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The term educational technology refers to the use of technology in educational settings, whether it be elementary and secondary schools, colleges and universities, corporate training sites, or independent study at home.
It includes the use of software, hardware and Internet applications and activities.
Technically, it is the study and practice of facilitating learning and improving performance by creating, using and managing appropiate technological processes and resources.
“ Educational Technology” can be traced back to the time when tribal priests systematized bodies of knowledge, and early cultures invented pictographs or sign writing to record and transmit information.
In Ancient Greece, the elder Sophist used the term “techne” to refer the process of applying knowledge systematically to the practical art of instruction.
Technology can refer to material objects such as hardware, but also systems, methods of organization and techniques which serves as useful tools for developing human capability . So it is not only associated with instructional theories but also with learning theories.
It is used to support four goals: building student capacity for research, making student inquiry more realistic, enabling students to present information in appealing forms, and offering students access to learning resources within and beyond the school.