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Music baroque music



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  • 1. AOS1 – Western Classical Music (1600-1899) The Baroque Era
  • 2. Dates: ? 1600 - 1750 Composers: Handel Bach ? Purcell Vivaldi ‘And the Glory of Set work: ? the Lord’ from ‘Messiah - Handel
  • 3. Concerto Grosso Trio sonatas Small orchestra with solo and tutti parts Oratorios Bible storiesOpera set to music Ground Bass and variations Keyboard pieces
  • 4. Terraced dynamics Basso continuoLoud and soft – nocrescendo/diminuendo Same mood throughoutLong phrases Ornaments Driving rhythm
  • 5. Strings Oboe/bassoon HarpsichordBaroque orchestraswere mostly strings Valveless trumpet Recorder/baroque flute Organ
  • 6. Set work 1: ‘And the Glory of the Lord’ from ‘Messiah’ – George Frideric Handel
  • 7. An oratorio for solo voices, choir and orchestra 4th movement of ‘Messiah’ – the first chorus in the workTells the story of thebirth death andresurrection of Jesus First performed in Dublin in 1742
  • 8. Structure:• Based on 4 motifs 1. ‘And the Glory of the Lord’ – first three notes outline A major triad. Syllabic word setting. 2. ‘Shall be revealed’ – Descending sequences. Melismatic word setting. 3. ‘And all flesh shall see it together’ – repetitive 4. ‘For the mouth of the Lord hath spoken it’ – long notes. Solemn like chant.
  • 9. A major
  • 10. Modulations to thedominant, E major, and the dominant of the dominant, B major
  • 11. ¾ - triple time
  • 12. Allegro
  • 13. Textures in the piece: Homophonic: melody part + accompaniment, meaning bars 33 - 38 example parts moving at the same time two parts singing the same words, Doubling: meaning at different pitches or octaves bar 51 onwards example a single melodic line with no bars 11 - 13 Monophonic: meaning accompaniment example two or more parts Imitation: meaning copying/imitating each other example bar 17 onwards two of the 4 motifs being sung 2 ideas together: meaning at the same time example bars 110 - 113