nkv AeIvkm≠sd {i≤n-°p-∂-Xp-t]m-ep-an-√. At∏mƒ ho≠pwAeIvkm≠¿ ]d™p: “Rm≥ alm-mb Ae-Ivkm-≠-dm-Wv ”.At∏mƒ Utbm-P-nkv ]d™p: “Fs‚ kqcys XS-bmsX oAev]sam∂p amdn- n¬°q.” A{Xbpw n m- c - a mbnAeIvkm≠sd X≈n-°f™-t∏mƒ At±-l-Øns‚ Al-¥°vHcp £Xw G‰-Xp-t]msebmbn. Hcp cmPmhv h∂v ASp-Øp-n-∂-t∏mƒ At±-l-tØmSv Hcpk∂ymkn ]d-bp∂p, Fs‚ kqcys XSbmsX amdnn¬°m≥.Ae-Ikm-≠¿ ho≠pw ]d™p: “Rm≥ Cu cmPy-Øns‚ N{Ih¿ vØnbmWv. Aßsb ImWm-mWv Rm≥ ChnsS h∂n-cn-°p-∂Xv.” -UtbmPokv DZmkoambn tNmZn®p: “F¥nmWv Fs∂ImWm≥ h∂Xv? ”AeIvkm≠¿ ]d™p: “Rm≥ Cu temI-Øns‚ ap°m¬ ]nSn-®-S-°n-°-gn-™p. apgp-h≥ temIhpw Fn°p ]nSn-®-S-°-Ww.At∏m-gmWv AßnhnsS Ds≠∂-dn-™Xv. AXp-sIm≠v Aßsb -I≠n´p t]mIm-sa∂p Icp-Xn-bmWv h∂-Xv. ”“o F¥n-mWv Cu temIw apgp-hpw ]nSn-®-S-°p∂Xv?”Utbm-P-nkv Aekambn tNmZn®p. 118
  • 119. At∏mƒ Ae-Ivkm-≠¿ ]d-™p: “Cu temIw apgp-h≥ ]nSn-®-S-°nbmte Fn°p kzÿ-X In´q.” Utbm-Pnkv CXp-tI-´t∏mƒ ]cn-lm-kkzcØn¬ Nncn-°m≥ - - -XpS-ßn. Ae-Ivkm-≠¿°v c≠m-asØ £Xw Al-¥-bn¬ kw`-hn-®p. Ae-Ivkm-≠¿ tNmZn®p: “F¥n-m-Wßv Cßs Nncn-°p-∂Xv?”At∏mƒ Utbm-P-nkv ]d-™p: “Cu temIw apgp-h≥ ]nSn-®-S-°n-b-Xn-p-tijw n߃ kzÿ-am-Im≥ B{K-ln-°p-tºmƒRm≥ CsXm- ∂ p- a n- √ msX ChnsS kzÿ- a m- b n- c n- ° p- ∂ t√mF∂mtem-Nn®v Nncn-®-XmWv.” CXn-eqsS aps°mcp henb ktµiw In´p-∂p-≠v. ap-jy≥euIn-IPo-hn-XØn¬ sNøp∂ F√m I¿Ω-ßfpw {]b-Xvßfpw - - -F{X-am{Xw temIsØ kz¥-am°mw F∂-Xn-p-th-≠n-bmWv._n n--kp-Im-cm-bmepw km[m-c-W-°m-cm-bmepw F{X-am{XweuIn-I-k-º-Øp-Iƒ kz¥-am°n Xs‚ hy‡n-Xz-Ønp am‰p-Iq´mw F∂mWv Atz- j n- ° p- ∂ - X v . Cu {]bXv - Ø ns‚hrYmXzsØ FSpØp ImWn°pIbmWv UtbmPokv. amXr-Xz-Øns‚ Ap-`hw lrZ-b-Øn¬ tcn´v D≠m-I-Ww.CXmWv ChnsS Atz-jn-°p-∂Xv. Chn-SsØ `‡n Bflm-hns -Ap-k-‘mw sNøp∂ `‡n-bm-Wv. Bflm-hn-te°p ebn-®p-tN-cp∂ `‡n-bm-Wv. Al-¥bpsS n¿Ωm¿-÷amWv Cu `‡n. - - -]t£, km[m-cW P-߃°v s]mSp-∂s Ah-cpsS Al¥A‰p-t]m-Ip-tºmƒ Ft¥m Hcp `bw Pn°p∂p. AXp-sIm≠vho≠pw Al-¥-bn¬Xs∂ Ah¿ ]nSn-°pw. Fs‚ Cu euIn-I-_-‘-ß-sf√mw jvS-s∏-´p-t∏m-Iptam? Rm≥ kºm-Zn-®Xp apgp-h≥ Fn°p jvS-s∏-´p-t]m-Iptam F∂p≈ Hcp `bw. AXp-sIm≠v euIn-I-Xsb Ωƒ hnSp-I-bp-an-√ ssZhsØ ]nSn-°p-I-bp-an-√. CXn-n-S-bn¬ Hcp {Xni-¶p-hn-emWv ap-jy-Po-hnXwDub-em-Sn-s°m-≠n-cn-°p-∂-Xv. CXp hn´m¬ AhnsS ]nSn-bp-≠v.]t£, CXp hnSpI-bn-√. CXv ap-jy-s k¶SØnemgvØp∂Hcp {]Xn-k-‘n-bm-Wv. c≠v h≈-Øn¬ Imen´p k©-cn-°p∂ Hcp hy‡n-sb-t∏m-se-bm-Wn∂v ap-jy≥. CXm-W-h-nse {]Xn-k-‘n. ssZhsØthWw-Xm-pw F∂m¬ euIn-I-Øn¬ Hcp ]nSnbpw thWw. 119
  • 120. c≠pw Hcp-an®v Ap-`-hn-°m≥ ap-jy≥ B{K-ln-°p-∂p. Cuc≠v D≠m-°n-b-Xns‚ ^e-am-bn-´mWv c≠nepw Imen-´n-cn-°p-∂-Xv. F∂m¬ ssZhØnea¿∂v Cu temIw ssZh-Øn¬X-s∂-bm-sW∂ hkvXpX Ap-`-hn-°m≥ Ign-™m¬ ]ns∂ c≠ns‚Ap-`hw D≠m-bn-cn-°p-I-bn-√. AXp-sIm≠v ssZhw, temIwF∂p≈ Zzµzw hcp-∂Xv euIn-I-X-bn¬ Pohn-°p-tºmƒ am{X-am-Wv. Cuiz-c-n¬ Pohn-°p-tºmƒ temIw thsd F∂ Ap-`hw D≠m-bn-cn-°p-I-bn-√. F√mw Cuiz-co-b-am-bn Pohn-°p-∂p.`£Ww Ign-°p-∂Xpw InS-°p-∂Xpw F√mw Cuiz-co-b-am-bn-´mWv sNøp-∂-Xv. AXmWv G‰hpw henb `‡n. At∏mƒ F√mI¿Ω-ßfpw ]qP-bm-bn amdp-∂p. F√m I¿Ω-ßfpw Bcm-[--bm-bn amdp-∂p. Ccn-°p-∂-Xpw InS-°p-∂Xpw S-°p-∂Xpw Fgp-Xp-∂Xpw Hs° Bcm-[--bm-Ip∂p. Idn°v Acn-bp-∂Xpw Cuiz-cm-cm-[--bm-Wv. Cßs k¿hI¿Ω-ßfpw ]qP-bm-bn amdp-∂Xvhy‡n-bn-ep-≠m-Ip∂ Hcp ]cn-Wm-a-am-Wv. As√-¶n¬ Ωƒ Ac-a-Wn-°q¿tcw ]qPm-Zn-Iƒ sNøp-∂p, Bcm-[ sNøp-∂p. _m°n-k-a-b-sam∂pw ΩpsS a- n¬ Aß-s-sbmcp Nn¥-bn-√. AXn-t-°mƒ F{Xtbm DØ-a-amWv apgp-h≥ I¿Ω-tØbpw Cuiz-cm-cm-[--bm-bn sNøp-∂-Xv. {]tXy-In®pw sk≥ _p-≤n-Ãp-IƒAß-s-bmWv Ah-cpsS [ymsØ Nn´-s∏-Sp-Øn-bn-cn-°p-∂Xv.- Hcn-°¬ Hcp sk≥am-ÃdpsS ASp-Øp-sN-∂v Hcp injy≥ tNmZn- -®p: “F¥mWv [ymw?” At∏mƒ B sk≥ am-ÿ ]d-™p:“Ccn-°p-tºmƒ Ccn-°p-I, InS-°p-tºmƒ InS-°p-I, S-°p-tºmƒS-°p-I˛ C{Xtb [ym-ap-≈q. thsd [ym-sam∂pw C√.” CXp tIƒ°p-tºmƒ ap°p tXm∂pw Ωfpw Ccn-°p-tºmƒCcn-°p-I-bt√ sNøp-∂-Xv, S-°p-tºmƒ S-°p-I-bs√ sNøp-∂-Xv, InS°ptºmƒ InS°pI-bt√ sNøp-∂-Xv F∂v. km[m-c-W-K-Xn-bn¬ Aß-s-sbm-s°-bm-sW-¶nepw Aß-s-b-√. ΩƒCcn-°p-tºmƒ Ω-fpsS icocw Ccn-°p-Ibpw a v Nen-®p-sIm-≠n-cn-°p-Ibpw sNøpw. a v thsd Fhn-sS-sb-¶nepw Bbn-cn-°pw. `£n-°p-tºmƒ ssIsIm≠v `£n-°p-∂p-s≠-¶nepw a vB `£n°en¬ D≠m-bn-cn-°n-√. thsd Fhn-sS-sb-¶nepw Bbn-cn-°pw. Cu {[phoIcWw Ωnep≠v. AXp-sIm≠v CXv sk≥am-ÃdpsS BZysØ in£WamWv. o InS-°p-tºmƒ InS-°p-I, Ccn-°p-tºmƒ Ccn-°p-I, S-°p-tºmƒ S-°p-I. apjy≥ 120
  • 121. Amhiyambn Nn¥Iƒ sIm≠ph∂v PohnXsØ k¶o¿Æam°pIbmWv. AXn-p-th-≠n-bn-´p≈ Nne [ym-km-[Isfms° - - -sk≥ Kpcp°∑m¿ injy∑m¿°p sImSp-°pw. AXp-t]msebp≈ Hcp km[bmWv hm°nMv saUn-t‰-j≥.hfsc kmh[mw “S°p∂” Hcp [ymkm[bmWnXv. HmtcmNphSv FSp-Øp-hbv°p-∂Xnpw kabw sImSp°Ww. km[Iv - -A{Xbpw Ah-t_m[w AXn¬ D≠m-bn-cn-°Ww. Imep-b¿Ønh®p -]Xps° S-°p-I. At∏mƒ Ahv thsdm∂pw Nn¥n-°m≥ CSw-sIm-Sp-°mØ coXn-bn¬ B S-ØØn¬am{Xw Ahs‚ a- ns -sIm≠p-h∂v [ymn-∏n-°pI. ap°pw CXp ioen-°m-hp-∂tX-bp- -≈q. F¥p sNøp-tºmgpw B Ap-`hØnte°p Ω-psS ]q¿Æ-amb t_m[sØ sIm≠p-h∂m¬ AXv Cuiz-co-bambn amdpw. - -[ymambn amdpw. Hcp •m v sh≈-sa-SpØv IpSn-°p-∂ Xpt]mepwt_m[-]q¿h-am-Ip-tºmƒ AXv G‰hpw henb Bcm-[bm-Wv. - - Cu Bcm-[-sb a- n-em-°m≥ Ign-™n-´pt≠m? ΩƒsNøm-dpt≠m? Ωƒ F¥v sNøp-tºmgpw s]mSp-∂s FSp-°p∂Xpw s]mSp-∂s hbv°p-∂Xpw Hs° Hcp b{¥w t]mse-bm-Wv. F¥mWv sImSp-Ø-sXt∂m F¥mWv FSp-Ø-sXt∂mF¥mWv hmbn-te-°n-´-sXt∂m H∂pw Adn-bp-∂n-√. Idn-h®vIdnIsfm-s°-°q´n tNmdp-Æp-∂p-≠v. B tNmsd-SpØv Dcp´n Ign-°p-tºmƒ B tNmdns‚ D≈n¬ Ccn-°p∂ Idn-bpsS cpNn-sbm∂pw ap-°-dn-bn-√. Fs¥ms° C´n-´mWv Idnbp≠m-°n-bn-cn-°p-∂-sX-∂v ap°dnbn√. Ign°ptºmƒ ΩpsS a v cpNnAp-h-`hn-°p-∂n-√. a v thsd Fhn-sS-sb-¶n-ep-sams° Bbn-cn-°pw. a v ]m™p-sIm-≠n-cn-°p-Ibm-Wv. bm{¥nIambn Ωƒ -`£Ww hngp-ßp-∂p. AXv hmbn-eqsS t]mbn Bam-i-b-Øn-seØn Bamibw nd™v aq°n- e qsS ]pd- Ø p- h - c p- t ºmƒndpØpw. A{X Ign-°pw. AXp-h-sc-bmWv Ω-fpsS `£-W-Øns‚ Af-hv. At∏mƒ F¥mWv Ign-®-sXt∂m F{Xam{XwIgn-s®t∂m Hcp n›-b-hp-ap-≠m-In-√. CXv `£-W-Øns‚ Imcy-Øn¬ am{X-a-√, F√m Imcy-Ønepw Cß-s-bm-Wv. bm{¥n-IXΩsf bn°p∂p. AXp-sIm≠v tcmbn h∂n-SpI F∂p ]d-™m¬ CXmWvtcmbn h∂n-Sp-∂-Xv. Ω-fpsS Ah-t_m[w F√m I¿Ω-ß-fnepw {]Im-in-®p-n¬°p-∂-XmWv tcp`hw. thdm-cp-an√ KXn. 121
  • 122. thsd Hcp-XcØn-ep≈ am¿Khpw KXnbpw Fn-°dn-™p-Iq-Sm. - - -CXp-X-s∂-bmWv hgn. Pn am{XamWv Fn°v B{ibw.Bflmp`hsØ°pdn®p ]d-bp-tºmƒ Hcp a™p-Xp≈n IS-en- -te°v hogp-∂XntmSv Bflm-p-`hsØ D]-an-°m-sa∂v Ejn-am¿ - -]d-bp-∂p-≠v. ]t£, Aß-s-bm-bn-cn-°n√ ssZhm-p-{Klw Ωn-te°p hcp-∂Xv. Hcp kmKcw ΩpsS D≈n-te°v Cd-ßn-h∂m¬ - -ap-°Xv Xmßm≥ ]‰p-Ibn-√. Nne-t∏mƒ Aßs kw`-hn-°m-dp- -≠v. Hcp kmKcw Ωn-te°p h∂p nd-bpw. tcmbn h∂n-SpIF∂p ]d-™m¬ Cuiz-c≥ tsc h∂v ΩpsS A¥-cm-flm-hns‚ ]q¿Æ-Xbmbn hncnbpI F∂mWv. BZy-sams° ssZh-Øns‚ Ap-`hw £Wn-Iam-bn-´m-bn-cn-°pw D≠m-bn-cn-°p-I. Hcp -smSnbn¬ D≈w apgp-hpw ssZhm-p-`hw nd-bpw. ASpØ smSn-bn¬ AXv ]mb¬aq-Snb IpfØnse∂t]mse ad™pt]mIpw.]ns∂ AXv D≠m-bn-cn-°n-√. F∂m¬ ho≠pw ΩpsS D≈n¬Aß-s-sbmcp Atz-jWw D≠m-bn-cn-°pw. tcmbn h∂n-SpIF∂p ]d-bp-tºmƒ Cuiz-c≥ tcmbn hcp-tºmƒ mw AIwXpd∂p sImSp°Ww. kzm¿∞XbpsS sI´pIƒ AdpØpIfbWw. Hcn-°¬ Hcp sIm®p-Ip-Sn-en¬ hfsc km[m-cW°m-cmb Hcmfpw - - --`mcybpw Pohn-®n-cp-∂p. cmhnse Abmƒ tPmen°p t]mbm¬]ns∂sshInt´ hcn-Ibp-≈q. Hcp Znhkw At±lw Hcp tem´dn Sn°s‰Sp- -Øp. tem´-dn-bpsS kΩmw qdp-tImSn cq]-bm-W.v ]nt‰∂v Abmƒ]Wn-°p-t]mb ka-bØv `mcy ]{X-sa-SpØv tem´-dn- Sn-°‰ns‚ ^ew -tm°n. At∏mƒ Xs‚ `¿Øm-sh-SpØ Sn°-‰nv qdptImSn cq]H∂mw kΩmw ASn-®n-cn-°p-∂p. `mcy°p kln-°m≥ Ign-™n-√.Xmßm-hp-∂Xnepw A[n-IamWv Cu XpI. At∏mƒ `mcy DS-Sn - -ASpØ ]≈n-bnse A®-tmSv hnhcw ]d-™p. A®nXp tI´-t∏mƒ henb BÀmZambn. `mcy ]d-™p: “At®m At±-lØnv -C{Xbpw ]Ww tem´dn ASn®p F∂p ]d-bp-tºmƒ AsXmcptjm°m-hm≥ CS-bp-≠.v AXp-sIm≠v A®-≥ Cu hnhcw A]-ISwhcmØ coXn-bn¬ t_m[n-∏n-°Ww.” qdp-cq] H‰-bSn°v In´mØ Hcmƒ°v qdp-tImSn In´pI F∂p -h®m¬ Xmßm≥ ]‰p∂ Imcy-a-√. Nne-t∏mƒ acn-®p-t]m-Imw.At∏mƒ A—≥ ]d-™p: “hnj-an-°m-Xn-cn-°v. RmXv Fß-s-sb-¶nepw ]d™v t_m[y-s∏-Sp-Øm-w.” sshIn´v tPmen-I-gn™vh∂- t ∏mƒ A®≥h∂p At±- l - t ØmSv ]Xps° tNmZn®p: 122
  • 123. “tPmk-t^, n°v Hcp qdp-tImSn cq] tem´-dn-b-Sn-°p-I-bm-sW-¶n¬ o Fn°v F{X Xcpw, tPmkt^.” At∏mƒ At±lw]d™p: “A®-n-ßs Fs∂ tamln-∏n-°-cpXv.” “In´p-Ibm-sW-¶n¬ o Fn°v F{X Xcpw.” A®≥ Du∂n -tNmZn®p. At∏mƒ tPmk^v ]d™p: “A®v Rm-Xns‚ ]IpXnXcm-w.” DS-Sn A®≥ neØp aq¿—n®phoWp acn-®p. Fs¥∂m¬A®-dn-bm-am-bn-cp∂p Aº-Xp-tImSn Xn°p In´p-sa-∂v. A®Xp -Xmßmhp∂Xmbncp∂n√. CXp-t]m-se-bmWv ssZhw ΩpsS ASp-tØ°p hcp-tºmƒΩƒ IÆ-S-®p-I-f-bpw. ssZhw tcn´p hcp-tºmƒ B¿°pwXmßm≥ Ign-bp-Ibn-√. F√m-hcpw ]≈n-bn-¬ t]mbn {InkvXp- - -hns {]m¿∞n-°m-dp-≠.v t£{X-Øn¬ t]mbn IrjvWs {]m¿∞n-°m-dp-≠.v F∂m¬ tbip ΩpsS ASp-tØ°p h∂mtem? IrjvW≥h∂mtem? Ωƒ HmSn-°fbpw. {]m¿∞n-°pI F∂-√msX Cu - -Ap-`hw ΩpsS ASp-tØ°p hcp-tºmƒ ap-°Xp Xmßm≥]‰p-Ibn-√. AXp-sIm≠v Cuizmcmp-`hsØ G‰phmßmmbn mw - - -]mIs∏tS≠Xp≠v. AXnmbn DW¿∂n-cn-°-Ww. Ap-`hwFt∏m-gmWv kw`-hn-°pI F∂p ]d-bm≥ Ign-bn-√. 123
  • 124. A©v taemb aqeaXnbmemhrXw Pn! o emkyamSnhnSpao IoemehmbvhetImemlew `ph˛ amem]am{XaJnew ImemZnbmb arZpqemse søpsamcp eoem]Sw `hXnsabv˛ taemsI aqSpaXnmemcpap≈Xdn˛ hoemKam¥netb!BKam¥netb ˛ thZ߃s°√mw Ccn∏nSamb thZm¥ambn hnfßp∂htftaemb ˛ ]caambaqeaXnbm¬ ˛ B[mcssNXyØm¬BhrXw ˛ k¿hhpw nd™ncn°p∂p.Pn ˛ hnizØns‚ AtΩ,o emkyw BSn hnSpw ˛ ns‚ emkyrØØn¬n∂pw DXn¿∂phcp∂Ioeme˛hmbv˛Ae ˛ Pew, hmbp, A·n F∂nhbpsStImemlew `phw ˛ IqSn°pgbemWv {]]©w.AJnew ˛ Cu apgph≥ {]]©hpwBem]am{Xw ˛ i_vZPmew am{XamWv.ImemZnbmb ˛ Imew, tZiw XpSßnbarZpqemse ˛ tcnb qepIsfsøpw ˛ DuSpw ]mhpam°n sbvsXSpØeoem]Sw ˛ sΩ tamln∏n°p∂, I_fn∏n°p∂ IfnthjwsIm≠v`hXn ˛ `hXnbpsSsabv taemsI aqSpw ˛ icocw apgphpw s]mXn™ncn°p∂p.AXnm¬ Bcpw ˛ ns‚ DSbmSI≠v tamlnXcmbXp sIm≠v BcpwXs∂D≈Xdnhoe ˛ ns‚ icnbmb D◊ Adnbp∂n√. 124
  • 125. ImetZißfpsS tcnb DSbmS B Kaw F∂m¬ thZw. thZ-Øns‚ A¥w thZm-¥w. BK-am¥w F∂m¬ thZm-¥w. thZm-¥-Øns‚ netb ˛ thZm-¥-Ønv Ccn-∏n-S-am-b-htf. ⁄mkzcq]nWn F∂¿∞w. thZm-¥-Øns‚ Ccn-∏n-S-amWv Pn. thZw AdnhmWv. km[m-cWPohn-X-Øn¬ Ωƒ Adn-bp∂ Adn-hp-Iƒs°ms° Hc-¥-ap-≠v,Ah-km--ap-≠v. PnbnemWv mmIo¿Wßfmb AdnhpIƒHSpßp∂Xpw GIo`hn°p∂Xpw. AXpsIm≠v Pn°v BKam¥neb F∂ t]¿ XnI®pw Az¿∞wXs∂. Hs∂m-∂m-sb-Æn-sbÆn sXms´Æpw s]mcp-sfm-Sp-ßn-bm¬n∂nSpw Zr-°p-t]m-ep≈w n∂n¬ Akv]-µ-am-I-Ww, F∂p KpcpssZh-Z-iIw F∂ {]m¿∞--bn-eqsS ap°p ]d-™pX-cp-∂p.Hs∂m-∂m-sb-Æn-sbÆn sXms´Æpw s]mcpƒ. ImWm-hp-∂XpwtIƒ°m-hp-∂Xpw aW-°m-hp-∂Xpw sXmSmhp-∂-Xp-amb Ap-`-h-߃ Iptd-°mew Ap-`-hn-°p-tºmƒ CXp-sIm-s≠m∂pw Pohn-X-Ønv Hcp ]q¿ÆX In´p-∂n-√t√m F∂p tXm∂p∂ Hcpthfbp≠v. AXv thZm¥Øns‚ BZym¶pcamWv. At∏mƒAIs∏mcpƒ kzbw sXfnbpw. FÆpI F∂m¬ Ap-`-hn-°pIF∂m-Wv. F¥p-`-hn-®mepw Iptd Ign-bp-tºmƒ ap-°-Xn-tmSphnc‡n hcpw. At∏m-gmWv s]mcpƒ HSp-ßp-∂-Xv. n∂nSpw Zr°p-t]m-ep≈w ˛ Cu Ap-`hn-®p-sIm-≠n-cn-°p∂ Ap- -t`m-‡mhv hnj-bßfn¬ Atz-jWw achn∏n°pw. aXn F∂p ]d- - -bpw. hy¿∞{]bmWw ndpØpw. Iptd-°m-eambn Rm≥ Cu euIn- -I-kp-Jßfp-ambn Pohn-°p-∂p. {io_p-≤≥ sIm´mcw hn´ndßbXp - -t]mep≈ Hcp-n-anjw ΩpsS Pohn-XØnepw ht∂-°mw. n∂n¬ -A-k]µam-IWw. Ap-t`m-‡m-hm-bn-cn-°p∂ Rm≥, F√m-‰n-tbpw v - - -FÆn-s°m-≠n-cn-°p∂ Rm≥ ssZh-Øn¬ Akv]µam-IWw. kv]µ- - - --ßf‰p ebn®v H∂m-bn-Øo-c-Ww. - 125
  • 126. AXp-X-s∂-bmWv ChnsS ]d-bp-∂ BK-am-¥-n-e. BK-a-Øns‚ A¥-am-bn-cn-°p-∂ Ahÿ. thZ-Øns‚ A¥-am-bn-cn-°p-∂Xv thZm-¥w. thZm¥w ]c-am-flm-hn-ep≈ Ap-`q-Xn-bm-Wv. AXp Pohs‚ bm{Xm¥yhpamWv. BK-am-¥hpw CXp-X-s∂.BKaw F∂Xv Iptd-°qSn {]mssKz-Zn-Ihn⁄mobØn¬ D]-tbm-Kn-°p∂ Hcp ]Z-am-Wv. taemb aqe-a-Xn-bm¬ Bhr-Xw. aqe-aXn F∂p ]d-™m¬tcsØ ]d™ thcmb n≥I-g¬. B thcp-X-s∂-bmWvChnSsØ aqew. aqew F∂ ]ZØnv BZnaambXv F∂A¿∞w tbmPn°p∂p≠v. aqe-am-b t_m[-am-bn-cn-°p-∂htf. aXn - -t_m[amWv. B aqe-aXn-bm¬ BhrXw P-n. B aqe-aXn-sIm- - -≠mWv (cosmic intelligence) AΩ- b psS AIhpw ]pdhpwnd™ncn°p-∂Xv. o emky-amSn hnSpw ˛ Aß-s-bp≈ PK-Zw- -_-bpsS emky-SamWv {]]©w. Cu {]]©w BI¿jWo - - -bamb Hcp emky-r-Øam-Wv. - rØ-Øns‚ c≠p hI-t`-Z-ßsf°pdn®v mSy-im-kv{X-Øn¬`c-X-apn ]d-bp-∂p-≠v. H∂v XmWvU-hw. thsdm∂v emkyw.emkyw kvss{XW-am-bn-cn-°p∂ Bhn-jvIm-chpw XmWvUhw]ucp-j-am-bn-cn-°p∂ Bhn-jvIm-c-hp-am-Wv. XmWvUhw inh-t‚-Xm-sW-¶n¬ emkyw tZhnbp-tS-Xm-Wv. Cu {]]©Øns‚ cNhniz-P--n-bpsS rØ-Øn-emWv kw`-hn-°p-∂-Xv. inh-Xm-WvU-h-Øn¬ CsX√mw HSp-ßn-t∏m-Ip-∂p. XmWvUhw F√m-‰n-tbpwAh-km-n-∏n-°p-tºmƒ emkyw F√m-‰n-tbpw Pn∏n°p∂p.krjvSnssh`hØns‚ c≠p ]pd-ß-fm-Wn-sX-√mw. emkyw {]]-©sØ krjvSn®v ne-n¿Øp-tºmƒ XmWvUhw AXns]q¿Æ- a mbn ]n≥h- e n- ° p∂p. emkyw ΩpsS D≈n¬BI¿jWw D≠m°p-∂p. XmWvUhw tZzjsØ D≠m-°p-∂p.XmWv U hw sshcm- K ysØ D≠m- ° p- ∂ p. emkyw cmKsØD±o]vXam°p∂p. ap-jys‚ D≈n¬Xs∂ Cu c≠p `mh-ßfpwIpSnsIm≈p∂p≠v . ap°v ]cn- N n- X - a m- b tamln- n- b m´wt]mep≈ rØ-ß-fn-sems° emky-Ønv hfsc {]m[m-y-ap-≠v. hfsc kvss{XW-am-bn-cn-°p∂ emky-`m-hØn¬ hiyX IqSp- -X-em-bn-cn-°pw. {]]©w Ωsf AXn-te°v hio-I-cn-°p-I-bm-Wv. tZhn-bpsS rØw sΩ BI¿jn-®p-sIm-≠n-cn-°p-∂p. Cuim- 126
  • 127. hm-tkym-]n-jØv atm⁄amb BXy¥nI kXy-sØ-∏‰n ]d- -bp- ∂ Xv kz¿Æ- s ®- ∏ p- s Im≠v aqSn- b n- c n- ° p- I - b mWv kXywF∂mWv. {]]©w Hcp kz¿Æ-s®-∏m-sW-¶n¬ AXns‚ D≈n-emWv kXyw Ccn-°p-∂-Xv. “lnc-◊-tb ]mt{XW kXykym`n-lnXw apJw XØzw ]qj-∂-]m-hrWp kXy-[¿Ωmb ZrjvStb.”mcm-b-W-Kpcp AXns X¿÷a sNbvXncn-°p-∂-Xv˛ “aqS-s∏-Sp∂p s]m≥]m{Xw sIm≠p kXy-a-Xn≥apJw Xpd-°p-IXp o ]qj≥ kXy-[¿Ω∂p ImWp-hm≥.” kwkvIrXhpw aebmfhpw c≠pw atm-lcw. kz¿Æw-sIm≠v -kXysØ aqSn-h®p-Ign-™m¬ Bcpw-Xs∂ kz¿Æ-Øn-∏p-dtØ°v - - - -kXysØ Atz-jn-®p-t]m-hp-Ibn-√. F√m-hcp-tSbpw Atz-jWw - -kz¿Æw-hsc- am{Xta D≠m-bn-cn-°p-Ibp-≈q. kz¿Æam-Wt√m C∂p - -ap-jys BI¿jn-°p∂ G‰hpw henb [-am-bn euIn-I_p- -≤n-bp≈ Hcmƒ IcpXp∂Xv. AXp-sIm≠v {iocm-aIr-jW]calw- - v - - - -k¿ ]d-bp-∂Xv c≠p Imcy-߃ Ah-km-n-®m¬ Pohn-XØn¬ -ap‡n D≠mIpw F∂m-Wv. H∂v Iman-n. thsdm∂v Im©-w.Im©w F∂p ]d-™m¬ kz¿Æw. AXp-t]mse ChnsS ImannF∂p ]d-bp-∂Xv IqSp-Xepw ]pcp-j`m-htØmSv tN¿ØmWv. kv{Xo`m- - -h-Øn¬ AXv ]pcp-jtm-Sp≈ Bk‡nbpw ]pcp-j`mh-Øn¬ AXv -kv{Xotbm-Sp-≈ Bk‡nbpambn FSp-t°-≠-Xp-≠v. Iman-nBk‡n F∂-Xns‚ {]XoImflI kw⁄bmWv. Iman-o-Im-©w t]mbm¬ ap‡n D≠mbn. kz¿Æ∏m{XwsIm≠v kXy-Øns‚ apJw aqSn-bn-cn-°p-∂p.A√tbm Bfl-kq-cy-, o AsXm∂p Xpd-∂p-Xcq ˛ Xpd-°p-IXp o -]qj≥. Cu kXy-[¿Ω∂p ImWp-hm≥ sImXn-bp≠v. Cu kXy-[¿Ω≥ AXp ImWp-hm-m-bn-´mWv Pohn-°p-∂X.v Fn-°Xp ImWn- -®p-Xcq. F{X atm-lcam-bn-cn-°p∂ Hcp {]m¿∞-bm-WnXv. c_o- - - -{µ-m-YSm-tKmdns‚ Ihn-X-IfpsS am{¥n-Iam-bn-cn-°p∂ kv]¿iw - - 127
  • 128. hcp-∂Xp-t]mepw D]-n-jØns‚ Cu hiy-h-N- n¬n-∂mWv. - - Io-em-ehmbvhetImemlew `phw. Ioeme F∂m¬ Pew.hmbv ˛ hmbp. A-e≥ ˛ A·n. tImem-lew F∂p ]dbptºmƒ]©- ` q- X - ß sf Hcp- a n- s ®- S pØv a-   n- e m- ° - W w. ]c- k v ] cwAtßm´pw Ctßm´pw tbmPn®pw A√m-tXbpw amdn-s°m-≠n-cn-°p-∂XmWXv. ]eXpw tN¿∂v ]e coXn-bn¬ tafn®v ]e cq]-߃D≠mbn ]e `mh-ßfn¬ ne-n∂v ]e Ahÿbn¬ in-®p-t]m- -Ip-∂p. Cu {]]©w F∂p ]d-bp-∂Xv ]©-`q-XßfpsS tImem-l- - -e-am-W.v F{X ck-Icam-bn-´mWv ]d-bp∂sX∂p tm°q ˛ Ioem-e- - - --hm-bvh-etIm-em-lew `phw. - Cu tImem-l-e-Øn¬ Ωƒ s]Sp-∂-sX-ß-s-bmWv? henbP-°q´w hen-sbmcp {]t£m`w D≠m-°p-I-bm-Wv. B {]t£m-`-Øn-p-≈n-te°v Ωƒ FØn-s∏-´m-esØ Ahÿ H∂mtemNn®ptm°q. ap°v Hcp-X-c-Øn-ep≈ kzÿXbpw AhnsS D≠m-bn-cn-°p-I-bn-√. B {]t£m-`-Øn¬s]´ Hcm-sf-t∏m-se-bmWv Cu{]]-©Øn-p-≈n¬ Ωƒ h∂p s]´p-I-gn-™m¬. ]e tImem- --l-e-ß-fmWv ChnsS Ccn-°p-∂-Xv. B tImem-l-e-ß-fn¬ AXp-thtWm CXp-thtWm Fs∂ms° Nn¥n®v Ωƒ hnj-an°p∂p.CXm-bn-cn°pw √Xv A√ AXm-bn-cn°pw √Xv Fs∂ms°Xnc-s™-Sp-°m≥ Ign-bmØ hn[-Øn¬ H´h[n Imcy-߃{]]©w ChnsS Hcp-°n-h®n-cn-°p-I-bm-Wv. Hcp kZy°v qdp --Idn-Iƒ nß-fpsS ap∂n¬ sIm≠p-h-∂p-h-®m¬ GXp sXm´p-tm-°Ww F∂-dn-bn-√. Hc-©p-]-sØÆw sXm´p-tm-°p-tºm-tg°pw hbdp nd-bpw. Ipsd _m°n hcpw. AXp-sIm≠v GsX-Sp-°Ww F∂p-≈-XmWv {]ivw. ]cn-an-X-am-bn-cn-°p∂ Ω-psShbdpw A]-cn-an-X-am-bn-cn-°p∂ hnj-b-ßfpw ap∂n¬ Ccn-°p-I-bm-Wv. At∏mƒ GsX-Sp-°-W-sa-∂-dn-bmsX F√m-‰nepw ssIbn-´p-hm-cpw. CXmWv ap-jys‚ {]ivw. Hcp ]©£{X tlm´-en¬ t]mbn sap Bhiys∏´m¬hensbmcp ]pkvXIwXs∂ sIm≠pØcpw. AXn¬ apgph≥hn`hßfpsS t]cpIfmWv. AXn¬n∂v F¥p thW-sa∂v Xocp-am-n-°m≥ ]e-t∏mgpw ]e Bfp-Iƒ°pw Ign-bm-dn-√. adn-®p-a-dn®p tm°n AX- h - k m- n- ° m- d m- I p- t ºmƒ Fs¥¶nepwhmßn°gn°pw. Ign®p Ign™m¬ B `£Ww Ignt°≠mbncp∂p 128
  • 129. F∂p tXm∂pw. C{Xbpw hn`hßfn¬n∂pw t]cp]dbm≥t]mepw {]bmkap≈ Hcp hn`hw Xncs™SpØt∏mƒ AXpm°np cpNn°p∂n√. AXp th≠m-bn-cp∂p F∂p tXm∂pw.At∏m-tg°pw hb-dp-n-d-™p Ign™ncn°pw. √ km[w Ign-°mmbncp∂p tlm-´-en¬ Ib-dn-b-Xv. s√mcp km[w Xnsc-s™-Sp-°m≥ Ign-™tX-bn-√. F∂m¬ km[m-cW Hcp tlm´-en¬ Ib-dn-bncp-s∂-¶n¬ √ N∏m-Ønbpw Ipdp-abpw Ign-°m-am-bn-cp-∂p. ]©£{X tlm´en¬ Ib-dn- N∏mØn Ign-°p∂Xvhfsc tami-a-t√. thsd GsX-¶nepw Hcp henb km[--am-bn-cn°pw Ign-°m≥ CjvS-s∏-Sp-I. AXp sIm≠p-h-cp-tºmƒ Ign-°mpw ]‰p-∂n-√. CXp-t]m-se-bmWv km[m-cW P-߃ CutemIØp Pohn-°p-tºmƒ GXp Xnsc-s™-Sp-°-W-sa∂v Adn-bn-√. F√mw Ap-`-hn-°m≥ {ian-°pIbpw F√m-‰nepw Ah¿]cm-P-b-s∏-SpIbpw sNøp∂p. Cßs ]cm-P-b-s∏´p ]cm-P-b-s∏´p S-°p-tºm-gmWv Fhn-sS-sb-¶nepw Hcp k∂ymknbncp∂v {]`m-jWw S-Øp-∂XvtIƒ°p-∂-Xv. At∏mƒ Abmƒ°v tXm∂pw CXp-sIm≈mw, Cuhgn-bmWv CØn-cn-IqSn √-sX-∂v. Aßs AhnsS sN∂n-cn-°p-tºmgpw euIn-I-_p≤n hn´n-cn-°n-√. B≤ymflnIPohnXwkzoIcn®mepw ]gb ioe߃ hn´pt]mcm≥ {]bmkambncn°pw.]gb PohnXØn¬ Fs¥ms° sNbvtXm AXp-Xs∂ ]pXnbPohnXØnepw Bh¿Øn-°pw. Pohn-X-Øn¬ Hcp-am‰w ap-°p-≠m-I-W-sa-¶n¬ IqSp-X¬ Bflm¿∞-am-tI-≠-Xp-≠v. B≤ym-fln-I-⁄mw ap°v icn°pw thtWm F∂XmWv BZysØtNmZyw. Pohn-X-Øn¬ CsXms° shdpw tc-tºmt°m As√-¶n¬ ho´n¬n∂pw amdn-n¬°mtm Hs° FSp-°p∂ HcpHgnIgnhmtWm? F∂m¬ CXn-p]-cn-bm-bn am‰w thWsa∂pBflm¿∞amb B{KltØmsS CXn-s-sbm∂p kao-]n-®p-tm-°q. At∏mƒ CXns‚ ^ew A¤pXmhl-am-bn-cn-°pw. Cu kao-]w henb Hcp am‰-am-bn-cn°pw D≈n¬ D≠m-°p-I. AXv Ioem-e-hm-bvh-e-tIm-em-lew `phw ˛ Cu `phwHcp tImem-l-e-am-Wv. H®bpw _l-fhpw. FhnsS sN∂mepwHcp N¥-∏pc t]mse... Hcp Ieym-W-Øn-p-t]m-bm-epw _l-fw-X-s∂. Hcp ac-W-ho-´n¬t]m-bmepw _l-fw-X-s∂. H∂p ]pd- 129
  • 130. Øn-dßn Hcp _kvÃm‚n¬ t]mbmepw _l-fw-X-s∂. tImem-lew `ph-w. F∂n´p ]d-bp-IbmWv Bem-]am-{X-aJn-ew. FhnsS - - -sN∂mepw Cu i_vZPm-eßfpsS ImXS∏n°p∂ _lfw am{Xw. - - Bem-]-am-{X-a-Jn-ew-. Bem]w F∂m¬ k¶o¿Æamb i_vZPme߃ AXpsIm≠v i_vZ-Øns‚ temI-Øp-n∂pw ΩƒBZyw hnc-an-t°-≠-Xp-≠v. Ipd-®p-Zn-h-k-sa-¶nepw ni-_vZ-X-bn¬ap°v Ccn-bv°m≥ Ign-b-Ww. nß-sfm∂v ]cnioen-®p-tm-°-Ww, Fs∂-¶nepw n߃°-Xnp Ign-bptam F∂v. ni-_vZ-amb Hcp A¥-co-£-Øn¬ BtcmSpw H∂pw kwkm-cn-°msXau- a m- b n Ipd- ® p- t cw Ccp- ∂ p- t m- ° - W w. ]‰ptam F∂p]co£n°Ww. hfsc {]bm-k-ap≈ Imcy-am-Wv. Nne¿°v ni-_vZ-am-hp∂Xv {`m¥v ]nSn-bv°p∂-Xp-t]m-se-bm-Wv. F∂m¬ HcpEjn-bpsS D≈n¬ Cu auw kzm`m-hn-I-am-bn Ccn-°p-∂p≠v.ausØ D≠m-°n-sb-Sp-t°≠ Bh-iy-an-√. auw D≈n¬Xs∂bp≠v. km[m-c-W-°m¿ ausØ au-{h-X-ambn FSp-Øp-I-f-bpw.mep hnVn-Iƒ au-{hXsaSp-°p-hm-mbn t]mb Hcp IY-bp-≠v. auw DØ-a-am-sW∂v Hcp k∂ymkn ]d-bp-∂-Xp-tI-´mWvAh¿ t]mb-Xv. Aßs Ipd-®p-mƒ au-{hXw FSp-°m-sa∂vAh¿ hnNm-cn-®p. BtcmSpw kwkm-cn-°m-Xn-cn-°m-mbn Ah¿hnP- - a mb Hcp ÿe- t Ø°p t]mbn. AhnsS Hcp KplIs≠Øn. B Kpl-bn¬ Ah¿ mep-t]cpw au-{hXw Bcw-`n-®p. aq∂p-amkw au-{hXw FSp°m-sa∂p ]d-™n-´mWv t]mb-Xv. Ipd-®p-k-abw Ign™-t∏mƒ Hcmƒ ASpØncp∂ B-tfmSv]d-™p: “Rm≥ _m¶nse ]mkv_p°v bm{Xbn¬ Fhn-sStbmad∂ph®n-´mWv h∂-sX∂p tXm∂p-∂p.”At∏mƒ c≠m-a≥ ]d™p: “au-{hXw FSp-Øn-cn-°p∂ tcØvo kwkm-cn-°p-∂Xv icn-b-√.”At∏mƒ aq∂m-asØ Bƒ Bflm`namtØmsS ]d™p:“n߃ c≠p-t]cpw kwkm-cn-®p. Rm≥ am{Xw kwkm-cn-®n-√.”mem-asØ Bƒ°nXp kln®n√: “-ssZ-h-ta, Ch-sc-s°m≠vtXm‰p.” mep-t]cpw au-{h-X-Øn-n-cp-∂p-sh-¶nepw Rm≥ au-{h-X- 130
  • 131. Øn- e mWv F∂ Ah- t _m[w Ah¿°p≠mbncp∂n√. HcpAt_m-[-Øn-en-cp-∂mWv CsXms° sNøp-∂-Xv. Ah¿ F¥psNøp-∂p-sh∂v Ah¿ Adn-bp-∂-tX-bn-√. aqVcmb apjysctm°n tbip ]d™ncp∂p: “Ch¿ F¥p sNøp-∂p-sh∂v Ch¿Adnbp∂n-√t√m.” AXp-t]m-se-bmWv Ω-fpw. ]e {]hr-Øn-Iƒ sNøp-tºmgpwΩƒ H∂pw Adn-bp-∂-tX-bn-√. Kpcp ]d-bp-∂Xv, Bem-]-am-{X- a - J new F∂mWv . shdpw H®bpw _l- f hpw am{X- a mWvtemIw. Cu H®bpw _l-fhpw a- n¬n∂pw t]mbm¬am-{X-amWv au-Øn-te°v hcm≥ ]‰p-I-bp-≈q. a- n¬ CuBem]w Ccn-°p-∂n-S-tØmfw Imew au-Øn-te°v hcm≥ Ign-bp-I-bn-√. icn-bm-bn-´p≈ B≤ym-fln-I-]-cn-h¿Øw D≈n¬kw`- h n- ° p- t ºmƒ auw D≈n¬Xs∂ D≠m- b n- c n- ° pw.ausØ Ωƒ krjvSn-s®-Sp-t°-≠p∂ H∂-√. AXv Bflm-hns‚ kl-P-a-m-bn-cn-°p∂ KpW-am-Wv. Kpcp Hcp kqN--bn-eqsSAXnhnsS ]d™p Xcp-∂p. Imem-Zn-bm-b arZp qemse søpsamcp eoem]Sw `hXnsabvtaemsI aqSpw. PK-Zw-_bpsS ico-cØn¬ Hcp hkv{X-ap-≠v. - -B hkv{X-Øns‚ kz`mhw hfsc hyXy-kvX-amWv. tIm´¨kmcnbpw kn¬°v km-cn-bpsams° AWn™p Pohn-°p∂Ωƒ°v tZhn-bpsS ico-c-Øn-en-cn-°p∂ DS-bm-S-bpsS kz`m-h-sØ-°p-dn-®dnbp∂Xv ∂m-bn-cn-°pw. Imew, tZiw F∂ qep- -sIm≠v sbvsX-Sp-Øn-´p≈XmWv tZhnbpsS hkv{Xw. ImewHmXambpw tZiw t{]mXambpw sImcpØpsImcpØmWv DSbmSsbvXncn °p∂Xv. HmXhpw t{]mXhpw F∂p ]d-™m¬ H∂phne-ßs t]mIp-tºmƒ H∂p sSpßs t]mIp-∂p. eoem-]SwIfn-hk{X-am-W.v DSp-Ømepw DSp-sØ∂p tXm∂p-Ibn-√. Nne-t∏mƒ - v -AXp ico-c-Øn¬ Dt≠m F∂pt]mepw kwi-b wtXm∂pw.A{Xbpw arZp-hm-WXv. nß-fnXv `mh sNø-cp-Xv. CXv {]]-©- -Øns‚ DSp- h - k v { X- s Ø- ° p- d n- ® mWv ]d- b p- ∂ - X v . Cu{]]©Ønt‚bpw ΩptSbpw CSbn¬ a ns‚ Hcp Ipcp°vInS°p∂p≠v. Bflm-hnv {]]-©-hp-ambn _‘-s∏-tS-≠n-h-cp-tºmƒ Cu DSp-h-kv{X-Øn-eqsS am{Xta ImWm≥ Ign-bp-I-bp-≈q. Nne ]mh-m-SI߃ Ωƒ ImWm-dp-≠v. hfsc tcnb - - - 131
  • 132. I¿´s‚ ]n∂n¬n-∂mWv ]mhmSIw Ifn-°p-I-bp-≈q. sse‰vB‚ v sjbvUn-emWv Ifn ImWp-∂-Xv. AXp-t]m-se- ChnsSBflm-hnv {]Xy£ambn tZhn-bpsS BImchntijßsfImWm≥ Ign-bp-I-bn-√. AXn-n-S-bn¬ amb n¿Ωn-®n-´p≈ Hcpeoem-]-Sap≠v. ambm-]Sw F∂pw ]d-bpw. Hcp I¨sI-´p-t]mseDs≠∂pw Cs√∂pw ]d-bm-hp∂ hkv{X-amWv eoem-]-Sw. tZhnDSp-Øn-´pt≠m F∂p tNmZn®m¬ DSpØn´p≠v. DSp-Øn-´nt√ F∂ptNmZn®m¬ DSpØn´n√. Cu {`a߃ ap°p kw`-hn-°pw. Cuhkv{Xw n¿Ωn-®n-´p-≈Xv ImewsIm≠pw tZiw sIm≠pamWv.B[p-n-I-im-kv{X-Ønse c≠p kw⁄-I-fmWv Imehpw tZi-hpw (time and space). sF≥Ão≥ Cu {]]- © - Ø nv Ime˛tZiw (time-space)F∂mWv ]d- b p- I . Ime- t Ziw F∂Xv {]]- © Øns‚imkv{X`mjbmWv. sF≥Ão-mWv {]]-©Ønv NXp¿am-Xzw -sIm≠p-h-∂-Xv. AXn¬ tZi-Ønv Hcp hkvXp-hns‚ aq∂pamßsf n¿Æbn-°m≥ Ign-bpw. Ime-Ønv Hcp am-tØ-bpw.Hcp DZm-lcWw ]d-bp-Ibm-sW-¶n¬ Cu Ccn-°p∂ taibv°v - -of-ap-≠v, hoXn-bp-≠v, Db-cap-≠v. ofw, hoXn, Dbcw CXmWv -Hcp hkvXp-hns‚ aq∂p am߃. AXp tZi-hp-ambn _‘-s∏-´p-In-S°p-∂Xm-Wv. Cu taisb Fn°v Fhn-sS th-Wsa-¶nepw - - - -o°n hbv°mw. CXp Ne-hp-ambn _‘s∏´Xm-Wv. New Ime- -Øns‚ amam-Wv. FhnsS Ime-apt≠m AhnsS Ne-ap≠v.FhnsS tZi-apt≠m AhnsS ]Zm¿∞ap-≠v. Cßs c≠p Imcy-ßsf FSp-Øp-sIm-≠mWv Kpcp imkv{X-Øns‚ `mj-bn¬ kwkm-cn-°p-∂-Xv. Imem-Zn-bmb arZp-q-emse søp-samcp eoem]Sw`hXnsabv taemsI aqSpw ˛ Imew, tZiw F∂ c≠p qep-IƒsIm-≠v sa-™p-≠m-°nb hkv{Xw-sIm≠v tZhn AWn-™n-cn-°p-Ibm-Wv. Cu eoem-]Sw sabvta-emsI aqSn-bm¬ F¥mWvkw`-hn-°p-∂Xv? AXn-m¬ Bcpw D≈Xv Adn-ho-e. Bcpw kXywAdn-bp-Ibn-√. Ime-tZ-iw-sIm≠v DS-bmS Nm¿Øn-bXp-sIm≠v P- - -n-bpsS kzcq]w ImWm≥ Ign-bp-∂n-√. AXm-Wn-hnsS kw`-hn-®n-cn-°p-∂-Xv. Imehpw tZihpw AssZz- X - t h- Z m- ¥ - Ø n¬ mahpwcq]hpamWv. k¿∆hym-]n-bm-b tZhn-bpsS DS-bmS ImcWw 132
  • 133. kzbta hnNm-cn-°p∂p Rm≥ Cu tIcf°mc≥ As√-¶n¬C¥y°mc≥ Fs∂ms°. Ωƒ tZikØsb ΩpsShy‡nXzØnte°v kzbw kw{Ian∏n°pIbmWv. tZiw F∂DS-bmS tZhn Nm¿Øn-bn-cn-°p-∂-Xp-sIm-≠v tZi-Øns‚ ]cn-anXnap-°p-≠m-Ipw. Cu auVyØn¬n∂mWv mw ]d-bp-∂Xv Rm≥C∂ A—s‚ aI≥ C∂ PmXn-°m-c≥ Fs∂m-s°. ΩpsSImgvN Cu Npcpßnb hnkvXm-c-Øn--∏p-d-tØ°v t]mIp-∂n-√.Cu icochpw tZi-Øns‚ ]cn-an-Xn-bm-Wv. Rm≥ Cu ico-c-am-sW∂v hnNm-cn-°p-tºmƒ Cu ico-c-Ønv ChnsS Ccn-°p∂ka-bØv thsdm-cn-SØv Ccn-°p-hm≥ ]‰p-∂n-√. F¥p-sIm-≠m-WXv? Cu ico-camWv Rm≥ F∂p Icp-Xp-tºmƒ Fn°v ChnsS -am{Xta Ccn-°m≥ Ign-bp-I-bp-≈q. Fs‚ ico-c-Ønv C{XbpwtZi-]-cn-an-Xamb hym]vXn-tbbp-≈q. AXp-sIm≠v Fs‚ hy‡nXzw F∂pw ]cn-an-Xs∏-´n-cn-°p-I- -bm-Wv. tZhn-bpsS DS-bm-SbmWv CXnp ImcWw. Cn Ime-Øns‚ -DS-bmS Fß-s-bm-Wv. Hm, Fnbv°v hb- n-{X-sbm-s°-bm-bn.Cn Ipd-®pImewIqSn am{X-amWv Fn°v Pohn-°m≥ Ign-bp-Ibp- -≈q, Fs∂ms° KWn®v Hcp m¬]tXm AºtXm Adp-]tXmhb- p≈ hy‡n-Xzap≈ Hcp-hmbn Ωƒ Npcp-ßp-∂p. Am- -Zn-bm-b Hcp kØ-bm-bn-cn-t°-≠p∂ mw Adp-]Xp hb p-hsc - - - -Pohn-°p∂ hy‡n-Xz-am-bn Npcp-ßp-tºmƒ Ime-Øn-t‚-Xm-bn-´p≈DS-bmS ΩpsS a- n¬ hoWp-Ign-™p. At∏mƒ mw X-s∂- -bmWv ΩpsSbp≈n¬ Ime-Øn-t‚bpw tZi-Øn-t‚bpw DS-bm-S-sIm≠v kzcq-]sØ adbv°p-∂Xv. Bflmhv A-iz-cam-sW∂p - -]d-bp-tºmgpw mw kzbw ]d-bp-∂p: “C√ Fn-s°mcp Fgp-]Xp--h-b v. AXn¬°q-Sp-Xsem∂pw Rm≥ t]mIn√.” Ωƒ kzbw - -sh´n-®p-cp-°p-IbmWp sNøp-∂Xv. CXv Kpcp FSp-Øp-]dbp-∂p. - - - - AXnm¬ Bcpw D≈-X-dn-ho-e. Bcpw kXysØ Adn-bp-∂n-√. Rm≥ ico-c-am-sW∂p hnNm-cn-°p-tºmƒ Rm≥ k¿∆-hym-]nbmb Bflm-hm-sW-∂p≈ Adnhv ntj-[n-°-s∏-Sp-∂p.kXysØ Ωƒ Adn-bp-∂n-√. Rm≥ A-iz-c-m-sW∂pw nXy-m-sW∂pw Adn-tb-≠p-∂-Xn-p-]-Icw £Wn-I-am-bn-cn-°p∂Aev]-Imew Pohn-®n-cn-°p∂ Hcp Poh≥ am{X-am-sW∂p [cn®vhi-K-cm-Ip-∂Xpsa√mw D≈-X-dn-bm-Ø-Xp-sIm-≠p≈ tZmj-am-Wv. 133
  • 134. BK-am-¥-n-etb˛thZm-¥-Ønv ne-b--am-bn-´p-≈-h-tf. PK-Zw-_-bpsS k¿∆-hym-]-I-Xsb ]d-bm-m-bn {iocm-a-Ir-jvW-]-c-a-lw-k¿ Hcp IY ]d-™p-sIm-Sp-°p-∂p-≠v. Hcn-°¬ Hcmƒ ]c-a-l-wk-tcmSp tNmZn®p: “Aßv Hcp Krl-ÿ-m-bn Pohn-°p-∂Xn-p-]Icw F¥p-sIm-≠mWv AXn¬n∂pw - -amdn- k∂ym-kn-bmbn Xm-a-kn-°p-∂Xv? ” At∏mƒ ]c-a-lw-k¿Hcp IY ]d™p. Hcn-°¬ kp{_-“-Wy≥ Ip™m-bn-cp∂ ka-bØv Hcp ]q® Ipam-cs‚ ASp-Øp-IqsS t]mbn. At∏mƒ Im¿Øn-tI-b≥ AXns‚ apJ-sØm∂p am¥n apdn-th¬∏n-®p. ho´n¬h∂-t∏mƒ ]m¿∆-Xn-bpsS apJ-sØmcp ]mSv. At∏mƒ kp{_-“-Wy≥ tNmZn®p: “AtΩ AΩ-bpsS apJ-sØ¥m Hcp ]mSv.”At∏mƒ AΩ ]d™p: “CXv ns‚ ]Wn-b-t√. obt√ Fs‚apJØv am¥n-b-Xv?” “AtΩ, Rm≥ AΩsb am¥n-bn-´n-√t√m AtΩ.” “o Hcp ]q®-bpsS apJØv am¥ntbm?” “am¥n AtΩ. AXv AΩ-bpsS apJØv Fß-s-bmWv hcp-∂Xv?” At∏mƒ ]m¿∆Xn ]d™p: “o Hcp ]q®-bpsS apJØpam¥n-bmepw F¥ns‚ apJØv am¥n-bmepw AXv F∂n¬Ø-s∂-bt√ sIm≈p-∂-Xv. F√mw Rm≥ X-s∂-bm-bn-cn-°p-tºmƒo F¥p sNbvXmepw AXv F∂n-emWv sIm≈p-I.” At∏m-gmWv kp{_-“-Wyp a- n-em-bXv AΩ k¿∆-hym-]-I-X-bp≈ kXy-am-sW-∂v. At∏mƒ kp{_-“-Wy≥ Xocp-am-n®p:“Cn Rm≥ IeymWw Ign-°n-√. ImcWw IeymWw Ign-°p-∂Xv AΩsb Bhp-I-bn-t√. IeymWw Ign-®m¬ AΩsbIeymWw Ign-®-Xnp Xpey-am-Ipw. AXp-sIm≠v Rm≥ {_“-Nm-cn-bm-hpIbmWv.” CXneqsS F¥mWv Dt±-in-°p-∂Xv? Ωƒ F¥v {]hr-Øn-Iƒ sNbvXmepw B {]hr-Øn-bp-sS-sbms° A-¥-c^ew Cuapgp-h≥ hniz-Øn-t‚bpw AΩ-bm-bn-cn-°p∂ P-n-bn¬ Xs∂-bmWv kw`-hn-°p-∂sX∂mWv. Ωƒ ChnsS sNøp∂ imkv{Xo-b-am-bn-cn-°p-∂Xpw kmt¶-Xn-I-am-bn-cn-°p-∂Xpw Bb hnI-k--{]-h¿Ø--ß-sfms° Cu PK-Zw-_sb £X-s∏-Sp-Øn-s°m-≠n-cn-°p-∂ XcØnep≈XmWv. B[p-n-I-im-kv{X-Øns‚ hnImkw 134
  • 135. D≠mIptºmgpw BW- h - t _mw- _ ns‚ hnImkw hnImkwD≠mIptºmgpw Irjn-bn-S-ß-fn¬ Bfp-Iƒ Irjn sNøp-∂-X-p-th≠n cmk-h-f-ßfpw IoS-m-in-n-Ifpw D]-tbm-Kn-°p-tºmgpwCu K-c-ß-fnse sI´n-S-k-ap-®-b-߃ _rl-Ømb coXn-bn¬D≠m-°p-tºmgpw ae-Iƒ FSpØv Zn-Isf nI-Øp-tºmgpw `qanIpgn®v K¿Ø߃ D≠m°p-tºmgpw Cu PK-Zw-_-bpsS h£- n¬ Xo¿°p∂ £X-ß-fm-sW∂v Ωƒ Adn-bm-dn-√. CsX√mwPo hcXv aRvPcn hmbn-°p-tºmƒ mw Xncn-®-dnbWw. 135
  • 136. Bdv aom-bXpw `hXn amm-bXpw Pn o mKhpw K-JKw˛ Xmm-bXpw [c--Zo-m-cnbpw cp˛ am mIhpw c-Ihpw o ma-cq-]-a-Xn¬ mm-hn-[-{]-IrXn˛ ammbn n∂-dn-bpao Rmm-bXpw `hXn tl mZ-cq-]nWnb˛ tlm! mSIw nJn-e-hpw.aom-bXpw `hXn ˛ Pe-Po-hn-bmb a’yw hniz-P--n-X-s∂.amm-bXpw Pn ˛ Im--Po-hn-bmb ampw AΩ-X-s∂.o mKhpw ˛ AΩ-X-s∂-bmWv ]mºm-bn-cn-°p-∂XvK-JKw Xmm-bXpw ˛ ]¿∆-Xam-bn-cn-°p-∂Xpw - ]dh-bm-bn-cn-°p-∂Xpw[cZo ˛ `qan-bm-bn-cn-°p-∂Xpw AΩXs∂. Zn-bm-bn-cn-°p-∂Xpw AΩ-X-s∂.mcnbpw cpw ˛ kv{Xobpw ]pcp-jpw AΩ-Xs∂B mIhpw c-Ihpw ˛ kz¿Khpw c-Ihpw AΩ-X-s∂.o ma-cq]w ˛ t]cpw {]Xn-`bpw AΩ-X-s∂.AXn¬ ˛ B ma-cq-]-ß-fp-ambn XmZm-fly-s∏´mm-hn-[-{]-IrXn ˛ Poh-mbn {]]-©sØ Adn-bp∂ammbn n∂-dnbpwCu RmmbXpw `hXn ˛ Cu ‘Rmpw’ AΩ-b-√msX a‰m-cp-an-√.Atlm! ˛ alm-¤pXw!mSIw nJn-ehpw. ˛ F√mw Hcp mS-Iw-X-s∂. 136
  • 137. {]IrXnbnse ssZhkm∂n≤yw Po h-c-Xv-a-RvP-cn-bpsS Bdm-asØ t«mI-amWvChnsS a--Øn-mbn FSp-°p-∂-Xv. Cuiz-cs‚ k¿∆hym-]-I-XbmWv (all- pervasivness) Cu t«mI-Øn¬ Kpcp {]Xn]mZn°p∂Xv.ap°p Np‰pw ΩpsS D≈nepw F√m-bn-SØpw Cuiz-c≥ k∂n-[mw sNøp-∂p. ImWp∂ hkvXp-°-fnepw Pohn-I-fnepw hy‡n-I-fnepw Zriy-am-bn´pw AZr-iy-am-bn´pw Hs° Cuiz-c≥ k∂n-[mw sNøp-∂p. Aßs tm°p-tºmƒ H∂n-tbpw ap°vAh-K-Wn-°m≥ ]‰p-I-bn-√. H∂n-tbpw Ah-KWn-°mXncn°p --tºmƒ ΩpsS D≈n¬ t`Z-_p≤n DSseSp°mXncn°p∂p. At`-Z-am-bn-cn-°p∂ _p≤n ⁄m-Øn-t‚-Xm-Wv. AXp-sIm≠v Hcp-X-c- Ø nepw H∂n- t bpw hn`- P n- ° msX Fßs Z¿in- ° m≥Ignbpw? km[m-cW KXn-bn¬ Hmtcm-∂n-tbpw hn`-Pn®v {]m[m-y-ßfpsS ASn-ÿm--Øn¬ CXv C{X {]m[m-y-ap-≈Xv, CXv A{X{]m[m- y- a n- √ m- Ø Xv F∂ coXn- b n¬ ]e- ] e X´p- I - f n¬h®psIm≠mWv a nem°p∂Xv. am{Xa√, ap°p tNcp-∂XvC∂-Xv, tNcm-ØXv C∂Xv F∂ coXn-bn¬ {]nbm-{]n-b-߃°-p-kr-X-am-bn hn`-Pn°pIbpw sNøp∂p. Ω-psS CjvSm-n-jvS-ß-fmWv temIsØ kw_-‘n-®p≈ Adn-hn¬ ap∂n´p n¬°p-∂-Xv. Cu CjvSm-n-jvSßfn¬ Ft∏mgpw {]Xn-^en®p n¬°p∂ - - -Hcp kwKXn ΩpsS Al-¥-bm-Wv (ego). Al-¥°v Al-¥bp-tS-Xm-bn-´p≈ Hcp k¶p-Nn-XXz-ap-≠v. aX- - -Øn-tmSp XmZmflyw {]m]n-®n-´p≈ Al-¥°v thsd aX-Øn-ep≈ Hcmsf ImWp-tºmƒ A{X CjvS-s∏-Sp-I-bn-√. AXmWvAl¥mXmZm-fly-Øn¬ hcp∂ ]niIv. AXp-t]mse kmaq-ln-I-X-e-Ønepw Cßs nc-h-[n-bm-b Al-¥mXmZmflyßfp≠v. 137
  • 138. cmjv{So-bØnepw PmXobX-bnepw Cß-s-bp≈ Al-¥m-Xm-Zm- -fly-ßsf ImWm≥ Ignbpw. kmº-Øn-IXbpsS ASnÿmØnepw - - -Hcp hn`-Pw Ωƒ D≠m-°pw. Rmsmcp ]WvUnXmsW¶n¬ -]WvUn Xmt{Kkc∑mtcmSv Fn°p {]Xn-]Øn D≠m-bn-cn-°p-IbpwA£cw hmbn-°m≥ Adn-bm-Øh-tcmSp hn{]-Xn-]Øn D≠m-bn- -cn-°p-Ibpw sNøpw. Cßs ]e Xc-Ønep≈ hn`m-Ko-bXIƒΩpsS D≈n¬ krjvSn-s®-Sp-°p-∂Xp-sIm≠v Pohn-XsØ ka-{K- -ambn ImWmtm Ap-`hn-°mtm ap°p Ign-bm-dn-√. Ft∏mgpw -hn`mKobXbptS-Xmb Nne IpSp- mb Xe-߃ D≠m-bn-cn-°pw.IpSp- mb Pohn-XØn¬n∂v Xpd- mb Pohn-XØn-te°v B- - -bn-°p∂ Hcp ImgvN∏m-Sns hnI-kn-∏n-s®-Sp-°m≥ th≠n-bmWv -Kpcp ChnsS Cu t«mIw Bhn-jvIcn-®n-cn-°p-∂Xv. - - Atlm! mSIw nJn-e-hpw ˛ PohnXw Hcp mS-I-am-Wv.tjIvkv]n-b-¿ Aß-s-bmWv PohnXsØ°pdn®p ]d-™n-cn-°p-∂-Xv. Hcp hnVn ]d™ IY-t]m-se-bmWv ΩpsS PohnXw F∂v.Ft∏mgpw Ωsf AXp I_-fn-∏n-®p-sIm-≠n-cn-°pw. Pohn-XØns‚ -Hmtcm k‘n-bnepw bmYm¿∞y-tØm-Sp-IqSn Pohn-XsØ kao-]n-®p-sIm-≠n-cn-°p-tºmƒ AXp Ωsf I_-fn-∏n-®p-sIm≠p IS-∂p-t]m-Ip-∂p. mw ]e]e {]Xym-i-I-tfm-Sp-IqSn Pohn-XsØIcp-∏n-Sn-∏n®p sIm≠p-hcp-tºmƒ B {]Xym-isb AXp XI¿Øp- -I-f-bp-∂p. XrjvWI-sfm∂pwXs∂ ]q¿Øo-I-cn-°m≥t]mepwAp-h-Zn-°msX Ωsf Hcp hnVn-bm-°n-s°m≠v PohnXwΩpsS ap∂n-eqsS IS-∂p-t]m-hp-I-bm-Wv. B¿°pw-Xs∂ AXp]nSn-sIm-Sp-°p-∂n-√. hfsc kvnKv[-am-b Hc-h-ÿ-bp≈ AXns]nSn-°m≥ {ian-°p-tºmƒ AXv ssIbn¬n∂pw hgpXn-t∏m-Ip-∂p. A{Xbpw ]nSn-X-cmØ Hcp {]tl-fn-I-bmWv Pohn-Xw. Pohn-X-sØ-°p-dn®v hymJym--߃ F{X-Xs∂ ¬In-bmepwF{X-Xs∂ n¿h-N-߃ sImSp-Ømepw B PohnXw Ω-n¬n∂v Aev]w amdnbmWv n¬°p-∂-Xv. PohnXw Fs∂∂pw ap-jyv IpXq-l-eX D≠m-°p-∂p. C{Xmƒ Pohn-®n´pw PohnXwC{X-tb-bp≈q F∂p Xo¿Øp ]d-bm-Xn-cn-°m≥ Ign-bp-∂Xv AXp-sIm-≠m-Wv. Ft∏mgpw AXns‚ Bgw h¿≤n-®p-sIm-≠n-cn-°p-I-bm-Wv. Hcp Znhkw Pohn-®-Xp-t]m-se-b√ ASpØ ZnhkwPohnXw ΩpsS ap∂n-te°p hcp-∂-Xv. AXnSpØ Znhkw 138
  • 139. thsd {]Xn-k‘n AXp ΩpsS ap∂n¬ D≠m-°p-∂p. thsdm-cp-Xcw hy-amb Ap-`hsØ AXp krjvSn-®p-sIm-≠n-cn-°p-∂p. -Hcn-°epw AXp ]g-bXm-Ip-∂n√. F{Xtbm Xe-ap-dIƒ Pohn®p - -IS-∂p-t]m-bn´pw Pohn-X-Øns‚ ]pXpa jvS-s∏-Sp-∂n√. AXvC∂pw ]pXn-b-Xm-bn-cn°p∂p. B¥-cn-I-Po-hn-X-Ønepw _mly-Po-hn-XØnepw B ]pXpa Ct∏mgpw kw`-hn-®p-sIm≠ncn°p-Ibm- - -Wv. C∂-esØ kqtcym-Zbw t]m-se-b√ C∂sØ kqtcym-Zbw. - - -C∂se Rm≥ Ap-`hn® Bµw t]mse-b√ C∂sØ B- -µw. AXnp hyXy-kvX-X-bp-≠v. B hyXy-kvXX ]et∏mgpwap°p Xncn-®dn-bm≥t]mepw Ignbmdn√. A{X-bv°p kq£vaamW- -Xv. hfsc tcnb Hcp -]m-S-sIm-≠mWv A-Xns th¿Xn-cn-®n-cn-°p-∂-Xv. Aßs Hc-Xn¿Øn Dt≠m F∂p-t]mepw ap°pkwibw tXm∂p-∂p. Pohn-XsØ An¿h-Nob F∂mWv ]d- -bp-∂Xv. n¿h-Nn-°m≥ Ign-bm-ØXv. AXnm¬ Kpcp ]d-bp-∂p: - -Atlm! mSIw nJn-ehpw ˛ PohnXw Hcp mS-Iw-Xs∂-bm-Wv. - aom-bXpw `hXn amm-bXpw Pn˛AtΩ, {]]-©-Øns‚amXm-th, PK-Zw-_n-tI, AΩ Xs∂-bt√ amm-bn-cn-°p-∂Xv. AΩ--X-s∂-bt√ aom-bn-cn-°p-∂-Xpw. Pe-Øn¬ hkn-°p∂ Po-hn-bm-bn- c n- ° p∂ aopw AΩ- X - s ∂- b - t √. km[m- c W KXn- b n¬ssZhsØ k¶-ev]n-°p-tºmƒ ssZhw Hcp aomsW∂p ]d-bp-tºmƒ ap-°sXmcp ssZh-n-µ-bm-bn tXm∂mw. ]t£, Kpcphfsc njvIf¶ambn ]dbp∂p, ssZhw Hcp aomWv F∂v.ssZhw Hcp ampamWv. Kpcp- ChnsS Zriy-am-b temI-tØ°vssZh-Øns‚ km∂n≤yw sIm≠p-h-cn-I-bm-Wv sNøp-∂-Xv. AZr-iy-am-bn-cn-°p∂ Xe-ß-fn¬ ssZh-sØ-h®v Bcm-[n-°p-∂-hcpw]qPn-°p-∂-hcpw Zriy-amb Xe-ß-fn¬ Pohn-XØnse ssZhsØntj-[n-°p-∂-Xp-sIm≠v Kpcp ssZhsØ Zriy-amb hkvXp-°-fn-te°v Cd-°n-s°m-≠p-h∂v ]dbp∂p: ‘n߃s°mcp aonsssZh-am-bn Adn-bm≥ Ign-bp-∂n-s√-¶n¬ ]ns∂ Fß-s-bmWv]c-a-amb Hcp ssZh-ap-s≠∂v Ap-`-hn-°m≥ Ign-bpI?’ BZyw Zriy-h-kvXp-°-fn-emWv ssZh-km-∂n[yw Adn-tb-≠-Xv. AZr-iy-sØ-°p-dn®v Adn-bp-∂-Xn-p-apºv AZr-iy-amb Xe-Øn-te°v Atz-jn-®p-t]m-Ip-∂-Xn-p-apºv Zriy-amb Xe-Øn¬ssZhsØ Adn-bWw. At∏mƒ Hcp Pe-Po-hn-bm-bn-cn-°p∂ aon- 139
  • 140. s- kmIqXw tm-°n ap°p ]d-bm≥ Ignbpw Cu aopwssZhwXs∂bmsW∂v. F∂m¬ Cu Ap-`hw ap-°p-≠m-Ip-∂n√. Ahn-sS-bmWv aX-ß-fpsS ]cm-Pbw kw`-hn-°p-∂-Xv.ssZhw F∂ kØbpsS ]cm-Pbw kw`-hn-°p-∂Xv km[m-cWPohn-I-fn-¬ ap°v ssZhsØ ImWm≥ Ign-bm-Ø-Xp-sIm-≠m-Wv. Ωƒ ssZhsØ Akm-[m-c-W-m-°n-°-f-bp-∂p. At∏mƒnXy-Po-hn-X-Øn¬ ssZh-Øn-smcp {]k-‡nbpw C√m-Xn-cn-°p-∂p. AXp-sIm≠v ap°v lnwk -sN-øm≥ Hcp aSn-bp-an-√. ssZhwthsd Fhn-sStbm Ccn-°p-∂Xm-bXp-sIm≠v Np‰p-]m-Sp-ap≈ Pohn- - -Isf ]nSn-®p sIm∂p Idn-h®p Ign-°p-tºmƒ mhn¬ √ cpNnbp- -≠m-Ipw. Imc-W-sa-¥mWv? AXn¬ ssZh-km-∂n-≤y-an√t√mF∂p ap°p tXm∂p-∂p. AXp-sIm≠v F√m Pohn-I-fnepw Ncm-N-c-ß-fnepw ssZhsØImWm≥ Ign-bp∂ Hcp {]IrXnssZhnIX (nature mysticism) ASp-Ø-Im-e-Øv ]m›m-XytemIØp thscSpØp hcp∂p≠v. {]Ir-Xn-bn¬ apgp-h≥ Cuiz-cssN-Xyw hnf-bm-Sp-∂p-≠v. {]Ir-Xnbnse -Hmtcm hkvXp-hns ImWp-tºmgpw sXmSp-tºmgpw Ap-`-hn-°p-tºmgpw Cuiz-cs Ap-`-hn-°p-∂-Xp-t]m-ep≈ Hcp AhÿΩpsS D≈n¬ D≠m-Ip-∂p. Ata-cn-°-bn¬ t®¿ anÃn-knkwF∂ {]ÿm-w-Xs∂ hnI-kn-®p-h-∂n-´p-≠v. AXv Ihn-I-fn-eq-tSbpw Zm¿i-n-I∑m-cn-eq-tSbpamWv h∂n-´p-≈Xv. sl≥dn tUhnUvv - -tXmtdm F∂ Ata-cn-°≥ Zm¿i-n-I≥ Iptd -h¿j-ßtfmfwap-jy-hm-k-ap≈ ÿe-Øp-n∂v amdn Hcp Im´nse hmƒU¨F∂ XSm-I-Øns‚ Ic-bn¬ Xnsb Xma-kn-®n-cp-∂p. At∏mƒAt±-l-Øn-p-tXm∂n ap-jy-km-∂n-≤yØn¬ Pohn-®p-io-en®ap-jy¿°v {]Ir-Xn-bpsS `mj jvSam-bn-´p-s≠-∂v. {]Ir-Xn-bpsS -Xmfhpw kwKo-Xhpw Pohn-Xhp-sams° B[p-n-Iap-jyv jvS- - - - -s∏- ´ p- s Im- ≠ n- c n- ° p- ∂ p. ap- j y≥ C∂v IqSp- X ¬ bm{¥n- I -ambnØo¿- ∂ - X p- s Im≠v Ah≥ Ahs‚ B¥- c n- I - { ]- I r- X n-bn¬n∂v AS¿∂pamdn-s°m-≠n-cn-°p-Ibm-Wv. Ah≥ Ah-n¬n- -∂p-Xs∂ AS¿∂p-s]m-bvsIm-≠n-cn-°p-I-bm-Wv. Cu Hcp Zpc-¥sØ°pdn-®v ]e Ihn-Ifpw ]mSp-Ibp-≠m-bn. Fta-gvk¨ F∂ -Nn¥-Ipw hmƒ´vhn-‰vam≥ F∂ Ihn°psams° {]Ir-Xn-tbm-Sp≈ XmZm-fly-Øm¬ ssZh-Øns‚ Ap-`-h-ap-≠mbn. 140
  • 141. C∂sØ hnI-k-hpw kmt¶-Xn-I-Xbpw Hs° FSp-Øp-tm-°p-tºmƒ Ah {]IrXnhncp≤amWv F∂p ImWm-m-Ipw. {]Ir-Xn-tbmSv Hcp nebv°pw Ap-c-W--s∏-SmØ Xc-Øn-ep≈ {Iqc-am- b n- c n- ° p∂ {]hr- Ø n- I - f mWv C∂n- h nsS I≠p- h - c p- ∂ - X v .Aßs tm-°p-tºmƒ mcm-b-W-Kpcp Hcp nature mystic Bbn-cp-∂p. Kpcp Hcn-°epw {]Ir-Xn-hn-cp-≤-am-bn-cn-°p∂ hnI-k-sØkm[q-I-cn-®n-´n-√. {]Ir-Xn-tbmSv CW-ßn-bn-´p-thWw Ft∏mgpwF¥pw sNøp-hm≥. {]Ir-Xn-bmWv G‰hpw henb nb-aw. ap-jy-n¿Ωn-X-am-bn-cn-°p∂ nb-a-Øn--∏p-dØv {]Ir-Xn-bpsS nb-a-Øn-mWv {]k-‡n-bp-≈-Xv. hy‡n-I-fnepw AXp-X-s∂-bm-Wv.cmjv{Sw n¿Ωn°p∂ nb-aØnpw A∏p-dØv {]Ir-Xn-bpsS nb- -a-Øn-mWv {]Y-a-K-W-o-bX sImSp-t°-≠-Xv. ]t£, Ω-fXvsImSp-°p-∂n-√. AXp-sIm≠v {]IrXn AXns‚ Nne hnIr-Xn-Iƒ S- Ø p- t ºmƒ Ωƒ ]cn- X - ] n- ° p- ∂ p. Fs¥√mw{IqcXIfmWv Ωƒ {]Ir-Xn-tbmSv ImWn-®p-Iq-´p-∂Xv. {]Ir-Xn-sb Hcp Pohn-bm-bn AdnbpIbmsW¶n¬ Hcn-°epw {]Ir-Xn-bn¬ kw`-hn-°p∂ {]Ir-Xn-t£m-`ßsf˛ t]am-cn, hcƒ®, kpm- -an, A·n-]¿∆-X-kvt^m-S--߃, `qI-ºw H∂pw sX‰m-sW∂p]d-bm≥ Ign-bp-I-bn-√. CXp Ωƒ Xncn-®-dn-tb-≠nbncn-°p-∂p. o mK-hpw KJKw. Xmm-bXpw [c Zo mcnbpw cpwB mIhpw c-Ihpw. mKw F∂p ]d-™m¬ ]mºv. BZyw Pe- -Øn-ep≈ Hcp Pohn-sb-°p-dn®v ]d-™p. ]ns∂ Ic-bn-ep≈ HcpPohn-sb-°p-dn®p ]d-™p. Pe-Ønepw Ic-bnepw Pohn-°p∂ HcpDc-KsØ-°p-dn®p ]d-bp∂p. Kw F∂m¬ ]¿∆-Xw. JKw F∂m¬ -]£n. o Xs∂-bmWv ]¿∆-Xhpw oX-s∂-bmWv BIm-iØn- -ep≈ ]dhbpw. `qanbmbncn°p∂Xpw Zn-bm-bn-cn-°p-∂Xpw BWm-bn-cn-°p-∂Xpw s]Æm-bn-cn-°p-∂Xpw o Xs∂-bm-Wv. P-n kvss{XWtam ]ucp-jtam Bb Hcp hy‡n-b-√.PntbmSp tN¿Øv kvss{XW-am-bn-cn-°p∂ hy‡n-XzsØImW-cp-Xv. Pn kvss{XW-Xbv°pw ]ucp-j-Ønpw AXo-X-amb hy‡n-Xz-am-Wv. Hcp hy‡nXzw AXns‚ ]q¿Æ-X-bn¬FØp-tºmƒ B hy‡n ]ns∂ ]pcp-jtm kv{Xotbm A√.AXn-¿∞w B hy‡n ]pw-k-I-am-sW-∂-√. F√m enwK-߃°pw AXo-X-am-bn-cn-°p-∂-sX∂mWv. enwKmXoXambncn°p 141
  • 142. tºmgmWv k¿∆Øntbpw Dƒs°m≈m≥ IgnbpIbp≈q. AXp-sIm-≠v Pn ccq]Ønepw mcncq]Ønepw `mhw amdp∂p.ico-cw-sIm≠v ]pcp-j-m-bn-cn-°p∂ Hcp Kpcp-hns As√-¶n¬ico-cw-sIm-≠v kv{Xobm-bn-cn-°p∂ Hcp Kpcp-hns ]pcp-j-KpcpFt∂m kv{XoKpcp Ft∂m hnth-Nw sNøp-∂Xv hfsc nµyhpwA]-Ir-jvShp-am-b Hcp Imcy-am-bmWv IcptX≠Xv. Ωƒ ]e- -t∏mgpw Ω-psS am-Z-WvU-ß-fn-eq-sS-bmWv ]c-a-am-bn-cn-°p∂kXysØ ImWp-∂Xv. Ω-fpsS am-ZWvU߃ ap°v am‰n-h- - - -bv°m≥ Ign-bWw. {]tXy-In®pw almKpcp-°∑m-cp-sS Pohn-Xhp- - - -ambn _‘-s∏-SpØn Hcn-°epw km[m-cW am-ZWvU߃ D]- -tbm-Kn-°m≥ ]mSn-√. AXv Kpcp ChnsS FSp-Øp-]dbp-Ibm-Wv. - - -o Xs∂-bmWv cpw o Xs∂-bmWv mcn-bpw. B mIhpw c-Ihpw. mIw F∂m¬ kz¿§w. kz¿§--c-I-ßsf kw_-‘n®v, ne-n¬°p∂ Hcp ImgvN-∏mSpw icn-bm-bHcp ImgvN-∏mSpap≠v. ne-n¬°p∂ ImgvN-∏mSv ac-Wm--¥cwΩƒ FØns∏Sp∂ Xo{h-am-b ]oUßfptSbpw IjvSXIfptSbpw kt¶XamWv. ac-Wm--¥cw Ωƒ FØns∏Sp∂ kpJ-ku-I-cy-ß-fptSXmb Hcp kt¶XsØbmWv kz¿§-am-bn aX-߃ ]d-bp-∂-Xv. aX-߃ C°mcyØn¬ XnI-®pw Imev]-n-I-ß-fm-Wv. ap-jyPohn-X-Øn¬ sX‰p-Iƒ sNøm-Xn-cn-°m-mbnsX‰pIsf XSbnSp∂ c≠p ISn™mWpIfmWv ]m]hpw]pWyhpw. acWm¥cw c-I-bm-X Ap-`-hn-t°-≠n-hcpwF∂p ]d-™m¬ AXnp F¥p sNø-W-sa∂p Ωƒ tNmZn-°pw. At∏mƒ aXw ]dbpw Pohn-X-Øn¬ √Xp sNø-Ww. a‰p-≈-hsc klm-bn-°p-I, ZpxJn-X-tbpw ]oUn-X-tbpw klm-bn-°p-I, D≈-h≥ C√m-Ø-hv sImSp-°p-I, Pohn-I-tfmSv ImcpWywImWn-°pI Cß-s-bp≈ √ Imcy-߃ aXw-Xs∂ ]Tn-∏n-®p-X-cp-∂p≠v. Cßsbp≈ Imcy-߃ kmaq-ln-I-am-b `{Z-X°vAn-hm-cyw-X-s∂-bm-Wv. ]t£, ΩpsS D≈n¬Xs∂ kl-P-am-bn-cn-°p∂ Poh-Im-cp-Wy-ap-≠v. ]e-t∏mgpw B Poh-Im-cpWyw ΩpsS D≈n¬ Bhn¿`q-X-am-Im-dn-√. AXn-p-Im-cWw Ω-psS Poh-Im-cp-WysØ ad®vHcp Ir{Xn-a-Im-cp-WysØ, As√-¶n¬ Ir{Xn-a-am-b Hcp kZm-Nm-csØ, Ir{Xn-a-am-b Hcp hyh-ÿsb kaqlw ]Tn-∏n-®p-h-®n-cn- 142
  • 143. °p-I-bm-Wv. kaqlw ]Tn-∏n-®p-h-®n-cn-°p∂ Ir{Xn-a-am-b Pohn-Xw h®p-tm-°p-tºmƒ kl-P-amb aqey߃ ]pdØphcmXncn°pIbpw I]SambXns n¿_‘]q¿hw ApjvTnt°≠nhcnIbpw sNøp∂p. ]q¿∆nIcmb Kpcp-°-∑mcpw BNm-cy-∑mcpw Fgp-Xn-h-®n-´p≈[¿Ω-im-kv{X-߃ Ir{Xnaamb PohnXhyhÿbn¬ ]Tnt°≠nhcptºmƒ aXØnpw ]utcmlnXyØnpw {]k‡nGdnhcp∂p. AsXmcp A]NbamWv. ImeØv FWo‰v sshIp-t∂cw InS-°p-∂Xp-hsc-bp≈ Hmtcmtcm Imcy-ßsf-°p-dn®v [¿Ω- - -imkv{Xw ]d™p-h®n-´p-≠.v IÆp Xpd-°p-tºmƒ F¥p ]d-bWw? -F¥p Nn¥n-°Ww? ]√p tX°p-∂Xn-p-apºpw ]√p tX®-Xn-p- -ti-jhpw Ipfn-°p-∂Xn-p-apºpw Ipfn-®Xn-p-ti-jhpw ]pd-Øn-d- - -ßp-∂Xn-p-apºpw Xncn®ph∂Xnp-ti-jhpw tPmen sNøp-∂Xn- - -p-apºpw AXn-p-ti-jhpw F¥p sNøWw? Cßs nc-h[nnb-a߃sIm≠v k¶o¿Æamb Hcp [¿Ω-imkv{X-hy-hÿnXn - -ap-°p-≠v. ]t£, mw Hcp Imcyw a- n-em-t°-≠Xv sΩkrjvSn® ssZh-Ønv Ω-n¬Xs∂ A¥-cÿamb Hcp [¿Ω- - -hy-hÿsb nt£-]n-°m≥ Ign-™n-´nt√ F∂mWv. B [¿Ω- -hy-hÿsb DW¿Øn-sb-Sp-t°-≠p∂ Hcp DØ-chm-ZnØw ap- - -°n-t√? B DØ-chm-Zn-ØtØm-Sp-IqSn Ωn¬Xs∂ Ccn-°p∂ -klm-p-`q-Xnsb, Poh-Im-cp-WysØ DW¿Øn-sb-Sp-Øp-Ign-™m¬-ap-s°m-cn-°epw Hcmsf thZ-n-∏n-°mtm ZpxJn-∏n-°mtm ]oUn-∏n-°mtm tXm∂p-I-bn-√. hmkvX-h-Øn¬ C∂v Cu kaqlwA`n-ap-Jo-Icn-°p∂ lnwk-Iƒ°p ImcWw ap-jyv hnI-eamb - -coXn-bn¬ hnZym-`ymkw sImSpØv Ahs‚ A¥-cÿ-ambncn°p∂ -Imcp-WysØ in-∏n-®XmWv. C∂p ΩpsS kaq-lØnse hnZy- - -`ymkw `uXnIamb t´-߃°p-th-≠n-bm-Wv. [-Øn-p-th-≠n- -bp≈ Hcp sh{]m-famWv C∂sØ PohnXw. - Fs‚ kabw jvS-s∏-´p-sIm-≠n-cn-°p∂p, Rm≥ Pohn-XØn¬ Hcn-SØpw FØn-t®¿∂n-´n-√, Fn-s°-s¥m-s°tbmttS-≠-Xm-bn-´p-≠v F∂p ]d™v Ft∏mgpw apjy≥ hne-]n-°p-∂p. ASpØ ho´n-ep-≈hcp-ambn sΩ kzbw X´n-®p-tm-°p- - -∂p. “tm°q, ASpØ ho´n-ep≈ At±-lØnv Fs¥√mw t´- -߃ D≠m- b n- c n- ° p- ∂ p. At±- l - Ø ns‚ ho´n¬ Hcp- ] mSv 143
  • 144. k÷oIcWßfp≠v. hmjnwKv sajn≥, πmkva Sn.hn, hmIzw ¢o¿,F.kn. Im¿ F√mw At±-lØnp≠v. Fs‚ ho´n-em-Is´ Hcp √ -kn.Un tπb¿ t]m-ep-an-√.” ap-jys‚ XmcXayßfmWv CsX-√mw.ap-jy≥ Cßs Xmc-Xayw sNbvXpsNbvXv kzbta Hcp A]-I¿j-Xmt_m-[Øn-te°v B≠p-t]m-Ip-∂p. F√m Xmc-Xay-ßfpw -Ah-kmw FØn-t®-cp-∂Xv A]-I¿j--Xmt_m-[Øn-te-°m-W.v - A]-I¿j-Xmt_m[w h∂p-Ign-™m¬ ap-jy≥ hfsc nIr- -jvSmb Hcp Pohn-bm-bn-Øo-cpw. nIr-jvS≥ F∂p ]-d™m¬, - -Ahv Ah-tmSpXs∂ tXm∂p∂ `mhw ]p—-am-bn-cn°pw (selfcontempt). Rmsmcp hy‡n-Xz-an-√mØ ap-jy≥. Fn°oPohnXw sIms≠¥p t´w? ap-jy-cpsS apJØp tm°m≥Fn°p ]‰p-∂n-√. BfpIƒ Fs¥-¶nepw Ft∂mSp tNmZn-®m¬DØcw ]d-bp-hm≥th≠n Rm≥ F{X-am{Xw hnΩn-´s∏-Sp-∂p. Fs‚ -hy‡nXzsØ £Xs∏SpØmXncn°m≥ F{X-am{Xw I≈-߃]d-tb-≠n-hcp-∂p. Cßs ap-jy≥ A]-I¿j-Xbn-te°v t]mIp- - -t¥mdpw Ah≥ hymP-mb Hcp hy‡n-bm-bn-Øo-cp-∂p. kzm`m-hn-I-ambn-cn--°p∂ hy‡n-XzsØ Xncn-®dn-bm≥ Ign-bmsX ]c-Io-b- -am-b Hcp hy‡n-XzsØ IS-sa-Sp-°m≥ {ian-°p-Ibpw kaq-l-Øns‚ IÆm-Sn-bn-eqsS temIsØ tm°n-°m-Wp-Ibpw sNøp-∂-Xns‚ Zpc-¥-^-e-am-WnsX-√mw. mw sΩ Hcp kaq-l-Øn-t‚bpw IÆm-Sn-bneqsS hnebncptØ≠ Bh-iy-an-√. ap°p sΩ a- n--em-°-W-sa-¶n¬ thsdBcp-tSbpw Bh-iy-an-√. ap°p Ωn¬ kzbw Hcp n›bwD≠mbncn°Ww. Aßs kzbw a-   n- e m- ° m≥ Ign- b p-tºmƒ, thsd Btc-°mfpw ap°p sΩ Adn-bm≥ Ign-bp-tºmƒ thsdmcmfpsS A`n-{]m-b-Ønv Ω-psS Pohn-X-Øn¬Hcp kzm[o-hpw D≠m-bn-cn-°p-I-bn-√. Hcmƒ h∂v o sNøp∂Imcy-ßsfm∂pw A{X icn-b-√ F∂p ]d-™m¬ Ωƒ ZpxJn-X-m-bn-Øo-cm≥ ImcWw ap°p sΩ°pdn®p≈ A⁄XsIm≠mWv. thsdm-cmƒ sΩ-°p-dn®p ]d-bp-tºmƒ Ah-cpsSA`n-{]m-b-߃°v ΩpsS Ap`htØ°mƒ {]m[myw sImSp-Øp-t]m-Ip-∂p. Aß-s-bt√ km[m-cW Pohn-X-Øn¬ kw`-hn-°p-∂Xv? Aß-s-X-s∂-bm-Wv. ap-°Xv a- n-em-Im-Ø-Xp-sIm-≠m-Wv. 144
  • 145. ]Øn- c p- ] Xp h¿j- a mbn Hcp kv { Xobpw ]pcp- j pw`mcym`¿Øm°∑mcmbn ASp-Øp-Po-hn-°p-Ibm-Wv. Aßs Pohn- -®p-sIm-≠n-cn-°p-tºmƒ Ipd-®p-mƒ Hcp tPmen- B-h-iyØn-mbnB ]pcp-j≥ Ipd®I-te°v bm{X-t]m-bn. H∂p-c≠p amkwIgn™v Xncn-®p-h-∂-t∏mƒ Hcmƒ Abm-tfmSp ]d-bp-I-bmWv:“BcmWv ns‚ ho´n¬ CSbv°v hcm-dp-≠m-bn-cp∂ Hcmƒ?”CXp tI´t∏mƒ Abmƒ°v kwi- b - a m- b n. Xs‚ `mcysbAt±lw kwi-bn-®p. s]mSp-∂s thsdmcmfpsS A`n-{]mbwAbmsf kzm[o-n-®p-I-gn-™p. ]Øn-cp-]-Xp-h¿j-tØmfw ASp-Øp-Po-hn-® Xn-°-dn-bm-hp∂ Xs‚ {]nb `mcysb Ht∂m ct≠maqt∂m {]mhiyw I≠n-´p≈ Hcp hy‡n-bpsS A`n-{]m-bw-sIm-≠v Ωƒ XncpØp∂ Hcp Ahnizm-kyX s]mSp-∂t ΩpsSD≈n¬ IS- ∂ p- I q- S p- ∂ p. CXn- p- I m- c Ww Ωƒ Ft∏mgpw]cm{ibnIfmWv (other-oriented) F∂mWv. F∂p ]d-™m¬ as‰m-∂n¬ hniz-kn-°p-∂-h-cmWv. ap°v G‰hpw ASp-Øn-cn-°p∂H∂ns Ωƒ hniz-kn-°m-Xn-cn-°p-Ibpw ]Icw AI∂ncn°p∂as‰m-∂ns hniz-kn-°p-Ibpw sNøp∂ Hcp Zpc¥w Ω-n-ep≠v.CXns Ωƒ Xncp-tØ-≠-Xm-bn-´p-≠v. CXns Xncp-Øn-bm¬am{X-amWv PohnXØn¬ ∑ kw`-hn-°p-Ibp-≈q. A√m-Ø]£w - -Ft∏mgpw Ωƒ Xn∑ I≠p-sIm-≠n-cn-°pw. CXns‚ hn]coX hiamWv mw Ωnse icnbmb tZmjsØImWmXncn°p∂Xv. ]Icw thsdmcphs‚ tZmjsØ s]cp∏n®pImWn°pIbpw sNøpw. AØcØn¬ {]amZw hcptºmgmWvtbip ]dbp∂Xv : “thsdm- c p- h s‚ IÆnse sNdnsbmcps]mSnsb tm°n hnc¬ Nq≠msX ns‚ IÆn¬ Ccn-°p∂ac-®o-fns FSpØp IfbpI.” ho≠pw tbip ]d-bp-∂p: “hn[n-°-cp-Xv. Btcbpw n߃ hn[n-°-cp-Xv. Btcbpw n߃ hne-bn-cp-Ø-cp-Xv. Bcp-tSbpw tZmj-߃ ImW-cp-Xv. ” Cn Bcp-tsSsb¶nepw ∑ ImWp-∂p-s≠-¶n¬ B ∑n߃°p- w - I qSn _m[- I - a m- s W∂v a-   n- e m- ° - W w. Xs‚injy∑m-tcmSp tbip Hcn-°¬ ]d-™Xv Cß-s-bm-Wv: “a‰p-≈-h¿ nß-tfmSv Fßs s]cp-am-d-W-sa∂v n-߃ B{K-ln-°p-∂pthm AXp-t]mse n߃ Ah-tcmSpw s]cp-am-dpI.” 145
  • 146. H∂pw GI-]£o-ba√ . Zzn]-£o-bam-Wv. c≠p ]£-Øp-n∂pw - - - -kaoIcWw Bhiy-am-bn hcp-∂p. Ωƒ AZ¿ Hmdn-b‚Uv BIp-tºmƒ Ωsf Ωƒ hnkvacn-®p-t]m-Ip-∂p. Ω-fpsS hy‡n-k- -Ø-sb-°p-dn®v ad-∂p-t]m-Ip-∂p. a‰p-≈hcpsS hy‡n-kØbmWv - - - -Ω-psS Pohn-XsØ kzm[o-n-®p-sIm-≠n-cn-°p-∂Xpw nb-{¥n-®p- -sIm-≠n-cn-°p-∂Xpw. AXp-sIm-≠mWv ZpxJw D≠m-Ip-∂Xv. - - cIw Ωƒ kr-jvSn-°p-∂Xm-Wv. kz¿§hpw Ωƒ krjvSn- -°p-∂Xm-Wv. Cu Pohn-XØn¬Xs∂ Ωƒ kz¿§hpw c-Ihpw - -Hs° Ap-`hn-°p-∂p-≠.v Xo{h-am-bn-cn-°p∂ hyY-Ifn-te°v Ωsf - -sIm≠p-t]m-Ip∂ kw`-h-߃ D≠m-Ip-∂p-≠v. n-®n-cn-°m-sX-bm-bn-cn°pw hcn-I. s]mSp-∂s sΩ AKm-[am-bn-cn-°p∂ ZpxJ- -Øn-te°p sIm≠p-t]m-Ip-∂p. ]t£, Hcp ZpxJhpw imiz-Xa√. -kpJhpw imiz-X-a-√. s]m´n°cbp∂hv s]m´n®ncn°phm≥CØn-cn-tcw aXn-bm-Ipw. kt¥m-jn-°p∂ IÆp-Ifnse Xnf-°- -sa√mw t]mbn IÆp-o¿ h∂p-n-dbm≥ Hcp smSn aXn. ZpxJ- -Ønpw kpJ-Ønpw CS-bn-ep≈ Zqcw hfsc sNdp-Xm-Wv. ap-°Xp ImWm≥ Ign-bp-∂n-√. Hcp smSn-bnSsIm≠v Cu `mhm-¥cw ΩpsS D≈n¬ kw`-hn-°p-∂p-≠v. Aßs tm°p-tºmƒkz¿§-cIßsfms° kw`-hn-°p-∂Xv I¿Xr-Xz-t_m-[w-sIm-≠mWv - - - -F∂p `K-hZvKoX ap°p ]d-™p-Xcp-∂p. - - F√m ZpxJ-ßfpw D≠m-Ip-∂Xv ‘Rm≥ sNøp-∂p’ ‘Rm≥ Ap-`-hn-°p∂p’ F∂ `mh-Øn¬n-∂m-Wv. Rm≥... Rm≥... Rm≥...Fs‚... Fs‚... Fs‚... Ch c≠pw Ωn¬n∂p FSp-Øp-am-‰n-bmtem? n¿hmWkpJw Ap`hn°mw. Rm≥ sNøp∂pF∂p≈ I¿Xr-Xz-`m-hsØ FSp-Øp-am-‰m≥ F¥m-sWmcp hgn?AXnpw KoX hgn ]d-™p-X-cp-∂p: “F√m I¿Ω-ß-fp-tSbpw]n∂n-en-cp∂p {]h¿Øn-°p-∂Xv Cuiz-c-m-Wv F∂p awsNbvXpd∏n°pI.” ssI Nen-∏n-°-W-sa-¶n¬ AXn¬ Cuiz-cs‚C— D≠m-bn-cn-°-Ww. mw hnNm-cn°pw Ω-fpsS C—-sIm-≠mWvssI s]mßp- ∂ - s X- ∂ v . Aß- s - b m- s W- ¶ n¬ hncepIsf]pdtIm´p hfbv°m≥ ap°p Ignbp∂n√t√m. CXp Ωƒ Nn¥n-°m-dn-√. AXp-sIm-≠v F√m C—-Ifpw ssZh-Øns‚ C—-I-fmWvF∂pw F√m I¿Ω-ßfpw Cu temIØv S-°p-∂Xpw ssZh-Øns‚ C—m-{]-Im-c-am-sW∂pw n›-bn-®p-I-gn-™m¬ Pohn-X- 146
  • 147. Øn¬ hcp∂ Db¿®-Ifpw XmgvN-Ifpw Hs° ssZh-Øns‚ Adn-hn¬ kw`-hn-°p-∂-Xm-sW∂p a- n-em°n ap°p kpJ-Zpx-J-߃°v AXo-X-am-bn Pohn-°m≥ Ign-bpw. CSdnhoWmepw ]d-bWw ssZh-Øn--dn-bmtem F√mw. D∂a߃ D≠mbmepw]d-bWw ssZh-Øn--dn-bmtem F√mw. CXp ΩpsSbp≈n¬Adn-tb≠ Imcy-ß-fm-Wv. ]t£, ]e-t∏mgpw Cu Ah-t_m[w jvS-s∏-´p-t]m-Imdp≠v.Ωƒ Iptd [w In´p-tºm-ƒ Al-¶-cn-°p-∂p. `b-¶-c-ambnK¿∆w sIm≈p-∂p. CXv kqNn-∏n-°p∂ Hcp IY ]c-a-lw-k¿]d-bp-∂p-≠v. Hcn-°¬ Hcp Xh-f°v Hcp Hcp cq]m In´n. BXhf AXv Xs‚ amf-Øn¬ kq£n-®p-h-®p. Xh-f-bv°m-sW-¶n¬B Hcp cq]m In´n-bXv hfsc Al-¶m-c-ap-≠m-°n. Xhf CS-bvs°ms° ]pd-tØ-°p-h∂v FØn-tm-°pw. Fs‚ amf-Øns‚ASpØp-IqsS Fs‚ AphmZan√msX Bsc-¶nepw t]mIp-∂pt≠m? t]mIp-∂p-s≠-¶n¬ Ahs icn-bm-°n-°-f-bpw. HcpZnhkw B Xhf amf-Øn¬n∂pw ]pd-tØ°p Xe-bn-´p-tm-°p-tºmƒ hensbmcp B Xs‚ amf-Ønp ap∂n-eqsS IS-∂p-t]m-Ip-∂p. Xh-f-bv°Xp kln-°m≥ Ign-™n-√. Xhf ]d-bp-I-bm-Wv: “F¥v [n°m-c-amWv Ch≥ ImWn-°p-∂Xv? Fs‚ amf-Ønp ap∂n-eqsS S-∂p-t]m-Im≥ Chv C{X°v ss[cywht∂m.” Xhf ]pd-tØ-°n-dßn h∂-t∏m-tg°pw B AhnSwIgn-™p-t]m-bn-cp-∂p. HmSn-t∏mbn B Xhf B-bpsS Imen-¬c≠v Nhn´v sImSp-Øp. F∂n´p Nncn®psIm≠p ]d™p: “Ft∂mSpIfn®m¬ Cßsbncn°pw.” B-bm-sW-¶n¬ CsXm-∂p-a-dn-bmsX S-∂p-t]m-bn. CXp-t]m-se-bmWv km[m-cW Bfp-Iƒ. Xh-f-bpsS hnNmcwF¥m-bn-cp-∂p? Xh-f-bpsS Nhn-´p-sIm-≠v kln-°m≥ I-gn-bmsXB HmSn-t∏m-hp-I-bm-sW∂v. Ωp-tSbpw hnNmcw Cß-s-bm-Wv. Hcp-e£w cq]m In´n-°-gn-™m¬ Ω-fpsS kzm`m-hn-I-ambs]cp-am-‰-sams° amdpw. ap-s°mcp tXm∂-em-Wv. Rm≥ Bscm-s°tbm Bbn-cn-°p-I-bm-sW∂v. At∏mƒ ap-s°mcp Al-¥-sbms° IS∂p-h∂v Cn Fs‚ ne-hm-c-Øn-ep-≈-h-tcm-Sp-am-{Xta Rm≥ kwkm-cn-°p-I-bp-≈q F∂ K¿∆Øn seØp∂p.Hcp- e £w sUt∏m- k n‰v D≈ Bsc- ¶ nepapt≠m, Ah- c psS 147
  • 148. ]´nIbnemWv Rm≥ s]´n- c n- ° p- ∂ - X v . AXnp Xmsg- b p≈XeØnsem∂pw Cn Rm≥ t]mIn-√ F∂p kzbw Al-¶-cn-°p-∂p. Aß-s-bt√? kaq-l-Øn¬ tm°n-bm¬ ap-°Xp Im-Wm≥ Ign-bpw. ]Øp-t]¿ IqSp-∂p-s≠-¶n¬ B ]Øp-t]-cptSbpw kmº-Øn-I- --`- { ZX h®p- t m- ° p- I - b m- s W- ¶ n¬ F√m- h cptSbpw _m¶vsUt∏mkn‰n¬ kamX ImWpw. ]Øv e£w _m¶v sUt∏m-kn‰v D≈-hcm-sW-¶n¬ Aßssbmcp hn`mKw ImWpw. Hcp tImSn- -bn-e[nIw _m¶v sUt∏m-kn‰v D≈h-cm-sW-¶n¬ Aßs Hcp -hn`m-Kw. Ah¿ XΩn¬am-{Xta IqSp-Ibp-ffq. Hcp tImSn sUt∏m- - -kn-‰p-≈hpw ]Øp-e£w sUt∏m-kn‰v D≈-hpw XΩn¬ IqSp-I- -bn-√. Imc-Wsa-¥mWv? Cu ]Øpe£w D≈-h≥ Hcp tImSn D≈- -h-n¬n∂pw ISw-tNm-Zn-°p∂Xv A]-ISam-Wv. ap-jyv `b-¶c - -`b-am-Wn-∂.v AXp-sIm≠v ap-jy-n∂p krjvSn-°p∂ ]e hn`m-Ko-bXIfpw tm°p-Ibm-sW-¶n¬ Ah≥ kaq-lØn¬ Hcp kpc- - - - -£n-XXzw B{K-ln-°p-∂p-≠.v Xs‚ ssIbn¬n∂pw H∂pw jvSs∏-Sm≥ ]mSn√ F∂pw Xn-s°m∂pw th≠ F∂pw Ah≥ ]d-bpw.Imip-≈h≥ ]d-bpw Xn-s°m∂pw th≠. F∂m¬ H∂pw jvS- -s∏-Smpw ]mSn-√. Cßs hfsc kpc£nXamb Hcp AIewF√m-hcpsS CS-bnepap≠v. - Hcmƒ hfsc n¿[--m-bn-cp∂ ka-bØv ]c-a-lw-k-cpsSASpØv hcp-am-bn-cp-∂p. ]ns∂ At±lw Fhn-sStbm t]mbnF∂p ]d-bp-∂-Xp-tI-´p. Iptd-mƒsIm≠v At±-l-Ønv HØncn[w kºmZn®p. Hcp-Zn-hkw ]c-a-lw-k¿ `‡-∑m-cp-sS-IqsS S-∂p-t]m-Ip∂ ka-bØv Hcmƒ IqfnwKv •m pw Po≥kpw j¿´p-sams° C´v ]c-alw-kcpsS ap∂n¬h∂v tNmZn®p: “ltem km¿, - -Atß-°n-t∏mƒ kpJw-X-s∂-b-t√. Aß-bpsS Imcy-ß-sfms°∂mbn S-°p-∂nt√?” At∏mƒ ]c-a-lw-k¿ shdptX Nn-cn-®n´v IqsS D≠m-bn-cp-∂-h-tcmSp ]d-™p: “Ccn-Øncn ]Ww In´n-°-gn-™m¬ ap-jyvFs¥√mw am‰-ß-fmWv kw`-hn-°p-∂-Xv. ” ap-jy-n-ep-≠m-Ip∂am‰-߃ Cß-s-sbm-s°-bm-Wv. Al¥ D≈n¬ kw`-hn-°m≥Hcp smSn-bnS aXn. A[n-I-t-c-sam∂pw th≠. At∏mƒ Ω- 148
  • 149. fnse kz¿§-tØbpw c-ItØbpw krjvSn-°p-hm≥ ΩƒX-s∂- --bmWv Imc-W-°m-c≥. F√m kz¿§hpw c-Ihpw Al-¥m-t_m-[-Øn¬n-∂m-Wv, I¿Xr-Xz-t_m-[-Øn¬n-∂m-Wv apfs]m´p∂Xv.I¿XrXzw Al-¥-bm-Wv. AI¿XrXzw AXm-bXv Rm√ H∂n-t‚bpw I¿Ømhv F∂-dn-bp-∂-XmWv Cu ZpxJ-Øn¬n∂pw hnap-‡-am-Im-p≈ Hcp hgn. At∏mƒ Rm≥ C√ F∂p ]d-bp-tºmƒ]ns∂ BcmWv D≈Xv F∂ tNmZyw hcpw. AXv Cuiz-c≥.Cuiz-c-mWv F√m-‰n-t‚bpw I¿Øm-hv. Cuiz-tc-—-t]m-setbF√mw S-°p-I-bp-≈q. ap°v Hcp tcsØ A∂w In´p-∂p-s≠-¶n¬ B A∂w Cuiz-tc-—-sIm≠v In´p-∂-Xm-Wv. Hmtcm-cp-Ø¿°pw A¿l-am-b-XmWv ChnsS In´n-s°m-≠n-cn-°p-∂-Xv.A¿l-am-b-X-√. AXp-sIm≠v kz¿§--c-I-ßsf ap°v AXn-ew-Ln-°m≥ Ign-b-W-sa-¶n¬ BZyw sNtø-≠Xv I¿Xr-Xz-t_m-[-Øn¬n∂v ]pd-Øp-I-S-°p-I-bm-Wv. o ma-cq]w AXn¬ mm-hn-[-{]-IrXnammbn n∂-dnbpwRmm-bXpw `h-Xn... ‘Rm≥’ F∂p ]d-bnt√ Ωƒ. BcmWoRm≥? B¿°pw henb hy‡-X-sbm-∂p-an√. ‘Rm≥’ F∂p ]d-bp-tºmƒ km[m-cW Bfp-Iƒ hnNm-cn-°p-∂Xv Cu ico-chpwCXnp≈n¬ ÿnXnsNøp∂, Nn¥n-°pIbpw kwibn°pIbpwsNøp∂ a- pw F∂mWvv. C{X-tb-bp≈q ‘Rm≥’. F∂m¬CXn--∏p-dØv Hcp ‘Rmp-’t≠m? AXm¿°pw Adn-bn-√. BcpwAtz-jn-°p-∂Xpan√. AXp-sIm≠v ΩpsS ico-c-Øn-tmSpwa- n-tmSpw tN¿∂v Hcp tI{µsØ D≠m°n B tI{µsØ‘Rm≥’ F∂p k¶- e v ] n®v ]d- b p- t ºmƒ B Rmns{]IrXnam≥ F∂p ]d-bpw. {]Ir-Xn-tbmSp XmZmflys∏´ncn°p∂hy‡nkØ F∂¿∞w. At∏mƒ Hmtcm hy‡n°pw Hmtcm{]IrXnbp≠v. B {]Ir-Xn-tbmSv tN¿∂n-´mWv Hmtcm-cp-ØcpwAh-cpsS hy‡n-XzsØ ImWp-∂Xv. Ah-cpsS {]I-rXn Cu ico-c- Ø n- t mSv tN¿∂n- c n- ° p- ∂ - X m- s W∂pw Cu ico- c - Ø ns‚]cnanXamb AXn¿Øn-Iƒ°p-≈n-emWv Xm≥ Ccn-°p-∂-sX∂pwCu ico-c-Øns‚ AXn¿Øn-Iƒ°-∏p-dØv Ccn-°p∂ Hcmƒthsd Bfm-sW∂pw Hs° A⁄mPyamb {]Ir-Xn-Xm-Zm-flyw-sIm-≠p-≠m-Ip∂ AdnhmWv. AXp-sIm≠v ChnsS ‘Rm≥’Al-¥-tbmSp tN¿∂p-n¬°p∂ Rmm-Wv. Cu Rmm-bXpw 149
  • 150. `h-Xn... Cu Rm≥ Adn-bp-∂-hpw Adn-b-s∏-Sp∂ hkvXp- CutemI-hp-am-Wv. temIw ]pdØpw Rm≥ AI-Øpw. AXp-sIm≠vKpcp-Xs∂ ]d-bp-∂p: AIhpw ]pdhpw Xnßpw aln-am-hm¿∂n≥]Zw, F∂v. ssZhw AIØpw ]pdØpw Xnßn-n¬°p∂p. Fs‚ D≈nepwCcn-°p-∂p ]pdØpw Ccn-°p-∂p. ]pdØp ssZh-an√ F∂pwAIØpam{Xta ssZh-ap≈q F∂pw ]d-bm≥ ]‰n-√. Cn ]pd-Øp-am-{Xta ssZh-ap≈q AI-Øn√ F∂pw ]d-bm≥ ]‰n-√.]e¿°pw Adn-bm-hp∂ c≠p Nn¥m-]-≤-Xn-I-fmWv `uXnI-hm-Zhpw Bflo-b-hm-Z-hpw. CXv ]m›m-Xy-Nn¥ ]cn-N-b-s∏-´n-´p≈Bfp-Iƒ°v ∂mbn a- n-em-Ip∂ Imcy-ß-fm-Wv. Ah¿ `uXn-I-hm-ZsØ sa‰o-cn-b-enkw F∂pw Bflo-b-hm-ZsØ sFUn-b-enkw F∂p-amWv hnfn°p-∂-Xv. Cu c≠p ]Z-߃ ]m›m-Xy-Nn-¥-bn¬ hy‡-am-bn-Øs∂ ng-en-°p-∂p-≠v. Nne¿ ]d-bp-∂Xv:“Cu ImWp∂ temIw am{X-ta-bp-≈q. AXn--∏p-d-tØ°v H∂p-an-√. ImWp∂ temIØv Ωƒ In´m-hp∂ kpJ-ku-I-cy-ß-tfmSv IqSn ]camh[n BµtØmsS Pohn-°p-I.” CXmWv sa‰o-cn-b-en-k-Øns‚ coXn. Cu `uXnIhmZ Nn-¥-tbm-SmWv temI-Ønse ap°m¬ ]-¶n-e-[n-Ihpw apjycpw tN¿∂p-n¬°p-∂-Xv. Nn¥-tbmSv tN¿∂p-n¬°pI F∂p ]d-™m¬ kl-P-ambnΩpsS ico-c-Ønv, As√-¶n¬ A⁄m-w-sIm≠v ΩpsSPohv Hcp Nmbvhv Ft∏mgpw Atßm-´m-Wv. C{µn-b-ßsf ]pd-tØ°p h®n-´mWv PohnIsf krjvSn-®n-cn-°p--∂Xv. A¥-cÿamb Adn-hns IÆp-IfS®v [ymna·ambn - - - - -Adn-bp-tºmgmWv kzcq]t_m[Øn¬ D]ÿnXn In´p∂Xv. Pn-®p-ho-gp∂ Ip™p-߃°v Aßs s]mSp-∂s sNøm≥ Ign-bm-dn-√. Hcp Kpcp-hn-t‚-tbm -ap‡]pcpjt‚tbm kml-N-cy-kw-_-‘w-sIm≠vv Hcphv A¥¿apJX ssIhcp∂p. KpcpapJØpn∂pw tI´dnbp∂XneqsSbmWv Ah-Xv ssIhcn°p∂Xv.]t£, Aßs Hcp Adnhv Ahv In´n-bn-´n-s√-¶ntem? In´n-bn-´n-s√-¶n¬ Ah≥ Cu ImWp-∂-Xn-s-sb√mw kXy-sa∂pIcpXn AXn¬n-∂p-≠m-°m-hp∂ kt¥m-j-ß-tfbpw kpJ-ß-tfbpw Hs° ]c-am-h[n Bhm-ln-s®-SpØv Pohn-°p∂ Hcp km[m-cW Bfm-bnØocpw. 150
  • 151. AXn¬n∂pw hyXy-kvX-am-bn-´mWv Bi-b-hmZn hnNm-cn-°p-∂-Xv. Cß-s-sbm-∂p-a-√, Cu ImWp∂ temI-sams° Fs‚D≈n¬ Ccn-°p∂ Hcp Bibw am{X-am-Wv. A√msX CXn-smcphmkvX-hn-I-Xbpw C√. CsXms° shdp-samcp tXm∂¬ am{X-amWv. PohnXw Hcp k¶-ev]w am-{XamsW-∂p- hfsc cqV-aq-e-am-bn-Øs∂ hniz-kn-°p-∂- Ch-sc-bmWv sFUn-b-en-Ãp-Iƒ F∂p]d-bp-∂-Xv. CXns kw_-‘n®v ]m›m-Xy-cn¬ hfsc X¿°-ß-fp-≠v. AXv n߃ ]m›m-Xy-Z¿iw ]cn-N-b-s∏-Sp-tºmƒAdn-bm-m-Ipw. CXns‚ c≠n-t‚bpw ]n∂n¬ {]h¿Øn-®n-´p≈c≠p {Ko°v Nn¥- I - c p≠v . BflobhmZØns‚ ]n∂n¬{]h¿Øn® tπt‰mbpw `uXnIhmZØns‚ ]n∂n¬ {]h¿Øn®Acn-tÃm-´n-epw. C¥y-bn-ep--≠m-bn-cp∂ Nm¿hm-I≥ F∂ Ejn-bmWv `uXn-I-hm-Z-Øns‚ D]⁄mXmhmbn ChnsS Ccn-°p-∂-Xv. {Ko°p Nn¥-bn¬ `uXn-I-hmZw Iptd-°qSn i‡-am-bn h∂n-´p≈Xv F∏n-°yq-dkv F∂ Hcp Nn¥-I-nem-Wv. AhsmcpF∏n°yqdnbmWv F∂p ]d-™m¬ ]camh[n Xn-∂p-kp-Jn®pPohn-°p∂ Hcmƒ F∂m-W¿∞w. Ahs‚ Xo‰ Xo¿∂m¬ thsdBcp-sS-sb-¶n-epw-IqSn In´m-pt≠m F∂p tm°p-Ibpw sNøpw.AXp-sIm-≠mWv Cu `uXn-I-hn-`-h-ß-sfms° C{X-am{Xw Hmtcm-cp-Øcpw kam-l-cn-°m≥ XpS-ßn-b-Xv. F∂m¬ Ejn Aß-s-b√ ]d-bp-∂Xv: Cuim-hmkyw CZw -k¿∆w˛Cui≥ PK-Øn-se√mw Bh-kn-°p-∂p. AXp-sIm≠v ap‡-mbn Ncn°pI. Bin-°cp-Xm-cp-tSbpw [w. Cuizc≥ tΩmSp -]dbp∂Xv, n-°p-th-≠p-∂-sX√mw ns‚ apºn-te°v Rm≥sIm≠pX-cp-∂p-≠v. o H∂pw kz¥-am-°n-hbvt°≠ Bh-iy-an√. -o kz¥-am°n hbv°p-∂sX√mw Hcp smSn-bn-Sbn¬ XI¿Øp- - -I-fbm-p≈ i‡n Fs‚ ssIbn-ep≠v. o F¥p-sIm-≠v F∂n- -te°p hcp-∂n-√? Fs∂ hniz-kn-°p-∂n-√? BIm-iØn¬ ]d-°p∂ ]d-hIsf-t∏m-se-bmWv ssZh-Øn¬ - - -]q¿Æm¿∏n-Xambn Pohn-°p∂ ap-jy-s-∂v tbip ]d-bp∂ Hcp -D]-abp≠v. F¥p-sIm-≠mWv Aßs BIm-iØnse ]d-hI-- -sf-°p-dn®v ]d-bp-∂Xv? Ah hnX-bv°p-∂n-√, sImøp-∂n-√, If-∏p- -c-Ifn¬ tiJ-cn-®p-hb°p-∂n-√. F∂n´pw AhcpsS ]nXmhv Ah¿°p - - v 151
  • 152. th≠p-∂sX√mw aq∂pw mepw A©pw Bdpw tcw Ahs‚ -ap∂n-te°v FØn-®p-sIm-Sp-°p-∂n-t√? “o F¥v DSp-°p-sa∂p hnNm-cn-®n-´mtWm o ZpxJn-°p-∂Xv? F¶n¬ o hb-ense en√n-s®-Sn-Isf tm°p-hn≥. tkmf-as‚ Ip∏m-btØ-°mƒ atm-lcamb - - - -hkv{X-ßft√ B en√n-s®-Sn-Iƒ AWn-™n-cn-°p-∂X.v ” - Cßs tNmZn-°p-tºmƒ ssZhsØ Ft∏mgpw ΩpsS Pohn-X-Øn¬ ΩpsS Bh-iy-ßsf nd-th-‰p∂ Hcp i‡n-bm-bn a- n-em-°-Ww. Cu hnizmkw jvS-s∏-´-Xp-sIm-≠mWv C∂ptemIØv F√m {]iv-ßfpw k¶o¿Æ-X-Ifpw D≠m-bn-cn-°p-∂-Xv. hnizmkw am{Xa√ ssZhw. Hc-p-`hw Xs∂-bm-W-Xv. mev]Xpw AºXpw Adp-]Xpw Fgp-]Xpw hb- p≈ Bfp-Iƒ ChnsS D≠m-bn-cn-°mw. Fs∂-¶nepw Ah-cpsS Pohn-XØn¬ -Hcp-t-csØ-sb-¶nepw A∂w In´m-Xn-cp-∂n-´pt≠m? Fgp-]Xp hb- - p≈ Hcmƒ F{X Znh-k߃ Pohn-®n-´p-≠m-bn-cn-°Ww. Ccp-]- - -Øøm-bncw Znh-kßsf-¶nepw Pohn-®n-´p≠mbncn °Ww. Ccp-]- - -Øøm-bncw Znh-k߃ Pohn-®n´pw Hcp Znh-kw-t]mepw Hcp-t- -csØ A∂w Abmƒ°v In´m-Xn-cp-∂n-´n-√. F∂n´pw Abmƒ°vssZhmp`hw D≠mbn´n√. Ct∏mgpw AbmfpsS D≈nsektµlw msf Rm≥ F¥p Ign°pw F∂pff-Xn-s-∏‰n-bm-Wv. -Cu ktµlw a- n¬n∂p t]mI-Wsa-¶n¬ ⁄m-ap-≠mI- -Ww. ssZh-Øns‚ i‡n-sb-°p-dn®v Adn-hp-≠mIWw. ssZh-Øns‚ ⁄m-sØ-°p-dn®v Adn-hp-≠m-IWw. Cu Adnhv D≠m- -Ip-tºm-gmWv B ktµlw t]mhp-Ibp-≈q. - `K-hm≥ IrjvW≥ ]d-bp-∂-Xv; kwi-bmflm hn-iyXn F∂m-Wv. kwibw D≈n-ep≈ Hcmƒ°v miap≠mIp∂p. {i≤m-hm≥e`tX ⁄mw˛{i≤-bp-≈-hv ⁄mw e`n-°p-∂p. {i≤ F∂hm°mWv `K-hm≥ D]-tbm-Kn-°p-∂-Xv. hnizmkw F∂Xv Hcp]m›m-Xy- {]tbmKamWv. F∂m¬ D]-n-jØp ]d-bp-∂p, {i≤-bp-s≠-¶n¬ ⁄mw D≠m-Ipw. {i≤-bn-√m-Ø-Xp-sIm-≠mWvap°v msf-sb-∏-‰n-bp-ff Bi¶ D≠m-Ip-∂-Xv. {i≤ h∂p-I-gn-™m¬ Ahs‚ PohnXw tm°n-bm¬ Adn-bmw. {i≤-bp≈Hcp-h≥ C∂n-emWv Pohn-°p-I. Ah≥ C∂ns‚ B-µ-Øn¬C∂ns‚ Xn-abn¬ Cu nan-jØn-em-bn-cn°pw Pohn-°p-I. kwi- - - 152
  • 153. b-ap-≈-h≥ msf-bn¬ Pohn-°m≥ B{K-ln-°pw. C∂p apgp-h≥Ah≥ mtf-°p-th≠n Icp-∏n-Sn-∏n-°m≥ {ian-°p∂ Hcp `b-¶-c-]-cn-{i-an-bm-bn-cn-°pw. {i≤-bp≈-h-tm, Ah≥ hfsc Ab-Xv-e-fn-X-am-bn C∂ns‚ Cu nan-jØn¬ ]q¿Æ-mbn, Cu nan-j-Øn¬ Ba-·-mbn Ime-tZ-i-t_m-[-an-√msX Pohn-°p∂p. Ime-tZ-i_m[nXa√mØ AΩ-sb-°p-dn®v ]d-™p. Imem-Zn-bmb arZp-q-emse søp-samcp eoem-]Sw `h-Xn -sabvtaemsIaqSpw. `h-Xn°v Ime-tZ-i-ß-fn-s√-¶nepw `hXn ico-c-Øn¬ Ime-tZ-iw-sIm≠v n¿ΩnXamb Hcp ]pSh Np‰n-bn-´p-≠v. AXp-sIm≠v`hXn Ime-tZ-im-Xo-X-am-sW-¶nepw `h-Xn-bpsS ]pS-h-bn-emWvF√m-hcpw IÆpw-´n-cn-°p-∂Xv. Ime-tZ-im-Xo-Xambn ChnsS Cu - - -nan-jØn¬ ap°v ΩpsS apgp-h≥ t_m[-tØbpw sIm≠p-h- -cm≥ Ign-bp-Ibm-sW-¶n¬ AXn-s-bmWv nXyX F∂p ]d-bp- -∂-Xv. Cu nan-j-Øn¬ ΩpsS a v ]q¿Æ-am-bn-cn-°p-∂-Xm-Wp nXyX. C∂-se-bn-tet°m msf-bn-tet°m Nm©m-SmsXa- n-s Hcp tI{µ-Ønte°,v Hcp _nµp-hn-te°v Bhm-ln-®p-sIm-≠ph∂v AXns AhnsS Cf-ImsX n¿Ø-Ww. Aßsndhp≈ nan-jßfpsS At-In-an-j߃ tN¿∂n-´mWv Hcp - - - -PohnXw D≠m-Ip-∂-Xv. Ft∏mgpw F√m-h¿°pw Cu nanjwam{Xta D≈q. msfsb°pdn®v Nn¥n-°p-tºmƒ ap°v Cunanjw jvSs∏-´p-t]m-Ipw. ChnsS Ct∏mƒ ]q¿Æm¿∏-WtØm- - -Sp-IqSn {i≤tbmsS Pohnbv°ptºmƒ n߃ Aar-Xcm-Wv. Cu -nan-jØn¬ n߃°p ac-Wan-√. Ft∏m-gmWv Ω-fn¬ acWw - -kw`-hn-°p-∂Xv? Ft∏mƒ Cu nan-jØn¬n∂v a- ns am‰p- - -∂pthm At∏mƒ arXyp-hn-te°p IS-°p-∂p. ac-Wt_m-[Øn-te°p - -IS-°p-∂p. AXp-sIm-≠v Cu nan-jØns‚ [y-Xbn¬ Ccn-°m≥ - -Ign-bp-Ibm-sW-¶n¬ icocw jvSs∏-Sp-tºmgpw n߃ acn-°p- - -∂n√. AXmWv Hcp Ejn kam-[n-bm-Ip-Ibpw km[m-c-W-°m¿acn-®p-t]m-hp-Ibpw sNøp∂p F∂p ]d-bm≥ Imc-Ww. Hcp Ejn C∂ns‚, Cu nan-j-Øns‚ ]q¿Æ-X-bn¬ Ccn-°p∂ ka-bØv Ejn-bpsS icocw Ne--a‰p t]mbmepw Ejn°vXm≥ acn®p F∂p≈ Adnhv D≠m-Ip-∂n-√. AXp-sIm≠v AXnskam[n F∂p ]d-bpw. ka-am-bn-cn-°p∂ [o. [o F∂p ]d-™m¬Adn-hv ˛ _p≤n. AXv ka-am-bn-cn-°p-I-bm-Wv. ]t£, km[m- 153
  • 154. cW ap- j ys kw_- ‘ n- ® n- S - t Ømfw B _p≤n°v HcpNm©m´w D≠m-bn-cn-°pw. Abmƒ ]dbpw: “Rm≥ acn-°m≥t]mhp-I-bm-Wt√m Rm≥ acn-®p-I-gn-™m¬ Fs‚ `mcy-tbbpwIp™p-ß-tfbpw Bcp tm°pw.?” Rm≥ acn-®p-t]m-bm¬ Fs‚_m¶v sUt∏m-kn‰v Cnbpw Iptd _m°n-bp-≠t√m. H∂pw Rm≥ -Ap-`-hn-°msX FSp-Øp-h-®-Xm-Wv. ]Øp-ap-∏Xp h¿jw Rm≥]Wn-sb-SpØp kºm-Zn® ]W-sa√mw _m¶n¬ InS-°p-I-bm-Wv.Fs∂-¶nepw kpJn-°m-sa∂p hnNm-cn-®mWv AsX-Sp-Øp-h-®-Xv.]t£, Fs‚ BtcmKyw £bn-°m≥ XpS-ßn. Fn°v ]©-kmc Iq´n Hcp Nmb IpSn°m≥t]mepw Ign-bp-∂n-√. {]j¿ h∂p.AXp-sIm≠v D∏p-Iq-´n H∂pw Ign°m≥ ]‰p-∂n-√. At∏mƒ Hcn-°¬ kpJn-°m-sat∂m Ap-`-hn-°m-sat∂mhnNm-cn®v D≠m-°n-b-sXms° ]n∂oSv hcp-tºmƒ kpJn-°m≥Ign-bmØ Ah-ÿ-bn-te°p t]mIp-∂p. AXp-sIm≠v Pohn-X-Øn¬ ac-W-sØ-°p-dnt®m Bbp- n-s-°p-dnt®m D≈ thh-em-Xn-Iƒ If-bpI. Btcm-Ky-kw-_-‘-amb thh-em-Xn-Ifpw If-bp-I. C{X-Imew Pohn-°-W-sa∂v F-¥np B{K-ln-°p-∂p? F{X-Imew Pohn-®m-se-¥m? n߃°v Hcp qdp hb- p -In-´n-bm¬F¥mWv {]tbmPw? qdp-h-b- p-sIm≠pw Hcp Znhkw mtemAt©m tcw im∏mSv ASn-°m-sa-∂-√msX AXn¬°q-Sp-X¬ap-jyv F¥v sNøm≥ Ign-bp-∂p? AXp-h-®p-tm-°p-tºmƒmw Btcm-Ky-kw-_-‘n-bmtbm a ns kw_-‘n-®tXm Bbthh-em-Xn-I-fn¬n∂v ap‡-am-Ip-tºmƒXs∂ ΩpsS {]iv-ß-fn¬n∂v Ωƒ ]pd-Øp-I-S-∂p. tl, mZ-cq-]nWn. o mZ-cq-]n-Wn-bm-Wv. Atlm! mSIwnJn-e-hpw. F√mw Hcp mS-I-am-Wv. mZ-cq-]nWn F∂p hnfn-°p-tºmƒ hfsc kwKo-Xm-fl-I-am-bn-cn-°p∂ Hcp Ap-`-h-amWvΩpsS D≈n¬ D≠m-Ip-∂-Xv. AΩ mZ-am-Wv. Fs∂-¶nepwΩpsS AΩ-bpsS apJØp tm°n- ap°v ]d-bmmIptam AΩHcp kwKo-X-am-sW-∂v. Aßs ]d-bm≥ ]e¿°pw Ignbmdn√.Imc-W-sa-¥mWv? AΩ F∂p≈ Ap-`hw ΩpsS D≈n-te°pIS-∂p-h-cp-∂Xv ]e¿°pw ]e-X-c-Øn-em-Wv. F∂m¬ bYm¿∞-Øn-ep≈ AΩ-bpsS kzcq]w mZ-cq-]-amWv. F√m i_vZ-ßfpwD≠m-Ip-∂Xv c≠p hkvXp-°-fpsS Iq´nbSn-°-en¬n-∂m-Wv. Cu 154
  • 155. tai-∏p-dØv Cßs ASn-®m¬ am{X-amWv i_vZ-ap-≠m-Ip-∂-Xv.As√-¶n¬ i_vZw D≠m-hpIbn√. F∂m¬ mZw Aßs D≠m-Ip- ∂ - X √. i_v Z - ß - s f√mw Ne- - Ø n¬nt∂m, L¿j- W -Øn¬nt∂m, kwL´- Ø n¬nt∂m BWv D≠m- I p- ∂ - X v .New Iq´n-b-Sn-°-en¬n-∂mWv D≠m-Ip-∂-Xv. c≠p ssIIƒIq´n-b-Sn-®m¬ am{Xta i_vZw D≠m-hp-I-bp-≈q. F∂m¬ mZwD≠m-Ip-∂Xv Aß-s-b-√. mZw H∂n¬n∂v D≠m-Ip-∂-Xm-Wv . kØ H∂mbncn°p∂Xn¬n∂v . AXp- s Im≠v sk≥Kpcp°∑m¿ injy-∑m-tcmSp ]dbpw, Hcp ssIbSn i_vZw oD≠m°q F∂v. CXneqsS Hcp tNmZyw Ah-cpsS ap∂n-te°vC´p-sIm-Sp-°p-I-bm-Wv. Hcp ssIsIm-≠v i_vZ-ap-≠m°q F∂p]d-bp-tºmƒ Ah¿°Xp a- n-em-Ip-∂n-√. Ft∏mƒ ΩpsS D≈n¬ i_vZ-߃ ne-°p-Ibpw mZwPn-°p-Ibpw sNøp-∂pthm A∂p-am-{X-amWv ap°v Pohn-X-Øns‚ kpXm-cy-Xbpw B-µhpw Ap-`-h-am-hp-I-bp-≈q. AXp-sIm- ≠ mWv B Ap- ` - h sØ hniz- P - - n- b mb AΩ- t bmSvtN¿Øp-h-®p-]-d-bp-∂-Xv. o mZ-cq-]n-Wn-bm-Wv F∂v. hen-b-h-enb kwKo-X-hn-Zzm-∑m-scms° mZm-p-k-‘mw sNøp-∂-h-cm-Wv. Bflm-p-k-‘mw Xs∂-bmWv mZm-p-k-‘m-w. Ωƒ{]m¿∞ XpS-ßp-∂-Xn-p-apºv Hmw F∂p sNm√p-∂p. Hmw F∂psNm√p-tºmƒ Hcp mZw AXns‚ D≈nep≠v. Cu mZw Ω-psSlrZ-bØns‚ XpSn-∏p-ambn hfsc _‘-s∏-´p-In-S°p-Ibm-Wv. Cu - - -mZw-Xs∂ Ω-psS c‡-Nw-{I-aW hyh-ÿ-bp-ambn CWßnt®¿∂ncn°pIbmWv. AXp-sIm≠v i_vZ-Ønv Ω-psS Pohn-XsØ nb-{¥n-°m≥hen-sbmcp i‡n-bp-≠v. kwKoXw D]-tbmKn®v amp-Isf hio-I-cn-°m≥ Ign-bp-sa-∂mWv ]d-bp-∂-Xv. AXp ap°p Xs∂ Adn-bm-hp-∂-Xm-Wv. Nne Bfp-Iƒ aIpSn DuXn- ]mºp-Isf Nen-∏n-°p-∂Xv ImWm-dp-≠v. AXv aIp-Sn-bpsS New sIm≠m-sW∂pw]mºp-Iƒ°v i_vZw tIƒ°m≥ Ign-bn√ F∂pw ]d-bp-∂p-s≠-¶nepw Nne Iº--߃ Ahbv°v a- n-em-°m≥ Ign-bp-∂p-≠v.AXp-t]mse Ω-fpw √ kwKoXw tIƒ°p∂ ka-bØv a-s √mw XWpØv Hcp {]tXyI Ah-ÿ-bn-te°p t]mIp-∂XvImWmw. CXns atm-ebw F∂mWv ]d-bpI. hfsc tZyjy- 155
  • 156. s∏´v Cu¿jytbmSp IqSn Ccn-°p∂ ka-b-Ømbn-cn°pw Hcp√ kwKoXw ΩpsS sNhn-bn-te°p hcp-∂-Xv. DS-Sn ΩpsSa- n¬ D≠m-bn-cp∂ {]iv-ß-sfms° t]mbn. lm! kuay-amb kwKoXw F∂p ]d™v a v im¥-am-Ip-∂p. AßscmK-߃°pw Xmf-߃°pw a- ns kzm[o-n-°p-hm≥ Ign-bp-∂p-. CXn¬n∂pw kwKoXw ΩpsS D≈n¬ ssk¿KnI-ambn ÿnXn sNøp-∂ps≠∂mWv a- n-em-t°-≠-Xv. Ct∏mƒ Aß-s-sbmcp imkv{XimJ Xs∂ hnI-kn®p hcp-∂p-≠v. ayqknIv sXmdm-∏n. ayqknIv D]-tbm-Kn-®p tcmK-ßsfNnIn¬kn-®p t`Zam°m≥ Ignbpw. hfsc t{ImWn-°m-bn-cn-°p∂Nne tcmK-ßsf kwKo-Xw-sIm≠p NnIn¬kn-°m≥ Ignbpw.AXn-p-≈ i‡n Nne cmK-߃°p≠v. AIv_dpsS kZ- nsekwKoX hnZzm-m-bn-cp∂ Xm≥tk≥ taL-a¬lm¿ F∂ cmKw]mSn- ag s]øn-®p. Zo]Iv cmKw ]mSn At±lw hnf°v IØn®p.kwKoXØns‚ km[y- X - I - s f- ° p- d n®v ]d- b p- t ºmƒ ap°vA¤pXw tXm∂mw. i_vZØn-s‚ mZ-`q-an-bn-te°v FØn-t®¿∂ -mZtbmKnIƒ°v B i‡n-bp-s≠-∂p≈ Imcy-Øn¬ ehteiwkwiban√. ]t£, AØ-c-Øn-ep-s≈mcp mZ-`q-an-I-bn-te°vFØn-t®¿∂n-´p≈ tbmKn-Iƒ C∂v hf-sc-°p-d-hmWv. Ω-psSknnam-Km--ßfpw D]I-cW kwKo-X-ßfpw shdpw tImem-lewam{X-am-sW∂p Xncn-®-dn-tb-≠n-bn-cn-°p-∂p. kwKoXamsW∂psΩ tXm∂n-∏n-°p-∂-tX-bp-≈q. AXn¬ kwKo-X-an-√. AXn¬mZ-cq-]n-Wn-bn-√. kwKoXw mZ-cq-]n-Wn-bn-tebv°p hcWw.AXmWp th≠-Xv. PohnXw Hcp mS-I-amWv. mSIw F∂p ]d-™m¬ ck-Ic-am-b Ap-`-hw. hfsc ck-I-c-am-b Hcm-›-cy-amWv Pohn-Xw. Pohn-X-Øn¬ Cu B›cyw Ft∏mgpw nd-™n-cn-°Ww. B›-cy-hXv ]iyXn I›n-tZ-w. AXv `K-hm≥ IrjvW≥ A¿Pp--tmSv]d™p sImSp-ØXm-Wv. Hcp-h≥ PohnXsØ B›-cy-am-bnImWp-I-bm-Wv. thsdm-cmƒ B›-cy-am-bn tIƒ°p-∂p. ]d-™mepw tI´mepw I≠mepw Cu B›cyw Ah-km-n-°p-∂n-√. Bflm-hns‚ B›cyw Aß-s-bp-≈Xm-Wv. AXp-sIm≠mWv -Kpcp ]d-bp-∂Xv PohnXw Hcp mS-I-am-sW-∂v. B mS-I-Øn¬n߃ CSbv°v Icbpw CSbv°v Nncn-°pw. 156
  • 157. mcm-bW Kpcp-hnv sNdp-∏-Øn¬ hfsc A¤pXw tXm∂n-bn-´p≈ Hcp Imcyap≠v. Xs‚ ASpØ Hcp _‘p acn®p. Bho´n-tebv°v sN∂-t∏mƒ Ahn-sS-bp≈ Bfp-I-sf√mw acn-®n-cn-°p∂ hy‡n-bpsS PUØnp Np‰pw IqSn-bn-cp∂v s©-Ø-Sn®p Ic-bp-Ibm-Wv. At∏mƒ Kpcp hnNmcn-®p: “F¥n-mWv Ch¿ -C{X Ae-ap-d-bn´v Ic-bp-∂Xv? Ch-cpsS Pohn-X-Øn¬ Cn CuZpxJw amdp-I-bnt√?” Kpcp Ch-cpsS ZpxJw I≠n´v hnP--X-bn¬t]mbn [ymn-®n-cp-∂p. A∂v Kpcphnv sNdp-∏-am-bn-cp-∂p.Ft´m HºtXm hb- p-am-{Xw {]mbw. c≠p-aq∂p-Zn-hkw Ign™vKpcp Cu ho´n-te°p h∂-t∏mƒ Ahsc-√m-hcpw Ifn-X-am-i-Iƒ]d-™n-cn-°p-∂p. B acn® hy‡n-bpsS icocw IØn-®p-If™n´vAh¿ Imb hdp-Ø-sXms° Xn∂v Xami ]d-™n-cn-°p-I-bm-Wv. At∏mƒ Kpcp hnNm-cn-®p: “Fs¥mcp adn-ambw. Cu temIw.shdp-samcp Xam-i. ac-Wsa-∂sXmcp Xam-i, Bfp-IfpsS PohnXw - - -Hcp Xam-i.” AXp-t]m-se-bmWv Kpcp ChnsS ]d-bp-∂Xv: Atlm!mSIw nJn-e-hpw. 157
  • 158. Ggv F≥ ]m-]-sa-bvhXn-sm-c-ºm-bn-Sp-∂-dnhp n≥ ]mZ-Xm-cn-se-gp-sa˛ ∂≥]mWp au¿hnsbm-cn-cpºmw aw [p-c˛ lw`m-hn-bmWp hnP-bo. Aw_m Xcp∂p hnPbw ]m]-]-¶n-e-a˛ lw `m--am-Ip-a-Xn-m¬ h≥ `m-c-am¿∂ Xphpw `m-am-ap-e-I˛ hpw `m-am-Ip-a-Jn-ew.F≥ ]m]sabvhXnv ˛ Fs‚ ]m]I¿Ωßsf `RvPn°p∂XnvHcºmbnSp∂p Adnhv ˛ Adnhv Hcºmbn h¿Øn°p∂p.n≥]mZXmcn¬ Fgpw ˛ ns‚ ]mZIaeØnep≈F≥ A≥]mWp au¿hn˛ Fs‚ `‡nbmWv RmWmbncn°p∂Xv.Hcncpºmw aw [p ˛ Ccpºpt]mse Dd∏p≈ a mWv hn√v.Alw`mhnbmWp ˛ Bfl`mhsØ [ymn°p∂h≥hnPbo ˛ PohnXhnPbw tSp∂p.Aw_m Xcp∂p hnPbw ˛ hnPbw Xcp∂Xv AΩbmWv.]m]]¶new ˛ A⁄mw ]pc≠Alw`mamIpw ˛ ‘Rm≥’Adnhns‚ {]Imiambn amdpwAXnm¬ ˛ Rm≥ {]Imin®m¬h≥ `mcam¿∂ Xphpw ˛ henbXpw `mctadnbXpamb Cu icocw`mamw ˛ {]Imikzcq]ambn amdpwAJnew DeIhpw ˛ F√m ZriytemIhpw`mamIpw ˛ At∏mƒ {]Imi]qcnXamIpw. 158
  • 159. ]m]Øns‚ Zm¿inIX F ≥ ]m]w FbvhXnv Hcp Aºm-bn-Sp∂p Adn-h.v Fs‚]m]sØ FbvXp `RvPn°phm≥ Hcp Aºm-bn- Adn-hv amdp∂p.Aºv Hcp Bbp[hpw D]m-bhpam-W.v ]m]w I¿ΩkwLmXamWv. -ΩpsSsb√mw P∑w {]mc-_v[-I¿Ωß-fn¬n-∂mWv. P∑-sa-Sp-°p∂Xnv An-hm-cy-am-b Nne i‡n-tNm-ZIƒ ΩpsS ]n∂n- - -ep-≠.v I¿Ωw Du¿÷k©bamWv. AsXms° Ωƒ Pohn-®p-Xo¿°-Ww. Cu icocw F¥np-≠mbn? I¿ΩtimjWØnpwhmkm£bØnpw th≠nbmWv. Cu ico-cØnv Pohn-°m≥ -AXns‚-bp-≈n¬Xs∂ C‘-ap-≠v. Hcp {]tXyI Afhv C‘w -D≈n¬ h®n-´mWv Cu icocw Ctßm´p hcp-∂-Xv. A√msXFs∂∂pw C‘w nd®p Pohn-t°-≠n-hcn-Ibm-sW-¶n¬ Imin- - -√m-Øh≥ thKw acn-®p-t]m-Ipw. ]t£, C‘w ASn-°m-sX-Xs∂ -Bh-iy-Ønv C-‘w Cu icocØnp≈nep≠v. AXns hmkF∂p ]d-bpw. hmk Poh-tNm-Zbm-W.v Cu C‘-an-s√-¶n¬ - -F{X `£Ww Ign-®mepw Pohn-°n-√. AXp-sIm-≠v C‘w IØn]pd-Øp-t]m-tI≠Xp≠v. AXp IØn ]pd-Øp-t]m-I-W-sa-¶n¬Ωƒ I¿Ω-߃ sNø-Ww. AXn-mWv ssIbpw Imepw mhpwD]-ÿhpw ]mbphpw Hs° X∂n-cn-°p-∂Xv. - sIm®p-Ip-´n-Iƒ FWo-‰p-S°m≥ XpS-ßp-∂Xn-p-ap-ºp-Xs∂ - - -IpXnbv°mpw Xp≈mpw XpS-ßpw. Ipd-®p-IqSn Ign-™m¬ Ah¿ASn-°mpw CSn-°mpw XpS-ßpw. ssIsIm≠v sNøm-hp-∂XpwImep-sIm-≠v sNøm-hp-∂Xpsams° Ah¿ sNøpw. Ah¿°v AS-ßn-sbm-Xpßn Ccn-°m≥ ]‰p-∂n-√. F√m Ip´n-Ifpw NmSn-Øp≈nS-°p-∂hcm-W.v Imc-Wsa¥mWv? Ah-cpsS D≈n¬ C‘w Ccn- - -°p-IbmWv. CXp-I≠n´v aqVcmb Nne ax-im-k{X-⁄∑m¿ ]d- - - v -bpw, B Ip´n ssl∏¿ BIvSo-hm-sW-∂.v Ip´nIƒ n›eamIWsa∂p iTn°p∂Xv ΩpsS kuIcyØnp th≠nbmWv. AXv]m]Øns‚ Zm¿inIX 159
  • 160. D]t`mKkwkvImcØns‚ Hcp A`n{]mbamWv. Ip´n°v NmSn-tbmSn Ifn-°t≠? Ip´n°v HmSn-°fn-°Ww. ax-im-kv{X-⁄≥ - - -Itk-c-bn¬ Ibdn Ccn-°p-∂-Xp-t]mse Hcp Ip´n Itk-c-bn¬Ibdn Ccn-°Ww F∂mWv Abmƒ ]d-bp-∂-Xv. F√m Ip´n-I-fnepw Hcp-]mSv C‘ap≠v. AXv IØn-Øo-cWsa-¶n¬ B Ip´n - -BIvSo-hm-IWw. AXp-sIm≠v B Ip´nsb ]nSn®v Hcn-°epw Hcp -ax-im-kv{X-⁄s‚ Itk-cbn¬ Ccp-Øcp-Xv. ssl∏¿ BIvSo- - -sh∂p ap{Z-IpØn Ahs‚ D≈n¬ ]m]sØ D≠m-°-cp-Xv.AXmWv ]d-bp-∂Xv: F≥]m-]sa-bvhXnv Hc-ºm-bn-Sp-∂dn-hv.... - - I¿Ωw sNøp-tºmƒ Nne Imcy-߃ {i≤n-t°-≠-Xp-≠v.shdptX I¿Ωw sNbvXm¬ ho≠pw ΩpsS D≈nse I¿ΩhmkIqSpItbbp≈q. Hcp {]tXyI Afhv C‘-hpam-bn Ωƒ Pohn-°m≥ hcn-Ibpw Pohn-®p-t]m-Ip-tºmƒ ho≠pw ho≠pw Sm¶v nd-™p- s Im- ≠ n- c n- ° p- I bpw sNøp- I - b m- s W- ¶ ntem? Aßsh∂m¬ ho≠pw ho≠pw Pn-°-Ww. AXn-p-th-≠n-bmWv Ω-fpsS I¿Ω-Øns‚ ]n∂n¬ Ccn-°p∂ C‘-sØ ˛ hmk--Isf ]pd-tØ°p If-tb≠ tbmKPohnXw a nemt°≠nhcp∂Xv. Cu C‘--am-Ip∂ hmk--sb If-™n-s√-¶n¬ P--a-c-W-ß-fn-eqsS ZpxJ-ßfpw kpJ-ßfpw _‘--ßfpw Hs°Ap-`hn-°m≥ CS-hcp∂p. `uXn-Iho-£WØn¬ tm°p-tºmƒ - - - - -PohnXw acn-°p-∂Xn-t-°mƒ kpJ-Icam-sW∂v F√m-hcpw hnNm- -cn-°p-∂p-≠v. ]t£, Aev]w B≤ym-fln-I-_p-≤n D≈n¬ D≠m-bn-°-g-n-™m¬ Cu Pohn-X-Øn¬ ZpxJhpw _‘hpw am{X-ta-bp-≈q F∂p ImWmmIpw. Hcp-X-c-Ønepw ap°v imco-cn-I-hpw B¥cnIhp-amb kzmX-{¥yw C√. D≈n¬ Ft∏mgpw “Rm≥Rm≥” F∂ `mhw. AsXm∂p amdp-∂-tX-bn-√. AsX-t∏mgpwsΩ ho¿∏p-ap-´n-®p-sIm-t≠-bn-cn-°p∂p. AXp-sIm-≠v Hcp Pn⁄mkp F∂pw B{K-ln-°p-∂Xv Cu _‘--Øn¬n∂pw ]pd-Øp-IS°m-m-W.v _‘-Øn¬n∂pw ]pd-Øp- - - -IS°W-sa-¶n¬ Hcp am¿§w Kpcp ]d-™p-Xcp-∂Xv Cß-s-bmWv: -‘Adn-hn¬ S-°p∂ Cu hrØnIsfm∂pw Ft‚-Xm-bn Adn-bm≥]mSn-√.’ Kpcp-hns‚ Hcp {]tXyI kw⁄-bmWv Adn-h.v CXp Ω-fpsS km[m-cW Adn-h√. CXv Iznkv a’cØn¬ tNmZn-°p∂ -Adn-h-√. Adnhv F∂m¬ ssZhw. Adnhv F∂m¬ Bflm-hv. 160
  • 161. Cßs Ft∏mgpw a- n-em-°Ww. mcm-bWKpcp ‘Adn-sh’∂p - - -]d-™m¬ AXv km[m-cW Adn-h√. AXv henb Hc-dn-hm-Wv. - “Adn-hn-ep-ta-dn-b-dn-™n-Sp-∂-h≥ X≥ Dcp-hn-ep-samØp ]pd-Øp-ap-÷zen°pw I-cp-hnp IÆp-I-f-©p-ap-≈-S°n sXcp-sXsc hoWp hW-ßn-tbm-Xn-tS-Ww.” Btflm-]tZ-iiXIØn¬ Adn-hnepw Gdn Adn-™n-Sp∂ Cu - - - - -Adn-hn-s-°p-dn-®mWv ]d-bp-∂-Xv. CXv ap‡n-k-µm-b-I-am-b Adn-hm-Wv. Cu Adn-hns B{i-bn-®psIm≠v Cu Adn-hn¬ S-°p∂ {Inb-I-fmWv F√mw F∂-dn™v Pohn-°p-tºmƒ Pohn-X-Ønse ]m]-ß-sf√mw AXm-bXv I¿Ω-`m-WvU-ß-sf√mw Hgn-s™m-gn™v mw hnip-≤cmbn-s°m-≠n-cn-°pw. PohnXw apgphpw -NnØ-ip-≤o-I-c-W-Ønp≈ Hcp AhkcamWv. NnØ-ip-≤o-I-c-Wm¿∞-amWv Ωƒ Pohn-t°-≠Xv. NnØ-ip≤n F∂p ]d-™m¬ -D≈n¬n∂v Cu I¿Ω-ß-fp-sS, tNmZ--I-fpsS sI´p-Iƒ Agn-®-gn®p If-bp-I F∂mWv. ]m›m-Xy¿°v CXn-s-°p-dn®v Hcp sNdnb [mc-W- D≠m-bn-cp-∂p. AXp-sIm-≠mWv Acn-kvt‰m-´n¬ ]d-bp-∂Xv ip≤oIcWw(catharsis) D≠m-I-W-sa-∂v. IYm¿knkv B¥cnIamb ip≤o-I-c-WamWv. F{Xtbm P∑-ß-fn-eq-sS-bmWv Cu icocw Ctßm´vHgp-In-sb-Øn-bn-cn-°p-∂-Xv. tKmapJn¬n∂v KwK D¤-hn-°p-∂Xvkv^Sn-Ik¶m-iam-b Pe-am-bn-´m-W.v I¬°-´bntem hmcWmknbntem - - -thsd GsX-¶nepw L´-Øntem t]mbn KwKsb ImWp-I-bm-sW-¶n¬ Ie-ßn-a-dn™v IpØn-sbm-en®v F√m amen-y-ß-fpw-sIm-≠v AXp hcp∂Xp ImWmw. F∂m¬ IS-en¬ t]mbntNcp- t ºmƒ IS¬ ]ns∂ AXns ip≤o- I - c n- ® p- s Im- ≈ pw.At∏mƒ D¤-hn-°p-∂n-SØv hnip-≤-am-bn-cn-°pbpw Ipd-®p-ImewHgp-In-s°m-≠n-cn-°p-tºmƒ F√m amen-y-ß-tfbpw AXv H∏n-sb-Sp-°p-Ibpw sNøp-∂p. CXp-t]mse Ωfpw amen-y-k-©-b-hp-am-bn-´mWv hcp-∂-Xv. AXp-sIm-≠mWv ]m]w F∂p ]d-bp-∂-Xv. ssihkn≤m¥nIƒ°v ]m]w aeamWv. ssZhw hne-°n-bn´pw B hne-°ns hI-h-bv°msX l∆mhne-°-s∏´ In Ign-®p. l∆bv°v hne-°-s∏´ In Ign-°m-p≈ t{]cW D≠m-bXv A¥-cm-flm-hn¬n-∂-√. _mly-amb]m]Øns‚ Zm¿inIX 161
  • 162. Hcp i‡nbpsS {]tem-`--Øn¬n-∂m-Wv. B i‡n ]mºns‚cq]-Øn¬h∂v ssZh-Øns‚ hne-°p-I-fpsS A¿∞-iq-y-X-sb-°p-dn®v l∆sb ]d™p t_m[n-∏n-®p. ss]im-Nn-Ii‡n-bp≈ - -{]tem-`Is‚ hm°p-Iƒ l∆bv°v icn-bmbn tXm∂n. l∆ In -Ign-®p. AXp-hsc imco-cn-It_m[w Xo≠n-bn-´n-√mØ l∆ e÷m- -h-Xn-bm-bn. DSs Xs‚ ]pcp-jtbpw B In Ign-∏n-®p. c≠p- -t]¿°pw mWw h∂p. Ah¿ Ce-Isf-SpØv Xp∂n-s°´n hkv{X- -ap-≠m-°n mWw ad-®p. Ah¿ thgvNbn¬ G¿s∏´p. Cu kw`-hsØ BZn-]m-]ambn ss__nƒ Icp-Xp-∂p. - BZw BZysØ ap-jy-m-Wv. l∆ BZysØ kv{Xobpw.ssZhw krjvSn® ap-jy≥ Bflm-hn¬ Pohn-°p-∂hm-bn-cp-∂p. - -At∏m-fhv mm-Xz-{`-aßfp-≠m-bn-cp-∂n-√. {]tem-`߃ _mly- - - - - -tem-IØp-n-∂mWv hcp-∂Xv. C{µn-bßfn-eqsS IS-∂p-hcp∂ Cu - - - - -{]tem-`߃ A¥¿tem-IØns‚ hnip-≤nsb sISp-Øn-°fbp- - - - - -∂p. D]-n-jØns‚ `mj-bn¬ ]d-™m¬ kmØzn-Iamb {]X-e- - -Øn¬ cP- n-t‚bpw Xa- n-t‚bpw If-¶ßƒ hnX-dp-∂p. Cu BZn- -]m]w ]n∂o-Sp-h∂ F√m P-ßfn-te°pw kw{I-an-°p-∂Xmbn - -ss__nƒ ]d-bp-∂p. AXp-sIm-≠v Pn-®p-ho-gp∂ Hcp Ip™n-s-t∏mepw ]m]n F∂p hnfn-°p-∂-Xn¬ {InkvXp-aXw tZmjwImWp-∂n-√. Cu ]m]w Xe-ap-dIfn-eqsS s]cp-In-s∏-cpIn AXv - -temI-Øns‚ ne-n¬∏n-s-Xs∂ _m[n-®-t∏m-gmWv ssZhwXs∂ Hcp ]p{Xs Cu `qan-bn--te-°b®Xv. ]m]sØ hnip-≤o-I- - - -cn-°m-p≈ am¿§w D]-tZ-in-®Xv. - tbip-hns‚ P∑hpw hfsc Xp—-amb Ime-b-f-hn¬ `qan-bn¬S-Ønb hnip-≤o-I-c-Whpw XnI™ Ah-Xm-c- Zu-Xy-am-bn-cp-∂p. Hmtcm aX-Ønpw AXn-t‚-Xmb ÿm]n-X -Xm¬]-cy-ß-fp-s≠-∂p-≈Xv ad-°m≥ ]mSn-√. AXp-sIm≠v ssZhw Hcp ]p{Xsam{Xta Ctßm´v Ab-®p≈q F∂p ]d-bp-∂p. At∏m-f-Xnsehnim-eX jvS-s∏-Sp-∂p. _p≤pw kc-Xp-jv{Sbpw mc-b-W-Kp-cphpw apl-Ω-Zp-sa√mw Ah-K-Wn-°-s∏-Spw. AXp aX-Øns‚ HcpX´n-∏m-Wv. CtX X´n-∏p-X-s∂-bmWv C…mw-a-X-Ønepw apl-ΩZvA¥y-{]-hm-N-I-m-sW∂p ]d-bp-tºmƒ kw`-hn-°p-∂-Xv. AXp-sIm≠v C…mw-a-X-Øn-epw ]n∂o-Sp- h∂ {]hm-N-I-∑msc Iim∏psNtø-≠n-h-∂p. aX-ß-fnse Cu ÿm]n-X-Xm¬]-cy-߃ F∂pw 162
  • 163. temI-Ønv hn]-Øp-°ƒ D≠m-°nbn-´p-≠v. aXw ap-jys‚ ∑-bv°p-th-≠n-bm-bn-cn-°Ww. mcm-b-W-Kp-cp-hnv AXp ]d-bp-hm-p≈ ss[cyw D≠m-bn-cp-∂p. CXn-eqsS Kpcp aXsØ Xo¿ØpwAh-K-Wn-°p-I-b√ sNøp-∂-Xv. aX-Øns‚ BXy-¥n-I-ambe£yw apjys‚ ∑sb {]Im-in-∏n-°p-I-bm-Wv. [¿Ω-Ønv•mn hcp-tºm-sgms° Ahn-sS-sb√mw Cuiz-c≥ Ah-X-cn-°m-dp-≠v. hnim-e-amb A¿∞-Øn¬ a- n-em-t°≠ Hcp kwK-Xn-bm-Wn-Xv. F√m alm-flm-°-fnepw ]e Ap-]m-X-Øn-ep≈ Ah-Xm-c-tkm-t±-iy-X-I-fp-≠m-bn-cp-∂p. Aßs FSp-°p-tºmƒ apl-Ω-Zp-_ntbm tbip-{In-kvXpthm {ioIr-jvWtm am{X-a√ ChnsS -Ah-Xcn-®n-´p-≈Xv. tkm{I-´okpw Acn-tÃm-´nepw Imd¬am¿Ivkpw - -am¿´n≥ eq-X¿InMpw t{^mbnUpw sF≥Ãopw F√mw HcpXcØn-e-s√-¶n¬ as‰mcp Xc-Øn¬ ap-jy-nse Xn∑-Isf Zqco-I-cn-°p-∂-Xn¬ {]b-Xvn-®n-´p-≠v. A-¥-amb kXysØ km¥-am-°p-∂-XmWv `mc-Xo-b-Z¿i--{]-Imcw ]m]w. A⁄m-w-sIm-≠mWv Hcmƒ°v Xs‚ hy‡nXzw]cn-an-X-ambn tXm∂p-∂-Xv. Cu ]cn-anX-amb hy‡n-XzsØ `cn-°p∂ t{]c-W-Isf aq∂mbn Xcw-Xn-cn-®n-´p-≠v. Ah aq∂p-X-c-Øn-ep≈ I¿Ω-ß-fm-Wv. {]mc-_v[w, k©n-Xw, BKm-an. I¿Ω-Ønpw ]m]-Ønpw kam-amb A¿∞-amWv Kpcp ChnsS sImSp- -Øn-cn-°p-∂-Xv. Cu aq∂p I¿Ω-ßsf Ime-hn-`-P--hp-ambn X´n®pa- n-em-°m-hp-∂-Xm-Wv. `qX-Im-e-Øn-en-cn-°p∂ I¿Ω-ßsfk©n-X-I¿Ω-sa∂pw h¿Ø-am--Im-eØv {]h¿Øn-°p∂ I¿Ω-ßsf {]mc-_v[-I¿Ω-sa∂pw `mhn-bn¬ kw`-hn-°m-n-cn-°p∂I¿ΩsØ BKm-an-I¿Ω-sa∂pw ]d-bp-∂p. Hcp DZm-lcWw ]d-bmw. Hcp A`ymkn Bh-m-gn-bn¬n∂v -Akv{X-sa-SpØv hn√n¬sXm-SpØv e£y-Øn-te°v Føp-∂p.CXn¬ hy‡-ambpw aq∂p L´-ßsf ap°v ImWm≥ Ign-bWw. -H∂v , Bh- m- g n- b n¬ Akv { X- ß ƒ Ccn- ° p∂ L´w. c≠v ,hn√n¬n∂pw Akv{Xw sXmSp-Øp-hn-Sp∂ L´w. aq∂v, Akv{Xwe£ysØ t`Zn-®-Xn-p-ti-j-ap≈ L´w. Cu aq∂v L´-ßsfNpcp°n Cßs ]d-bmw. I¿Ω-t{]-cW ˛ I¿Ωw ˛ I¿Ω-^ew. -Bh-m-gn-bn-en-cn-°p∂ Akv{Xw ncp-]{Z-hIm-cn-Ifm-Wv. Ahsb - - -k©n-XI¿Ω-tØmSv D]-an-°mw. ap-jy-n¬ Ah hmk-Ifmbn - - -]m]Øns‚ Zm¿inIX 163
  • 164. ibn-°p-∂p-≠v. nc-lw-Ir-Xambn t_m[-sØ-fn-abn¬ I¿Ω-ß-f- - -p-jvTn-°p-tºmƒ Cu k©n-X-I¿Ω-ß-sf√mw Nmº-em-bn-Øo-cpw. Ah-bpsS {]tbm-K-£-aX in-®p-t]m-Ipw. hdpØ hnØp-Iƒ ]ns∂ apf- b v ° p- I - b n- √ - t √m. F∂m¬ hn√n¬n∂pwsXmSp∂ Akv{Xw e£ysØ t`Zn-°p-∂-Xp-hsc Hcp-X-c-Ønepwnb-{¥-W-hn-t[-b-a-√. I¿Ω-Øns‚ Cu kz`m-hsØ {]mc-_v[-sa∂p a- n-em-°-Ww. ΩpsS Pohn-X-Øn¬ ]e-t∏mgpw h∂p`hn-°p∂ Zpc-¥-ßfpw ku`m-Ky-ßfpw {]mc-_v[-Øns‚ `mK-am-sW-¶n¬ Ahsb An-hm-cy-sa∂p IcpXn kzoI-cn-°p-Itbnhr-Øn-bp-≈q. s]mXpth Zpc-¥-߃ hcp-tºm-gmWv mw {]mc-_v[-sa-∂p Icp-Xm-dp-≈q. `mc-X-Ønse k∂ym-kn-am¿ I¿Ω-ß-fn-te°v hen-®n-g-°-s∏-Sp-tºmƒ kzbta ]d™v kam-[m-n-°p-∂Xv {]mc_v[w F∂m-Wv. k∂ym-kn-am¿°v ZpxJ-ap-≠m-°p-∂-sX√mw {]mc-_v[-am-Wv.⁄mw-sIm≠v I¿Ω-ßfn-ep≈ XmZmflyw t]mIp-sa-¶nepw ico- -c-atm-kw-Lm-XØn¬ {]mc_v[w {]h¿Øn-®p-sIm-t≠-bn-cn-°pw. - -Hcp Poh-∑p-‡s Cu I¿Ωw _‘n-°p-I-tb-bn-√. F∂m¬]pd-Øp-n∂pw tm°p∂ Hcmƒ°v Poh-∑p-‡s‚ ico-c-Øns‚{]mc-_v[-I¿Ω-ßsf am{Xta ImWm≥ Ign-bpI-bp-≈q. AXp-sIm-≠mWv Poh-∑p-‡-s-t∏mepw kaqlw sX‰n-≤-cn-°p-∂-Xv.tbip-hns‚ {]mc-_v[-amWv tbip sX‰n-≤-cn-°-s∏-Sp-hm≥ CS-bm-b-sX∂p ]d-bmw. F¥p-sImt≠m tbip-hns‚ {]hr-Ønbpwhm°p-Ifpw PqX-∑m¿°v a- n-em-bn-√. tkm{I-´o-kn-tbpw _p≤-t-bp-sams° Aßs kmam-y-Pw a- n-em-°n-bn-√. mcm-b-WKp-cphpw CØ-cØn¬ Gsd sX‰n-≤cn-°s∏-Sp-∂p. Hcp {]hm- - - - -N-Ipw Hcp tbmKnbpw Ah¿ Pohn-®n-cp∂ kaq-lØn¬ th≠pw- -hÆw a- n-em-°-s∏-´n-´n-√. {]mc-_v[-Ønv hn]p-e-amb A¿∞-ß-fm-Wp-≈-Xv. BKman`mhn-bn¬ ap°v h∂p-`-hn-°m≥ CSbp≈ I¿Ω-ß-fmWv.h¿Ø-am--I¿Ω-Øns‚ I¿Xr-`m-hsØ o°w-sN-bvXm¬ `mhn-bn¬ hcm-n-cn-°p∂ I¿Ω-^esØ Hgn-hm-°mw. I¿Ω-^-esØHgn-hm-°n-s°m≠v Pohn-°p-∂Xv Hcp Ie-bm-Wv. Cu `qap-JØvAßs Iem-]-c-ambn Pohn-°p-hm≥ KoX sΩ ]Tn-∏n-°p-∂p. 164
  • 165. au¿hn F∂m¬ Rm¨. hn√ns‚ RmWm- b n- c n- ° p- ∂ XvA≥]mWv. ns‚ ]mZ-ßfn¬ {]W-an-°p∂ Fs‚ `‡n-bm-Wv. -ChnsS `‡n An-hm-cy-am-Wv. `‡n F∂p ]d-™m¬ ka¿∏-W-_p-≤n. F√mw P-n-bn¬ ka¿∏n-®p≈ Pohn-Xw. AXmWvAºns‚ Rm¨. hn√ns‚ c≠p Xe∏pIsf _‘n∏n°p∂sI´mWv Rm¨. Rmns Rm¨sIm≠v ssZhØn¬sI´nhbv°Ww. Pohpw Bflmhnpw CSbnep≈ t{]a]q¿hap≈_‘amWv `‡n. mcZ≥ AßsbmWv ]dbp∂Xv. km Xzkvan≥]ca t{]acq]m˛Cuizcnep≈ ]caamb t{]aamWv `‡n. t{]awapjys D∑njØm°p∂p. t{]aw lrZbØn¬ {]Imin®m¬PohnXw Hcp rØambn amdpw. Hcp Ccpºmw aw [px. CXn-s‚ hn√m-bn-cn-°p-∂Xv ZrV-am-bn-cn-°p∂ a- m-Wv. Cu D]a tm°-Ww. ZrV-am-bn-cn-°p∂a- ns hn√n-tmSv D]-an-°p-Ibpw B hn√n¬ sI´p∂ h≈nsb`‡n-bm-bn-cn-°p-Ibpw B hn√n¬ Ipe-bv°m≥ t]mIp∂ AºvAdn-hm-bn-cn-°p-Ibpw sNøp-∂p. Adn-hns‚ cq]-Øn-emWv Aºp-Iƒ Føm≥ ]mSp-≈q. AXm-bXv Bflm-hns‚ Bhnjv°m-camWv -Adn-h.v Bflm-hns‚ Bhn-j°cWßfm-bn-´p≈ Aºp-Iƒ Ωƒ v - - - -Føp-∂p. AXnp ZrV-am-bn-cn-°p∂ Hcp a v thWw. ZrV-am-bn-cn-°p∂ a v D≠m-bn-cn-t°-≠-Xn-tm-sSm-∏w-Xs∂ ssZh-Ønep≈ ka¿∏-Wt_m[hpww D≠m-bn-cn-°Ww. - - Cn Alw-`m-hn-bmWv hnP-bn. Alw F∂v ChnsS D]-tbm-Kn- ® n- c n- ° p- ∂ Xv km[m- c W A¿∞- Ø n- √ . hyXy- k v X - a mbA¿∞ØnemWv. Htc ]ZwXs∂ hyXykvX A¿∞Øn¬ Kpcp{]tbm-Kn-°m-dp-≠v. Chn-SsØ Alw ip≤-am-bn-cn-°p∂ Rmm-Wv. B ip≤-am-bn-cn-°p∂ Rmns Ft∏mgpw Ωƒ `mhn-°-Ww. F∂p-]d™m¬ Ap-k‘mw sNø-Ww. Alw-`m-hn-bmWv - - -hnP-bn. Aß-s-bp≈ Hcmƒ°p-am-{Xta hnPbw D≠m-bn-cn-°p-I- b p- ≈ q. AXm- b Xv ip≤- a mb Rmns `mhn- ° p∂ Hcphy‡n°p hnPbw D≠m-Ip-∂p. B hnPbw Ωƒ D≠m-°n-sb-Sp-°p-∂-X-√. Aw_m Xcp∂p hnPbw. AΩ-bmWv hnPbw Xcp-∂-Xv. hnPbw F∂p ]d-™m¬ F¥mWv? ap‡n-bmWv ΩpsShnP-bw. B-µ-amWv ΩpsS hnP-bw. _‘--Øn¬n-∂p≈tamN--amWv hnP-bw. Cu hnPbw Xcp-∂Xv Aw_-bm-Wv.]m]Øns‚ Zm¿inIX 165
  • 166. ]m]-]-¶n-e-a-lw- `m--am-Ip-h-Xn-m¬ h≥`m-c-am¿∂ Xphpw`m-am-apeIhpw `m-am-Ip-a-Jn-ew. F√m hy‡n-I-fnepw c≠pXc-Øn-ep≈ Rmp-≠v. H∂p Ω-psS ip≤-am-bn-cn-°p∂ Alw.thsdm∂v ]m]w-sIm≠v Id-]n-Sn-®n-´p≈ km[m-c-W-K-Xn-bn-ep≈Hc-lw. Cu c≠p ‘Rm≥’ Ft∏mgpw ΩpsS D≈n¬ {]h¿Øn-°p-∂p-≠v. AXn¬ Hcp ‘Rm≥’ ip≤-am-bn-cn-°p∂ Bflm-hm-Wv. thsdmcp ‘Rm≥’ a- n-tmSpw ico-c-tØmSpw XmZm-fly-s∏-´n-cn-°p∂ k¶p-Nn-X-am-bn-cn-°p∂ Xm¬°m-en-I-`m-h-am-Wv.At∏mƒ ]m]w-sIm≠p Id-]n-Sn® Rmns Ωƒ ip≤o-I-cn-°p-tºmƒ bYm¿∞-Øn-ep≈ ‘Rm≥’ Ω-fn¬ {]Xy-£-s∏Spw.AXp- s Im- ≠ mWv ]m]- ] - ¶ new Alw- `m- - a m- I pw F∂p]dbp∂Xv. ]m]w-sIm-≠v Id-]n-Sn® Rm≥ `m-am-Ipw. `mwF∂p ]d-™m¬ Adn-hns‚ hoNn-I-ƒ. Rm≥ Adn-hns‚ {]Im-i-am-bn-Øocpw. hfsc sX‰p-≤m-cW D≠m°p∂ Hcp t«mI-am-Wn-Xv. AXp-sIm- ≠ p- X s∂ kq£v a - X - t bm- S p- I qSn a-   n- e m- t °- ≠ Hcpt«mIhp-am-Wn-Xv. km[m-cW _p≤n-sIm≠v Cu t«mIØns‚kz`mhw Cg ]ncn-s®-Sp-°m≥ ]‰p-Ibn√. ]m]-]-¶n-e-amWv Alw.Id-bp≈, k¶p-Nn-XXz-ap≈, A⁄m-ap≈ Rm≥ `m-ambn amdp- - -∂Xv Fß-s-bm-Wv? Ωƒ ip≤-am-bn-cn-°p∂ Rmns Ap-k-‘mw sNøp-tºmƒ AΩ ap°p hnPbw Xcp-∂p. DS-SnF¥v kw`-hn-°p-∂p? h≥`m-c-am¿∂ Xphpw `mamw. DS-Snimco-cn-I- t_m[w, imco-cn-I-X-tbm-Sp≈ {]nb-߃, A`n-c-a--߃, cXn-Iƒ Ahsbms° Ipd-™p-Ip-d-™p-h-cpw. AsX√mwAdn-hns‚ {]Im-i-am-bn amdpw. Ft∏mgpw a- n-em-t°-≠p-∂Xv Fs‚ icochpw a pw{]Imiw am{X-am-Wv F∂mWv. Fs‚ D≈nepw ]pd-Øp-sa√mwhym]n-®n-cn-°p∂Xv Htcsbmcp {]Im-i-am-Wv. B {]Imiw am{X-amWv Rm≥ F∂p Icp-Xp-tºm-ƒ Pohn-X-Ønp eLpXzw hcpw.CsXm-cp [ym-hn-j-b-am-Wv. CXns Ft∏mgpw [ymn-°-Ww.P¿Ω-n-bn¬ tKmbvtY F∂p- t]-cp≈ {]ikvX anÃn°v Ihn-bp≠v. F√m-hcpw acn-°p∂ ka-bØv ZpxJn°p∂Xv temIhnjbßsf°pdnt®m¿ØmWv. ]t£, acn-°p∂ ka-bØv tKmbvsY 166
  • 167. Aß-s-b√ ]d-™-Xv. sKbvsY ]d-™Xv, shfn®w.... shfn®w...IqSp-X¬ shfn®w..... thW-sa∂mWv. shfn-®-Øn-te-°p≈ A`n-n-thiw ]≠p-ap-X¬t°- Ω-nep-≠v. shfn®w AdnhmWv. At∏mƒ Ft∏mgpw Ap-k-‘mwsNtø-≠p-∂Xpw Atz-jn-t°-≠p-∂Xpw k¿h{X nd-™n-cn-°p∂ shfn-®-sØbmWv. ΩpsS kØ AXmWv. ]m]߃Hgnbptºmƒ imco-cn-I-am-b `mcw Ipd-bp-∂p. ]ns∂ AJnewDe- I hpw `m- a m- I pw. Cu kIe PKØpw C{]- I m- c - a p≈{]ImiIncWambn amdpw. Htcsbmcp ssNXyw am{X-ta Np‰p-]mSpw ImWp-I-bp-≈q. Bp-`q-Xn-I-am-bn-cn-°p∂ Hcp Xe-Øn-te°v Kpcp-hns‚ Cu IrXn {]th-in-°p-I-bm-Wv. B Ah-ÿ-bn¬ F√m-h-cpsS apJØpw ImWp-∂Xv ssNX-y-am-Wv. ssZh-Øns‚ ssNX-yw. hnth-Im-µkzm-an-Iƒ sNdp-∏Øn¬ tc-{µ-m-bn-cn-°p∂ ka- - - -bØv {iocma-Ir-jvW-]-c-a-lw-k-cpsS ASpØp sN∂p tNmZn-®p:“Aßv ssZhsØ I≠n-´pt≠m?” CXp tI´-t∏mƒ ]c-a-lw-k¿]d™p: “Rm≥ Ct∏mgpw I≠p-sIm-≠n-cn-°p∂p.” ssZhw Fhn-sS-bmWv? tc{µ≥ tNmZn®p. “Chn-sS-Xs∂ I≠p-sIm-≠n-cn-°p-∂p.” ]calwk¿ ]d™p. “F¥ns‚ cq]-Øn¬? BcpsS cq]-Øn¬?”tc{µ≥ tNmZn®p. “ns‚ cq]-Øn¬ Rm≥ I≠p-sIm-≠n-cn-°p-∂p.” ]c-a-lw-k¿ ]d-™p. Hcp hy‡n Bfl-K-X-am-bn-cn-°p∂ Cu {]Im-isØ Adn-bp∂ am{X-bn¬ temIw apgphpw {]Im-i-h-Øm-Ip-∂p. temIw apgp-hpw ssNX-y-cq-]-am-bn-Øo-cp-∂p. temIØp]ns∂ ]m]-]-¶n-e-am-bn-cn-°p∂ Hcp D◊sb ImWp-∂n-√. o‘]m]n ]m]n’ F∂p ]d-bp∂ B Xe-Øn-te°v ]ns∂ Ah≥hcp-∂n-√. F√mw Cuiz-c-kz-cq-]-am-bn Ahn¬ ImWp-∂p.]m]Øns‚ Zm¿inIX 167
  • 168. F´v kØmbn n∂p-]cn NnØmbn c≠p-samcp apØmbn aq∂p-a-dnbpw lrØmbn n∂-Xnp hnØmbn hnsÆmSp a˛ cpØmbn ZrjvSn apX-embv sImØm-bnSpw hnj-bhn-kvXm-ca∂aXn˛ - - - - - Øm-hp-ambn hnekpw kn≤m-p-`q-Xn-bn-ep-sa-Øm-sX-bm-aXn-a˛ - lØm-bnSpw Pn o.D]cn ˛ F√m macq]߃°pw AXoXambnkØmbn n∂p ˛ Pn kØmbn n¬°p∂pNnØmbn ˛ B kØpXs∂ Adnhmbpw n¬°p∂p.c≠pw Hcp apØmbn ˛ kØpw NnØpw Bµambpw n¬°p∂p.aq∂padnbpw ˛ kØntbpw NnØntbpw BµtØbpw Adnbp∂lrØmbnn∂v ˛ km£nssNXyambn Pn n¬°p∂p.AXnp hnØmbn ˛ AXns‚sb√mw BZnImcWhpw PnXs∂.hnsÆmSp acpØmbn ˛ BImihpw hmbphpw F√mw PnXs∂.ZrjvSn apXembv ˛ IÆv XpSßnb C{µnbßfpw PnXs∂.A∂w ˛ A∂ambncn°p∂sImØmbnSpw ˛ A¥amb hnjßfpsS Iq´hpwhnjbhnkvXmcw PnXs∂.AXnv AØmhpambn ˛ Cu A∂sa√mw Ign°p∂Xpwhnekpw PnXs∂.kn≤mp`qXnbnepw ˛ kn≤∑mcpsS Ap`qXn°pt]mepwFØmsXbmw ˛ Dƒs°m≈mmhmØ{XAXnalØmbnSpw ˛ A¥hym]vXnbp≈hfmWvPn o ˛ k¿∆Øntbpw Pn∏n°p∂ AΩbmIp∂ o. 168
  • 169. km£nbmbn Pohnbv°pI kn ≤m-p-`q-Xn-bn-ep-sa-ØmsXbmw AXn-a-l-Øm-bnSpw P-n o. Cu t«mI-Øns‚ Ah-km-sØ hcn Hcp A¤p-Xw-t]mse tXm∂pw. kn≤-∑m-cpsS Ap-`q-Xn-bn¬t]mepw Cu AΩ-bpsS Ap-`hw ]q¿Æ-ambn hcp-∂n-√-t{X. BcmWv kn≤-∑m¿F∂p ]d-bp∂h¿? Hcp {]tXyI Ima--tbm-Sp-IqSn {]tXyIe£y-Øn-te°v km[--Iƒ sNbvXv B Ima--I-fpsS t´wssIh-cp-Øp-∂-hcmWv kn≤∑m¿. tbmK-imkv{X-Øn¬ {][m-ambpw F´p kn≤n-IfmWv Ah-Xcn- - - -∏n-°p-∂-Xv. AWna, alna, Kcna eLna, {]m]vXn, {]mImayw,CuinXzw, hinXzw F∂nhbmWh. Hcmƒ°v km[-Ifn-eqsS At±- - -l-Øns‚ ico-csØ AWp-hn-tmfw sNdp-Xm°n sIm≠p-hcp-hm≥-Ign-bpw. CXv AWna F∂ kn≤n-bm-W.v km[-Iƒ ApjvTn®p -t´-߃ ssIh-cn-°p-∂Xv kn≤-∑m-cpsS khntijXbmWv. Nnekn≤-∑m¿ km[-Iƒ sNbvXv ico-csØ hfsc _rl-Øm-°pw. -CXns alna F∂p ]d-bpw. cmam-bWØn¬ lp-am≥ e¶-bn- - -te°p NmSp∂ ka-bØv ico-csØ sNdpXm°n kpckbpsShmbneqsS Ibdn sNhnbneqsS ]pdØph∂p. ]n∂oSv kpckbpsSapºn¬ icocsØ ]¿hXoIcn°pIbpw sNbvXp. CXv AWna˛alnakn≤nsIm≠mWv. Cn kn≤n-sIm≠v icocsØ hfsc `mcw Ipd-™Xm°pw.thW-sa-¶n¬ Im‰n¬ ]d-∂p-S°mw, sh≈-Øn¬ Hgp-In-S°mw. - - - -CXns‚ t]cmWv eLn-a. FSp-Øm¬ s]m¥mØ `mc-ap-≈{XAh-ÿbnte°p amdp∂ kn≤n-sb Kcn-a F∂p ]d-bpw. lpam≥Xs∂ Xs‚ hmens‚ `mcw Iq´n `oatks ]co£n°p∂XvKcnamkn≤nsIm≠mWv. B{Kln°p∂ GsXmcp hkvXphntbpw k¶ev]am{XwsIm≠v tSnsbSp°p∂XmWv {]m]vXn.km£nbmbn Pohnbv°pI 169
  • 170. hkvXp FhnsSbp≈Xmbmepw Ft∏mƒ D≈Xmbmepw AXns{]m]nbv ° mmhpw. hkv X p°fpsS e`yXbn√msXXs∂B{KlnhrØn hcpØp∂XmWv {]mImayw. `uXnIhkvXp°sfkrjv S n°pIbpw nb{¥n°pIbpw `cn°pIbpw sNøp∂kn≤nbmWv CuinXzw. F¥ntbpw X∂nte°p hioIcn°p∂IgnhmWv hinXzw. Ch F´pw tN¿∂XmWv AjvssSizcykn≤nIƒ. CsX√mw kn≤-∑m¿ ssIh-cp-Øp∂ kn≤n-I-fm-Wv.Cß-s-bp≈ kn≤-∑m-cpsS Pohn-X-Øn¬t]mepw ]q¿Æ-ambnPn HXp-ßp-∂n√. A{Xbpw al-Øm-bn-cn-°p∂XmWv P-n-bpsS hn]p-etN-X. Pn F√m-bn-SØpw nd-™n-cn-°p-∂XmWv - - -(all pervaded). A- ¥ - a m- b n- c n- ° p∂ AΩ- b psS ico- c sØDƒs°m≈p-hm≥ t]mcp∂ Hcp kn≤-a pw C√t{X. AXp-sIm- -≠mWv ]d-bp-∂Xv kn≤m-p-`q-Xn-bnepw FØmsX B AXn-al- -Øm-bnSpw Pn o F∂v. ]ns∂ Fß- s - b mWv km[m- c - W - ° m- c mb Bfp- I ƒ°vAΩsb {]m]n-°m≥ Ign-bp-I? ico-csØ sNdp-Xm-°mpw hep-Xm-°mpw `mcw Ipd-°mpw `mcw Iq´m-p-sam° Ign-bp∂C{Xbpw henb kn≤-∑m¿°p-t]mepw Ign-bmØ Cu AΩ-bpsSAp-`hw sΩ-t∏mse km[m-c-W-°m-cmb Bfp-IƒIƒ°p-≠m-Ip-∂-sX-ß-s-bmWv? AXp-sIm≠v AΩsb Adn-b-W-sa-¶n¬AXnp XS- ambn n¬°p∂ LS-IsØ FSp-Øp-am-‰Ww. Ωp- -sS-Iq-sS-Xs∂ AΩ-bp-≠v. ΩpsS D≈ns‚ D≈nse ssNX-y-ambn AΩ Ccn-°p-∂p-≠v. AXns‚ ap∂n-en-cn-°p∂ ad, Ime-tZ-i-߃sIm-≠p≈ DS-bmS H∂p am‰n-tm-°n-bm¬ aXn. Ime-tZ-iw-sIm≠p ΩpsS a- n¬ _m[n-®n-´p≈ Nne-¥n-he H∂pXqØp-I-f-™m¬ aXn. At∏mƒ AΩ-bpsS kzcq-]sØ Z¿in-°m≥ Ign-bpw. kn≤-∑m-cpsS D≈nepw Cu Ime-tZ-i-ß-fpsSNne-¥n-hebp≠v. kn≤-∑m-cpsS a pw Ima-bp-≈Xm-Wv. AXp- - -sIm-≠mWv kn≤-∑m-cpsS a- nepw AΩ hcp-∂n√ F∂p]dbp∂Xv. FhnsS Ima--bn-√tbm AhnsS AΩ Ap`qXamIp∂p, Z¿iacpfp∂p. hniz-P-n ΩpsS D≈n¬ kØ-bmbn Ccn-°p-∂p-≠v. ⁄m-am-bn Ccn-°p-∂p-≠v. B-µ-ambnCcn-°p-∂p≠. AXp-sIm≠v ]dbp-∂p: kØmbn n∂v D]cnNnØmbn c≠pw Hcp apØmbn. 170
  • 171. tIƒ°p-tºmƒ hfsc Imhym-flIamWv. Bflm-hns‚ kzcq]w -Fs¥∂v Kpcp-°-∑m¿ ]d-™p-X-cp-tºmƒ aq∂p hm°p-Iƒ{]tXyIw FSpØp a- n-em-°nØcp∂p. AXv kØv, NnØv,Bµw F∂n-h-bm-Wv. Cu aq∂p hm°p-I-tfbpw kwtbm-Pn-∏n®vHcp ka-kvX-]-Z-am-bn k®n-Zmµw F∂p ]d-bpw. k¿hw lnk®n-Zm--µw. F√mw k®nZmµamWv. {_“w k®n-Zm--µamWv.Bflmhv k®n-Zm--µ-am-Wv. k®n-Zm-µw F∂v H‰-hm-°n¬ ]d-bp-sa-¶nepw aq∂p Xc-Øn-emWv Ah ap°v Ap-`-h-am-Ip∂Xv.km[m-c-W-°m¿ Bflm-hns‚ ÿmØv temI-Ønse GsX-¶nepw Hcp hkvXp-hnsbmWv Adn-bp-∂Xv. Aßs temI-ÿnXamb Hcp hkvXp-hns Ωƒ Adn-bp-tºmƒ AXn¬ aq∂p Imcy-߃ Bflm-hns‚ `mh-am-bn {]Xn-^-en-°p-∂p-≠v. AXp Ωƒ a nem°mdn√. ]pkvX-I-ap-≠v,tai-bp-≠v, Itk-c-bp-≠v, Rmp-≠v, obp-≠v, Ah-p≠v, Ah-fp≠v Fs∂ms° mw ]d-bp∂p. ‘D≠v ’F∂p ]d-bp-tºmsg√mwhkvXphns‚ D◊-sb-bm-Wv tZymXn∏n°p∂Xv. Cu Hcp hkvXp-hnv ChnsS D≈-Xm-bn-cn-°m≥ Ign-bp-tºmƒXs∂ AhnsS C√m-Xncn-°m-mWv Ign-bp-∂-Xv. Ahn-tSbpw D≈Xm-Im≥ Ign-bp-∂n-√. B hkvXp-hn-p-Xs∂ AXns‚ hi-ß-fn¬˛he-Xp-h-itØmCS-Xp-hitØm D≈-Xm-Im≥ Ign-bp-∂n-√. AXnv ChnsS am{Xta -D≈-Xm-Im≥ Ign-bp-∂p-≈q. ImcWw AXnv ChnsS am{XtaD◊-bp-≈q. Cu taibpsS kz`mhw h®p-tm-°p-tºmƒ Cutaibv°v tZi-Im-e-]-cn-an-X-am-b Hcp D◊-bmWv D≈Xv. taiD≠v F∂v Ωƒ ]d-bp-∂p-. F∂m¬ Cu taibptSXv k¿∆-hym-]-I-Xz-ap≈ D◊-b-√. CXv F√m-bn-SØpw C√. Hcp h-kvXp-hns Ωƒ Adn-bp-tºmƒ D◊-bp-s≠-¶nepw B DWvasbk¿∆-hym-]-I-X-bn¬ Adn-bp-∂n-√. D◊ F∂p ]d-bp-tºmƒ thsdmcp Imcyw-IqSn a- n-em-°-Ww. taibpsS D◊sb AXnp kzbw Adn-bm≥ Ign-bp-I-bn-√.Cu taibv°v ‘Rm≥ D≠v’ F∂p kzbw t_m[an√. AXp-sIm-≠v CXp PU-am-Wv. CXns Adn-bp-∂Xv BcmWv? RmmWvAdn-bp-∂Xv. Rm≥ Adn-bp∂p F∂p-≈-Xp-sIm-≠mWv Cutaibv°v D◊-bp-≠m-bn-cn-°p-∂-Xv. A√msX Cu tai ChnsSCcn-°p-∂-Xp-sIm-≠-√. Ipd®v Dƒ°m-gvN-bp-s≠-¶n¬ am-{X-amWvkm£nbmbn Pohnbv°pI 171
  • 172. CXn-te°p IS-°m≥ Ign-bp-Ibp-≈q. hfsc ck-Icam-bn-cn-°p∂ - - -Hcp Atz-j-W-am-WnXv. Cu temIw ΩpsS apºn¬ D≠m-bn-cn- ° p- ∂ - X p- s Im- ≠ √ temI- Ø nv D◊ D≠m- b n- c n- ° p- ∂ - Xv.temIsØ Adn-bp∂ Rm≥ D≈-Xp-sIm-≠mWv Cu temIØnvD◊ D≠m-bn-cn-°p-∂Xv. Rmn-s√-¶ntem? Adn-bp∂ Rmn-s√- -¶n¬ Cu temI-Ønv D◊-bn-√. At∏mƒ Adn-bp∂p F∂ A¿∞-Øn¬ Cu taibv ° v AXns‚ D≈n¬ Aß- s - s bmcpkm[yXbn√. kzbw Adn-bm-p≈ Hcp km[yX Ct∏mƒ CXn-n-√. AX-dn-bp-∂Xv Rmm-Wv. At∏mƒ Rm≥ Adnbp∂pF∂p≈-Xp-sIm≠v Rm≥ NnØmWv . AΩsb AXp-sIm≠v Nn{Zq-]nWn F∂p ]d-bpw. k{Zq-]nWn AΩ, Nn{Zq-]nWn AΩ, B-µ-cq-]nWn AΩ. AΩ Htc-kabw k{Zq-]n-Wnbpw Nn{Zq-]n-Wnbpw -Bµcq-]n-Wnbpw BWv. Cn F¥v Adn-bp-tºmgpw B AdnhvΩ-fn¬ D≠m-°p-∂Xv B-µam-Wv. ]t£, ap°v B B-µ- -Øns‚ ]q¿ÆX In´m-dn-√. ap°v H∂p-In¬ AXv kpJ-am-bn-cn-°pw. As√-¶n¬ ZpxJ-am-bn-cn-°pw. B-µ-Øns‚ Zzµzm-fl-I-am-b hi-amWv ap-°-dn-bm≥ Ign-bp-∂-Xv. AXp-t]mseXs∂ Adn-hns‚bpw Zzµzm-flIam-bn-´p≈ hi- - -amWv ap-°dn-bm≥ Ign-bp-∂Xv. D◊-bpsS Zzµzm-flIam-bn-cn-°p∂ - - - -hi-ß-fmWv ap-°-dn-bm≥ Ign-bp-∂-Xv. D≠v As√-¶n¬ C√.F∂m¬ P-nsb kw_-‘n-®n-S-tØmfw C√ F∂ `mh-an-√.Adn-bp-∂n√ F∂ H∂n-√. B-µn-°p-∂n√ F∂ H∂n-√. Ft∏mgpwB-µw. k¿∆w ln k®n-Zm-µw F∂v AXp-sIm≠v mcm-bW- -Kpcp ]d-bpw. “k¿hw ln k®n-Zm-µw tl mmkvXn In© b ]iy-Xol mth artXym¿ arXypw k K—-Xn.” Bscm-cp-h≥ Cu k®n-Zm--µsØ Adn-bm-Xn-cn-°p-∂pthmAh≥ arXyp-hn¬n∂pw arXyp-hn-te°p s]mbvsIm-≠n-cn-°p-∂p.D]-n-jØv sΩ ]Tn-∏n-°p-∂Xv arXyp-hn¬n∂v Aar-X-Xz-Øn-te°v Nen-°m-m-Wv. At∏mƒ ChnsS ]d™ Imcy-߃AssZz-X-th-Zm-¥-Øns‚ a¿Ω-{]-[m--am-bn-cn-°p∂ Hcp kwK-Xn-bm-Wv. Cu XØzw ap°v Aev]-sa-¶nepw Ap-`-hn-°m≥ 172
  • 173. Ign-™m¬, Rm≥ kØm-sW∂pw Rm≥ NnØm-sW∂pw Rm≥B-µ-am-sW∂pw Ap-`-hn-°m≥ Ign-™m¬ k¿∆-hn-[-Øn-ep≈ ZpxJ-ßfpw ΩpsS D≈n¬n∂pw t]mIpw. hniz-P--n-sb- ° p- d n- ® mWv ChnsS ]d- b p- ∂ - s X- ¶ nepw B hniz- P - nRm≥X-s∂-bm-Wv. mw Hmtcm-cp-Øcpw B P-n-bm-Wv. AXpΩn¬n∂v Ay-am-bn-cn-°p∂ H∂-√. Aßs Icp-Xmt]mSn-√. Ωn¬n-∂mWv hnizw Pn-°p-∂Xpw Ω-n¬X-s∂-bmWv hnizw ne-n¬°p-∂Xpw Ω-fn¬X-s∂-bmWv hnizwXntcm-`-hn-°p-∂-Xpw. B Hcp hniz-sØ-°pdn-®mWv ChnsS ]d-bp-∂-Xv. Ωn-emWv Ap-`-h-߃ D≠m-Ip-∂Xpw ne-n¬°p-∂Xpw ad-™p-t]m-Ip-∂-Xpw. Ap-`-h-ß-sf-bmWv hnizw As√-¶n¬ {]]©w F∂p ]d-bp-∂-Xv. Ωn¬ kw`-hn-°p∂ F√m Ap-`hßfpw {]m]-©n-Iam-Wv. - - -{]m]- © nIw F∂p ]d- ™ m¬ {]]- © - k w- _ - ‘ - a m- W v .AXn¬n∂pw ap‡n tS-Wsa-¶n¬ Rm≥ kØm-sW-∂dn-bWw. - - -Rm≥ Xs∂-bmWv Adn-hm-bn-cn-°p-∂sX-∂dn-bWw. Rm≥ Xs∂- - - -bmWv B-µam-bn-cn-°p-∂sX-∂dn-bWw. Aßs ]d-bp-tºmƒ - - - -kØpw NnØpw B-µhpw thsd thsd-bm-sW-∂√. kØn¬ -NnØn-cn-°p-∂p. NnØn¬ B-µan-cn-°p-∂p. kØn¬ B-µhpw -NnØpw Ccn-°p-∂p.- Nn-Øn¬ kØpw B-µhp-an-cn-°p-∂p. CnB-µØn¬ kØpw NnØpancn-°p-∂p. CXp ]d-bp-tºmƒ BsI- -Ip-g™p-adn™ Ah-ÿt]mse ap°p tXm∂-cp-X.v F√m-‰nepw - - -F√mw Ccn- ° p∂p F∂m- W v . km[m- c W Pohn- X Ø- X n¬ap°ßssbm∂pw Adn-bm≥ Ign-bm-dn-√. Fß-s-bmWv Cu GI-am-bn-cn-°p∂ k®n-Zm--µsØ Adn-bp-I? ap-°-dn-bm≥ Ign-bp-∂Xv km[m-c-W-tem-IsØ km[m-cW Imcy-߃ am{X-amWv. hni-°p-tºmƒ IS-bn¬t]mbn Ipd®pkm[--ß-sfms° hmßn-s°m-≠ph∂v tNmdpw Idnbpw Hs°D≠m-°n-°-gn-°-Ww. ]W-an-√m-Xm-Ip-tºmƒ ]W-ap-≠m-°m-mbnsXmgn-se-Sp-°m≥ t]mI-Ww. As√-¶n¬ _nkn- p sNø-Ww.At∏mƒ ]Ww In´p-∂p. B ]Ww-sIm≠v Pohn-°p-∂p. hni-°p-tºmƒ `£Ww Ign-®m¬ kpJ-ap-≠v. ]Wn-sb-SpØp £oWn-°p-tºmƒ Dd-ßn-bm¬ kpJ-ap-≠v. Cn Hcp Znh-ktam c≠pZnh-ktam Hgnhp In´p-I-bm-sW-¶n¬ hntm-Z-Øn-mbn FhnsS-km£nbmbn Pohnbv°pI 173
  • 174. sb-¶nepw t]mIWw. D√mkbm{X°p t]mhp-Itbm Xo¿∞m-Sw t]mhp-Itbm knn-a°p t]mhp-Itbm k¿°kp ImWm≥t]mhp-Itbm As√-¶n¬ ]m¿°n¬ sN∂n-cn-°p-Itbm sNøpw.CsXm-s°-bmWv km[m-c-W- Ω-psS Pohn-Xw. ΩpsS Pohn-XØn¬ F√m Bh-iy-ßfpw Gsd-°p-sd-sbms° -nd-th-‰n-°-gn-™n-cn-°p-I-bm-Wv. Aßs nd-th‰n°gn-™n´pwΩƒ F¥p-sIm≠v ΩpsS D≈n-te°v t]mIp-∂n-√. ΩƒCt∏mgpw ]pd-Øp-Xs∂ X∏n-Ø-S-™p--S-°p-I-bm-Wv. Bµw_mly-amb temIØv Xnc™v ImtW-≠X√. AXv IÆp-Iƒ - -A©pw D≈S°n sXcp-sXsc hoWp-hWßn HmXn-sb-Sp-t°-≠- -Xm-sW∂v Ωƒ Adn-bp-∂n-√. AI-ap-Jam-bn, D≈n-te°v Xncn- -™n-´mWv kXysØ Adn-tb-≠Xv. ]pdØv Xnc-™n-´√. ]pdØv - -kXysØ Xnc-™m¬ n߃°Xp ImWm≥ Ign-bp-Ibn-√. - Hcp Ba Fß-s-bmtWm Hcp A]-I-S- km-l-N-cy-Øn¬ssIIfpw Imep-Ifpw Xe-bpsams° D≈n-te°p hen®v AXns‚tXmSn-p-≈n-te°v t]mbn Ccn-°p-∂Xv AXp-t]mse ]pd-tØ°vX≈n-s°m-≠n-cn-°p∂ C{µn-b-ß-fpsS i‡nsb IÆp-I-f-S®v[ym-n-a·ambn AI-tØ°p Xncn-°Ww. A¥¿ap-Jam-°Ww. - - - - -F∂n-´p-thWw kXysØ Xnc-bm≥. At∏mƒ kXym-p-`hw D≠m-Ipw. imiz-Xamb Hcp im¥n lrZ-bØns‚ D≈n¬ Hcp tXP- - -kv^p-enw-Kam-bn {]Zo]vXam-Ipw. ΩpsS D≈n¬ ac-Wan-√mØ - -Hcp Rmp-s≠∂v BZyw Hcp sNdnb an∂m-bw-t]mse, Hcp an∂m-an-p-ßns‚ pdp-ßp-sh-´w-t]mse ap°p t_m[y-s∏-Sp-Øp-∂p.]n∂oSv AXv henb henb {]Im-ihebambn, Hcp ⁄m-he- - - - - -b-ambn, Hcp {]`m-]q-cam-bn D≈p apgp-hpw hym]n-°m≥ XpS-ßpw. -CXv kzmp-`ham-bn amd-Wsa-¶n¬ Aß-s-sbmcp km[-bpw - - -Atz-jWhpw Pohn-XØn¬ Ωƒ ssIs°m-t≈-≠Xm-bn-´p-≠v. - - - ⁄mn-bmb Hcmsf kw_-‘n-®n-S-tØmfw Abmƒ Cu {]]-©-Øn-te°v tm°p-tºmƒ ImWp-∂Xv mm-hn-[-am-bn-cn-°p∂ma-cq-]-ß-f-√. Btflm-]-tZ-i-X-I-Øn¬ Kpcp AXn-s-∏‰n ]d-bp-∂Xv Cß-s-bm-Wv: “kI-ehpw D≈-Xp-Xs∂, XØz-Nn-¥m-{K-l-nXp k¿∆hpw GI-ambv {Kln-°pw.” Cu ImWp-∂-sX√mwD≈-Xp-X-s∂. C√m-Ø-X√. At∏mƒ BZyw Ωƒ ]Tn-®XvFß-s-bmWv? CsX√mw amb. Cu ImWp∂ ma-cq-]-ß-sf√mw 174
  • 175. amb. CsX√mw shdpw tXm∂-ep-I-fm-Wv. acp-`q-an-bn¬ ImWp∂Im¬P-ew-t]mse. √ shbn-ep≈ ka-bØv Smdn´ tdmUn-¬AI-te°p tm°p-tºmƒ Pe-{]-XoXn Ap-`-h-s∏-Sp-∂p. AXp-t]m-se-bp≈ Hcp tXm∂¬am-{X-amWv {]]©w F∂p ]d-bp-∂n-SØp-n∂v Bflm-p-`q-Xn-bpsS L´-Øn¬ Kpcp ]d-bp-∂p: “kI- -ehpw D≈-Xp-Xs∂ XØz-Nn-¥m-{K-l-nXp k¿∆hpw GI- ambv{Kln-°pw.” XØzsØ Adn-bp-∂h≥ D≈n-te°v Xncn™mWv -{Kln°p∂Xv. A√mØ]£w, ambbmw h≥]-I {`ataInSp∂p ]mcw. ambHcp h≥]-I-bm-Wv. h≥]I Fs∂m-s°-bp≈ hm°p-Iƒ Kpcp-hns‚ XXp ap{ZIfmWv. thsdm-cmƒ°pw Aß-s-bp≈ ]Z-ß-sfm∂pw ae-bm-f-Øn¬ {]-tbm-Kn-°m≥ Ign-™n´n-√. ΩsfFt∏mgpw Xe-Xn-cn-®p-sIm-≠n-cn-°p∂ Hcp h≥]-I. ImtW-≠-Xns ImWn-°msX ImtW≠-mØ-Xns ImWn-®p-X-cp∂ Hcph≥]-Ibm-Wn-Xv. an{XsØ i{Xp-hm-°p-Ibpw i{Xp-hns an{X-am- -°p-Ibpw sNøp∂ Hcp h≥]-Ibm-Wn-X.v AXp-sIm-≠mWv ambbmw -h≥]I ]eXpw {`a-tam-In-Sp∂p ]mcw F∂pKpcp ]dbp∂Xv.ap°p ]e-XcØn-ep≈ {`a-߃ D≠m-°p∂p. {`a-߃ h∂p-I- - -gn-™mtem? AXm-bn-cn°pw √-Xv, A√ CXm-bn-cn°pw √XvFs∂ms° Nn¥n®v H∂n¬n∂pw thsdm--∂n-te°pw ]e--Xn-te°pw Ωƒ {]bmWw sNbvXp-sIm-≠n-cn-°pw. hy‡n-_-‘-߃ amdn-sIm≠n-cn-°pw. [m-Kaam¿§-߃ am‰n-s°m-≠n-cn-°pw. - -kuµ-cy-k-¶-ev]-߃ am‰n-s°m-≠n-cn-°pw. F√mw Ωƒ am‰n-s°m-≠n-cn-°pw. Cu amdn-s°m-≠n-cn-°p∂ temIØv Aa-c°m-c- -n-√msX h≈w Fßs IS-en¬In-S∂v Np‰n-s°m-≠n-cn-°p-∂pthmAXp-t]mse mw Po-hn-XØn¬ InS∂v Dgep-Ibm-bn-cn-°pw. - - `¿Ør-lcn AXn-s-°p-dn®v ]d-bp-∂Xnß-s-bmWv: √ Nfn-bp≈ Hcp Ipf-Øn-te°v B Cd-ßn-°-gn-™m¬ Bbv°v]pd-tØ°v Ibdm≥ Ign-bp-I-bn-√. B Hcp Imse-Sp-Øp-h-bv°p-tºmtgbv°pw AXns‚ at‰ Im¬ Nfn-bn- ¬ XmWp-t]m-Ipw.ASpØ Imse-Sp-Øp-h-bv°p-tºmƒ ho≠pw Nfn-bn-te°v XmWp-t]m-Ipw. F{X Imse-Sp-Øp-h-®mepw B oßp-I-bn-√. AtX-t]m-se-bmWv km[m-cW°m-cm-bn-cn-°p∂hcpsS Ah-ÿ. Ωƒ - -Pohn-X-Ønv adp-Ic Ds≠∂p IcpXn Hmtcm Imse-SpØv apt∂m-km£nbmbn Pohnbv°pI 175
  • 176. ´p-h-bv°p-t¥mdpw Im¬ AKm-[-amb amb-b-psS Nfn-bn¬ B≠-a¿∂v t]mhp- I - b m- W v . apt∂m´v {]bm- W - a p- ≠ m- I p- ∂ n- √ .F{Xsb{X {]Xn-k-‘n-bn-eq-sSbmWv ap-jy-Po-hnXw IS-∂p-t]m-Ip-∂-Xv? AsXms° Btem-Nn-®p--tm-°n-bn-´pt≠m? AXp-sIm≠v F√mw kØmbn ImWp-I. F√mw kXy-ambn ImWp-I. Ak-Xy-ambn ChnsS H∂pw-Xs∂ C√. Km‘nPn temI-Ønv ]Tn-∏n-®p-sIm-Sp-°p-∂Xv AXm-Wv. kXy-am-bn F√mw Adn-bp-I. F√mw kXy-sa-∂-dn-bp-tºmƒ AXns ⁄m-sa∂p ]d-bp-∂p. ⁄mw Fß-s-bmWv kw`-hn-°p-∂Xv? F√mw k-Xy-sa-∂p≈ Ap-`hw D≠m-Ip-tºmƒ AXv ⁄m-am-bn-Øocp-∂p. Aß-s-bp≈ ⁄m-nsb kw_-‘n-®n-S-tØmfw PohnXwBµw am{Xambn cn°pw. Ft∏mgpw B-µw. Kpcp AXn-s-°p-dn®p Cßs ]d-bp-∂p: “B-µ-°-S¬ s]mßn Xmt ]mbp-∂nXm ]c-s∂m-cp-t]m¬ ⁄mw sIm≠-Xn-tedn ]mw sNøp∂p ]c-a-lw-k-P-w.” ]c-a-lw-k-cmb Bfp-Iƒ ⁄mw-sIm-≠v kXy-Øn-tednIS¬t]mse B-µn-®p-sIm-≠n-cn-°p-∂p. Bµw IS-em-Ip-tºmƒB IS-en¬ Ae-am-e-I-fn-√. AXv ka-am-bn-s´m-gp-Ip-I-bm-Wv. Htc-t]mse Hgp-Ip-I-bm-W-Xv. AXn¬ kpJ-Zpx-J-ß-fpsS Zzµz-ß-fn-√. G‰ Cd-°-ß-fn-√. AXv B-µ-Øns‚ kam--am-bn-cn-°p∂{]hm-lam-bn-cn-°p-∂p. {]hmlw F∂p-t]mepw ]d-bm≥ Ign-bmØ -Ah-ÿ. {]hmlw D≠m-I-W-sa-¶n¬ H∂v as‰m-∂n-te-°v Hgp-I-Ww. F∂m¬ ChnsS AXn¬Xs∂ AXv Hgp-Ip-∂p. AXn¬Xs∂AXv {Inbm-flIam-bn-cn-°p-∂p. CXv Ωƒ D≈dnbWw. - - kØmbnn∂v, D]cn NnØmbn, c≠pw Hcp apØmbn. Cuaq∂p-Im-cy-߃ ]d-bp-tºmƒ CXn¬ kØv, NnØv, apØv. apØvF∂ Be-¶m-cn-I-`mj D]-tbm-Kn-°p-tºmƒ AXns BµwF∂p a- n-em-°Ww. Cn aq∂p-adnbpw lrØm-bn. aq∂v GsXm- -s°-bmWv? kØv, NnØv, B-µw. CXns aq∂n-tbpw Adn-bp∂ lrØv. lrØv F∂p ]d-™m¬ CXns aq∂n-tbpw Htc-k-abw Adn-™p-sIm-≠n-cn-°p∂ t_m[w F∂p a nem°Ww.At∏mƒ ChnsS aq∂v F∂p ]d-bm≥ Imc-Wap≠v. km[m-cW 176
  • 177. KXn-bn¬ Rm≥ Hcp hkvXp-hns Adn-bp-∂p. At∏mƒ hkvXpH∂v. Adn-bp-∂-h-m-bn-cn-°p∂ Rm≥ c≠v. Adn-bp-tºmƒ D≠m-Ip∂ Hcp kpJw. AXp aq∂v. Cu aq∂n-tbpw Htc-k-abwkm£n-bmbn Adn-™p-sIm-≠n-cn-°p∂ lrØv. km£nbmIs´Hcn-°epw I¿Xr-`m-h-an-√msX ⁄mXr-`m-h-an-√msX t`m‡r-`m-h-an-√msX Hcp Z¿∏-Ww-t]mse {]Xn^en∏n®p-sIm-≠n-cn-°p-∂p.shdpsX I≠p-sIm-≠n-cn-°p-∂p. Hcp tbmKn-bpsS PohnXw, At±-l-Øns‚ ap∂n-eqsS Fs¥√mw Ap-`h߃ IS-∂p-s]m-bvs°m- - -≠n- c p- ∂ mepw At±- l - Ø ns‚ D≈n¬ Hcp- X - c - Ø n- e p≈kzm[ohpw Ah sNep-Øp-∂n-√. At±-l-Øns‚ a- n¬ Hcp-X-c-Øn-ep≈ ]mSp-Ifpw hogvØp-∂n-√. AXmWv Hcp tbmKn-bpsSt_m[-Øns‚ {]tXy-I-X. Hcp IÆmSn H∂n-tbpw H∏n-sb-Sp-°m-sX shdpsX {]Xn-^-en-∏n-°p-∂-Xp-t]m-se-, Z¿∏-W-k-Zr-i-am-bn-cn-°p∂ t_m[-amWv Hcp tbmKn-bp-tS-Xv. Aß-s-bp≈ Hcp tbmKn Cu temI-Øn-¬ Pohnbv°ptºmƒAt±lsØ Hcn-°epw ap°p hne-bn-cp-Øm≥ Ign-bn-√. AXp-sIm-≠mWv Hcp sskIym-{Sn-Ãnpw Hcp sskt°m-f-Pn-ÃnpwHcp tbmKn-tbtbm Hcp _p≤-ttbm Hcp ⁄mn-tbtbm a- n-em-°m≥ Ign-bn-√ F∂p ]d-bp-∂Xv. a- p-≈n-StØmfw am{X- - -amWv Hcp ap-jys a‰p-≈-h¿°v a- n-em-°m≥ Ign-bp-I-bp-≈q. H-cmƒ°v thsdmcmsf a- n-em-°-W-sa-¶n¬ a- p-th-Ww.F∂m¬ ⁄mn°p a- n-√m-ØXp-sIm≠v ⁄mn-bpsS a v -Xntcm-`-hn-®-Xp-sIm≠v Hcp- n-ebv°pw Chsc a- n-em-°m≥Ign-bn-√. a»mkv{X⁄¿ ]cm-P-b-s∏-Sp-∂Xv ⁄m_p≤s‚a v a- n-em-°m≥ {ian-®v AXnp ]‰m-Ø-Xp-sIm≠m-Wv. sskt°m-f-Pn-bnse Hcp {]tXy-I-im-J-bm-b _ntl-hn-b-dnkwC∂p hnI-kn-®p-h-∂n´p-≠v. AXn¬ Hcmsf Abm-fpsS s]cp-am-‰w ImWp-tºmƒ Abm-fpsS h¿Ø-amw tIƒ°p-tºmƒ Abm-fpsS tNjvS-Iƒ ImWp-tºmƒ ]pd-Øp-n∂pw ap°v ho£n®pa- n-em-°msa∂p ]dbp∂p. Hcmƒ t^m_n-bm°mtWm amn-bm°mtWm yqtdm-´n-°m-tWm, sskt°m-´n-°m-tWm, kvIntkm-t{^-n-°mtWm Fs∂ms° ax-im-kv{X⁄-∑m¿ hne-bn-cp-Øp-∂Xv AbmfpsS s]cpam‰w tm°n-bn-´m-Wv. ax-im-kv{X-⁄-∑m¿ CØ-c-Øn¬ ap-jy-cnse s]cp-am-‰sØ tm°n C√mØkm£nbmbn Pohnbv°pI 177
  • 178. Imc-W-߃ ]d™v Ahsc tcmKn-I-fm-°n-Øo¿°m-dp-ap≠v.tm°q... Abmƒ S-°p-∂Xv CØncn {ZpX-K-Xn-bn-em-Wv. AXp-sIm≠v At±-l-Ønv am-kn-I-tcm-K-ap-≠v F∂p ]d-bpw. Hcpax-im-kv{X-⁄s‚ ASp-Øp-t]m-bm¬ B ax-im-kv{X- ⁄≥nßtfmSv BZyw ]d-bp-I, n߃ Hcp atm-tcm-KnbmsW-∂mWv.Cßs atm-tcm-Kn-sb∂p tIƒ°p∂ am{X-bn¬ Abmƒ atm-tcm-Kn-bm-bn-Øo-cp-∂p. ]ns∂ B atm-tcm-KØn-v At±lw NnIn- -’n-°p-∂p. CXmWv Hcp ax-im-kv{X-⁄≥ sNøp-∂-Xv. F∂m¬Hcp Ejn ]d-bp-∂Xv o k®n-Zm-µam-sW-∂mWv. n∂n¬ a- n- - -√. n∂nse a v Xm¬°m-en-Iambn n∂n¬ {]Xo-Xam-Ip-∂ - -Hcp ag-hn-√mWv. Hcp smSn-bn-SsIm≠v AsXms° ad-™p-t]m- -Ip-w. AXnv imiz-Xam-bn-cn-°p∂ Hcp D◊-bn-√. o k®n-Zm-µw- - -X-s∂-bm-Wv. F{X hyXy-kvX-am-bn-cn-°p∂ c≠v ho£-W-ß-fm-sW∂ptm°q. o kzX-{¥-m-Wv, _‘-ÿ√ F∂v Ejn ]d-bp-∂p. - -AjvSm-h{I-Ko-Xbn¬ AjvSm-h{I-apn P-ItmSv ]d-™p-sIm- - - - -Sp-°p-∂Xv o kzX-{¥-mWv F∂m-Wv. ns∂ Bcpw _‘n-®n-´n-√. Hcmƒ°pw ns∂ _‘n-∏n-°m≥ Ign-bn-√. At∏mgpw Ωƒkzbw hnNm-cn-°p-IbmWv Rm≥ _‘-ÿmWv F∂v. BcmWv - - -Ωsf _‘n-∏n-®n-cn-°p-∂Xv? B¿°pw Ωsf _‘n-∏n-°m≥Ign-bn-√. kz—-am-bn-cn-°p∂, kzX-{¥-am-bncn°p∂ BflmhnsH∂npw _‘n-∏n°m≥ Ign-bmØ amXncn k¿∆-hym-]IXtbm- - - -Sp-IqSn h¿Øn-°mmIpw. At∏mƒ ax-im-kv{Xhpw t_m[-im- -kv{Xhpw XΩn¬ A¥-cap-≠v. Hcp Kpcp ]Tn-∏n-®p-Xcp-∂Xv t_m[- - -im-k{X-am-W.v Adn-hns‚ imkv{X-am-W.v ⁄m-im-k{X-am-W.v ax- v vim-kv{X-a√. AXp-sIm≠v Fs¥-¶nepw sshjayw D≠m-Ip-tºmƒ -GsX-¶nepw Hcp ax-im-kv{X-⁄s‚ ASp-tØ°v HmSn-t∏m-Icp- -Xv. Abmƒ nßsf tcmKn-bm-°pw. nß-fpsS Ahÿ hfsc]cn-Xm-]-I-c-amb Xc-Øn-te°v Ah¿ sIm≠p-t]m-Ipw. ]ns∂n߃ Fs∂∂pw Hcp atm-tcm-Kn-bm-bn-Øs∂-bn-cn-°pw. AXn- -p≈ acp-∂p-Ifpw At±-lØns‚ ssIbn-ep-≠v. - AXp-sIm≠v mw a- n-em-°-pI. lrØm-bn Adn-bp-I. Pohn-X-Øn¬ F¥p-wXs∂ kw`-hn-t®m-s´. ZpxJ-߃ D≠m-bn-t°m- 178
  • 179. s´. ZpxJ-߃ Cs√-¶n¬]ns∂ Pohn-XØnv F¥v kpJ-am-Wp≈- -Xv. ZpxJ-߃ Pohn-X-Øns‚ Bg-Øn-te°p t]mIp-hm-p≈ HcphmXm-b--am-Wv. ZpxJ-Øn-eq-sS-bmW,v thZ--bn-eq-sS-bmWv ΩƒkpJ-Øns‚ Xo{hX Adn-bp-∂X.v thZ F∂ hm°v n߃ {i≤n- -®n´pt≠m? thZ F∂ hm°ns‚ apºn¬ kw F∂ D]-k¿§w-IqSn tN¿Øm¬ kwth-Zam-bn. kwth-Zw F∂p ]d-™m¬ - -Bflm-hns‚ {]Imiw ]pd-tØ-°p-h∂v Hcp hkvXp-hns‚ Adn-hnsH∏n-sb-SpØv Xncn®v AI-tØ°p sIm≠pt]mIp∂ Hcp {]{In-bbm- -Wv. Cu kwth-ZØn¬Xs∂ Ccn-°p∂ H∂mWv thZ-. F√m - -kwth-Zßfnepw thZbp≠v. HcΩ Ip™ns {]k-hn°p∂ ka- - - -bØv B Ip™v K¿`-]m-{X-Øn¬n∂v ]pd-tØ-°p-h∂v IÆp-Xp-d-°m≥ {ian-°p-tºmƒ B Ip™n-Xp kln-°p-Ibn-√. F¥m-WXv? -B Ip™ns‚ IÆn-te°v {]Im-iIn-cW߃h∂v thZ D≠m- - - -°p-∂p. BZysØ kwth-ZwXs∂ B Ip™nv thZ-bm-bn-Øo- -cp-∂p. Np‰p-]m-Sp-IfpsS thZ-bmWv BZyw B Ip´n°v Hcp {]l-cam- - - -bn-Øo-cp-∂X.v AXm-WXv ne-hn-fn-°p-∂X.v AXnv izmkw In´p-∂n- - -√. AXp-sIm-≠Xv ne-hn-fn-°p-∂p. F√m-ØcØn-epap≈ _p≤n-ap-´n- - -te-°mWv K¿`-]m-{X-Øn¬n∂v Hcp Ip™v Cd-ßn-hcp-∂X.v - - CXns IqSp-X¬ Atz-jn-®p-s®-√p-tºmƒ km[m-cW ax-im-kv{X-⁄¿ ]d-bp-∂Xv Cß-s-bm-W:v Ip™p-߃ K¿`-]m-{X-Øn-¬ D≠m-bn-cn-°p-tºm-gp≈ kpJw Xncn-®p-]n-Sn-°m-m-Wt{X ]n∂o-Sp≈ PohnXw-ap-gp-h≥ Ah¿ {ian-°p-∂X.v K¿`-]m-{X-Øn-em-bn-cp- -∂-t∏mƒ Ah¿ hfsc kpc-£n-Xcm-bn-cp-∂p. ]Wn-sbm-∂p-sa-Sp- -t°-≠. AΩ Xn∂p∂ `£-WØn¬n∂p≈ t]mj-Imw-i߃ - -Ip™np In´n-s°m≈pw. Ip™nv kz¥-ambn izmtkm-—m-kw -th≠. Ip™n-p-th≠n AΩ izmtkm-—mkw sNøp-∂p-≠.v AΩ-Xs∂ F√mw sNbvXp-sIm≈pw. Cßs hfsc kpc£nXambK¿`-]m-{X-Øn¬ InS∂ Ip™ns‚ kpJ-Icam-bn-cn-°p∂ Ahÿ - -Fs∂∂pw Hcp Ae´p∂ Hm¿Ωbmbn Ip™ns ]n≥Xp-Scp-∂p- -≠v. ax-im-k{X-⁄≥ Cßs ]d-bp-tºmƒ ax-im-k{X-{X-⁄p v va- n-em-ImsX t]mIp∂ Hcp- h-iap≠v. AΩ-bpsS K¿`-]{X-Øn- -en-cn-°p∂ kpJ-a√, adn®v Bflm-hn¬ Ωƒ ibn-°p-tºmƒ D≠m-bncp∂ kpJ-amWv Ωƒ ho≠pw Xnc-bp-∂Xv. Bflm-hn¬n∂pwPmX-ambn Bflm-hn-te-°p-Xs∂ Xncn-®p-t]m-Im-p≈ Hcp Atz-km£nbmbn Pohnbv°pI 179
  • 180. j-WamWv ΩpsS Pohn-XØn- p-≈q. A√msX K¿`-]m-{X-Øn- - -te°p Xncn-®p-t]m-Im--√. B[p-n-I-a-x-im-kv{X-Xv⁄-∑m¿Ct∏mƒ FØn-t®¿∂n-cn-°p∂ nK-aw ho≠pw Xncn®v K¿`-]m-{X-Øn-te-°p≈ Hcp bm{XbmWv apjyPohnXw F∂mWv.CsXmcp Akw-_-‘-am-Wv. CXp-t]mse Hcp-]mSv Akw-_-‘-߃sIm- ≠ v ]m›m- X y- a ximkv { Xw mdp- ∂ p- ≠ v . ]t£,B¿°pw Cu m‰w Xncn-®-dn-bm≥ Ign-bp-∂n-√. F∂m¬ Kpcpap°Xp a- n-em-°n-Ø-cp-∂p-≠v. Ωƒ Bflm- h n¬n∂v PmX- a m- I p- ∂ p. Bflm- h n¬ibn®t∏mƒ Bflm-hp-ambn XmZm-fly-s∏´ncp∂t∏mƒ D≠m-bncp∂ kpJ-Øn-te-°p-Xs∂-bmWv Hmtcm-n-an-jhpw Xncn-®p-t]m- -Im≥ B{K-ln-°p-∂Xv. A√msX K¿`-]m-{X-Øn-te-°√. G‰hpw - -henb K¿`-]m{Xw Bflm-hns‚ K¿`-Kr-lam-Wv. B K¿`-Kr-l- -Øn¬n-∂mWv Ωƒ PmX-am-bn-cn-°p-∂Xv. `uXn-Iambn tm°p- - -tºmƒ AΩ-bpsS K¿`-]m-{X-sØ-°p-dn®p ]d-bp-∂p-s≠-¶nepwB≤ym-flZr-jvSn-bn¬ G‰hpw henb K¿`-]m{Xw F√m-‰n-tbpw -{]k-hn-°p∂ AΩbmb B-flm-hm-Wv. CXns kIew s]dpwBZn-_oPw F∂p Kpcp ]d-bpw. AXns Ωƒ lrØmbn n∂-dn-bWw. F√mw ImWp∂p F√mw tIƒ°p∂p F√mw aW-°p∂pF√mw cpNn-°p∂p. Cu {]{Inbbnse√mw km£nbmIWw F∂p]d-bp-tºmƒ Nne Imcy-߃ CXn¬ a- n-em-°Ww. Ω-psS -PohnXw IqSp- X ¬ [ymm- fl - I - a m- ° m≥ BZyw sNtø≠XvGsXmcp Ap-`hw D≠m-Ip-tºmgpw ‘Rm≥ Adn-bp-∂h≥’ ‘Adn- -b-s∏-Sp∂ hkvXp’ Ch c≠n-tbpw Ωƒ Hcp-an-®dn-bWw. km[m- - -cW Adn-bp-∂Xv Aß-s-b-√. Adn-hns‚ kµ¿`-Øn¬ Chc≠n-tbpw H∂mbn Adn-bWw. Adn-bs∏-Sp∂ hkvXp-hn-tbpw - -Adn-bWw. Adn-bp∂ Ft∂bpw Adn-bWw. - - Ct∏mƒ Rm≥ tai ImWpI-bm-sW-¶n¬ ImWp∂-h-mbFt∂bpw ImW-s∏-Sp∂ taitbbpw Hcp-an®p ImW-Ww. Dƒ°-Æp-sIm≠p ImW-Ww. Cu IÆnsbmWv aq∂m-asØ IsÆ∂pZ¿iimkv{XØn¬ ]d-bp-∂-Xv. aq∂m-asØ IÆp-sIm-≠mWvCu taitbbpw Ft∂bpw Rm≥ ImtW-≠-Xv. Cu c≠p IÆp-sIm≠v Fn-°n-Xns ImWm≥ Ign-bn-√. Cu taisb ImWWw,ImWp∂ Fs∂bpw ImW-Ww. F¥p-sIm≠v ImWWw? F∂n- 180
  • 181. se-Øs∂ Bfl-N-£p- p-sIm≠v ImW-Ww. Ahn-sS-bmWv[ymw AXns‚ kzm`m-hn-I-X-bn¬ hcp-∂-Xv. A√msX Fn°oIÆp-sIm-≠p-Im-Wm≥ F¥v {]bm-k-am-Wp-≈Xv? Hcp {]bm-k-hp-an-√. AXn-semcp [ym-hp-an-√. Fs∂ Rm≥ am‰n-n¿ØpI-bmWv Cu {]{Inbbn¬ sNøp-∂-Xv. Fs‚ ico-c-tØbpw a- n-tbpw am‰n-n¿Øn-s°m≠v Cu tai F∂n¬n∂pw Ay-am-sW∂v Rm≥ Adn-™p-sIm-≠n-cn-°p-tºmƒ H∂p-In¬ Cutai Fn°v kt¥mjw Xcn-Itbm As√-¶n¬ ZpxJw Xcn-ItbmsNøpw. AXmWv D≠m-Im≥ t]mIp-∂-Xv. AXp-sIm≠v CXnsc≠n-tbpw Hcp-an-®-dn-bp∂ Hc-dn-hv, AXn-s-bmWv lrØv F∂p]d-bp-∂-Xv. lrØmbn n∂-dn-b-Ww. Cu km£n- s sN- X - y- a mWv Rm≥ F∂p t_m[y- s ∏- ´ p.AXnp hnØm-bn. AXn-s‚-sbms° hnØm-bn amdp-I-bmWvRm≥. hnØv F∂p ]d-™m¬ F¥mWv? hnsØ∂p ]d-™m¬Imc-Ww. Hcp hnØn¬n-∂t√ Hcp acw D≠m-Ip-∂-Xv. At∏mƒac-Øns‚ Imc-W-amWv hnØv. AXp-t]mse hnØm-bn˛Rm≥F√m-‰n-t‚bpw Imc-W-am-bn-Øo-cp-∂p. {]]-©-Øns‚ Imc-W-am-bn-Øo-cp∂p Rm≥. Imcy-a√ F∂p a- n-em-°-Ww. At∏mƒF∂nse Rm≥ ip≤-am-bn-cn-°p∂ Rmm-bn. ip≤-am-bn-cn-°p∂Rm≥ BcmWv? ip≤-am-bn-cn-°p∂ Rm≥ ssZhw-X-s∂-bm-Wv.Rmpw ssZhhpw cs≠∂ `mhw F∂n-en-√. ip≤-am-bn-t∏m-b-Xp-sIm≠v Zzµzw C√. FhnsS Zzµz-apt≠m AhnsS Aip-≤n-bp-≠v. Aip≤n F∂Xv Zzµz-Øn-em-Wv. A√msX mw ]e-t∏mgpwΩpsS nXy-Po-hn-XØn¬ ip≤n hcp-Øm≥ {ian-°p-IbpwΩpsS D≈n¬ Zzµzw D≠m-bn-cn-°p-Ibpw sNøp-tºmƒ BAip-≤nsb Ωƒ ImWp-I-bn-√. ΩpsS a v Aip-≤-am-bn-cn-°p-I-bm-Wv. a- n¬ Zzµz-ap-≠v. Fhn-sS-bmWv Ωƒ ip≤n-bm-tI-≠Xv? Ω-fpsS D≈n¬Ø-s∂-bmWv ip≤n-bm-tI-≠-Xv. AXp-t]mse hnsÆmSp acp-Øm-bn ˛ hnsÆ∂p ]d-™m¬BIm-iw, acpØv ˛ hmbp. CsXmcp [ym-am-Wv. CXp Ωƒioen-°-Ww. IÆp-IfS®v Ωƒ aw sNø-Ww. Rm≥X-s∂-bmWv BIm-i-w. Fn-s°m-cn-°epw F∂n¬n-∂-y-ambn CuBIm-isØ tXm∂p-I-bn-√. Rm≥ Xs∂-bmWv BIm-iw, Rm≥X-s∂-bmWv hmbp, Rm≥ X-s∂-bmWv A·n, Rm≥X-s∂-bmWvkm£nbmbn Pohnbv°pI 181
  • 182. Pew, Rm≥X-s∂-bmWv `qan-. Cßs Cu {]]©w apgp-hpwRmm-bn Ap-`hn-°m≥ Ign-bWw. At∏mƒ ap°v H∂n-tmSpw - -AyXzw tXm∂p-I-bn-√. CXv Kpcp sΩ ]Tn-∏n-®p-X-cn-I-bm-Wv.k∂ymkw F∂Xv Im´ntem Kpl-bntem t]mbn-cn-°p-∂-h¿°vam{X-ap-≈-X-√. Chn-sS-Ø-s∂-bn-cp∂v F√m-h¿°pw Ah-cpsSt_m[sØ k¿∆-hym-]-I-X-bp-≈-Xm-°n-Øo¿°m≥ Ign-bpw.AXn-p-th-≠n-Ø-s∂-bmWv Ωƒ Pn-®n-´p-≈-Xv. A√msX Chn-sS-h∂v Ipd-®p-Imew GsX-¶nepw Hm^o-kn-sem-s°-t∏mbn ]Øp-ap-∏-Xp-h¿jw tPmen-sNbvXv s]≥j≥]‰n ho≠pw kpJ-ambnPohn-°m-sa-∂v hnNm-cn®v Pn®X√. CXmWv e£yw. ]c-a-km-£m-Xv°m-c-ap-≠m-I-Ww. Hcn-°¬ Hcp Kpcp-hns‚ ASp-tØ°v Hcp injy≥h∂p. Cuinjys‚ t]cv m≥˛-C≥ F∂m-Wv. Ign-°p∂ m≥ A√. Iptd-°mew B injy≥ Kpcp-hns‚ ASp-Øp-n∂v XØzßsfms°]Tn-®p. F¥mtWm ]Tn-t°-≠Xv AsXms° tI´p ]Tn-®p.F∂n´pw Adnhv ]q¿Æ-am-bn-√. ]q¿Æ-am-Im-Ø-Xp-sIm≠v Kpcp]d™p: “ns∂ Rm≥ thsdmcp Kpcp-hns‚ ASp-tØ°phnSpIbmWv. At±-l-Øns‚ ASp-Øp-t]mbn o Ipd-®p-ImewXma-kn-®p ]Tn°q. At±lw n°v Ah-km-sØ anp-°p-]Wn Xcpw.” Hcmƒ ⁄mn-bm-Ip-∂Xns‚ Ah-km-Øn¬ Hcp amÃ-dpsS - -nd™phgnbp∂ Hcp Ap-{K-l-ap-≠v. B amÿS®v At±-l-Øns‚ ssIbn¬n∂pw In´p-sa∂v ]d-™p. Kpcp ]d™ BamÃ-dpsS hoSv hfsc AI-se-bm-bn-cp-∂p. m≥-˛C≥ Znh-kß- - -tfmfw bm{X sNbvXv Ahn-sS-sb-Øn. AhnsS FØn-b-t∏mƒAt±-lØnp ImWm≥ Ign-™Xv, Hcp hgn--tbmc- k-{X-am-Wv. Ahn- -sS-s®∂v Kpcp-sImSpØ IØv k{Xw kq£n-∏p-Im-cv sImSp-Øp.At∏mƒ k{Xw kq£n-∏p-Im-c≥ ]d-™p: “Rm≥ Hcp km[m-cW ap-jy-m-Wv. Rm≥ Hcp Kpcpshm∂pa√. Fn°v hmbn-°m≥ Adn-bn-√. Fn°p ]d-™p-Xcmpw Adn-bn-√. thW-sa-¶n¬ n߃ Ipd-®p-Zn-hkw ChnsS nt∂m-fq. Fs¥-¶nepw a- n-em-°Wsa-¶n¬ Rm≥ sNøp∂ {]hrØnIƒ I≠p a- n- - -em-°n-s°m-≈p.” 182
  • 183. m≥-˛-C≥ BsW-¶n¬ Hcp-]mSp {KŸ-߃ hmbn®v HØncnImcy-߃ a- n-em-°nb Hcm-fm-Wv. At±lw hnNm-cn- ®p. Cuk{X-Øns‚ kq£n-∏p-Im-cn¬n∂v F¥p ]Tn-°mmWv? ChnsS -Nne-hgn-°p∂ kabw hrYm-hn-em-W.v Fs‚ Kpcp kabw If-bm≥th- -≠n shdpsX Fs∂ Np‰n-°p-Ibm-bn-cp-∂p. F∂mepw c≠p-aq-∂p-Zn- -hkw B k{X-Øn¬ Xma-kn-®n´v t]mIm-sa∂p m≥˛C≥ hnNm-cn-®p. cm{Xn-bm-Ip∂ ka-bØv Cu k{Xw kq£n-∏p-Im-c≥ sNøp-∂XvF¥m- s Wt∂m? k{X- Ø n¬ Bsc- ¶ nepw h∂n- ´ p- s ≠- ¶ n¬Ah¿°p≈ hncn-sbms° hncn®v sImSp-°p-∂p, Ah¿ `£Ww Ign®]m{X-ßsf√mw IgpIn hrØn-bm°n hbv°p-∂p. ]nt‰-Zn-hkw tcw -shfp-°p-tºmƒ Igp-In-h® ]m{X-߃X-s∂-sb-SpØv At±lw ho≠pwIgp-Ip-∂p, hncn-Isf√mw Ae-°p-∂p. AXv `wKn-bmbn hncn-°p-∂p. -CXp-Xs∂-bmWv F∂pw At±lw sNbvXp-sIm-≠n-cn-°p-∂X.v HcpXc- - -Øn-ep≈ ncp-’m-lhpw C√msX Hcp ZpxJhpw sshj-ayhpw C√msXAt±lw CsX-√mw kt¥m-jtØmsS sNbvXp-. Bfp-Iƒ h∂p-t]m- -Ip-∂p-≠.v CXp c≠v aq∂p Znh-k߃ I≠-t∏m-tg°pw m≥-˛C∂nv - - -hfsc t_md-Sn-®p. CsX-√mw F¥mWv ImWm-p≈Xv? Xncn®v m≥-˛-C≥ Xs‚ Kpcp-hns‚ ASp-tØ-°p-Xs∂ t]mbn. Kpcp-hn-tm-Sv tZjy-s∏-Sp-hm≥ XpS-ßn. Fs∂ shdptX ]‰n-°p-Ibm-bn-cp∂p At√. Hcp -alm-Kp-cp-hns‚ ASp-tØ°v ]d-™bb°p-Ibm-sW∂p ]d-™v Hcp - - v -k{Xw kq£n-∏p-Im-cs‚ ASp-tØ°v Fs∂ hn´p. Cß-s-sbms° Kpcp-hn-tmSp ]d-™t∏mgpw Kpcp hfsc n¿a- -apw im¥pw kuaypambn F√mw tI´p. At∏mƒ Kpcp tNmZn®p:“Ahn-sS-t]m-bn´v o F¥mWv I≠Xv? BZyw AXv ]d-bq.” At∏mƒm≥-˛C≥ ]d™p: “AhnsS H∂pw ImWmn√. Hcp k{Xwkq£n- -∏p-Im-c≥ cmhn-se-bpw sshIpt∂chpw ]m{X߃ IgpIn XpS®p - -hbv°p∂Xp ImWmw.” At∏mƒ Kpcp ]d™p: “A{Xbpw Imcy-߃ n°p a- n-em-b-t√m. ]m{Xw Igp-Ip-∂Xpw a‰pw oI≠t√m . A{X-Xs∂tb Pohn-XØn¬ ]Tn-°m-p≈q.” “AsX- - -¥mWv Kpcp Cßs ]d-bp-∂X?” m≥˛-C≥ tNmZn-®p. - v At∏mƒ Kpcp ]d-™p-sIm-SpØp: “CXp-t]m-se-bmWv Pohn-X-hpw. Ωƒ Pohn-®p-t]m-Ip-tºmƒ Ht´sd amen-y-߃ ΩpsSa- n¬ IS-∂p-Iq-Spw. At∏mƒ F√m-Zn-h-khpw Ωƒ a- nskm£nbmbn Pohnbv°pI 183
  • 184. IgpIn hrØn-bm-°n-h-bv°-Ww. F¥p sNøp-tºmgpw ΩpsSa v XpS®p hrØn-bm-°Ww. cm{Xn-kabØv InS-∂p-dßp-tºmƒ - - - -kz]vØn-eqsS Nne amen-y-߃ ΩpsS D≈n-te°p IS-∂p-h- -cpw. tcw shfp-°p-tºmƒ ]nt∂bpw AXv XpS®p hrØnbm°nhbv°Ww. C{Xtb Pohn-XØn¬ ]Tnt°≠Xmbn´p≈p.” - sk≥_p-≤n-k-Øn¬ Pohn-XXØzw ]Tn∏n°p-∂Xv Pohn-X-Øn¬n∂v H∂pw Hfn-t®m-Sm-n√ F∂-Xm-Wv. Kpcphpw ]d-bp-∂Xv AXp-Xs∂-bm-Wv. Pohn-XØn¬n∂pw Hfn-t®mSn Hcp Pohn- - -Xhpw ap°p Pohn-t°-≠. Fhn-sS-bmtWm n߃ Pohn-°p-∂Xv AXn¬ B-µn®v AXv Pohn-XØns‚ ZuXy-ambn Gs‰- -SpØv AXv Bfl-km-£m-X°m-cambn t_m[y-s∏´v Pohn-°p-tºmƒ v -Hcp-XcØn-ep≈ _‘-hpw n߃°p≠m-Ip-∂n-√. I¿ΩØns‚ - -^e-Øn-ep≈ B{K-lw nß-fn¬ C√m-Xn-cp-∂m-¬ aXn. B I¿Ω-Øn¬ n߃ B-µn-°p-I. Hcp Nn{X-Im-c≥ Nn{Xw hc-bv°p-∂-Xp-t]mse... Hcp inev]nbpsS sImØp]Wnt]mse... Hcp¿ØIs‚rØwt]mse... GXp I¿Ωhpw n߃°p sNømw. ]t£, BHcp Ah-ÿbn-te°v hc-Wsa-¶n¬ Bfl-t_m-[Øns‚ sXfna - - -nß-fn¬ D≠m-IWw. Cs√-¶n¬ n߃°Xp sNøm≥ Ign-bp- -I-bn-√. AXns√-¶n¬ n߃ F¥p-sN-bvXmepw AXp _‘wD≠m-°pw. I¿Ωw _‘-Øn-te°p hcp-∂Xv ⁄mw nß- -fn¬ C√m-Xn-cn-°p-tºm-gm-Wv. t_m[-Øns‚ sXfna C√m-Xn-cn-°p-tºm-gm-Wv. AXp-sIm≠v k¿∆-Øn-tbpw Ωƒ BflZ¿iØns‚ ]›mØeØn¬n∂pw ImW- W w. PohnXØns‚Bhnjv°mcw B ]›mØeØn¬n∂pw XpSßs´. ZrjvSn apX-em-bv ˛ F√m C{µn-bßfpw ]©-`q-Xßfp-sams° - - -k®n-Zm-µam-Wv. F√mw PK-Zw-_bmWv. sImØm-bnSpw hnj-b- - - -hn-kvXm-ca∂aXn-Øm-hp-ambn hnekpw. sImØm-bnSpw ˛ sImØv - - - - -F∂p ]d-™m¬ ]q¶p-e, Iq´w. hnj-bhn-kvXm-cßfpsS hn]p-e- - - -am-bn-cn-°p∂ Iq´w. A∂w F∂p-]d-™m¬, Fs¥m-s°-bmtWm -ChnsS C{µnbtKmNcambn D≈Xv AsX-√mw A∂-am-Wv. IÆnvImgvN A∂-am-Wv. sNhn°v i_vZw A∂-am-Wv. Xz°nv kv]¿iwA∂-am-Wv. CsXms° A∂-ßfm-Wv. Cu A∂sØ `pPn-°p-∂- -h-s-bmWv AØmhv F∂p ]d-bp-∂Xv. AZn-°p-∂h≥ F∂p ]d- - - 184
  • 185. ™m¬ `£n-°p-∂h≥. Cu AØm-hm-bn-cn-°p-∂Xpw hnj-bß- - -fm-bn-cn-°p-∂Xpw Hs° `h-Xn-Xs∂. tZhn-b√msX H∂pw Chn- - -sS-bn-√. At∏mƒ Kpcp ]d-bp∂ kI-ehpw D≈-Xp-Xs∂ F∂ ⁄mclkyw ap°p t_m[y-s∏-Sp-∂p. XØz-Nn-¥m-{K-l≥ Bbn-cn-°-W-sa∂p am{Xw. Ah≥ F√mw GI-am-bn {Kln-°p∂p. ambbmIp∂h≥]I Abmsf _m[n-°p-∂n-√. ]e-Xm-b {`aw D≠m-Ip-∂n-√. 185
  • 186. H≥]Xv `qhmZn `qX-a-Xn-m-hm-k-an√ `h˛ Zm`m-kaman-X-dn-hn˛ ∂m`m-hn-ti-j-a-Xn-m-hm-k-an-ßp-e-In˛ em]m-ZnXw `h-Xn-bm¬ mhm-Zn- X≥ hnj-bn-Xm-hm-k-a-‰ `h˛ Zm-`m-k-amsI hnekpw tZymhm-W-Xns‚ aln-am-hm-c-dn™p P˛ o! hmgvØp-hm-p-a-cp-tX!`qhmZn `qXaXnv ˛ `qan apXemb ]©`qX߃°vBhmkan√ ˛ kzbta D◊bn√.shdpw B`mkamw ˛ Ah shdpw anYymZriyßfmWv.CXv ˛ {]]©mp`hßsf√mwAdnhn≥ B`mhntijw ˛ Adnhns‚ hntijcq]Ønep≈ tXm∂epIfmWv.AXnv Bhmkw ˛ {]]©mp`hßfpsS nen¬]vCßv DeIn¬ ˛ Cu temIØn¬B]mZnXw `hXnbm¬ ˛ `hXnsb B{ibn®v am{Xap≈XmWv.mhmZnX≥ ˛ mhp XpSßnb C{µnb߃°vhnjbnXmhmka‰ ˛ hnjbambnØocmØ`hZmhmkw ˛ AΩbpsS hmkÿmwBsI hnekpw ˛ k¿hØntbpw {]Zo]vXam°p∂tZymhmWv ˛ Adnhns‚ BImiamWv.AXns‚ alnamhv ˛ AXns‚ alnamXntcIwBcdn™p ˛ BcmWv Adn™n´p≈Xv.Pn ˛ hnizØns‚ AtΩhmgvØphmpacptX ˛ AΩbpsS hmgvhns h¿Æn°phm≥t]mepw Ignbp∂n√t√m. 186
  • 187. ⁄mhnlmb ns‚ alna hmgvØphmpacptX ˛ `hXnsb hmgvØphm≥t]mepwhm°pIfn√. Cu ]d™sXm∂pwXs∂ PnbpsS ]q¿ÆXsbDƒs°m≈p∂X√ ]ZmhenIf√. ]dbpt¥mdpw hm°p-IfpsS _ew -Ipd™phcp∂p. ⁄mPnsb°pdn®p ]dbptºmƒ, cmPtbmKPnsb°pdn®p ]dbptºmƒ hm°pIfpsS i‡n £bn®phcp∂p.hm°pIƒ ]cntabßfmbncn°p∂XpsIm≠v A{]tabssh`hbmbPnsb hmgvØphm≥ Ignbp∂n√. HcpXcØnepw hm°psIm≠vtZhnbpsS apgph≥ cq]tØbpw h¿Æn°m≥ Ignbp∂n√. AXp-sIm≠vKpcp ]d-bp∂p: hmgvØp-hm-p-acptX. - `qhmZn `qXaXnmhmkan√. `qhv F∂p ]d™m¬ `qan. `qanapXemb ]©`qX߃s°m∂pwXs∂ Bhmkan√˛kzX{¥ambD◊bn√. F√m D◊bpw PnbpsS D◊bmWv. AXpt]mse shdpwB`mkamanXdnhn≥˛Adnhn¬ D≠mbnamdnadnbp∂ {]XoXnIƒam{XamWh. B`mkw F∂m¬ ]d™m¬ tXm∂emWv .shfn®Øn¬ ap°p tXm∂n®ps°m≠ncn°pw, CXp amhmWv,CXp sXßmWv, CXp hyXykvXßfmb cq]ßfmWv Fs∂ms°.AsX√mw PnbpsS D◊bmWv. hyXykvXßfmbn Fs¥ms°ImWp∂pthm AsXms° tXm∂epIfmWv. B`mkßfmWv. CXdnhn≥ B`mhntijw. B` F∂m¬ {]Imiw. ^nenaneqsSshfn®w ISØnhnSptºmƒ kv{Ion¬ sXfnbp∂ Nn{X߃°vhmkvXhnIambn D◊bns√¶nepw Ahbv°v B`mhntijap≠v.B`mhntijw F∂p ]d™m¬, kv{Ionep≈ shfn®ØnpwCcp´npw ΩpsS IÆpIfn¬n∂pw IÆpocns sIm≠phcmpw ΩpsS D≈n¬n∂v s]m´n®ncnsb DXn¿°mpw Ωn¬`bw Pn∏n°mpw Ignbpw. shdpw Ccp´nt‚bpw shfn®Ønt‚bpwGdnamdenv C{Xbpw i‡nbps≠∂p mw a nem°ptºmƒΩpsS a n¬ S°p∂ Cu B`mhntij߃°v, Cu{]XoXnIƒ°v ]ns∂ Ωn¬ Fs¥ms° hnImchnt£m`߃hcpØn°qSm? Hcp Sn.hnbntem Hcp Xnc»oebntem sXfnbp∂⁄mhnlmb ns‚ alna 187
  • 188. Nn{X߃°v Hcp hy‡nbpsS D≈n¬ Hcp]mSp hnjaXIƒ D≠m°m≥Ignbpw. H∂caWn°q¿tcw knna ImWp∂ Hcmƒ Nnet∏mƒs]m´n°cs™∂pw s]m´nsØdns®∂pw hcmw. Ip‰IrXy߃sNømp≈ t{]cW hf¿Ømw. Nnet∏mƒ BfllXybnteØpbn°mw. A{Xam{Xw i‡n B Xnc»oebnte°p IS∂phcp∂{]ImitcWp°ƒ°v Ds≠∂p≈Xv mw kzbta Ap`hn®n´p≈Imcyßfm-Wv. Aßs Xnc»oebn¬ sXfnbp∂ Ccpfpwshfn®Ønpw sΩ kzm[on°m≥ Ignbp∂ps≠¶n¬ ΩpsSa mIp∂ Xnc»oebn¬ sXfnbp∂ Cu B`mkNn{X߃°vFs¥ms° kw`hn∏n®pIqSm. (B`mkw F∂p ]d™m¬ tamiwF∂√, B`mkw F∂Xv Bflmhns‚ shfn®w a n¬X´n{]Xn^en°ptºmƒ D≠mIp∂ sshhn[yam¿∂ `mhcq]ßfmWv.)Cu {]Xn^enXambncn°p∂ OmbIfn¬ ap°v s]mSp∂s cmKhpwtZzjhpw hcpw. ΩpsS a n¬ ImWp∂ cq]ßtfmSv, a n¬D≠mIp∂ Ap`hßtfmSv H∂pIn¬ AanXamb Bk‡n Pn°pw,As√¶n¬ AanXamb hntZzjw Pn°pw. B]mZnXw `hXnbm¬˛Cu B`mk߃s°ms° CutemIØn¬ FhnsSbmWv Bhmkw AYhm FhnsSbmWvD◊bp≠mbncn°p∂sX∂p tNmZn®m¬ AXp `hXntbmSp tN¿∂pam{Xta D≈q. tZhnbns√¶n¬, t_m[ans√¶n¬ Bflmhns√¶n¬Adnhns√¶n¬ Cu Ap`hßsfm∂pw AhnsSbn√.Xnc»oebns√¶n¬ FhnsSbmWv knna HmSnbv°pI? t_m[ans√¶n¬ ]ns∂ FhnsSbmWv Ap`hw D≠mIp∂Xv? AXpt]mseF√m Ap`h߃°pw `hXntbmSp tN¿∂pam{Xta nen¬∏p≈q. mhmZnX≥ hnjbnXmhmka‰ `hXmhmkw BsI hnekpwtZymhmWv˛`hXnbpsS icnbmb D◊ mhpsIm≠p cpNn°m≥IgnbpIbn√. aq°psIm≠p aW°mtm sNhnsIm≠p tIƒ°mtmIÆpsIm≠p ImWmtm IgnbpIbn√. tZhn C{µnb{]Xy£a√.`hXnbpsS icnbmb D◊ BsI hnekpw tZymhmWv. A¥ambn{]Imin°p∂ NnZmImiamWv. `hXnbpsS icocw F√mbnSØpwhym]n®ncn°p∂ NnZmImiamWv. NnZmImiw F∂p ]d™m¬Adnhns‚ BImiw. Cu BImiØnemWv {]]©cNkw`hn°p∂Xv. NnZmImians√¶n¬ Hcp`hhpw D≠mIp∂n√.NnZmImiØnemWv F√m Ap`hßfpw NnØhrØnIfpw{]Xn`mkn°p∂Xv. NnXv F∂p ]d™m¬ Adnhv. B BImi 188
  • 189. Øns‚ alnamhv Bcdn™p-? ΩpsS _p≤nsIm≠v AXns{Kln°m≥ Ignbptam? AXns‚ alnamhv B¿°pw Adnbm≥Ignbp∂n√. Pnsb BgØn¬ Ap`hn°mmbn, Adnbmmbn Ωƒ _p≤nsIm≠pw Nn¥sIm≠psams° shdptX{]bXvn°p∂p. FhnsS Nn¥sb Dt]£n°m≥ Ignbp∂pthmFhnsS _p≤nsb hens®dnbm≥ Ignbp∂pthm AhnsS NnZmImiwkzm`mhnIambpw ap°v Ap`hthZyamIpw. AXv _p≤nsIm≠√._p≤nbpsS Xntcm`mhØm¬ Bflmhv kzbw {]Imin°p∂XpsIm≠v. Bflmhnp am{Xta Bflmhns AdnbmmhpIbp≈q. Bflmhns‚ D]m[nIfmb A¥°cWßfnepwC{µnbßfnepw PnbpsS ZnhytKlw HXpßp∂n√. PmRmsD]m[nIfpsS miamWv. At∏mƒ Bcdn™p F∂p tNmZn°ptºmƒ D]m[nsIm≠v Adnbm≥ IgnbpIbn√ F∂mW¿∞w. AXvA¥amWv. A¥Xsb Af°phmpw Adnbphmpap≈ HcpD]IcWhpw C∂n√. Hcp imkv{XØnpw AXp Is≠Øm≥Ign™n´n√. FhnsS mw a v Dt]£n°p∂pthm AhnsS NnZmImisØkzbw Adnbp∂ Adnhmbn mw amdp∂p. H∂nt‚bpw D]m[nbn√msXmw Adnbp∂p. AXpsIm≠mWv ]dbp∂Xv tZhn k®nZmµamWvF∂v. kØmWv˛kzbw D≠mbncn°p∂p. NnØmWv˛kzbw Adnbp∂p.BµamWv˛kzbw Bµn°p∂p. Rm≥ Ft∏mgpw D≈XmWv, Ft∏mgpwAdnbp∂p, Ft∏mgpw Bµn°p∂p F∂p a nem°Ww. Po!hmgvØphmp acptX. Cu AΩsb hmgvØphm≥t]mepw Ignbp∂n√.A{Xam{Xw Ah¿ÆobamWv. IhnIƒt]mepw Aßs ]mSp∂p: “A¥a⁄mXah¿Æobw Cu temItKmfw Xncnbp∂ am¿§w AXn¶seßms≠mcnSØncp∂p tm°p∂ a¿Øy≥ IYsb¥p I≠p.” apjy≥ Cu sIm®ptKmfØnsehnsSsbms°tbm Ccp∂v CuAXnhniZambncn°p∂ temIØns‚ apgph≥ D◊sb tm°n°mWm≥ {ian°ptºmƒ Ahs¥p a nemIm≥! koab‰BImiØnencp∂v Xmsg S∂p oßp∂ Hcp apjystm°nbm¬ Hcp s]mSn Nen°p∂Xpt]mse tXm∂pw. {]]©Øns‚ A¥hnimeXbn¬ apjy≥ F{X n mcw. F∂mepwB sNdnb apjyn¬ A¥amb {]]©w IpSnsIm≈p∂p⁄mhnlmb ns‚ alna 189
  • 190. F∂Xv A¤pXmXntcIw D≠m°p∂p. Kpcp Cu clkyw Hcpt«mIØn¬ shfn∏SpØp∂p: “s]mSnsbmcp `qhnekwJyas∏mSn°pƒ˛ s∏Spsamcp`qhnXnn√ `n∂`mhw.” Cu `qanbn¬ F{Xsb{X s]mSnIfmWv. F{Xsb{X s]mSnIƒtN¿∂n´mWv Cu `qan D≠mbncn°p∂Xv. F∂m¬ AXnse Hmtcms]mSn FSpØmepw B s]mSnbnsems° Cu `qan Ccn°p∂p≠v.`qanbn¬ Cu s]mSnIƒ Hmtcm∂pw Ccn°p∂p. ]nWvUmWvUØn¬{_“mWvUw Ccn°p∂psh∂pw {_“mWvUØn¬ ]nWvUmWvUwCcn°p∂psh∂pw Ejn ]dbp∂p. Ct∏mƒ B[pnIimkv{Xwt]mepwCßsbmWv Nn¥n®phcp∂Xv. B[pnI Pohimkv { Xw FØnt®¿∂ncn°p∂Xv , HcptImisØ FSpØv AXns‚ kq£vacq]Ønte°v ]cntim[n®psN∂m¬ B tImiØnsmcp {]]©LS Ds≠∂nSØmWv.tImiw {]]©Øns‚ anntb®¿ amXrIbmWv. AXnsmcptI{µhpw AXntmSp tN¿∂p≈ k©mc]Yßfpap≠v. B‰Øns‚LSbpw AßsXs∂bmWv . Hcm‰Øns‚ LSbmWvhnizØns‚ LSbmbncn°p∂Xpw. Aßs B[pnIimkvXcw]nWvUmWvUtØbpw {_“mWvUtØbpw kwtbmPn∏n®psIm≠vkwXpenXambncn°p∂ Hcp PohnX]Ÿmhv Ct∏mƒsh´nØpd∂psIm≠ncn°pIbmWv. Ct∏mƒ {]]© PohnXsØapºtØ°mƒ ka{Kambn ap°p ImWm≥ km[n°p∂p≠v.{]©Pohs‚ At⁄baWvUeßsf B[pnI imkv{Xw]q¿Æambn´ns√¶nepw Ipds®ms° kΩXn®p sIm≠ncn°p∂p≠v.Izm≠w sa°mnIvknse ]co£Wnco£W ߃ ssZhØns‚D◊sb imkv{Xw AwKoIcn°p∂Xpt]mse tXm∂n∏n°p∂p.ssZhw NqXm´°mc√ F∂ sF≥Ãns‚ {]kvXmhØn¬n∂vssZhw NqXpw Ifnbv°pw F∂ sslk≥ _¿Kns‚ An›nXXzkn≤m¥Øn¬ imkv{Xw X´n DS°n nev°pIbmWv. AeIvkn Imc¬ F∂ Nn¥I≥ ‘am≥ Z A¨tm¨’ F∂Hcp ]pkvXIw FgpXnbn´p≠v. AXn¬ At±lw tNmZn°p∂p:“Ωƒ apjys°pdn®p ]Tn°ptºmƒ, apjys‚ B¥cnILSsb°pdn®p ]Tn°ptºmƒ Hcp apjys‚ PUicocsØIodnapdn®mWv ]Tn°p∂Xv. PUicocsØ Iodnapdn®p ]Tn°ptºmƒAXn¬ D≠mbncnt°≠ Poh≥ AXn¬n∂pw jvSs∏´p 190
  • 191. t]mbncn°p∂p. PUsØ ]Tn®n´v Pohp≈ Hcp apjyn¬aps°ßs AXp {]tbmKn°phm≥ Ignbpw?” Pohp≈ GsX-¶nepw apjys‚ IpS¬ameIsfms° Iodnapdn®v ]Tn°phm≥Bsc¶nepw AphZn°ptam? Hcp saUn°¬ tImtfPn¬]co£WØnv hnt[bam°m≥ nßfpsS a°sf Bscsb¶nepwn߃ sImSp°ptam? aIttbm aItftbm Ipd®pmƒ]Tn®Xnptijw Xp∂n°q´n Xncn®pXcmw F∂p ]d™m¬ n߃kΩXn°ptam? hmkvXhØn¬ ]co£W߃ apgphpw S°p∂XvPUßfnemWv. PU-ßfn¬ ]Tn®v ssNX-y-ap≈ ico-cØn¬ ]co- - -£n-°p-tºmƒ D≠m-Ip∂ A]-IS߃ [mcm-fam-W.v AeIvkn Imc¬ -- -CXp FSp-Øp-]d™n-´p≈ kwK-Xn-bm-W.v - - CsXms° h®p-tm-°p-tºmƒ Kpcp-hns‚ Po h-cXva- - -RvPcn ap°v Nne Dƒsh-fn-®ßƒ Xcp-∂p-≠.v Pohn-XsØ kw_- -‘n®pw Z¿i-sØ kw_-‘n®pw Hs° ka{K-Xbp≈ ImgvN∏mSv - -Xcp-∂p-≠.v AXv ]q¿Æ-am-bn n߃°p a- n-em-°m≥ Ign-™pF∂p≈ A¿∞-Øn-epa√. F∂mepw Hcp ka-{K-Z¿i-ap-s≠-∂p -a- n-em-°Ww. AXn-te°v ]Sn-]Sn-bmbn Atz-jn®p`hn°m≥ - -IgnbWw. B Hcp {InbmflIXbmWv BZyw D≠m-bn-cn-t°-≠X.v -Atz-jn®p Is≠Øn Pohn-°m≥ Ign-bp∂ Hcp ka-{K-Z¿iwEjn-am¿ ΩpsS apºn¬ Ah-Xcn-∏n-®n-´p-≠.v AXn-te°vv Bflm¿∞- -ambn Atz-jWw S-Øp-hm-p≈ Xt‚-SamWv D≠m-bn-cn-t°-≠- -Xv. AXn-s√-¶n¬ F¥p-≠m-bn-s´¥p Imcyw? At∏mƒ Iptd-°qSnAtz-jn-°p-Ibpw Nn¥n-°p-Ibpw a- n-em-°p-Ibpw Adn-bp-IbpwPohs‚ ku`m-Ky-߃ apgp-h≥ Ap-`hn-°p-Ibpw sNøp∂ Hcp -]q¿Æ-ap-jy-Xz-Øn-te°v hf-tc≠ An-hm-cy-Xsb-°p-dn®v t_m[y- - -s∏-SpØmmWv Po h-cXvaRvPcn. - - - Cn Ipd-®p-kabw tNmtZym-Øc߃°pth≠n- D]-tbm-Kn-°mw. Ggp- - - -Zn-hkßfnse {]`mjWß-fn-eqsS ]eXpw tI´p. ]eXpw pdp-ßp-I- - - -fm-bn-´m-bn-cn°pw tIƒ°p-I. {]`m-jWßsfm-∂pw-Xs∂ ]q¿ÆXtbmsS - - -{Kln°s∏SWsa∂n√. AXp tI´p-Ign-™m¬ n߃°v ]q¿Æ--XtbmSv Hcp ApcmKw tXm∂mw. ]q¿ÆXbn te°p≈ Nne FØn-tm-´ßƒ am{Xta ChnsS ]d-™n´p≈q. {]tlfnImPyamb -PohnXØns‚ Ccp≠ Klzcßfn¬ sXfnbv°p∂ Ipd®p shfn-®wam{XamWnXv. kwi-bap≈ Cu Imcy-ßsfms° ap°v Ipd-®p-tcw - -kwkm-cn-°mw. At∏mƒ Iptd-°qSn sXfn®w nß-fn¬ D≠m-Ipw.⁄mhnlmb ns‚ alna 191
  • 192. {]ivtmØcntNmZyw: Ggp Znhkßfnembn S∂ {]`mjW߃ Ap`hkm{µambncp∂p. NnebnSßfnsems° Ipd®pIqSn efnXam°nbncps∂¶n¬ F∂p tXm∂nbncp∂p?DØcw: CXp efnXam°m≥ hfsc Ffp∏amWv. ]t£, kmcwjvSs∏´pt]mIpw. efnXam°pt¥mdpw D≈S°w jvSs∏´pt]mIpw. D≈S°sØ ]nSn°ptºmƒ efnXw AefnXambnØocpIbpw sNøpw. Cu sshcp≤yw CXnep≠v. efnXam°nbm¬ kmcwjvSs∏Spw. Kpcphns‚ Z¿iØnv KlXbp≠v. ISenvBgap≈Xt√ ISens‚ Kmw`ocyw. ISens‚ Bgw ImcWwR߃°Xns a nem°m≥ Ignbp∂n√, AXns Ipd®pBgw Ipd™Xm°q F∂p ]d™m¬ ]ns∂ ISens¥pKmw`ocyw? ISens Ipfam°nbm¬ ISens‚ Kmw`ocyw Ap`hn°m≥ Ignbptam? AXpt]msebmWv B≤ymfln IIrXnIfpsSKlXbpw. AXns‚ kmcw jvSs∏SpØn °gn™m¬, AXns‚Ap`qXnkº∂X jvSs∏´pt]mIpw. AXpsIm≠v F{Xam{XwKlam°m≥ Kpcp°∑m¿ {ian®n´pt≠m A{Xam{Xw Klam°nbmWv Ah¿ ]d™ncn°p∂Xv. Hmtcm hm°nt‚bpw D≈n¬{]thin°phmmbn t{]a]pc cap≈ X] v BhiyamWv. BX] ns ntj[n®v D]cnπhambncn °p∂Xns am{Xw cpNn°p∂Xv F{X AtcmNIambncn°pw. D≈nbpsS tXmseSpØvIdnh®pX∂m¬ ap°v CjvSs∏Sptam? D≈nencn°p∂Xnsbt√D≈n F∂p ]dbp∂Xv. AXpt]mse B≤ymflnIIrXnIfpsSkmcsØ kmcambnXs∂ AdnbWw.tNmZyw: inthmƒ-lw inthmƒ-lw F∂ a{¥Ønp Fs¥¶nepwA¿∞apt≠m? Npcp°n ]d™pXcmtam?DØcw: ap°p ImWm≥ Ign-bp∂ Cu temI-Øn¬ Fs¥-¶nepw H∂n-s-sb-SpØv CXmtWm ]c-am-flmhv F∂p tNmZn- 192
  • 193. ®m¬ Ωƒ DS-Sn ]d-bpI A√ F∂m-bn-cn-°pw. AsX- ¥p-sIm-≠mWv A√ F∂p ]d-bp-∂-Xv? F∂m¬ ho≠pw thsdmcphkvXphns Nq≠n CXmtWm ]c-amflm-hv F∂p tNmZn-®m¬,At∏mgpw A√ F∂p ]dbpw. GsX-¶nepw H∂n-s-sb-SpØv AXp]c-am-flmht√ F∂p tNmZn-°p-tºmƒ A√ F∂p ]d-bp-hm≥ImcWw, AXv ]c-am-flmh-√m-ØXp-sIm-≠√. AXv ]c-am-flm- - -hmWv F∂p ]d-bp-tºmƒ thsdmcp hkvXp ]c-am-flmh√ F∂vAXn¬ nln-Xamb Hc¿∞w hcp-∂Xp-sIm≠mWv. Ωƒ Hcp - -taisb Nq≠n-s°m≠v CXp ]c-am-flm-ht√ F∂p tNmZn-®m¬A√ F∂p ]d-bp-∂Xv tai ]c-am-flm-h√mØ-Xp-sIm-≠√. tai -]c-am-flm-hmWv F∂p ]d-bp-tºmƒ A∏p-dØncn-°p∂ Itkc]c-am-flm-h√ F∂p hcpw. At∏mƒ ]camflmhnv ]pdØvthtdbpw AkvXnXIƒ Ds≠∂p hcpw. D]-n-jØv ]d-bp-∂XvCß-s-bmWv: Fs¥ms° ImWp-∂pthm Fs¥ms° tIƒ°p-∂pthm Fs¥ms° Nn¥n-°p-∂pthm AsXms° ]cn-an-Xam-bn- -cn-°p∂ Adn-hp-Ifm-sW∂mWv. AXp-sIm≠v B ]cntabXIsf -Hmtcm-∂n-tbpw nc-kn-t°≠nbncn°p∂p. Aßs nc-kn®p nc-kn®v F√m ]cn-ta-bXIfpw nc-kn- - -°s∏´p Ign-bp-tºmƒ ap°v Cnsbm∂ns nc-kn-°m≥ Ign- - -bmsX hcp-∂p. B H∂v Fs¥∂p tNmZn-®m¬, BcmtWm CXn-s-sbms° nc-kn-°p-∂Xv B BfpXs∂-bm-W.v RmmWv CXn-s-sbms° nc-kn-°p-∂sX-¶n¬ Ah-kmw Fs∂ Fn°v nc- -kn-°p-hm≥ Ign--bn-√, ntj-[n-°m≥ Ign-bn-√. AXp-sIm≠v Rm≥F∂ kØ, (Al-¥tbmSp tNcp∂ kØ-b√) aq∂p ImeØpw - -imiz-Xam-bn-cn-°p∂ Hcp Rm≥, Aßs nc-kn-°m≥ Ign-bm-Xn- -cn-°p∂ Hcp kØ F∂ A¿∞-Øn¬ ‘inh’F∂p ]d-bmw. CXvnXyamb kØbv°v sImSp°p∂ Hcp t]cp am{X-am-W.v thW-sa-¶n¬ A≈m F∂p ]d-bmw. kz¿§-ÿmb ]nXmsh∂p ]d-bmw. -ntj-[n-°m≥ Ign-bmØ B A-¥Xsb Alp-cakvX F∂p - -]d-bmw. auw F∂p ]d-bmw. Ap-`qXn F∂p ]d-bmw. Ap{KlwF∂p ]d-bmw. F¥p ]d-™mepw ntj-[n-°m≥ Ign-bmØ H∂v,F{X ntj-[n-®mepw F{X X-≈n-°f™mepw X≈n-°fbm≥ Ign- - - - -bmØ H∂v. B H∂n-sbmWv ssZhw F∂p ]d-bp-∂X.v At∏mƒ -ssZhw F{X nc-kn-®mepw X≈n-°fbm≥ Ign-bm-Ø{X kXy-am- - -bn-cn-°p∂ H∂m-Wv. AXns inh-s∂p i¶-cm-Nm-cy¿ ]d-bp-∂p.{]ivtmØcn 193
  • 194. B inh-mWv Rm≥˛ inthmƒlw inthmƒ-lw. AXv Ap-`q-Xn-Zi- -bn¬ ]d-bp-∂Xm-W.v Ωƒ CXv ]d-bp-tºmƒ A{Xbv°v Bp-`q-Xn- -I-amb Bgw In´n-sb∂p hcn-Ibn-√. Cu inthmƒ-lw ap-s°mcp -km[m-cW NnØ-hrØn am{X-am-bn amdm≥ CS-bp-≠.v i¶-cm-Nm-cy¿°vAsXmcp Ap-`ham-bn-cp-∂p. inh Hcp tZhXmaq¿Ønb√. inh - -k®nZmµamWv. B-µØns‚ ]mc-ayw. F∂p ]d™m¬ Rm≥ -B-µØns‚ ]mc-ay-amWv F∂mWv. AXp-sIm≠v Rm≥ rØw -sNøp-∂p. inhs‚ B-µelcn. inthmƒ-lw inthmƒ-lw F∂p ]d- - -™m¬ Rm≥ B-µØns‚ ]mc-ay-am-sW∂p a- n-em-°n-bm¬ aXn. -tNmZyw: kzman IΩyq-Wn-t°-js-°p-dn®v ]d-™t∏mƒ Hcp amt- - -P¿°v k_v˛Hm¿Un-t‰v seh-en¬ kw`-hn-°p∂ IΩyq-Wn-t°-j- --≥ Kym∏ns ]cm-a¿in-°p-Ibp-≠m-bn. AsXm-∂p-IqSn hni-Zo-Icn- - -°mtam? AsXmcp CutKm- b psS `mK- a mtWm? B HcpIΩyqWnt°j≥ Kym∏v Fßs Hgn-hm°mw F∂p kzman H∂p-IqSn hni-Zo-Icn-°mtam? -DØcw: CXp hfsc {]mtbmKnIamb Hcp tNmZy-am-Wv. F¥p-X-s∂-bm-bmepw C∂v km[m-cW PohnX-Ønse km[m-cW tPmen-I-fn¬ {]tXy-In®pw Hcp t{]m^-j-p-am-sbms° _‘-s∏-´n-cn-°p-tºmƒ Cu tNmZy-Ønv hfsc {]k-‡n-bp-≠v. IΩyq-Wn-t°-j≥ F∂p ]d-™m¬ Hcm-fpsS D≈n-en-cn-°p∂ Bibwthsdm-cm-fpsS D≈n-te°v FØn-®p-sIm-Sp-°p∂ coXn-sb-bm-Wv.Abm-fXv a- n-em-°p-hm≥ ΩpsS D≈n-en-cn-°p∂ BibsØ`mj-bn-eqsSbpw BwKy-Øn-eqsSbpw c≠p Xc-Øn¬ ap°vshfn-s∏-Sp-Ømw. H∂v hmNn-Iam-bn-cn-°p∂ `mj (meta-language). -Cn thsdmcp `mj-bp-≠v. Nn{X-`m-j (proto-language) Cu c≠pXc-Øn¬am-{X-amWv IΩyq-Wn-t°-j≥ kpkm-[y-am-hp-I-bp-≈q.Rm≥ IΩyq-Wn-t°-j-n¬ F{X Ign-hp≈ Bfm-bmepw Rm≥IΩyq-Wn-t°-j≥ S-Øp-tºmƒ Fs∂ h‡mhv F∂mWv ]d-bp-∂-Xv. RmXv ]d-bp∂ Hcm-fm-Wv. F∂m-eXv tIƒ°p∂hy‡n Bi-bsØ ]q¿Æ-ambn Dƒs°m-≈m≥ t]mcp∂ HcpXc-Øn-e-s√-¶n¬ AXn-n-S-bn-ep≈ Bi-b-hn-n-a-b-Øn¬ Hcp]cm-Pbw D≠m-Im≥ CS-bp-≠v. Bi-bØns‚ ]q¿Æ-am-bn-cn-°p∂ -kwth-Z--Ønp `wK-ap-≠m-°pw. IΩyq-Wn-t°-j-n¬ c≠p Imcy-߃ {]k-‡-ambn hcp-∂p-≠v. H∂m-a-Xmbn h‡mhpw t{imXmhpw Hcpt]mse A{K-K-Wy- 194
  • 195. cm-bn-cn-°Ww. Hcp Hm^o-kn-em-sW-¶n¬ amt-P¿ Nne-t∏mƒ √ -IΩyq-Wn-t°-j≥ kvIn√p≈ Bfm-bn-cn-°pw. ]t£, AXp-t]m-se-bm-bn-cn-°n√ tIƒ°p∂ hy‡nIƒ. Ct∏mƒ k_v˛Hm¿Un-t‰v --F∂p ]d-bp-tºmƒ AhnsS Hcp CutKm-bpsS {]ivw hcp-∂p-≠.vk_v F∂m¬ Xmsg F∂ A¿∞-Øn-em-W.v amt-P¿ F∂p ]d-bp-∂Xv apI-fn¬ n¬°p∂ Hcm-fm-W.v apI-fn¬ n¬°p∂ BƒXmsg n¬°p∂ Hcm-tfmSv Bi-bhn-n-abw S-Øp-tºmƒ amt- -P-cpsS CutKm {]¿Øn-°pw. Rm≥ amt-PcmWv. o Rm≥ ]d- -bp∂ Imcy-߃ tI´m¬ aXn. Ctßm-s´m∂pw sNmZn-t°≠F∂p≈ Hcp CutKm Fß-s-sb-¶nepw ]nSn-Iq-Sn-bn-cn-°pw. AXp-sIm≠v k_v˛Hm¿Un-t‰v F∂p ]d-bp∂ Hcp hy‡nsb Hcn- --°epw k_v˛Hm¿Un-t-‰mbn ImWp-∂n-StØmfwImew √ Hcp -- -IΩyq-Wn-t°-j≥ km[y-am-hp-Ibn-√. IΩyq-Wn-t°-j≥ km[y-am- -Ip-∂Xv FhnsSbmtWm Cu Unhn-j≥ jvSs∏-Sp-∂Xv Ahn-sS-bm-W.v FhnsS cs≠∂ `mhapt≠m AhnsS IΩyqWnt°j≥Kym∏v D≠v. ka`mhØn¬ IΩyqWnt°j≥ kpkm[yamIp∂p.tNmZyw: Po h-c-Xv-a-RvP-cn-bn-eqsS IS-∂p-t]m-b-t∏mƒAΩ-bmWv Cu temI-Øns‚ Imc-Ww, AΩ-bmWv F√mw F∂pa- n-em-bn. At∏mƒ B AΩsb Adn-bm≥ `‡n-tbm-Kw,⁄m-tbmKw, cmP-tbm-Kw. CXn¬ GXmWv {]mtbm-Kn-I-ambam¿§w? F√m-h-cp-tSbpw e£yw Cuiz-c-km-£m-XvIm-c-am-Wv.Fn-°p tXm∂p-∂Xv Cu Ien-bp-K-Øn¬ C∏d-™-Xn¬n∂v`‡n-°mWv {]m[myw F∂m-Wv.DØcw: sshZy-cpsS tNmZy-Øn¬ tNmZyhpw DØ-chpw D≠m-bn-cp-∂p. sshZy¿ ]d-bp-∂Xv `‡n-am¿§-amWv Cu Ien-bp-KØnv -tam£-Ønp Htc-sbmcp am¿§w F∂m-Wv. km[m-cW ΩƒtI´p-h-cp∂ am¿§-߃ aq∂m-Wv. `‡n-tbm-Kw, ⁄m-tbm-Kw,I¿Ω-tbm-Kw. ]ns∂ cmP-tbm-Kw. AXv Cu KWØn¬ hcp-∂n-√. CXv F¥n-mWv Cßs aq∂p tbmK-߃ FSpØp ]d-bp-∂-Xv? `‡n-tbm-K-Ønepw ⁄m-tbm-K-Ønepw I¿Ω-tbm-K-Ønepw kamambn D≈Xv tbmK-am-Wv. tbmKw F∂p ]d-™m¬F¥mWv? tbmKw F∂m¬ tbmPn-®n-cn-°p∂ Ahÿ. AXp-sIm≠v sshZy-cp-ambn Fn°v hntbm-Pn-∏n-√. Rm≥ sshZy-cp-am-bn tbmPn-®n-cn-°p-I-bm-Wv. `‡n-tbmKw ap°v tam£ØnvDX-Ip-∂-X√ F∂p Rm≥ ]d-bp-∂n-√.{]ivtmØcn 195
  • 196. F∂m¬ ap-jy-s-°p-dn®v mw Ipd-®Sp-Ødn-tb-≠Xm-bn-´p-≠v. - - -F√m ap-jycpw Hcp-t]m-se-b√. _lp-Pw ]e-hn[w F∂p Ωƒ -]d-bm-dnt√? Hmtcm ap-jypw Hmtcm XcamWv, sskt°m-fPn- -°¬ ssS∏v. Nne¿°v n mc Imcy-߃ tIƒ°p-tºm-tg°pwIÆn¬n∂pw IÆp-o¿ hcm≥ XpS-ßpw. A{X-am{Xw sshIm-cn-I-am-Wh¿. Ah¿°v Aß-s-sbm∂pw IqSp-X¬ Imcy-߃ Nn¥n- -°p-Itbm Adn-bp-Itbm H∂pw th≠. hfsc sNdnb Imcy-߃tIƒ°ptºmƒ Ic-™p-t]m-Ipw. IÆp-o¿ hm¿°pw. hnj-an-°pw.A—-t‚bpw AΩ-bp-tSbpw _‘p-°fp-tS-bp-sams° Np‰p-h´Øn¬ - - -kpc-£n-XXz-tØmsS Ign-™p-t]m-Ip∂ Hcp coXn-bm-Wh¿°njvSw. -Ft∏mgpw kvtlw thWw, ]c-kv]cw kvtln-°Ww, kvtl- -ap≈ hm°p-Iƒ ]d-bWw, kvtl-tØmsSbp≈ hm°p-Iƒ tI´n- -s√-¶n¬ Dd°w hcn-√. Aß-s- Hcp {]Ir-Xap≈ Bfp-Isf nß- -fpsS Np‰p-]m-Sn¬ n߃°v ImWm≥ Ign-bpw. Nne¿ Aß-s-b-√. Ah¿ ]d-bp-∂-Xv: Cß-s-sbm∂pwBbm¬ t]mcm. Ωƒ Fs¥-¶n-ep-sams° sNø-Ww. ns‚ IÆp-o-scms° If. Iptd tc-am-bt√m o Ic-bm≥ XpS-ßn-bn-´.v ΩpsSi‡n F¥n-p-th≠n Ωƒ D]-tbm-Kn-°Ww? ap°v cmjv{SsØ -Icp-∏n-Sn-∏n-t°-≠Xp-≠.v ΩpsS kaq-lsØ ∂m-t°-≠Xm-bn-´p- - -≠v. Hcph≥ Cßs ]d-bp-tºmƒ CXv I¿Ω-Øns‚ Hcp X≈n-®-bm-W.v BIvSo-hnkw F∂p ]d-bpw. at‰Xv Ctam-jWenkw BsW- - -¶n¬ CXv BIvSo-hn-k-am-Wv. CXns _me-Kw-Km-[c Xne-I≥F¿Pnkw F∂mWv ]d-bp-I. Du¿÷w Chcn¬ X≈n-hcp-∂p. -AXns F¥mWv sNtø-≠sX-∂dn-bmØXnm¬ I¿Ωam°n - -]cnWan∏n°p∂p. Cn Hcp Iq´w Bfp-Iƒ Cu ]d-bp-∂sXms° shdpw hnVnXzw -F∂p ]dbpw. CsXms° F¥m-Wv? ap-jys‚ Nn¥bvt°mAtz-j-W-Øntm Hcp ]cnlmcw CXv Xcp-∂n-√. Fs¥√mwkwi-b-ß-fmWv RßfpsS D≈n¬ InS-°p-∂-Xv. bp‡n-bp-‡-amb Hcp DØcw Bcpw Xcp-∂n-√t√m F∂h¿ tJZn°p∂p.At∏mƒ AhcpsS Xcw thsd-bm-Wv. Ah¿ bp‡n]q¿hwNn¥n°p∂hcmbXpsIm≠v Pn⁄mkp°fmWv. Cßs aq∂pXcw Bfp-I-sf-bmWv Ct∏mƒ Rmn-hnsS ]d-™-Xv. CXn¬ BZysØ Xcw BfpIƒ°v tNcp∂ Hcp coXnbmWvv`‡n-tbm-Kw. I¿Ωw sNøp∂ Bfp-Iƒ°p-≈XmWv I¿Ω-tbm- - 196
  • 197. Kw. Iptd-°qSn Atz-jn-°p-Ibpw hmbn-°p-Ibpw Nn¥n-°p-Ibpw Hs°sNøp∂ Bfp-Iƒ°v ⁄m-tbm-Kw. CXp aq∂pw thsd-thsd F∂p]d- b p- ∂ Xv hen- s bmcp A_- ≤ - a m- W v . Hcmƒ°pw CXnsH∂n¬n∂pw thsdm-∂n-te°v AS¿Øn-am-‰m≥ Ign-bp-Ibn-√. AXp- -sIm-≠mWv tctØ ]d-™Xv CXn¬ aq∂nepw Ccn-°p∂ Htc-sbmcp ]Zw tbmKw F∂-XmsW∂v. B tbmK-Øns‚ kz`mhwtm°p-IbmsW-¶n¬ FhnsS Poh≥ ]c-am-flm-hn¬n∂pw thdn-´-Xp-t]mse tXm∂p-∂pthm At∏mƒ A⁄mw D≠v. As√-¶n¬ΩpsS D≈n¬ Hcp Ay-Ym-t_m-[ap-≠.v AXp-sIm≠v ap°v c≠m- -bn-cn-°p∂ `mhsØ If-bWw. c≠m-bn-cn-°p∂ `mhsØ Cu aq∂p -hn[-Øn¬ ap°p If-bmw. H∂v `‡n-bpsS am¿§-Øn¬. CXn¬Rm≥ Cuiz-cv Fs∂ ka¿∏n-®n-cn-°p-Ibm-W.v Cuiz-c≥ Fs¥m- -s°-bmtWm ]d-bp-∂Xv Cuiz-c≥ Fs¥m-s°-bmtWm n¿t±-in-°p-∂Xv Cuiz-cm-p-{Klw t]mse F√mw S-°s´ F∂p IcpXnFs∂ Cuiz-cv hn´p-sIm-Sp-°p-Ibm-Wv sNøp-∂X.v AXv `‡n-tbm- - -K-am-W.v Aßs hn´p-sIm-Sp-°p-tºmƒ Rm≥ F∂pw Ft‚-sX-∂p-ap-≈Xn-√ Cuiz-cmWv {]m[m-yw. A√msX Fns°mcp {]m[m- - -y-hp-an-√. CXv BZysØ Xcw BfpIƒ°v hfsc tN¿∂-Xm-W.v c≠m-asØ Xcw ]d-bp-∂Xv F√m I¿Ω-ßfpw Cuiz-cmWv sNøp- -∂Xv. AXp-sIm≠v Rm≥ I¿Øm-hm-sW∂v Ah-Im-is∏-Scp-X.v B - -I¿Xr-Xz-t_m[w If-bp-I. F∂n´v Cu temI-Øn¬ h¿Øn°pI.I¿Ω-ßsf√mw Cuiz-cmWv sNøp-∂sX∂dn™v I¿Ωßsf - -Cuizcm¿∏nXam°p∂Xv I¿ΩtbmKw. Cßs sNøp-∂Xv I¿Ω-tbm-Kw. At∏mgpw tbmPn-®p. hntbm-Pn-∏n-√. aq∂m-asØ ⁄m-Øns‚am¿§-Øn¬ Fß-s-sb∂p tNmZn-®m¬ Cuiz-c≥ k¿∆-hym-]IXzw -D≈-Xm-W.v k¿∆-⁄m-W.v Cuiz-cv F√mw Adn-bmw. AXp-sIm≠v -H∂mb Cu Cuiz-c≥Xs∂-bmWv k¿∆-PKØnepw hym]n-®n-cn-°p- - -∂Xv F∂-dn-bp-I. Cu Adn-bemWv ⁄mw. - Cßs tm°p-tºmƒ Hcp ⁄mnbpw Hcp tbmKnbpw Hcp_p≤-n¬ thsd-th-sd-bn-cn-°p-∂p-sh∂v ap°v ]d-bm≥ Ign-bp-I-bn-√. ImcWw i¶-cm-Nm-cysc FSp-Ømepw mcm-b-W-Kp-cp-tZ-hs FSp-Ømepw {iocm-aIr-jvW]calw-ksc FSp-Ømepw Ch- - - - - -cn-sems° Cu aq∂p tbmKhpap-≠v. `‡n-bp-≠v, ⁄m-ap-≠v,I¿Ω-ap-≠v. mcm-b-W-Kp-cp-hns‚ IrXn-bmWv Ωƒ ChnsS ]Tn-®p-sIm-≠n-cn-°p-∂-Xv. mcm-b-W-Kp-cp- Pohn-X-Øn¬ Hcp I¿Ωhpw{]ivtmØcn 197
  • 198. sNbvXn√ F∂p ]d-bp-hm≥ Ign-bptam? I¿Ωw sNbvXn√ F∂p]d-bm≥ Ign-bn-√. ImcWw Cu tIc-f-Øn¬ kw`-hn-®n-´p≈ ]eam‰-߃°pw Kpcp-hns‚ I¿Ω-߃°v i‡n ]I-cp-hm≥ Ign-™n-´p-≠v. At±lw Fgp-Xn-bn-´p-≈-Xp-t]msebp≈ `‡n-km-{µ-am-bn-cn-°p∂ Ih--߃ tIƒ°m≥Xs∂ {]bm-k- am-Wv. am{X-a-√, t£{X-߃ ÿm]n®v `‡∑mcpsS Bcm[bv°p th≠p∂CSap≠m°ns°mSpØp. AXp-t]mseXs∂ Kpcp ⁄mn-bm-bn-cp-∂p. Z¿i-am-e, Btflm- -]-tZ-iiXIw, AssZz-XZo-]n-I, Adn-h,v thZm-¥kq{Xw t]mep≈ - - - - -IrXn-Iƒ At±lw Fgp-Xn-bn-´p-≠.v AXp-sIm≠v H∂v thsd F∂p]d-bp-∂Xn-t-°mƒ DØaw `‡n-tbm-KØn¬ ⁄m-tbm-Khpw - -I¿Ω-tbm-Khpw D≠v, ⁄m-tbm-KØn¬ `‡n-tbm-Khpw I¿Ω- -tbm-Khpw D≠v, I¿Ω-tbm-KØn¬ `‡n-tbm-Khpw ⁄m-tbm-Khpw -D≠v, F∂p ]dbp∂Xmbncn°pw. Cßs ]dbptºmgpw Nne-cn¬ Nne {]hWXIƒ Ipd®v ap≥X-≈n-n-¬°m≥ km[y-Xbp-≠.v -Nne¿ sshImcnIambncn°ptºmƒ `‡n-bm-bn-cn°pw {]YaKWobamhpI. AXp-sIm-≠mWv ]q¥m-Øn-sms° B {]IrXw h∂- -Xv. F∂m¬ i¶-cmNmcy¿°v B {]IrXw ImWn-√. i¶-cs‚{]Ya{]IrXw ⁄mn-bp--tS-Xm-W.v mcm-bWKp-cp-hn¬ Iptd-sbms° - -Ch aq∂pw kmaym-hÿbn¬ Ccn-°p-∂Xp ImWp-∂p-≠.v F∂mepw - -Nne-cpsS tm´-Øns‚ ]niIp-sIm-≠v At±lsØ I¿Ω-tbm-Kn-bm-°p-hmpw ⁄m-tbmKn B°p-hmpw `‡n-tbmKn B°p-hm-p-sams° km[y-Xbp-≠.v - AXp-sIm≠v `‡nsb ap°v Ah-K-Wn-°p-hm≥ Ign-bp-I-bn-√. `‡n Bflm-p-k‘m-w F∂p mcmbWKpcphpw kzkz-cq-]m-p-k-‘m-w `‡n F∂p i¶-cm-Nm-cycpw ap°p ]d-™p-X-cp-∂p. mc-Zs‚ `‡n-kq-{X-amWv C∂v `‡n°v G‰hpw √n¿∆-Nw sImSpØncn°p∂Xv. ]c-aam-bXn¬ t{]aw D≠m-Ip- - - -∂-XmWv `‡n F∂v. F¥mtWm ]c-aam-bn-cn-°p∂ kXyw AXn¬ -t{]aw Pn-°p-I, AXp `‡n. ΩpsS lrZbw hc-≠p-Wßn-t∏m- -hp-Ibm-sW-¶n¬ ap-s°m-cn°epw ⁄mw D≠m-bn-cn-°p-Ibn- - -√. ap-s°mcp I¿Ω-tbm-Kn-bm-Impw Ign-bn-√. At∏mƒ `‡nFt∏mgpw thWw. CXn¬ GsX-¶nepsam∂v Xnc-s™-Sp-°pIF∂p-≈X√. F√m-‰npw AXn-t‚-Xm-bn-´p≈ Nne Bh-iy-ßfpw - -kmwK-Xy-ßfpw Hs°bp≠v. sshZysc kw_-‘n-®n-S-tØmfw 198
  • 199. sshZy-cpsS {]Ya{]IrXn `‡n-bm-Wv. AXp-sIm≠v Ω-sf-√m-hcpw B {]IrXntbmSp tbmPn-°p-∂p.tNmZyw: BIm-i-Ønse ]d-h-Iƒ hnX-bv°p-∂n-√, sImøp∂n√,ap-jycpw AXp-t]m-se-bm-IWw F∂m-tWm? mf-tØ°v H∂pwIcp-Xn-h-bvt°-≠ F∂p ]d-bp-tºmƒ AXp ap-jys Ae-k-X-bn-te°v bn-°n-t√? Zb-hmbn H∂p hni-Zo-I-cn-°-Ww.DØcw: Cu tNmZyw kw`-hn-®n-cn-°p-∂Xv C∂sØ kmaq-ln-I]- -›m-ØeØn¬ Pohn-°p∂ Hcp hy‡n-bpsS a- n¬n-∂m-Wv. - --C∂sØ kmaq-ln-I]›m-ØeØn¬ Hmtcm-cp-Øcpw Pohn-°m- - - - -mbn ÿew ssIhiw h®n-cn-°p-Ibm-Wv. AXns‚ DS-aÿm-h- - -Imiw Ah¿°p-am{Xw D≈-Xm-Wv. Cu `qan-bn¬ Hcn©v CSwBcp-tSXpw A√m-Ø-Xm-bn-´n-√. Hcp c≠m-bncw h¿j-߃°p-apºv `qan-bn-ep≈ DS-aÿm-hImiw C{X i‡-am-bn-cp-∂n-√. C∂v - -Fd-Wm-Ip-fØv Hcp sk‚ v `qan hmß-Wsa-¶n¬ tImSn-Iƒ sNe- -h-gn-t°-≠n-hcp-∂p. A{Xbpw hne-sIm-SpØ `qan-bn¬ Hcp aÆn-c- -t]mepw Pohn-°p-∂Xv Ah¿°v Ak-lo-bam-Wv. AXns‚ apI- - -fn-eqsS ]d-hIƒ°p-t]mepw ]d-°m≥ Ah-Im-ian-√. - - C∂sØ ]›m-Ø-e-Øn¬ ss__nfnse Cu hN--ØnvHcp-]mSv A¿∞-X-e-ß-fp≠v. H∂m-a-Xmbn mw `mhn-sb-°p-dn®vBi-¶m-Ip-e-cm-Wv. `mhn-sb-°p-dn-®p≈ Bi-¶-aqew h¿Ø-am--Im-e-Po-hnXw hfsc D¬°WvT nd-™Xpw kwL¿j-]q-cn-X-hpam-bn-Øo-cp-Ibp-amWv sNøp-∂Xv. ap-jy≥ kzX-{¥-mbn Pohn- - -°p-tºmƒ H∂n-tmSpw Hcp ]‰¬ ImWn-°m-dn-√. B Hcp Pohn-X-Øns‚ ]q¿W-am-XrI `mc-X-Ønse k∂ym-kn-am-cn¬ I≠p-h-cp∂p. tbip Hcp k∂ym-kn-bm-bn-cp-∂p. H∂n-tbpw kz¥-am-°m-tXbpw H∂n-tmSpw kwK-an-√m-tXbpw Pohn® Hcp tbmKn-h-cy≥. ]q¿Æ-ka¿∏-WØn¬ n¿`-bX Hcp-hs‚ hgn sXfn-°p- - -∂p. Ah-p-≈sX√mw Ahs‚ apºn-te°v FØn-s°m-≠n-cn-°p- -∂p. F√mw ]cn-Xy-Pn-®hv k¿∆hpw Ah-t‚-Xm-bn-Øo-cp-∂p. - `mc-XØns‚ ]e tImWp-Ifnepw k©-cn-°m≥ CS-h∂t∏mƒ - - - -F{Xtbm ]cn-{hm-P-I-∑m-tcbpw Ah-[q-X-∑m-tcbpw Rm≥ I≠n-´p-≠v. Ah¿ FØn-s∏-Sp-∂n-SØv InS-°p-∂p. In´n-bn-S-Øp-n∂pwIn´n-b-Xp-am{Xw Ign-°p-∂p. Ah-sc-°p-dn®v KoX ]d-bp-∂Xv: bZr-—bm em` k¥pjvSx Zzµzm-XotXm hna-’cx F∂m-Wv. Hcp-X-c-Øn-ep≈ am’-cn-I-Xbpw C√msX, Zzµz-t_m[w C√msX tNmZn-{]ivtmØcn 199
  • 200. °m-sX-Xs∂ bmZr-—n-I-ambn In´p-∂-Xp-sIm≠v Ah¿ Pohn-°p-∂p. apn-N-cym-]-©-I-Øn¬ mcm-b-W-Kpcp AXv kzmp-`-h-Øns‚ Hcp iIew F∂ ne°v FSpØp ]d-bp-∂p: Abm-Nn-X-a-en-]vkbm nb-Xn-Z-Ø-a∂w apnkvXtmx- ÿn-Xb Az-X≥]Yn-i-bm-tImƒhym-Ipex. F∂v. bmNn-°msX B{K-ln-°msX nbXn G¿s∏-Sp-Øn-Ø-cp∂A∂w `pPn-®p-sIm-≠mWv Hcp Ah-[q-X≥ Pohn-°p-∂Xv. mcm-b- -W-Kp-cphpw ca-Wal¿jnbpw Hs° Gsd-°mew Aßs Hcp - -PohnXw Pohn-®hcm-bn-cp-∂p-. Hcp Ah-[q-Xv Xs∂ kzbw c£n- - -°m-p≈ hy{KX ]q¿Æ-ambn C√m-Xm-bn-cn-°p-Ibm-Wv. k¿∆-bn- -SØpw Xs‚ c£-I≥ Xs∂ sIm≠pt]mIp∂p F∂ Adn-hmWvHcp Ah-[q-Xn¬ tim`n-°p-∂Xv. CXv kXy-amb Imcy-am-Wv. - - n߃°v kwKw D≈-Xp-sIm≠v, _‘w D≈-Xp-sIm≠vCXp tIƒ°p-tºmƒ t]Sn tXm∂mw. sIm´mcw hn´n-d-ßnbkn≤m¿∞ KuXapw BIm-i-Ønse ]d-h-I-fpsS hgn kzoI-cn- ® - h - m- b n- c p- ∂ p. ap- j y≥ `qan- b n- t e°v Pn- ® p- h - c p- ∂ XvssIndsb kº-Øp-am-b√. Xncn-®p-t]m-Ip-∂Xpw Hgn™ ssIbp- -am-bmWv. Pohn-®n-cn-°p-tºmƒ am{Xw A⁄-X-sIm≠v Ah≥Iptd kºm-Zn-°p-∂p. AXn-s‚-IqsS kpc-£n-XXzw tXSp-IbpwsNøp-∂p. AXp-sIm≠v nß-fpsS D≈nse Ac-£n-Xm-t_m-[sØ If-bp-I. k¿t∆-iz-ckm-∂n-≤ysØ k¿∆-bn-SØpw ImWp- -∂-Xn-eq-sS-bmWv Ac-£n-Xmt_m[w C√mXmIp-∂-Xv. Cuim-hm-ky-anZw k¿∆w. D]-n-j-Øns‚ {]Jym-]w CXm-Wv. n߃°v ss[cyambn F¥pw ssIhnSmw. ssIshSn™[oc-∑m-cpsS mSm-Wn-Xv. Xn°v msf H∂pw e`n-°p-Ibn√ F∂ -`oXn-bp-≈h≥ F√mw hen-s®-dn-™m¬ Nne-t∏mƒ Gsd hnj- -an®p F∂p ht∂-°mw. F∂m¬ Al-¶m-c-an-√mØ hn-b-hm-mb Hcp-hv Cu temI-Øn¬ PohnXw kpc-£n-Xam-bn-cn-°pw. -_m¶v _me≥kp-ambn ]cn-{h-PØn-n-dßp∂ Hcp-hs‚ ap∂n- - - -te°v nbXn A∂sØ FØn-®p-s°m-Sp-°Wsa-∂n-√. Abmƒ°v - -InS-°m≥ CSw In´n-sb∂pw hcn-√. ImcWw Abmƒ°v hnizmkwkz¥w _m¶v _me≥kn-em-Wv. F∂m¬ B _m¶v _me≥kv]q¿Æ-ambn Xo¿∂mtem? Nne-t∏mƒ Abm-fn-te°v ssZhIm-cpWyw ht∂-°mw. Hcp Krl-ÿ≥ Cu D]-tZiw ]q¿Æ-ambnDƒs°m-≈Wsa-∂n-√. Km¿l-ÿy-Ønv AXn-t‚-Xmb ]cn-an-Xn- - - 200
  • 201. I-fp-≠v. F∂m¬ Hcp k∂ym-kn-bpsS hgn BIm-iØnse ]d-h--bp-tS-Xm-Wv. k∂ymkw Pohn-XØns‚ ]mc-ay-amWv. -tNmZyw: A⁄mw {`a- k - ¶ - e v ] - a m- W v . CXns‚ ImcWwF¥mWv? ]q¿W-mb ]c-am-flm-hn-s-ßs A⁄mw AYhmAhnZy _m[n®p? AXnp ImcWw?DØcw: A⁄mw F∂p ]d-™m¬ F¥mWv? ⁄m-a-√m-ØXv A⁄mw F∂p ap°v ]d-bmw. ⁄mw F¥mWv?GI-am-bn-cn-°p∂ kXysØ GI-am-bdn-bp-∂Xv ⁄mw. GIam- -bn-cn-°p∂ kXysØ At-I-am-bn-´-dn-bp-∂Xv A⁄m-w. CXm-W-Xns‚ hyXym-kw. F√m P--Ønepw A⁄m--Øns‚ _m[-bp-≠v. Pn-®-h¿s°m° A⁄m-am-W.v Pn-°p-∂Xv ssZhØn¬ n-∂m-sW- -¶nepw Pn-°p-∂tXm-Sp-IqSn A⁄m-Øn-te°v ap-jy≥ {]th- - -in-°p-I-bm-Wv. AXp-sIm≠v F√m-h-cpsS D≈nepw A⁄m-ap-≠v. A⁄m-ap-≈Xp-sIm-≠m-Wt√m Ωƒ Rm≥ thsd, Ah≥ - -thsd Ahƒ thsd Fs∂ms° ]ehn-[-ambn a- n-em-°p-∂Xpw Nn¥n-°p-∂Xpw. A⁄mw F¥p-sIm≠v kw`-hn®p F∂p tNmZn-®p-Ign™m¬ -AXn-smcp DØcw Cu temI-Øn¬ C√ F∂p-≈-Xm-Wv.thWsa¶n¬ Iptd DØc߃ ]dbmw. Kpcp Cu IrXnbn¬ ]d-bp∂ DØcw CXm-Wv. AsXmcp eoe-bm-Wv. krjvSn F∂p ]d-bp-∂Xv ssZh-Øns‚ Hcp eoe-bm-Wv. ssZhw Hcp ck-Øn-mWvCsXms° krjvSn-°p-∂Xv. B ck-Øn-eq-sS-bmWv Cu {]]©w -ne-n-∂p-t]m-Ip-∂Xv. AXp-Xs∂-bmWv ]c-alw-kcpw ]d-bp-∂Xv - - -PohnXw Hcp IfnbmsW-∂v. Atlm! mSIw nJn-ehpw F∂vKpcp ]d-bp-∂p. F√m krjvSnIfpw ssZh-Øns‚ Hcp eoe-bm-bn mw a- n-em-°-Ww. ]t£, Ω-fXns eoe-b√msX hfsc Kuchw sImSpØv -a- n-em-°p-IbmWv sNøp-∂X.v hfsc Kuchw sImSpØv Pohn- - -XsØ ImWp-tºmƒ ZpxJw D≠m-Ip-∂p. At∏mƒ Ωƒ A⁄m--Øn¬ s]´p-t]m-Ip-∂p. AXp-sIm≠v A⁄mw FßsD≠mbn F∂p tNmZn-°p-∂Xn-t-°mƒ √-X,v A⁄mw Fßs -C√m-Xm-°m≥ Ignbpw F∂ Atz-jWam-W.v ImcWw A⁄mw - -ChnsS Ft∏mgpw D≠v. ⁄mØn-p≈ hgn Kpcp-°∑m¿ ]d- -{]ivtmØcn 201
  • 202. ™p-Xcp-∂p-≠v. A√msX A⁄mw Fßs D≠mbn F∂p≈ -Atz-jWw Hcp hrYm hymbm-aam-Wv. Ωƒ Aßs Az-jn- -®n´p Imcy-an-√. A⁄mØnv aqew Fs¥∂p ]d-bm≥ Ign-bp-I-bn-√. AXns ap°v C√m-Xm-°mw. AXn-n-t∏mƒ tctØ]d-™Xp-t]m-ep≈ ⁄m-tbm-Kw, I¿Ω-tbmKw F∂ ]e-hn- -[-Øn-ep≈ km[-m-]-≤-Xn-Ifp≠v. ]t£, Hmtcm-cp-Ø¿°pwth≠p∂ ]mX Hmtcm-cp-Øcpw Xncs™-Sp-°Ww. -tNmZyw: kzman hnth-Im-µ≥ ]d-™n-cn-°p-∂p: ImcpWyw Zp¿_- -X-e-bmWv F∂v. AXv GXv kµ¿`-Øn-em-bn-cp∂p F∂v ]d-™p-X-cmtam? ImcWw IcpW ImWn-°p-∂Xv Hcn-°epw HcpXn∑-b-√t√m?DØcw: ImcpWyw Zp¿_-eXbmWv F∂v kzman hnth-Im-µ≥ - - -]d-s™¶nepw ChnsS Ω-fXv ]d-™n-´n√. CXv tNmZy-I¿ØmhvFhn-sStbm hmbn-®v Fgp-Xn-s°m≠p h∂n-´p-≈Xm-W.v F∂mepw-kzman hnth-Im-µs‚ t_m[sØ°pdn-®p-tm-°p-tºmƒ CXv ]d- -™n- ´ p≈ {]I- c Ww Cß- s - b m- b n- c n- ° - W w. H∂v , ΩƒImcpWywsIm≠v sNøp∂ ]e Imcy-ßfpw a‰p-≈h¿°v tZmjw -hcm-dpt≠m F∂p Ωƒ Nn¥n-°m-dn-√. Hcp ho´n¬ `mcybpw`¿Ømhpw √ Ie-lam-W.v Ielw aqØv `¿Ømhv `mcysb ASn- -°p-∂ ka-bØv Ab¬]-°sØ ]pcp-j≥ t]mbn Zp¿_ebmbB kv{Xosb hmcnsbSpØv Xs‚ ho´n-te°v sIm≠p-h-∂m¬`¿Øm-hnv AXv CjvS-s∏-Sptam? Ab¬°mcmb AbmƒImcpWyw ImWn-®Xm-W.v At∏mƒ Imcp-Wy-Ønv AXn-t‚-Xmb -Nne kmaq-ln-IXIfp≠v. Nne kZm-Nm-ck¶e]ßfp-≠.v - - - - - - v - - ImcpWyw c≠v Xc-Øn-ep-≠v. H∂v kaq-lØnt‚-Xm-bn-´p≈ -Nne coXn-bn-ep≈ Imcp-Wyw. hS-t° C-¥y-bnse NnemSp-Ifn¬sN∂p-Ign™m¬ km[p°ƒ hgnbneqsS t]mIp-tºmƒ Ahsc -hnfn®v `£Ww sImSp-°pw. ChnsS Aß-s-sbm∂pw ImWn-√.km[p-°ƒ°v `£Ww sImSp-°p-∂Xv Ah¿ al-Ømbn ImWp-∂p. AXp-t]mse Nne ap-jy¿°v arK-ßsf sIm√m≥ tXm∂n- -√. Hcp Pohn-tbbpw thZ-n-∏n-°m-Xn-cn-°pI F∂Xv Nne ap-jy- -cpsS {]Ir-Xn-bm-Wv. F∂m¬ Nne cmjv{Sß-fn¬ arK-ßsfsIm∂p-Xn-∂pI F∂Xv Ah-cpsS coXn-bm-Wv. AXn¬ Imcp-Wy-Øn-t‚-Xm-bn-´p≈ Hcp {]ivw AhnsS DZn-°p-∂n-√. Nne aX-ß-fpsS kn≤m-¥hpw Aß-s-bm-Wv. {InkvXp-aXØnepw C…mw-a- - - 202
  • 203. X-Øn-epsams° Pohn-Isf sIm∂p-Xn-∂mw. AXn¬ bmsXmcp sX‰pwImWp-∂n-√. F∂m¬ _p≤-aXØn¬ lnwk ]mSn√ F∂mWv - -_p≤≥ ]d-bp-∂X.v Hcp Pohn-tbbpw sIm√-cpXv F∂m-W.v - F¥p-sIm≠v Cßs Imcp-WysØ kw_-‘n® hyXym-k-߃ kw`-hn-°p∂p? {]tXy-In®pw kzman hnth-Im-µ≥ ImcpWyw -Zp¿_-eXbm-W-v F∂v ]d-bm≥ Imc-Ww, Ωƒ Icp-Wbp-≈hcm- - - - - -bn-Øo-cp-tºmƒ [¿Ω-Ønv tem]w kw`-hn-°m≥ km[y-X-bp≈XpsIm≠mWv. ImcpWyw ΩpsS Pohn-XØn-te°v IS-∂p-h- -cp-tºmƒ A[¿Ωn-Iƒ Nne-t∏mƒ B Imcp-WysØ NqjWwsNøm≥ km[y-Xbp-≠.v AXp-sIm-≠mWv ImcpWyw Zp¿_-eXbm- - - -sW∂v hnth-Im-µkzm-an-Iƒ ]d-™X.v `mc-XsØ kw_-‘n-®n- - - -S-tØmfw `mc-XØnv henb ]e jvSßfpw kw`-hn-°m≥ CS-h- - -∂n-´p-≈Xv CXp aqeamWv. `mc-XØnse PXbv° s]mXpth Hcp - -arZp-elr-Zbap-≠.v - - - Hcmƒ Hcp hoSp-h®p Xma-kn-°p-∂ kabØv Hcp hgnt]m°≥InS-°m≥ CS-an-√msX hnjan°p-tºmƒ Zbmephmb ho´pSaAbmsf hnfn®v ChnsS InS- ∂ p- s Im≈q F∂v ]d- b p- ∂ p.Abmƒ°v ]Øv sk‚ v ÿeta D≈p-sh-¶nepw Abmƒ hnfn®pInS-Øp-I-bm-Wv. HcmgvN Ign-™-t∏mƒ _m°n-h∂ A©p-sk‚n¬ hgnt]m°≥ hoSp-sI-´n. At∏mgpw ho´pSa H∂pw ]d-™n-√. X¬°m-e-tØ°v Abmƒ°p InS-°m-m-sWt∂ hnNm-cn-®p-≈q. Ipd-®p- Znhk߃ I-gn-™-t∏mƒ Cu hnfn®p Ib-‰n-°n-SØnb ho´pSabpsS hoSv s]mfn®v If™v Abmƒ hoSv sI´n. -ImcpWyw hcp-Øn-h® hn tm°q. GsXmcp Imcp-Wyw-sIm-≠mtWm thsdm-cmsf hnfn®v Ωƒ InS-Øp-∂Xv Abmƒ]ns∂Ωsf ]pd-Øm-°p-∂p. `mc-XØnv kw`-hn-®n-´p≈ Zpc-¥Øns‚ - -Hcp Nn{X-amWv Rm≥ ]d-bp-∂-Xv. AXv kw`-hn-°mp≈ CS-h-cp-Øm-Xn-cn-°m≥ hnth-Im--µ-kzm-an-Iƒ hfsc i‡-amb `mj-bn¬Øs∂ B Ime-L-´-Øn¬ ]d-™n--´p≈ ]e Imcy-ß-fp-≠v. AXv B Ime-L-´-Øns‚ Bh-iy-am-Wv. Cu Ime-L-´-Øn¬ap°v thsd coXn-bn-em-bn-cn°pw CXns ssIImcyw sNtø-≠-Xv. hnth-Im--µ-kzm-an-Iƒ AXv ]d-™-Xp-sIm-≠mWv ΩƒChnsS Cßs kzX-{¥-ambn h∂n-cp∂v Cu {]`m-j-W-sams°tIƒ°p-∂-Xv. As√-¶n¬ ap°v C∂pw Chn-sS-sbm-∂pw h∂n-cn-°m-p≈ Cu kzX-{¥-X-sbm∂pw D≠m-bn-cn-°n-√.{]ivtmØcn 203
  • 204. ImcpWyw Ft∏mgpw [¿Ω-hn-ln-Xam-bn-cn-°Ww. [¿Ω-Øn-tmSv - -tN¿∂ Imcp-Wy-amWv G‰hpw DØ-aamb Imcp-Wyw. [¿Ω-Øn¬ -A]-£bw D≠m-°p∂ ImcpWyw Hcn-°epw DØ-aam-bn-cn-°p-I- -bn-√. At∏mƒ Xncn-®dn-tb-≠Xv ImcpWyw sNøpI F∂-Xn-t- -°mƒ √Xv, GXmWv [m¿ΩnIw F∂-Xn-m-W.v Imcp-Wy-ØnvChnsS {]k-‡n Ipdbp∂p. GXmWv [m¿Ωn-Iw? AXmWv `K-hm≥ IrjvWs‚ {]h¿Ø-߃ Imcp-Wy-hm-Zn-Iƒ°v kzoIm-cy-a- -√m-Xm-bn-cn-°p-∂X.v Ipcp-t£-{X-bp-≤`q-an-bn¬h®v `K-hm≥ sNbvXn- - -cn-°p∂ {]hrØn-Iƒ h®p-tm-°p-tºmƒ `K-hm≥ [¿Ω-Ønv CW-ßp∂ coXn-bn-emWv Imcy-ßsf bn-®X.v F∂m¬ A∂v ne-n- -∂n-cp∂ Nne kmaq-ln-I-n-b-a-߃ {]Imcw, bp≤-X-{¥-߃{]Imcw B bp≤-n-ba߃°-p-kr-Xam-bn-´√ `K-hm≥ IrjvW≥ - - -A¿÷p-tmtSm `oa-tmtSm bp≤w sNøm≥ ]d-™n-´p-≈X.v - - KZmbp≤Øn¬ Zptcym[s‚ XpSbv°Sn°m≥ `oa-tmSvBwKy`mjbn¬ `Khm≥ ]d-™ncp∂p. bp≤-X-{¥-{]-Imcw XpS-bv°-Sn-°p-∂Xv sX‰m-Wv. AXp-t]mse I¿Æs h[n-°m-m-bn`K-hm≥ IrjvW≥ ]d-bp-∂p-≠v. tX¿X-´n¬n∂pw Xmsg-bn-dßnXs‚ tXcns‚ ]q≠p-t]m-b N{Iw FSp-Øp-s]m-°m-mbn {ian-°p∂ ka-bØv bp≤w n¿Ø-W-sa∂v I¿Æ≥ At]-£n-®ncp∂p. hnizm-k-Øns‚ t]cn¬ tXcn¬ n∂ndßnb ka-bØv`K-hmv a- n-embn I¿Æs Hcn-°epw A¿÷p-v tXm¬∏n-°m≥ Ign-bp-I-bn√ F∂v. CXm-W-h-kcw F∂p `Khm≥ ]d-™p. Cn-sbm-cn-°epw A¿÷p-v Ah-kcw In´n√. AßsA¿÷p≥ I¿Æs hIhcpØn. AXp-t]mse inJ-WvUnsbap≥ndpØn A¿÷p--tmSv t{ZmWsc sIm√n-°m-mbn Aiz-∞mam lX˛Aiz-∞m- amhv acn-®p F∂p ]dbn∏n®p. F∂n´p hymP-ambn AizXzmamhv F∂p t]cp≈ B F∂p Iq´n-t®¿Øp. Aiz-∞m-amhv F∂ Bsb sIm∂-Xn-p-tijw Xs‚ aI-m-bn-cn-°p∂ Aiz-∞m-amhv acn®p F∂mWv t{ZmW¿ hnNm-cn-®-Xv.t{ZmW¿ Xf¿∂p-t]m-bn. At∏mƒ GXmWv Imcp-Wy-sa∂v [¿Ω-t_m-[-ap≈ Hcmƒ°p-am-{Xta Adn-bp-I-bp-≈q. [¿Ω-sØ-°p-dn-®-dn-bmØ Bƒ°v Hcn-°epw Imcp-Wy-sØ-°p-dn®v Xncn-®-dn-bp-hm≥ Ign-bp-I-bn-√. AXp-sIm-≠mWv kzman hnthImµ≥ ]d-bp-∂Xv ImcpWyw Zp¿_-e-X-bm-sW-∂v. C°mcyØn¬ IqSpX¬Aht_m[w hf¿ØpI. XXv°mew ImcpWyap≈ {]hrØnIƒ 204
  • 205. sNøpI. ⁄mapZn°ptºmƒ F¥mWp ImcpWyw F¥mWplnwk F∂p BtcmSpw tNmZnt°≠n hcn√. Ct∏mƒ CXn-s-°p-dn-s®ms° C{Xam{Xta ]d-bm≥ Ign-bq.tNmZyw: ]mZ-ak°mcw sNøp-∂Xns‚ HuNnXyw F¥mWv? `‡- - - v -∑msc√mw ImWp∂ k∂ym-kn-am-cpsSsbms° Imep-Ifn¬ hoWp- -In-S∂v a-k°cn-°p-∂Xv ImWm-dp-≠t√m? CXnp ]n∂n¬ Fs¥- v -¶nepw A¿∞-apt≠m? As√-¶n¬ CsXmcp shdpw A‘-amb Ap-jvTm--amtWm? ]m]-Zq-jn-X-mb Hcmƒ ]pWy-t«m-I-mb Hcpk∂ym-kn-bpsS ]mZ-ßfn¬ Xs‚ ]m]-ßsf A¿∏n-°p-tºmƒ -k∂ymkn ]m]-]¶n-embnØocp-Ibt√ sNøp-∂Xv ? Aßs - - -kw`-hn-°ptam ?DØcw: ]mZ-ak°mcw Bi-bhn-n-abØns‚ Hcp BwKy-`m-j- - - v - - -bm-Wv. B `mj hnn-abw sNøp∂ A¿∞w `mc-X-Øns‚kwkv°m-csØ apgp-h≥ ]pf-In-Xam-°p∂ Hcp hnIm-ckw-Neam- - - - - -Wv. Kpcp-hns‚ ]mZsØ injy≥ D¬°r-jSamb Pohn-XØn-te°v v - -bn-°p∂ hgn-Im-´n-bm-bn-´mWv Adn-bp-∂X.v AXp-sIm≠v ]mZ-Ia- - -ew, ]mZm-chnµw Fs∂ms° kvXpXn-®p-]dbm-dp-≠v. - - - km[m-cW A¿∞-Øn¬ tm°p-tºmƒ ]mZw Hcp nIr-jSh- v -kvXp-hm-W.v F√m Agp-°p-Ifn-eq-tSbpw S∂v Im¬ Agp°p ]pc-≠- -XmbnØocp-∂p. Cßs hrØn-sI´ Im¬]mZ-Øn¬ Hcmƒt]mbna-k°cn-°p-∂Xv B[p-n-Iapjyv Ft¥m Hcp Akzo-Im-cy-amb v - - - -kwK-Xn-bm-W.v Cu Hcp ]›m-ØeØn¬ ]e aqey-hØmb Ap- - - -jvTm-ßfpw tNmZyw sNø-s∏-Sp-∂p-≠.v Kpcp-injy_-‘Øn¬ ne- - -n-∂n-cp∂ CXp-t]msebp≈ nc-h[n-bmb Nn”-`m-jIfp-≠v (proto- - - -language). Hcp-]t£, ⁄m-Øn-p-th≠n Zmln-°p∂ Hcp injyvCsXm∂pw tami-s∏´ kwK-Xn-bmbn tXm∂m≥ CS-bn-√.- Imc-Ww,XymK-Øn¬n-∂mWv ⁄mw DZbw sNøp-∂X.v Bfl-_p-≤mb - -Kpcp-hns Hcp injyv XymKw-sIm-≠√msX thsd Hcp D]m-bw- -sIm≠pw {]oXn-s∏-Sp-Øm≥ Ign-bp-I-bn-√. Adn-hns ]pkvX-IØn¬n∂pw In´p∂ H∂mbn IW-°m-°n-t∏m-cp∂ B[p-n-IX- -e-apd henb Hcp aqV-kz¿§-Øn-eq-sS-bmWv IS-∂p-t]m-Ip-∂X.v temIw -t`mK-Xr-jWIƒ hf¿Øn s]cp-∏n-°p∂ henb Itºm-fßfmbn v - - -amdn-°≠n-cn-°p-Ibm-W.v Kpcp-]m-Zp- ImkvtXm{Xw F∂ Hcp IrXn- - -bn¬ ]d-bp-∂Xv IsÆ-ØmØ kwkm-ckap{Zw IS-Øn-Øcp∂ uI- - - -bmWv Kpcp-hns‚ ]mZw F∂m-W.v{]ivtmØcn 205
  • 206. {io_p-≤s‚ ]mZ-Øn¬ Hcmƒ a-kv°-cn-°m≥ Xpn-™-t∏mƒ {io_p-≤≥ Abmsf kvtl-]q¿∆w XS-™p-sIm≠p]d™p: “Aßs sNø-cp-Xv.”At∏mƒ Abmƒ tNmZn®p: “Aßsb Fn°v a-k°cn-®p-Iq-tS?”v -At∏mƒ _p≤≥ ]d-™p: “Xm¶ƒ a-kv°-cn-°p-tºmgpw Xm¶-fpsS ssIIƒ iqy-am-Wv. ”Abmƒ tNmZn®p: “Fs‚ ssII-fn¬ H∂p-an-√m-Ø-Xp-sIm-≠mtWm?”{io_p-≤≥: “AX√. Hcp- in-jy-mWv Kpcp-hns a-kv°cn-°p-∂X.v At∏mƒ B injys‚ D≈w Bthmfw IrX-⁄- - -Xm-n¿`-cam-bn-cn-°pw.” ⁄m-Øns‚ Xnf°w kz¥w lrZ-bØn¬ - -{]Im-in-®Xns‚ IrX-⁄X shfn-s∏-Sp-Øp∂ `mj-bmWv a-k°m- - vcw. Xm¶-fpsS D≈n¬ Aß-s-sbmcp ndhv kw`-hn-®n-´n-√. _p≤≥CXp ]d™v At±-lsØ km¥z-]q¿∆w tm°n IS-∂p-t]m-bn. - hmkvXhØn¬ Kpcp-hns a-kv°cn-°p-Ib√ injy≥ sNøp- - - - -∂-X.v thsdmcp Xc-Ønepw Xs‚ B¥-cn-IXsb {]Im-in-∏n-°m≥ -Ign-bmsX hcp-tºmƒ Kpcp-hns‚ ]mZ-ßfn¬ hoWp-t]m-hp-IbmWv - -sNøp-∂X.v A{X-am{Xw Hcp hn-{aX injys‚ D≈n¬ Bhn¿`-hn- -°p-∂p. injy-∑m-cpsS lrZbw Kpcp-km-∂n-≤y-Øn¬ Xc-fn-Xam-bn- -Øo-cp-∂p. kqcy-ho-Nn-Iƒ°p-tsc apJw ]q¿Æ-ambn Db¿Øm≥Ign-bmsX n¬°p∂ kqcy-Im-¥n--∏q-°sf-t∏m-se-bmWv injy-∑m¿. -injys‚ a-k°mcw `mj-bpsS ]cn-an-Xn-bn¬n∂pw DS-se-Sp-°p∂ vn lm-bXsIm-≠mWv kw`-hn-°p-∂Xv. - - - thscmcp kµ¿`-Øn¬ kmcn-]p-Ø≥ F∂ Hcp injy≥{io_p-≤s‚ injy-mbn Pohn-®n-cp-∂p. Kpcp-Im-cp-Wy-Øm¬ At±-l-Øn¬ Hcp-Zn-hkw _p≤-lr-Zbw hncn-™p. kzbw _p≤-m-bn´pw kmcn-]p-Øs‚ hnbw _p≤-khn-[Øn¬n∂pw HcnSØpw - -t]mIm≥ tXm∂n-∏n-®n-√. At±lw {io_p-≤s‚ injy-hr-µ-ß-fn¬ Hcm-fm-bn-am{Xw Ign-™p. km[m-cW KXn-bn¬ Bfl-⁄m-n-bm-bm¬ injy-∑m¿ Kpcp-hns‚ ASp-°¬n∂pw [¿Ω-{]-N-c-W-Øn-mbn a‰n-S-ß-fn-te°p t]mhpI ]Xn-hm-bn-cp-∂p. F∂m¬kmcn-]p-Ø≥ Ahn-sS-Øs∂ X´n-°qSn n¬°p-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p.{io_p-≤v C°mcyw a- n-em-bn-cp-∂p. Hcp Znhkw {io_p-≤≥ kmcn-]p-Øs hnfn-®p: “o CnbpwChnsS n¬°p-I-bmtWm? n∂nse hk¥w temI-Ønp ]I-cp-I.” CXp-tI-´-t∏mƒ kmcn-]p-Øs‚ IÆp-Iƒ nd™p [mc- 206
  • 207. [m-cbmbn Hgp-In. kmcn-]p-Øv Kpcp-khn-[Øn¬n∂v Hcn-StØ°pw - - - -t]mIm≥ tXm∂p-∂n-√. ⁄mn-bm-bn´pw IrX-⁄XsIm≠v Hcp - -Ffnb Kpcp-tk-hImbn Pohn-°p-∂Xn-emWv kmcn-]p-Ø≥ B- - - -µn-®X.v F¶nepw _p≤s‚ n¿t±iw At±lw kzoI-cn-°p-∂p. t]mIp- -∂-Xn-p-apºv Kpcp-hns‚ ]mZw ]Xn™ ]mSp-Ifn¬ kmcn-]p-Ø≥ -hoWp-In-S∂v Npw_n-®p. At∏mƒ {io_p-≤≥ tNmZn®p: “kmcn-]p-Øm, o F¥mWv ImWn-°p-∂Xv?” nd-IÆp-Itfm-sS-Xs∂ kmcn- - -]p-Ø≥ ]d™p: “Aß-bpsS ]mZ-ß-fn¬ ]‰n-∏n-Sn-®n-cn-°p∂tcWp°ƒt]mepw sXmSm-p≈ i‡n Fn-°n√ `K-hm-t.” CØcw Hc-¥-cwKw nß-fn¬ kw`-hn-°p-∂p-s≠-¶n¬ ]mZ--a-kv°mcw bm{¥n-I-am-Im≥ CS-bn-√. GsXmcp `mjbpw bm{¥n-I-am-Ip-∂Xv AXn¬ Bp-`q-Xn-I-amb Bflmhns‚ ]¶m-fnØwC√m-sX-h-cp-tºm-gm-Wv. Hcp Kpcp-hns‚ Nc-W-߃ GsXmcpe£y-Øn-te-°mtWm S-∂p-o-ßp-∂Xv B e£ysØ {]m]n-°m-mbn Atß°v Fs∂ Rm≥ ka¿∏n-°p-I-bm-Wv. A¿÷p-≥ `K-hm≥ IrjvWs‚ apºn¬ a-kv°cn-®n´p ]d™p: “injy- -kvtXƒlw im[n amw Xzmw {]]-∂w.” Rm≥ Aß-bn¬ ka¿∏n-®-hm-Wv. Aß-bpsS injy-m-Wv. Asß-n°v in£Ww ¬Ip- -I. Ahn-sS-n-∂mWv `K-h-ZvKo-Xm-{]-kqw hncn-bp-∂-Xv.tNmZyw: C∂se kzman {io_p≤s‚ IY ‘]md-bn¬ Npw_n®p’F∂p ]d™v Ah-km-n-∏n-®p. hn{K-lmcm[sb FXn¿°p∂{io_p-≤s‚ injy≥am¿°v AXns‚ s]mcpƒ a-kn-em-bn√ F∂pw]d-™p. AXv F¥m-sW∂p a-kn-em°n Ø∂m¬ sIm≈mw.DØ-cw: Ωƒ km[m-cW KXn-bn¬ Hcp I√ns n mc hkvXp-hm-bn-´mWv Icp-Xp-∂Xv. ]t£, Hcp Bfl⁄mnsb kw_-‘n- -®n-StØmfw B I√v shdpw I√-√. AXns‚ D≈n¬ Hcp Poh-tN- -X Ccn-°p-∂p-≠v. B Poh-tN-X `mhnbn¬ Hcp _p≤mbn -Øocmp≈XmWv. Hcn-°¬ _p≤-m-bn-Øo-cm-p≈ km[yX BI√n-p≠v F∂m-W¿∞w. Ct∏mƒ AsXmcp I√m-sW-¶nepw]n∂o-sSm-cn-°¬ Cu Is√mcp ⁄mn-bm-bn-Øo-cm-sa∂v ap°vImWm≥ Ign-bp-Ibm-sW-¶n¬ ap-s°m-cn-°epw Hcp I√n-tm-Sp- -t]mepw lnwkmflIamb coXn-bn¬ s]cp-am-dm≥ Ign-bn√. HcpI√n-s-t∏mepw Ah-KWn-°m≥ Ign-bm-sX-bn-cn-°p∂ _p≤n AXp -ap°p hnI-kn-∏n-s®-Sp-°m≥ Ign-bpw. Aßs tm°p-tºmƒI√n-en-cn-°p∂ _p≤≥ hfsc h¿j-ßfpsS ]cn-Wm-a{]-{In-bbn- - - -{]ivtmØcn 207
  • 208. eqsS Bbn-cn°mw Hcp ap-jy-mbn Pn-°p-∂Xpw B ap-jy-n-eqsS Bfl-⁄mØns‚ kn≤nbn-tebv°v Db-cp-∂Xpw. - Cu t_m[]cn-Wm-asØ-°p-dn®v Ipd-®[nIw Imcy-߃ ]d-bm- - -p-≠.v F∂mepw C{Xbpw Imcy-߃ a- n-em-°pI. Hcn-°¬ HcpI√v I√√mXmhp-sa∂pw B I√nse _p≤≥ ]pdØp hcp-sa∂pwAXp-sIm≠v H∂ntbpw n m-cam°n X≈-cp-sX∂pw F√mw Hcn- -°¬ ]cn-Wan®v t_m[-Øns‚ ]q¿W-Xbn-tebv°v Db-cp-sa∂pw - -Xncn-®dn-bp-tºmƒ Cu temIw ap°p Znhy-am-bn-Øo-cpw. Cu temIw -ap°v XnI®pw Cuiz-co-bam-bn-Øo-cpw. CsXms° kwth-Zn-∏n-°m≥ -th≠n-bmWv {io_p-≤≥ Aßs B I√ns Npw_n-®Xv. - Cß- s - b p≈ {]`mjW߃ hfsc ]cn- a n- X - a m- b n- ´ p- ≈kwthZßfmWv. {]tXy-In®pw hfsc hyXy-kvX-amb ]n∂m-ºp-d-ß-fn¬n∂pw hcp∂ Bfp-I-fmWv n߃. F√m-h-cp-tSbpwta[-bn-tebv°v FØn®p Xcp∂ coXn-bn¬ Imcy-ßsf kw£n-]vX-ambpw F∂m¬ t_m[y-s∏-Sp∂ coXn-bnepw ]d-tb≠n hcp-∂-Xp-sIm≠v IqSp-X¬ Bg-ap≈ kXy-ßsf shfns∏-Sp-Øp∂Imcy-Øn¬ ]cn-an-Xn-bp-≠v. t_m[]cn-Wm-asØ-°p-dn-®p≈ kwK- -Xn-I-sfms° Ipd-®p-IqSn in£nX a- p-Iƒ°p am{Xw kwth-Zn-∏n-°p∂ Imcy-ß-fm-Wv. F∂mepw C{X-sb-¶nepw a- n-em-°n-bm¬ ∂m-bn-cn-°pw. kzbw AdnbpI. AXns‚ sXfnhn¬n¿hrXn sIm≈pI. CXmWv ⁄mØns‚ clkyw. 208