How EFFECTIVE TRAINING helps in learning• An effective trainer creates, seeks, and findsopportunities for learning.•An effective trainer uses a variety of methodsto present their message(s) to their audience(s).•An effective trainer understands the advantages anddisadvantages of various training methods, and usesthe best method for a given training situation.
DIFFERENT TRAINING METHODS• Lectures• Talks• Demonstrations• Discussions• Case studies• Role playing• Simulations• Brainstorming• Buzz groups• Questions & Answers• Learning centers• Reflection
WHAT IS A DEMONSTRATION?DM is one in which the student observes the portrayal ofprocedure, technique, or operation.The demonstration method shows how to do something or howsomething works.Demonstration involves showing by reason or proof explaining or makingclear by use of examples or experimentsThis method is a visual display of how something works or how to dosomething. As an example, trainer shows the trainees how to perform orhow to do the tasks of the job. In order to be moreeffective, demonstration method should be accompanied by thediscussion or lecture method.When a trainer has the audience actually perform a task by showing andexplaining how to do it, this is called a demonstration.During a demonstration, the audience is encouraged to ask questions andrequest assistance as they try to do the task by themselves.THE DEMONSTRATION METHOD
WHEN SHOULD DEMONSTRATIONS BE USED?• The demonstration method is effective when teachingskills.• Demonstrations are appropriate when there is plenty oftime for interaction because practice is necessary tomaster most skills.• Demonstrations are best for small groups, or whenadequate staff is available to work with a large group.
Guidelines for Its Effective UseBEFORE DURING AFTERThe demonstrator must beskilled and knowledgeable.The place must be quiet. Allow some questions.Make sure that the materialsto be used are available.Extreme care must betaken in performingsome delicate steps.ExaminationAll the equipment and tools tobe used should be readyahead of time.Activity must not beinterrupted byunnecessary noise.Analysis of trends,patterns.The demonstrator must tryeverything to bedemonstrated.Taking notes are allowedwhile observing.Conclusion undertaken bythe class.Observers must be motivated. Short test. Oralevaluation. Performance.Demonstrator must beflexible about on-the-spotrevisions.Proper room arrangment.
DEMONSTRATION METHOD PROS &CONSADVANTAGES:It sets standards by showing exactly how a thing is to be doneand the degree of proficiency required to meet objective.The demonstration appeals both to the sense of sight andhearing. The method saves time since principles, theories, andoperations can usually be shown more quickly then they can beexplained. Good for VAIt follows a systematic procedure Demonstrations provide a hands-onexperience (hear, see, do).Participants have plenty of interaction with trainers, andeveryone is allowed to progress at their own pace as they masterthe skill.
DRAWBACKS:Since trainee do not actively participate in all demonstration, thereis less reinforcement of training if this method is used alone.•Thus, this method should be followed with a practical exercise inwhich the trainer do participate.Demonstrations require a lot of preparation, time, materials, andpatience. The time allotted for demonstrations must be flexible.It is important to insure every participant has an opportunity tomaster the skill being taught. Hands-on activities can be a potential source offrustration, especially in the case of complex skills. It may benecessary to offer supplementary help (e.g. a follow-up session) forparticipants having difficulty.
“If the trainee hasn’t learned,the trainer hasn’t taught.”