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Group Dynamics

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Group Dynamics in organisation behaviour

Group Dynamics in organisation behaviour

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Group Dynamics Group Dynamics Presentation Transcript

  • GROUP DYNAMICS
    PRESENTED BY->
    ANIL DHANKHAR
    DHEERAJ SINGH
    RACHIT MEHROTRA
  • GROUP
    Two or more individuals interacting and interdependent, who have come together to achieve a particular goal.
  • WORK GROUP
    WORK TEAM
    1)Share information
    2)Neutral
    3)Individual
    4)Random & varied
    1)Collective performance
    2)Positive
    3)Individual & mutual
    4)Complementary
  • TYPES OF GROUPS
    Formal Informal
  • TYPES OF GROUP
    FORMAL GROUPS->It is a designated work group defined by an organization's structure..
    INFORMAL GROUP->Neither formally structured nor organizationally determined. Such a group appears to the need for social contact.
    COMMAND GROUP->Group composed of individuals who report directly to a given manager.
  • TASK GROUPS->Individuals working together to complete a job task..
    INTEREST GROUP->People working together to attain a specific objective with which each is concerned.
    FRIENDSHIP GROUP->People brought together because they share one or more common characteristics.
  • CONCEPT OF GROUP DYNAMICS
    The social process by which people interact in a group environment....
    The influences of personality, power and behavior on the group process....
  • REASONS FOR JOINING GROUP
    1)SECURITY->Reduces insecurity and stand alone syndrome.
  • 2)STATUS->Recognition and status same as that of group.
    3)Self –Esteem->Self importance
    4)Affiliation->Fulfill needs of affection.
  • 5)POWER->Power in number.
  • 6)GOAL ACHIEVEMNT->Pool of talent, skills and knowledge.
  • STAGES FOR GROUP FORMATION
    1)FORMING ->Uncertainty about group’s purpose, structure and leadership.
    2) STORMING->Conflicts and disagreement. It is
    one of intragroup conflict.
  • 3) NORMING->Settling down, close relationship and collaboration.
  • 4) PERFORMING->Group fully functional, devoted to task at hand.
  • Adjourning->End of group /new modified group...
    Happy
    Sad
    Depressed
  • GROUP NORMS
    These are acceptable standards of behavior that are shared by group members.
    These define what ought/ought not to be done by members.
    These could be formally or informally laid down.
    Different groups, communities and societies have different norms, but they all have them.
  • CLASSES OF NORMS
    PERFORMANCE NORMS-> Laid down parameters as to how hard a person is required to work, what production level to achieve and so on.
    APPEARANCE NORMS->Dressing
    ARRANGEMENT NORMS->Applicable to informal groups. It lays down degree of social interaction
    RESOURCE ALLOCATION NORMS-> These could include pay, bonus, tools equipment, assignment of difficult jobs etc.
  • SOCIAL LOAFING
    Social loafing is the dysfunction(negative impact) associated with group.
    This problem occurs when members reduce their efforts and performance level in the group.
    It happens in big groups where individual effort is difficult to figure out. To reduce the impact of members shrinking their duties it is suggested to have small teams.
  • GROUP COHESIVENESS
    It is defined as the degree to which members are attracted to each other and are motivated to stay in a group.
  • Relationship b/w cohesiveness, performance norms & productivityHIGH cohesivenessLOWHIGH HIGH LOW performanceLOW
  • THANK YOU………….ANY QUESTION