sex worker and HIV

2,592 views
2,299 views

Published on

about sex worker and HIV

2 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Brothel workers are the biggest cause of HIV. I'm fairly confident their workers in areas such as Africa would have a very high rate of STD and HIV, I'm sure countries like USA and Australia http://melbourne-brothels.com.au have been precautions for their sex workers, but still not that trustworthy right?
       Reply 
    Are you sure you want to  Yes  No
    Your message goes here
  • best
       Reply 
    Are you sure you want to  Yes  No
    Your message goes here
  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
2,592
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
19
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
0
Comments
2
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

sex worker and HIV

  1. 1. Sex Work and HIV: Risks & Responses Constraints & Challenges Anil Kumar National Consultation on Sex work, HIV and the Law November 2007
  2. 2. Declining HIV Stable HIV Increasing HIV An expanding epidemic in the region
  3. 3. Asian epidemics remain focused in specific populations & their partners… FSW Low or no risk females Clients Low or no risk males MSM IDUs Children
  4. 4. Turning the Tide 0 1991 2006 HIV prevalence (%) Cambodia Thailand Maharashta (India) Tamil Nadu (India) Andhra Pradesh (India) Karnataka (India)
  5. 5. Human Face of Economic Growth <ul><li>India is among World’s emerging economies today </li></ul><ul><li>Economic growth also brings increasing displacement, mobility and extra income </li></ul><ul><li>Greater vulnerability to HIV, particularly the young </li></ul><ul><li>“ Mobile Men with Money” – monogamous wives at the receiving end </li></ul>
  6. 6. Mobile Men with Money Clients make up bulk of new infection in these countries
  7. 7. Turning the tide in India Massive Scaling up of Interventions Highlight of India NACP Phase II 1999 14% budget allocated to targeted Interventions: sex work & IDUs Development of “ Model Intervention Package” Providing unit cost for each Intervention Clear Identification of components of the intervention package
  8. 8. Immediate Results in Southern States of India 0 1991 2006 HIV prevalence (%) Clear evidence that focused intervention programs with Most-at-Risks populations succeed in bringing down new infections Maharashta (India) Tamil Nadu (India) Andhra Pradesh (India) Karnataka (India)
  9. 9. Major challenges <ul><li>Police harassment & criminalization </li></ul><ul><li>Adverse legal environment </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of coordination between AIDS practitioners & law enforcement agencies </li></ul><ul><li>Limited empowerment of sex workers </li></ul><ul><li>Shift from brothel to street-based sex work </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of legislative direction to provide health care & support to sex workers </li></ul>
  10. 10. Proposed amendments in ITPA in India <ul><li>Positive </li></ul><ul><li>Decriminalizes soliciting </li></ul><ul><li>Negative </li></ul><ul><li>New definitions for: Prostitution; Commercial Sexual Exploitation; Trafficking in persons; Trafficked victim </li></ul><ul><li>Penalties </li></ul><ul><li>Criminalizes sex work settings and related individuals </li></ul><ul><li>Provides more power to police and law enforcement authorities </li></ul><ul><li>No developmental provisions </li></ul>
  11. 11. Results <ul><li>Police harassment will increase </li></ul><ul><li>Sex workers will go underground making access to them difficult </li></ul><ul><li>People coming from wide spectrum of populations will be driven away by criminalization as alleged clients </li></ul><ul><li>Access to awareness, prevention & treatment services for AIDS programs will be seriously jeopardized </li></ul>
  12. 12. Proposal <ul><li>The amendment should not be rushed!! </li></ul><ul><li>Open for larger public debate </li></ul><ul><li>Women and sex workers’ organizations need to be consulted </li></ul><ul><li>Thailand example shows that public information campaign can reduce sex work by 50% </li></ul><ul><li>Programs on targeted public awareness should be implemented in areas where sex workers practice </li></ul>
  13. 13. <ul><li>Thank you! </li></ul>

×