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1081261 634447505770711358

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  • 1. BLOOD DONATION
    • The
    • Gift
    • Of
    • Life
    By Umakanth Siromani, Vellore, Tamilnadu, India
  • 2. What is Blood Composed of?
    • CELLS
      • Red cells
      • White cells
      • Platelets
    • FLUID
      • Plasma
  • 3. Functions of Blood
      • WBCs defense
      • RBCs carry oxygen
      • Platelets stop bleeding
  • 4. Functions of blood …
    • Plasma helps to carry
            • nutrients
            • clotting factors
            • proteins
  • 5. Where is blood made?
    • BONE MARROW
    • “ BLOOD FACTORY ”
  • 6. How much of blood do we have?
    • Male 76 & Female 66 ml per kg
    • Approx volume = 5 to 6 litres
    • Circulating Volume = 4.5 - 5 litres
    • One is in reserve
  • 7. What is a blood bank?
  • 8. BLOOD BANKING
    • Sourcing of safe blood
    • Appropriate processing
    • Safe storage
    • Allocation of appropriate blood
  • 9. History of Blood Donation in India
        • Paid Donors (Infectious risk) Banned in 1998
        • Family/Friend Replacement Donors
            • (Conceal deferrable risk factors/
            • hidden paid system/pressure/
            • ethical code?)*
        • Voluntary Non-remunerated blood Donors
        • (Safest way)
    *From Pereira 2002
  • 10. Blood as a Scarce Resource in the World
    • 75 million units of blood are donated each year
    • 500,000 women who die from complication of pregnancy each year
    • 150,000 die because of lack of blood.
    • 80% of the worldwide population has access to only 20% of safe blood.
    • Only 16% of blood supply is donated by voluntary/ non-remunerated blood donors in the world because of only family/replacement do in most of developing countries.
    WHO Information Sheets, 2005
  • 11. Blood Donation in India Tamilnadu has higher % of Voluntary (85.60%)
    • VBD: 51% in 2005
    • VBD: 45% in 2002
    Source: Gift of blood, No: 92, July 2008, AVBD, West Bengal West Bengal had been able to attain up to 85.70 % blood donation by voluntary donors,
    • VBD: 55.1% in 2007
  • 12. Blood Donation in India Source: Gift of blood, No: 92, July 2008, AVBD, West Bengal 67.21 Orissa 62.71 Mizoram 68.60 Gujarat 68.60 Maharastra 76.98 Chandigarh 80.30 Tripura 85.60 Tamilnadu 85.70 West Bengal % States
  • 13. Demand and Supply of Blood Donation From NACO 2006 5 million units 8 million donors India 75 million units 150 million donors Worldwide Annual Supply in 2005 (Unit) Annual Requirement (Million Donors)
  • 14. Sources of blood
    • Professional donors
        • people who donate primarily
        • for money
  • 15. Sources of blood: PROFESSIONAL DONORS
    • Regular
    • Known blood groups
    • Low haemoglobin
    • Safety not assured
    • Can spread infections
    • Done primarily for money
    • Banned in India
  • 16. Sources of blood… REPLACEMENT DONORS (relatives / friends)
    • Better quality
    • Less chances of infection
    • Higher haemoglobin
    • Donation often made under pressure
    • Still can be paid donors
  • 17. VOLUNTARY BLOOD DONORS
  • 18. VOLUNTARY DONORS
    • MOTIVE: ALTRUISTIC
    • WILLING TO DONATE HER/HIS BLOOD FOR ABSOLUTELY NO MATERIAL BENEFITS
  • 19. VOLUNTARY DONORS
    • DONORS : HEALTHY
    • QUALITY : BEST
    • SAFTEY : HIGHEST
    • BLOOD : USEFUL
  • 20. INDIAN SCENARIO
    • About 2200 blood banks
    • Annual requirements 12 million
    • 8 million units collected annually
    • 45% of donation from volunteers and remaining from replacement donors
    • Scarcity 4 Million
    • Total Population - 1020 Million
  • 21. Donors
    • Developed countries- 50 per 1000
    • Developing countries – 10 per 1000
    • India – 5 per 1000
  • 22. Why ? In spite of 1020 million population, h alf of the population in our Country is medically fit to donate. W hy do we still face 4 million shortage of donors?
  • 23.
    • Still not equivalent to blood in terms efficiency.
    • Not cost effective
    • Not available for clinical use
    Artificial Blood?
  • 24. Can Blood donation be made compulsory?
    • No
    • It is eventually a voluntary act
    • May lead to hatred towards blood donation
    • May lead to a negative out come
    • Will not solve the problem any more
  • 25.
    • Fear of pain
    • Fear of future weakness
    • Fear of possible ill effects
    • Objection from the elders
    • Medical excuses
    • Has never been asked personally
    Reasons for not donating
  • 26. Reasons for not donating
    • Not approached to do so
    • They may think that it would not make any difference if they do not donate
    • Lack of awareness
    • Fear of injection / communicable diseases
  • 27. What could be the remedy?
    • Educate the community about the importance of blood donation
    • Make them realize that we could help others not only by donating money but donating blood also
    • Only we can help our fellow human beings
  • 28.
    • Motivate more students at college level
    • Students comprise a significant proportion of our population
    • Suitable site for intervention
    • Message could be passed easily among them
    • Willing to share information
    What could be the remedy?
  • 29. OUR AIM
    • TO ESTABLISH A BLOOD BANK BASED SOLELY ON VOLUNTEER
    • DONORS IN ORDER TO ASSURE
    • SAFE AND HEALTHY BLOOD FOR PATIENTS
  • 30. Need for blood
    • One unit
    • every 2 seconds
  • 31.
    • Do you know there are thousands of patients are losing their life because of in adequate supply of blood in time?
  • 32. Myths – Blood Donation
    • Bachelors and spinsters
    • I am getting married
    • Only non – vegetarian can donate
    • People who does hard work
    • I am lean and unhealthy
    • I need all my blood
  • 33. Common Excuses
    • I am scared of being infected with any blood borne viral disease while giving blood
    • I am worried that giving blood causes physical weakness or infertility
    • I cant give blood because I think I am anaemic
    • I hate needles
    • Its too inconvenient and I am too busy
  • 34. WHO CAN BE A DONOR?
    • Anyone who is
      • Above 18 years & less than 60 years
      • In good health
      • Has a haemoglobin concentration of more than 12.5 gm%
      • Willing to donate
      • Not at risk for sexually transmitted diseases
      • Not taking any medication
      • Not addicted to any drugs
  • 35. DONOR SAFTEY
    • Screening by LAB TESTS
    • Screening by TECHNOLOGIST
    • Screening by DOCTOR
    • Use of STERILISED disposable sets.
  • 36. PATIENT SAFTEY
    • Screening of samples for diseases
    • Correct grouping & typing
    • Cross matching (Compatibility)
  • 37. What diseases can be given thro’ blood?
    • HIV AIDS
    • HEPATITIS B, C
    • SYPHILIS
    • MALARIA
    • FILARIA
  • 38. HOW TO PREVENT THIS ?
    • By screening of blood donors and their blood
            • History
            • Lab tests
  • 39. Who benefits by your donation?
        • ANOTHER HUMAN BEING
  • 40. Who benefits….?
    • Different types of patients:
            • Emergency patients:
            • Accident victims
            • Ladies for delivery
            • Patients with bleeding problems
  • 41. Who benefits…?
          • Heart surgery patients
          • Kidney transplant patients
          • Liver transplant patients
  • 42.
    • Your blood donation makes a difference between life and death for this patients
  • 43. What do Volunteers get…
    • Blood donor card
    • Blood group
    • Tests for blood-borne viral diseases
    • When you need it ….. We give it.
  • 44. YOUR BLOOD…
    • 350 / 450 ml only
    • ONCE in three months
    • 1 unit useful to 3 persons
    • ½ hour of your routine work
  • 45. WHY SHOULD WHY SHOULD YOU DONATE ?
  • 46. WHY …?
    • You are helping your fellow human being
    • Blood is a gift only you can give
    • You are saving a life !!
    • That is our social responsibility
    • Make them to realize that “helping others” is one of our responsibility.
        • “ we can’t afford to donate money for the needy but giving blood is our way of helping others which makes one feel good about our self”
  • 47.
    • Blood donation is a Divine act
    • Blood donation is as Helping God – Mother Teresa
    • Blood donors – Ambassadors of Goodwill and Universal Brotherhood
  • 48.
    • Donate from 18- 60years
    • About 168 donations
    • Almost 504 lives saved
          • If you want to save somebody you need not to be a doctor but if you donate blood, your blood can save three lives not just one
  • 49. DONATE BLOOD
    • THE
    • GIFT
    • OF
    • LIFE
    Thank you

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