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  • 1. European Conquest Flipbook Notes
  • 2. European Exploration and Conquest
    • In the 1400s, Spain and Portugal were looking for new routes to Asia.
    • Sailors guided their ships using only the stars, a compass, and an astrolabe.
    • Spain and Portugal soon became fierce rivals.
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  • 4. Christopher Columbus
    • Born in Genoa, Italy (we think)
    • Sailed for Spain’s King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella
    • Made for four voyages to the New World, the first in 1492
    • Originally, he thought he had landed in the East Indies in Asia, so he called the people he saw Indians.
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  • 8. Treaty of Tordesillas
    • Divided the New World between the Spanish and the Portuguese.
    • Decided upon by Pope
    • Signed in 1494
    • Set an imaginary line running from the North Pole to the South Pole at about 50 degree longitude. This line is called the Line of Demarcation.
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  • 10. Hernan Cort é s
    • Arrived in Mexico in 1519
    • Most important native ally was Malinche
    • Was looking for treasure
    • Moctezuma II believed he was the god Quetzalcoatl returned to rule the Aztecs and turned Tenochtitl á n over to Cort é s. The peace did not last long and the Spanish had to excape the city.
    • Cort é s, with the help of Aztec enemies, attacked and destroyed Tenochtitl á n.
    • In 1521, the Aztecs surrendered.
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  • 13. Francisco Pizarro
    • He heard rumors of the rich Incan empire and planned to attack the Pacific coast of South America.
    • In 1531, he sailed with 180 Spanish soldiers. He captured and killed the Incan emperor Atahualpa.
    • By 1535, he had captured all the Incan empire.
    • He established the city of Lima in Peru.
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  • 19. Columbian Exchange
    • Goods, as well as people, crossed the Atlantic Ocean in the years following the Spanish and Portuguese conquests.
    • Goods from the New World (Western Hemisphere) traveled to the Old World (Eastern Hemisphere) with returning explorers.
    • Goods from the Old World traveled to the new World with the conquerors.
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