Music baroque music

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Music baroque music

  1. 1. AOS1 – Western Classical Music (1600-1899) The Baroque Era
  2. 2. Dates: ? 1600 - 1750 Composers: Handel Bach ? Purcell Vivaldi ‘And the Glory of Set work: ? the Lord’ from ‘Messiah - Handel
  3. 3. Concerto Grosso Trio sonatas Small orchestra with solo and tutti parts Oratorios Bible storiesOpera set to music Ground Bass and variations Keyboard pieces
  4. 4. Terraced dynamics Basso continuoLoud and soft – nocrescendo/diminuendo Same mood throughoutLong phrases Ornaments Driving rhythm
  5. 5. Strings Oboe/bassoon HarpsichordBaroque orchestraswere mostly strings Valveless trumpet Recorder/baroque flute Organ
  6. 6. Set work 1: ‘And the Glory of the Lord’ from ‘Messiah’ – George Frideric Handel
  7. 7. An oratorio for solo voices, choir and orchestra 4th movement of ‘Messiah’ – the first chorus in the workTells the story of thebirth death andresurrection of Jesus First performed in Dublin in 1742
  8. 8. Structure:• Based on 4 motifs 1. ‘And the Glory of the Lord’ – first three notes outline A major triad. Syllabic word setting. 2. ‘Shall be revealed’ – Descending sequences. Melismatic word setting. 3. ‘And all flesh shall see it together’ – repetitive 4. ‘For the mouth of the Lord hath spoken it’ – long notes. Solemn like chant.
  9. 9. A major
  10. 10. Modulations to thedominant, E major, and the dominant of the dominant, B major
  11. 11. ¾ - triple time
  12. 12. Allegro
  13. 13. Textures in the piece: Homophonic: melody part + accompaniment, meaning bars 33 - 38 example parts moving at the same time two parts singing the same words, Doubling: meaning at different pitches or octaves bar 51 onwards example a single melodic line with no bars 11 - 13 Monophonic: meaning accompaniment example two or more parts Imitation: meaning copying/imitating each other example bar 17 onwards two of the 4 motifs being sung 2 ideas together: meaning at the same time example bars 110 - 113

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