the hystory of educational technology by Jacqueline, Rocio and Anabella

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  • 1. The History of Educational Technology Anabella de Miguel. Jacqueline Hacinlioglu. Rocío Duarte.
  • 2. What does Educational Technology mean?
    • The term  educational technology  refers to the use of technology in educational settings, whether it be elementary and secondary schools, colleges and universities, corporate training sites, or independent study at home.
    • It includes the use of software, hardware and Internet applications and activities.
    • Technically, it is the study and practice of facilitating learning and improving performance by creating, using and managing appropiate technological processes and resources.
  • 3. Beginnings…
    • “ Educational Technology” can be traced back to the time when tribal priests systematized bodies of knowledge, and early cultures invented pictographs or sign writing to record and transmit information.
    • In Ancient Greece, the elder Sophist used the term “techne” to refer the process of applying knowledge systematically to the practical art of instruction.
  • 4. More modern technologies…
    • The 19th century introduced effective technological development including:
    • The use of blackboards
    • The use of textbooks
    • Improvements in writing elements like pen and ink.
  • 5. Even more…
    • By 1920 visual media became widely accepted.
    • Then came the publication of audio-visual media texts.
    • In 1926, instructional films were used as instrutional media.
    • During World War II, U.S government encouraged the implementation of technology of instruction for military training programs.
  • 6. Later on …
    • In the 1950s there was a popular behavioral design called “programmed instruction” led by Skinner’s work.
    • In the 1970s through the 1990s two other models appeared. They were called: Computer-Based Training (CBT) and Computer-Assisted Instruction (CAI)
  • 7. A little bit more…
    • In the 1980s and 1990s many schools adopted CBL based on Constructivist theories of learning.
    • The preferred technologies were:
    • micro-worlds
    • simulations
    • hypertext.
  • 8. Newer Technologies…
    • In the 21st century :
    • Smart houses
    • Wireless technology
    • Virtual reality
    • Truly individualized education
  • 9. Why the use of Technology?
    • Technology can refer to material objects such as hardware, but also systems, methods of organization and techniques which serves as useful tools for developing human capability . So it is not only associated with instructional theories but also with learning theories.
    • It is used to support four goals: building student capacity for research, making student inquiry more realistic, enabling students to present information in appealing forms, and offering students access to learning resources within and beyond the school.
  • 10. THANK YOU ! ANABELLA, JACQUELINE, ROCÍO
    • Sources
    • History, the History of Computers, and the History of Computers in Education. Retrived April 22, 2011, Web site: http://www.csulb.edu/~murdock/histofcs.html
    • Baldwin, R. (n.d.) School Technology in education, Retrived April 22, 2011. From Answer.com, Web site: http://www.answers.com/topic/school-technology-in-education
    • Educational Technology, Retrived April 22, 2011, from Wikepedia. Web Site: http ://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Educational_technology