Jnnsm november 2012

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  • Dear Sir, Your report has undertaken all critical issues. Kindly send me the copy of the same at ashishkapil@yahoo.com Regards ashish kapil +91-9872157866
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  • Let us look at the major grid opportunities before we address the policy issues and challenges. These are the ambitious targets for solar, both for grid & off-grid. The major objective is to reach grid parity. As solar becomes more competitive with diesel, off grid may increase, and in my view should.
  • A Comprehensive Strategy for Solar Mission has been devised

Transcript

  • 1. Solar Power in India-An UPDATE ON JNNSM- November 2012 Ministry of New and Renewable Energy Government of India 1
  • 2. Indian Power Sector (30 September 2012) Thermal Hydro Nuclear Renewable 1,38,806 MW 39,291 MW 4,780 MW 25,858 MW 2
  • 3. Renewable Power Capacity (31 August 2012) Wind Small Hydro Bio Solar Total 17,967 3,434 3414 1,044 25,858 MW MW MW MW MW 3
  • 4. Potential of Solar Energy in India• The daily average solar energy incident varies from 4 - 7 kWh per square meter.• The potential of power generation is 30 – 50 MW per square kilometer of land area depending upon the technology and geographical location.• It is possible to set up solar power generation capacity of over 1,00,000 MW in India.• Potential for solar power is dependent on future developments that might make solar technology cost- competitive for grid-interactive power generation applications. 4
  • 5. Advantages of Solar Energy• Huge potential in India• Available throughout India• Decentralised solutions possible• Installation is quick and modular• Prices of solar PV panels and associated Balance of Systems dropping considerably• No recurring fuel cost• Reliable and negligible maintenance• Environment friendly• Leads to reduced dependency on fossil fuels and consequent reduction in import bills• Hybrid possibilities with various types of fuels 5
  • 6. Consumption of fossil fuels in India • Coal - 593 Million Tonnes Even a slight • Lignite - 37.7 Million Tonnes diversion of • Crude Oil - 206.2 Million Tonnes energy • Natural Gas - 51.3 Billion Cubic Meters consumption from fossil fuels to solar power may lead to significant savings of energy resources and foreign exchangeSource : Energy Statistics 2012, CSO, NSO,MoSPI 6
  • 7. Plan-wise Renewable Capacity Addition 7
  • 8. Renewable Energy Projections for 2027 Cumulative Installed Capacities in GW 8
  • 9. India’s National Action Plan on Climate Change (NAPCC)• National Action Plan on Climate Change was released by Hon’ble Prime Minister of India on 30th June, 2008.• Eight Missions were envisaged on – Solar Energy, – Enhanced Energy Efficiency, – Sustainable Habitat, – Water, – Sustaining the Himalayan Eco-system, – Green India, – Sustainable Agriculture and – Strategic knowledge for Climate Change 9
  • 10. Jawaharlal Nehru National Solar Mission (JNNSM)• One of the eight Missions under National Action Plan on Climate Change• Launched by the Government of India in January 2010.• JNNSM is one of the major global initiatives in promotion of solar energy technologies.• Mission aims to achieve grid tariff parity by 2022 through  Large scale utilization, rapid diffusion and deployment at a scale which leads to cost reduction  R&D, Pilot Projects and Technology Demonstration  Local manufacturing and support infrastructure 10
  • 11. Mission Road Map Application Target for Cumulative Cumulative Segment Phase I Target for Target for (2010-13) Phase 2 Phase 3 (2013-17) (2017-22)Grid solar power 1,100 MW 4,000 - 20,000 MW(large plants, roof top 10,000 MW& distribution gridplants)Off-grid solar 200 MW 1,000 MW 2,000 MWapplicationsSolar Thermal 7 million 15 million 20 million sqCollectors (SWHs, sq. sq. meterssolar cooking/cooling, meters metersIndustrial processheat applications etc.)Solar Lighting 5 million 10 million 20 millionSystem 11
  • 12. Mission Road MapIn addition, 100 MW capacity distributed smallgrid connected power plants during Phase -1 12
  • 13. National Solar Mission: Strategy Enabling policy and regulatory frame work Supporting Utility scale power generation Emphasis equally on grid & off-grid applications Accelerating Research and Development Enhancing Domestic manufacturing base 13
  • 14. Policy and Regulatory Framework Amendment of National Tariff Policy for solar specific RPOs Solar specific RPO - 0.25% in Phase 1 (2013) to increase to 3% by 2022; REC Mechanism Encourage state specific solar policies State-wise RPO Orders by Regulators Exemption from environmental clearance for solar power projects 14
  • 15. JNNSM (Phase 1) - Key Deliverables• 1,100 MW Grid Solar Power Projects• 200 MW Off-grid Solar Applications• 7 million Sq. m solar thermal collector area• R&D and HRD; Centers of Excellence• Domestic Manufacturing• Institutional arrangements for implementation of activities under the Mission 15
  • 16. JNNSM : Phase-I, Batch-I Scheme Projects Projects Weighted % allotted Commissioned Average Reduction No. MW No. MW bid tariff in tariffLarge PV projects 30 150 26 130 12.16 32 %through NVVN 2 Projects of 5 MW Rs. / Unit each CancelledMigration SPV 13 54 11 48Scheme ST 3 30 1 2.5RPSSGP Scheme 78 98 68 87.80(PV)Solar Thermal 7 470 Scheduled for 11.48 25 %projects through commissioning by Rs. / Unit 16NVVN May 2013
  • 17. JNNSM : Phase-I, Batch-II Scheme Projects Projects Minimum Maximum Weighted % allotted Commissioned bid tariff bid tariff Average bid Reduct No. MW No. MW tariff ion in tariffLarge PV 28 350 Scheduled for 7.49 9.44 8.77 43 %projects commissioning Rs. / Unit Rs. / Unit Rs. / Unitthrough by Feb. 2013NVVN 17
  • 18. State-wise Capacity State/UT MW State/UT MWAndhra Pradesh 21.8 Punjab 9.3Chhattisgarh 4.0 Rajasthan 201.1Gujarat 690.0 Tamil Nadu 17.1Haryana 7.8 Uttar Pradesh 12.4 UttarakhandJharkhand 16.0 5.1Karnataka 14.0 West Bengal 2.1Madhya Pradesh 7.4 Andaman & Nicobar 0.1Maharashtra 20.0 Delhi 2.5Orissa 13.0 Lakshadweep 0.8 18 TOTAL 1044.5
  • 19. Growth in Solar Power Installations Cumulative Installed Solar Capacity (MW)1000 1030 500 3 11 36 0 2008-09 2009-10 2010-11 2011-12 19
  • 20. Solar Power Installations Under the national programme, about 290 MW capacity projects connected to the grid  Large projects = 130.0 MW (Out of 140 MW)  Small Plants = 87.80 MW (Out of 98 MW)  Migration = 50.5 MW (Out of 84 MW)  Other Schemes= 21.5 MW Through the encouragement provided by the JNNSM, the states have taken initiatives to install over 755 MW capacity projects. Overall achievement is already over 1045 MW. 20
  • 21. State InitiativesS. No State Solar Specific Programme1. Gujarat Announced – 968.5 MW Commissioned – 690 MW2. Maharashtra Announced – 205 MW Commissioned – 40 MW (Setup in Rajasthan)3. Karnataka Commissioned – 8 MW Plans for 600mw Bids invited – 80 MW, Minimum tariff – Rs. 7.94/unit4. Rajasthan Announced – 200 MW5. Odisha Awarded – 25 MW, Minimum tariff – Rs. 7/unit Announced -50 mw6. Madhya Pradesh AWARDED– 200 MW Minimum tariff – Rs. 7.90/unit7. Tamil Nadu Announced – 3000 MW Total Announced –5000 MW approx 21
  • 22. Off Grid SPV : Physical Targets and Achievements(Target: 200 MW in Phase-I) Year Target in Project Projects MW Sanctioned Installed (MW) (MW) 2010-11 32 40.65 10.79 2011-12 68 77.40 20.2 2012-13 100 Under progressSolar Thermal : Achievements 5.73 million square meter of solar thermal collector area installed so far cumulatively against target of 7.0 million square meter in Phase-I. 22
  • 23. Important Areas for Off-Grid Solar Applications • Agricultural water pumps • Powering telecom towers • Supplementing power generation using diesel • Lighting in areas with no grid power or insufficient grid power 23
  • 24. Requirements in the country• Telecom Towers - 4 lakhs• No. of households using kerosene – 77.5 million• No. of agricultural pumps – 15 million electric & 6 million diesel 24
  • 25. Centers of Excellence• IIT Bombay: Research and education in the area of photovoltaics (2009-10)• IIT Rajasthan: Research and education in the area of solar thermal (2011-12)• IIM Ahmedabad: Technology incubation and development of entrepreneurship (2010-11)• CEPT University, Ahmedabad: Solar passive architecture and green building technologies (2010-11)• Amrita Vishwa Vidyapeetham, Cochin: Integrated nano- material based Photo Voltaic-storage devices (2010-11)• IISc. Bangalore: Proposal is under consideration for decentralized solar thermal power applications
  • 26. Research Infrastructure Augmentation (Universities/ R&D institutions)• R&D Policy is in place to support R&D projects in Universities, academic institutions, research laboratories and in industries• Type of projects covered under the policy include – Centres of excellence in thematic areas of research – Applied research – Technology validation and field evaluation – Capacity building• Currently, 18 projects in photovoltaics and 17 in solar thermal areas are under implementation
  • 27. Research Infrastructure Augmentation (Universities/ R&D institutions)• Implementing institutions include – IIT Bombay, IIT Delhi, IIT Kanpur, IIT Rajasthan – CSIR laboratories, NPL, NCL, Indian Inst of Chemical Tech – Universities: Delhi, Pune, BESU, KIIT, Jain University, Cochin University of S&T, – IACS, Indian Institute of Petroleum, TERI – Industries : Moser Baer, Maharishi Solar, Sunborne, ATE Pune, Clique Dev, Thermax, Megawatt Solutions, – Others: WRST; DST Lakshadweep.
  • 28. Specific R&D Thrusts• CPV – One proposal from IIT Kanpur is under consideration aiming at development of Si solar cell• Development of high temperature photovoltaics – Ga As is usually used – Cooling mechanisms are usually applied.• Heat Cycles for solar thermal with air as heat sink – Being tried out in solar tower project by Sunborne – Covered in the scope of work at IIT Rajasthan project – Pilot project is also being planned
  • 29. Materials and Components• Receiver for Parabolic Trough Technology: Challenges – Glass to Metal seals – Vacuum Receiver – High temperature and low emittance selective coating• Advanced power converter modules for PV – Covered under BESU and IIT Bombay Projects• Self cleaning reflector surfaces• Receiver Modules for central tower – Covered under Sunborne Project
  • 30. New Photovoltaic Materials• Organic solar cells using organic-inorganic semiconductor hybrid absorber – IIT Delhi• Dye Sensitized Solar Cell (DSSC) – IICT, Hyderbad• Novel Doped 3-D Nanoporous Oxides for Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells – IIPM, Dehradun• Salmon DNA-Conducting Polymer (P3HT) - Quantum Dot (CdSe) - Carbon Nanotube (SWNT) – University of Delhi• Titania nano-structured thin film based for developing DSSC – Amrita University, Cochin• Design and Development of Organic Solar Cell Sub-Modules – IIT Kanpur
  • 31. Pilot CSP Projects• Planned with NCEF and ADB support • Air/ hybrid cooling • Large thermal storage • Base load capacity solar stand alone plant • Advanced technology with operating temperature over 500 deg C• Proposed to be taken up • Hybridization with natural gas • Solar - biomass hybrid plant • Solar Augmentation of the existing coal thermal power plant • Solar dish Stirling engine
  • 32. Infra-structure for Solar Energy• Capacity for silicon production – 50 MWp capacity vertically integrated plant by Lanco at Chhattisgarh – A project by Maharishi Solar for development of solar grade Silicon – Some capacities are likely under SIPS by Ministry of IT
  • 33. CERC Tariff Vs. Bid Tariff 33
  • 34. Network of SolarRadiationMonitoringStations in India 34
  • 35. Mandatory Solar RPO Mechanism• State Electricity Regulators to fix a percentage of energy purchased from Solar Power under RPO.• The Solar RPO has to begin with 0.25 % of the energy procured reaching 3% by 2022. Solar Power required to meet Solar RPOs (MW) 2011-12 2012-13 2013-14 2014-15 2015-16 2016-17 1465 3018 4659 6387 8204 10109• This requirement likely to go up to 30,000 MW by 2022. 35
  • 36. Current state-wise Solar RPO targets State 2011-12 2012-13 2013-14 2014-15 2015-16 2016-17Andhra Pradesh 0.25% 0.25% 0.25%Arunachal PradeshAssam 0.10% 0.15% 0.20% 0.25%Bihar 0.50% 0.75% 1.00% 1.25%Chhattisgarh 0.25% 0.50%Delhi 0.10% 0.15% 0.20% 0.25% 0.30% 0.35%JERC (Goa & UT) 0.30% 0.40%Gujarat 0.50% 1.00%Haryana 0.00% 0.05% 0.10%Himachal Pradesh 0.01% 0.25% 0.25% 0.25% 0.25% 0.25%Jammu and 0.10% 0.25%KashmirJharkhand 0.50% 1.00%Karnataka 0.25%Kerala 0.25% 0.25% 0.25% 0.25% 0.25% 0.25% Source: RPO regulations of the respective states 36
  • 37. Current state-wise Solar RPO targets State 2011-12 2012-13 2013-14 2014-15 2015-16 2016-17Madhya Pradesh 0.40% 0.60% 0.80% 1.00%Maharashtra 0.25% 0.25% 0.50% 0.50% 0.50%Manipur 0.25% 0.25%Mizoram 0.25% 0.25%Meghalaya 0.30% 0.40%Nagaland 0.25% 0.25%Orissa 0.10% 0.15% 0.20% 0.25% 0.30%Punjab 0.03% 0.07% 0.13% 0.19%Rajasthan 0.50% 0.75% 1.00%SikkimTamil Nadu 0.05%Tripura 0.10% 0.10%Uttarakhand 0.03% 0.05%Uttar Pradesh 0.50% 1.00%West Bengal 37 Source: RPO regulations of the respective states
  • 38. Captive Compliance Requirement Solar Capacity Required for Captive Power Capacity solar RPO compliance (MW) Company Name (MW) in 2012-13J.K. Lakshmi Cement Ltd. 93.00 3.00Indian Petrochemical Company Ltd. 257.00 3.40Bharat Petroleum Corporation Ltd. 189.00 4.00Wardha Power Company Ltd. 405.00 4.20Ultratech Cement Ltd. 129.00 5.00KSK Energy Ventures Limited 540.00 5.57J.S.W. Steel Limited. 600.00 6.20Prakash Industries Ltd. 300.00 6.20Vedanta Ltd. 1215.00 7.52National Aluminium Company Ltd. 1255.00 7.80Visa Steel Ltd. 405.00 8.40Gujarat Alkalies and Chemicals Ltd. 247.00 8.70Ambuja Cement Ltd. 290.00 10.00Steel Authority of India(SAIL) 578.00 12.00Bokaro Power Supply Company Pvt. Ltd. 302.00 12.50Bajaj Hindustan Ltd. 323.00 13.50Essar Group 367.00 14.27Hindustan Zinc Ltd. 474.00 14.70Jindal Steel and Power Ltd. 873.00 15.00Sterlite Industries India Ltd. 675.00 16.80Hindalco Ltd. 1358.00 41.70Tata Steel Ltd. 1882.50 77.60Reliance Industries Ltd. 2089.00 81.00 38 Total 379.06
  • 39. Solar REC trade @ IEX Cleared No. Of Buy Bids Sell Bids ClearedYear Month (REC) (REC) Volume Price(Rs/REC) Participa (REC) nts 1,637 149 5 13,000 16 May 9,489 541 336 12,750 17 June 8,554 419 93 12,800 112012 July 1,728 310 129 12,850 13 August 1,317 1,094 735 12,500 23 September 39
  • 40. Solar REC trade @ IEX 40
  • 41. No. of RECs traded (cleared volume) at IEX 41
  • 42. 2.5 MW Unit of a 10 MWcapacity project at Bikaner by ACME42
  • 43. 1 MW PV Plant at Osamabad 43
  • 44. 5 MWp SPV Plant at Khimsar, Rajasthan 44
  • 45. SPV Power Plant at Goshen Drass Kargil (40 kWp) 45
  • 46. Solar Thermal System for SteamGeneration at ITC Hotel, New Delhi 46
  • 47. Projected Growth 47
  • 48. Exemption from TaxesVide Custom Notification No. 25/1999 dated 28 th February, 1999there was no customs & Excise duty on cells and modules butsome raw materials required to manufacture cells and modulesattract 5% customs duty and CVD.Vide Custom Notification No. 32/2012 dated 8th May, 2012importation of Plant & Machinery for initial setting up of solar powerprojects is exempted from Additional Custom Duty and the totalcustom duty leviable has come down from 9.35% to 5.15%.Vide Notification No. 31/2012 dated 8th May, 2012 goods requiredfor manufacturing of solar cells and modules have been exemptedfrom Additional Custom Duty and the total custom duty leviable hascome down to 9.35%. 48
  • 49. Solar Resource Maps for India 49
  • 50. Ground Measurements of Solar Radiation Andhra Pradesh 6 Gujarat 11 Haryana 1 Madhya Pradesh 3 Karnataka 5 Rajasthan 12 Chhattisgarh 1 Ladakh 1 Maharashtra 3 Pudducherry 1 Tamil Nadu 6• C-WET is implementing the project for setting up 51 ground monitoring stations• Centralized data collection, analysis and calibration of measuring sensors 50
  • 51. Solar Energy Centre Solar Energy Centre (SEC) near New Delhi under the Ministry is the lead Centre for testing and training in solar energy in the country SEC has NABL accredited testing facilities for PV module qualification as per Indian and International standards SEC is imparting training in solar energy at various levels SEC is regularly conducting international training programmes in solar energy with MEA Several research and technology validation projects are being set up at SEC. 51
  • 52. National Solar Thermal Power Testing, Simulation and Research Facility• 1MWe Solar Thermal Power Plant - Research and Demonstration plant - Combination of different collector fields (Direct and Indirect Steam Generation) Parabolic Trough Field Linear Fresnel Field -8700 sq. m - 7200 sq. m -3.3 MWth (Design) - 2.2 MWth (Design) 52 Turbine operating conditions: saturated steam at 350 0 C and 40 bar
  • 53. PHASE 2 PLANNING• CONSULTATION STARTED – 3 meetings held• ALTERNATIVES FOR GRID POWER IDENTIFIED• NEW INITIATIVES FOR OFFGRID• GRID CONNECTED ROOFTOP TO COME UP IN A BIG WAY• R AND D AND MANUFACTURING 53
  • 54. OFFGRID NEW INITIATIVES• ENERGY ACCESS SCHEME• CHANGES IN OFFGRID SCHEME TO MAKE IT SIMPLER• GRID CONNECTION ALREADY ALLOWED• HEAT APPLICATIONS TO BE ENCOURAGED• USE IN INDUSTRY 54
  • 55. GRID CONNECTED ROOFTOP• REGULATIONS TO FACILITATE• CAPITAL SUBSIDY• PILOT OF 10 MW• RESCOS TO BE ENCOURAGED• TAX BENIFITS 55
  • 56. OTHER AREAS• DIESEL REPLACEMENT• TELECOM TOWERS• NEW INNOVATIVE PRODUCTS• COOLING• COLD STORAGE• WATER PURIFICATION• SPACE HEATING• WATER PUMPING 56
  • 57. GRID CONNECTED• BUNDLING,VGF AND GBI• 3000 MW IN BATCHES• THERMAL POWER TO BE ALSO SUPPORTED• NVVN AND SECI TO SUPPORT• SOLAR PARKS 57
  • 58. SUPPORT REQUIRED• FINANCING-INVESTMENT OF 1LAKH CRORE• TRAINED MANPOWER• MANUFACTURING• TRANSMISSION• DISCOMS• REGULATERS• GOVT POLICIES 58
  • 59. INSTITUTIONAL SUPPORT• SECI• INDUSTREAL AND R AND D COMMETTIES• STATE NODAL AGENCIES• MONITERING SYSTEM• NISE 59
  • 60. 60