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  • 1. Jaya Jaya Sankara Hara Hara SankaraJaya Jaya Sankara Hara Hara SankaraJaya Jaya Sankara Hara Hara SankaraJaya Jaya Sankara Hara Hara SankaraJaya Jaya Sankara Hara Hara SankaraJaya Jaya Sankara Hara Hara SankaraJaya Jaya Sankara Hara Hara SankaraJaya Jaya Sankara Hara Hara SankaraJaya Jaya Sankara Hara Hara SankaraJaya Jaya Sankara Hara Hara SankaraJaya Jaya Sankara Hara Hara SankaraJaya Jaya Sankara Hara Hara SankaraJaya Jaya Sankara Hara Hara SankaraJaya Jaya Sankara Hara Hara SankaraJaya Jaya Sankara Hara Hara SankaraJaya Jaya Sankara Hara Hara SankaraJaya Jaya Sankara Hara Hara SankaraJaya Jaya Sankara Hara Hara SankaraJaya Jaya Sankara Hara Hara SankaraJaya Jaya Sankara Hara Hara SankaraJaya Jaya Sankara Hara Hara SankaraJaya Jaya Sankara Hara Hara Sankara An Illustrated StoryJaya Jaya Sankara Hara Hara SankaraJaya Jaya Sankara Hara Hara SankaraJaya Jaya Sankara Hara Hara Sankara Comnpiled byJaya Jaya Sankara Hara Hara SankaraJaya Jaya Sankara Hara Hara Sankara S K SridharanJaya Jaya Sankara Hara Hara SankaraJaya Jaya SankaraFor Hara Hara SankaraJaya Jaya Sankara Hara Hara Sankara P uthamangalam Sri IyerJaya uth amangalam S ri Jagadeesa Sankara Jaya Sankara Hara Hara I yerJaya Jaya Sankara Hara Hara Sankara Memorial TrustJaya Jaya Sankara Hara Hara SankaraJaya Jaya Sankara Hara Hara Sankara Sri Sankara Vidya KendraJaya Jaya Sankara Hara Hara SankaraJaya Jaya Sankara Hara Hara SankaraJaya Jaya Sankara Hara Hara Sankara 780 T H Road, Chennai 19Jaya Jaya Sankara Hara Hara SankaraJaya Jaya Sankara Hara Hara SankaraJaya Jaya Sankara Hara Hara SankaraJaya Jaya Sankara Hara Hara SankaraJaya Jaya Sankara Hara Hara SankaraJaya Jaya With the benign blessings of Sankara Hara Hara SankaraJaya Jaya Sankara Hara Hara SankaraJaya Jaya Sankara Hara Sankaracharya Their Holiness Jagadguru Sri Hara SankaraJaya Jaya Sankara Hara Hara SankaraJayaSri Jayendra SaraswathiHara Sankara Jaya Sankara Hara SwamigalJaya Jaya Sankara Hara Hara Sankara Sri Vijayendra Saraswathi SwamigalJaya Jaya Sankara Hara Hara SankaraJaya Jaya Sankara Hara Hara Sankara Sri Kamakoti PeetamJaya Jaya Sankara Hara Hara SankaraJaya Jaya Sankara Hara Hara Sankara KanchipuramJaya Jaya Sankara Hara Hara SankaraJaya Jaya Sankara Hara Hara SankaraJaya Jaya Sankara Hara Hara SankaraJaya Jaya Sankara Hara Hara SankaraJaya Jaya Sankara Hara Hara SankaraJaya Jaya Sankara Hara Hara SankaraJaya Jaya Sankara Hara Hara SankaraJaya Jaya Sankara Hara Hara Sankara
  • 2. Brahma, Indira & Rishis Pray About 2500 years ago there were 72irreligious sects. Dharma and Vedic practices were abused. Brahma, Indira and Rishis, prayed to lord Dakshnamurthi to save the country and restore Vedic Order.2 Jaya Jaya Sankara
  • 3. Brahma, Indira & Rishis PrayWe call our country, India. This namewas given by western historians. It iscustomary in our country to start anyreligious function with a ‘Sankalpa’. Itis to declare the place, the time andthe purpose of the function, invokingthe blessings of God. The timeperiods mentioned are ‘Kalpa’, ‘Yuga’,‘Manvantra’, ‘Sahabda’, Samvatsara’etc. This is an age-old practice. If wecalculate the periods, they go back toseveral thousands of years. From thiswe can understand how old ourcountry is and it was known asBharath.These functions are performedthrough Sanskrit mantras. They areall from Vedas. Vedas are our first holybook. Vedas were created by God. Theywere compiled by Sage Vyasa. Vedas areheard, recited, and learned by heart.Dharma Sastras, rules of ethical livingare given therein. Veda dharma,Sanskrit and our ancient religiouspractices have been a great unifyingforce in our country.Hara Hara Sankara 3
  • 4. Sivaguru & AryambalA devout couple, Sivaguru and Aryambal prayat Vadakkunathan temple, Trissur for a child.In answer to the prayers of Rishis Lord decides to be bron to them as their child.4 Jaya Jaya Sankara
  • 5. There are always times when dharmaappears to be abused or forgotten.About 2,500 years back, a situation likethis existed. About seventy-two typesof irreligious sects prevailed. Rishisand Devas were worried. They allprayed to Lord Dhakshinamurthy. Heshows path to ‘Gnana’ - pureknowledge. He is known as “GnanaGuru”. He shows ‘Chin Mudra’, asymbol of Gnana.In Gita, God says that He would take‘Avatars’ to restore ‘dharma’. LordVishnu took different ‘Avatars’. LordShiva responded to the prayers ofRishis and agreed to take birth in earthto restore ‘Vedic’ order.Sivaguru AryambalAt this time, a Brahmin couple,Sivaguru and Aryambal lived in Kaladi,a village near Tirissur in Kerala. Theydid Siva Pooja daily six times. Theylived an austere life of dharmic deeds.They had immense faith in Lord Siva.They did not have a child. By a specialHara Hara Sankara 5
  • 6. Sri Sankara is born In the year Nandana of Kali 2593, Vaikasa, Sukla Panchami, Thiruvadirai Star, (BC 509) Sankara was born to Sivaguru Aryambal at Kaladi, Kerala.6 Jaya Jaya Sankara
  • 7. Pooja for forty-eight days, observingstrict ‘vratha’, they prayed to SriVrishachaleswara at Vadakkunathantemple, Tirussur for a child.Pleased with their poojas, the Lorddecided to be born to them. The Lordactually wanted to fulfill his promiseto the Rishis.He appeared in their dreams. He asked,“I am very pleased with your prayers.I shall grant you a child. Tell me. Doyou want many idiotic, wicked childrenwho will live long? Or, do you wantonly one wise, good child with shortlife?”The couple felt overjoyed that the LordHimself answered their prayers. Inhumility they replied: “My Lord, we aregrateful to you. Who are we to decide?We shall accept whatever you give.”He told them that they would soon geta son. Though he would have a shortlife he would do great deeds andrespected by the world.Hara Hara Sankara 7
  • 8. Kanakadhara Stotram A poor lady offers amla to Sankara, though she had nothing else to eat. Moved by her charity inspite of poverty Sankara recitesKanakadhara Stotram. Goddess Lakshmi pours Golden Amlas and makes her rich.8 Jaya Jaya Sankara
  • 9. Sri Sankara is bornA son was born to Aryambal on thefifth day (Sukla panchami) of thebright fortnight of the Vaisaka monthof Nandana (509 B.C.) in Thiruvadiraistar. He was given the name Sankara.‘Sam’ means good and ‘karothi’ means‘doer’. The name was very appropriatebecause Sankara was born to do goodthings. The divinity of the childattracted everybody. The Rishis andDevas were happy that their prayerswere answered.Child Sankara showed extraordinarybrilliance. He was given Aksharabyasaat the age of three. He learned thelessons by heart fast. When he wasfour years old Sankara lost his father.Bringing up Sankara, Aryambalshowered abundant love and affectionon him. At the age of five,‘Upanayanam’ was performed onSankara. It means that a boy becomes‘Brahmachari’ - bachelor. He has to livewith his guru. He has to lead arigorous life, giving up comforts andlearn VedasHara Hara Sankara 9
  • 10. Poorna River DivertedSankara’s mother could not walk up to Poorna River to take her daily bath. Using his powerSankara gestured to the river to flow near her house. His mother could thereafter bathe in the river happily.10 Jaya Jaya Sankara
  • 11. Kanakadhara StotramHe has to take alms and share it withhis teacher. On a ‘dwadasi’ day he wentto a house of a poor lady. She hadjust a dry amla for her food. She gaveit to Sankara: “Hey lad, I have nothingto give except this amla. Please acceptthis.” Sankara was moved by hergesture. He took pity on her.Spontaneously he prayed to GoddessLakshmi with a sloka called“Kanakadhara Stotram”. In response,Goddess Lakshmi showered gold coinsin the shape of ‘amalakas’ and the ladybecame rich. Sankara exhibited hiscompassion for poor and needy. Thisepisode epitomizes our culture thatrich or poor, if one upholds dharma,dharma will protect.Poorna River DivertedHis mother used to bathe in PoornaRiver flowing near the village. Due toold age she was not able to walk thedistance to the river. Sankara did amiracle. He gestured to the river tochange its course. River Poorna obeyedand started flowing near his house. HisHara Hara Sankara 11
  • 12. Samkara Takes Sanyasa Sankara has to perform the purpose of his avatar. While taking bath, a crocodile caughtthe leg of Sankara. Sankara asks his mother to let him take Sanyas. She reluctantly agrees. The crocodile leaves him.12 Jaya Jaya Sankara
  • 13. mother was thus able to bathe in theriver daily.Sankara takes SanyasaWhen Sankara was eight, it was timeto fulfill the purpose of his birth. Hehad to leave Kaladi. He should travelall over Bharath to reestablish VedicDharma. He devised a ruse to leave hismother.One day he was taking bath in the river.Suddenly a crocodile caught hold of hisleg. It was about to swallow Sankara.Looking at this from the banks,Aryambal screamed helplessly.Sankara consoled her. He asked her:“Don’t you know that your son wouldlive for a short period only? The timehas come now. But there is a way out.This crocodile wants only my life. If Igive it up, it would leave my body.Taking Sanyasa is like leaving this life.I can start a new life as an ascetic, butphysically live in this body. So permitme to take Sanyas”.Aryambal reluctantly agreed. She feltHara Hara Sankara 13
  • 14. Sankara Finds his Guru At Omkareshwar in the banks of NarmadaSankara finds his guru Govinda Bhagavatpada. Containing the floods of Narmadain his kamandal, he reaches his guru.14 Jaya Jaya Sankara
  • 15. relieved that though Sankara wouldleave her he would live at least as anascetic.Before taking Sanyas, Sankara assuredhis mother that he would come to herwhen she thought of him. He alsopromised that he would perform herlast rites after her death. He then tookapat-sanyas. It means taking sanyasin an exigency without a proper guru.He uttered the mantra to become asanyasi. The crocodile gave upSankara. It vanished and appeared asa Ghandharva.A Ghandarva was cursed to become acrocodile. It was told that when ithelped Sankara to take Sanyasa, itwould be freed from the curse. Theghandharva thanked Sankara and flewaway. Sankara left Kaladi. Nearrelatives took care of his mother.Samkara Finds his GuruOur religion prescribes that all actionshave to be initiated by a guru. Guru isone who removes ignorance andimparts true knowledge. SankaraHara Hara Sankara 15
  • 16. Samkara takes leave of his Guru Sankara studied Vedas under Govinda Bhagavatpada for three years. He advisesSankara to go to Kasi and spread Advaita and preach true meaning of Vedas16 Jaya Jaya Sankara
  • 17. started traveling in search of a guru.He reached Omkareshwar at the bankof river Narmada. People there toldhim that a yogi was doing penanceinside a cave. His name wasGovindapada. He had receivedMahabhashya (meaning of Vedas) fromthe lips of his guru Sri Gaudapada.Sankara went near that cave.Narmada was overflowing with floods.He could not reach the caves. By hismiraculous power he captured thefloods in his ‘kamandal’. He stoodbefore the entrance to the cave singinga hymn. Sri Govinda Bhagavatpada wasattracted by its beautiful meaning.From inside the cave he enquired whoit was rendering the hymn. Sankarareplied to this in the form of ten slokas.Each sloka ended with the word“Sivahkevaloham”. These slokas areknown as ‘Dasa-sloki’. Immenselypleased, Govindamuni came out of thecave. He realised that Sankara wasLord Siva Himself.Govinda Bhagavatpada acceptedHara Hara Sankara 17
  • 18. 18 Guru’s Grace A humble disciple Sanandhyaya walks across Ganga to bring clothes to Sankara. A lotus bridge springs up to help himJaya Jaya Sankara cross the river. He was called Padma Pada.
  • 19. Sankara as his disciple. He nowproperly initiated Sankara to Sanyasa.Sankara lived with his ‘guru’ for threeyears mastering Vedas, Sastras andtheir meaning. Sankara then soughtpermission to leave him.Govindapada told Sankara to preachAdvaita Advaita means ‘not two’.Advaita.God and soul are not two. They areone and the same. Everything else isnot permanent. As nothing exists inthe same form yet again it is called‘maya’.Samkara takes leave of his GuruGovindapada advised Sankara to go toKasi. People go there for a holy dip inGanga to wash away their sins and havedharshan of lord Viswanatha, GoddessVisalakshi and Annapoorani It wasthe spiritual centre in Bharath.Scholars debated there to establishtheir faith. Sankara traveled throughVindhya Mountains to reach Kasi. Heengaged in discussions and debateswith various sects of people andsuccessfully established Advaita.Hara Hara Sankara 19
  • 20. 20 Chandala teaches Advaita Our religion never distinguishes castes as high or low. Whoever realises soul as God can be a master. Lord VishwanathaJaya Jaya Sankara demonstrates this to Sankara, disguised as chandala.
  • 21. He stayed there for a couple of years.He wrote elaborate commentaries onVyasa’s Brahma Sutra, Gita, andUpanishads. He also wrote ‘PrakaranaGrantha’, ‘Prasnotara Ratna Malika’Ganesa Pancharatna’ and other works.Padma PadaA learned boy Sanandhyaya hailed fromthe south, Chola land. He joined manyscholars in the camp of Sankara. Hewas always humble, quiet andunostentatious. Because of this manythought that he was mediocre,deserved no special attention. One dayhe was drying the clothes of his Guruon the other side of Ganga. Sri Sankaracalled for the clothes. Sanandhyayawanted to immediately obey thecommand. He was engrossed in thethought that he should hurry andwalked across the river. Little did herealize that he did not use the boat andwould get drowned in the floods.Surprisingly, lotus flowers startedsprouting on the river whereverSanandhyaya set his foot on. AHara Hara Sankara 21
  • 22. Sankara meets Sage Vyasa At Kasi Sankara meets Sage Vyasa. Vyasa acknowledges Sankara’s commentary on his Brahmasutra as the best. He commendsSankara to write commentaries on other holy books and spread Advaita22 Jaya Jaya Sankara
  • 23. lustrous lotus bridge spread across theriver! He simply walked through thelotus bridge! The other disciples wereamazed at this feat. They realized thegreat Bhakti of Sanandhyaya. SriSankara named him as Padma Pada(lotus feet).Chandala teaches AdvaitaSri Sankara was going to theVishwanath Temple. An “untouchable”was coming in his way. He wasaccompanied by his wife and four dogs.The disciples of Sri Sankara shouted athim to make way for the Acharya andto keep a distance. Untouchables arenot supposed to come near the uppercaste people. The untouchable smiledand said, “You preach Advaita. You saythat God is in every soul. Which oneyou want to go, the body or the soul?Yours or mine? How am I differentfrom your Acharya?”Sri Sankara realised that it was LordShiva Himself, with His consort andfour Vedas. Sankara prostrated beforeHara Hara Sankara 23
  • 24. Sankara meets Kumarila BhattaKumarila Bhatta was spreading Charuvaham, It recognised Veda’s rituals, not god. Sankara meets him at his death bed. He asks Sankara to meet his disciple Mandana Misra and convert him to Advaita24 Jaya Jaya Sankara
  • 25. the chandala. He sang five slokascalled “Maneesha Panchakam”. In thismaster piece, Sankara states that highor low in caste, one can be superior ifone has realised Brahman. Lord Shivaappeared along with Visalakshi andblessed Sri Sankara. This episode isan emphatic clarification that ourreligion does not distinguish one assuperior or low by the caste.Sankara meets Sage VyasaAt Kasi he came across an old Brahminof poor health. He appeared verylearned. He started arguments withhim on Sankara’s BrahmasutraBashyam. Shri Sankara was astoundedby his acumen and depth of knowledgein Vedas. They continued theirdiscussion for days together. The moreShri Sankara argued, the more his ideascrystallized. He then found out thatthe old man was none other than VyasaRishi. It was he who had written theBrahma Sutra.Sri Sankara felt that he disrespectedthe sage by entering into vainarguments with him. Vyasa assuagedHara Hara Sankara 25
  • 26. Marathon debate with Mandana MisraSankara debates with Mandana Misra. His wifeSaraswani gave them garlands, suggesting that whose garland fades first would be the loser. Manadana Misra loses and becomes Sankara’s disciple.26 Jaya Jaya Sankara
  • 27. his feelings.. He said “I know who youare. I fully agree with yourcommentary on my Brahmasutras. Iwanted to establish that yours is thebest treatise on my work. You have tospread Advaita in this country morevigorously. I want you to live foranother sixteen years.” Sankaraagreed. Taking leave of Vyasa he leftKasi.Samkara meets Kumarila BhattaMeemaamsa is a part of Vedas. It isdealing with rituals. A great Vedicscholar, Kumarila Batta interpretedthis as ‘Karma Meemamsa’. Hepreached ‘Charuvaham’. This sectsaid: “Vedas emphasise only rituals andnot god. By means of various ritualsone can live happily and need not wor-ship god.” He was living in Prayag, nowknown as Allahabad. Sankara wantedto meet him to convince: ”Rituals areby no means the end of Vedas. Theyare just paths to realize God. Once Godis realized the inanimate rituals haveno value.” When Sankara reachedPrayag Kumarila Bhatta was already inHara Hara Sankara 27
  • 28. Sharada Peetam at Sringeri Sankara, Manadana Misra and Saraswanitraveled towards south. At Tungabadra river, Sarasawani stands fixed. Sankara leaves her and Mandana Misra there, establishing Sharada Peetam.28 Jaya Jaya Sankara
  • 29. his death bed. He directed Sankara tohis disciple Mandana Misra. He askedSankara to win him over to Advaita.Marathon debate withMandana MisraSri Sankara arrived at Mandana Misra’shouse at Maahishmati. He found himcarrying out some rituals inside hishouse. Sri Sankara entered the house.Mandana Misra scolded Sankara forinterfering with his rituals. Sankararesponded to him in sweet and sooth-ing words explaining the futility ofmere rituals without accepting god..Mandana Misra slowly understoodSankara’s intelligence. He challengedhim for a debate. Mandana Misraagreed to embrace Advaita and becomeSankara’s disciple if he lost. Sankaraagreed to give up his sanyas and adoptmarried life if he lost.Mandana Misra’s wife, Sarasawani, her-self was a great Vedic scholar. Sankarawanted her to be the judge.She realised that Sri Sankara was noneother than Lord Shiva. She knew thatHara Hara Sankara 29
  • 30. Sankara Performs Mother’s last ritesSankara had promised to his mother that he wouldcome and perform her last rites. He reaches Kaladi at her last days and performs her last rites. Lord Vishnu blessed her and sends her to heaven..30 Jaya Jaya Sankara
  • 31. Mandana Misra would not win. Shewanted to avoid the embarrassment ofdeclaring her husband as the loser. Shesuggested that each of them wear agarland of flowers and commence thedebate. Both agreed that whichevergarland faded first, that person wouldbe the loser. A hot and prolonged de-bate ensued. Both exhibited theirscholarly acumen. Mandana Misra’sgarland began to fade. UltimatelySankara won. As per the agreement,Mandana Misra gave up ‘KarmaMeemamsa’. He gave up his marriedlife to become a disciple of Sri Sankara.Sarasawanii was unable to bear theseparation of her husband. She madea powerful plea that she too wouldcome with her husband. She quotedscriptures to show that husband andwife are spiritually one with twodifferent bodies. Hence, she was anincomplete person without herhusband. After marriage the wifecannot be separated from her husband.Both of them engaged themselves in along discussion on sastras. SarasawaniHara Hara Sankara 31
  • 32. Dumb Boy speaksAt Mookambi a born dumb boy speaks at thesight of Sankara. Sankara gave him an amla and thus known as Hastamalaka.He becomes one of his four principal diciples.32 Jaya Jaya Sankara
  • 33. showered questions like rain. Sankaragave very beautiful answers.Sarasawani acknowledged him.Sankara agreed with her plea to comewith them..Sharada Peetam at SringeriThey then traveled together towardssouth. They reached Sringeri inKarnataka. It is on the banks ofTungabadra River. When all of themwere walking through the sands ofTungabadra, Sarasawani stood fixed ata point. Sri Sankara realised thatSarasawani did not want to proceedany further. It is at this place Sankaradedicated a Matam and called itSharada Peetam. Mandana Misra wasinstalled as the first Peetadipathi ofthis math.Samkara Performs Mother’s lastritesWhile at Sringeri he learnt by hisspiritual powers that Aryambal was indeath bed. As promised to her Sankarahurried to Kaladi. She felt happy thather son had come. She passed away.Sankara started to perform herHara Hara Sankara 33
  • 34. Totakastakam Giri, a disciple of Samkara was consideredmediocre by others. They did not like Sankarawaiting for Giri to start his classes. One day Giri surprised all by singing a beautiful verse. It came to be called Totakashtakam.34 Jaya Jaya Sankara
  • 35. funeral. Normally, sanyasis have noright to perform such rites. The localpurohits objected to Sankaraperforming his mother’s funeral. Hedid not bother about these protests.Sankara held on to his promise. Heperformed the rites alone. From thisepisode Sankara emphasised: Promiseshave to be kept at any cost. Service tomother is most sacred. There arealways exceptions to general rules tofollow Dharma.After the death of his mother, he wentall over the country. He won manydebates. He convinced people of otherfaiths to accept Advaita. He revived anumber of temples. He used hisspiritual powers to install Yantras inmany temples to invoke the power ofParasakti.Dumb Boy speaksMukambi is a religious place inKarnataka. When Sankara visited thisplace a poor Brahmin came to meethim. He had a son, born deaf anddumb. Sankara asked the boy, “Whoare you?” To the surprise of all, thedumb and deaf boy who had neverHara Hara Sankara 35
  • 36. Advaitam SathyamAt Tiruvidaimaridur, when Sankara entered the temple along with Saivaites who did not accept Advaita, a voice was heard thrice: “Satyam Advaitam”. In approval a hand was also raised above the Linga there.36 Jaya Jaya Sankara
  • 37. spoken a word replied, “The body is notme, it is the Paramatma who is me.”Sri Sankara was pleased with hisanswer. He gave him an amla fruit. Henamed this boy as Hastaamalakan.Hastaa means hand. The boy who tookamala in hand came to be known asHastamalakan. He became one of theprinciple disciples of Sri Sankara.TotakashtakamSankara used to give detailed trainingto his disciples. They discussed andinterpreted sastras showing theirintelligence. Giri used to remain silent.He never spoke. He never expresseddoubts or sought explanations. Hismates thought that Giri was notintelligent. They felt that he was notwell versed in sastras and scriptures.One day, all the disciples were readyfor Sankara to commence his class.However, Sankara was waiting for Girito come. The other disciples wereimpatient and thought it useless towait for Giri, as he would in any waynot understand anything.Hara Hara Sankara 37
  • 38. Tatankam At Thiruvanaikka laymen feared Goddess Akilandeshwari as she was ferocious. Sankara pacifies her by offering her an ear ring (Tatankam) inscribed with mantra chakra..38 Jaya Jaya Sankara
  • 39. When Giri arrived, he suddenly burstinto reciting slokas. No one had everheard the slokas before. The slokaswere pregnant with meaning, couchedin fine language. To their amazement,the disciples learnt that the stanzaswere created by Giri himself. They feltashamed that they had thought ill ofhim. These slokas are called“Totakashtakam”. Even today it isrecited piously by everybody inreverence to Adi Sankara. Giri wasnamed Totakar by Sri Sankara. Hebecame another principal disciple ofSankara.Advaitam SathyamSri Sankara visited Thiruvidaimarudurnear Thanjavur. This place is calledMadhyaarjunam. There is a huge Shivatemple. There was a sect whoworshipped only Shiva. They believedthat only Shiva was the superior God.All beings are low in nature. They didnot agree with advaita. They arguedthat soul is part of body and cannotbe god. Sri Sankara asked them toenter the temple. As they reached theHara Hara Sankara 39
  • 40. J ana Akarshana Yantra at Tirupati At Tirupati Sankara installed Jana Akarshna Yantra. One can witness the amazing spectacle of large number of devoteesthronging the temple every day, even today.40 Jaya Jaya Sankara
  • 41. Sanctum Sanctorum a thunderoussound echoed: “Satyam is Advaita”.This was repeated thrice. To affirmthis, a hand emerged from the Linga.All the learned persons acknowledgedthe principle of Advaita and acceptedSri Sankara as their Guru.TatankamSankara visited Chidambaram. It ishere that his Paramaguru SriGaudapada learned Sanskrit grammarfrom sage Patanjali. He paid hisobeisance and installed ‘PanchaksharaYantra’ to invoke the grace of LordShiva. He installed ‘Annapoorna-akarshana’ yantra for food-prosperity..Sankara visited Thiruvanaika, nearTrichy in Tamilnadu. The presidingdeity here is Jambukeswara, arepresentation of the element, water.Akilandeswari is His consort. Duringthe days of Sankara, she was known tobe a fierce goddess. He wanted to pacifythe goddess and make Her accessibleto laymen. He created two sets ofearrings. They are called Tatankam.Hara Hara Sankara 41
  • 42. MallikarjunamThis kshetra is abound with Jasmine creepersaround Arjuna tree where a Linga is installed. Sankara composed Sivananda Lahri here.42 Jaya Jaya Sankara
  • 43. They are in the shape of ‘chakra’ withspiritual power to control anger. Hepresented these to the Goddess. Theferocity of the deity vanished. Thistatankam is being maintained over theyears by the Acharyas of Kanchi Mutt.From there he went to nearbySrirangam and installed a ‘yantra’there.At Tiruchendur, he invoked theblessings of Lord Subrahmanya. Herecited ‘Subrahmanya Bhujangam’.Vibuti Prasad is distributed in ‘Punnai’leaf here. People recite this versewearing ‘Vibuti’ to relieve them oftheir diseases.Jana Akarshana Yantra at TirupatiSri Sankara visited Tirupati. He recitedthe Sloka “Vishnu Padaathi KeshantaStotra”. It describes the Lord from hisfoot to the head. He wished that peopleshould visit Tirumala in large numbers.For this purpose he installed a ‘Janaakarshana yantra’ at this temple.Nowhere else in the world can one seethe spectacle of surging crowd ofHara Hara Sankara 43
  • 44. Kabalikas vanquished In Hatakeswara at Srisaila Sankara was inpenance. Kabalika chief Kirakashan tried tokill Sankara to wear his skull. Lord Narasimha engaged in Padma Pada’s body, killed him. Kabalikas were thus vanquished.44 Jaya Jaya Sankara
  • 45. devotees increasing every day as atTirumalai.Sankara traveled far and wide. Hevisited the places of twelve Jyotirlingas.He composed “Dwadasa JyotirlingaStotra’ in praise of all these deitiestogether.MallikarjunamSrisaila, is a Shiva kshetra in Andhra.There is an Arjuna tree. Abound byJasmine (Malli) creepers. Hence it isknown as Mallikarjuna. A Siva Linga isinstalled under this tree. Sankaravisited this temple. Here he composedSivanandalahiri, meaning ‘Waves ofSiva’s Bliss’. Sankara went into thenearby forest, called Hatakeshwaram.It means: ‘no man enters’. He didpenance for many days in this denseforest.Kabalikas vanquishedA barbaric sect called Kabalikas livedin burial grounds wearing humanskulls. They believed in cruelty andhuman sacrifice to please Lord Shiva.Their leader Kirakashan, believed thatHara Hara Sankara 45
  • 46. BadrinathAt the behest of Lord Vishnu Sankara finds out a Vishnu idol in Alaknanda and installs it at the Badri Narayan temple and regularises pooja in the temple as per Sastras.46 Jaya Jaya Sankara
  • 47. if he could wear the skull of a youngSanyasi he could go to Kailash straight.He came to this forest and dared toask Sankara to give his life. Sankarareplied, “This body will die one day. Ithas no value. If it shall be useful toyou now, take it”. As Kirakashan wasabout to behead Sankara, fromnowhere a lion appeared and killedKirakashan. The lion turned out to benone other than Lord Narasimhaengaged in the body of Padma Pada.Sankara pacified Padma Pada andpropitiated Lord Narasimha. Thus theKabalikas were also vanquished.Sankara then went to Ahobila andworshipped Lakshmi Narasimha.BadrinathSankara visited Badrinath in mountKailash. Lord Vishnu appeared beforehim. He indicated to him that an idolwith his powers was buried in riverAlakananda. He ordained Sankara toredeem it. Sankara found it out andinstalled it at the Badrinarayan temple.He then reached Kedarnath. By usinghis yogic power, he safely left hisHara Hara Sankara 47
  • 48. Pancha Linga from Lord ShivaSankara visits Kailash and obtained five Lingas from Lord Shiva. He installed them at Kedarnath, Nepal , Chidambaram, Sringeri. He retained one with him at Kanchi. It is worshipped even today.48 Jaya Jaya Sankara
  • 49. mundane body. He reached Kailash tohave dharshan of Lord Shiva andParvati. He sang the glory of LordShiva in the verses “Siva KesadiPadantha Stotra” and ‘Siva PadadiKesantha Stotra”.Pancha Linga from Lord ShivaLord Siva gave Five Lingas to beinstalled in five different temples invarious temples. Back at Kedarnath hereentered his worldly body andcommenced his yatra again. Somehistorians have misconstrued this asSankara attaining Samadhi. At theKedarnath temple he placed the MuktiLinga obtained from the Lord.Soundarya LahriImmersed in the benign grace ofGoddess Parvathi at Kailas, Sankarastood dumb unable to utter any word.The Lord himself rendered SoundaryaLahri and gave its script in palm leavesto Sankara.Pasupatinath Temple at NepalAt Nepal he installed the second one,Vara lingam, at the Neelakanta temple.He also reformed the pooja rituals inHara Hara Sankara 49
  • 50. Soundarya LahriAt Kailash when Sankara got immersed in the beauty of Parasakti, Lord Shiva rendered Soundarya Lahri. He brought from Him a palm-leaf script of this verse.50 Jaya Jaya Sankara
  • 51. conformity with Vedic order. VisitingChidambaram again he placed thethird Moksha linga at the Natarajatemple,. The fourth Boga Linga wasplaced at the Sringeri Peetam.At the eastern coastal place of PuriJagannath, he established anotherpeetam and installed Padma Pada as itsfirst Acharya. This is called GovardanPeet.Kanchi Kamakoti PeetamHe travelled further and finallyreached Kanchi. At the entrance to thecity King Raja Senan accorded areverential welcome. He stayed at theVisweswara temple near theSarvatheertham. At his direction, theking redesigned Kanchi city in theshape of a chakra to exert the divinepower of Kamakshi. He reconstructedthe famous temples of Ekambaranatha,Kumarakkottam, Kamakshi Amman.Kamakshi was looking ferocious todevotees. Lay people were afraid ofvisiting the temple. By his spiritualHara Hara Sankara 51
  • 52. Pasupatinath Temple at Nepal At Nepal he regularised the temple pooja as per sastras.. He placed the Vara Linga obtained from Kailas at this temple.52 Jaya Jaya Sankara
  • 53. power, Sankara contained her ferocityby placing a mantra-chakra at the feetof Kamakshi idol. One can see this eventoday. Since then Goddess Kamakshicalmed down. She gives benigndharshan exuberating abundantcompassion and grace to devotees.This temple, under the directmanagement of Sankara has a sakthipeet called ‘Kamakoti’. Adi Sankaraalso named his peetam by this name,deriving Her majestic power. The fifthYoga Linga from Kailas, was retainedby him. Since then it is worshipped atthe Kamakoti Peetam every day by hissuccessive Acharyas even now.ShanmathasthapanacharyaSankara’s mission was to restore VedicDharma. He conquered all irreligioussects. He firmly established Advaita Healso thought it necessary to streamlinethe pooja rituals to help ordinarypeople realize God within their ownhumble reach. Throughout his travelin Bharath he found that there werespecial favorite gods in each region. HeHara Hara Sankara 53
  • 54. Jyotirmath On his return from Kailash Sankara established a peetam at Jyotirmath near Kedarnath54 Jaya Jaya Sankara
  • 55. thought it prudent to integrate theminto a religious system and make allequal. He wanted people to understandthat while they worship and followtheir own form, they should also feelthat all are equal. All forms of worshiplead to one and the same God.‘Panchayatana’ way of worship isordained as a daily pooja ritual for agrahasta - family man. He added lordMuruga to this form of worship. Thussix forms of worship were regularized.They are: Ganapatyam, Saivam,Saktam, Vaishnavam, Souram andKaumaram. These were popular formsof worship in Maharashtra, Kashmirand Karnataka, Bengal, Andhra, Orissa,Tamil Nadu respectively. He ordainedthat they too shall have the sanctionof Vedic scripture. As he firmlyestablished six forms of worship, hewas called ‘Shanmata-sthapanacharya’.Advaita led people to a highphilosophical and spiritual order.Shanmata upasana helped lay peoplealso take to the bhakti way of realizingGod.Hara Hara Sankara 55
  • 56. Shanmathasthapanacharya He included Muruga worship in the Panchayatana pooja. He integrated popular forms of worship in various parts of Bharat as Shanmata: Ganapatyam, Saivam, Saktam, Vaishnavam, Souram and Kaumaram. He is respected as Shanmathasthapanacharya.56 Jaya Jaya Sankara
  • 57. Four DisciplesTo perpetuate his mission heestablished ‘Peetams’ andinstitutionalized his mission forposterity. These peetams are spreadacross the country. At Sringeri heestablished Sarada peetam. MandanaMisra was the first Sankaracharyathere. Between Kedarnath andBadrinath, Jyotirmath was establishedwith Totakacharya as the first Acharya.At Puri Govardhan math Padma Padawas the first Acharya. At DwarakaHastamalaka was installed as the firstPeedatipadi. These peetams established2500 years ago speak of the forwardthinking, administrative andmanagement skills of our people.Sarvagjna Peetam at KanchiAs a culmination to his Avatar he hasto ascend the Sarvagjna Peeta, theThrone of Omniscience and choseKanchi as the abode for this. A largegathering of scholars had assembledthere. Sankara explained to them theHara Hara Sankara 57
  • 58. 58 Four Disciples Sankara founded four Peetams at Dwaraka, Jyotirmath, Puri & Sringeri - his disciples Hastamalaka, Totaka Padmapada Sureswara took charge of them respectively.Jaya Jaya Sankara He himself was the first Acharya at Kanchi Kamakoti Peetam.
  • 59. eternal and all-pervading nature ofBrahman, the inability of man tounderstand the Supreme One seemingas different entities, because ofignorance, the nonexistence of a secondother than the Brahman and the meansfor attaining emancipation. Thescholars were fully convinced. Theybowed before the Great Acharya.Thereafter Sankara ascended theSarvajnapeetha amidst the sounding ofmusical instruments and thetumultuous shouts of joy of the vastnumber of devoted spectators. Showersof flowers fell from above and afragrant breeze blew all around.True to his philosophy his mortal bodydisappeared and his soul merged withGoddess Kamakshi. In witness to thisevent, a sanctum Sanctorum for himremains in the Kamakshi temple fromthat day onwards, even today.Kanchi Kamakoti PeetamBefore attaining Sarvagjna PeetaSankara wanted to perpetuate hismission forever from Kanchi. A youngHara Hara Sankara 59
  • 60. Kanchi Kamakoti PeetamFinally Sankara reached Kancheepuram. He helped the king to redesign Kanchi in the shape of a Chakra. Installed a chakra at Kamakshi Temple to pacify her ferocity. Establishes Kamakoti Peetam.60 Jaya Jaya Sankara
  • 61. bright boy from a village Brahmadesamin the Tambrabarani riverbed was oneamong his followers at Kanchipuram.Sankara found him eminently suitablefor continuing his work. He laterhanded over the reins of KanchiKamakoti Peetam in his hands.Since then Kamakoti Peetam hasuninterrupted lineage of Acharyas. Inthis century Sri ChandrasekarendraSaraswati Swamigal presided over for 87Years (1907 to 1994). He was keen onre-establishing Adi Sankara’s services.In 1954 he chose Sri Jayendra SaraswatiSwamigal as his successor. In 1983 SriSankara Vijayendra Saraswati Swamigalwas chosen as successor to Sri JayendraSaraswati Swamigal. Both the Acharyasare now conducting the affairs of KanchiKamakoti Peetam.Sri Kanchi Kamakoti Peetham has thedistinction of an unbroken line of 70Acharyas till now. The Acharyas havetaken measures for the protection ofVeda Dharma, for propagating theHara Hara Sankara 61
  • 62. Sarvagjna Peetam at KanchiAt the assembly of religious leaders Sankara, clarifies Advaita and related philosophy.Hailed by all he ascends Sarvagjna Peeta and returned to His abode Kailash from Kanchi.62 Jaya Jaya Sankara
  • 63. Advaita discipline, and alleviating thesufferings of the people.Several Schools, Colleges, Hospitals,Rural Development Work are undertaken under the aegis of KamakotiPeetam. A deemed university “SriChandrasekaremdra Viswa Maha-vidyalaya” has been established atKanchi.The peetam shall continue to serve thelegacy of Adi Sankara in true spirit andfervor adapting to modern times as well.Hara Hara Sankara 63
  • 64. Jaya Jaya Sankara Hara Hara Sankara65432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321210987654321098765432109876543216543210987654321210987654321098765432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432165432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 477 Rishobha in the Cyclic Year Raktaksh 2625654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321210987654321098765432109876543216543210987654321210987654321098765432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432165432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 Sukla Ekadasi of the month of Adhika65432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321210987654321098765432109876543216543210987654321210987654321098765432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432165432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 Niryana of Sankara in his 32nd year on654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321210987654321098765432109876543216543210987654321210987654321098765432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432165432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 482 the first Acharya 262065432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321210987654321098765432109876543216543210987654321210987654321098765432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432165432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 year Siddharthi with Adi Sankara himself as654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321210987654321098765432109876543216543210987654321210987654321098765432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432165432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 founded in Vaisakha Sukla Purnima of the65432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321210987654321098765432109876543216543210987654321210987654321098765432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432165432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 The Kamakoti Pieetha at Kanchi was654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321210987654321098765432109876543216543210987654321210987654321098765432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432165432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 484 Pitadhipati 261865432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321210987654321098765432109876543216543210987654321210987654321098765432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432165432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 Pingala with Sureswaracharya , as its first654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321210987654321098765432109876543216543210987654321210987654321098765432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432165432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 by Sri Sankara in Pusya Purnima of the year65432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321210987654321098765432109876543216543210987654321210987654321098765432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432165432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 The Sarada Peetha at Sringeri was founded654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321210987654321098765432109876543216543210987654321210987654321098765432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432165432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 485 Padmapadacharya as its first Acharya 261765432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321210987654321098765432109876543216543210987654321210987654321098765432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432165432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 of the cyclic year Nala with654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321210987654321098765432109876543216543210987654321210987654321098765432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432165432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 Purl (Jagannath) on Vaisakha Sukla Navami65432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321210987654321098765432109876543216543210987654321210987654321098765432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432165432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 Sri Sankara founded the Govardhan Math of654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321210987654321098765432109876543216543210987654321210987654321098765432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432165432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 486 first Acharya 261665432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321210987654321098765432109876543216543210987654321210987654321098765432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432165432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 Raksasa with Totakacharya as its654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321210987654321098765432109876543216543210987654321210987654321098765432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432165432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 Pusya Suddha Poumima of the cyclic year65432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321210987654321098765432109876543216543210987654321210987654321098765432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432165432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 Sri Sankara founded the Jyotir Math on654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321210987654321098765432109876543216543210987654321210987654321098765432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432165432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 491 Acharya) 261165432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321210987654321098765432109876543216543210987654321210987654321098765432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432165432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 Sadharana with Hastamalaka as its first654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321210987654321098765432109876543216543210987654321210987654321098765432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432165432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 (Magha SuklaSapthami of the cyclic year65432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321210987654321098765432109876543216543210987654321210987654321098765432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432165432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 Sri Sankara founded the Dwaraka Math654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321210987654321098765432109876543216543210987654321210987654321098765432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432165432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 493 48 years (Cyclic year Kilaka) 260965432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321210987654321098765432109876543216543210987654321210987654321098765432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432165432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 (Kumarila was older than Sankara by654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321210987654321098765432109876543216543210987654321210987654321098765432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432165432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 of self-immolation by Kumarila Bhatta65432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321210987654321098765432109876543216543210987654321210987654321098765432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432165432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 time in Rudhapura near Prayaga at the time654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321210987654321098765432109876543216543210987654321210987654321098765432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432165432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 Kumarila Bhatta for the first and the last65432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321210987654321098765432109876543216543210987654321210987654321098765432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432165432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 Sankara, in his 16th year, met654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321210987654321098765432109876543216543210987654321210987654321098765432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432165432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 497 Govinda Bhaghavatpadacharya -260565432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321210987654321098765432109876543216543210987654321210987654321098765432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432165432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 499 Philosophical study under 2603-654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321210987654321098765432109876543216543210987654321210987654321098765432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432165432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 499 (Kartika Sukla Ekadasi, Cyclic year Plava) 260365432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321210987654321098765432109876543216543210987654321210987654321098765432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432165432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 Holy Order of Sanyasa654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321210987654321098765432109876543216543210987654321210987654321098765432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432165432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 Got his mother’s permission to enter the65432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321210987654321098765432109876543216543210987654321210987654321098765432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432165432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321501 Completed study of the Veda 2601654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321210987654321098765432109876543216543210987654321210987654321098765432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432165432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321504 Upanayana of Sankara 259865432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321210987654321098765432109876543216543210987654321210987654321098765432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432165432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321509 Birth of Sri Sankara (Cyclic year Nandana) 2593654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321210987654321098765432109876543216543210987654321210987654321098765432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432165432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 B.C. Kali65432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321210987654321098765432109876543216543210987654321210987654321098765432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432165432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 Sri Adi Sankara65432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321210987654321098765432109876543216543210987654321210987654321098765432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432165432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321 Important Dates in the life of65432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321210987654321098765432109876543216543210987654321210987654321098765432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432165432109876543212109876543210987654321098765432121098765432109876543210987654321