Problem-Based Learning Done by: Chan Jen Wuu Tan Rui Ying Heidi Tan Siu Yian Jerena Teo Jia Yin Sarah Ang Tian Wen, Alphon...
Introduction <ul><li>Scenario 1 </li></ul><ul><li>Ms Jia </li></ul>
Questions <ul><li>Why are her students lacking in motivation during class? </li></ul><ul><li>Why does she have such negati...
Problems <ul><li>Labels students </li></ul><ul><li>Low self-efficacy </li></ul><ul><li>Negative classroom climate </li></u...
Problem Statement <ul><li>The key problem the teacher face is her classroom management, whereby she: created an environmen...
Theories <ul><li>Skinner behaviorist theories </li></ul><ul><li>- Students who are not in her good books always get negati...
Theories <ul><li>Bronfenbrenner’s Bioecological Theory </li></ul><ul><li>- negative interactions in the microsystem in her...
Theories <ul><li>Skinner’s Reinforcement Theory </li></ul><ul><li>- Inconsistent reinforcement strategies would cause lear...
Theories <ul><li>- Inappropriate reinforcement and punishment delivered. </li></ul><ul><li>- Students who are not in her g...
Theories <ul><li>Bandura’s Social Cognitive Theory </li></ul><ul><li>- Need for role model </li></ul><ul><li>- Modeling (L...
Theories <ul><li>Vygotsky’s Zone of Proximal Development (ZPD) </li></ul><ul><li>- An individual is able to learn more wit...
Solutions based on the theories <ul><li>Carl Roger’s Student-centered Learning </li></ul><ul><li>- Administer positive reg...
Solutions based on the theories <ul><li>Skinner’s Reinforcement theory </li></ul><ul><li>- A structured reinforcement/puni...
Solutions based on the theories <ul><li>Bronfenbrenner’s Bioecological theory </li></ul><ul><li>- Improve her relationship...
Solutions based on the theories <ul><li>Vygotsky’s Social Development theory </li></ul><ul><li>- Confident of her knowledg...
Solutions based on the theories <ul><li>Vgotsky’s Zone of Proximate Development </li></ul><ul><li>- Provide more scaffolds...
Questions and Answers
References <ul><li>Atkinson, R., & Shiffrin, R. (1968). Human memory: A proposed system and its control processes.In K Spe...
References <ul><li>Bransford, J. (1979). Human cognition: Learning, understanding, and remembering. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth...
References <ul><li>Learning Theories Knowledgebase. (2011, October 01). Social Learning Theory (Bandura). Retrieved Octobe...
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Final ed psy_pbl

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Final ed psy_pbl

  1. 1. Problem-Based Learning Done by: Chan Jen Wuu Tan Rui Ying Heidi Tan Siu Yian Jerena Teo Jia Yin Sarah Ang Tian Wen, Alphonsus
  2. 2. Introduction <ul><li>Scenario 1 </li></ul><ul><li>Ms Jia </li></ul>
  3. 3. Questions <ul><li>Why are her students lacking in motivation during class? </li></ul><ul><li>Why does she have such negative perceptions of her students? </li></ul><ul><li>Why does she seem more concerned with herself than the welfare of her students? </li></ul><ul><li>How did she create the current classroom climate? </li></ul>
  4. 4. Problems <ul><li>Labels students </li></ul><ul><li>Low self-efficacy </li></ul><ul><li>Negative classroom climate </li></ul><ul><li>Inconsistent disciplinarian </li></ul><ul><li>Weak role model </li></ul><ul><li>Task difficulty is beyond ‘problem’ student’s current ability </li></ul>
  5. 5. Problem Statement <ul><li>The key problem the teacher face is her classroom management, whereby she: created an environment that is not conducive for learning by showing favoritism, has low self efficacy, created a negative classroom climate, was inconsistent with her discipline, provides a weak role model and set tasks beyond student's abilities without appropriate scaffolding. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Theories <ul><li>Skinner behaviorist theories </li></ul><ul><li>- Students who are not in her good books always get negative responses VS. favourite students always get positive responses (regardless of problem) </li></ul>
  7. 7. Theories <ul><li>Bronfenbrenner’s Bioecological Theory </li></ul><ul><li>- negative interactions in the microsystem in her life contribute to her low self efficacy </li></ul><ul><li>- negative teacher-student </li></ul><ul><li>interactions </li></ul>
  8. 8. Theories <ul><li>Skinner’s Reinforcement Theory </li></ul><ul><li>- Inconsistent reinforcement strategies would cause learning to be unsuccessful </li></ul><ul><li>- Ms Jia was an inconsistent disciplinarian </li></ul>
  9. 9. Theories <ul><li>- Inappropriate reinforcement and punishment delivered. </li></ul><ul><li>- Students who are not in her good books always get negative responses VS. favourite students always get positive responses (regardless of problem) </li></ul>
  10. 10. Theories <ul><li>Bandura’s Social Cognitive Theory </li></ul><ul><li>- Need for role model </li></ul><ul><li>- Modeling (Learning from others’ behaviors) </li></ul>
  11. 11. Theories <ul><li>Vygotsky’s Zone of Proximal Development (ZPD) </li></ul><ul><li>- An individual is able to learn more with the help of a more capable peer/parent/teacher </li></ul><ul><li>- Task is beyond the student’s ZPD </li></ul><ul><li>- Ms Jia attributed failure to character’s flaws/lack of effort </li></ul><ul><li>- Ms Jia was only concerned with observable behaviour of academic repetition instead of independent problem solving </li></ul>
  12. 12. Solutions based on the theories <ul><li>Carl Roger’s Student-centered Learning </li></ul><ul><li>- Administer positive regard and build warmth in the classroom </li></ul>
  13. 13. Solutions based on the theories <ul><li>Skinner’s Reinforcement theory </li></ul><ul><li>- A structured reinforcement/punishment system </li></ul><ul><li>- Remove labels on her students to deliver appropriate responses to their behavior </li></ul>
  14. 14. Solutions based on the theories <ul><li>Bronfenbrenner’s Bioecological theory </li></ul><ul><li>- Improve her relationship with her superiors </li></ul><ul><li>- Widen her social circle in her workplace </li></ul><ul><li>- Strengthen her self-concept </li></ul>
  15. 15. Solutions based on the theories <ul><li>Vygotsky’s Social Development theory </li></ul><ul><li>- Confident of her knowledge and ability to deliver it </li></ul><ul><li>- Provide more scaffolding for understanding rather than saying they are wrong </li></ul><ul><li>- Utilize peer modeling </li></ul>
  16. 16. Solutions based on the theories <ul><li>Vgotsky’s Zone of Proximate Development </li></ul><ul><li>- Provide more scaffolds for the weaker students </li></ul><ul><li>- Avoid attributing task failure to student’s inherent behavior or ability </li></ul>
  17. 17. Questions and Answers
  18. 18. References <ul><li>Atkinson, R., & Shiffrin, R. (1968). Human memory: A proposed system and its control processes.In K Spence & J Spence (Eds.). T he psychology of learning and motivation: Advances in research and theory (Vol. 2). New York: Academic Press. Bandura, A. (1997). Self-efficacy: The exercise of control. New York: W.H. Freeman. Bandura, A. (1986). Social Foundations of Thought and Action. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall. Bandura, A. (1973). Aggression: A Social Learning Analysis. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall. Bandura, A. (1977). Social Learning Theory. New York: General Learning Press. Bandura, A. (1969). Principles of Behavior Modification. New York: Holt, Rinehart & Winston. Bandura, A. & Walters, R. (1963). Social Learning and Personality Development. New York: Holt, Rinehart & Winston. </li></ul>
  19. 19. References <ul><li>Bransford, J. (1979). Human cognition: Learning, understanding, and remembering. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth. Bronfenbrenner, U. (1989) Ecological systems theory. In R. Vasta (eds.) Annals of child development, vol 6, Greenwich, CT: JAL Craik, F., & Lockhart, R. (1972). Levels of processing: A framework for memory research. Journal of Verbal Thinking and Verbal Behavior, 11, 671-684. </li></ul><ul><li>Hossam, A.-H. (2005, October 31). Information Processing Theory. (York University) Retrieved October 08, 2011, from Theories Used in Research: http://www.istheory.yorku.ca/informationprocessingtheory.htm </li></ul><ul><li>Huitt, W. (2003). The information processing approach to cognition. Educational Psychology Interactive. Valdosta, GA: Valdosta State University. Retrieved 08 October 2011 from,http://www.edpsycinteractive.org/topics/cognition/infoproc.html </li></ul>
  20. 20. References <ul><li>Learning Theories Knowledgebase. (2011, October 01). Social Learning Theory (Bandura). Retrieved October 08, 2011, from Learning-Theories.com: http://www.learning-theories.com/social-learning-theory-bandura.html </li></ul><ul><li>Piaget, J. (1969) Science of education and the psychology of the child, New York: Viking Piaget, J. (1968) Six psychology studies, New York: Vintage Piaget, J. (1952) The origins of intelligence in children. London: Routledge and Paul Skinner, B. F. (1953) Science and human behavior. New York: Macmillan Skinner, B.F. (1961) Teaching machines in Scientific American Vygotsky, L (1978), Mind in society, Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press Vygotsky, L (1993), The collected works of L. S. Vygotsky, Vol. 2, New York, Penguin Santrock, J.W. (2008). Life-Span Development. (11th ed.). New York: McGraw. </li></ul>

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