1081261 634447505770711358

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1081261 634447505770711358

  1. 1. BLOOD DONATION <ul><li>The </li></ul><ul><li>Gift </li></ul><ul><li>Of </li></ul><ul><li>Life </li></ul>By Umakanth Siromani, Vellore, Tamilnadu, India
  2. 2. What is Blood Composed of? <ul><li>CELLS </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Red cells </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>White cells </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Platelets </li></ul></ul><ul><li>FLUID </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Plasma </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Functions of Blood <ul><ul><li>WBCs defense </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>RBCs carry oxygen </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Platelets stop bleeding </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Functions of blood … <ul><li>Plasma helps to carry </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>nutrients </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>clotting factors </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>proteins </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Where is blood made? <ul><li> BONE MARROW </li></ul><ul><li>“ BLOOD FACTORY ” </li></ul>
  6. 6. How much of blood do we have? <ul><li>Male 76 & Female 66 ml per kg </li></ul><ul><li>Approx volume = 5 to 6 litres </li></ul><ul><li>Circulating Volume = 4.5 - 5 litres </li></ul><ul><li>One is in reserve </li></ul>
  7. 7. What is a blood bank?
  8. 8. BLOOD BANKING <ul><li>Sourcing of safe blood </li></ul><ul><li>Appropriate processing </li></ul><ul><li>Safe storage </li></ul><ul><li>Allocation of appropriate blood </li></ul>
  9. 9. History of Blood Donation in India <ul><ul><ul><li>Paid Donors (Infectious risk) Banned in 1998 </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Family/Friend Replacement Donors </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>(Conceal deferrable risk factors/ </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>hidden paid system/pressure/ </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>ethical code?)* </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Voluntary Non-remunerated blood Donors </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>(Safest way) </li></ul></ul></ul>*From Pereira 2002
  10. 10. Blood as a Scarce Resource in the World <ul><li>75 million units of blood are donated each year </li></ul><ul><li>500,000 women who die from complication of pregnancy each year </li></ul><ul><li>150,000 die because of lack of blood. </li></ul><ul><li>80% of the worldwide population has access to only 20% of safe blood. </li></ul><ul><li>Only 16% of blood supply is donated by voluntary/ non-remunerated blood donors in the world because of only family/replacement do in most of developing countries. </li></ul>WHO Information Sheets, 2005
  11. 11. Blood Donation in India Tamilnadu has higher % of Voluntary (85.60%) <ul><li>VBD: 51% in 2005 </li></ul><ul><li>VBD: 45% in 2002 </li></ul>Source: Gift of blood, No: 92, July 2008, AVBD, West Bengal West Bengal had been able to attain up to 85.70 % blood donation by voluntary donors, <ul><li>VBD: 55.1% in 2007 </li></ul>
  12. 12. Blood Donation in India Source: Gift of blood, No: 92, July 2008, AVBD, West Bengal 67.21 Orissa 62.71 Mizoram 68.60 Gujarat 68.60 Maharastra 76.98 Chandigarh 80.30 Tripura 85.60 Tamilnadu 85.70 West Bengal % States
  13. 13. Demand and Supply of Blood Donation From NACO 2006 5 million units 8 million donors India 75 million units 150 million donors Worldwide Annual Supply in 2005 (Unit) Annual Requirement (Million Donors)
  14. 14. Sources of blood <ul><li>Professional donors </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>people who donate primarily </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>for money </li></ul></ul></ul>
  15. 15. Sources of blood: PROFESSIONAL DONORS <ul><li>Regular </li></ul><ul><li>Known blood groups </li></ul><ul><li>Low haemoglobin </li></ul><ul><li>Safety not assured </li></ul><ul><li>Can spread infections </li></ul><ul><li>Done primarily for money </li></ul><ul><li>Banned in India </li></ul>
  16. 16. Sources of blood… REPLACEMENT DONORS (relatives / friends) <ul><li>Better quality </li></ul><ul><li>Less chances of infection </li></ul><ul><li>Higher haemoglobin </li></ul><ul><li>Donation often made under pressure </li></ul><ul><li>Still can be paid donors </li></ul>
  17. 17. VOLUNTARY BLOOD DONORS
  18. 18. VOLUNTARY DONORS <ul><li>MOTIVE: ALTRUISTIC </li></ul><ul><li>WILLING TO DONATE HER/HIS BLOOD FOR ABSOLUTELY NO MATERIAL BENEFITS </li></ul>
  19. 19. VOLUNTARY DONORS <ul><li>DONORS : HEALTHY </li></ul><ul><li>QUALITY : BEST </li></ul><ul><li>SAFTEY : HIGHEST </li></ul><ul><li>BLOOD : USEFUL </li></ul>
  20. 20. INDIAN SCENARIO <ul><li>About 2200 blood banks </li></ul><ul><li>Annual requirements 12 million </li></ul><ul><li>8 million units collected annually </li></ul><ul><li>45% of donation from volunteers and remaining from replacement donors </li></ul><ul><li>Scarcity 4 Million </li></ul><ul><li>Total Population - 1020 Million </li></ul>
  21. 21. Donors <ul><li>Developed countries- 50 per 1000 </li></ul><ul><li>Developing countries – 10 per 1000 </li></ul><ul><li>India – 5 per 1000 </li></ul>
  22. 22. Why ? In spite of 1020 million population, h alf of the population in our Country is medically fit to donate. W hy do we still face 4 million shortage of donors?
  23. 23. <ul><li>Still not equivalent to blood in terms efficiency. </li></ul><ul><li>Not cost effective </li></ul><ul><li>Not available for clinical use </li></ul>Artificial Blood?
  24. 24. Can Blood donation be made compulsory? <ul><li>No </li></ul><ul><li>It is eventually a voluntary act </li></ul><ul><li>May lead to hatred towards blood donation </li></ul><ul><li>May lead to a negative out come </li></ul><ul><li>Will not solve the problem any more </li></ul>
  25. 25. <ul><li>Fear of pain </li></ul><ul><li>Fear of future weakness </li></ul><ul><li>Fear of possible ill effects </li></ul><ul><li>Objection from the elders </li></ul><ul><li>Medical excuses </li></ul><ul><li>Has never been asked personally </li></ul>Reasons for not donating
  26. 26. Reasons for not donating <ul><li>Not approached to do so </li></ul><ul><li>They may think that it would not make any difference if they do not donate </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of awareness </li></ul><ul><li>Fear of injection / communicable diseases </li></ul>
  27. 27. What could be the remedy? <ul><li>Educate the community about the importance of blood donation </li></ul><ul><li>Make them realize that we could help others not only by donating money but donating blood also </li></ul><ul><li>Only we can help our fellow human beings </li></ul>
  28. 28. <ul><li>Motivate more students at college level </li></ul><ul><li>Students comprise a significant proportion of our population </li></ul><ul><li>Suitable site for intervention </li></ul><ul><li>Message could be passed easily among them </li></ul><ul><li>Willing to share information </li></ul>What could be the remedy?
  29. 29. OUR AIM <ul><li>TO ESTABLISH A BLOOD BANK BASED SOLELY ON VOLUNTEER </li></ul><ul><li>DONORS IN ORDER TO ASSURE </li></ul><ul><li>SAFE AND HEALTHY BLOOD FOR PATIENTS </li></ul>
  30. 30. Need for blood <ul><li>One unit </li></ul><ul><li>every 2 seconds </li></ul>
  31. 31. <ul><li>Do you know there are thousands of patients are losing their life because of in adequate supply of blood in time? </li></ul>
  32. 32. Myths – Blood Donation <ul><li>Bachelors and spinsters </li></ul><ul><li>I am getting married </li></ul><ul><li>Only non – vegetarian can donate </li></ul><ul><li>People who does hard work </li></ul><ul><li>I am lean and unhealthy </li></ul><ul><li>I need all my blood </li></ul>
  33. 33. Common Excuses <ul><li>I am scared of being infected with any blood borne viral disease while giving blood </li></ul><ul><li>I am worried that giving blood causes physical weakness or infertility </li></ul><ul><li>I cant give blood because I think I am anaemic </li></ul><ul><li>I hate needles </li></ul><ul><li>Its too inconvenient and I am too busy </li></ul>
  34. 34. WHO CAN BE A DONOR? <ul><li>Anyone who is </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Above 18 years & less than 60 years </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>In good health </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Has a haemoglobin concentration of more than 12.5 gm% </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Willing to donate </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Not at risk for sexually transmitted diseases </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Not taking any medication </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Not addicted to any drugs </li></ul></ul>
  35. 35. DONOR SAFTEY <ul><li>Screening by LAB TESTS </li></ul><ul><li>Screening by TECHNOLOGIST </li></ul><ul><li>Screening by DOCTOR </li></ul><ul><li>Use of STERILISED disposable sets. </li></ul>
  36. 36. PATIENT SAFTEY <ul><li>Screening of samples for diseases </li></ul><ul><li>Correct grouping & typing </li></ul><ul><li>Cross matching (Compatibility) </li></ul>
  37. 37. What diseases can be given thro’ blood? <ul><li>HIV AIDS </li></ul><ul><li>HEPATITIS B, C </li></ul><ul><li>SYPHILIS </li></ul><ul><li>MALARIA </li></ul><ul><li>FILARIA </li></ul>
  38. 38. HOW TO PREVENT THIS ? <ul><li>By screening of blood donors and their blood </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>History </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Lab tests </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  39. 39. Who benefits by your donation? <ul><ul><ul><li>ANOTHER HUMAN BEING </li></ul></ul></ul>
  40. 40. Who benefits….? <ul><li>Different types of patients: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Emergency patients: </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Accident victims </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Ladies for delivery </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Patients with bleeding problems </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  41. 41. Who benefits…? <ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Heart surgery patients </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Kidney transplant patients </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Liver transplant patients </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  42. 42. <ul><li>Your blood donation makes a difference between life and death for this patients </li></ul>
  43. 43. What do Volunteers get… <ul><li>Blood donor card </li></ul><ul><li>Blood group </li></ul><ul><li>Tests for blood-borne viral diseases </li></ul><ul><li>When you need it ….. We give it. </li></ul>
  44. 44. YOUR BLOOD… <ul><li>350 / 450 ml only </li></ul><ul><li>ONCE in three months </li></ul><ul><li>1 unit useful to 3 persons </li></ul><ul><li>½ hour of your routine work </li></ul>
  45. 45. WHY SHOULD WHY SHOULD YOU DONATE ?
  46. 46. WHY …? <ul><li>You are helping your fellow human being </li></ul><ul><li>Blood is a gift only you can give </li></ul><ul><li>You are saving a life !! </li></ul><ul><li>That is our social responsibility </li></ul><ul><li>Make them to realize that “helping others” is one of our responsibility. </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>“ we can’t afford to donate money for the needy but giving blood is our way of helping others which makes one feel good about our self” </li></ul></ul></ul>
  47. 47. <ul><li>Blood donation is a Divine act </li></ul><ul><li>Blood donation is as Helping God – Mother Teresa </li></ul><ul><li>Blood donors – Ambassadors of Goodwill and Universal Brotherhood </li></ul>
  48. 48. <ul><li>Donate from 18- 60years </li></ul><ul><li>About 168 donations </li></ul><ul><li>Almost 504 lives saved </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>If you want to save somebody you need not to be a doctor but if you donate blood, your blood can save three lives not just one </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  49. 49. DONATE BLOOD <ul><li>THE </li></ul><ul><li>GIFT </li></ul><ul><li>OF </li></ul><ul><li>LIFE </li></ul>Thank you

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