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Genetically Modified Organisms

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GMO: To Ban or Not to Ban?

GMO: To Ban or Not to Ban?

Published in: Technology, Health & Medicine

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  • 1. “ FRANKEN FOODS” DEAL OR NO DEAL?
  • 2. “ FRANKEN FOODS” OR GENETICALLY MODIFIED ORGANISMS
  • 3.
    • GMO (Genetically Modified Organisms)
    • transgenic organisms
    • genetic make-up of plants and animals have been altered to exhibit traits that are not naturally theirs.
  • 4. Biotechnology and Genetic Modification are commonly used interchangeably.
  • 5.
    • GM in plants, animals and bacteria
    • Bt corn, soya beans, golden rice
    • Dolly the sheep, Molly and Polly
  • 6.
    • Methods
    • removal of DNA
    • manipulation outside the cell
    • reinsertion into target organism
  • 7. Removal of DNA
  • 8. Manipulation outside the cell
  • 9. Reinsertion into target organism
  • 10. Genetically engineered
  • 11. BENEFITS
  • 12.
    • Benefits:
    • increased food production
    • decreased use of pesticides and herbicides
    • improved nutrition
  • 13.
    • ENVIRONMENT
    • “ friendly” bio herbicides and insecticides
    • conservation of soil, water and energy
    • better natural waste management
    • bio processing for forestry products
    • ANIMALS
    • increased resistance, productivity, hardiness and feed efficiency
    • better yields of meat, milk and eggs
    • improved animal health and diagnostic methods
    • CROPS
    • enhanced taste and quality
    • reduced maturation time
    • increased nutrients, yields and stress tolerance
  • 14. CROPS
    • enhanced taste and quality
    • reduced maturation time
    • increased nutrients, yields and stress tolerance
  • 15. BIGGER size
  • 16.  
  • 17. ANIMALS
    • increased resistance, productivity, hardiness and feed efficiency
    • better yields of meat, milk and eggs
    • improved animal health and diagnostic methods
  • 18.  
  • 19. ENVIRONMENT
    • “ friendly” bio herbicides and insecticides
    • conservation of soil, water and energy
    • better natural waste management
    • bio processing for forestry products
  • 20. RISKS
  • 21.
    • Harm to other organisms
  • 22.
    • uncontrolled cross pollination
  • 23.
    • Super
    • weeds
    • and
    • super
    • pests
  • 24. “ SUPER WEED”
  • 25. “ SUPER PEST”
  • 26. Allergic Reaction
  • 27. antibiotic resistance
  • 28. CONTROVERSIES
  • 29.  
  • 30. SAFETY
    • potential human health impact
    • (allergens, antibiotic resistance)
    • potential environmental impact
    • (loss of flora and fauna biodiversity)
  • 31.  
  • 32. ETHICS
    • violation of natural organisms’ intrinsic values
    • tampering with nature by mixing genes among species
    • objections to consuming animal genes in plants and vice versa
    • stress for animal
  • 33.  
  • 34.  
  • 35. LABELING
    • not mandatory in some countries ( e.g. US)
    • mixing GM crops with non-GM confounds labeling attempts
  • 36.  
  • 37. ACCESS AND INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY
    • domination of world food production by a few companies
    • increasing dependence on Industrialized Nations by developing countries
    • bio-piracy – foreign exploitation of natural resources
  • 38.  
  • 39. SOCIETY
    • new advances may be skewed to interests of rich countries
  • 40.
    • GM maize
    • GM tomatoes
    • GM soybeans
    • GM rice
    • GM cotton
  • 41. LIST OF GENETICALLY MODIFIED FOODS
  • 42.
    • Hershey’s (milk chocolate chips, kisses, kitkat, cadbury)
    • Nestle (butterscotch chips, white chocolate)
    • Kellogg’s (all varieties)
    • Quaker oat meal
    • Kraft (toblerone)
    • Hunts
    • Carnation
    • Knorr (Bestfoods)
    • Lipton
    • Frito Lay, Pringles, Doritos, Lays
    • Coke, Pepsi, Gatorade, Kool aid, Tang, Tropical twisters
  • 43. DECISION MAKING
    • “ Champions make decisions that create the future they desire while losers make decisions that create the present they desire.”
  • 44. DEAL OR NO DEAL?
  • 45. PRESENTED BY:
  • 46. Melissa G. Abanto Ma. Kathrina M. Pobre
  • 47. APPLAUSE!