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Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 1 - Introduction to Anatomy and Physiology Part 2
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 1 - Introduction to Anatomy and Physiology Part 2
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 1 - Introduction to Anatomy and Physiology Part 2
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 1 - Introduction to Anatomy and Physiology Part 2
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 1 - Introduction to Anatomy and Physiology Part 2
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 1 - Introduction to Anatomy and Physiology Part 2
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 1 - Introduction to Anatomy and Physiology Part 2
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 1 - Introduction to Anatomy and Physiology Part 2
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 1 - Introduction to Anatomy and Physiology Part 2
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 1 - Introduction to Anatomy and Physiology Part 2
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 1 - Introduction to Anatomy and Physiology Part 2
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 1 - Introduction to Anatomy and Physiology Part 2
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 1 - Introduction to Anatomy and Physiology Part 2
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 1 - Introduction to Anatomy and Physiology Part 2
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 1 - Introduction to Anatomy and Physiology Part 2
Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 1 - Introduction to Anatomy and Physiology Part 2
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Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 1 - Introduction to Anatomy and Physiology Part 2

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  • Hi Anggo! Thank you very much for posting this. its very useful. Please send me a copy to lokabhi12@yahoo.com
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  • This was very informational. The diagrams help a lot; it showed me the things that I wasn't to sure about.
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  • 1. Chapter 1 The Human Body: An Orientation Part B
  • 2. Regional Terms <ul><li>Axial – head, neck, and trunk </li></ul><ul><li>Appendicular – appendages or limbs </li></ul><ul><li>Specific regional terminology </li></ul>Figure 1.7a
  • 3. Regional Terms Figure 1.7b
  • 4. Body Planes <ul><li>Sagittal and medial – divides the body into right and left parts </li></ul><ul><li>Midsagittal – sagittal plane that lies on the midline </li></ul><ul><li>Frontal or coronal – divides the body into anterior and posterior parts </li></ul><ul><li>Transverse or horizontal (cross section) – divides the body into superior and inferior parts </li></ul><ul><li>Oblique section – cuts made diagonally </li></ul>
  • 5. Body Planes Figure 1.8
  • 6. Body Cavities <ul><li>Dorsal cavity protects the nervous system, and is divided into two subdivisions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Cranial cavity is within the skull and encases the brain </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Vertebral cavity runs within the vertebral column and encases the spinal cord </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Ventral cavity houses the internal organs (viscera), and is divided into two subdivisions: thoracic and abdominopelvic </li></ul>
  • 7. Body Cavities Figure 1.9
  • 8. Body Cavities <ul><li>Thoracic cavity is subdivided into pleural cavities, the mediastinum, and the pericardial cavity </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Pleural cavities – each houses a lung </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mediastinum – contains the pericardial cavity, and surrounds the remaining thoracic organs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pericardial – encloses the heart </li></ul></ul>
  • 9. Body Cavities <ul><li>The abdominopelvic cavity is separated from the superior thoracic cavity by the dome-shaped diaphragm </li></ul><ul><li>It is composed of two subdivisions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Abdominal cavity – contains the stomach, intestines, spleen, liver, and other organs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pelvic cavity – lies within the pelvis and contains the bladder, reproductive organs, and rectum </li></ul></ul>
  • 10. Ventral Body Cavity Membranes <ul><li>Parietal serosa covering the body walls </li></ul><ul><li>Visceral serosa covering the internal organs </li></ul><ul><li>Serous fluid separates the serosae </li></ul>Figure 1.10
  • 11. Other Body Cavities <ul><li>Oral and digestive – mouth and cavities of the digestive organs </li></ul><ul><li>Nasal –located within and posterior to the nose </li></ul><ul><li>Orbital – house the eyes </li></ul><ul><li>Middle ear – contain bones (ossicles) that transmit sound vibrations </li></ul><ul><li>Synovial – joint cavities </li></ul>
  • 12. Abdominopelvic Regions <ul><li>Umbilical </li></ul><ul><li>Epigastric </li></ul><ul><li>Hypogastric </li></ul><ul><li>Right and left iliac or inguinal </li></ul><ul><li>Right and left lumbar </li></ul><ul><li>Right and left hypochondriac </li></ul>Figure 1.11a
  • 13. Abdominopelvic Regions Figure 1.11b
  • 14. <ul><li>1. Right Hypochondriac : Liver, gall bladder, small intestine, ascending colon, transverse colon, right kidney </li></ul><ul><li>2. Epigastric : Esophagus, stomach, liver, pancreas, small intestine, transvers colon, right and left adrenal glands, pancreas, right and left kidneys, right and left ureters, spleen </li></ul><ul><li>3. Left Hypochondriac : Stomach, tip of liver, tail of pancreas, small intestines, transverse colon, descending colon, pancreas, left kidney, spleen </li></ul><ul><li>4. Right Lumbar : Tip of liver, gall bladder, small intestine, ascending colon, right kidney </li></ul><ul><li>5. Umbilical : Stomach, pancreas, small intestine, transverse colon, pancreas, right and left kidneys, right and left ureters </li></ul>
  • 15. <ul><li>6. Left Lumbar : Small intestine, descending colon, tip of left kidney </li></ul><ul><li>7. Right Iliac : Small intestine, appendix, cecum and ascending colon; F- right ovary, right fallopian tube </li></ul><ul><li>8. Hypogastric : Small intestine, sigmoid colon, rectum, right and left ureters, urinary bladder; F- uterus, right and left ovaries, right and left Fallopian tubes; M- vas deferens, seminal vessicle, prostate </li></ul><ul><li>9. Left Iliac : Small intestine, descending colon, sigmoid colon; F- left ovary, left Fallopian tube </li></ul>
  • 16. Abdominopelvic Quadrants <ul><li>Right upper </li></ul><ul><li>Left upper </li></ul><ul><li>Right lower </li></ul><ul><li>Left lower </li></ul>Figure 1.12

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