Problem-Based Learning<br />Done by:<br />Chan Jen Wuu<br />Tan Rui Ying Heidi<br />Tan Siu Yian Jerena<br />TeoJia Yin Sa...
Introduction<br />Scenario 1<br />MsJia<br />
Questions<br />Why are her students lacking in motivation during class?<br />Why does she have such negative perceptions o...
Problems<br />Labels students<br />Low self-efficacy<br />Negative classroom climate<br />Inconsistent disciplinarian<br /...
Problem Statement<br />The key problem the teacher face is her classroom management, whereby she: created an environment t...
Theories<br />Learned Helplessness  Behaviorist theories<br />   - students who are not in her good books always get nega...
Theories<br />Bronfenbrenner’sBioecological Theory<br />   - negative interactions in the microsystem in her life contribu...
Theories<br />Skinner’s Reinforcement Theory<br />   - Inconsistent reinforcement strategies would cause learning to be un...
Theories<br />Bandura’s Social Cognitive Theory<br />   - Need for role model<br />   - Modeling (Learning from others’ be...
Theories<br />Vygotsky’sZone of Proximate Development (ZPD)<br />   - An individual is able to learn more with the help of...
Solutions based on the theories<br />Skinner’s Reinforcement theory<br />   - A structured reinforcement/punishment system...
Solutions based on the theories<br />Bronfenbrenner’sBioecologicaltheory<br />   - Improve her relationship with her super...
Solutions based on the theories<br />Carl Roger’s Student-centered Learning<br />   - Administer positive regard and build...
Solutions based on the theories<br />Vygotsky’sSocial Development theory<br />   - Confident of her knowledge and ability ...
Solutions based on the theories<br />Vgotsky’s Zone of Proximate Development<br />   - Provide more scaffolds for the weak...
Questions and Answers<br />
References<br />Atkinson, R., & Shiffrin, R. (1968). Human memory: A proposed system and its control processes.In K Spence...
References<br />Bransford, J. (1979). Human cognition: Learning, understanding, and remembering. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth.Br...
References<br />Learning Theories Knowledgebase. (2011, October 01). Social Learning Theory (Bandura). Retrieved October 0...
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Ed psy pbl

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Ed Psych PBL Scenario 1

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Ed psy pbl

  1. 1. Problem-Based Learning<br />Done by:<br />Chan Jen Wuu<br />Tan Rui Ying Heidi<br />Tan Siu Yian Jerena<br />TeoJia Yin SarahAngTian Wen, Alphonsus<br />
  2. 2. Introduction<br />Scenario 1<br />MsJia<br />
  3. 3. Questions<br />Why are her students lacking in motivation during class?<br />Why does she have such negative perceptions of her students?<br />Why does she seem more concerned with herself than the welfare of her students?<br />How did she create the current classroom climate?<br />
  4. 4. Problems<br />Labels students<br />Low self-efficacy<br />Negative classroom climate<br />Inconsistent disciplinarian<br />Weak role model<br />Task difficulty is beyond ‘problem’ student’s current ability<br />
  5. 5. Problem Statement<br />The key problem the teacher face is her classroom management, whereby she: created an environment that is not conducive for learning by showing favoritism, has low self efficacy, created a negative classroom climate, was inconsistent with her discipline, provides a weak role model and set tasks beyond student's abilities without appropriate scaffolding.<br />
  6. 6. Theories<br />Learned Helplessness  Behaviorist theories<br /> - students who are not in her good books always get negative responses VS. favourite students always get positive responses (regardless of problem)<br />
  7. 7. Theories<br />Bronfenbrenner’sBioecological Theory<br /> - negative interactions in the microsystem in her life contribute to her low self efficacy<br /> - negative teacher-student <br />interactions<br />
  8. 8. Theories<br />Skinner’s Reinforcement Theory<br /> - Inconsistent reinforcement strategies would cause learning to be unsuccessful<br /> - Ms Jia was an inconsistent disciplinarian<br />
  9. 9. Theories<br />Bandura’s Social Cognitive Theory<br /> - Need for role model<br /> - Modeling (Learning from others’ behaviors)<br />
  10. 10. Theories<br />Vygotsky’sZone of Proximate Development (ZPD)<br /> - An individual is able to learn more with the help of a more capable peer/parent/teacher<br /> - Task is beyond the student’s ZPD<br /> - Ms Jia attributed failure to character’s flaws/lack of effort<br /> - Ms Jia was only concerned with observable behaviour of academic repetition instead of independent problem solving<br />
  11. 11. Solutions based on the theories<br />Skinner’s Reinforcement theory<br /> - A structured reinforcement/punishment system<br /> - Remove labels on her students to deliver appropriate responses to their behavior<br />
  12. 12. Solutions based on the theories<br />Bronfenbrenner’sBioecologicaltheory<br /> - Improve her relationship with her superiors<br /> - Widen her social circle in her workplace<br /> - Strengthen her self-concept<br />
  13. 13. Solutions based on the theories<br />Carl Roger’s Student-centered Learning<br /> - Administer positive regard and build warmth in the classroom<br />
  14. 14. Solutions based on the theories<br />Vygotsky’sSocial Development theory<br /> - Confident of her knowledge and ability to deliver it<br /> - Provide more scaffolding for understanding rather than saying they are wrong<br /> - Utilize peer modeling<br />
  15. 15. Solutions based on the theories<br />Vgotsky’s Zone of Proximate Development<br /> - Provide more scaffolds for the weaker students<br /> - Avoid attributing task failure to student’s inherent behavior or ability<br />
  16. 16. Questions and Answers<br />
  17. 17. References<br />Atkinson, R., & Shiffrin, R. (1968). Human memory: A proposed system and its control processes.In K Spence & J Spence (Eds.). The psychology of learning and motivation: Advances in research and theory (Vol. 2). New York: Academic Press.Bandura, A. (1997). Self-efficacy: The exercise of control. New York: W.H. Freeman.Bandura, A. (1986). Social Foundations of Thought and Action. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall.Bandura, A. (1973). Aggression: A Social Learning Analysis. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall.Bandura, A. (1977). Social Learning Theory. New York: General Learning Press.Bandura, A. (1969). Principles of Behavior Modification. New York: Holt, Rinehart & Winston.Bandura, A. & Walters, R. (1963). Social Learning and Personality Development. New York: Holt, Rinehart & Winston.<br />
  18. 18. References<br />Bransford, J. (1979). Human cognition: Learning, understanding, and remembering. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth.Bronfenbrenner, U. (1989) Ecological systems theory. In R. Vasta (eds.) Annals of child development, vol 6, Greenwich, CT: JALCraik, F., & Lockhart, R. (1972). Levels of processing: A framework for memory research. Journal of Verbal Thinking and Verbal Behavior, 11, 671-684.<br />Hossam, A.-H. (2005, October 31). Information Processing Theory. (York University) Retrieved October 08, 2011, from Theories Used in Research: http://www.istheory.yorku.ca/informationprocessingtheory.htm<br />Huitt, W. (2003). The information processing approach to cognition. Educational Psychology Interactive. Valdosta, GA: Valdosta State University. Retrieved 08 October 2011 from,http://www.edpsycinteractive.org/topics/cognition/infoproc.html<br />
  19. 19. References<br />Learning Theories Knowledgebase. (2011, October 01). Social Learning Theory (Bandura). Retrieved October 08, 2011, from Learning-Theories.com: http://www.learning-theories.com/social-learning-theory-bandura.html<br />Piaget, J. (1969) Science of education and the psychology of the child, New York: VikingPiaget, J. (1968) Six psychology studies, New York: VintagePiaget, J. (1952) The origins of intelligence in children. London: Routledge and PaulSkinner, B. F. (1953) Science and human behavior. New York: MacmillanSkinner, B.F. (1961) Teaching machines in Scientific AmericanVygotsky, L (1978), Mind in society, Cambridge, MA: Harvard University PressVygotsky, L (1993), The collected works of L. S. Vygotsky, Vol. 2, New York, PenguinSantrock, J.W. (2008). Life-Span Development. (11th ed.). New York: McGraw.<br />

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