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  • 1. ANNA UNIVERSITY, CHENNAI AFFILIATED INSTITUTIONS R-2008 B.E. BIOMEDICAL ENGINEERING II- VIII SEMESTERS CURRICULA AND SYLLABI SEMESTER IISL. COURSE COURSE TITLE L T P CNo. CODETHEORY 1. HS2161 Technical English – II* 3 1 0 4 2. MA2161 Mathematics – II* 3 1 0 4 3. PH2161 Engineering Physics – II* 3 0 0 3 4. CY2161 Engineering Chemistry – II* 3 0 0 3 5. a ME2151 Engineering Mechanics 3 1 0 4 (For non-circuit branches) 5. b EE2151 Circuit Theory 3 1 0 4 (For branches under Electrical Faculty)5. c EC2151 Electric Circuits and Electron Devices 3 1 0 4 (For branches under I & C Faculty) 6. a GE2151 Basic Electrical & Electronics Engineering 4 0 0 4 (For non-circuit branches) 6. b GE2152 Basic Civil & Mechanical Engineering 4 0 0 4 (For circuit branches)PRACTICALS 7. GE2155 Computer Practice Laboratory-II* 0 1 2 2 1
  • 2. 8. GS2165 Physics & Chemistry Laboratory - II* 0 0 3 2 9. a ME2155 Computer Aided Drafting and Modeling 0 1 2 2 Laboratory (For non-circuits branches) 9. b EE2155 Electrical Circuits Laboratory 0 0 3 2 (For branches under Electrical Faculty) 9. c EC2155 Circuits and Devices Laboratory 0 0 3 2 (For branches under I & C Faculty) TOTAL : 28 CREDITS + 10. - 0 0 2 - English Language Laboratory* Common to all B.E. / B.Tech. Programmes nd+ Offering English Language Laboratory as an additional subject (with no marks) during 2semester may be decided by the respective Colleges affiliated to Anna University Chennai. A. CIRCUIT BRANCHES I Faculty of Electrical Engineering 1. B.E. Electrical and Electronics Engineering 2. B.E. Electronics and Instrumentation Engineering 3. B.E. Instrumentation and Control Engineering II Faculty of Information and Communication Engineering 1. B.E. Computer Science and Engineering 2. B.E. Electronics and Communication Engineering 3. B.E. Bio Medical Engineering 4. B.Tech. Information Technology B. NON – CIRCUIT BRANCHES I Faculty of Civil Engineering 1. B.E. Civil Engineering II Faculty of Mechanical Engineering 1. B.E. Aeronautical Engineering 2
  • 3. 2. B.E. Automobile Engineering 3. B.E. Marine Engineering 4. B.E. Mechanical Engineering 5. B.E. Production EngineeringIII Faculty of Technology 1. B.Tech. Chemical Engineering 2. B.Tech. Biotechnology 3. B.Tech. Polymer Technology 4. B.Tech. Textile Technology 5. B.Tech. Textile Technology (Fashion Technology) 6. B.Tech. Petroleum Engineering 7. B.Tech. Plastics Technology SEMESTER III (Applicable to the students admitted from the Academic year 2008–2009 onwards) Code No. Course Title L T P CTHEORY MA 2211 Transforms and Partial Differential Equations 3 1 0 4 BM 2201 Medical Physics 3 0 0 3 BM 2202 Signals and Systems 3 1 0 4 BM 2203 Sensors and Measurements 3 1 0 4 BM 2204 Electronic Circuits 3 1 0 4 BM 2205 Biochemistry 3 0 0 3 BM 2206 Anatomy and Human Physiology 3 0 0 3PRACTICAL BM 2208 Biochemistry and Human Physiology Lab 0 0 4 2 BM 2209 Electronic Circuits Lab 0 0 3 2 TOTAL 21 4 7 29 3
  • 4. SEMESTER IV (Applicable to the students admitted from the Academic year 2008–2009 onwards) Code No. Course Title L T P CTHEORY MA 2261 Probability and Random Processes 3 1 0 4 BM 2251 Biomedical Instrumentation 3 0 0 3 BM 2253 Basics of Electrical Engineering 3 0 0 3 BM 2254 Analog and Digital ICs 3 1 0 4 BM 2252 Pathology and Microbiology 3 0 0 3 BM 2255 Analog and Digital Communication 3 0 0 3 GE 2021 Environmental Science and Engineering 3 0 0 3PRACTICAL BM 2257 Integrated Circuits Lab 0 0 3 2 BM 2258 Pathology and Microbiology Lab 0 0 4 2 TOTAL 21 2 7 27 SEMESTER V (Applicable to the students admitted from the Academic year 2008–2009 onwards) Code No. Course Title L T P CTHEORYBM2305 Digital Signal Processing 3 1 0 4BM2301 Bio control systems 3 1 0 4BM2302 Diagnostic and Therapeutic Equipment I 3 0 0 3BM2303 Bio materials and artificial organs 3 0 0 3EC2363 Microprocessor, Microcontroller and System Design 3 0 0 3BM2304 Hospital Management 3 0 0 3PRACTICALBM2306 Microprocessor and Microcontroller Lab 0 0 3 2BM2307 Biomedical Instrumentation Lab 0 0 3 2GE2321 Communication Skills Lab 0 0 4 2 TOTAL 18 2 10 26 4
  • 5. SEMESTER VI (Applicable to the students admitted from the Academic year 2008–2009 onwards) Code No. Course Title L T P CTHEORYBM2351 Radiological Equipment 3 0 0 3BM2352 Biomechanics 3 0 0 3BM2353 Diagnostic and Therapeutic Equipments II 3 0 0 3CS2361 Internet and Java 3 0 0 3 Elective I 3 0 0 3 Elective II 3 0 0 3PRACTICALBM2356 Digital Signal Processing Lab 0 0 3 2CS2362 Internet and Java programming Lab 0 0 3 2BM2355 Diagnostic and Therapeutic Equipment Lab 0 0 3 2 TOTAL 18 0 9 24 SEMESTER VII (Applicable to the students admitted from the Academic year 2008–2009 onwards) Code No. Course Title L T P CTHEORYBM2401 Pattern Recognition and Neural Networks 3 0 0 3BM2402 Medical Informatics 3 0 0 3BM2403 Medical Optics 3 0 0 3BM2404 Digital Image Processing 3 0 0 3 Elective III 3 0 0 3 Elective IV 3 0 0 3PRACTICALBM2405 Hospital Training 0 0 4 2BM2406 Digital Image Processing Lab 0 0 3 2 TOTAL 18 0 7 22 5
  • 6. SEMESTER VIII (Applicable to the students admitted from the Academic year 2008–2009 onwards) Code No. Course Title L T P CTHEORY Elective V 3 0 0 3 Elective VI 3 0 0 3PRACTICALBM2451 Project Work 0 0 12 6 TOTAL 6 0 12 12 LIST OF ELECTIVES SEMESTER VI – Elective I Code No. Course Title L T P CBM2021 BioFluids and Dynamics 3 0 0 3BM2022 Biometric Systems 3 0 0 3EC2303 Computer Architecture and Organization 3 0 0 3 SEMESTER VI – Elective II Code No. Course Title L T P CCS2068 Data Structures and Object Oriented Programming 3 0 0 3GE2071 Intellectual Property Rights 3 0 0 3GE2072 Indian Constitution and Society 3 0 0 3 SEMESTER VII - Elective III Code No. Course Title L T P CBM2023 Physiological Modelling 3 0 0 3BM2024 BioInformatics 3 0 0 3GE2022 Total Quality Management 3 0 0 3EC2038 Nano Electronics 3 0 0 3 6
  • 7. SEMESTER VII - Elective IV Code No. Course Title L T P CEC2352 Computer Networks 3 0 0 3CS2069 Computer Hardware, Interfacing and 3 0 0 3 InstrumentationBM2027 Refrigeration and Air Conditioning 3 0 0 3 SEMESTER VIII - Elective V Code No. Course Title L T P CBM2029 BioMEMS 3 0 0 3BM2025 Assist Devices 3 0 0 3EC2354 VLSI Design 3 0 0 3GE2025 Professional Ethics in Engineering 3 0 0 3 SEMESTER VIII - Elective VI Code No. Course Title L T P CBM2026 Medical Imaging Techniques 3 0 0 3CS2053 Soft Computing 3 0 0 3BM2028 Rapid Prototyping 3 0 0 3 7
  • 8. HS2161 TECHNICAL ENGLISH II L T P C 3 1 0 4AIM:To encourage students to actively involve in participative learning of English and to helpthem acquire Communication Skills.OBJECTIVES: 1. To help students develop listening skills for academic and professional purposes. 2. To help students acquire the ability to speak effectively in English in real-life situations. 3. To inculcate reading habit and to develop effective reading skills. 4. To help students improve their active and passive vocabulary. 5. To familiarize students with different rhetorical functions of scientific English. 6. To enable students write letters and reports effectively in formal and business situations.UNIT I 12Technical Vocabulary - meanings in context, sequencing words, Articles- Prepositions,intensive reading& predicting content, Reading and interpretation, extended definitions,Process descriptionSuggested activities: 1. Exercises on word formation using the prefix ‘self’ - Gap filling with preposition. 2. Exercises - Using sequence words. 3. Reading comprehension exercise with questions based on inference – Reading headings 4. and predicting the content – Reading advertisements and interpretation. 5. Writing extended definitions – Writing descriptions of processes – Writing paragraphs based on discussions – Writing paragraphs describing the future.UNIT II 12Phrases / Structures indicating use / purpose – Adverbs-Skimming – Non-verbalcommunication - Listening – correlating verbal and non-verbal communication -Speakingin group discussions – Formal Letter writing – Writing analytical paragraphs.Suggested activities: 1. Reading comprehension exercises with questions on overall content – Discussions analyzing stylistic features (creative and factual description) - Reading comprehension exercises with texts including graphic communication - Exercises in interpreting non-verbal communication. 2. Listening comprehension exercises to categorise data in tables. 3. Writing formal letters, quotations, clarification, complaint – Letter seeking permission for Industrial visits– Writing analytical paragraphs on different debatable issues.UNIT III 12Cause and effect expressions – Different grammatical forms of the same word - Speaking– stress and intonation, Group Discussions - Reading – Critical reading - Listening, -Writing – using connectives, report writing – types, structure, data collection, content, form,recommendations . 8
  • 9. Suggested activities: 1. Exercises combining sentences using cause and effect expressions – Gap filling exercises using the appropriate tense forms – Making sentences using different grammatical forms of the same word. ( Eg: object –verb / object – noun ) 2. Speaking exercises involving the use of stress and intonation – Group discussions– analysis of problems and offering solutions. 3. Reading comprehension exercises with critical questions, Multiple choice question. 4. Sequencing of jumbled sentences using connectives – Writing different types of reports like industrial accident report and survey report – Writing recommendations.UNIT IV 12Numerical adjectives – Oral instructions – Descriptive writing – Argumentativeparagraphs – Letter of application - content, format (CV / Bio-data) - Instructions,imperative forms - Checklists, Yes/No question form – E-mail communication.Suggested Activities: 1. Rewriting exercises using numerical adjectives. 2. Reading comprehension exercises with analytical questions on content – Evaluation of content. 3. Listening comprehension – entering information in tabular form, intensive listening exercise and completing the steps of a process. 4. Speaking - Role play – group discussions – Activities giving oral instructions. 5. Writing descriptions, expanding hints – Writing argumentative paragraphs – Writing formal letters – Writing letter of application with CV/Bio-data – Writing general and safety instructions – Preparing checklists – Writing e-mail messages.UNIT V 9Speaking - Discussion of Problems and solutions - Creative and critical thinking – Writingan essay, Writing a proposal.Suggested Activities: 1. Case Studies on problems and solutions 2. Brain storming and discussion 3. Writing Critical essays 4. Writing short proposals of 2 pages for starting a project, solving problems, etc. 5. Writing advertisements. TOTAL : 60 PERIODSTEXT BOOK: 1. Chapters 5 – 8. Department of Humanities & Social Sciences, Anna University, ‘English for Engineers and Technologists’ Combined Edition (Volumes 1 & 2), Chennai: Orient Longman Pvt. Ltd., 2006. Themes 5 – 8 (Technology, Communication, Environment, Industry)REFERENCES:1. P. K. Dutt, G. Rajeevan and C.L.N Prakash, ‘A Course in Communication Skills’, Cambridge University Press, India 2007.2. Krishna Mohan and Meera Banerjee, ‘Developing Communication Skills’, Macmillan India Ltd., (Reprinted 1994 – 2007).3. Edgar Thorpe, Showick Thorpe, ‘Objective English’, Second Edition, Pearson Education, 2007. 9
  • 10. Extensive Reading: 1. Robin Sharma, ‘The Monk Who Sold His Ferrari’, Jaico Publishing House, 2007Note:The book listed under Extensive Reading is meant for inculcating the reading habit of thestudents. They need not be used for testing purposes.MA2161 MATHEMATICS – II L T P C 3 1 0 4UNIT I ORDINARY DIFFERENTIAL EQUATIONS 12Higher order linear differential equations with constant coefficients – Method of variation ofparameters – Cauchy’s and Legendre’s linear equations – Simultaneous first order linearequations with constant coefficients.UNIT II VECTOR CALCULUS 12Gradient Divergence and Curl – Directional derivative – Irrotational and solenoidal vectorfields – Vector integration – Green’s theorem in a plane, Gauss divergence theorem andstokes’ theorem (excluding proofs) – Simple applications involving cubes and rectangularparallelpipeds.UNIT III ANALYTIC FUNCTIONS 12Functions of a complex variable – Analytic functions – Necessary conditions, Cauchy –Riemann equation and Sufficient conditions (excluding proofs) – Harmonic and orthogonalproperties of analytic function – Harmonic conjugate – Construction of analytic functions –Conformal mapping : w= z+c, cz, 1/z, and bilinear transformation.UNIT IV COMPLEX INTEGRATION 12Complex integration – Statement and applications of Cauchy’s integral theorem andCauchy’s integral formula – Taylor and Laurent expansions – Singular points – Residues –Residue theorem – Application of residue theorem to evaluate real integrals – Unit circleand semi-circular contour(excluding poles on boundaries).UNIT V LAPLACE TRANSFORM 12Laplace transform – Conditions for existence – Transform of elementary functions – Basicproperties – Transform of derivatives and integrals – Transform of unit step function andimpulse functions – Transform of periodic functions.Definition of Inverse Laplace transform as contour integral – Convolution theorem(excluding proof) – Initial and Final value theorems – Solution of linear ODE of secondorder with constant coefficients using Laplace transformation techniques. TOTAL : 60 PERIODSTEXT BOOKS: rd1. Bali N. P and Manish Goyal, “Text book of Engineering Mathematics”, 3 Edition, Laxmi Publications (p) Ltd., (2008). th2. Grewal. B.S, “Higher Engineering Mathematics”, 40 Edition, Khanna Publications, Delhi, (2007). 10
  • 11. REFERENCES:1. Ramana B.V, “Higher Engineering Mathematics”,Tata McGraw Hill Publishing Company, New Delhi, (2007). rd2. Glyn James, “Advanced Engineering Mathematics”, 3 Edition, Pearson Education, (2007). th3. Erwin Kreyszig, “Advanced Engineering Mathematics”, 7 Edition, Wiley India, (2007). rd4. Jain R.K and Iyengar S.R.K, “Advanced Engineering Mathematics”, 3 Edition, Narosa Publishing House Pvt. Ltd., (2007).PH2161 ENGINEERING PHYSICS – II L T P C 3 0 0 3UNIT I CONDUCTING MATERIALS 9Conductors – classical free electron theory of metals – Electrical and thermal conductivity– Wiedemann – Franz law – Lorentz number – Draw backs of classical theory – Quantumtheory – Fermi distribution function – Effect of temperature on Fermi Function – Density ofenergy states – carrier concentration in metals.UNIT II SEMICONDUCTING MATERIALS 9Intrinsic semiconductor – carrier concentration derivation – Fermi level – Variation of Fermilevel with temperature – electrical conductivity – band gap determination – extrinsicsemiconductors – carrier concentration derivation in n-type and p-type semiconductor –variation of Fermi level with temperature and impurity concentration – compoundsemiconductors – Hall effect –Determination of Hall coefficient – Applications.UNIT III MAGNETIC AND SUPERCONDUCTING MATERIALS 9Origin of magnetic moment – Bohr magneton – Dia and para magnetism – Ferromagnetism – Domain theory – Hysteresis – soft and hard magnetic materials – anti –ferromagnetic materials – Ferrites – applications – magnetic recording and readout –storage of magnetic data – tapes, floppy and magnetic disc drives.Superconductivity : properties - Types of super conductors – BCS theory ofsuperconductivity(Qualitative) - High Tc superconductors – Applications ofsuperconductors – SQUID, cryotron, magnetic levitation.UNIT IV DIELECTRIC MATERIALS 9Electrical susceptibility – dielectric constant – electronic, ionic, orientational and spacecharge polarization – frequency and temperature dependence of polarisation – internalfield – Claussius – Mosotti relation (derivation) – dielectric loss – dielectric breakdown –uses of dielectric materials (capacitor and transformer) – ferroelectricity and applications.UNIT V MODERN ENGINEERING MATERIALS 9Metallic glasses: preparation, properties and applications.Shape memory alloys (SMA): Characteristics, properties of NiTi alloy, application,advantages and disadvantages of SMANanomaterials: synthesis –plasma arcing – chemical vapour deposition – sol-gels –electrodeposition – ball milling - properties of nanoparticles and applications.Carbon nanotubes: fabrication – arc method – pulsed laser deposition – chemical vapourdeposition - structure – properties and applications. TOTAL: 45 PERIODS 11
  • 12. TEXT BOOKS:1. Charles Kittel ‘ Introduction to Solid State Physics’, John Wiley & sons, th 7 edition, Singapore (2007)2. Charles P. Poole and Frank J.Ownen, ’Introduction to Nanotechnology’, Wiley India(2007) (for Unit V)REFERENCES:1. Rajendran, V, and Marikani A, ‘Materials science’Tata McGraw Hill publications, (2004) New delhi.2. Jayakumar, S. ‘Materials science’, R.K. Publishers, Coimbatore, (2008).3. Palanisamy P.K, ‘Materials science’, Scitech publications(India) Pvt. LTd., Chennai, second Edition(2007)4. M. Arumugam, ‘Materials Science’ Anuradha publications, Kumbakonam, (2006).CY2161 ENGINEERING CHEMISTRY – II L T P C 3 0 0 3AIMTo impart a sound knowledge on the principles of chemistry involving the differentapplication oriented topics required for all engineering branches.OBJECTIVES  The student should be conversant with the principles electrochemistry, electrochemical cells, emf and applications of emf measurements.  Principles of corrosion control  Chemistry of Fuels and combustion  Industrial importance of Phase rule and alloys  Analytical techniques and their importance.UNIT I ELECTROCHEMISTRY 9Electrochemical cells – reversible and irreversible cells – EMF – measurement of emf –Single electrode potential – Nernst equation (problem) – reference electrodes –StandardHydrogen electrode -Calomel electrode – Ion selective electrode – glass electrode andmeasurement of pH – electrochemical series – significance – potentiometer titrations + + -(redox - Fe² vs dichromate and precipitation – Ag vs CI titrations) and conduct metrictitrations (acid-base – HCI vs, NaOH) titrations,UNIT II CORROSION AND CORROSION CONTROL 9Chemical corrosion – Pilling – Bedworth rule – electrochemical corrosion – different types– galvanic corrosion – differential aeration corrosion – factors influencing corrosion –corrosion control – sacrificial anode and impressed cathodic current methods – corrosioninhibitors – protective coatings – paints – constituents and functions – metallic coatings –electroplating (Au) and electroless (Ni) plating. 12
  • 13. UNIT III FUELS AND COMBUSTION 9Calorific value – classification – Coal – proximate and ultimate analysis metallurgical coke– manufacture by Otto-Hoffmann method – Petroleum processing and fractions – cracking– catalytic cracking and methods-knocking – octane number and cetane number –synthetic petrol – Fischer Tropsch and Bergius processes – Gaseous fuels- water gas,producer gas, CNG and LPG, Flue gas analysis – Orsat apparatus – theoretical air forcombustion.UNIT IV PHASE RULE AND ALLOYS 9Statement and explanation of terms involved – one component system – water system –condensed phase rule – construction of phase diagram by thermal analysis – simpleeutectic systems (lead-silver system only) – alloys – importance, ferrous alloys – nichromeand stainless steel – heat treatment of steel, non-ferrous alloys – brass and bronze.UNIT V ANALYTICAL TECHNIQUES 9Beer-Lambert’s law (problem) – UV-visible spectroscopy and IR spectroscopy – principles– instrumentation (problem) (block diagram only) – estimation of iron by colorimetry –flame photometry – principle – instrumentation (block diagram only) – estimation of sodiumby flame photometry – atomic absorption spectroscopy – principles – instrumentation(block diagram only) – estimation of nickel by atomic absorption spectroscopy. TOTAL: 45 PERIODS TEXT BOOKS:1. P.C.Jain and Monica Jain, “Engineering Chemistry” Dhanpat Rai Pub, Co., New Delhi (2002).2. S.S.Dara “A text book of Engineering Chemistry” S.Chand & Co.Ltd., New Delhi (2006).REFERENCES:1. B.Sivasankar “Engineering Chemistry” Tata McGraw-Hill Pub.Co.Ltd, New Delhi (2008).2. B.K.Sharma “Engineering Chemistry” Krishna Prakasan Media (P) Ltd., Meerut (2001).ME2151 ENGINEERING MECHANICS L T P C 3 10 4OBJECTIVEAt the end of this course the student should be able to understand the vectorial and scalarrepresentation of forces and moments, static equilibrium of particles and rigid bodies bothin two dimensions and also in three dimensions. Further, he should understand theprinciple of work and energy. He should be able to comprehend the effect of friction onequilibrium. He should be able to understand the laws of motion, the kinematics of motionand the interrelationship. He should also be able to write the dynamic equilibrium equation.All these should be achieved both conceptually and through solved examples. 13
  • 14. UNIT I BASICS & STATICS OF PARTICLES 12Introduction – Units and Dimensions – Laws of Mechanics – Lame’s theorem,Parallelogram and triangular Law of forces – Vectors – Vectorial representation of forcesand moments – Vector operations: additions, subtraction, dot product, cross product –Coplanar Forces – Resolution and Composition of forces – Equilibrium of a particle –Forces in space – Equilibrium of a particle in space – Equivalent systems of forces –Principle of transmissibility – Single equivalent force.UNIT II EQUILIBRIUM OF RIGID BODIES 12Free body diagram – Types of supports and their reactions – requirements of stableequilibrium – Moments and Couples – Moment of a force about a point and about an axis– Vectorial representation of moments and couples – Scalar components of a moment –Varignon’s theorem – Equilibrium of Rigid bodies in two dimensions – Equilibrium of Rigidbodies in three dimensions – ExamplesUNIT III PROPERTIES OF SURFACES AND SOLIDS 12Determination of Areas and Volumes – First moment of area and the Centroid of sections– Rectangle, circle, triangle from integration – T section, I section, - Angle section, Hollowsection by using standard formula – second and product moments of plane area –Rectangle, triangle, circle from integration – T section, I section, Angle section, Hollowsection by using standard formula – Parallel axis theorem and perpendicular axis theorem– Polar moment of inertia – Principal moments of inertia of plane areas – Principal axes ofinertia – Mass moment of inertia – Derivation of mass moment of inertia for rectangularsection, prism, sphere from first principle – Relation to area moments of inertia.UNIT IV DYNAMICS OF PARTICLES 12Displacements, Velocity and acceleration, their relationship – Relative motion – Curvilinearmotion – Newton’s law – Work Energy Equation of particles – Impulse and Momentum –Impact of elastic bodies.UNIT V FRICTION AND ELEMENTS OF RIGID BODY DYNAMICS 12Frictional force – Laws of Coloumb friction – simple contact friction – Rolling resistance –Belt friction.Translation and Rotation of Rigid Bodies – Velocity and acceleration – General Planemotion. TOTAL: 60 PERIODSTEXT BOOK:1. Beer, F.P and Johnson Jr. E.R. “Vector Mechanics for Engineers”, Vol. 1 Statics and Vol. 2 Dynamics, McGraw-Hill International Edition, (1997).REFERENCES:1. Rajasekaran, S, Sankarasubramanian, G., “Fundamentals of Engineering Mechanics”, Vikas Publishing House Pvt. Ltd., (2000).2. Hibbeller, R.C., “Engineering Mechanics”, Vol. 1 Statics, Vol. 2 Dynamics, Pearson Education Asia Pvt. Ltd., (2000).3. Palanichamy, M.S., Nagam, S., “Engineering Mechanics – Statics & Dynamics”, Tata McGraw-Hill, (2001).4. Irving H. Shames, “Engineering Mechanics – Statics and Dynamics”, IV Edition – Pearson Education Asia Pvt. Ltd., (2003).5. Ashok Gupta, “Interactive Engineering Mechanics – Statics – A Virtual Tutor (CDROM)”, Pearson Education Asia Pvt., Ltd., (2002). 14
  • 15. EE2151 CIRCUIT THEORY LT P C (Common to EEE, EIE and ICE Branches) 3 1 0 4UNIT I BASIC CIRCUITS ANALYSIS 12Ohm’s Law – Kirchoffs laws – DC and AC Circuits – Resistors in series and parallelcircuits – Mesh current and node voltage method of analysis for D.C and A.C. circuits.UNIT II NETWORK REDUCTION AND NETWORK THEOREMS FOR DC AND AC CIRCUITS: 12Network reduction: voltage and current division, source transformation – star deltaconversion.Thevenins and Novton & Theorem – Superposition Theorem – Maximum power transfertheorem – Reciprocity Theorem.UNIT III RESONANCE AND COUPLED CIRCUITS 12Series and paralled resonance – their frequency response – Quality factor and Bandwidth- Self and mutual inductance – Coefficient of coupling – Tuned circuits – Single tunedcircuits.UNIT IV TRANSIENT RESPONSE FOR DC CIRCUITS 12Transient response of RL, RC and RLC Circuits using Laplace transform for DC input andA.C. with sinusoidal input.UNIT V ANALYSING THREE PHASE CIRCUITS 12 Three phase balanced / unbalanced voltage sources – analysis of three phase 3-wire and4-wire circuits with star and delta connected loads, balanced & un balanced – phasordiagram of voltages and currents – power and power factor measurements in three phasecircuits. TOTAL :60 PERIODSTEXT BOOKS:1. William H. Hayt Jr, Jack E. Kemmerly and Steven M. Durbin, “Engineering Circuits th Analysis”,Tata McGraw Hill publishers, 6 edition, New Delhi, (2002).2. Sudhakar A and Shyam Mohan SP, “Circuits and Network Analysis and Synthesis”,Tata McGraw Hill, (2007).REFERENCES:1. Paranjothi SR, “Electric Circuits Analysis,” New Age International Ltd., New Delhi, (1996).2. Joseph A. Edminister, Mahmood Nahri, “Electric circuits”, Schaum’s series, Tata McGraw-Hill, New Delhi (2001).3. Chakrabati A, “Circuits Theory (Analysis and synthesis), Dhanpath Rai & Sons, New Delhi, (1999).4. Charles K. Alexander, Mathew N.O. Sadik, “Fundamentals of Electric Circuits”, Second Edition, McGraw Hill, (2003). 15
  • 16. EC2151 ELECTRIC CIRCUITS AND ELECTRON DEVICES L T P C (For ECE, CSE, IT and Biomedical Engg. Branches) 3 1 0 4UNIT I CIRCUIT ANALYSIS TECHNIQUES 12Kirchoff’s current and voltage laws – series and parallel connection of independentsources – R, L and C – Network Theorems – Thevenin, Superposition, Norton, Maximumpower transfer and duality – Star-delta conversion.UNIT II TRANSIENT RESONANCE IN RLC CIRCUITS 12Basic RL, RC and RLC circuits and their responses to pulse and sinusoidal inputs –frequency response – Parallel and series resonances – Q factor – single tuned and doubletuned circuits.UNIT III SEMICONDUCTOR DIODES 12Review of intrinsic & extrinsic semiconductors – Theory of PN junction diode – Energyband structure – current equation – space charge and diffusion capacitances – effect oftemperature and breakdown mechanism – Zener diode and its characteristics.UNIT IV TRANSISTORS 12Principle of operation of PNP and NPN transistors – study of CE, CB and CCconfigurations and comparison of their characteristics – Breakdown in transistors –operation and comparison of N-Channel and P-Channel JFET – drain current equation –MOSFET – Enhancement and depletion types – structure and operation – comparison ofBJT with MOSFET – thermal effect on MOSFET.UNIT V SPECIAL SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICES (Qualitative Treatment only) 12Tunnel diodes – PIN diode, varactor diode – SCR characteristics and two transistorequivalent model – UJT – Diac and Triac – Laser, CCD, Photodiode, Phototransistor,Photoconductive and Photovoltaic cells – LED, LCD. TOTAL : 60 PERIODSTEXT BOOKS:1. Joseph A. Edminister, Mahmood, Nahri, “Electric Circuits” – Shaum series,Tata McGraw Hill, (2001)2. S. Salivahanan, N. Suresh kumar and A. Vallavanraj, “Electronic Devices and nd Circuits”,Tata McGraw Hill, 2 Edition, (2008). th3. David A. Bell, “Electronic Devices and Circuits”, Oxford University Press, 5 Edition, (2008).REFERENCES:1. Robert T. Paynter, “Introducing Electronics Devices and Circuits”, Pearson Education, th 7 Education, (2006).2. William H. Hayt, J.V. Jack, E. Kemmebly and steven M. Durbin, “Engineering Circuit th Analysis”,Tata McGraw Hill, 6 Edition, 2002.3. J. Millman & Halkins, Satyebranta Jit, “Electronic Devices & Circuits”,Tata McGraw Hill, nd 2 Edition, 2008. 16
  • 17. GE2151 BASIC ELECTRICAL AND ELECTRONICS ENGINEERING L T P C 3 0 0 3 (Common to branches under Civil, Mechanical and Technology faculty)UNIT I ELECTRICAL CIRCUITS & MEASURMENTS 12Ohm’s Law – Kirchoff’s Laws – Steady State Solution of DC Circuits – Introduction to ACCircuits – Waveforms and RMS Value – Power and Power factor – Single Phase andThree Phase Balanced Circuits.Operating Principles of Moving Coil and Moving Iron Instruments (Ammeters andVoltmeters), Dynamometer type Watt meters and Energy meters.UNIT II ELECTRICAL MECHANICS 12Construction, Principle of Operation, Basic Equations and Applications of DC Generators,DC Motors, Single Phase Transformer, single phase induction Motor.UNIT III SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICES AND APPLICATIONS 12Characteristics of PN Junction Diode – Zener Effect – Zener Diode and its Characteristics– Half wave and Full wave Rectifiers – Voltage Regulation.Bipolar Junction Transistor – CB, CE, CC Configurations and Characteristics – ElementaryTreatment of Small Signal Amplifier.UNIT IV DIGITAL ELECTRONICS 12Binary Number System – Logic Gates – Boolean Algebra – Half and Full Adders – Flip-Flops – Registers and Counters – A/D and D/A Conversion (single concepts)UNIT V FUNDAMENTALS OF COMMUNICATION ENGINEERING 12Types of Signals: Analog and Digital Signals – Modulation and Demodulation: Principles ofAmplitude and Frequency Modulations.Communication Systems: Radio, TV, Fax, Microwave, Satellite and Optical Fibre (BlockDiagram Approach only). TOTAL : 60 PERIODSTEXT BOOKS:1. V.N. Mittle “Basic Electrical Engineering”,Tata McGraw Hill Edition, New Delhi, 1990.2. R.S. Sedha, “Applied Electronics” S. Chand & Co., 2006.REFERENCES:1. Muthusubramanian R, Salivahanan S and Muraleedharan K A, “Basic Electrical, Electronics and Computer Engineering”,Tata McGraw Hill, Second Edition, (2006).2. Nagsarkar T K and Sukhija M S, “Basics of Electrical Engineering”, Oxford press (2005).3. Mehta V K, “Principles of Electronics”, S.Chand & Company Ltd, (1994).4. Mahmood Nahvi and Joseph A. Edminister, “Electric Circuits”, Schaum’ Outline Series, McGraw Hill, (2002).5. Premkumar N, “Basic Electrical Engineering”, Anuradha Publishers, (2003). 17
  • 18. GE2152 BASIC CIVIL & MECHANICAL ENGINEERING L T P C (Common to branches under Electrical and I & C Faculty) 4 0 0 4 A – CIVIL ENGINEERINGUNIT I SURVEYING AND CIVIL ENGINEERING MATERIALS 15Surveying: Objects – types – classification – principles – measurements of distances –angles – leveling – determination of areas – illustrative examples.Civil Engineering Materials: Bricks – stones – sand – cement – concrete – steelsections.UNIT II BUILDING COMPONENTS AND STRUCTURES 15Foundations: Types, Bearing capacity – Requirement of good foundations.Superstructure: Brick masonry – stone masonry – beams – columns – lintels – roofing –flooring – plastering – Mechanics – Internal and external forces – stress – strain –elasticity – Types of Bridges and Dams – Basics of Interior Design and Landscaping. TOTAL : 30 PERIODS B – MECHANICAL ENGINEERING UNIT III POWER PLANT ENGINEERING 10Introduction, Classification of Power Plants – Working principle of steam, Gas, Diesel,Hydro-electric and Nuclear Power plants – Merits and Demerits – Pumps and turbines –working principle of Reciprocating pumps (single acting and double acting) – CentrifugalPump.UNIT IV I C ENGINES 10Internal combustion engines as automobile power plant – Working principle of Petrol andDiesel Engines – Four stroke and two stroke cycles – Comparison of four stroke and twostroke engines – Boiler as a power plant.UNIT V REFRIGERATION AND AIR CONDITIONING SYSTEM 10Terminology of Refrigeration and Air Conditioning. Principle of vapour compression andabsorption system – Layout of typical domestic refrigerator – Window and Split type roomAir conditioner. TOTAL: 30 PERIODSREFERENCES:1. Shanmugam G and Palanichamy M S, “Basic Civil and Mechanical Engineering”,Tata McGraw Hill Publishing Co., New Delhi, (1996).2. Ramamrutham. S, “Basic Civil Engineering”, Dhanpat Rai Publishing Co. (P) Ltd. (1999).3. Seetharaman S. “Basic Civil Engineering”, Anuradha Agencies, (2005).4. Venugopal K and Prahu Raja V, “Basic Mechanical Engineering”, Anuradha Publishers, Kumbakonam, (2000).5. Shantha Kumar S R J., “Basic Mechanical Engineering”, Hi-tech Publications, Mayiladuthurai, (2000). 18
  • 19. GE2155 COMPUTER PRACTICE LABORATORY – II L T P C 0 1 2 2 LIST OF EXPERIMENTS1. UNIX COMMANDS 15 Study of Unix OS - Basic Shell Commands - Unix Editor2. SHELL PROGRAMMING 15 Simple Shell program - Conditional Statements - Testing and Loops3. C PROGRAMMING ON UNIX 15 Dynamic Storage Allocation-Pointers-Functions-File Handling TOTAL : 45 PERIODSHARDWARE / SOFTWARE REQUIREMENTS FOR A BATCH OF 30 STUDENTSHardware 1 UNIX Clone Server 33 Nodes (thin client or PCs) Printer – 3 Nos.Software OS – UNIX Clone (33 user license or License free Linux) Compiler - CGS2165 PHYSICS LABORATORY – II L T P C 0 0 3 2 LIST OF EXPERIMENTS 1. Determination of Young’s modulus of the material – non uniform bending. 2. Determination of Band Gap of a semiconductor material. 3. Determination of specific resistance of a given coil of wire – Carey Foster Bridge. 4. Determination of viscosity of liquid – Poiseuille’s method. 5. Spectrometer dispersive power of a prism. 6. Determination of Young’s modulus of the material – uniform bending. 7. Torsional pendulum – Determination of rigidity modulus.  A minimum of FIVE experiments shall be offered.  Laboratory classes on alternate weeks for Physics and Chemistry.  The lab examinations will be held only in the second semester. 19
  • 20. GS2165 CHEMISTRY LABORATORY – II L T P C 0 0 3 2 LIST OF EXPERIMENTS 1. Conduct metric titration (Simple acid base) 2. Conduct metric titration (Mixture of weak and strong acids) 3. Conduct metric titration using BaCl vs Na SO 2 2 4 2+ 4. Potentiometric Titration (Fe / KMnO or K Cr O ) 4 2 2 7 5. PH titration (acid & base) 6. Determination of water of crystallization of a crystalline salt (Copper sulphate) 7. Estimation of Ferric iron by spectrophotometry.  A minimum of FIVE experiments shall be offered.  Laboratory classes on alternate weeks for Physics and Chemistry.  The lab examinations will be held only in the second semester.ME2155 COMPUTER AIDED DRAFTING AND L T P C MODELING LABORATORY 0 1 2 2List of Exercises using software capable of Drafting and Modeling 1. Study of capabilities of software for Drafting and Modeling – Coordinate systems (absolute, relative, polar, etc.) – Creation of simple figures like polygon and general multi-line figures. 2. Drawing of a Title Block with necessary text and projection symbol. 3. Drawing of curves like parabola, spiral, involute using Bspline or cubic spline. 4. Drawing of front view and top view of simple solids like prism, pyramid, cylinder, cone, etc, and dimensioning. 5. Drawing front view, top view and side view of objects from the given pictorial views (eg. V-block, Base of a mixie, Simple stool, Objects with hole and curves). 6. Drawing of a plan of residential building ( Two bed rooms, kitchen, hall, etc.) 7. Drawing of a simple steel truss. 8. Drawing sectional views of prism, pyramid, cylinder, cone, etc, 9. Drawing isometric projection of simple objects. 10. Creation of 3-D models of simple objects and obtaining 2-D multi-view drawings from 3-D model. 20
  • 21. Note: Plotting of drawings must be made for each exercise and attached to therecords written by students.List of Equipments for a batch of 30 students: 1. Pentium IV computer or better hardware, with suitable graphics facility -30 No. 2. Licensed software for Drafting and Modeling. – 30 Licenses 3. Laser Printer or Plotter to print / plot drawings – 2 No.EE2155 ELECTRICAL CIRCUIT LABORATORY L T P C (Common to EEE, EIE and ICE) 0 0 3 2 LIST OF EXPERIMENTS 1. Verification of ohm’s laws and kirchoff’s laws. 2. Verification of Thevemin’s and Norton’s Theorem 3. Verification of superposition Theorem 4. Verification of maximum power transfer theorem. 5. Verification of reciprocity theorem 6. Measurement of self inductance of a coil 7. Verification of mesh and nodal analysis. 8. Transient response of RL and RC circuits for DC input. 9. Frequency response of series and parallel resonance circuits. 10. Frequency response of single tuned coupled circuits. TOTAL: 45 PERIODS EC2155 CIRCUITS AND DEVICES LABORATORY L T P C 0 0 3 2 1. Verification of KVL and KCL 2. Verification of Thevenin and Norton Theorems. 3. Verification of superposition Theorem. 4. Verification of Maximum power transfer and reciprocity theorems. 5. Frequency response of series and parallel resonance circuits. 6. Characteristics of PN and Zener diode 7. Characteristics of CE configuration 8. Characteristics of CB configuration 21
  • 22. 9. Characteristics of UJT and SCR 10. Characteristics of JFET and MOSFET 11. Characteristics of Diac and Triac. 12. Characteristics of Photodiode and Phototransistor. TOTAL : 45 PERIODS ENGLISH LANGUAGE LABORATORY (Optional) L T P C 0 0 2 -1. Listening: 5Listening & answering questions – gap filling – Listening and Note taking- Listening totelephone conversations2. Speaking: 5Pronouncing words & sentences correctly – word stress – Conversation practice.Classroom Session 20 1. Speaking: Introducing oneself, Introducing others, Role play, Debate- Presentations: Body language, gestures, postures. Group Discussions etc 2. Goal setting – interviews – stress time management – situational reasonsEvaluation (1) Lab Session – 40 marks Listening – 10 marks Speaking – 10 marks Reading – 10 marks Writing – 10 marks (2) Classroom Session – 60 marks Role play activities giving real life context – 30 marks Presentation – 30 marks Note on Evaluation 1. Examples for role play situations: a. Marketing engineer convincing a customer to buy his product. b. Telephone conversation – Fixing an official appointment / Enquiry on availability of flight or train tickets / placing an order. etc. 2. Presentations could be just a Minute (JAM activity) or an Extempore on simple topics or visuals could be provided and students could be asked to talk about it. 22
  • 23. REFERENCES:1. Hartley, Peter, Group Communication, London: Routledge, (2004).2. Doff, Adrian and Christopher Jones, Language in Use – (Intermediate level), Cambridge University Press, (1994).3. Gammidge, Mick, Speaking Extra – A resource book of multi-level skills activities , Cambridge University Press, (2004).4. Craven, Miles, Listening Extra - A resource book of multi-level skills activities, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, (2004).5. Naterop, Jean & Rod Revell, Telephoning in English, Cambridge University Press, (1987).LAB REQUIREMENTS 1. Teacher – Console and systems for students 2. English Language Lab Software 3. Tape Recorders.MA2211 TRANSFORMS AND PARTIAL DIFFERENTIAL EQUATIONS LTPC (Common to all branches) 3104OBJECTIVESThe course objective is to develop the skills of the students in the areas of Transforms andPartial Differential Equations. This will be necessary for their effective studies in a largenumber of engineering subjects like heat conduction, communication systems, electro-optics and electromagnetic theory. The course will also serve as a prerequisite for postgraduate and specialized studies and research.UNIT I FOURIER SERIES 9+3Dirichlet’s conditions – General Fourier series – Odd and even functions – Half range sineseries – Half range cosine series – Complex form of Fourier Series – Parseval’s identify –Harmonic Analysis.UNIT II FOURIER TRANSFORMS 9+3Fourier integral theorem (without proof) – Fourier transform pair – Sine andCosine transforms – Properties – Transforms of simple functions – Convolution theorem –Parseval’s identity.UNIT III PARTIAL DIFFERENTIAL EQUATIONS 9+3Formation of partial differential equations – Lagrange’s linear equation – Solutions ofstandard types of first order partial differential equations - Linear partial differentialequations of second and higher order with constant coefficients. 23
  • 24. UNIT IV APPLICATIONS OF PARTIAL DIFFERENTIAL EQUATIONS 9+3Solutions of one dimensional wave equation – One dimensional equation of heatconduction – Steady state solution of two-dimensional equation of heat conduction(Insulated edges excluded) – Fourier series solutions in cartesian coordinates.UNIT V Z -TRANSFORMS AND DIFFERENCE EQUATIONS 9+3Z-transforms - Elementary properties – Inverse Z-transform – Convolution theorem -Formation of difference equations – Solution of difference equations using Z-transform. LECTURES: 45 TUTORIALS : 15, TOTAL : 60 PERIODSTEXT BOOK: 1. Grewal, B.S, “Higher Engineering Mathematic”, 40th Edition, Khanna publishers, Delhi, (2007)REFERENCES:1. Bali.N.P and Manish Goyal, “A Textbook of Engineering Mathematic”, 7th Edition, Laxmi Publications(P) Ltd. (2007)2. Ramana.B.V., “Higher Engineering Mathematics”, Tata Mc-GrawHill Publishing Company limited, New Delhi (2007).3. Glyn James, “Advanced Modern Engineering Mathematics”, 3rd Edition, Pearson Education (2007).4. Erwin Kreyszig, “Advanced Engineering Mathematics”, 8th edition, Wiley India (2007)BM 2201 MEDICAL PHYSICS LTPC 30 03AIMTo get the complete understanding of radioactivity and medical applications of variousradio isotopesOBJECTIVESTo Study the effects of sound and light in Human bodyTo study the effects of radiation in matter and how isotopes are clinically used.UNIT I 10Electromagnetic spectrum and its medical applicationLight - Physics of light, Intensity of light, limits of Vision and color vision Sound - Physicsof sound , Normal sound levels – Ultrasound fundamentals- Generation of ultrasound (Ultrasound Transducer) – Interaction of Ultrasound with Materials-Reflection andRefraction – Absorption and Scattering Non- ionizing Electromagnetic RadiationTissue as a leaky dielectric – Relaxation Processes – Overview of non – ionizingradiation effects -Low Frequency Effect – Higher frequency effect. 24
  • 25. UNIT II 10Radioactive Decay – Spontaneous Emission – Isometric Transition - Gamma rayemission, alpha, beta, positron decay, electron capture Principles of Nuclear Physics –Natural radioactivity, Decay series, Half life period, type of radiation and their applications.Production of radionuclides – Cyclotron produced Radionuclide - Reactor producedRadionuclide – fission and electron Capture reaction, Radionuclide Generator – MilkingProcess - Linear accelerator , Radionuclide used in Medicine and technology.UNIT III INTERACTION OF RADIATION WITH MATTER 8Interaction of charged particles with matter – Specific ionization , linear energy TransferRange, Bremsstrahlung , Annihilation Interaction of Gamma radiations with matter –Photoelectric effect, Compton Scattering , pair Production, Attenuation of GammaRadiation, Interaction of neuron with matterUNIT IV PHYSICS OF CARDIOPULMONARY SYSTEM 9The Airways, - blood and lung interaction – measurement of lung volume – pressure airflow volume relation ships of lungs – physics of alveoli – the breathing mechanism – Majorcomponents of cardiovascular system – O2 and CO2 exchange in the capillary system –Physical activity of heart – transmural pressure – Bernolli’s principles applied tocardiovascular system - Blood flow – laminar and turbulentUNIT V RADIATION EFFECTS 8Acute Radiation Effects - The concept of LD 50 – Radiation syndromes- Centralnervous system syndrome - Gastro-intestinal syndrome –Bone Marrow syndromeDelayed Effects of Radiation - Stochastic and Deterministic effects – Late Deterministiceffect in different organs and tissues. TOTAL : 45 PERIODSTEXT BOOKS:1. B.H Brown , PV Law ford, R H Small wood , D R Hose , D C Barber , “Medical Physics and Biomedical Engineering”, CRC Press, 1999.2. Gopal B.Saha “Physics and Radiobiology of Nuclear Medicine” Springer, 3rd ed, 2006REFERENCES:1. John R. Cameron and James G. Skofronick, “Medical Physics”, John–Wiley & Sons, 978.2. RF Farr and PJ Allisy –Roberts, “Physics for Medical Imaging” Saunders, 1997.3. P.Uma Devi, A. Nagarathnam, B S Satish Rao, “Introduction to Radiation Biology” B.I .Churchill Livingstone pvt ltd, 2000.4. S.Webb, “The Physics of Medical Imaging”, Taylor and Francis, 1988.BM 2202 SIGNALS AND SYSTEMS LTPC 310 4AIMTo study and analyse characteristics of continuous, discrete signals and systemsOBJECTIVE  To study the properties and representation of discrete and continuous signals  To study the properties and representation of discrete and continuous systems 25
  • 26.  To study the signals in time domain and frequency domain using Fourier  To study the sampling process and analysis of signals and systems using Laplace and Z-transforms.  To study the analysis and synthesis of systems.UNIT I CLASSIFICATION OF SIGNALS AND SYSTEMS 9Classification of signals – Continuous-time signal and discrete-time signals – periodic andaperiodic signals – even and odd signals – energy and power signals – deterministic andrandom signal. Basic operations on signals – arithmetic operations – reflections – timeshifting – time scaling. Types of signals – exponential, sinusoidal, step, impulse and ramp.System - impulse response of the system. Classification of systems – stable – memory –invertible – time invariant – linear – causal. Convolution integrals and its properties.Sampling theorem.UNIT II FOURIER SERIES AND FOURIER TRANSFORM 9Continuous-time Fourier series (CTFS) – Exponential and trigonometric representation ofCTFS. Dirichlet condition. Properties of CTFS – linearity, time-shifting, time-reversal, time-scaling, multiplication, Parseval’s relation – differentiation – integration. Continuous-timeFourier transform (CTFT) – properties of CTFT – linearity, time shifting, time-reversal,time-scaling, multiplication, convolution, Parseval’s relation – differentiation in time andfrequency domains– integration. Application to systems - solution to differential equationusing CTFT.Discrete-time Fourier series (DTFS) and Discrete-time Fourier transform (DTFT) –properties – linearity, time-shifting, time-reversal, time-scaling, multiplication, Parseval’srelation – difference – accumulation. Application to systems - solution to differenceequation using DTFT.UNIT III LAPLACE TRANSFORM 9Unilateral and bilateral Laplace transform (LT) – region of convergence (ROC) - propertiesof LT – linearity, time-shifting, time-reversal, time-scaling, multiplication, convolution,Parseval’s relation – differentiation in time and frequency domain – integration – initialvalue and final value theorem – inversion of LT – solution to differential equation using LT– analysis of passive network using LT.UNIT IV DISCRETE FOURIER TRANSFORM (DFT) AND FAST FOURIER TRANSFORM (FFT) 9Discrete Fourier transform – properties of DFT – linearity, circular-shifting in time andfrequency domains, time-reversal, time-scaling, circular correlation, multiplication,convolution, parseval’s relation – circular convolution – circle method, matrix method –sectional convolution – overlap-add method and overlap-save method – radix-2 fastFourier algorithm – decimation-in-time FFT – decimation-in-frequency FFT – inverse FFT.UNIT V Z-TRANFORM AND STATE MATRIX 9Z-transform (ZT) – region of convergence (ROC) - properties of ZT – linearity, time-shifting, time-reversal, time-scaling, multiplication, convolution, parseval’s relation –differentiation in time and frequency domain – integration – initial value and final valuetheorem – inversion of ZT – power series method, partial-fraction method, residual method- solution to difference equation using ZT.State variable description for LTI system – determination of transfer function from statemodel – discrete-time model. 26
  • 27. TEXT BOOK1. Allan V. Oppenhein et al, “Signals and Systems”, Pearson Education, 2007REFERENCES:1. Simon Haykin and Barry Van Veen, “Signals and Systems”, John Willey, 19992. Roger E. Zeimer et al, “Signals and Systems”, McMillan, 2nd Edition, 1999.3. Douglas K. Linder, ““Signals and Systems”, McGraw-Hill, 2nd Edition, 1999.BM 2203 SENSORS AND MEASUREMENTS l LT PC 31 0 4UNIT I SCIENCE OF MEASUREMENT 7Measurement System – Instrumentation – Classification and Characteristics ofTransducers – Static and Dynamic – Errors in Measurements – Calibration – Primary andsecondary standards.UNIT II DISPLACEMENT, PRESSURE,TEMPERATURE SENSORS 11Strain Gauge: Gauge factor, sensing elements, configuration, unbounded strain gage,biomedical applications; strain gauge as displacement & pressure transducers: forcesumming devices, capacitive transducer, inductive transducer, LVDT,Passive types: RTD materials & range, relative resistance vs. temperature characteristics,thermistor characteristics, biomedical applications of Temperature sensors. Active type:Thermocouple – characteristicsUNIT III PHOTOELECTRIC AND PIEZO ELECTRIC SENSORS 9Phototube, Photo Multiplier Tube (PMT), photovoltaic, photoconductive cells, photodiodes, phototransistor, comparison of photoelectric transducers, spectro-photometricapplications of photo electric transducers. Piezoelectric active transducer and biomedicalapplications as pressure & Ultrasound transducer.UNIT IV SIGNAL CONDITIONING & SIGNAL ANALYSER 9AC and DC Bridges –wheat stone bridge, Kelvin, Maxwell, Hay, Schering -Pre-amplifier –impedance matching circuits – isolation amplifier. Spectrum analyzer.UNIT V DISPLAY AND RECORDING DEVICES 9Digital voltmeter – Multi meter – CRO – block diagram, CRT – vertical & horizontaldeflection system, DSO, LCD monitor, PMMC writing systems, servo recorders,photographic recorder, magnetic tape recorder, X–Y recorder, thermal recorder. TOTAL : 45 PERIODTEXT BOOKS:1. Principles of Applied Biomedical Instrumentation L.A Geddas and L.E.Baker – John Wiley and sons. 27
  • 28. 2. Albert D.Helfrick and William D. Cooper. Modern Electronic Instrumentation and Measurement Techniques”, Prentice Hall of India, 2007.REFERENCES:1. Ernest o Doebelin and dhanesh N manik, Measuremet systems, Application and design ,5th edition ,McGraw-Hill, 2007.2. Khandpur R.S, “Handbook of Biomedical Instrumentation”, Tata McGraw-Hill, New Delhi, 2007.3. Leslie Cromwell, “Biomedical Instrumentation and measurement”, Prentice hall of India, New Delhi, 2007.4. John G. Webster, “Medical Instrumentation Application and Design”, John Wiley and sons, New York, 2004BM 2204 ELECTRONIC CIRCUITS LT PC 31 0 4AIMThe aim of this course is to familiarize the student with analysis and design of basictransistor amplifier circuits, signal generator circuits and power suppliesOBJECTIVES: On completion of this course, the student will understand  The methods of biasing transistors,  Design the simple amplifier circuits, and design of signal generation circuits,  Advantages and analysis of feed back,  Design of Power supplies.UNIT I DIODE APPLICATIONS AND TRANSISTOR BIASING 9Rectifiers – HWR, FWR, Bridge rectifier with and without capacitor and pie filter. Clipper-clampers – voltage multiplier circuits - Operating point of the bi-polar junction transistor –Fixed bias circuit – Transistor on saturation – Emitter stabilized Bias Circuit – Voltagedivider bias – Transistors switching network – Trouble shooting the Transistor (In circuittesting)- practical applications. Biasing the FET transistors - CMOS devices – MOSFEThandling.UNIT II SMALL SIGNAL AMPLIFIERS 9Two port network, h-parameter model – small signal analysis of BJT (CE and CCconfigurations only) –– high frequency model of BJT – (CE configuration only) - smallsignal analysis of JFET (CS configuration only) - Frequency response of BJT and FET.UNIT III FEEDBACK AMPLIFIER AND OSCILLATORS 9Basic of feedback system (block diagram approach) – Types of feedback amplifier – Basicprinciples of oscillator. Audio oscillators – RC phase shift and wein bridge oscillator. RFoscillators – Heartly and Collpit oscillator – Crystal oscillator,Multivibrators. 28
  • 29. UNIT IV POWER AMPLIFIERS 9Definition – Types of power amplifiers – Class A (series fed – transformer coupled )- ClassB amplifier – Class-B push-pull amplifier – Complimentary symmetry type - Class-Camplifier – Heat sinking .UNIT V VOLTAGE REGULATIONS 9Shunt voltage regulator – Series voltage regulator – current limiting – feedback technique– SMPS (Block diagram approach) – DC to DC converter - Three terminal IC regulators(78XX and 79XX).TEXT BOOK:1. Robert L. Boylestad, Louis Nashelsky , Electronic Devices and circuit Theory , Prentice Hall of India , 2004.REFERENCES:1. David A. Bell , Electronic Devices And Circuits 4 th Edition Prentice Hall of India, 2003.2. Millman Haykins, Electronic Devices And Circuits,2nd Edition Tata MC Graw Hill,2007.BM 2205 BIOCHEMISTRY LTPC 300 3AIM  To study the biochemical reactions and the various methods to analyze them.OBJECTIVE:  To give a clear understanding of important biomolecules and their functions.  To analyze the metabolic pathways in normal and diseased state.  To help in devising analytical & diagnostic tools.UNIT I 6Introduction to biochemistry – Biomolecules, structure of water & its importance –Important noncovalent forces – Hydrogen bonds, electrostatic, hydrophobic & vanderwaalsforces – Acid, base & buffers – pH, Henderson Hasselbalch equation. Biological buffersand their significance – Principle of viscosity – surface tension , adsorption, diffusion,osmosis & their applications in biological systems.UNIT II 9Classification, structure & properties of carbohydrates – mono, di , oligo &polysaccharides. Classification, structure & properties of amino acids & proteins.Classification, structure & properties of Lipids – Simple lipids , Phospholipids , glycolipids& steroids . Transport of lipids: Lipoproteins Structure & functions of nucleic acids –Nucleosides , nucleotides – Cyclic AMP , cyclic GMP , ATP , GTP – DNA & RNAUNIT III 12Classification of Enzymes, Chemical nature, Active Site, Specificity of Enzyme catalyzedreactions, Regulation : Feedback , Allosteric , Covalent modification , Hormonal regulation,co-enzymes. Assay of enzymes, enzymes in clinical diagnosis of diseases. Introduction toMetabolism: Carbohydrate metabolism, Glycolysis 29
  • 30. Lipid metabolism : fatty acid, beta oxidation , ketogenesis and cholesterol metabolism.TCA cycle : Structure of biological membranes, electron transport & Oxidativephosphorylation.UNIT IV 9Liver function and liver function tests, Kidney function and kidney function tests , normal &abnormal constituents of urine and their clinical significance. General characteristics ofhormones. Structure , functions & disorders of thyroid , parathyroid , pituitary ,adrenal andpancreatic hormones. Hormones as chemical messengers: General assay of hormones –Bio assay , chemical assay & immuno assays.UNIT V 9Analytical techniques: Principle and applications of electrophoresis – PAGE , SDS PAGE ,Isoelectric focusing , Two Dimensional Electrophoresis. Chromatography: Principle ofadsorption & partition chromatography, Size exclusion , Ion exchange & affinitychromatography. Spectro photometry, fluorimetry, flame photometry, manometry ,microcalorimetry , electrochemical methods, biosensors , automation in clinical laboratory ,use of radio isotopes in biochemistry. TOTAL : 45 PERIODSTEXT BOOKS:1. Harper’s review of biochemistry By David. W. Martin, Peter. A. Mayes , Victor. W. Rodwell . LANGE medical publications, 2003.2. Practical Biochemistry – Principles & Techniques,Keith Wilson & John Walker. Oxford university press.REFERENCE S:1. Understanding Enzymes By Trevor palmer. Published by Ellis Horwood LTD.2. Biochemistry Lippincott’s Illustrated Reviews By Pamela.C.Champe & Richard. A.Harvey. Lippincott-Raven publishers, 3rd edition, 2006.BM 2206 ANATOMY AND HUMAN PHYSIOLOGY LTPC 300 3AIMTo provide the students the exposure to the fundamentals in human anatomy andphysiology.UNIT I STUDY OF CELLULAR SYSTEM 8Cell: Structure and organelles - Functions of each component in the cell. Cell membrane –transport across membrane – origin of cell membrane potential (Nernst and Goldman andKatz equations) – Action potential.UNIT II HEMATOLOGICAL SYSTEM 9Blood composition - functions of blood – functions of RBC. WBC types and their functions.Blood groups –importance of blood groups –identification of blood groups. blood flow 30
  • 31. factors regulating blood flow such as viscosity, radius , density etc (Fahreus lindqvisteffect, Poiseuille’s Law )UNIT III RENAL AND RESPIRATORY SYSTEM 9Structure of Kidney and nephron. Mechanism of Urine formation and acid base regulation.Dialysis. Components in of respiratory system. Oxygen and carbon dioxide transport andacid base regulation.UNIT IV CARDIAC SYSTEM 9Structure of heart – Properties of Cardiac muscle – Cardiac muscle and pacemakerpotential - Cardiac cycle – ECG - Heart sound - volume and pressure changes andregulation of heart rate.UNIT V SENSORY SYSTEM 10Structure of a Neuron. Synaptic conduction. Conduction of action potential in neuron Partsof brain cortical localization of functions.. EEG. Simple reflexes , withdrawal reflexes.Autonomic nervous system and its functions,Structure of eye ,ear and auditory and visualpathways.TEXT BOOK:1. Essential of human Anatomy and Physiology, Elaine.N. Marieb Eight edition, Pearson Education New Delhi ,2007.REFERENCES:1. Review of Medical Physiology,22nd edition,William F.Ganong Mc Graw Hill New Delhi,2. Text book of Physiology, Prof. A.K. Jain, Third edition volume I and II Avichal Publishing company, New DelhiBM 2208 BIOCHEMISTRY AND HUMAN PHYSIOLOGY LAB LT PC 0 0 4 2 1. General tests for carbohydrates, proteins and lipids. 2. Preparation of serum and plasma from blood. 3. Estimation of blood glucose. 4. Estimation of serum cholesterol. 5. Assay of SGOT/SGPT. 6. Estimation of creatinine in urine. 7. Electrophoresis of serum proteins. 8. Separation of amino acids using thin layer chromatography. 9. ESR , PCV , MCH, MCV, MCHC, total count of RBCs and Hemoglobin estimation 10. Differential count of different WBCs and Blood group identification 31
  • 32. 11. Ishihara chart for color blindness and Snellen’s chart for myopia and hyperopia – by letters reading and opthalmoscope to view retina. 12. Weber’s and Rinnee’s test for auditory conduction. TOTAL: 60 PERIODS LAB EQUIPMENTS 1) Test tube, microscope (Binocular), colorimeter 2) Centrifuge, Test tubes, anticoagulant 3) Blood Glucose kit 4) Cholesterol kit 5) SGOT/SGPT kit 6) Creatinine kit 7) Electrophoresis apparatus 8) Glass tanks, thin layer chromatography 9) ESR glan tube wintrobe PCV tube(Haematocrit tube) , sahli’s Haemo globinometer, Microscope, Haemocytometer(Mirror coated) 10) Differential count Leishman stain(readymade),Blood group antigen ,microscope slides. 11) Ishihara chart, Snellen’s chart, Opthalmoscope 12) Weber’s and Rinnee’s test.BM 2209 ELECTRONIC CIRCUITS LAB LTPC 0 032 1. Rectifiers – HWR and FWR (with & without capacitor filter) 2. Zener diode as regulator 3. Study of biasing circuits a. i). Fixed bias, ii). Self bias, iii). collector to base bias 4. FET amplifier 5. Differential amp – CMRR and determination of Gain 6. Design of RC coupled amplifier 7. Design of Voltage series feedback amplifier 8. Design of Class A and Class B amplifier 9. Design of RC phase shift oscillator 10. Design of Hartely Oscillator 11. Design of Colpit oscillator 12. Study of pulse shaping circuits i). Astable Multivibrator ii). Monostable Multivibrator TOTAL: 45 PERIODS (Common to Electronic and Communication Engineering & Bio Medical Engg.)LIST OF EQUIPMENTS AND COMPONENTS FOR A BATCH OF 30 STUDENTS(3 per Batch) 32
  • 33. S.No Name of the Equipments / Components Quantity Remarks Required1 Variable DC Power Supply 10 (0-30V)2 Fixed Power Supply 5 + / - 12V3 CRO 10 30MHz4 Multimeter 10 Digital5 Function Generator 5 1 MHz6 Digital LCR Meter 1Consumables (Minimum of 25 Nos. each)7 BC107, BF195, 2N2222, BC147, BFW10, SL1008 IC 555, LEDs9 Resistors 1/4 Watt Assorted10 Capacitors11 Inductors12 Bread Boards13 Transformer Diodes, Zener DiodesMA2261 PROBABILITY AND RANDOM PROCESSES LTPC (Common to ECE & Bio Medical Engineering) 3 1 04AIMThis course aims at providing the necessary basic concepts in random processes.Knowledge of fundamentals and applications of random phenomena will greatly help in theunderstanding of topics such as signals & systems, pattern recognition, voice and imageprocessing and filtering theory.OBJECTIVESAt the end of the course, the students would Have a fundamental knowledge of the basic probability concepts. Have a well-founded knowledge of standard distributions which can describe real life phenomena. Acquire skills in handling situations involving more than one random variable and functions of random variables. Understand and characterize phenomena which evolve with respect to time in probabilistic manner. Be able to analyze the response of random inputs to linear time invariant systems.UNIT I RANDOM VARIABLES 9+3Discrete and continuous random variables – Moments - Moment generating functions andtheir properties. Binomial, Poisson ,Geometric, Uniform, Exponential, Gamma and normaldistributions – Function of Random Variable.UNIT II TWO DIMENSIONAL RANDOM VARIBLES 9+3 33
  • 34. Joint distributions - Marginal and conditional distributions – Covariance - Correlation andRegression - Transformation of random variables - Central limit theorem (for iid randomvariables)UNIT III CLASSIFICATION OF RANDOM PROCESSES 9+3Definition and examples - first order, second order, strictly stationary, wide-sensestationary and ergodic processes - Markov process - Binomial, Poisson and Normalprocesses - Sine wave process – Random telegraph process.UNIT IV CORRELATION AND SPECTRAL DENSITIES 9+3Auto correlation - Cross correlation - Properties – Power spectral density – Cross spectraldensity - Properties – Wiener-Khintchine relation – Relationship between cross powerspectrum and cross correlation functionUNIT V LINEAR SYSTEMS WITH RANDOM INPUTS 9+3Linear time invariant system - System transfer function – Linear systems with randominputs – Auto correlation and cross correlation functions of input and output – white noise. LECTURES: 45 TUTORIAL: 15 TOTAL: 60TEXT BOOKS1. Oliver C. Ibe, “Fundamentals of Applied probability and Random processes”, Elsevier, First Indian Reprint ( 2007) (For units 1 and 2)2. Peebles Jr. P.Z., “Probability Random Variables and Random Signal Principles”, Tata McGraw-Hill Publishers, Fourth Edition, New Delhi, 2002. (For units 3,4 and 5)REFERENCES1. Miller,S.L and Childers, S.L, “Probability and Random Processes with applications to Signal Processing and Communications”, Elsevier Inc., First Indian Reprint 2007.2. H. Stark and J.W. Woods, “Probability and Random Processes with Applications to Signal Processing”, Pearson Education (Asia), 3rd Edition, 2002.3. Hwei Hsu, “Schaum’s Outline of Theory and Problems of Probability, Random Variables and Random Processes”, Tata McGraw-Hill edition, New Delhi, 2004.4. Leon-Garcia,A, “Probability and Random Processes for Electrical Engineering”, Pearson Education Asia, Second Edition, 2007.5. Yates and D.J. Goodman, “Probability and Stochastic Processes”, John Wiley and Sons, Second edition, 2005.BM 2251 BIOMEDICAL INSTRUMENTATION LTPC 3 003UNIT I BIO POTENTIAL ELECTRODES 9Origin of bio potential and its propagation. Electrode-electrolyte interface, electrode–skininterface, half cell potential, impedance, polarization effects of electrode – nonpolarizable 34
  • 35. electrodes. Types of electrodes - surface, needle and micro electrodes and theirequivalent circuits. Recording problems - measurement with two electrodes.UNIT II ELECTRODE CONFIGURATIONS 9Biosignals characteristics – frequency and amplitude ranges. ECG – Einthoven’s triangle,standard 12 lead system. EEG – 10-20 electrode system, unipolar, bipolar and averagemode. EMG, ERG and EOG – unipolar and bipolar mode.UNIT III BIO AMPLIFIER 8Need for bio-amplifier - single ended bio-amplifier, differential bio-amplifier – right legdriven ECG amplifier. Band pass filtering, isolation amplifiers – transformer and opticalisolation - isolated DC amplifier and AC carrier amplifier. Chopper amplifier. Power lineinterference.UNIT IV MEASUREMENT OF NON-ELECTRICAL PARAMETER 10Temperature, respiration rate and pulse rate measurements. Blood Pressure: indirectmethods - auscultatory method, oscillometric method, direct methods: electronicmanometer, Pressure amplifiers - systolic, diastolic, mean detector circuit.Blood flow and cardiac output measurement: Indicator dilution, thermal dilution and dyedilution method, Electromagnetic and ultrasound blood flow measurement.UNIT V BIO-CHEMICAL MEASUREMENT 9Biochemical sensors - pH, pO2 and pCo2, Ion selective Field effect Transistor (ISFET),Immunologically sensitive FET (IMFET), Blood glucose sensors - Blood gas analyzers,colorimeter, flame photometer, spectrophotometer, blood cell counter, auto analyzer(simplified schematic description). TOTTEXT BOOKS:1. Joseph J. Carr and John M. Brown, “Introduction to Biomedical Equipment Technology”, Pearson Education, 2004.2. John G. Webster, “Medical Instrumentation Application and Design”, John Wiley and sons, New York, 2004REFERENCE1. Leslie Cromwell, “Biomedical Instrumentation and measurement”, Prentice hall of India, New Delhi, 2007.2. Khandpur R.S, “Handbook of Biomedical Instrumentation”, Tata McGraw-Hill, New Delhi, 2003.3. Standard Handbook of Biomedical Engineering & Design – Myer Kutz, McGraw-Hill Publisher, 2003.BM2253 BASICS OF ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING LTPC 3 003AIMTo make the students understand the basics of electricity generation and utilization. 35
  • 36. OBJECTIVES To study the magnetic circuits To study the principle and application of transformers To study the principle of operation of DC motors To study the principle and operation of AC machines To study the principle of fractional-kW motors and their applications.UNIT I MAGNETIC CIRCUIT 9Magnetic effects of electric current, Magnetic circuits, Magnetic materials and B-Hrelationship, Electromagnetic induction and force, Hysteresis and eddy current losses.UNIT II DCMOTORS 9Parts of DC motors, types of motors, principle of operation of DC motors, Back EMF,circuit model, power balance, calculation of torque and speed, armature and field control,DC motor starting, calculation of efficiency.UNIT III TRANSFORMERS 9Methods of generation of AC voltages, role of transformers in the distribution of electricity,Construction and principle of operation of single phase transformers, Ideal transformer,voltage and current relationships, impedance transformation, definition of voltageregulation, Losses in the transformer, calculation of efficiency of transformer, constructionand voltage ratio aspects of single phase autotransformer, construction and voltage ratioaspects three phase transformer.UNIT IV AC MACHINES 9Synchronous machines, construction, principle of operation, phasor diagram , voltageequation, Open circuit and short circuit characteristics, voltage regulation, induction motor,construction, circuit model, torque slip characteristics, starting , speed control-slip control ,frequency controlUNIT V FRACTIONAL -KW MOTORS 9Single phase induction motor, principle of operation, torque-speed characteristics, two-phase motors, split phase motor, universal motor, two value capacitance motor, steppermotors - variable reluctance stepper motor-single stack and multistack-permanent magnetstepper motor- drive concepts-unipolar drive circuit, bipolar drive circuit-calculation TOTAL : 45 PERIODSTEXT BOOKS:1. D P Kothari and I J Nagrath, “Basic Electrical Engineering”, TMH, 2ed, 2007.2. P. C Sen, “Principles of Electric machines and power electronics”, John-Wiley & Sons, 2ed, 2007.REFERENCE:1. Muhammad Rashid, “Power electronics circuit, devices and applications”, Prentice–Hall of India, 3rd ed, 2004.BM2254 ANALOG AND DIGITAL ICs LTPC 3 10 4AIM:To understand the functions of various analog and digital IC and their applications 36
  • 37. OBJECTIVESo To acquire the knowledge about the characteristics and operation of various analog ICso To study the application of analog ICs in the designing circuit.o To study the applications of these Digital ICs.o To understand the basic of the Digital systems.o To study the design of the various functional circuits using these ICs.UNIT I OPERATIONAL AMPLIFIERS 9The characteristics of Ideal Operation – slew rate, offset voltage, bias current, CMRR,bandwidth - equivalent circuit of an op-Amp – virtual ground concept – Linear applicationsof op-amp – inverting and noninverting amplifier, summing, subtracting, averagingamplifier - voltage to current converter – current to voltage converter – Differentialamplifiers – differentiator and integrator. Nonlinear applications – comparator - SchmittTriggers – Precision Diode Half wave and full wave rectifiers – Average detectors – peakdetectorUNIT II ACTIVE FILTERS AND SIGNAL GENERATOR 9Active filters (first and second order) – Low pass, high pass, band pass filters, band rejectfilters (notch filters). Oscillators - RC Phase shift and Wein-bridge. Waveform generators -Square, triangular and saw tooth.UNIT III TIMER, PLL, A/D AND D/A CONVERTERS 9555 Timer (internal diagram) and its applications – monostable multivibrator, astablemultivibrator. Phase locked Loop (565 - block diagram approach) and its applications -Frequency multiplication, Frequency translation, voltage to frequency and frequency tovoltage converters. DAC – Binary weighted DAC and R-2R DAC. ADC – single slope anddual slope ADCs, successive approximation ADCUNIT IV NUMBER SYSTEMS AND LOGIC GATES 9Decimal, Binary, Octal and Hexadecimal Numbers.-Conversion between these numbersystems.- Complements r’s and (r-1)’s complements.- subtraction using complements –Encoding numbers and characters using Binary digits. –Binary coded Decimal –Gray code- Binary to Gray code conversion –ASCII Code. Logic gates – Truth tables – NOT, AND,OR, NOR, NAND, XOR, XNOR - Boolean Laws and theorems – Solving Booleanexpressions, Truth Tables and Logic circuits – The Karnaugh Map – half adder, full adder,Multiplexers and Demultiplexers - Decoders and encoders. Coding of CombinationCircuits in verilog.UNIT V REGISTERS AND COUNTERS 9Flip Flops – RS, D, T, JK Flip Flops – Characteristic equations, exciting tables – JK Master– Slave flip-flop – Universal shift register. Design of modulo-N counters – counter designusing state diagram. sequential circuit design with verilog. TOTAL: 45 PERIODSTEXT BOOKS:1. Ramakant A. Gayakwad , “Op-AMP and Linear Ics, Prince Hall, 19942. M. Morris Mano , “Digital Logic and Computer design “ Prentice Hall 1994.REFERENCES:1. Robert B.Northrop, “Analysis and Application of Analog Electronic Circuits to Biomedical Instrumentation, CRC Press, 2004. 37
  • 38. 2. Sergio Franco, DESIGN with Operational Amplifiers and analog Integrated circuits, McGraw-Hills3. Millman , J. Halkis.C.C “Integrated Electronics”.McGraw Hill , 1972.4. John. F. Wakerly, “Digital design principles and practices”, Pearson Education,Fourth Edition, 2007 .5. Charles H. Roth, Jr, “Fundamentals of Logic Design”, Fourth edition, Jaico Books, 2002BM 2252 PATHOLOGY AND MICROBIOLOGY LTPC 3 00 3UNIT I: 9Cell Degeneration, repair and neoplasia-Cell injury and Necrosis, Apoptosis,Intracellular accumulations, Pathological calcification, cellular adaptations of growth anddifferentiation, Inflammation and Repair including fracture healing, Neoplasia,Classification, Benign and Malignant tumours, carcinogenesis, spread of tumours.UNIT II: 9Fluid and hemodynamic derangements, - edema, normal hypostasis, thrombosis,disseminated intravascular coagulation, embolism, infarction, shock.Hematological disorders-Bleeding disorders, Leukaemias, Lymphomas.UNIT III : 9General Structural Organisation of bacterial and viral cell- growth and identification ofbacteria, observation of culture.Microscopy: Light microscopy, dark field microscopy, phase contrast microscopy,fluorescence and electron microscopy.UNIT IV: 9Genetic disorders, Infection and Immunity-Mutations, Autosomal and X linkeddisorders, Mendelian disorders, types of immune response, hypersensitivity disorders,Immune deficiency syndrome, Viral disease, Chlamydial ,Bacterial, Mycoplasma,Rickettsial, Fungal, protozoal and helminthic disease.UNIT V: 9Identification of disease producing organisms, simple stain, Gram stain, AFB stain,Fluorescent techniques, antigen-antibody techniques.TEXT BOOKS:1. Ramzi S Cotran, Vinay Kumar & Stanley L Robbins: Pathologic Basis of diseases. WB Saunders Co. 7th edn-2005.2. Harsh Mohan: Text book of Pathology. Jaypee publishers. 4th edn. 2000.REFERENCE:1. Underwood JCE: General and Systematic Pathology Churchill Livingstone 3edn.2000.MICROBIOLOGYTEXT BOOK1. Ananthanarayanan R& Panicker CKJ:Textbook of Microbiology. Orient Longmans.7th 38
  • 39. ed.2006.2..Dubey RC and Maheswari DK.A textbook of Microbiology. S Chand,2007.REFERENCES:1. Prescott,Harley,Klein.Microbiology.Mc Graw Hill 5th ed. 2002.2. Manual of Microbiology tools and techniques. Kanika Sharma. Ane’s student edition.2007. 39
  • 40. BM 2255 ANALOG AND DIGITAL COMMUNICATION LT PC 3 00 3UNIT I ANALOG MODULATION 9Amplitude Modulation – AM, DSBSC, SSBSC, VSB – PSD, modulators and demodulators– Angle modulation – PM and FM – PSD, modulators and demodulators –Superheterodyne receiversUNIT II PULSE MODULATION 9Low pass sampling theorem – Quantisation - PAM – Line coding - PCM, DPCM, DM,ADPCM and ADM, Channel Vocoder,– Time Division Multiplexing, frequency DivisionMultiplexingUNIT III DIGITAL MODULATION AND TRANSMISSION 9Phase shift keying – BPSK, DPSK, QPSK - Principles of M-ary signaling M-ary PSK &QAM – Comparison, ISI – Pulse shaping – Duo binary encoding - Cosine filters – Eyepattern, equalizersUNIT IV INFORMATION THEORY AND CODING 9Measure of information – Entropy – Source coding theorem - Shannon-Fano coding,Huffman Coding, LZ Coding– Channel capacity – Shannon-Hartley law – Shannon’s limit-Error control Codes – Cyclic codes, Syndrome calculation – Convolutional Coding,Sequential and Viterbi decodingUNIT V SPREAD SPECTRUM AND MULTIPLE ACCESS 9PN sequences – properties – m-sequence –DSSS –Processing gain, Jamming – FHSS –Synchronisation and tracking - Multiple Access – FDMA, TDMA, CDMA Tutorial = 15 TOTAL 45+15 = 60 PERIODSTEXT BOOKS:1. H Taub, D L Schilling, G Saha, “Principles of Communication Systems” 3/e, TMH, 20072. S. Haykin “Digital Communications” John Wiley, 2005REFERENCES:1. B.P.Lathi, “Modern Digital and Analog Communication Systems”, 3/e, Oxford University Press,20072. H P Hsu, Schaum Outline Series - “Analog and Digital Communications” TMH 20063. B.Sklar, “Digital Communications Fundamentals and Applications” 2/e Pearson Education 2007GE2021 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING LTPC (Common to Civil, CSE, IT & Biomedical Degree Programmes) 3 003AIMThe aim of this course is to create awareness in every engineering graduate about theimportance of environment, the effect of technology on the environment and ecologicalbalance and make them sensitive to the environment problems in every professionalendeavour that they participates. 40
  • 41. OBJECTIVEAt the end of this course the student is expected to understand what constitutes theenvironment, what are precious resources in the environment, how to conserve theseresources, what is the role of a human being in maintaining a clean environment anduseful environment for the future generations and how to maintain ecological balance andpreserve bio-diversity. The role of government and non-government organization inenvironment managements.UNIT I ENVIRONMENT, ECOSYSTEMS AND BIODIVERSITY 14Definition, scope and importance of environment – need for public awareness - concept ofan ecosystem – structure and function of an ecosystem – producers, consumers anddecomposers – energy flow in the ecosystem – ecological succession – food chains, foodwebs and ecological pyramids – Introduction, types, characteristic features, structure andfunction of the (a) forest ecosystem (b) grassland ecosystem (c) desert ecosystem (d)aquatic ecosystems (ponds, streams, lakes, rivers, oceans, estuaries) – Introduction tobiodiversity definition: genetic, species and ecosystem diversity – biogeographicalclassification of India – value of biodiversity: consumptive use, productive use, social,ethical, aesthetic and option values – Biodiversity at global, national and local levels –India as a mega-diversity nation – hot-spots of biodiversity – threats to biodiversity: habitatloss, poaching of wildlife, man-wildlife conflicts – endangered and endemic species ofIndia – conservation of biodiversity: In-situ and ex-situ conservation of biodiversity.Field study of common plants, insects, birdsField study of simple ecosystems – pond, river, hill slopes, etc.UNIT II ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTION 8Definition – causes, effects and control measures of: (a) Air pollution (b) Water pollution(c) Soil pollution (d) Marine pollution (e) Noise pollution (f) Thermal pollution (g) Nuclearhazards – soil waste management: causes, effects and control measures of municipalsolid wastes – role of an individual in prevention of pollution – pollution case studies –disaster management: floods, earthquake, cyclone and landslides.Field study of local polluted site – Urban / Rural / Industrial / Agricultural.UNIT III NATURAL RESOURCES 10Forest resources: Use and over-exploitation, deforestation, case studies- timberextraction, mining, dams and their effects on forests and tribal people – Water resources:Use and over-utilization of surface and ground water, floods, drought, conflicts over water,dams-benefits and problems – Mineral resources: Use and exploitation, environmentaleffects of extracting and using mineral resources, case studies – Food resources: Worldfood problems, changes caused by agriculture and overgrazing, effects of modernagriculture, fertilizer-pesticide problems, water logging, salinity, case studies – Energyresources: Growing energy needs, renewable and non renewable energy sources, use ofalternate energy sources. case studies – Land resources: Land as a resource, landdegradation, man induced landslides, soil erosion and desertification – role of an individualin conservation of natural resources – Equitable use of resources for sustainable lifestyles.Field study of local area to document environmental assets – river / forest / grassland / hill/ mountain. 41
  • 42. UNIT IV SOCIAL ISSUES AND THE ENVIRONMENT 7From unsustainable to sustainable development – urban problems related to energy –water conservation, rain water harvesting, watershed management – resettlement andrehabilitation of people; its problems and concerns, case studies – role of non-governmental organization- environmental ethics: Issues and possible solutions – climatechange, global warming, acid rain, ozone layer depletion, nuclear accidents and holocaust,case studies. – wasteland reclamation – consumerism and waste products – environmentproduction act – Air (Prevention and Control of Pollution) act – Water (Prevention andcontrol of Pollution) act – Wildlife protection act – Forest conservation act – enforcementmachinery involved in environmental legislation- central and state pollution control boards-Public awareness.UNIT V HUMAN POPULATION AND THE ENVIRONMENT 6Population growth, variation among nations – population explosion – family welfareprogramme – environment and human health – human rights – value education – HIV /AIDS – women and child welfare – role of information technology in environment andhuman health – Case studies. TOTAL : 45 PERIODSTEXT BOOKS:1. Gilbert M.Masters, “Introduction to Environmental Engineering and Science”, 2nd Edition, Pearson Education, 2004.2. Benny Joseph, “Environmental Science and Engineering”, Tata McGraw-Hill, New Delhi, 2006.REFERENCES:1. R.K. Trivedi, “Handbook of Environmental Laws, Rules, Guidelines, Compliances and Standards”, Vol. I and II, Enviro Media.2. Cunningham, W.P. Cooper, T.H. Gorhani, “Environmental Encyclopedia”, Jaico Publ., House, Mumbai, 2001.3. Dharmendra S. Sengar, “Environmental law”, Prentice hall of India PVT LTD, New Delhi, 2007.4. Rajagopalan, R, “Environmental Studies-From Crisis to Cure”, Oxford University Press (2005).BM2257 INTEGRATED CIRCUIT LAB L T PC 0 0 3 2 1. Inverting, non-inverting amplifier and comparator 2. Integrator and Differentiator 3. Active filter – first order LPF and HPF 4. Schmitt trigger using IC741 5. Instrumentation amplifier using IC741 6. Wein bridge oscillator 7. Multivibrator using IC555 Timer 8. Study of logic gates, Half adder and Full adder 9. Encoder and BCD to 7 segment decoder 10. Multiplexer and demultiplexer using digital ICs 11. Universal shift register using flipflops 12. Design of mod-N counter TOTAL : 45 PERIODS 42
  • 43. LIST OF EQUIPMENTS AND COMPONENTS FOR A BATCH OF 30 STUDENTS (3 per Batch)S.N Name of the equipments / Components Quantity Remarks o Required 1 Dual ,(0-30V) variable Power Supply 10 - 2 CRO 9 30MHz 3 Digital Multimeter 10 Digital 4 Function Generator 8 1 MHz 5 IC Tester (Analog/Digital) 2 6 Bread board 10 Consumables (Minimum of 25 Nos. each) 1 IC 741 25 2 IC NE555 25 3 LED 25 4 Potentiometer 5 Seven Segment Display 25 6 Capacitor 7 Resistors 1/4 Watt Assorted 25 8 Single Strand Wire 25 9 Encoder and Decoder ICs 25 (IC7445, IC 74147) 10 Multiplexer and Demultiplexer ICs. 25 ( IC74150, IC74154) 11 Shift register ICs, Counter ICs 25 12 IC7400 25 13 IC7404 25 14 IC7402 15 IC7408 25 16 IC7411 25 17 IC7432 25BM 2258 PATHOLOGY AND MICROBIOLOGY LAB. LTPC 0 042 1. Urine physical and chemical examination (protein, reducing substances, ketones, bilirubin and blood) 2. Hematoxylin and eosin staining. 3. Study of parts of compound microscope 4. Histopathological slides of benign and malignant tumours. 5. Manual tissue processing and section cutting (demonstration) 6. Simple stain. 7. Gram stain. 8. AFB stain. 9. Slides of malyarial parasites, micro filaria and leishmania donovani. 10. Haematology slides of anemia and leukemia 11. Bleeding time and clotting time. 12. Study of bone marrow charts TOTAL: 60 PERIODS 43
  • 44. (Lab Requirement for a both of Semester)1) Test tubes, Test tube racks, Bunsen burner(gas),(Benedict’s solution, Acetic acid, Sulphosalicylic acid), centrifuge, microscope.2) Slides, cover slips,H & E stains3) Microscope4) Beakers,graded alcohols, acetone,Lmoulds(or maling bodies), paradigm wax, water bath, microtone for section cutting,slides,cover slips,hotair oven,refrigerator to store chemical and ice.5) whanman filter paper for bleeding time Test tubes.6) Simple Stain test SIMPLE STAIN, Glass Slide Reagents – Methylene blue, Crystal Violet, Cabal Iuschin7) Gram Stain test SIMPLE GRAM STAIN Reagents – Crystal Violet, Gram’s Iodine, 95% ethyl alcohol Safranin Urine bacterial count/ml exceeding 100,000(10s) denotes urinary tract infection. Normal : 0-100 ml Glass Slide8) AFB Strain test ACID FAST STAIN (ZIEHL – NEELSON METHOD) Reagent – Carbal Iushin, Acid Alcohol, Methylene blue, Glass slide9) Bone marrow chartsBM2305 DIGITAL SIGNAL PROCESSING LTPC 3 104AIMTo study the signal processing methods and processorsOBJECTIVES:  To study the design techniques of IIR and FIR filters  To study the structure realization method for IIR and FIR filters  To study the finite word length effects in signal processing  To study power spectrum estimation  To study multirate signal processingUNIT I FINITE IMPULSE RESPONSE (FIR) FILTER 9Introduction to FIR filter - phase delay and group delay – linear phase transfer function.Design of FIR filter using Fourier method, Rectangular window, Hanning window,Hamming window, Kaiser window. Design using frequency sampling technique. Structurerealization of FIR system – direct form, cascade form, linear phase FIR system.UNIT II INFINITE IMPULSE RESPONSE (IIR) FILTER 9Introduction to IIR filter - Impulse-invariant transformation technique – Bilineartransformation technique – frequency transformation in digital domain - design ofButterworth filter and Chebyshev filter (type-1) (restricted to 3rd order). Structure realizationof IIR system – lattice structure and lattice-ladder structure. 44
  • 45. UNIT III FINITE WORD LENGTH EFFECT IN FIR AND IIR FILTER 8Quantization of fixed-point and floating-point numbers – product quantization – varianceestimation of quantization error – finite word length effect on IIR filter – Productquantization error in IIR filter – mathematical analysis of steady state output noise –dynamic scaling to prevent overflow – limit-cycle oscillation in recursive system –rounding-off error in DFT and FFT computation.UNIT IV BASICS OF RANDOM SIGNAL PROCESSING 10 (ONLY QUALITATIVE ANALYSIS)Introduction to probability function, joint probability, conditional probability – estimationparameters – joint distribution function, probability density function, ensemble average –mean squared value, variance, standard deviation, moments, correlation, covariance,orthogonality, auto-covariance, auto-correlation, cross-covariance and cross-correlation –stationarity – ergodic – white noise – energy density spectrum – power density spectrumestimation – periodogram – direct method, indirect method, Barlett method – Welchmethod. Decimator (down sampling) – frequency-domain analysis of decimator –interpolation (up sampling) – frequency-domain analysis of interpolatorUNIT V INTRODUCTION TO DIGITAL SIGNAL PROCESSORS 9Programmable DSP – multiplier accumulator – over-flow and under-flow in MAC unit –Van-Neumann architecture – Harvard architecture – cache memory – pipelining –computer configuration – RISC – CISC – addressing modes – replication – TMS320processor – first to fifth generation (only block diagram approach) – architecture andfeatures. L: 45, T: 15, Total= 60 PeriodsTEXT BOOKS:1. E. C. Ifeachor and B.W. Jervis, “Digital Signal processing – A Practical Approach”, Pearson education, New Delhi, 4th Edition, 2004.2. John G. Proakis and Dimitris G. Manolakis, “Digital Signal Processing, Algorithms and Applications”, Pearson education, New Delhi, 4th Edition, 2007.REFERENCES:1. Sanjit K. Mitra, “Digital Signal Processing – A computer Based Approach”,TMH, New Delhi, 19982. Andreas Antoniou, Digital filter Analysis and Design”, Prentice Hall India3. R. Rabiner and B. Gold, “Theory and Application of Digital Signal processing”, PHIBM2301 BIOCONTROL SYSTEMS LTPC 310 4AIMBy studying various control systems modeling technique, time response analysis andfrequency response analysis , biological control systems can be analysed and understood. 45
  • 46. OBJECTIVES: To study concept and different mathematical techniques applied in analyzing any given system To learn to do the analysis of given system in time domain and frequency domain To study the techniques of plotting the responses in both domain analysis To study techniques of modeling the physiological systemsUNIT I CONTROL SYSTEM MODELLING 9Terminology and basic structure of control system, example of a closed loop system,transfer functions, modeling of electrical systems, translational and rotational mechanicalsystems, electromechanical systems, block diagram and signal flow graph representationof systems, conversion of block diagram to signal flow graph, reduction of block diagramand signal flow graph.UNIT II RESPONSE ANALYSIS 9Step and Impulse responses of first order and second order systems, determination oftime domain specifications of first and second order systems from its output responses.definition of steady state error constants and its computation, definition of stability, Routh-Hurwitz criteria of stability, root locus technique, construction of root locus and study ofstability, definition of dominant poles and relative stability .UNIT III FREQUENCY RESPONSE ANALYSIS 9Frequency response, Nyquist stability criterion, Nyquist plot and determination of closedloop stability, definition of gain margin and phase margin, Bode plot, determination of gainmargin and phase margin using Bode plot, use of Nichol’s chart to compute resonancefrequency and band width.UNIT IV PHYSIOLOGICAL CONTROL SYSTEMS 9Block diagram representation of the muscle stretch reflex, difference between engineeringand physiological control systems, generalized system properties , models withcombination of system elements, introduction to simulation.UNIT V PHYSIOLOGICAL SYSTEM MODELING 9Linear model of respiratory mechanics, model of chemical regulation of ventilation, linearmodel of muscle mechanics, model of regulation of cardiac output, model ofNeuromuscular reflex motion. L: 45, T: 15, TOTAL= 60 PERIODSTEXT BOOKS:1. M. Gopal “Control Systems Principles and design”, Tata McGraw Hill ,20022. Benjamin C. Kuo, ”Automatic control systems”, Prentice Hall of India, 19953. Michael C K Khoo, “Physiological control systems”, IEEE press, Prentice –Hall of India, 2001.REFERENCES1. John Enderle, Susan Blanchard, Joseph Bronzino “Introduction to Biomedical Engineering” second edition, Academic Press, 2005.2. Richard C. Dorf, Robert H. Bishop,” Modern control systems”,Pearson, 2004 46
  • 47. BM2302 DIAGNOSTIC AND THERAPEUTIC EQUIPMENTS-I LTPC 300 3UNIT I CARDIAC EQUIPMENTS 9Electrocardiograph, Normal and Abnormal Waves, Heart rate monitor, ArrhythmiaSimulator, Holter Monitor, Phonocardiography, Plethysmography. Cardiac Pacemaker-Internal and External Pacemaker–Batteries, AC and DC Defibrillator- Internal andExternal.UNIT II NEUROLOGICAL EQUIPMENTS 9Clinical significance of EEG, Multi channel EEG recording system, Epillepsy, EvokedPotential –Visual, Auditory and Somatosensory, MEG (Magneto Encephalon Graph). EEGBio Feedback Instrumentation.UNIT III SKELETAL MUSCULAR SYSTEM 9Sliding theory of contraction, recording and analysis of EMG waveforms, fatiguecharacteristics , Muscle stimulators, nerve stimulators, Nerve conduction velocitymeasurement, EMG Bio Feedback Instrumentation.UNIT IV RESPIRATORY MEASUREMENT STSTEM 9Instrumentation for measuring the mechanics of breathing – Spirometer-Lung Volume andvital capacity, measurements of residual volume, pneumotachometer - Airway resistancemeasurement, Whole body plethysmography, Intra-Alveolar and Thoracic pressuremeasurements, Apnea Monitor. Types of Ventilators – Pressure, Volume, Time controlled.Flow, Patient Cycle Ventilators, Humidifiers, Nebulizers, Inhalators.UNIT V SENSORY MEASUREMENT 9Psycho Physiological Measurements-for testing and sensory Responses, Electroocculograph, Electro retinograph, Audiometer-Pure tone, Speech. EGG(Electrogastrograph), galvanic skin resistance(GSR). TOTAL: 45 PERIODSTEXT BOOKS:1. Joseph J. Carr and John M. Brown, “Introduction to Biomedical equipment technology”, Pearson education, 2003.2. John G.Webster, Medical Instrumentation Application and Design, third edition, Wiley India Edition, 2007.REFERENCES:1. Myer Kutz, “Standard Handbook of Biomedical Engineering & Design”, McGraw Hill, 2003.2. Khandpur R.S, “Handbook of Biomedical Instrumentation”, Tata McGraw Hill, New Delhi, 2003.3 L.A Geddes and L.E.Baker, “Principles of Applied Biomedical Instrumentation”,4 Leslie Cromwell, “Biomedical Instrumentation and Measurement”, Pearson Education, New Delhi, 2007. 47
  • 48. BM2303 BIOMATERIALS AND ARTIFICIAL ORGANS LTPC 30 03UNIT I STRUCTURE OF BIO-MATERIALS AND BIO-COMPATIBILITY 9Definition and classification of bio-materials, mechanical properties, visco elasticity,wound-healing process, body response to implants, blood compatibility.UNIT II IMPLANT MATERIALS 9Metallic implant materials, stainless steels, co-based alloys, Ti-based alloys, ceramicimplant materials, aluminum oxides, hydroxyapatite glass ceramics carbons, medicalapplications.UNIT III POLYMERIC IMPLANT MATERIALS 9Polymerization, polyamides, Acryrilic polymers, rubbers, high strength thermoplastics,medical applications. Bio polymers: Collagen and Elastin.UNIT IV TISSUE REPLACEMENT IMPLANTS 9Soft-tissue replacements, sutures, surgical tapes, adhesive, Percutaneous and skinimplants, maxillofacial augmentation, blood interfacing implants, hard tissue replacementimplants, internal fracture fixation devices, joint replacements.UNIT V ARTIFICIAL ORGANS 9Artificial Heart, Prosthetic Cardiac Valves, Artificial lung ( oxygenateor), Artificial Kidney( Dialyser membrane) , Dental Implants. Total= 45 PeriodsTEXT BOOKS: 1. SUJATA V. BHATT, Biomaterials Second Edition ,Narosa Publishing House,2005. 2. BIOMATERIALS - Principles and Applications – Joon B.Park Joseph D. Bronzino, CRC Press, 2003REFERENCES : 1. PARK J.B., “Biomaterials Science and Engineering”, Plenum Press, 1984. 2. Standard Handbook of Biomedical Engineering & Design – Myer Kutz, McGraw- Hill, 2003 3. Introduction to Biomedical Engineering – John Enderle, Joseph D. Bronzino, Susan M. Blanchard, Elsevier, 2005.EC2363 MICROPROCESSOR, MICROCONTROLLER AND SYSTEM LT P C DESIGN 3003UNIT I ARCHITECTURE OF 8085 /8086 98085- Functional Block Diagram- Description - Addressing Modes, Timing diagrams.8086- Architecture, Instruction set, Addressing Modes. Introduction to 8087 - Architecture.UNIT II 8086 ASSEMBLY LANGUAGE PROGRAMMING 9Simple Assembly Language Programming, Strings, Procedures, Macros, AssemblerDirectives- Interrupts and Interrupt Applications. 48
  • 49. UNIT III PERIPHERAL INTERFACING & APPLICATION 9Programmable Peripheral Interface (8255), keyboard display controller (8279), ADC, DACInterface, Programmable Timer Controller (8254), Programmable interrupt controller(8259), Serial Communication Interface (8251).UNIT IV MICROCONTROLLER 9Architecture of 8051 Microcontroller- Instruction Set – Assembly Language Programming –Branching, I/O and ALU Instructions. Programming 8051 - Timers, Serial Port, Interrupts.C programming for 8051.UNIT V 8086 AND 8051 BASED SYSTEM DESIGN 9Design and interfacing - LED, LCD & Keyboard Interfacing, ADC, DAC, Sensor Interfacing,External Memory Interfac,e Traffic light controller, Washing machine, RTC Interfacingusing I2C Standard, Motor Control, Relay, PWM, DC, Stepper Motor Multichannelbiomedical data acquisition system. TOTAL:45 PERIODSTEXTBOOKS:1. Ramesh S. Gaonkar, Microprocessor Architecture Programming and Applications with 8085. Fourth edition, Penram International Publishing 2006.2. Douglas V.Hall, Microprocessor and Interfacing, Programming aHardware.Revised second Edition, Indian edition,Tata McGraw Hill, 2007.3. Muhammad Ali Mazidi, Janice Gillispie Mazidi, Rolin D.MCKinlay The 8051 Microcontroller and Embedded Systems, Second Edition, Pearson Education 2008.REFERENCES: 1. Kenneth J.Ayala., “The 8051 Microcontroller, 3rd Edition, Thompson Delmar Learning, New Delhi, 2007. 2. A.K. Ray , K.M .Bhurchandi “Advanced Microprocessor and Peripherals” ,Second edition, Tata McGraw-Hill, 2007. 3. Barry B.Brey, “The Intel Microprocessors Architecture, Programming and Interfacing” Pearson Education, New Delhi, 2007, 4. Zdravko Karakehayov, “Embedded System Design with 8051 Microcontroller hardware and software”, Mercel Dekkar, 1999. 5. Krishna Kant, “ Microprocessor and Microcontroller Architecture, programming a. and system design using 8085, 8086, 8051 and 8096, PHI, 2007BM2304 HOSPITAL MANAGEMENT LTPC 3 00 3UNIT I OVERVIEW OF HOSPITAL ADMINISTRATION 9Distinction between Hospital and Industry, Challenges in Hospital Administration –Hospital Planning – Equipment Planning – Functional Planning.UNIT II HUMAN RESOURCE MANAGEMENT ON HOSPITAL 9Principles of HRM – Functions of HRM – Profile of HRD Manager – Tools of HRD –Human Resource Inventory – Manpower Planning. 49
  • 50. UNIT III RECRUITMENT AND TRAINING 9Different Departments of Hospital, Recruitment, Selection, Training Guidelines – Methodsof Training – Evaluation of Training – Leadership grooming and Training, Promotion –Transfer.UNIT IV PLANNING SUPPORTIVE SERVICES 9Medical Records Department – Central Sterilization and Supply Department – Pharmacy –Food Services - Laundry Services.UNIT V COMMUNICATION AND SAFETY ASPECTS IN HOSPITAL 9Purposes – Planning of Communication, Modes of Communication – Telephone, ISDN,Public Address and Piped Music – CCTV.Security – Loss Prevention – Fire Safety – Alarm System – Safety Rules. TOTAL:45 PERIODSTEXT BOOKS: 1. R.C.Goyal, “Hospital Administration and Human Resource Management”, PHI – Fourth Edition, 2006. 2. G.D.Kunders, “Hospitals – Facilities Planning and Management – TMH, New Delhi – Fifth Reprint 2007.REFERENCE:1. Cesar A.Caceres and Albert Zara, “The Practice of Clinical Engineering, Academic Press, New York, 1977.BM2306 MICROPROCESSOR AND MICROCONTROLLER LAB LTPC 8085 based experiments 003 2 1. Assembly Language Programming of 80858086 based experiments 1. Programs for 16 bit Arithmetic, Sorting, Searching and String operations, 2. Programs for Digital clock, Interfacing ADC and DAC 3. Interfacing and Programming 8279, 8259, and 8253. 4. Serial Communication between two Microprocessor Kits using 8251. 5. Interfacing and Programming of Stepper Motor and DC Motor Speed control and Parallel Communication between two Microprocessor Kits using Mode 1 and Mode 2 of 8255. 6. Macroassembler Programming for 8086 8051 based experiments 1. Programming using Arithmetic, Logical and Bit Manipulation instructions of 8051 microcontroller. 2. Programming and verifying Timer, Interrupts and UART operations in 8051 microcontroller. 3. Interfacing – DAC and ADC and 8051 based temperature measurement 4. Interfacing – LED and LCD 5. Interfacing – stepper motor traffic light control 6. Communication between 8051 Microcontroller kit and PC. TOTAL:45 PERIODS 50
  • 51. Requirement for a batch of 30 students Quantity Quantity Deficiency S. No. Description of Equipment Required available % 1. 8085 Trainer Kit 15 2. 8051 Trainer Kit 15 3. 8086 Trainer Kit 15 8255 Addon card (PPI) compatable with 4. 3 Nos. 8085/8051/8086 8251 Addon card (Serial) compatable 5. 3 Nos. with 8085/8051/8086 8279 Addon card compatible with 6. 3 Nos. 8085/8051/8086 Stepper Motor & Interfacing card 7. 3 Nos. Compatible ADC x DAC Interfacing card compatible 8. 3 Nos. with 8085/8051/8086 9. LED & LCD Interfacing card 3 Nos. 10. 8086 Macro assembler with PC P(IV) 3 Nos 11. Personal Computer 1 No.BM2307 BIO MEDICAL INSTRUMENTATION LAB LTPC 0 032 1. Design of low noise pre-amplifier for ECG 2. Study of characteristics of temperature sensors – thermistor, thermocouple and RTD 3. Measurement of pulse rate using photo transducer 4. Measurement of respiration rate 5. Measurement of blood flow velocity using ultrasound transducer 6. Study of ESU – cutting and coagulation modes 7. pH Measurement and conductivity test 8. Measurement of heart rate using F-V converter 9. Galvanic skin resistance (GSR) measurement 10. Recording of Audiogram TOTAL:45 PERIODS 51
  • 52. Requirement for a batch of 30 students Quantity Quantity Deficiency S. No. Description of Equipment Required available % 12. Low Persistance CRO 3 Nos. Low Frequency Oscillator (1 Hz to 5 13. 5 Nos. KHz and above) 14. Digital Multimeter 5 Nos. Thermistor, Thermocouple, RTD module 1 No. 15. with accessories each Pulse rate measurement setup with 16. 1 No. accessories Respiration rate measurement setup 17. 1 No. with accessories 18. Ultrasound Doppler flow meter 1 No. 19. Electrosurgical unit 1 No. GSR Measurement setup with 20. 1 No. accessories Audiometer (air conduction, bone 21. 1 No. conduction test) 22. PH meter 1 No. 23. Conductivity meter 1 No. 24. CRO (0-5 MHz) 5 Nos. 25. Op-Amp [µA741 or equivalent] 10 Nos.GE2321 COMMUNICATION SKILLS LABORATORY LTPC (Fifth / Sixth Semester) 004 2Globalisation has brought in numerous opportunities for the teeming millions, with morefocus on the students’ overall capability apart from academic competence. Many students,particularly those from non-English medium schools, find that they are not preferred due totheir inadequacy of communication skills and soft skills, despite possessing soundknowledge in their subject area along with technical capability. Keeping in view their pre-employment needs and career requirements, this course on Communication SkillsLaboratory will prepare students to adapt themselves with ease to the industryenvironment, thus rendering them as prospective assets to industries. The course willequip the students with the necessary communication skills that would go a long way inhelping them in their profession 52
  • 53. OBJECTIVES:  To equip students of engineering and technology with effective speaking and listening skills in English.  To help them develop their soft skills and interpersonal skills, which will make the transition from college to workplace smoother and help them excel in their job.  To enhance the performance of students at Placement Interviews, Group Discussions and other recruitment exercises. I. PC based session (Weightage 40%) 24 periodsA. ENGLISH LANGUAGE LAB (18 Periods)1. LISTENING COMPREHENSION: 6Listening and typing – Listening and sequencing of sentences – Filling in the blanks -Listening and answering questions.2. READING COMPREHENSION: 6Filling in the blanks - Close exercises – Vocabulary building - Reading and answeringquestions.3. SPEAKING 6Phonetics: Intonation – Ear training - Correct Pronunciation – Sound recognition exercises– Common Errors in English.Conversations: Face to Face Conversation – Telephone conversation – Role playactivities (Students take on roles and engage in conversation)B. DISCUSSION OF AUDIO-VISUAL MATERIALS (6 PERIODS)(Samples are available to learn and practice1. RESUME / REPORT PREPARATION / LETTER WRITING 1 Structuring the resume / report - Letter writing / Email Communication - Samples.2. PRESENTATION SKILLS: 1 Elements of effective presentation – Structure of presentation - Presentation tools – Voice Modulation – Audience analysis - Body language – Video samples3. SOFT SKILLS: 2 Time management – Articulateness – Assertiveness – Psychometrics – Innovation and Creativity - Stress Management & Poise - Video Samples4. GROUP DISCUSSION: 1 Why is GD part of selection process ? - Structure of GD – Moderator – led and other GDs - Strategies in GD – Team work - Body Language - Mock GD -Video samples5. INTERVIEW SKILLS: 1 Kinds of interviews – Required Key Skills – Corporate culture – Mock interviews- Video samples. II. Practice Session (Weightage – 60%) 24 periods 53
  • 54. 1. Resume / Report Preparation / Letter writing: Students prepare their 2 own resume and report. 2. Presentation Skills: Students make presentations on given topics. 8 3. Group Discussion: Students participate in group discussions. 6 4. Interview Skills: Students participate in Mock Interviews 8 REFERENCES: 1. Anderson, P.V, Technical Communication, Thomson Wadsworth, Sixth Edition, New Delhi, 2007. 2. Prakash, P, Verbal and Non-Verbal Reasoning, Macmillan India Ltd., Second Edition, New Delhi, 2004. 3. John Seely, The Oxford Guide to Writing and Speaking, Oxford University Press, New Delhi, 2004. 4. Evans, D, Decisionmaker, Cambridge University Press, 1997. Thorpe, E, and Thorpe, S, Objective English, Pearson Education, 5. Second Edition, New Delhi, 2007. 6. Turton, N.D and Heaton, J.B, Dictionary of Common Errors, Addison Wesley Longman Ltd., Indian reprint 1998. LAB REQUIREMENTS: 1. Teacher console and systems for students. 2. English Language Lab Software 3. Career Lab Software Quantity QuantitySl.No. Description of Equipment Deficiency % required available 1. Server o PIV system o 1 GB RAM / 40 GB HDD o OS: Win 2000 server 1 No. o Audio card with headphones (with mike) o JRE 1.3 2. Client Systems o PIII or above o 256 or 512 MB RAM /40 GB HDD 60 No. o OS: Win 2000 o Audio card with headphones (with mike) o JRE 1.3 54
  • 55. 3. Softwares a) Interactive Teacher Control Software Available / Not Available b) English Language Lab Software Available / Not Available c) Career Lab software Available / Not Available4. Handicam Video Camera (with video lights and mic input) 1 No. 5. Television - 29” 1 No. 6. Collar mike 1 No. 7. Cordless mikes 1 No. 8. Audio Mixer 1 No. 9. DVD Recorder / Player 1 No.10. LCD Projector with MP3 /CD /DVD provision 1 No. Available / Not Available for audio / video facility - Desirable L: 45, T: 15, TOTAL= 60 PERIODS BM2351 RADIOLOGICAL EQUIPMENT LTPC 300 3 AIM To get the clear understanding of X-ray generation and radio isotopes and various techniques used for visualizing organs in detail. OBJECTIVES To study the functioning of X-ray tubes and scattered radiation and method by which fogginess can be reduced. To study the different types radio diagnostic unit. To know the techniques to visualize opaque, transparent organs. To study the special techniques adopted to visualize different sections of any organ. UNIT I MEDICAL X-RAY EQUIPMENT - 9 Nature of X-Rays - X-ray Absorption - Tissue Contrast. X-Ray Equipment (Block Diagram) – X-ray Tube, the collimator, Bucky Grid, power supply. Digital Radiography - discrete digital detectors, storage phosphor and film Scanning. X-Ray Image intensifier tubes - Fluoroscopy – Digital Fluoroscopy. Angiography, Cine angiography. Digital Subtraction Angiography. Mammography. UNIT II COMPUTER TOMOGRAPHY 9 Principles of Tomography - First to Fourth generation scanners – Image reconstruction technique- Back projection and Iterative method. Spiral CT Scanning - Ultra fast CT Scanners- X-Ray Sources – Collimation – X-Ray Detectors – Viewing System. 55
  • 56. UNIT III MRI 9Fundamentals of Magnetic Resonance- Interaction of nuclei with static Magnetic Field andRadio frequency wave – Rotation and Precession –induction of a magnetic resonancesignal – bulk Magnetization – Relaxation Processes T1 and T2. Block diagram approachof MRI system- System Magnet (Permanent, Electromagnet and super conductors) ,generation of Gradient magnetic Fields , Radio Frequency coils (sending and receiving)Shim coils, Electronic components.UNIT IV NUCLEAR MEDICINE SYSTEMS 9Radio isotopes- alpha, beta and gamma radiations. Radio pharmaceuticals.Radiationdetectors - Gas Filled, ionization Chambers, proportional counter, GM counter andScintillation Detectors. Gamma Camera- Principle of operation, Collimator, Photo multipliertube, X-Y Positioning Circuit, Pulse height Analyzer. Principles of SPECT and PET.UNIT V RADIATION THERAPY AND RADIATION SAFETY 9Radiation therapy-Linear accelerator, betatron, cesium and cobalt .Radiation Protection inMedicine –Radiation Protection principles, Radiation measuring instruments-Dosimeter,film Badges, Thermo luminescent dosimeters – Electronic dosimeter- ICRP regulationPractical reduction of dose to staff and visitors. TOTAL = 45 PERIODSTEXT BOOKS:1. Steve webb, Physics of Medical Imaging, , Taylor and Francis, 1988.2 R. Hendee and Russell Ritenour “Medical Imaging Physics”–William,Wiley, Fourth Edition 2002.REFERENCES:1. Physics and Radiobiology of Nuclear Medicine –Third edition – Gopal B.Saha – Publisher – Springer, 2006.2. Medical Physics and Biomedical Engineering –B.H Brown , PV Lawford, R H Small wood , D R Hose , D C Barber , CRC Press, 1999.3. Standard handbook of Biomedical Engineering and Design – Myer Kutz Publisher – McGraw – Hill, 2003.4. P.Raghunathan, “Magnetic Resonance Imaging and Spectroscopy in Medicine” Concepts and Techniques, Orient Longman, 2007.BM 2352 BIOMECHANICS LTPC 300 3UNIT I INTRODUCTION 9Scope of mechanics in medicine, mechanics of bone structure, determination of in-vivoelastic modulus. Biofluid mechanics, flow properties of blood.UNIT II MECHANICS OF PHYSIOLOGICAL SYSTEMS 9Heart valves, power developed by the heart, prosthetic valves. Constitutive equations forsoft tissues, dynamics of fluid flow in cardiovascular system and effect of vibration - shearstresses in extra-corporal circuits. 56
  • 57. UNIT III ORTHOPAEDIC MECHANICS 9Mechanical properties of cartilage, diffusion properties of articular cartilage, mechanicalproperties of bone, kinetics and kinematics of joints, Lubrication of joints.UNIT IV MATHEMATICAL MODELS 9Introduction to Finite Element Analysis, Mathematical models - pulse wave velocities inarteries, determination of in-vivo elasticity of blood vessel, dynamics of fluid filledcatheters.UNIT V ORTHOPAEDIC APPLICATIONS 9Dynamics and analysis of human locomotion - Gait analysis (determination ofinstantaneous joint reaction analysis), occupant response to vehicular vibration.Mechanics of knee joint during standing and walking. TOTAL: 45 PERIODSTEXT BOOKS:1. Dhanjoo N. Ghista, “Bio-mechanics of Medical Devices”, Marcel Dekker, 1980.2. Haufred Clynes, “Bio-medical Engineering Systems”, McGraw Hill, 1998.REFERENCES:1. Y.C. Fung, “Bio-Mechanics- Mechanical Properties of Tissues”, Springer-Verlag, 1998.2. Dhanjoo N. Ghista, “Orthopaedic Mechanics”, Academic Press, 1990.BM2353 DIAGNOSTIC AND THERAPEUTIC EQUIPMENTS-II LTPC 3 003UNIT I ULTRASONIC TECHNIQUE 9Diagnosis: Basic principles of Echo technique, display techniques A, B and M mode,Application of ultrasound as diagnostic tool – Echocardiogram, abdomen, obstetrics andgynaecology, ophthalmology.UNIT II PATIENT MONITORING AND BIOTELEMETRY 9ICU/CCU Equipments, Infusion pumps, bed side monitors, Central consoling controls.Radio Telemetry (single, multi), Portable and Landline Telemetry unit, Applications in ECGand EEG Transmission.UNIT III DIATHERMY 9IR and UV lamp and its application. Thermography – Recording and clinical application.Short wave diathermy, ultrasonic diathermy, Microwave diathermy, Electro surgerymachine - Current waveforms, Tissue Responses, Electro surgical current level.UNIT IV EXTRA CORPOREAL DEVICES AND SPECIAL DIAGNOSTIC TECHNIQUES 9Need for heart lung machine, functioning of bubble, disc type and membrane typeoxygenerators, finger pump, roller pump, electronic monitoring of functional parameter.Haemo Dialyser unit , Lithotripsy, Principles of Cryogenic technique and application,Endoscopy, Laproscopy. 57
  • 58. UNIT V PATIENT SAFETY 9Physiological effects of electricity – important susceptibility parameters – Macro shock –Micro shock hazards – Patient’s electrical environment – Isolated Power system –Conductive surfaces – Electrical safety codes and standards – Basic Approaches toprotection against shock, Protection equipment design, Electrical safety analyzer – Testingthe Electric systemTEXT BOOK1. Leslie Cromwell, “Biomedical Instrumentation and Measurement”, Prentice Hall of India, New Delhi, 20072. John G. Webster, “Medical Instrumentation Application and Design”, John Willey and sons, 20021. Joseph J. Carr and John M. Brown, “Introduction to Biomedical equipment technology”, John Willey and sons, New York, 1997REFERENCES:1. Principles of Biomedical Instrumentation and Measurement” – Richard Aston, Merril Publishing Company, 19902. Principles of Applied Biomedical Instrumentation L.A Geddas and L.E.Baker – 20043. John G. Webster, Bioinstrumentation”, John Willey and sons, New York, 20044. Khandpur R.S, “Handbook of Biomedical Instrumentation”, Tata McGraw- Hill, New Delhi, 2003.5. Standard Handbook of Biomedical Engineering & Design – Myer Kutz McGraw-Hill Publisher, 2003CS2361 INTERNET AND JAVA LTPC 3 00 3UNIT I WORLD WIDE WEB 9HTTP protocol, Web browsers Netscape, Internet explorer, Web site and web pagedesign,XHTML, Dynamic HTML, CSS.UNIT II JAVASCRIPT PROGRAMMING 9Introduction, Control statements, Functions, Arrays and Objects.UNIT III 9Micromedia Dream Weaver, XML, Web Servers, Databases – SQL, MYSQL, DBI andADO.NETUNIT IV JAVA PROGRAMMING: 9Language features, Classes, Object and methods. Sub-classing and dynamic binding,Multithreading, Overview of class library, Object method serialization, Remote methodinvocation, Java Servelets and Javaserver pages. 58
  • 59. UNIT V WEB DESIGN AND MEDICAL STANDARDS 9Web Design case studies – Design and development of Dynamic Hospital InformationSystem Web sites using Macromedia Dreamweaver, Java, XML, Javascript, ProgrammingTechniques. HL7 Standards, DICOM standards. TOTAL:45 PERIODSTEXT BOOKS:1. Deitel, Internet and World Wide Web, Pearson Education / PHI, 20072. Deitel, “Java How to Program”, Pearson Education / PHI, 2006.3. Herbert Schildt, The complete Reference JAVA 2, Fifth Edition, Tata McGRaw Hill Publishing Com.Ltd, New Delhi.4. Achyut S Godbole and Atul Kahate, Web Technologies, TCP / IP to Internet Application Architecture, TMH, 2007.REFERENCES:1. Margaret Levine Young, “Internet The Complete Reference”, Tata McGraw Hill, 1999.2. Cay S. Horstmann & Gary Cornell, Core Javatm Volume – I & II, Pearson Education, 2006.3. Balagurusamy.E.`Programming with Java, A premier` Second Edition, Tata McGraw Hill,2006BM2356 DIGITAL SIGNAL PROCESSING LAB LTPC 003 2MATLAB / Equivalent Software Package(30% of the course) 1. Generation of sequences (functional & random), correlation and convolution 2. Spectrum Analysis using FFT 3. Filter Design & Analysis 4. Filter Implementation in time-domain & frequency domain 5. Study of Quantization errors in DSP algorithms 6. Multirate Filters 7. Adaptive filter 8. Equalization 9. Echo CancellationDSP Processor Implementation (70% of the course) 1. Waveform Generation 2. FIR Implementation 3. IIR Implementation 4. FFT 5. Finite word Length effect 6. Multirate filters 59
  • 60. CS2362 INTERNET AND JAVA PROGRAMMING LABORATORY LTPC 003 2 Programs using basic elements and design of Web pages, hyperlinks and web navigation using HTML, XHTML and CSS. Java script programs using control statements, functions, arrays and objects and applications in web environment Macromedia Dreamweaver platform to design and develop web pages, insert images and links into web pages, create XHTML elements to be able insert script into Dreamweaver pages and site management Programs relating to relational database model, database queries using SQL, MYSQL database server and interfaces Java programming using GUI components, java applet applications, servelets and java server pages. Design and development of a web based dynamic Hospital Information System TOTAL : 60 PERIODSBM2355 DIAGNOSTIC AND THERAPEUTIC EQUIPMENT LAB LT P C 0032Recording and analysis of ECG signalsRecording and analysis of EEG signals.Recording - Fatigue test of EMG signals.Simulation of ECG – detection of QRS complex and heart rateStudy of Pacemaker simulatorStudy of Defibrillator simulatorStudy of shortwave and ultrasonic diathermy.Study of biotelemetryElectrical safety measurements.Mini project TOTAL : 60 PERIODSBM2401 PATTERN RECOGNITION AND NEURAL NETWORKS LTPC 300 3UNIT I INTRODUCTION AND SIMPLE NEURAL NET 9Elementary neurophysiology and biological neural network-Artificial neural network –Architecture, biases and thresholds, Hebb net, Perceptron, Adaline and Madaline.UNIT II BACK PROPOGATION AND ASSOCIATIVE MEMORY 9Back propogation network, generalized delta rule, Bidirectional Associative memory,Hopefield networkUNIT III NEURAL NETWORKS BASED ON COMPETITION 9Kohonen Self organising map, Learning Vector Quantisation, counter propogationnetwork. 60
  • 61. UNIT IV UNSUPERVISED LEARNING AND CLUSTERING ANALYSIS 9Patterns and features, training and learning in pattern recognition, discriminant functions,different types of pattern recognition. Unsupervised learning- hierarchical clustering,partitional clustering. Neural pattern recognition approach – perceptron modelUNIT V SUPERVISED LEARNING USING PARAMETRIC AND NON 9 PARAMETRIC APPROACHBayesian classifier, non parametric density estimation, histograms, kernels, windowestimators, k-nearest neighbour classifier , estimation of error rates. TOTAL : 45 PERIODSTEXT BOOKS:1. Hagan, Demuth and Beale, “Neural network design”, Vikas Publishing House Pvt. Ltd., New Delhi , 20022. Freeman J.A., and Skapura B.M, " Neural networks, algorithms, applications and programming techniques”, Addison – Wesley,20033. Duda R.O, Hart P.G, “Pattern classification and scene analysis”, Wiley Edition,20004. Earl Gose, Richard Johnsonbaugh, Steve Jost, “Pattern Recognition and Image Analysis”, Prentice Hall of India Pvt. Ltd., New Delhi, 1999.REFERENCES:1. Robert Schalkoff, “ Pattern recognition, Statistical, Structural and neural approaches” John Wiley and Sons(Asia) Pte. Ltd., Singapore, 20052. Laurene Fausett ,” Fundamentals of neural networks – Architectures, algorithms and applications”, Prentice Hall, 1994.BM2402 MEDICAL INFORMATICS LTPC 300 3UNIT I MEDICAL INFORMATICS 9Introduction - Structure of Medical Informatics –Internet and Medicine -Security issues ,Computer based medical information retrieval, Hospital management and informationsystem, Functional capabilities of a computerized HIS, e-health services, HealthInformatics – Medical Informatics, BioinformaticsUNIT II COMPUTERISED PATIENT RECORD 9Introduction - History taking by computer, Dialogue with the computer, Components andfunctionality of CPR, Development tools, Intranet, CPR in Radiology- Application serverprovider, Clinical information system, Computerized prescriptions for patients.UNIT III COMPUTERS IN CLINICAL LABORATORY AND MEDICAL IMAGING 9Automated clinical laboratories-Automated methods in hematology, cytology and histology,Intelligent Laboratory Information System - Computerized ECG, EEG and EMG,Computer assisted medical imaging- nuclear medicine, ultrasound imagingultrasonography-computed X-ray tomography, Radiation therapy and planning, NuclearMagnetic Resonance 61
  • 62. UNIT IV COMPUTER ASSISTED MEDICAL DECISION-MAKING 9Neuro computers and Artificial Neural Networks application, Expert system - Generalmodel of CMD, Computer –assisted decision support system-production rule system-cognitive model, semester networks , decisions analysis in clinical medicine-computers inthe care of critically patients-computer assisted surgery-designingUNIT V RECENT TRENDS IN MEDICAL INFORMATICS 9Virtual reality applications in medicine, Computer assisted surgery , Surgical simulation ,Telemedicine - Tele surgery computer aids for the handicapped, computer assistedinstrumentation in Medical Informatics - Computer assisted patient education and health -Medical education and health care information.TEXT BOOKS:1.R.D.Lele Computers in medicine progress in medical informatics, Tata Mcgraw Hill Publishing computers Ltd,2005, New Delhi2.Mohan Bansal, Medicl informatics Tata Mcgraw Hill Publishing computers Ltd, 2003 New DelhiBM2403 MEDICAL OPTICS LTPC 3 003UNIT I OPTICAL PROPERTIES OF THE TISSUES 9Refraction, Scattering, absorption, light transport inside the tissue, tissue properties, Lightinteraction with tissues, optothermal interaction, fluorescence, speckles.UNIT II INSTRUMENTATION IN PHOTONICS 9Instrumentation for absorption, scattering and emission measurements, excitation lightsources – high pressure arc lamp, solid state LEDs, Lasers, optical filters, polarizer, solidstate detectors, time resolved and phase resolved detectors.UNIT III APPLICATIONS OF LASERS 9Laser in tissue welding, lasers in dermatology, lasers in ophthalmology, otolaryngology,urology.UNIT IV OPTICAL TOMOGRAPHY 9Optical coherence tomography, Elastrography, Doppler optical coherence tomography,Application towards clinical imaging.UNIT V SPECIAL OPTICAL TECHNIQUES 9Near field imaging of biological structures, in vitro clinical diagnostic, fluorescentspectroscopy, photodynamic therapy. TOTAL : 45 PERIODSTEXT BOOKS 1. Tuan Vo Dirh, “Biomedical photonics – Handbook”, CRC Press, Bocaraton, 2003 2. Mark E. Brezinski., Optical Coherence Tomography: Principles and Applications,Academic Press, 2006. 62
  • 63. REFERENCES:1. Leon Goldman, M.D., & R. James Rockwell, Jr., “Lasers in Medicine”, Gordon and Breach, Science Publishers Inc., New York, 19712. R. Splinter and B.A Hooper, An Introduction to BioMedical Optics,Taylor and Francis,2007.BM2404 DIGITAL IMAGE PROCESSING LTPC 3 003AIMTo study the image processing techniquesOBJECTIVE  To study the image fundamentals and image transforms  To study the image enhancement techniques  To study the image restoration procedures  To study the image compression proceduresUNIT I DIGITAL IMAGE FUNDAMENTAL 9Elements of digital image processing systems - Elements of visual perception – imagesampling and quantization – basic relationships between pixels - matrix and singular valuerepresentation of discrete images.UNIT II IMAGE TRANSFORMS 91-D DFT - 2-D DFT – DCT – DST – Walsh - Hadamard – Haar – Slant – KL – SVD andtheir properties.UNIT III IMAGE ENHANCEMENT 9Gray level transformation – Histogram processing – enhancement using arithmetic/logicoperation – spatial filtering – smoothening and sharpening spatial filter – smoothening infrequency domain filter – homomorphic filteringUNIT IV IMAGE RESTORATION AND RECOGNITION 9Image degradation models – unconstrained and constrained restoration – inverse filtering– LMS filter – geometric mean filter – geometric transformation – pattern classes – optimalstatistical classifier – neural networks and its uses in image processing.UNIT V IMAGE COMPRESSION 9Image compression models – elements of information theory – error free compression –lossy compression – run-length – Huffman coding – shift codes – arithmetic coding – bitplane coding – transform coding – JPEG standards – MPEG standards - wavelettransform – predictive techniques – block truncation coding schemes – facet modeling.Image segmentation – detection of discontinuities – edge linking and boundary detection –thresholding – region based segmentation – segmentation by morphological watersheds –use of motion in segmentation. 63
  • 64. TEXT BOOKS:1) Rafel C. Gonzalez and Richard E. Woods, “Digital Image Processing" Pearson education, 2007.2) Anil K. Jain, “Fundamentals of Digital Image Processing”, PHI, 1997REFERENCES:1. Willian K. Pratt, “Digital Image Processing”, John Wiley, NJ, 1987.2. Sid Ahmed M. A., “Image Processing Theory, Algorithm and Architectures”, McGraw Hill, 19953. Scott E. C. Umbaugh, “Computer Vision and Image Processing”, Prentice Hall, Eaglewood Cliffs, NJ, 1998.BM2406 DIGITAL IMAGE PROCESSING LAB LTPC 0 032 1. Display of Grayscale Images. 2. Histogram Equalization. 3. Non-linear Filtering. 4. Edge detection using Operators. 5. 2-D DFT and DCT. 6. Filtering in frequency domain. 7. Display of color images. 8. conversion between color spaces. 9. DWT of images. 10. Segmentation using watershed transform.REFERENCE:Rafael C. Gonzalez, Richard E. Woods, Steven Eddins, Digital Image Processing usingMATLAB, Pearson Education, Inc., 2004. TOTAL : 60 PERIODSBM2021 BIOFLUIDS AND DYNAMICS LTPC 3 003UNIT I 10BIO-FLUID MECHANICS: Newton’s laws, Stress, Strain, Elasticity, Hooks-law, viscosity,Newtonian fluid, Non-Newtonian fluid, Viscoelastic fluids, vascular tree, Relationshipbetween diameter, velocity and pressure of blood flow, Resistance against flow.BIOVISCOELASTIC FLUID: Viscoelasticity - Viscoelastic models, Maxwell, Voigt andKelvin Models, Response to Harmonic variation, Use of viscoelastic models, Bio-Viscoelastic fluids: Protoplasm, Mucus, Saliva, Synovial fluids.UNIT II 10FLOW PROPERTIES OF BLOOD: Physical, Chemical and Rheological properties ofblood. Apparent and relative viscosity, Blood viscosity variation: Effect of shear rate,hematocrit, temperature, protein contents of blood. Casson’s equation, Problemsassociated with extracorporeal blood flow. RHEOLOGY OF BLOOD IN MICROVESSELS:Fahraeus -Lindquist effect and inverse effect, distribution of suspended particles in anarrow rigid tube. Nature of red blood cells in tightly fitting tubes, hematocrit in very narrowtube. 64
  • 65. UNIT III 9CARDIAC MECHANICS: Cardiovascular system. Mechanical properties of blood vessels:arteries, arterioles, capillaries and veins. Blood flow: Laminar andTurbulent, Physics of cardiovascular diseases, Prosthetic heart valves and replacements.RESPIRATORY MECHANICS: Alveoli mechanics, Interaction of Blood and Lung P-Vcurve of Lung: Breathing mechanism, Airway resistance, Physics of Lung diseases.UNIT IV 8SOFT TISSUE MECHANICS: Pseudo elasticity, non-linear stress-strain relationship,Viscoelasticity, Structure, function and mechanical properties of skin, ligaments andtendons.UNIT V 8ORTHOPEDIC MECHANICS: Mechanical properties of cartilage, diffusion properties ofArticular cartilage, mechanical properties of bone, kinetics and kinematics of joints,lubrication of joints.TEXT BOOKS:1. Y.C Fung, Biomechanics- Mechanical properties of living tissues,2nd ed, Springer- Verlag, 1993.2. D.O Cooney, Biomedical engineering Principles. Marcel Dekker, INC New York.1976.REFERENCE:1. Silver Frederick H. Biomaterials, Medical Devices & Tissue Engineering: Chapman & Hall, London, 19942. Biomechanics by Nihanth ozkai, D.A Mc Donald, Blood flow in arteries, Edward Arnold ltd, 1998BM 2022 BIOMETRIC SYSTEM LTPC 300 3UNIT I BIOMETRIC FUNDAMENTALS 9Key Biometric terms and Processes – Definitions-verification and identification – matching,Accuracy in Biometric Systems – False match rate - False nonmatch rate - Failure toenroll rate – Derived metrics - An Introduction to Biometric Authentication Systems- ataxonomy of application environment, a system model, biometrics and privacy.UNIT II FINGERPRINT IDENTIFICATION TECHNOLOGY 9History, Components, Application of Fingerprints, The Technology- Finger Scan Strengthsand Weaknesses, Criminal Applications, Civil Applications, Commercial Applications,Technology Evaluation of Fingerprint Verification Algorithms.UNIT III IRIS RECOGNITION 9Introduction, Anatomical and Physiological underpinnings, Components, Sensing, IrisScan Representation and Matching, Iris Scan Strengths and Weaknesses, SystemPerformance, Future Directions. 65
  • 66. UNIT IV FACE RECOGNITION 9Introduction, components, Facial Scan Technologies, Face Detection, Face Recognition-Representation and Classification, Kernel- based Methods and 3D Models, Learning theFace Spare, Facial Scan Strengths and Weaknesses, Methods for assessing progress inFace Recognition.UNIT V VOICE SCAN 9Introduction, Components, Features and Models, Addition Method for managingVariability, Measuring Performance, Alternative Approaches, Voice Scan Strengths andWeaknesses, NIST Speaker Recognition Evaluation Program, Biometric SystemIntegration.TEXT BOOKS:1. James Wayman & Anil Jain, Biometric Systems – Technology, Design and Performance Evaluation, Springer-verlag London Ltd, USA, 20052. Sanir Nanavati, Michael Thieme, Biometrics Identity Verification in a Networked world, Wiley Computer Publishing Ltd, New Delhi,2003.REFERENCE:1. John D. Woodword Jr., Biometrics, Dreamtech Press, New Delhi,2003.CS2068 DATA STRUCTURES AND OBJECT ORIENTED PROGRAMMING LTPC 3003UNIT I PRINCIPLES OF OBJECT ORIENTED PROGRAMMING 9Introduction- Tokens-Expressions-contour Structures –Functions in C++, classes andobjects, constructors and destructors ,operators overloading and type conversions .UNIT II ADVANCED OBJECT ORIENTED PROGRAMMING 9Inheritance, Extending classes, Pointers, Virtual functions and polymorphism, FileHandling Templates ,Exception handling, Manipulating strings.UNIT III DATA STRUCTURES & ALGORITHMS 9Algorithm, Analysis, Lists, Stacks and queues, Priority queues-Binary Heap-Application,Heaps, skew heaps, Binomial –hashing-hash tables without linked listsUNIT IV NONLINEAR DATA STRUCTURES 9Trees-Binary trees, search tree ADT, AVL trees splay Trees, B-trees, Sets and maps instandard Library, Graph Algorithms-Topological sort, shortest path algorithm network flowproblems-minimum spanning tree applications of depth-first-search-Introduction to NP -completeness.UNIT V SORTING AND SEARCHING 9Sorting – Insertion sort, Shell sort, Heap sort, Merge sort, Quick sort, Indirect sorting,Bucket sort, External sorting, Disjoint set class, Algorithm Design Techniques –Greedyalgorithm, Divide and Conquer, Dynamic Programming, Randomized Algorithm, Backtracking algorithm. TOTAL : 45 PERIODS 66
  • 67. TEXT BOOKS:1. Mark Allen Weiss, “Data Structures and Algorithm Analysis in C”, 3rd ed, Pearson Education Asia, 2007.2. E. Balagurusamy, “ Object Oriented Programming with C++”, McGraw Hill Company Ltd., 2007.REFERENCES:1. Michael T. Goodrich, “Data Structures and Algorithm Analysis in C++”, Wiley student edition, 2007.2. Sahni, “Data Structures Using C++”, The McGraw-Hill, 20063. Sourav Sahay, object oriented programming with C++, Oxford University Press, New Delhi,2006.4. Seymour, “Data Structures”, The McGraw-Hill, 2007.EC2303 COMPUTER ARCHITECTURE AND ORGANIZATION LTPC 3 003UNIT I INTRODUCTION 9Computing and Computers, Evolution of Computers, VLSI Era, System Design - RegisterLevel, Processor Level, CPU Organization, Data Representation, Fixed – Point Numbers,Floating Point Numbers, Instruction Formats, Instruction Types. Addressing modes.UNIT II DATA PATH DESIGN 9Fixed Point Arithmetic, Addition, Subtraction, Multiplication and Division, Combinationaland Sequential ALUs, Carry look ahead adder, Robertson algorithm, booth’s algorithm,non-restoring division algorithm, Floating Point Arithmetic, Coprocessor, PipelineProcessing, Pipeline Design, Modified booth’s AlgorithmUNIT III CONTROL DESIGN 9Hardwired Control, Microprogrammed Control, Multiplier Control Unit, CPU Control Unit,Pipeline Control, Instruction Pipelines, Pipeline Performance, Superscalar Processing,Nano Programming.UNIT IV MEMORY ORGANIZATION 9Random Access Memories, Serial - Access Memories, RAM Interfaces, Magnetic SurfaceRecording, Optical Memories, multilevel memories, Cache & Virtual Memory, MemoryAllocation, Associative Memory.UNIT V SYSTEM ORGANIZATION 9Communication methods, Buses, Bus Control, Bus Interfacing, Bus arbitration, IO andsystem control, IO interface circuits, Handshaking, DMA and interrupts, vectoredinterrupts, PCI interrupts, pipeline interrupts, IOP organization, operation systems,multiprocessors, fault tolerance, RISC and CISC processors, Superscalar and vectorprocessor. TOTAL : 45 PERIODS 67
  • 68. TEXTBOOKS:1. John P.Hayes, ‘Computer architecture and Organisation’, Tata McGraw-Hill, Third Edition, 1998.2. V.Carl Hamacher, Zvonko G. Varanesic and Safat G. Zaky, “ Computer Organisation“, V edition, McGraw-Hill Inc, 1996.REFERENCES:1. Morris Mano, “Computer System Architecture”, Prentice-Hall of India, 2000. Paraami, “Computer Architecture”, BEH R002, Oxford Press.2 .P.Pal Chaudhuri, , “Computer organization and design”, 2nd Ed., Prentice Hall of India, 2007. 3. G.Kane & J.Heinrich, ‘ MIPS RISC Architecture ‘, Englewood cliffs, New Jersey, Prentice Hall, 1992.GE2071 INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY RIGHTS (IPR) LT PC 3 00 3UNIT I 5Introduction – Invention and Creativity – Intellectual Property (IP) – Importance –Protection of IPR – Basic types of property (i). Movable Property ii. Immovable Propertyand iii. Intellectual Property.UNIT II 10IP – Patents – Copyrights and related rights – Trade Marks and rights arising fromTrademark registration – Definitions – Industrial Designs and Integrated circuits –Protection of Geographical Indications at national and International levels – ApplicationProcedures..UNIT III 10International convention relating to Intellectual Property – Establishment of WIPO –Mission and Activities – History – General Agreement on Trade and Tariff (GATT).UNIT IV 10Indian Position Vs WTO and Strategies – Indian IPR legislations – commitments to WTO-Patent Ordinance and the Bill – Draft of a national Intellectual Property Policy – Presentagainst unfair competition.UNIT V 10Case Studies on – Patents (Basumati rice, turmeric, Neem, etc.) – Copyright and relatedrights – Trade Marks – Industrial design and Integrated circuits – Geographic indications –Protection against unfair competition. TOTAL: 45 PERIODSTEXT BOOKS:1. Subbaram N.R. “Handbook of Indian Patent Law and Practice “, S. Viswanathan Printers and Publishers Pvt. Ltd., 1998. 68
  • 69. REFERENCES:1. Eli Whitney, United States Patent Number: 72X, Cotton Gin, March 14, 1794.2. Intellectual Property Today: Volume 8, No. 5, May 2001, [].3. Using the Internet for non-patent prior art searches, Derwent IP Matters, July 2000. INDIAN CONSTITUTION AND SOCIETY LTPC 3003UNIT I 9Historical Background – Constituent Assembly of India – Philosophical foundations of theIndian Constitution – Preamble – Fundamental Rights – Directive Principles of State Policy– Fundamental Duties – Citizenship – Constitutional Remedies for citizens.UNIT II 9Union Government – Structures of the Union Government and Functions – President –Vice President – Prime Minister – Cabinet – Parliament – Supreme Court of India –Judicial Review.UNIT III 9State Government – Structure and Functions – Governor – Chief Minister – Cabinet –State Legislature – Judicial System in States – High Courts and other Subordinate Courts.UNIT IV 9Indian Federal System – Center – State Relations – President’s Rule – ConstitutionalAmendments – Constitutional Functionaries - Assessment of working of the ParliamentarySystem in India.UNIT V 9Society : Nature, Meaning and definition; Indian Social Structure; Caste, Religion,Language in India; Constitutional Remedies for citizens – Political Parties and PressureGroups; Right of Women, Children and Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes andother Weaker Sections. TOTAL: 45 PERIODSTEXT BOOKS:1. Durga Das Basu, “ Introduction to the Constitution of India “, Prentice Hall of India, New Delhi.2. R.C.Agarwal, (1997) “Indian Political System”, S.Chand and Company, New Delhi.3. Maciver and Page, “ Society: An Introduction Analysis “, Mac Milan India Ltd., New Delhi.4. K.L.Sharma, (1997) “Social Stratification in India: Issues and Themes”, Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi. 69
  • 70. REFERENCES:1. Sharma, Brij Kishore, “ Introduction to the Constitution of India:, Prentice Hall of India, New Delhi.2. U.R.Gahai, “Indian Political System “, New Academic Publishing House, Jalaendhar.3. R.N. Sharma, “Indian Social Problems “, Media Promoters and Publishers Pvt. Ltd.BM2023 PHYSIOLOGICAL MODELLING LTPC 300 3UNIT I PROPERTIES OF SYSTEMS AND ELECTRICAL ANALOG 9System concept, system properties – Resistance, storage, resistance – compliance, piece-wise linear approximation, electrical analog for compliance, thermal storage, stepresponse of first order systems – resistance- compliance systems, and pulse response offirst order systemsUNIT II TRANSFER FUNCTIONS 9Transfer functions and its use, Study of transfer function of first order and second ordersystems, engineering concept in coupled system, example of Transformed signals.UNIT III IMPEDANCE CONCEPT 9Transfer functions with impedance concept, prediction of performance, identification of thesystem from impedance function, periodic signals, relationship between transfer functionand sinusoidal response, evaluation of transfer function from frequency response.UNIT IV FEEDBACK SYSTEMS 9Characteristics of physiological feedback systems, stability analysis of systems.UNIT V SIMULATION OF BIOLOGICAL SYSTEMS 9Simulation of thermal regulation, pressure and flow control in circulation, occulo motorsystem, endocrinal system, functioning of receptors. TOTAL : 45PERIODSREFERENCES1. William B.Blesser, “ System approach to Bio-medicine”, McGraw-Hill book co., New York, 1969.2. Manfred Clynes and John H.Milsum, “Bio-medical engineering system”, McGraw-Hill book co., NewYork, 1970.3. Michael C.K. Khoo,” Physiological Control Systems -Analysis, Simulation and Estimation” Prentice Hall of India Pvt. Ltd., New Delhi, 20014. Douglas S.Regs, “Control theory and physiological feedback mechanism”, The William & Williams co., Baltimore, 1970.***** 70
  • 71. BM2024 BIOINFORMATICS LTPC 3 003UNIT I BIOINFORMATICS 9Introduction, Overview of structural Bioinforamtics ; Characteristics, Categories,Navigation and information retrieval of Bioinformatics databases,UNIT II DATABASES 9Description and Organisation of Sequence, Structure and Other databases; DatabaseWarehousing and data mining in Bioinformatics.UNIT III TOOLS 9Need for tools, Knowledge discovery, Industry trends and data mining tools; Datasubmission tools, Data analysis tools, Prediction tools and modeling tools.UNIT IV MACHINE LEARNING IN BIOINFORMATICS 9Neural network, Genetic and fuzzy logic applications in Bioinformaitcs; Modeling forBioinformatics – Hidden Markov, Comparative, probabilistic and molecular modelingUNIT V ALGORITHMS 9Classification algorithms, implementing algorithms , biological algorithms, bioinformaticstasks and corresponding algorithms and algorithms and bioinformatics software; Dataanalysis algorithms – Sequence comparison, Substitution matrices and sequencealignment optimal algorithm; Prediction algorithms – Gene prediction, Phylogeneticprediction and protein structure prediction algorithms.TEXT BOOKS:1. Orpita Bosu and Simminder Kaur Thukral, Bioinformatics Databases, Tools and Algorithms, Oxford University press, New Delhi, 2007.2. Yi – Ping Phoebe Chen, Bioinformatics Technolgies, Springer International Edition, New Delhi, 2007.REFERENCES:1. Harshawardhan P.Bal, Bioinformatics principles and applications, TataMcGraw Hill Publishing Company Ltd, New Delhi, 2007.2. Kenneth Baclawski, Tianhua Niu, Bioinformatics, Jaico Publishing House, Delhi, 2007.3. Lukas K. Beehler and Hooman H. Rashidi, Bioinformatics basics Applications in biological science and medicine, Taylor and Francis Group, 2005,EC2352 COMPUTER NETWORKS LTPC 300 3AIMTo introduce the concept, terminologies, and technologies used in modern datacommunication and computer networking. 71
  • 72. OBJECTIVES 1. To introduce the students the functions of different layers. 2. To introduce IEEE standard employed in computer networking. 3. To make students to get familiarized with different protocols and network components.UNIT I PHYSICAL LAYER 9Data Communications – Networks - Networks models – OSI model – Layers in OSI model– TCP / IP protocol suite – Addressing – Guided and Unguided Transmission mediaSwitching: Circuit switched networks – Data gram Networks – Virtual circuit networksCable networks for Data transmission: Dialup modems – DSL – Cable TV – Cable TV forData transfer.UNIT II DATA LINK LAYER 10Data link control: Framing – Flow and error control –Protocols for Noiseless and NoisyChannels – HDLCMultiple access: Random access – Controlled accessWired LANS : Ethernet – IEEE standards – standard Ethernet – changes in the standard –Fast Ethernet – Gigabit Ethernet.Wireless LANS : IEEE 802.11–Bluetooth.Connecting LANS: Connecting devices - Backbone networks - Virtual LANSVirtual circuit networks: Architecture and Layers of Frame Relay and ATM.UNIT III NETWORK LAYER 9Logical addressing: IPv4, IPv6 addressesInternet Protocol: Internetworking – IPv4, IPv6 - Address mapping – ARP, RARP, BOOTP,DHCP, ICMP, IGMP, Delivery - Forwarding - Routing – Unicast, Multicast routingprotocols.UNIT IV TRANSPORT LAYER 7Process-to-Process delivery - User Datagram Protocol (UDP) – Transmission ControlProtocol (TCP) – Congestion Control – Quality of services (QoS) – Techniques to improveQoS.UNIT V APPLICATION LAYER 10Domain Name System (DNS) – E-mail – FTP – WWW – HTTP – MultimediaNetwork Security: Cryptography – Symmetric key and Public Key algorithms - Digitalsignature – Management of Public keys – Communication Security – AuthenticationProtocols. TOTAL : 45PERIODSTEXT BOOKS1. Behrouz A. Foruzan, “Data communication and Networking”, Tata McGraw-Hill,: Unit I – IV, 2006.2. Andrew S. Tannenbaum, “Computer Networks”, Pearson Education, Fourth Edition, : Unit V, 2003. 72
  • 73. REFERENCES:1. Wayne Tomasi, “Introduction to Data Communication and Networking”, 1/e, Pearson Education.2. James .F. Kurouse & W. Rouse, “Computer Networking: A Topdown Approach Featuring”,3/e, Pearson Education.3. C.Sivaram Murthy, B.S.Manoj, “Ad hoc Wireless Networks – Architecture and Protocols”, Second Edition, Pearson Education.4. Greg Tomshon, Ed Tittel, David Johnson. “Guide to Networking Essentials”, fifth edition, Thomson India Learning, 2007.5. William Stallings, “Data and Computer Communication”, Eighth Edition, Pearson Education, 2000.CS2069 COMPUTER HARDWARE, INTERFACING LTPC AND INSTRUMENTATION 3 00 3UNIT I INTEL ADVANCED PROCESSORS 780186, 80286- Architecture, Programming enhancements, 80c188EB interfacingUNIT II INTEL 80386, 80486 PROCESSOR 1080386- Introduction, Special 80386 registers, Memory management, Protected mode,virtual 8086 mode, memory paging mechanism, 80486 Microprocessor – Introduction andarchitecture.UNIT III PENTIUM PROCESSORS 10Pentium Architecture- Memory Management- New Pentium instructions - Pentium Promicroprocessors - Pentium II, Pentium III, Pentium 4- Special Features and Softwarechanges.UNIT IV PC HARDWARE OVERVIEW 10Functional Units & Interconnection, New Generation Mother Boards 286 to Pentium 4 BusInterface- ISA- EISA- VESA- PCI- PCIX., Memory and I/O Port Addresses, PeripheralInterfaces and Controller.UNIT V PC BASED DATA ACQUISITION 8Plug-in data acquisition and control boards and programming – ADC, DAC, Digital I/Oboard and Timing board, Serial port and parallel port programming. Data acquisition andprogramming using serial interfaces – PC and microcontroller serial ports, USB and IEEE1394. TOTAL : 45 PERIODSTEXTBOOKS:1. B.B.Brey The Intel Microprocessor 8086/8088/80186/80188,80286,80386, 80486 Pentium, Pentium Pro, PII, PIII & IV Archietecture, Programming & Interfacing, Pearson India, 2007.2. B.Govindarajulu, IBM PC and clones Hardware, Trouble Shooting and Maintenance, Second Edition, Tata McGraw Hill, New Delhi, 2005.3. N.Mathivanan, PC-Based Instrumentation concepts and practice, Prentice Hall of India, New Delhi, 2007. 73
  • 74. REFERENCES:1. Douglas V.Hall, Microprocessor and Interfacing, Programming and Hardware. Revised second Edition, Indian edition, Tata McGraw Hill, New Delhi, 2007.2. A.K.Ray, K.M. Bhurchandi, “Advanced microprocessors and peripherals”, II Edition, Tata McGraw Hill 2006.BM2027 REFRIGERATION AND AIR CONDITIONING LTPC 3 003UNIT I REFRIGERATION CYCLES & REFRIGERANTS 9Vapour Compression Refrigeration Cycle-Simple saturated vapour compressionRefrigeration cycle.Thermodynamic analysis of the above. Refrigerant Classification,Designation, Alternate Refrigerants, Global Warming Potential & Ozone DepletingPotential aspects.UNIT II SYSTEM COMPONENTS 9Refrigerant Compressors - Reciprocating Open & Hermetic type, Screw Compressors andScroll Compressors -Construction and Operation characteristics. Evaporators - DX coil,Flooded type Chillers Expansion devices -Automatic Expansion Valves, Capillary Tuber &Thermostatic Expansion Valves. Condensing Units and Cooling Towers.UNIT III CYCLING CONTROLS AND SYSTEM BALANCING 9Pressure and Temperature controls. Range and Differential settings. Selection andbalancing of system components - Graphical method.UNIT IV PSYCHROMETRY 9Moist air behaviour, Psychrometric chart, Different Psychrometric process analysis.UNIT V AIR CONDITIONING 9Summer and Winter Airconditioning, Cooling Load Calculations, Air Distribution Patterns,Dynamic and Frictional Losses in Air Ducts, Equal Friction Method, Fan Characteristics inDuct Systems. TOTAL : 45 PERIODSTEXT BOOK:1. W.F.Stocker and J.W.Jones, "Refrigeration & Air Conditioning " McGraw Hill Book CompXany, 1985.REFERENCES:1. R.J.Dossat, "Principles of Refrigeration ", John Wiley and Sons Inc., 2 ed, 2003.2. Dr.S.S.Thipse, “Refrigeration and Air Conditioning”, Jaico Publishing House, 2007.3. Manohar Prasad, "Refrigeration and Air Conditioning ", Wiley Eastern Ltd., 1995. 74
  • 75. GE2022 TOTAL QUALITY MANAGEMENT L T PC 3 0 0 3UNIT I INTRODUCTION 9Introduction - Need for quality - Evolution of quality - Definition of quality - Dimensions ofmanufacturing and service quality - Basic concepts of TQM - Definition of TQM – TQMFramework - Contributions of Deming, Juran and Crosby – Barriers to TQM.UNIT II TQM PRINCIPLES 9Leadership – Strategic quality planning, Quality statements - Customer focus – Customerorientation, Customer satisfaction, Customer complaints, Customer retention - Employeeinvolvement – Motivation, Empowerment, Team and Teamwork, Recognition and Reward,Performance appraisal - Continuous process improvement – PDSA cycle, 5s, Kaizen -Supplier partnership – Partnering, Supplier selection, Supplier Rating.UNIT III TQM TOOLS & TECHNIQUES I 9The seven traditional tools of quality – New management tools – Six-sigma: Concepts,methodology, applications to manufacturing, service sector including IT – Bench marking –Reason to bench mark, Bench marking process – FMEA – Stages, Types.UNIT IV TQM TOOLS & TECHNIQUES II 9Quality circles – Quality Function Deployment (QFD) – Taguchi quality loss function –TPM – Concepts, improvement needs – Cost of Quality – Performance measures.UNIT IV QUALITY SYSTEMS 9Need for ISO 9000- ISO 9000-2000 Quality System – Elements, Documentation, Qualityauditing- QS 9000 – ISO 14000 – Concepts, Requirements and Benefits – Case studies ofTQM implementation in manufacturing and service sectors including IT. TOTAL : 45 PERIODSTEXT BOOK:1. Dale H.Besterfiled, et at., “Total Quality Management”, Pearson Education Asia, 3rd Edition, Indian Reprint (2006).REFERENCES:1. James R. Evans and William M. Lindsay, “The Management and Control of Quality”, 6th Edition, South-Western (Thomson Learning), 2005.2. Oakland, J.S., “TQM – Text with Cases”, Butterworth – Heinemann Ltd., Oxford, 3rd Edition, 2003.3. Suganthi,L and Anand Samuel, “Total Quality Management”, Prentice Hall (India) Pvt. Ltd.,2006.4. Janakiraman, B and Gopal, R.K, “Total Quality Management – Text and Cases”, Prentice Hall (India) Pvt. Ltd., 2006. 75
  • 76. EC2038 NANO ELECTRONICS LTPC 300 3UNIT I INTRODUCTION TO NANOTECHNOLOGY 9Background to nanotechnology: Types of nanotechnology and nanomachines – periodictable – atomic structure – molecules and phases – energy – molecular and atomic size –surface and dimensional space – top down and bottom up; Molecular Nanotechnology:Electron microscope – scanning electron microscope – atomic force microscope –scanning tunnelling microscope – nanomanipulator – nanotweezers – atom manipulation –nanodots – self assembly – dip pen nanolithography. Nanomaterials: preparation – plasmaarcing – chemical vapor deposition – sol-gels – electrodeposition – ball milling –applications of nanomaterials;UNIT II FUNDAMENTALS OF NANOELECTRONICS 9Fundamentals of logic devices:- Requirements – dynamic properties – threshold gates;physical limits to computations; concepts of logic devices:- classifications – two terminaldevices – field effect devices – coulomb blockade devices – spintronics – quantum cellularautomata – quantum computing – DNA computer; performance of information processingsystems;- basic binary operations, measure of performance processing capability ofbiological neurons – performance estimation for the human brain. Ultimate computation:-power dissipation limit – dissipation in reversible computation – the ultimate computer.UNIT III SILICON MOSFETs & QUANTUM TRANSPORT DEVICES 9Silicon MOSFETS - Novel materials and alternate concepts:- fundamentals of MOSFETDevices- scaling rules – silicon-dioxide based gate dielectrics – metal gates – junctions &contacts – advanced MOSFET concepts.Quantum transport devices based on resonant tunneling:- Electron tunneling – resonanttunneling diodes – resonant tunneling devices; Single electron devices for logicapplications:- Single electron devices – applications of single electron devices to logiccircuits.UNIT IV CARBON NANOTUBES 9Carbon Nanotube: Fullerenes - types of nanotubes – formation of nanotubes – assemblies– purification of carbon nanotubes – electronic propertics – synthesis of carbon nanotubes– carbon nanotube interconnects – carbon nanotube FETs – Nanotube for memoryapplications – prospects of an all carbon nanotube nanoelectronics.UNIT V MOLECULAR ELECTRONICS 9Electrodes & contacts – functions – molecular electronic devices – first test systems –simulation and circuit design – fabrication; Future applications: MEMS – robots – randomaccess memory – mass storage devices. TOTAL: 45 Hrs.TEXTBOOKS:1. Michael Wilson, Kamali Kannangara, Geoff Smith, Michelle Simmons and Burkhard Raguse, Nanotechnology: Basic Science and Emerging Technologies, Chapman & Hall / CRC, 20022. T. Pradeep, NANO: The Essentials – Understanding Nanoscience and Nanotechnology, TMH, 20073. Rainer Waser (Ed.), Nanoelectronics and Information Technology: Advanced Electronic Materials and Novel Devices, Wiley-VCH, 2003 76
  • 77. BM 2029 BIOMEMS LTPC 3 003UNIT I MEMS AND MICROSYSTEMS 9Typical MEMs and Microsystems, , materials for MEMS - active substrate materials-Silicon and its compounds, Silicon piezoresistors, Gallium Arsenide, quartz, polymers.Micromachining- photolithography, thin film deposition, doping, etching, bulk machining,wafer bonding, LIGAUNIT II MICROSENSORS AND ACUATORS 9Mechanics for MEMs design- static bending of thin plates,mechanical vibration,thermomechanics, fracture and thin film mechanics. Mechanical sensors and actuators –beam and cantilever – microplates, strain, pressure and flow measurements, gyroscope,piezoactuator.Thermal sensors and actuators- micromachined thermocouple probe, Peltiereffect hat pumps, thermal flow sensorsUNIT III MICRO OPTO ELECTRO MECHANICAL SYSTEMS 9Fundamental principle of MOEMS technology, light modulators, beam splitter, microlens,digital micromirror devices, light detectors, grating light valve, optical switchUNIT IV MICROFLUIDIC SYSTEMS 9Fluid dynamics, continuity equation, momentum equation, equation of motion, laminar flowin circular conduits, fluid flow in microconduits, in submicrometer and nanoscale.Microscale fluid, expression for liquid flow in a channel, fluid actuation methods,dielectriophoresis, microfluid dispenser, microneedle, micropumps-continuous flow systemUNIT V BIOMEMS 9CAD for MEMs, Drug delivery, micro total analysis systems (MicroTAS) detection andmeasurement methods, microsystem approaches to polymerase chain reaction (PCR),DNA hybridizationTEXT BOOKS:1. Nitaigour Premchand Mahalik, “ MEMS”, Tata McGraw Hill Publishing Company, New Delhi, 20072. Tai Ran Hsu , “MEMS and Microsystems design and manufacture”, Tata McGraw Hill Publishing Company, New Delhi, 20023. Wanjun Wang, Stephen A.Soper,”BioMEMs: Technologies and applications”, CRC Press, New York, 2007BM2025 ASSIST DEVICES LTPC 300 3AIMTo understand functioning and usage of electromechanical units which will restore normalfunctional ability of particular organ which is defective temporarily or permanently. 77
  • 78. OBJECTIVES To study various mechanical techniques that will help failing heart. To study the functioning of the unit which does the clearance of urea from the blood. To understand the tests to assess the hearing loss and development of electronic devices to compensate for the loss. To study the various orthodic devices and prosthetic devices to overcome orthopaedic problems. To understand electrical stimulation techniques used in clinical applications.UNIT I CARDIAC ASSIST DEVICES 9Principle of External counter pulsation techniques, intra aortic balloon pump, Auxillaryventricle and schematic for temporary bypass of left ventricle, prosthetic heart valves.UNIT II HEMODIALYSERS 9Artificial kidney, Dialysis action, hemodialyser unit, membrane dialysis, portable dialysermonitoring and functional parameters.UNIT III HEARING AIDS 9Common tests – audiograms, airconduction, boneconduction, masking techniques, SISI,Hearing aids – principles, drawbacks in the conventional unit, DSP based hearing aids.UNIT IV PROSTHETIC AND ORTHODIC DEVICES 9Hand and arm replacement – different types of models, externally powered limbprosthesis, feedback in orthodic system, functional electrical stimulation, sensory assistdevices.UNIT V RECENT TRENDS 9Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulator, bio-feedback. TOTAL : 45 PERIODSTEXT BOOKS:1. Levine S.N. (ed), “Advances in Bio-medical engineering and Medical physics”, Vol. I, II, IV, inter university publications, New York, 1968 (Unit I, IV, V).2. Kopff W.J, “Artificial Organs”, John Wiley and sons, New York, 1976. (Unit II ).3. Albert M.Cook and Webster J.G, “Therapeutic Medical Devices”, Prentice Hall Inc., New Jersey, 1982 (Unit III).EC2354 VLSI DESIGN LTPC 300 3AIMTo introduce the technology, design concepts and testing of Very Large Scale IntegratedCircuits.OBJECTIVES To learn the basic CMOS circuits. To learn the CMOS process technology. To learn techniques of chip design using programmable devices. To learn the concepts of designing VLSI subsystems. To learn the concepts of modeling a digital system using Hardware Description Language. 78
  • 79. UNIT I CMOS TECHNOLOGY 9A brief History-MOS transistor, Ideal I-V characteristics, C-V characteristics, Non ideal I-Veffects, DC transfer characteristics - CMOS technologies, Layout design Rules, CMOSprocess enhancements, Technology related CAD issues, Manufacturing issuesUNIT II CIRCUIT CHARACTERIZATION AND SIMULATION 9Delay estimation, Logical effort and Transistor sizing, Power dissipation, Interconnect,Design margin, Reliability, Scaling- SPICE tutorial, Device models, Devicecharacterization, Circuit characterization, Interconnect simulationUNIT III COMBINATIONAL AND SEQUENTIAL CIRCUIT DESIGN 9Circuit families –Low power logic design – comparison of circuit families – Sequencingstatic circuits, circuit design of latches and flip flops, Static sequencing elementmethodology- sequencing dynamic circuits – synchronizersUNIT IV CMOS TESTING 9Need for testing- Testers, Text fixtures and test programs- Logic verification- Silicon debugprinciples- Manufacturing test – Design for testability – Boundary scanUNIT V SPECIFICATION USING VERILOG HDL 9Basic concepts- identifiers- gate primitives, gate delays, operators, timing controls,procedural assignments conditional statements, Data flow and RTL, structural gate levelswitch level modeling, Design hierarchies, Behavioral and RTL modeling, Test benches,Structural gate level description of decoder, equality detector, comparator, priorityencoder, half adder, full adder, Ripple carry adder, D latch and D flip flop. TOTAL : 45 PERIODSTEXTBOOKS:1. Weste and Harris: CMOS VLSI DESIGN (Third edition) Pearson Education, 20052. Uyemura J.P: Introduction to VLSI circuits and systems, Wiley 2002REFERENCES:1 D.A Pucknell & K.Eshraghian Basic VLSI Design, Third edition, PHI, 20032 Wayne Wolf, Modern VLSI design, Pearson Education, 20033 M.J.S.Smith: Application specific integrated circuits, Pearson Education, 19974 J.Bhasker: Verilog HDL primer, BS publication,20015 Ciletti Advanced Digital Design with the Verilog HDL, Prentice Hall of India, 2003GE2025 PROFESSIONAL ETHICS IN ENGINEERING LTPC 3003UNIT I ENGINEERING ETHICS 9Senses of ‘Engineering Ethics’ – Variety of moral issues – Types of inquiry – Moraldilemmas – Moral Autonomy – Kohlberg’s theory – Gilligan’s theory – Consensus andControversy – Professions and Professionalism – Professional Ideals and Virtues – Usesof Ethical Theories 79
  • 80. UNIT II ENGINEERING AS SOCIAL EXPERIMENTATION 9Engineering as Experimentation – Engineers as responsible Experimenters – ResearchEthics - Codes of Ethics – Industrial Standards - A Balanced Outlook on Law – TheChallenger Case StudyUNIT III ENGINEER’S RESPONSIBILITY FOR SAFETY 9Safety and Risk – Assessment of Safety and Risk – Risk Benefit Analysis – Reducing Risk– The Government Regulator’s Approach to Risk - Chernobyl Case Studies and BhopalUNIT IV RESPONSIBILITIES AND RIGHTS 9Collegiality and Loyalty – Respect for Authority – Collective Bargaining – Confidentiality –Conflicts of Interest – Occupational Crime – Professional Rights – Employee Rights –Intellectual Property Rights (IPR) - DiscriminationUNIT V GLOBAL ISSUES 9Multinational Corporations – Business Ethics - Environmental Ethics – Computer Ethics -Role in Technological Development – Weapons Development – Engineers as Managers –Consulting Engineers – Engineers as Expert Witnesses and Advisors – Honesty – MoralLeadership – Sample Code of Conduct TOTAL : 45 PERIODSTEXT BOOKS :1. Mike Martin and Roland Schinzinger, “Ethics in Engineering”, McGraw Hill, New York, 2005.2. Charles E Harris, Michael S Pritchard and Michael J Rabins, “Engineering Ethics – Concepts and Cases”, Thompson Learning, 2000.REFERENCES :1. Charles D Fleddermann, “Engineering Ethics”, Prentice Hall, New Mexico, 1999.2. John R Boatright, “Ethics and the Conduct of Business”, Pearson Education, 20033. Edmund G Seebauer and Robert L Barry, “Fundamentals of Ethics for Scientists and Engineers”, Oxford University Press, 2001.4. Prof. (Col) P S Bajaj and Dr. Raj Agrawal, “Business Ethics – An Indian Perspective”, Biztantra, New Delhi, 2004.5. David Ermann and Michele S Shauf, “Computers, Ethics and Society”, Oxford University Press, (2003)BM2026 MEDICAL IMAGING TECHNIQUES LTPC 300 3AIM  To study the image reconstruction techniquesOBJECTIVE  To study the quality assurance test for radiography, method of recording sectional images  To study the functioning of radioisotopic imaging equipments  To study the MRI, image acquisition and reconstruction  To study the 3-D image display techniques 80
  • 81. UNIT I ULTRASOUND IN MEDICINE 9Production of ultrasound – properties and principles of image formation, capture anddisplay – principles of A-mode, B-mode and M-mode display – Doppler ultra sound andcolour flow mapping – applications of diagnostic ultra sound.UNIT II X-RAY COMPUTED TOMOGRAPHY 9Priniciples of sectional imaging – scanner configuration – data acquisition system – imageformation principles – conversion of x-ray data in to scan image – 2-D imagereconstruction techniques –Iteration and Fourier method – types of CT scanners.UNIT III MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING 9Priniciples of MRI pulse sequence – image acquisition and reconstruction techniques –MRI instrumentation magnetic gradient system RF coils – receiver system functional MRI– Application of MRIUNIT IV RADIO ISOTOPIC IMAGING 9Rectilinear scanners – linear scanners – SPECT – PET Gamma camera radio nuclides forimaging – emission computed CTUNIT V INFRA RED IMAGING 9Physics of thermography – imaging systems – pyroelectric vidicon camera clinicalthermography – liquid crystal thermographyTEXT BOOK:1. Steve Webb, “The physics of medical imaging”, Adam Hilger, Bristol, England, Philadelphia, USA, 1988.REFERENCES:1. A. C. Kak, “principles of computed tomography”, IEEE press, Newyork2. G. A. Hay, “Medical Image formation perception and measurement”,3. Divyendu Sinha & Edward R.Dougherty, “Introduction to Computer Based Imaging Systems”, PHI, 2003.CS2053 SOFT COMPUTING LTPC 3 00 3UNIT I FUZZY SET THEORY 10Introduction to Neuro – Fuzzy and Soft Computing – Fuzzy Sets – Basic Definition andTerminology – Set-theoretic Operations – Member Function Formulation andParameterization – Fuzzy Rules and Fuzzy Reasoning – Extension Principle and FuzzyRelations – Fuzzy If-Then Rules – Fuzzy Reasoning – Fuzzy Inference Systems –Mamdani Fuzzy Models – Sugeno Fuzzy Models – Tsukamoto Fuzzy Models – InputSpace Partitioning and Fuzzy Modeling.UNIT II OPTIMIZATION 8Derivative-based Optimization – Descent Methods – The Method of Steepest Descent –Classical Newton’s Method – Step Size Determination – Derivative-free Optimization –Genetic Algorithms – Simulated Annealing – Random Search – Downhill Simplex Search. 81
  • 82. UNIT III ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE 10Introduction, Knowledge Representation – Reasoning, Issues and Acquisition:Prepositional and Predicate Calculus Rule Based knowledge Representation SymbolicReasoning Under Uncertainity Basic knowledge Representation Issues Knowledgeacquisition – Heuristic Search: Techniques for Heuristic search Heuristic Classification -State Space Search: Strategies Implementation of Graph Search Search based onRecursion Patent-directed Search Production System and Learning.UNIT IV NEURO FUZZY MODELING 9Adaptive Neuro-Fuzzy Inference Systems – Architecture – Hybrid Learning Algorithm –Learning Methods that Cross-fertilize ANFIS and RBFN – Coactive Neuro Fuzzy Modeling– Framework Neuron Functions for Adaptive Networks – Neuro Fuzzy Spectrum.UNIT V APPLICATIONS OF COMPUTATIONAL INTELLIGENCE 8Printed Character Recognition – Inverse Kinematics Problems – Automobile FuelEfficiency Prediction – Soft Computing for Color Recipe Prediction. TOTAL : 45 PERIODSTEXT BOOKS:1. J.S.R.Jang, C.T.Sun and E.Mizutani, “Neuro-Fuzzy and Soft Computing”, PHI, 2004, Pearson Education 2004.2. N.P.Padhy, “Artificial Intelligence and Intelligent Systems”, Oxford University Press, 2006.REFERENCES:1. Elaine Rich & Kevin Knight, Artificial Intelligence, Second Edition, Tata Mcgraw Hill Publishing Comp., 2006, New Delhi.2. Timothy J.Ross, “Fuzzy Logic with Engineering Applications”, McGraw-Hill, 1997.3. Davis E.Goldberg, “Genetic Algorithms: Search, Optimization and Machine Learning”, Addison Wesley, N.Y., 1989.4. S. Rajasekaran and G.A.V.Pai, “Neural Networks, Fuzzy Logic and Genetic Algorithms”, PHI, 2003.5. R.Eberhart, P.Simpson and R.Dobbins, “Computational Intelligence - PC Tools”, AP Professional, Boston, 1996.6. Amit Konar, “Artificial Intelligence and Soft Computing Behaviour and Cognitive model of the human brain”, CRC Press, 2008.BM2028 RAPID PROTOTYPING LTPC 3 003UNIT I INTRODUCTION 10Basic operation-impact of rapid prototyping and tooling on product development-benefits-applicationsUNIT II RAPID PROTOTYPING PROCESSES 10Introduction-classification-laminated object manufacturing-fused deposition modeling-stereolithography-solid ground curing-selective laser sintering-3 D printing.UNIT III CAD PROCESSES 10Introduction-data requirements-solid modeling-surface modeling . Geometric processing-interface formats-model prepration-slicing,support structures and machine instructions. 82
  • 83. UNIT IV MATERIALS FOR RAPID PROTOTYPING 5Plastics-resins-metals-ceramics-selection of materials for suitable processes- advantages-limitations.UNIT V RAPID TOOLING PROCESSES 10Introduction-classification-indirect rapid tooling-silicone rubber moulding-epoxy moulding-electro forming- vacuum casting- vacuum forming- rapid tools for injection moulding- directrapid tooling processes-SLS rapid tool-shape deposition manufacturing – laser depositionlamination- rapid tooling roots. TOTAL : 45 PERIODSTEXT BOOK1. Ibrahim zeid, CAD/CAM theory and practice, Tata McGraw Hill,1998REFERENCES:1. PAUL F.JACOBS, Rapid Prototyping and Manufacture. Fundamentals of Stereolithography, 19952. Rapid proto typing reports, CAD/CAM publishing, 19913. Rapid News, University of Warwick, UK, 1995.4. Rapid Tools for Injection Moulding ( ) Applications of RP techniques for Sheet Metal Forming ( ) Medical RP applications (http:// 83