Genetically Modified Organisms

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GMO: To Ban or Not to Ban?

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Genetically Modified Organisms

  1. 1. “ FRANKEN FOODS” DEAL OR NO DEAL?
  2. 2. “ FRANKEN FOODS” OR GENETICALLY MODIFIED ORGANISMS
  3. 3. <ul><li>GMO (Genetically Modified Organisms) </li></ul><ul><li>transgenic organisms </li></ul><ul><li>genetic make-up of plants and animals have been altered to exhibit traits that are not naturally theirs. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Biotechnology and Genetic Modification are commonly used interchangeably.
  5. 5. <ul><li>GM in plants, animals and bacteria </li></ul><ul><li>Bt corn, soya beans, golden rice </li></ul><ul><li>Dolly the sheep, Molly and Polly </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>Methods </li></ul><ul><li>removal of DNA </li></ul><ul><li>manipulation outside the cell </li></ul><ul><li>reinsertion into target organism </li></ul>
  7. 7. Removal of DNA
  8. 8. Manipulation outside the cell
  9. 9. Reinsertion into target organism
  10. 10. Genetically engineered
  11. 11. BENEFITS
  12. 12. <ul><li>Benefits: </li></ul><ul><li>increased food production </li></ul><ul><li>decreased use of pesticides and herbicides </li></ul><ul><li>improved nutrition </li></ul>
  13. 13. <ul><li>ENVIRONMENT </li></ul><ul><li>“ friendly” bio herbicides and insecticides </li></ul><ul><li>conservation of soil, water and energy </li></ul><ul><li>better natural waste management </li></ul><ul><li>bio processing for forestry products </li></ul><ul><li>ANIMALS </li></ul><ul><li>increased resistance, productivity, hardiness and feed efficiency </li></ul><ul><li>better yields of meat, milk and eggs </li></ul><ul><li>improved animal health and diagnostic methods </li></ul><ul><li>CROPS </li></ul><ul><li>enhanced taste and quality </li></ul><ul><li>reduced maturation time </li></ul><ul><li>increased nutrients, yields and stress tolerance </li></ul>
  14. 14. CROPS <ul><li>enhanced taste and quality </li></ul><ul><li>reduced maturation time </li></ul><ul><li>increased nutrients, yields and stress tolerance </li></ul>
  15. 15. BIGGER size
  16. 17. ANIMALS <ul><li>increased resistance, productivity, hardiness and feed efficiency </li></ul><ul><li>better yields of meat, milk and eggs </li></ul><ul><li>improved animal health and diagnostic methods </li></ul>
  17. 19. ENVIRONMENT <ul><li>“ friendly” bio herbicides and insecticides </li></ul><ul><li>conservation of soil, water and energy </li></ul><ul><li>better natural waste management </li></ul><ul><li>bio processing for forestry products </li></ul>
  18. 20. RISKS
  19. 21. <ul><li>Harm to other organisms </li></ul>
  20. 22. <ul><li>uncontrolled cross pollination </li></ul>
  21. 23. <ul><li>Super </li></ul><ul><li>weeds </li></ul><ul><li>and </li></ul><ul><li>super </li></ul><ul><li>pests </li></ul>
  22. 24. “ SUPER WEED”
  23. 25. “ SUPER PEST”
  24. 26. Allergic Reaction
  25. 27. antibiotic resistance
  26. 28. CONTROVERSIES
  27. 30. SAFETY <ul><li>potential human health impact </li></ul><ul><li>(allergens, antibiotic resistance) </li></ul><ul><li>potential environmental impact </li></ul><ul><li>(loss of flora and fauna biodiversity) </li></ul>
  28. 32. ETHICS <ul><li>violation of natural organisms’ intrinsic values </li></ul><ul><li>tampering with nature by mixing genes among species </li></ul><ul><li>objections to consuming animal genes in plants and vice versa </li></ul><ul><li>stress for animal </li></ul>
  29. 35. LABELING <ul><li>not mandatory in some countries ( e.g. US) </li></ul><ul><li>mixing GM crops with non-GM confounds labeling attempts </li></ul>
  30. 37. ACCESS AND INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY <ul><li>domination of world food production by a few companies </li></ul><ul><li>increasing dependence on Industrialized Nations by developing countries </li></ul><ul><li>bio-piracy – foreign exploitation of natural resources </li></ul>
  31. 39. SOCIETY <ul><li>new advances may be skewed to interests of rich countries </li></ul>
  32. 40. <ul><li>GM maize </li></ul><ul><li>GM tomatoes </li></ul><ul><li>GM soybeans </li></ul><ul><li>GM rice </li></ul><ul><li>GM cotton </li></ul>
  33. 41. LIST OF GENETICALLY MODIFIED FOODS
  34. 42. <ul><li>Hershey’s (milk chocolate chips, kisses, kitkat, cadbury) </li></ul><ul><li>Nestle (butterscotch chips, white chocolate) </li></ul><ul><li>Kellogg’s (all varieties) </li></ul><ul><li>Quaker oat meal </li></ul><ul><li>Kraft (toblerone) </li></ul><ul><li>Hunts </li></ul><ul><li>Carnation </li></ul><ul><li>Knorr (Bestfoods) </li></ul><ul><li>Lipton </li></ul><ul><li>Frito Lay, Pringles, Doritos, Lays </li></ul><ul><li>Coke, Pepsi, Gatorade, Kool aid, Tang, Tropical twisters </li></ul>
  35. 43. DECISION MAKING <ul><li>“ Champions make decisions that create the future they desire while losers make decisions that create the present they desire.” </li></ul>
  36. 44. DEAL OR NO DEAL?
  37. 45. PRESENTED BY:
  38. 46. Melissa G. Abanto Ma. Kathrina M. Pobre
  39. 47. APPLAUSE!

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